Newsletter of the Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change by ni883r

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									     Newsletter of the Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change 4

UNESCO Report –
                                                     structures of managing and developing tourism         zones’ in which this materiality is given
                                                     and cultural policy. Third, and for the first time,   meaning and exchanged and; the power of
                                                     UNESCO’s actions were examined and brought            materiality to encapsulate experience and to
Tourism Culture                                      together as to how they are addressing the four       enable ‘participation’ in social life.
                                                     areas identified. The document thus looks at
and Sustainable                                      UNESCO’s normative actions and field
                                                     examples, implemented by, or with the support
Development                                          of UNESCO, of international and transnational
                                                     projects through which the tourism, culture and
                                                     development arenas are brought together. In the
In 2005 the CTCC’s Mike Robinson and David           words of Mounir Bouchenaki, Assistant Director
Picard were funded by UNESCO’s Division of           General for Culture at UNESCO, this
Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue to      publication “opens a debate on the complex
research and articulate the relationships that       questions that surround the relations between
exist between ‘culture, tourism and                  culture and tourism, tourism and development,
development’. The research involved desk             tourism and dialogue among cultures; questions
studies of existing literature, a comprehensive      that every decision-maker and actor engaged in
review of UNESCO documentation cutting               tourism should address before a tourism project
across its many Divisions, and discussions with      is launched.”
UNESCO personnel involved in policy
formulation and operations. The work covered         The publication is being translated into a number
three key areas. First, a state-of-the-art review,   of languages including Spanish, Russian and           The conference will provide an important
synthesis and theorisation of the contemporary       Chinese and has been widely welcomed by               opportunity for delegates to meet, exchange
themes and issues of tourism, culture and            policy makers, practitioners and academics            ideas and create networks beyond the confines
                                                     working with the tourism – culture relationship.      of disciplinary boundaries.
                                                     For further information please contact Mike
                                                     Robinson (               Continued on page two
                                                     The document, in English, can be downloaded at

                                                     Things that                                           In this edition
                                                     Move: The                                             When Leeds Met the CTCC                   2

                                                     Material World of                                     Forthcoming Events
                                                                                                           Conference Reviews

                                                     Tourism and                                           Research News
                                                                                                           PhD Research at the CTCC

                                                     Travel                                                Projects, Initiatives, Notes
                                                                                                           Partner News                             22
                                                     A major international conference will be              Appointments                             24
                                                     held in Leeds (July 19-23, 2007) to discuss the       Out and About                            26
                                                     relationships between tourism and the material        New Publications                         27
                                                     world. Researchers and policy makers from over
                                                     30 countries will attend this truly
                                                     interdisciplinary event. The conference will
                                                     feature over 130 papers, drawing from the field
                                                     of critical tourism studies and related approaches
                                                     in the social sciences and humanities, and
development and the complexity of their inter-       focusing upon the multi-faceted relationships
relationships. This covered four aspects: i)         between tourism and material culture – the built
culture, heritage and diversity as tourism           environment, consumer and household goods,
resources; ii) cultural tourism as a form of         art, souvenirs, ephemera and landscapes. The
economic development; iii) tourism as a vehicle      conference will address issues including: the
for intercultural dialogue and cross-cultural        political economy of tourist objects; aesthetics;
understanding and; iv) tourism and                   the ethics of display; memory; the design and
environmental protection. Second, issues of          fabrication of tourism materiality; the experience
governance were examined in relation to the          of the built world, objects in tourist ‘contact
When Leeds Met the CTCC
For those of you that have not heard, the Centre         beauty, rich in wildlife and cultural heritage.     Monuments! The cultural vibrancy of Leeds is
for Tourism and Cultural Change (CTCC)                   The history of Leeds dates back to Saxon times,     reflected in the presence of the West Yorkshire
relocated to Leeds Metropolitan University               but the City really developed as the wool trade     Playhouse, Opera North, the Northern Ballet
(Leeds Met) in 2006 and is delighted to be part of       flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries. Daniel   Theatre and the Headingley Carnegie Stadium -
one of the UK’s largest and most dynamic                 Defoe, in his ‘A Tour Thro' the Whole Island of     home of international test cricket and the Rugby
universities with a tradition of providing               Great Britain’ (1722) recognised Leeds to be; “a    League team, the Leeds Rhinos. Leeds is also the
undergraduate and postgraduate education in the          large, wealthy and populous town.”                  home of the Leeds International Pianoforte
tourism, culture, heritage and related fields. With                                                          Competition, the Leeds International Concert
over 53,000 students and 3,500 staff the                 Today the City is able to display a rich and        Season (the largest local authority music
University provides a vibrant and creative               diverse architectural heritage with outstanding     programme in the country), and several major
environment for the interdisciplinary and                Victorian buildings such as the Town Hall, the      international festivals.
international research agenda of the CTCC. The           Corn Exchange, its grand arcades and City
philosophy of Leeds Met is one of working                Market, but also stylish and challenging new        The CTCC regularly welcomes researchers from
‘beyond boundaries’ and ‘building partnerships’          buildings such as Bridgewater Place. Across the     all parts of the world as part of our ongoing
which fits perfectly with the approach of the            City there are some 3,300 listed Buildings, 63      partnership building. For further information
CTCC. In line with the spirit and vision of Leeds        Conservation Areas, 13 Registered Historic Parks    please contact us at
Met, the CTCC is active in developing                    & Gardens and 58 Scheduled Ancient
partnerships across the University, within the City
of Leeds, the wider region and beyond.

On being in such an exciting new location, CTCC
Director Mike Robinson comments: “The key to
understanding the global phenomenon of tourism,
in all of its guises and at all levels, is to take an
interdisciplinary approach. This is part of the core
philosophy of the CTCC. In addition to
intellectual rigour, this requires an openness of
mind and the ability to share ideas and
approaches. We are delighted to be working with
a range of research centres and research active
individuals across Leeds Met. The capacity this
gives us, in addition to our international
networks, makes Leeds Met a leading world hub
for critical tourism studies.”

The Centre offices are located in the historic Old
School Board building (pictured) in the Civic
Quarter of Leeds. Now part of Leeds Met’s
impressive array of buildings throughout the City,
this listed heritage building which dates from
1878, was formerly the headquarters and
examination centre of the Leeds School Board.
Our neighbours are Leeds City Art Gallery, home
to one of the most outstanding collections of 20th
Century British art outside of London, and the
Henry Moore Institute; a centre for the study and
exhibition of sculpture.

Leeds itself is the regional centre of Yorkshire
with a metropolitan district population of some
725,000. The City, with its two universities, is a
vibrant and diverse cultural centre consisting of a
main urban area, parklands and countryside, and a
number of small towns and neighbourhoods,
many of which have their own distinct cultural
identities. The City is also close to the Yorkshire
Dales National Park; an area of great natural
                                                                                                                                CTCC Offices at the Old School Board, Leeds

Continued from page one

As part of a busy social programme for the               Schwarzer, Chair of Visual Studies and              published widely on architecture in transnational
conference we have arranged a study visit to             Architecture at California College of the Arts,     and tourism contexts, will give a keynote paper
Saltaire, a 19th century industrial village, listed as   USA. Mark, a former Director of the National        on Architectural Vacation Packages.
a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which features             Museums of Scotland heads up one of the world’s
the impressive 1853 Gallery containing the               greatest museums of art and design. The Museum      For further details of the conference, a list of
largest collection of art in Europe by David             currently features a diverse range of exhibitions   conference papers and registration information
Hockney.                                                 including: the evolving image of Kylie Minogue      please visit the CTCC website www.tourism-
We are pleased that our keynote speakers for this        (Kylie—The Exhibition) and; the shadows of or contact us at
event are Mark Jones, the Director of the Victoria       slave trading in contemporary art & design
& Albert Museum, London and Mitchell                     (Uncomfortable Truths). Mitchell, who has

Forthcoming Events
Journeys of Expression Conference Series:
Goes from Strength to Strength
Back in 2002, the CTCC held its first conference         The conference is in partnership with and is being             programme. We are also cooperating with Dr
on the multi-layered relationships which exist           hosted by the City Council of the historic City of             Max Farrar, Leeds Metropolitan University’s
between festivals and tourism/tourists. Over the         York in the UK. As with so many cities across                  Community Partnerships Manager and an expert
years each conference, hosted by cities such as          Europe, York is witnessing a growth in its                     on the background and development of the Leeds
Bonn, Innsbruck, Vienna, Dubrovnik and Belfast,          diasporic communities and is looking to                        Carnival. Max’s vivid photograph of the carnival
has sought to address different facets of these          understand the way that both festivals and                     provides the image for the conference.
relationships and each event has contributed to a        associated tourism are part of the local
fascinating and critical discussion on festivity and     development process. The conference is also                    For further details on the conference please
tourism. Now we are at Journeys of Expression            involving the York Unified Multicultural                       contact Dr. Philip Long
VI and the subject of our conference will be             Initiative, Leeds Carnival organisers, European                (
Diaspora Community Festivals and Tourism                 Mela Network and UK Government Department
(October 4-6, 2007).                                     of Communities and Local Government in the

The enforced, encouraged or voluntary
movement, migration and dispersion of
people is reflected in the family backgrounds, life
histories and cultural practices of communities in
many countries, regions and cities worldwide.
Mobilities associated with the processes of
globalisation are demonstrably, if unevenly,
contributing to an acceleration of migration for
more or less permanent, official and legal
settlement of people beyond their ‘homelands’.
Tourism has also grown substantially and
unevenly in recent years, with tourists
increasingly encouraged to attend and participate
in ‘exotic’ and ‘characteristically authentic’
displays of community life in destinations visited.
Such tourism typically features the packaging,
promotion and consumption of diaspora
community neighbourhoods, food and shopping
and importantly festivals and cultural events.
These relationships between diaspora
communities, festivity, cultural events and
tourism are of considerable interest to academic
researchers, as well as for arts, social, cultural and
tourism policy makers and practitioners and will
be the focus of our sixth international gathering.                            Sarah Bryant in a costume designed by Hughbon Condor, Leeds West Indian Carnival, August 2006. Photo: Max Farrar

Exploring Tourism: Issues in PhD Research
Tourism is an increasingly popular topic of PhD          (University of Sheffield) and Dr Richard Prentice   Also in 2008 the CTCC will continue to provide a
research around the world. This is testimony to          (University of Strathclyde) to provide an insight   forum for young tourism researchers through a
both the importance of tourism in many cultures,         into current research within the interdisciplinary  series of workshops that address Key Concepts in
and to the fact that we still have a great deal to       field of tourism and offer support for the various  Tourism and Cultural Change. Initially these
learn about tourism and its many impacts. To             stages of PhD research.                             workshops will focus on the four concepts of:
discuss approaches to researching tourism a                                                                  Representation, Experience, Exchange and
conference is being organised by young                   As part of this conference, The Institute of Travel Memory.
researchers at the Centre for Tourism and                and Tourism (ITT) will award one of the
Cultural Change and the International Centre for         presenters with the ITT Award for Outstanding       For further information on these workshops
Responsible Tourism. The event is being held at          PhD Research Presentation.                          please contact Birgit Braasch at the CTCC
Leeds Metropolitan University on 28 - 30 June                                                      
2007 and will bring together PhD students in             For further details of the event and with regard to
tourism and related subjects from around the             future events please contact: Birgit Braasch at the
world to present their work in progress, to              CTCC (
network, and to share and exchange experiences.
The conference will allow for seminars to discuss        PhD students studying tourism will meet again at
research and will feature keynote speakers               the 2008 PhD Networking Conference, to be held
including; Professor Keith Hollinshead                   at Bournemouth University’s School of Services
(University of Bedfordshire), Dr Simone Abram            Management.

Researching Destination Management, Policy and Planning:
Linking Culture, Heritage and Tourism (Riga, Latvia)
For developing destinations showcasing cultural
and environmental assets for tourist
consumption is a vital topic in the former Soviet
Baltic states where tourism has emerged as an
important economic sector in recent years. The
Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change is
pleased to be working with the Ministry of
Economics of the Republic of Latvia /
Department of Tourism Development,
University of Latvia and European Union of
Tourist Officers in the organisation of a major
research conference that will take place in Riga,
24-25 September 2007.

Culture(s) and heritage, both tangible and
intangible are at the heart of the visitor
experience of destinations. At the level of
policy making and planning, the importance of
destinations’ unique and distinctive cultural
attributes for the tourism sector is commonly
articulated, at least rhetorically. The management
of cultural and heritage assets for tourism is also a
critical issue for destinations. However, working
connections and collaboration between agencies
and stakeholders in these domains are often
weakly developed in practice. Inter-disciplinary
research at the interface of the complex                                                                                                    Old Town Square, Riga, Latvia
linkages between these sectors and professional         professionals in destination management and the       • transnational approaches to and conceptions of
interests has much to contribute to critical,           conference will provide a unique opportunity for          destination planning in urban and rural
reflective debate on key issues affecting the           researchers to share leading edge ideas,                  contexts;
relationships between culture, heritage and             innovations and critical thinking with the            •   community participation in destination
tourism at the destination level. Research in           professional destination manager participants at          development; building sustainable partnerships
destination policy, planning and management also        the European Union of Tourist Officers (EUTO)             and stakeholder relationships between tourism,
explores the competitive opportunities and              Study Visit to Latvia which coincides with the            culture and heritage in destinations;
pressures associated with the emergence of new          conference. There will also be opportunities for
and diverse international tourist markets.              delegates to participate in parts of the EUTO
                                                                                                              •   managing cultural heritage and sensitive sites
                                                                                                                  for tourism;
Such research makes a critical contribution in the                                                            •   competitive advantage, new tourist markets
development of creative and sustainable strategies                                                                and destinations;
                                                        Theoretical and applied issues and themes to be
for the culture, heritage and tourism sectors in        explored at this conference include:               •      new and emerging technologies in destination
destinations. The aim of this conference is to                                                                    representation and marketing;
                                                        • creative uses of cultural and heritage resources
bring together researchers who share interests in
                                                           for tourism;                                    •      and destination image and branding.
destination policy, planning and management in
relation to culture(s), heritage and tourism. These     • cultural events and festivals as animators of
                                                                                                           For further details please contact Dr. Philip Long
research areas are also clearly relevant to                place;

Responsible Tourism in Destinations (Kerala, India)
The CTCC’s sister organisation, the International       will be discussing the progress made around the       For further details and to register go to
Centre for Responsible Tourism (ICRT) in                world since 2002 and looking at Kerala’s efforts
partnership with Kerala Tourism, is organising an       to develop responsible tourism in the state in
international conference on Responsible Tourism         what promises to be a landmark conference. We
in Destinations. The Minister for Tourism and           hope that you will be able to join us to reflect on
Home Affairs, Mr. Kodiyeri Balakrishnan                 experience over the last five years and to debate
announced the conference on February 3rd in             what Responsible Tourism in
Trivandrum at a Kerala workshop on Responsible          Destinations has achieved.
Tourism. The Government of Kerala, in southern          The conference will address
India, has announced its intention to work with         the triple bottom line of
the industry and with local communities to realize      economic, social and environmental
the objective of making Kerala a better place to        responsibility and the business opportunities
live in and a better place to visit. Prof. Harold       for the
Goodwin of the ICRT is co chairing this, the 2nd        industry and communities
International Conference on Responsible Tourism         which tourism can create.
in Destinations following the last event, five
years ago in Cape Town.                                 The conference will provide an excellent
                                                        opportunity to discuss how to move the
The Conference will be held from 20-24th                responsible tourism agenda forward.
September 2007 in Cochin, Kerala. Delegates

Film, Television, Tourism and Regeneration
There are close and increasingly recognised
relationships between the film and television
industries, tourism development and regeneration
programmes across the UK and internationally.
The connections between the ‘real’ and imagined
places shown on screen with tourism promotion,
the development of tourism products and
packages and tourist demand are becoming
widely recognised by destination marketing
agencies and private sector tourism organisations.
However, the relationships between film,
television and tourism are not fully understood
and film tourism has often developed in an ad-
hoc, unplanned and opportunistic way. As core
components of the ‘creative industries’, film,
television and digital sectors also play a key role
in regeneration programmes in cities and regions
across the UK. Many of these regeneration
initiatives connect with tourism through the
visitor economy.

The aim of this conference, which is held in
conjunction with the Leeds International Film
Festival, 15th – 16th November 2007 in Leeds is to
bring together and exchange experience, best
practices and innovations in a number of areas of     Film Festival; Indian International Film Academy      the biggest regional event of its kind in the UK
shared professional interest connecting film and      (in connection with the ‘Bollywood’ Awards –          with a vast programme of more than 350 films
television with tourism and regeneration at local,    see below); UK Film Council; British Film             from over 30 countries. The Film Festival is
regional, national and international scales. A        Institute; Screen Yorkshire;        presented by Leeds City Council which is also
further key aim of this conference is to bring        and Bradford City of Film.                            responsible for Leeds Young People’s Film
together professionals and practitioners from the                                                           Festival, sponsored this year by Leeds
public and private regeneration, tourism, film and    The CTCC is delighted to be collaborating with        Metropolitan University’s Northern Film School.
television sectors and to encourage the               the Leeds International Film Festival in this         For more details email
development of networking and collaboration           conference. The festival runs from 7th – 18th         or visit
between professionals across these sectors.           November 2007 and this year celebrates its 21st
                                                      edition with the largest programme of screenings      For further details on this conference please
The conference will feature invited keynote           and events in its history. Described by The           contact Dr. Philip Long
presentations and panel discussions involving the     Guardian as the ‘Jewel of the North’ and by           (
Rotterdam Film Festival; Lonely Planet Travel         Metro as ‘world-class’, the Film Festival is now

Tourism and Events - Beyond the Bollywood Oscars
The International Indian Film Academy (IIFA)          ones - provide commercial opportunities for small     events and public policy initiatives and; regional
Weekend and Awards Ceremony (the so-called            and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the            costs and benefits of mega events will be
‘Bollywood Oscars’) takes place in Yorkshire in       tourism sector. Indeed, various initiatives have      discussed.
June 2007. The event is made up of a series of        been put in place in the UK and elsewhere to
parties, dinners, a film premiere, a celebrity        encourage SME benefits. Yet, there has been little    For further details of this event please contact:
cricket match and culminates in the awards            careful reflection and debate about how such or check our website
ceremony itself. This four day ‘weekend’ costs an     enterprises might connect with regional, national
estimated £5million to stage, of which £2million      or international events.
is being provided by the Regional Development
Agency (Yorkshire Forward).                             It is against this backdrop that a conference is
                                                        being organised by CTCC member Professor
It is anticipated, officially at least, that there will Rhodri Thomas to examine the implications of
be a world-wide audience of some 300 – 400              major (and minor) events for SMEs and the
million and that additional visitors to the region      tourism and events sector. The conference will be
will generate some £10m to the regional                 held at Leeds Metropolitan University, 6-7
economy. During the past five years the awards          December, 2007. Within the conference themes
have been held in Dubai, Singapore,                     such as: Defining and categorising event SMEs;
Johannesburg, Genting Highlands (Malaysia) and creating networks for growth; lifestyle
Amsterdam. It is often argued that events and           entrepreneurship in the tourism and events
festivals such as these - and much less ambitious sectors; SMEs in the cultural and heritage sectors;

Sharing Ideas – Generating Discussion: The CTCC Guest
Lecture Programme

                                                                                                                   Tim Edensor presenting at the CTCC Guest Lecture Series

In line with our aims of disseminating knowledge    of what might be called the industrial archaeology variety of countries that provide a source of
and ideas, of stimulating debate and challenging    of tourism in the rebranding and regeneration of   identity building and cultural renewal for local
and informing policy, the CTCC organises an         long-established tourist destinations.             communities.
annual public programme of guest lectures in the
heart of Leeds in the Old School Board at Leeds     Dr Rosaleen Duffy, Convenor of the Society and       Professor Keith Hollinshead, Department of
Met University. Our audiences include               Environmental Research Group (SERG),                 Tourism, Leisure & Sport Management,
academics, young researchers, policy makers and     Manchester University in her lecture                 University of Bedfordshire takes as his title
practitioners from the Yorkshire region and         Neoliberalising Nature? Ecotourism, Community        Transitionality Unrecognised: Tourism and the
beyond.                                             Based Natural Resource Management and                Figments of Tradition Making, in which he
                                                    Development examines the way in which market-        addresses matters of traditionality as they apply
During the course of 2007 our programme             based systems of environmental and economic          to ‘the real’ and ‘the fake’ worlds.
includes a fascinating line up of speakers from     management are now part of development
across the disciplines who are able to share with   agendas.                                             Dr Stan Frankland, Department of Social
us the very latest research and their own                                                                Anthropology, University of St Andrews
challenging perspectives on tourism and cultural    Dr Tim Edensor of the Department of                  presents on Holidays in other peoples’ misery:
change.                                             Environmental and Geographical Sciences, at          reconfiguring authenticity within the moral
                                                    Manchester Metropolitan University in a              economy of pity and examines the different
These include:                                      lecture entitled The bus tour: the intersection of   moralities of travel as a way of distinguishing the
                                                    tourist and rural rhythm, looks at the               ‘third world’ playgrounds of the backpacker from
Dr Alison Phipps, Director, Graduate School for     multiple, intersecting and changing rhythms          the exotic poverty of the ‘underdeveloped’.
Education, at the University of Glasgow looking     produced by a well-worn tourist bus excursion        Our guest lecture programme is developing all the
at Languages and Tourism: Learning the Arts of      around the highly symbolic Ring of Kerry in the      time and if you can make it along you will be
Linguistic Survival and what happens when           West of Ireland.                                     most welcome. We ask only that you contact us
tourists learn to speak other languages.                                                                 first to confirm dates and details.
                                                    Dr Maurice Roche, of the, Department of
Dr Franco Bianchini, Director, Cultural Planning    Sociological Studies, Sheffield University, in his   For more information please contact:
Research Unit, De Montfort University exploring     presentation Mega-Events, Tourism and the   or visit www.tourism-
the Changing Nature of Local Distinctiveness and    Media, examines the touristic aspects of ‘mega-
the implications of this for cultural and tourism   event’ genres of popular culture, particularly
strategies.                                         Worlds Fairs and Olympic Games.

Professor John Walton, Professor of Social          Professor Joy Hendry, Director of The Europe
History at the University of Central Lancashire,    Japan Research Centre, Oxford Brookes
under the title of Tourism, History, Heritage and   University looks at Tourism as a Resource for
Regeneration examines the increasing importance     Cultural Healing, offering cases of tourism in a

Conference Reviews
Tourism in the Context of Shifting Boundaries
Against the backdrop of disastrous and persistent    between tourists and hosts could create genuine                           with those around and is able to project his or her
regional conflict, a conference of specially         possibilities for the understanding of and the                            own humanity. These spaces are constructed not
invited guests was held in Amman, Jordan in          coping with ‘difference’. In Mike’s words:                                through grand projects or structures but as
February 2007 to question the fixidity of            “Tourists do not just occupy spaces they create                           moments of simple recognition of difference.”
East/West boundaries in both historical and          them for the purposes of negotiation, reflection
contemporary terms. The conference on Shifting       and understanding; to overcome their angst.                               For further information on the conference please
Boundaries was organised by the Council for          These are the ‘spaces of mediation’ or moments                            visit:
British Research in the Levant (through              of belonging, when the tourist attains empathy
convenors Professor Bill Finlayson and Dr Rami
Daher) and the Royal Institute for Interfaith
Studies, and was supported and attended by H. R.
H. Prince El Hassan bin Talal, brother of the late
King Hussein.

The event brought together a group of invited
participants from different backgrounds and
disciplines to debate and challenge some of the
popular perceptions of division between ‘East’
and ‘West’ that are often encouraged, for
example, in modern journalism. By examining
the long sweep of history from the ancient world
to the present day the conference revealed that
there is nothing fixed or inevitable about these

Director of the CTCC, Mike Robinson, was
privileged to give the keynote speech/public
lecture at this prestigious event. Mike focused
upon contemporary tourism as a mechanism for
intercultural dialogue and ways in which touristic
exchange can assist in the mediation/re-
evaluation of perceptual boundaries between
Europe and what is popularly understood as the
‘Middle East’. Mike argued that the often angst-
                                                       Front row-from left to right: Dr Barbara Porter, Director, American Center of Oriental Research; Prof. Mike Robinson, CTCC; Prof. Bill Finlay-
ridden moments of encounter and exchange               son, Director, CBRL; HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal; Matt Brewer, Library Officer CBRL; James Watt, British Ambassador to Jordan

 Tourism in Asia:
 New Trends, New Perspectives
 Some 20 countries across Europe and Asia were       from Asia. There were excellent debates and
 represented at this important conference            networking opportunities and participants came
 addressing the theme of Tourism in Asia. The        away with a much greater understanding of the
 conference was held at Leeds Metropolitan           potential and challenges of tourism in Asia.
 University in June. The event drew almost 100
 participants from 20 countries across Europe        For further information, please contact Janet
 and Asia. Panel themes included strategic uses      Cochrane (
 of tourism as a development tool, emerging
 markets, analyses of socio-cultural aspects, and
 industry and market responses to tourism
 diversification and growth in Asia. A related
 seminar aimed at the UK inbound sector
 examined ways of preparing for new markets

Hyper—Tourism in Bangkok
The Tenth Conference of the International            and inheritance, form an essential part of the       imaginings and ideals that fuel tourism
Association for the Study of Traditional             tourist search for difference and distinction        development and touristic practice.
Environments (IASTE) was held in Bangkok,            dressed, to varying extents, in romanticised
Thailand, in December 2006. 15 – 18, 2006.           narratives. In this vein, tradition has become       The themes of the CTCC’s session included:
Opened by Her Royal Highness Princess                                                                     • the real, unreal and surreal tourist destination;
Mahachakri Sirindhorn, and featuring an array of                                                          • touristic experiences of hyper-heritages;
internationally known keynote speakers, the event
focused upon the concept of 'hyper-tradition' and
                                                                                                          • dislocation of tourists from the travel process;
explored the far-reaching transformations brought                                                         • mindscapes and mediascapes - communicating
by globalization that require not only a                                                                    hyper-traditions to tourists;
recalibration of the idea of tradition, but also a                                                        • celebrating the changing of tradition -
substantial repositioning within a shifting                                                                 festivals, tourism and hyper-events; the new
intellectual environment.                                                                                   economies of hyper-tourism.

As part of the IASTE event, the Centre for                                                                The CTCC was delighted to have worked with
Tourism and Cultural Change organised a session                                                           IASTE based at the University of California
that discussed the notion of 'hyper-tourism' and                                                          Berkeley in this conference, and can highly
the ways in which the notion of tradition is being                                                        recommend IASTE conferences as stimulating
re-worked in the context of international travel                                                          and enjoyable events. The next IASTE
and tourism. The CTCC in association with                                                                 conference will be held in Oxford in December
IASTE, invited papers which addressed the ways                                                            2008 when the theme will be ‘Interrogating
that the concept of tradition is being transformed                                                        Tradition’.
in, and by tourism and tourists around the three
axes of the conference - From Simulated Space to                                                          For further details of IASTE and future events
“Real” Tradition, Hyper-Traditions and “Real”                                                             please visit:
Places, and Identity, Heritage, and Migration.                                                  
The concept of tradition is embedded in the very
nature of travel and tourism. Long standing
customs and patterns of behaviour, together with strategically and tactically mobilised within the
tangible manifestations of continuity, consistency global political economy, circulating as images,

Thinking Through Tourism:
Association of Social Anthropologists Conference
It was clear from attending the annual conference    Place: The Transformation of Chios' Mastiha into     Politics of Touristic Fantasies and Fanta
of the Association of Social Anthropologists         a Global Commodity; Dr Liana Chua (Cambridge         Orange for the Ancestors: Ingesting the 'Mad'
(ASA) that scholarly interest in tourism has never   University), presenting on ‘Un-cultural' Objects     Stranger in Southwest Madagascar in a panel
been as strong. The event, held at London            in a 'Cultural' Space: The Disruption of Tourist     addressing hospitality, culture and society.
Metropolitan University, April 2007, was an          Expectations in a Bornean Village Museum; Dr         Valerio Simoni presented a further paper on
occasion to explore anthropological perspectives     Michelle Flikke, (Oslo University College)           From Ethnographer to Tourist and Back Again:
on tourism, and also to mobilise tourism as a way    addressing the paper Cuban Museums and Afro-         Shifting Subjectivities and Positioning Strategies
of ‘thinking through’ anthropology.                  Cuban Heritage Production in Socialist Cuba;         in the Anthropology of Tourism (with Scott
                                                     and Valerio Simoni (Leeds Metropolitan               McCabe) in a panel which explored ethnography
As part of the conference, Professor Mike            University, CTCC) presenting on Cigars as            in tourist research.
Robinson, and CTCC Visiting Research Fellow,         Mediators: Tobacco and its Deployments with
Dr Alison Phipps from the University of              Tourists in Cuba.
Glasgow, organised a panel entitled: Focal Points
and Talking Points: Objects of Desire in Tourism.    All the papers meshed nicely together and in their
In anticipation of the CTCC’s annual research        own ways discussed the social and political
conference on Material Culture and Tourism, this     orchestrations / constructions of the material
panel sought to examine the ways in which            world and the ways in which culture is ‘owned’,
contact/encounter with the material world ‘in        together with how such objects and tourists are
visu’ and ‘in situ’ generates, mediates and          positioned / juxtaposed, can expose or obscure
challenges tourism and tourist narratives and        truths and silences.
                                                     Dr David Picard of the CTCC also presented two
The panel, which was very well attended indeed,      papers at the ASA conference based upon his
featured the fascinating work of four academics:     work in the Indian Ocean: Allegorical Gardens:
Dr Vasiliki Galani-Moutafi (University of the        Tourism Liturgy and the Making of Tropical
Aegean) who presented on Packaging Nature and        Insularity in a panel discussing the Cultural

Steel Cities: A    Journeys of                                                                                  In Honour of ‘our’
Shining Example of Expressions V:                                                                               Elvi Whittaker
Partnership        Tourism and the
                                                                                                                Tributes are expressions of esteem, respect and
                                                                                                                thanks to others who have ‘made a difference’.

                   Roots/ Routes of
                                                                                                                They can also be awkward occasions. However,
                                                                                                                any sense of awkwardness was swiftly absorbed
                                                                                                                by genuine feelings of warmth, humour and great
                   Religious Festivity                                                                          affection during a special session organised in
                                                                                                                honour of Professor Elvi Whittaker and her work
                                                                                                                during the 66th Annual Conference of the Society
                                                                                                                for Applied Anthropology, held in Vancouver,
                                                                                                                Canada in 2006.

                                                                                                                Elvi Whittaker is a Visiting Professor with the
                                                                                                                Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change and a
                                                                                                                long time supporter of the Centre’s work,
                                                                                                                attending many of its conferences and
                                                                                                                contributing to publications over the years. The
                                                                                                                half-day session entitled ‘Bridging Ethnography,
Held in June 2006 at Sheffield University, the                                                                  Theory and Practice: In Honour of Elvi Whittaker
international conference on Steel Cities:                                                                       as a Mentor and Colleague’ was organised thanks
Tradition, Transition and Transformation was a                                                                  to Patricia Lee of the University of British
resounding success. With keynote addresses by                                                                   Colombia and Shelly Ruth Butler from McGill
Professor Wolfgang Christ, Professor of Design          In this, the fifth of our established Journeys of       University and featured thirteen papers dealing
and Urban Planning at the Bauhaus University –          Expression conference series, held in Belfast,          with many issues in anthropology and
Weimar, and former UK Government Home                   Northern Ireland in March 2006 discussions              ethnography relating to Elvi’s work and interests.
Secretary David Blunkett, and over 70 delegates         centred on touristic practices in relation to forms     Presenters ranged from Elvi’s former students and
from around the world, the event provided a             of traditional and contemporary religious               long time academic and professional colleagues.
unique opportunity to discuss how steel regions         festivity. The conference theme was highly
have coped with the rapid and often dramatic            relevant as the event was scheduled to coincide
changes that have affected them over recent             with the first St. Patrick’s Day celebrations to be
decades. The heritage of steel and the way this         supported by Belfast City Council. The
has fed diversification into tourism has been an        conference was hosted by the City in the splendid
important, albeit often problematic, strategy for       surroundings of Belfast City Hall which was
communities, cities and regions seeking to cope         marking its 150th anniversary. Our event also
with decline and loss in steel and related              connected with the annual International Festivals
production. Delegates from across Europe, the           and Events Association conference that followed
USA and Australia discussed the various                 immediately after Journeys of Expression,
relationships between steel and place, people,          allowing for interaction and dialogue between
language, art and the media.                            festivals researchers, policy makers and                       Mike Robinson and Elvi Whittaker, Professor of Anthropology,
                                                        practitioners.                                                           University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

                                                        Papers included work that examined the meanings
                                                        and roots of religious festivity within the context       Throughout the well attended session, each
                                                        of tourism and related studies, the ways by which         presenter reflected Elvi’s concern for her subject,
                                                        tourists arrive at, and consume religious festivity,      fieldwork, ethics, policy, and in particular, social
                                                        and the ways in which touristic practice                  justice and ‘giving voice’. CTCC Director, Mike
                                                        encounters, and in some instances shapes, the             Robinson was proud to be one of the presenters in
                                                        religious.                                                this special session dedicated to Elvi and her
                                                                                                                  work. His paper, ‘Being Part Of: Passing Words
Mike Robinson and Jan Gaijerstam, Royal Institute of Technology, Leeds Met was well represented at the conference and Lasting Contacts’, reflected on the way that
Stockholm, Sweden                                                with papers presented by: Alexandra Arellano,    academics work and connect in the liminal spaces
                                                                 Reconfiguring the Roots/Routes of the Sacred:    of conferences and the legacies this has in terms
                                                                 The Tourist’s Quest for the Lost Vagabond;       of work and friendships. Mike touched upon the
The event was organised by the Centre for                                                                         relationship which has developed with Elvi
                                                                 Jackie Mulligan, Festivals and Carnivals:
Tourism and Cultural Change with its partner the                                                                  Whittaker over the years with regard to her work
                                                                 Centring the Visitor - Promoting A Sense of
National Centre for English Cultural Tradition                                                                    on the tourism and culture interface and through
                                                                 Spirituality in the Caribbean and Phil Long,
(NACECT), based at Sheffield University and
                                                                 Jubilee and the Divine Routes of Kings: Royalty, her inputs into CTCC conferences. It was clear to
directed by Professor Joan Beal. The CTCC looks                                                                   all at this special session, the important
                                                                 Tourism and Ceremonial. Papers were also
forward to developing further work in partnership
                                                                 presented by colleagues from Australia and North contributions Elvi has, and continues to make,
with NACECT (                                                                             and the deep affection in which she is held by all.
                                                                 America as well as from across Europe.
                                                                                                                  The CTCC looks forward to many more years of
For information about the conference please                                                                       working with Professor Elvi Whittaker.

 On Tour in the USA: Sharing Ideas and Advancing Research
 Networks in ‘Volun-Tourism’

                                                               fact that New Orleans was referred to by non-                  neighbourhoods. But as they come to help and
                                                               local Americans repetitively as “Third World”                  to experience the place, they also enter a space
                                                               and “not part of America”. This “othering” of                  of ambiguity about their roles, their power and
                                                               the city and her inhabitants was usually                       their gazes on the city and its poorer
                                                               followed by critical remarks on the way the                    inhabitants. Similar to the post-colonial space
                                                               Bush administration has treated the city after                 in Nairobi, the mobile volunteers are middle
                                                               Katrina. However, by placing New Orleans                       class White students while the local population
                                                               outside the rest of the USA, social inequalities               in the troubled areas of New Orleans is largely
                                                               and injustice experienced by the local                         African American.
                                                               population were explained geographically
                                                               rather than politically. In this sense discursive              The problems and issues involved with Volun-
                                                               practises can take part in maintaining                         tourism at both sites may be viewed in the
                                                               inequalities by naturalizing them, just like the               larger context of ‘global social work’, a term
                                                               talk of the “third world” does in respect of                   used extensively to describe global practises of
                                                               African countries.                                             solidarity and aid in the CUPID Networking
                                                                                                                              Meeting at Columbia University. The emergent
                                                            There was also a related parallel between travel                  practises of global social work in the leisure
                                                            practises and forms of activist mobility in                       sector could then be described accordingly as a
                                                            Nairobi and in New Orleans. The emergent                          global volunteer sector, where desire and
                                                            phenomenon of ‘Volun-tourism’, the organized                      determination to work for global justice has to
                                                            combination of volunteer work with travel                         face the ongoing questions of colonial gazes,
                                                            experience could be used to describe both                         patronizing zeal and the unconscious
                                                            cases. In Fabian’s research project in Nairobi a                  reminiscences of the “white man’s burden”. At
                                     Fabian Frenzel on tour specific case of Volun-tourism, as it is practised                the same time tourism operators have picked up
 Fabian Frenzel visited the United States this              by political activists in the name of                             on the trend to Volun-tourism and a quick
 spring to attend and present papers at three               transnational solidarity open questions about                     commercial development of the idea is
 conferences reflecting different aspects of his            the power relations present in encounters that                    observable. This tense new field in the world of
 research. The tour took him to the annual                  take place in post-colonial places. In the case of                tourism requires thorough investigation.
 meeting of the Popular Culture Association in              New Orleans Volun-Tourism became a big
 Boston, to the Society of the Anthropology of              factor in America’s middle classes reaction to           To discuss aspects of Volun-tourism, please
 Northern America (SANA) spring meeting in                  the city’s crises. Since Katrina thousands of            contact Fabian at or
 New Orleans and finally to the Brown                       college students have been travelling to the             contribute to the new blog on the issues
 University Graduate Conference in Providence, ‘Big Easy’ often during college holydays like               
 Rhode Island. As well as attending three                   spring break and helped in rebuilding the city
 conferences, Fabian visited a tourism study                or in social projects in the affected
 group colloquium meeting at the University of
 California, Berkeley and a lecture by renowned
 economics professor Joseph E. Stiglitz, who
 spoke at Columbia University Partnership for
 International Development (Cupid) networking
 event in New York. Fabian also observed the
 United States in a broader ethnographic sense,
 gaining a flavour of a country and its cultures
 that so importantly influences global thinking
 and imagining. Fabian’s “conference-tourism”
 resulted in a lot of new connections to people
 and places. Outstanding on both a professional
 and tourist level was the experience of Post-
 Katrina New Orleans. The SANA conference
 Fabian attended here was themed “unnatural
 disasters”, focusing on various aspects of how
 human agency plays out in the reception,
 reaction and reflection of the catastrophe.
 Fabian’s panel was organised by Karen
 Brodkin, a professor of anthropology at the
 University of California, Los Angeles. He
 presented a paper about global justice activists
 and their travel practises focusing to the case of
 the World Social Forum in Nairobi, Kenya.
 Fabian observed that there were striking
 similarities structurally to the situation on
 display in New Orleans to what he found in
 Nairobi. The initial similarity has to do with the Malik Ramin of the Common Ground Collective points out men made Causes to the Levee breaks in New Orleans to a group of Volun-Tourists

Research News
Archaeology’s Role in Tourism Development in Jordan

                                                                                 CTCC Visiting Fellow Dr Rami Daher discussing archaeological interventions in North West Jordan

For over 200 years, tourism in Bilad al Sham    contemporary role of archaeology in the                   (formal and informal) which exist for shared
(taken here as chiefly comprising Jordan, Syria development of tourism in Bilad al Sham,                  discourse, knowledge sharing and exchange.
and Lebanon) has largely been based upon a      initially focusing on Jordan. The research will
select number of well developed archaeological  address four inter-related themes: First, the             The project fits with the CBRL’s strategic
/ 'heritage' sites. Over recent decades, the    historical relations between archaeology and the          research programme on ‘Exploring Identities in
symbolic value of these sites has increased     development of 'organised' tourism and related            the Levant’ and it is hoped that the research will
significantly and tourism is well recognised as a
                                                infrastructure. Here emphasis will be upon the            increase understanding of the relationships
major driver for economic growth, social well-  varying levels of involvement of archaeological           which exist between archaeology and tourism in
being, and as an instrument of inter-cultural   organisations in the development of tourism               a rapidly changing environment. Though the
dialogue across the region despite on-going     overlain by the genealogy of wider national               project will initially focus on Jordan, it is hoped
troubles. European / non Arab archaeologists    interests and alliances. Second, the emergence of         the research can be extended into Syria and
have variously played a critical role in the    'heritage' tourism and various models of                  Lebanon in the future.
development, management and interpretation of   valorisation of heritage from both the
Middle East heritage sites, and are de facto    archaeological perspective and that of state and          For further information please                            contact:
stakeholders in the shaping of contemporary     private sector development policies. Third, the 
tourist patterns, flows and images of their ‘host’
                                                public perceptions of tourism/ archaeology
countries. But what of their role today in shaping
                                                relations focusing on the representations of              For more details on the work of the Council for
tourism development and its management?         archaeology as a practice and profession (noting          British Research in the Levant please visit:
                                                the variations within archaeology), and its     
A new project funded by the Council for British influence within the tourism sector - inside and
Research in the Levant (CBRL), and directed by outside of Jordan. And fifth, the influence of
Mike Robinson of the CTCC, seeks to begin an archaeology in the tourism development (policy
inter-disciplinary programme of research to     and implementation) process taking into account
develop a critical perspective on the           the variation in the structures and mechanisms

 Screen Tourism — The Images that Move Us
                                                                                                                       to journey to the locations – real and re-
                                                                                                                       created – which are featured? Why are such
                                                                                                                       filmic representations of the world so
                                                                                                                       important to us as tourists? What of those
                                                                                                                       screen representations which produce the
                                                                                                                       effect of not wanting to visit a destination?
                                                                                                                       These and many other questions form an
                                                                                                                       increasingly important element of the
                                                                                                                       CTCC’s research. Phil Long, Mike
                                                                                                                       Robinson, Daniela Carl, Sang-Kyun Kim and
                                                                                                                       Martin Evans of the CTCC are engaged in
                                                                                                                       developing this important area of research,
                                                                                                                       working on themes relating to the impact of
                                                                                                                       ‘blockbuster’ movies such as ‘The Lord of
                                                                                                                       the Rings’ to Korean television serialised

                                                                                                                       In the screen tourism field there is a diverse
                                                                                                                       range of policy and professional practice
                                                                                                                       involving the film and television industries,
                                                                                                                       tourism development and regeneration
                                                         Philip Long at the Screen Tourism Conference, BAFTA, London   programmes across the UK and
 Images of tourist destinations circulate            organisations. As core components of the                          internationally. The connections between
 around the world. However, the vast majority        ‘creative industries’, film, television and                       ‘real’ and imagined places shown on screen
 are freely circulated not via the tourism           digital sectors and their associated festivals                    with tourism promotion and packages and
 sector but through the films and television         also play a key role in regeneration                              tourist demand and experiences are now
 programmes that are watched by millions.            programmes in cities and regions across the                       widely recognised by destination marketing
 However, the tourism sector has not been            UK and abroad.                                                    agencies and private sector tourism
 slow in developing promotional strategies                                                                             organisations. The CTCC is also engaged
 and packages which tap into the public love         However, the relationships between the                            with this area of practice through its
 of film. The connections between ‘real’ and         outputs from the large and small screen and                       organisation of a major conference aimed at a
 imagined places shown on screen are now             tourism are still little understood. When                         professional audience to take place alongside
 widely recognised by destination marketing          watching a television drama, or Hollywood                         the Leeds International Film Festival (Future
 agencies and private sector tourism                 blockbuster, what exactly is it that moves us                     Events section).

 Valuing the
                                                     pressures for it to become a delivery mechanism
                                                     for a range of socio-economic and political
                                                     Focusing on 'heritage of the recent past' the first
 Environment                                         meeting produced stimulating debate on the
                                                     social impacts of heritage-based regeneration,
 In January Professor Ian Strange of the Centre      the power of non-material heritage in the
 for Urban Development and Environmental             production of place, as well as heritage and the
 Management (CUDEM) attended the first               place of criticism. One challenge now is to
 meeting of a new EPSRC, ESRC, AHRC, and             translate such debate into research programmes
 English Heritage funded research network on         that analyse the consequences of the contingent
 Valuing the Historic Environment.                   nature of heritage value for people and places.

 This network (of which CUDEM is a core              Heritage and cultural tourism agencies and
 partner), is designed to bring together academics   tourists themselves are key actors in
 and practitioners with research and policy          (re)conceptualisations and representations of
 interests in the historic environment focussing     heritages of both the distant and recent past and
 on heritage 'values'. The network starts from the   the CTCC takes a keen interest in this project.
 premise that heritage values are culturally and
 historically constructed and, over the next         For further information please contact Ian
 twelve months, will explore a range of issues       Strange at
 such as: the implications for preservation of
 pluralist frameworks of value; the practicalities
 of managing uncertainty and fluidity that is a
 consequence of pluralist conceptions of heritage;
 and the problem of balancing a responsive,
 democratic conception of heritage alongside

Cold War Heritage in Yorkshire, United Kingdom
                                                      Whilst the memory of the Cold War becomes          installations. Secondly, since scheduled
                                                      increasingly historic, the physical remains of its monument assessments are managed nationally,
                                                      preparations are visible throughout the            the local evaluation of heritage sites by specific
                                                      landscape of Yorkshire. This assemblage of         communities is relatively untried. Finally,
                                                      Cold War heritage is increasingly recognised by    although the Cold War is studied as part of
                                                      English Heritage. The management and               History in schools we know little of what the
                                                      interpretation of these sites is debated by        Cold War means to young people today. These
                                                      academics and heritage managers. Some sites        three issues will be explored in a project being
                                                      are open to the public and form unusual tourist    developed by Dr. Ed Walley of CUDEM for
                                                      destinations for special interest groups.          submission to the regional Heritage Lottery
                                                                                                         Fund based on a partnership of Leeds
                                                      Consequently, debates about Cold War Heritage Metropolitan University, regional heritage
                                                      tend to focus on the conservation, preservation agencies and community groups.
                                                      and management of structures. An outcome of
                                                      this is that three areas are relatively neglected, For further information please contact Ed
                                                      particularly at a regional level. First, is the    Walley at
                                                      importance of the memories of contemporary
                                                      actors and communities - the serving personnel
                                                      and residents of villages adjacent to military
                              Cold War Bunker, York

‘Life is better Downhome’:
Newfoundland Diaspora Media, Identity and Tourism
Migration from Newfoundland, Canada,                   means to live in and hail from the east coast.’      of Canada and the Federal Government in
largely as a consequence of economic                   The magazine is thus an important medium             particular. Phil Long’s research is exploring
pressures following the decline of the Grand           in encouraging connectivity and                      the origin and background to Downhome
Banks fishery has been a social phenomenon             communication with the Newfoundland                  Magazine, its editorial policies, content,
of enormous significance for the Province in           diaspora and ‘back home’. The magazine               circulation and readership. Theoretical
recent years. Newfoundland continues to
experience economic difficulties and out
migration, particularly for work in the
Alberta oilfields.

Expatriate Newfoundlanders represent a
largely internal, domestic, regional diaspora
across Canada and the United States, with
community ‘clusters’ in Boston, Toronto and
Alberta. Newfoundlanders in turn connect
with Southwest Ireland and the Southwest of
England in tracing their ancestral migrations
to the province. Mobility between these
regions and cities is thus a major feature of
tourism to and from Newfoundland. Tourism
promotion and ‘homecoming festivals’ in
particular have been used in recent years as a
means both of encouraging the temporary
and more permanent return of
Newfoundlanders, as well as conveying
Newfoundland exceptionalism, lifestyles and
identity to foreign tourists and, increasingly,
second home owners from the UK and
Ireland. Media used for these purposes
includes Downhome magazine and its
associated website

Downhome magazine is published in St.
John’s, Newfoundland, and is the official ‘on
board’ magazine of Provincial Airlines. It is
though distinguished from most inflight                                                                                    Streetscape, St John’s, Newfoundland, Canada

magazines in that it has a widespread                  performs a key role in the reinforcement of          connections will be made in relation to
circulation among expatriate                           an imagined, romanticised Newfoundland               identity construction and mediascape in the
Newfoundlanders. Its stated mission is that it         community, including the portrayal of the            contexts of diaspora community media,
has ‘the desire to share with the world the            province as ‘nation’ complete with flag, t-          migration, return and the tourist imagination.
best of everything Newfoundland and                    shirt and other merchandise. While the
Labrador, and indeed Atlantic Canada, has to           presentation is humorous and quirky, the             For further information please contact:
offer. From the scenery to the arts, from the          magazine contributes to critical discourses
people to their values, we celebrate what it           about Newfoundland’s relations with the rest

 Tourism and the World Beneath the Surface:
 Coral Reef Conservation and Pro-Poor Tourism

                                                                                                                                       Coral Reef in Zanzibar, East Africa

 As a result of the popularisation of diving as a   for countries with limited alternatives. Most         contexts in countries of the Southwest of the
 tourism leisure activity since the early 1990s,    international conservation organisations have         Indian Ocean. Through a multi-sited
 coral reefs have become an increasingly            consequently widened their approach not               ethnographic approach in La Reunion, France
 important resource for the international           only to include the preservation of cultural          (Parc Marin de La Reunion), Madagascar
 tourism sector, especially in countries of the     and natural resources, but also to the                (Andavadoaka Octopus Reserve), and
 South. At the same time, the depletion of the      mobilisation of these resources for national,         Tanzania/Zanzíbar (Misali Island Marine
 world’s coral reefs during the 1990s as a          regional and local development strategies. A          Conservation Area), this programme is
 result of global warming, increased human          major outcome of this process was the                 interested more specifically in the global-local
 pressure on coastal areas and the                  development of pro-poor tourism strategies            interface of international natural conservation
 overexploitation of fishing resources, not only    implemented by international cooperation and          policy. It addresses issues of transculturation
 represent a serious threat to the marine           donor organisations since the late 1990s. For a       within the contact zones of international coral
 environment and ecosystems, but also to the        large number of developing countries, in              reef conservation, in particular the meeting,
 tourism industry on which the livelihood of        particular LDCs, pro-poor tourism has since           interaction and clash of different cultures of
 coastal communities frequently depend.             then become a strategic tool contributing to          the natural environment. David is dealing
                                                    the implementation of sustainable                     with competing understandings and values of
 International tourism through its rapid                                                                  nature and natural beauty among coastal
 expansion during the late 20th century has                                                               communities, tourists, tourism operators,
 become one of the most thriving                                                                          donors, public sector, and international
 manifestations of a globally interconnected                                                              development agencies.
 world. While positively contributing to
 macroeconomic growth in destination                                                                      During his work, David has collaborated with
 countries, tourism has often been criticized for                                                         the University of La Reunion, the British
 creating its own economic networks                                                                       NGO, Blue Ventures, and the Tanzanian
 frequently disconnected from the social and                                                              Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism.
 economic spaces that it uses as its resource                                                             His work has resulted in the gathering of a
 base. Development cooperation policy during                                                              major body of data on environmental politics,
 the 1980s was therefore marked with severe                                                               the politicisation of natural beauty and the
 criticism towards tourism's potential as a                                                               transformation of coastal communities in La
 poverty reduction tool and focused on                                            Fisherman in Zanzibar   Reunion, Madagascar and Tanzania/Zanzibar.
 concerns about the sustainable use of natural      development and poverty reduction plans.              A number of publications have flowed from
 and social resources.                              Dr David Picard, a Senior Research Fellow at          this project.
                                                    the Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change,
 However, the 1990s saw the emergence of a          is engaged in a research programme aiming to          For further details please contact Dr David
 focus on sustainable livelihoods in which          critically assess the pro-poor tourism                Picard at
 tourism could play a marked role in particular     approach in coastal and marine environment

Investigating Informal Tourist - Local Encounters in Cuba
Over the last two years CTCC Researcher               instrumental relationships and disinterested
Valerio Simoni has been working in Cuba               friendship. Valerio has sought to explore the
researching the informal encounters which             dynamic, contested and conflict-ridden nature
occur between foreign tourists and members of         of these issues which link to the dealing with
the local population. He has been particularly        ambiguities and manipulations, repressive
concerned with questions such as: How do              practices, far reaching misunderstandings and
informal encounters happen? Where do they             strong feelings of injustice, which characterize
take place? Which are the strategies and the          some of the issues related to tourist encounters
tactics employed by the people at stake? Which        in Cuba.
are the roles that these people play? How do the
protagonists make sense of these encounters      Amongst the cases Valerio has explored
and how do they affect their lives and           through ethnographic methods are: people
experiences? How are these encounters            actively trying to become friends with tourists,
(re)defining tourism-related entities?           offering their services as guides or as
                                                 companions, selling cigars, providing sex,
The term ‘informal’ refers to actions and        private "illegal" taxis, accommodation and
exchanges which lie outside of the effective     food. The majority of tourists are confronted                             Cuban man with cigar performing for tourist photos, here with
control of the relevant authorities and links to with informal encounters during their stays in                                                    Valerio Simoni, Habana Vieja, Cuba

ideas of the informal economy. In the case of    Cuba and many of them, far from being passive                      Valerio’s work has uncovered a wealth of data
tourism in Cuba, where policies regulate and     receivers of informal activities practiced by                      on this important aspect of tourist-host relations
frame interactions between tourists and          Cubans, they actively give shape to these                          which has implications for many destinations in
members of the local population, criminalizing relationships as they try to get in touch with the                   the world.
some of them and extending the fomal/informal locals, offer help to them, attempt to buy things
divide to the more general realm of social       more cheaply, seek to follow alternative paths,                    For further details please contact:
relations, the notion of informal encounter is   listen to sincere narratives of Cubans’ everyday         
helpful in addressing issues such as tourist     lives, and get access to products and services
harassment, exploitative interactions,           formally unavailable (sex and drugs mainly).

Distasteful Items: Tourism, Environmental Health and
Cultures of Disposal in Madagascar
Following his ongoing ethnographic research in        development.                                                  norms, codes, taboos and ways of talking about
the Western Indian Ocean, Dr David Picard has         However, the creation of conditions favourable                ‘it’, by different ‘cultures of disposal’. In rural
met with the Minister of the Environment,             for sustainable tourism development especially                Madagascar, according to the work of the
Water and Forests of the Republic of                  in LDCs is often constrained, among others, by                anthropologist and ethno-linguist Emmanuel
Madagascar, Koto Bernard, to discuss a new            environmental health problems. These are                      Fauroux, people usually chose a place distanced
research programme on the cultural dimensions         notably related to insufficient food security,                from their house, in the forest or on the beach,
of environmental health issues in Madagascar.         access to clean water, waste water treatment                  to excrete. Furthermore, people of different
This programme is to be implemented in close          and the destruction of landscapes through                     gender or family groups usually avoid using the
collaboration with Dr Emmanuel Fauroux from           building projects and waste. A problem that is                same places.
the French Institute for Development Research         particularly sensitive in this context concerns
(IRD) and colleagues from different Malagasy          toilets and the treatment of human excrement.                 In the context of rapid urbanisation, this double
partners. The particular focus of this                Because of its frequently taboo nature, this                  constraint of social and spatial distance related
programme is to study problems related to the         problem is only rarely dealt with in tourism                  to the disposal of human excrement has lead to
conception, management and disposal of                development plans or in tourism satisfaction                  major environmental health problems (related in
excrement in the context and contact zones of         surveys. Yet, for tourists this problem is                    particular to the persistent refusal to use public
tourism development and urbanisation.                 ‘naturally’ omnipresent during their journey and              toilets). In the context of tourism development,
                                                      the presence of ‘good’ toilets is often an                    this problem is often amplified and politicised
In Madagascar and other Lesser Developed              imperative for the choice of a particular                     as a result of the reciprocal incomprehension
Countries (LDCs), the commercial                      destination.                                                  and respective disgust of the other’s toilet
accommodation of international tourists                                                                             practice.
represents a major resource to generate
alternative livelihoods for coastal and rural                                                                       Dr David Picard’s proposal to initiate a
communities. The development of hotel                                                                               programme to study the cultural, economic and
infrastructures, natural parks and leisure spaces                                                                   political dimensions of this problem has
creates new economic spaces and demand for                                                                          received the support of Mr Koto Bernard. A
new types of products and services. Moreover,                                                                       series of collaborative fieldwork studies is due
communities living in zones of tourism                                                                              to start later on this year. The extensive
development can directly benefit from better                                                                        involvement of Malagasy academics,
transport, health and communication                                                                                 institutions and development actors will equally
infrastructures. In this sense, a responsible, well                                                                 allow a dialogue between project partners, the
planned and policed tourism development                                                                             building of capacity and the production of
constitutes a formidable tool to contribute to                   David Picard, Koto Bernard, and Emmanuel Fauroux   effective policy advice.
poverty alleviation policies and the
achievements of the UN Millennium                     Now, in one way or another, all humans ‘go to                 For further information or if you wish to get
Development Goals. Also, well organised               the toilet’. However, ways to ‘go to the toilet’              involved in this or similar programmes, please
tourism sectors usually produce returns to            vary largely from one place or country to                     contact Dr David Picard
public sector investments in natural                  another. In this sense, ‘going to the toilet’ is a            (
conservation, education and infrastructure            highly cultural practice, underpinned by sets of

 PhD Research at the CTCC
                                                      Birgit Braasch                                      Suleiman Farajat
 The Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change
 has a vibrant and growing community of PhD
 researchers engaged in various innovative
 projects relating to aspects of tourism and                                       After graduating                                     After completing a
 cultural change. They come from all parts of                                      from the University                                  postgraduate
 the world and from a number of disciplinary                                       of Hamburg,                                          Diploma in Jordan,
 backgrounds. Together they form one of the                                        Germany, Birgit                                      Suleiman did a
 most important parts of the CTCC’s work and                                       joined us as a PhD                                   postgraduate
 represent the cutting edge of research into the                                   student in February                                  Diploma in
 tourism – culture relationship. PhD students at                                   2007. Her Masters                                    Tourism
 the CTCC benefit from their participation in                                      dissertation was on                                  Management at
 our research and conference projects, as well as                                  perceptions of                                       Johannes Kepler
 from our guest lecture events, research                                           Niagara Falls and                                    University in Linz,
 methodology seminars and workshop                                                 their impact on US                                   Austria. He was
 programmes. They are also able to participate                                     national identity in                                 recently awarded
 in research training events across Leeds                                          the years before the                                 an MSc with
 Metropolitan University. PhD researchers are         Civil War. Now, she has moved on to a               distinction from Sheffield Hallam University in
 encouraged to attend and present papers at           different waterscape, the Atlantic Ocean. In her    International Tourism and Hospitality
 relevant international conferences. To cap it all,   research, Birgit is looking at the cultural         Management. The main goal of his PhD
 it’s nice to have them around!                       construction of the ocean in tourism in the time    research is to explore the role of archaeology in
                                                      between the 1960s and 1980s. In this period of      contemporary tourism development in the
 For further information on studying for a PhD        change, the first commercial air services           Levant. This involves an examination of the
 at the CTCC and to obtain an application form        allowed a much faster crossing of the Atlantic      changing role of archaeology, politics and the
 please contact Phil Long                             and passenger ships were mainly used for            building of national identity and the potential
 (                           cruising. Furthermore, the concept of an            conflicts between internationalised tourism
                                                      Atlantic community was established.                 planning efforts and ongoing critiques of
 Here we introduce some PhD researchers who                                                               “neo-colonialism” on a local level. Suleiman’s
 have recently joined us.                             In her historical analysis of this time Birgit will approach to the research involves ‘grounded’
                                                      focus on different communities around the           methods, including in-depth interviews with
                                                      North Atlantic, and look at sources like
 Martin Bastide                                       advertisements, films and guide books as well
                                                                                                          archaeologists, decision makers from
                                                                                                          governmental bodies and other stakeholders
                                                      as travel accounts in order to analyse the public who are involved in this field. Suleiman is also
                               Martin joins us        as well as private contributions to the             an authorised tourist guide and has worked for
                               from the Université    construction of the Atlantic. The research          several years in the tourism and hospitality
                               Lyon 2 Lumière,        differs from most other analyses in that it takes sector in both Jordan and Austria.
                               France from where      the ocean as the focal point and considers the
                               he obtained a MA       body of water instead of a region or even a         To contact Suleiman please email:
                               in Anthropologie       nation state.                             
                               His PhD research is
                                                   To contact Birgit, please email:
                                                                                                          Yi Fu
                               on the social and
                               cultural impact of
                               ethno-tourism in
                               Siberut Island,
                               Indonesia. Martin’s    Jakob Calice                                                                       Yi Fu joins us
                                                                                                                                         from Shanghai,
                               research is                                                                                               China. She holds
                               exploring the                                   Jakob joins the                                           Masters Degrees in
 consequences of emerging forms of interactions                                CTCC from the                                             Comparative
 between the indigenous population of Siberut                                  Department of                                             Literary and
 Island, cultural brokers and intermediaries and                               History at the                                            Cultural Studies
 the foreign tourists who are arriving in the                                  University of                                             and Applied
 island in increasing numbers to observe and                                   Vienna, Austria                                           Translation Studies
 participate in ‘traditional’ ways of life. The                                where he obtained                                         from the
 study examines themes such as the invention of                                his Masters. His                                          Universities of
 traditions, the commercialization of culture and                              PhD research               Warwick and Leeds respectively. Her PhD
 competing systems of representations. Martin’s                                focuses on notions         research concerns diaspora community festivals
 work involves extensive and intensive                                         of order and               and tourism, with particular attention to the
 ethnographic fieldwork.                                                       cleanliness in             representation and tourist / ‘outsider’
                                                                               Alpine Austria. In         experiences of diaspora communities and their
 To contact Martin, please email:                  this work, he explores the relationships between       festivities. Yi will also explore inter-cultural                          tourism practices, the making of (tourist)             dynamics and hybridity and social / cultural
                                                   landscapes and the production of dirt and waste        policies relating to diaspora populations and
                                                   and how this relates to tourism landscape              how these contribute to the shaping of such
                                                   representations and promotion as well as               festivals and associated tourism.
                                                   regional development and tourist activity.
                                                   Jakob is examining these issues in historical          To contact Yi please email:
                                                   perspective and in the context of agrarian and
                                                   industrial changes in the Alpine region.

                                                      To contact Jakob, please email:

Donata Marletta
                                                     countries, especially Hungary, the Czech             Television. Tamás’ PhD research focuses on
                                                     Republic and Bulgaria, between 1961 and              socio-cultural relations between the western
                                                     1989. Her approach to the research involves          world and East African societies, with
                               Donata Marletta       study in German archives, oral history               particular reference to the Turkana people of
                               joins the CTCC        interviews, analysis of postcards and other          Northern Kenya. The research examines
                               from the University tourism-related objects, as souvenirs and              “simulated” ethnic images as a potential source
                               of Catania (Italy)    purchased goods from western countries. The          of conflict between the Turkana and foreign
                               where she gained      possibilities to buy goods in the socialist          tourists as well as questions related to
                               her Masters Degree countries differed from those in the GDR: How           representations of ethnic identity as a source of
                               in International      did GDR citizens experience those differences        economic advantage.
                               Political Sciences.   during their holidays and how did it influence
                               Donata has also       their attitude towards shortages of goods in the     To contact Tamás please email:
                               worked for several GDR and the GDR-government? Purchasing        
                               years as a graphic    Western commodities during their holidays
                               designer and in the acquired special importance for East Germans:
production of cultural events. Due to her            Which characteristics and meanings did people        Desmond Wee
interest in multimedia and digital technology,       long for and which did they attribute to those
her research is focused on the emergence of          objects? The holidays abroad themselves can be                                     Desmond Wee
‘digital cultures’ (visual art, video installation, understood as a rare good. So, how did people                                       comes to us from
electronic music) within the realms of tourism. live and experience these and how did they                                              Singapore, where
Donata also proposes in her research a               influence their life in the GDR? This work is of                                   he lectured at Ngee
comparative case study between Leeds and             particular interest as it covers not only a so far                                 Ann Polytechnic
Catania, owing to the fact that both cities have under-investigated field in German history. It                                         for three years on
seen the appearance of independent                   will especially look at tourism as part of the                                     analysing textual
avant-gardes in the artistic sector. Her approach everyday-life of the people and its                                                   phenomena and
to the research involves the study of political      entanglement with political and economic                                           experiential
and historical contexts, historicity of art and      processes.                                                                         learning. While
culture, tourism plans and urban planning                                                                                               living in
projects in Leeds and Catania. Furthermore she To contact Claudia please email:                                                         Singapore, he
aims at focusing on the analysis of the                                                               travelled all over
emergence and organisation of alternative art                                                                                           South East Asia
and music scenes in both cities. This work
opens up new perspectives in the traditional        Tamás Régi                                            and started questioning the interplay of
                                                                                                          Otherness and its negotiation in the region.
conception of tourism in connection with the                                                              This coupled with prolonged exposure to the
major role played by computer technology and                                        Tamás joins the       West led Desmond to embark on a doctoral
‘digital cultures’ in contemporary society.                                         CTCC from             project geared toward the construction of
                                                                                    Hungary, where he     “authentic” identities through a touristic gaze
To contact Donata please email:                                                     obtained his          with reference to Singapore and its                                                           Masters degrees       consumption of “Englishness”. This involves
                                                                                    from the              analysis of the production and performance of

Claudia Müller
                                                                                    Department of         liminality within the framework of a cultural
                                                                                    Cultural and Visual   form that thrives on an Other perspective
                                                                                    Anthropology,         reflected in a diaspora fashioned from the street
                                 Claudia Müller                                     University of         into the museum. Desmond has an MA from
                                 joins us from                                      Miskolc and the       the Universiteit van Amsterdam in
                                 Germany where                                      Hungarian Africa      Anthropology and his BA is in
                                 she gained her                                     Programme at          Communications Studies and Leisure, Tourism
                                 Masters in                                         Eötvös Loránd         and Society Studies from the University of
                                 History from the University, Budapest, where he has also                 Calgary in Canada.
                                 University of       lectured. He has extensive anthropological
                                 Erfurt. Her         fieldwork experience and a number of                 To contact Desmond please email:
                                 research focuses publications and conference presentations have
                                 on East-German resulted from his work in several African
                                 citizens travelling countries. He has also been a director/editor
                                 to other socialist and cameraman at Hungarian Public

Becoming a Visiting PhD Scholar at the CTCC
We welcome PhD research students who are          agreed to accept you;                                   • membership of, and borrowing rights from
undertaking doctorates elsewhere to spend short • participation in CTCC and University                       the University library.
periods of time at the Centre for Tourism and     research training events; seminars,
Cultural Change in Leeds.                         workshops, colloquia and other related                  For further details regarding the application
                                                  activities;                                             process, fees and logistics, please contact Philip
As a Visiting PhD scholar and during your time • an email account and access to networked                 Long (
with us, you will be entitled to:                 computers;
• supervision by academic staff who have/has • desk space at the CTCC offices;

 New CTCC Projects, Initiatives
 and Research
 Visit to Memorial                                   Developing
                                                                                                                      island. Local stakeholders are engaged in
                                                                                                                      seeking to manage the economic necessity of

 University of                                       Festivals and
                                                                                                                      tourism growth with the desire to sustain
                                                                                                                      cultural identity and environmental protection,
                                                                                                                      especially as the island is renowned for its coral
 Newfoundland,                                       Tourism in Taiwan                                                reefs and fishing in addition to its unique
                                                                                                                      cultural heritage.
 Canada                                            Following an initial visit to Taiwan in 2006,
                                                   Mike Robinson and Phil Long of the CTCC are
 Mike Robinson and Phil Long of the CTCC           working with Roger Lyn of the Graduate
 visited Sir Wilfred Grenfell University College School of Arts, Cultural Industry, Design and
 at Memorial University in November 2006. The Management at the National Taipei University
 visit was at the invitation of University College of Education in developing research and
 Principal, Dr John Ashton and was funded by       professional development projects and events in
 the Newfoundland Government Ministry of           Taiwan on the subject of festivals, culture and
 Tourism, Culture and Recreation.                  tourism. In 2006, Mike and Phil gave keynote
                                                   presentations and workshop sessions at a major
 The visit programme included the delivery of a conference held at Yu Da University that
 workshop on Tourism, Culture and Festivals for attracted over 150 delegates from the tourism
 senior professionals, policy makers and           and cultural sectors as well as Taiwanese                                       Remaking a Traditional Boat, Lanyu Island, Taiwan
 practitioners in the tourism and cultural sector  researchers. Taiwan has a rich tradition of
 in Newfoundland. The workshop involved                                                                               On completion in June 2007, the boat will be
 presentations and structured discussion of key                                                                       rowed around Lanyu Island by 14 islanders and
 international developments and practices in                                                                          become a museum exhibit as part of a wider
 tourism destination development and their                                                                            cultural heritage programme. A film
 potential application in Newfoundland.                                                                               documentary made by Mr. Lin, will record the
 Particular attention was paid to connections                                                                         process of boat building and the wider issues of
 between tourism and culture(s), with specific                                                                        cultural heritage for this island community.
 reference to the harnessing of festivals and                                                                         CTCC is engaged in working with this type of
 cultural events for tourism.                                                                                         project and in Taiwan generally in exploring
                                                                                                                      and researching the implications for culture of
 Meetings were held with the Deputy Minister                                                                          international and domestic tourism.
 for Tourism and Culture and senior officials in
 the Ministry. Ideas and international best                                                                           For more information please contact Andrew
                                                          Philip Long during the Hakka Tong Flower Festival, Taiwan
 practices for the development of tourism and                                                                         Eaglen (
 cultural festivals were shared and the
 Ministry’s research and professional                Buddhist and Taoist festivals along with other
 development interests and needs and the ways
 in which these may be met by the CTCC in
                                                     events which are devised with the main aim of
                                                     attracting tourists and the University and
                                                                                                                      Tourism Crisis
 partnership with colleagues from Leeds
 Metropolitan University were discussed.
                                                     Ministry of Education is keen to develop and
                                                     promote research in this field and to draw on
                                                                                                                      Resilience in
 Memorial University has recently introduced
                                                     the international perspectives of the CTCC.
                                                     For more information please contact Phil Long                    Sri Lanka
 Tourism teaching and research programmes at         (
 Sir Wilfred Grenfell University College and is                                                   Janet Cochrane is working on a programme in

                                                     Aboriginal Culture
 keen to collaborate with international university                                                Sri Lanka with the Stockholm Environment
 partners on research and curriculum                                                              Institute (SEI) to support the tourism sector -
                                                                                                  primarily SMEs – to build resilience to crises.
 development. Mike and Phil’s visit therefore
 included discussions with Memorial University       in Taiwan                                    The industry is still recovering from the
                                                                                                  tsunami of 2004, and many smaller
 staff in connection with this agenda. Memorial
 University is rapidly developing its research   The island of Lanyu (Orchid Island) , located    entrepreneurs working in tourism received little
 capacity and also has strong Performing and     76 km off the south east coast of mainland       or no help with rebuilding their businesses.
 Visual Arts programmes which enjoy a national   Taiwan, is populated by an aboriginal ethnic     Leeds Metropolitan University’s International
 reputation.                                     group, Ya-mei, said to have migrated from the Centre for Responsible Tourism are currently
                                                 Philippines. The indigenous people are about to assessing the most effective intervention, and
 The visit resulted in a new research project by complete the reconstruction of a traditional     Janet has a visit planned to Sri Lanka as a
 Phil Long studying ‘homecoming’ festivals in    boat, over 10 metres in length, built with local follow-up from an initial scoping survey she
 relation to tourism and diaspora community      materials from this volcanic island, using local undertook last November. It is expected that
 media as outlined elsewhere in this newsletter. skills, colours and symbolism. Award winning structures will be put in place with Colombo
                                                 photographer Lin Chien Hsiang, and the local     University's Community Extension Centre and
 For more information please contact Phil Long community hosted a visit in May 2007 by            an association of tourism SMEs to develop
 (                      Andrew Eaglen (CTCC) and Taiwanese               training and networking over the coming year.
                                                     colleagues. They explained the significance of
                                                     preserving examples of their heritage at a time                  For more information please contact: Janet
                                                     of increasing tourism development on the                         Cochrane (

                                                        coincides with the World Economic Forum                        Roche, who is also a Visiting International
                                                        (WEF) in Davos, where state and corporate                      Fellow for Sofia University in the field of

Research and
                                                        leaders meet to discuss the state of the world.                Cultural Policy, together with Mike Robinson,
                                                        Since the 1990s opposition to, and critique of,                are working to assist the development of
                                                        the WEF and similar global institutions, such as               cultural tourism. Linked with their initiative,
Professionalism for                                     the G8 and the WTO, has steadily increased.
                                                        These meetings are criticised for spreading the
                                                                                                                       CTCC Associate, David Hind has represented
                                                                                                                       Leeds Metropolitan University at an
Destination                                             ideology of neo-liberal capitalism as the only
                                                        model for human development. The WSF, as a
                                                                                                                       International Partnership Forum in Varna in
                                                                                                                       May 2007, organised by Varna Free University.
Managers                                                space to develop and discuss alternatives to this
                                                        approach, bears the slogan “another world is
                                                                                                                       Leeds Metropolitan University has joined a
                                                                                                                       network of European Universities to contribute
                                                        possible“.                                                     to regional economic development in Bulgaria.
With some 300 members, the Tourism
Management Institute (TMI) is the leading UK                                                                           For more information please contact David
professional association for destination                                                                               Hint (
managers. Its members are drawn from
national, regional, sub regional and local
destination management organisations. Phil
Long is a member of the TMI’s Council of
                                                                                                                       What it Says on
Management and he also chairs the TMI
Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
                                                                                                                       the Package!
Working Group.
                                                                                                                       The Fairtrade Labelling Organisation
                                                                                                                       commissioned a team of researchers including
Already recognised for the quality of its
                                                                                                                       Xavier Font of the International Centre for
Annual Convention and Summer Debate
                                                                                                                       responsible Tourism to conduct a feasibility
events, the Institute has prioritised the         Caravan Exhibition, Fringe Event of the World Social Forum, Nairobi,
                                                                                                                       study for a Fairtrade tourism label. The study
development and delivery of CPD services to                                                               Kenya, 2006
                                                                                                                       highlighted the main challenges ahead: i) the
and for its members as a core activity. Over the Sites such as this are the foci for Fabian’s
                                                                                                                       adaptability of such a label model to a service
next three years, the CPD Working Group          research. Political movement for global                               sector activity like tourism; and ii) the
intends to implement an online CPD resource      democracy involves real-time travel and takes                         development and monitoring of satisfactory
for members, which includes online logging of place in spaces that often resemble festival sites
                                                                                                                       trade certification criteria in this multifaceted
CPD activities and aspirations, learning and     and secluded resorts. This touristic dimension                        environment. A two pronged Fairtrade
development resources and CPD discussion         of political activism is often regarded as an                         certification strategy based on a niche model
boards. Alongside these core activities, TMI is obscene trait, and almost counter to the political
                                                                                                                       and on a mainstream model have been
keen to develop a suite of destination           content and meaning of meetings. For Fabian’s proposed. Given the different objectives of each
management training materials, accessible        research this proclaimed obscenity is of major                        model the Steering Committee for the project
online or via CD-ROM, which will enable          interest: How touristic are such political                            has agreed on a clear political vision and an
those moving into the field from other           movements, and how political might tourist                            outline concept for the Fairtrade Labelling of
disciplines such as planning, marketing or       movements be?                                                         Tourism that combines the two models
economic regeneration, to bring themselves
                                                                                                                       proposed by the study.
rapidly up to speed with the current issues,     For further information please contact Fabian
structures and landscape of destination          Frenzel (                                   For more information please contact Xavier
                                                                                                                       Font (
These materials will be related to the subject          Cultural Tourism
areas covered in the existing Destination
Management Handbook and any revisions or                Development in                                                 UK – Thai Duo
additional areas added as a consequence of
national tourist board Visit Britain’s support for      Bulgaria                                                       Success
a Tourism Online Resource. This is an
ambitious project which is now receiving the                                                                           CTCC PhD candidate, Ploysri Porananond,
support of regional development agencies and                                                                           who is also Associate Professor in the Division
Visit Britain. Phil has played a leading role                                                                          of Tourism, Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Mai
with this area of work for several years. He was                                                                       University in Northern Thailand has been
also instrumental in the TMI Summer Debate                                                                             successful in being awarded a Thai Duo
and National Tourism Information conference                                                                            Fellowship. The programme will allow for an
coming to Leeds Metropolitan University’s                                                                              exchange with another CTCC Associate, David
Headingley Campus on the 20th June 2007.                                                                               Hind, to help in assisting Chiang Mai
                                                                                                                       University develop their cultural tourism
For more information please contact Phil Long                                                                          programme.
(                                                          Roman Theatre, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Political Tourist                            Bulgaria, as one of the most recent European
                                             Union accession states, is seeking to develop its

                                             tourism potential through the maximisation of
                                             its unique and, as yet, little known cultural
                                             heritage. Attention to date has mainly been
Along with 60,000 others from across the     directed to the rapid, property led development
world, CTCC Researcher Fabian Frenzel        along the shores of the Black Sea, yet little
participated in the 7th World Social Forum   work seems to be taking place with regard to
(WSF), in Nairobi, Kenya in January. The WSF mobilising the cultural resources of Bulgaria in
is an annual global meeting of social        a sensitive and sustainable way. Visiting
movements, political activists and NGOs and  Research Fellow with the CTCC Dr Maurice

 In Shangri-La                                                         Odoo / Current: Travel and Transition
 Andrew Eaglen of the CTCC is contributing to a                        in Mongolia
 Tourism Master Plan for the Shangri-La
 (Xianggelila) region of South West China, parts
 of Yunnan, Tibet and Sichuan provinces also
 integrating with the findings of the Greater
 Mekong Scheme. He is working with Professors
 Bao Jiggang and Xu Honggang, and Professor
 Trevor Sofield. Central Chinese government
 tourism development strategy seeks to contribute
 to the economic development of western Chinese
 provinces, hitherto a relatively disadvantaged
 region compared to the Eastern belt. The strategic
 plan examines a range of issues in support of
 sustainable development for a range of locations
 and tourism products (nature, ethno-cultural,
 pilgrimage, etc) and targets both international and
 domestic visitor markets.

                                                                                                                                                  Street scene, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Photo: Juliet MacDonald

                                                                       The deep, and often hidden, complexities of                           and craft in Mongolia that in their particular
                                                                       tourism and cultural change require us to                             ways negotiate identity, location, history, will,
                                                                       engage in a variety of means to understand                            we hope, open new ways to think about the
                                                                       them. Art is not only an expression of culture it                     contemporary debates in art and multiple art
                                                                       provides us with an important means to                                practices, within a local and global context.”
                                                                       expose, reflect and gain richer understanding
                                                                       of it.                                           Mongolia, as the second largest land-locked
                                                                                                                        country in the world, and also the least densely
                                                                       In 2007 Mongolian audiences were able to         populated, is seeking, like many other
                                                                       view the work of an international group of       countries, to develop as a destination for
       Tiger Leaping Gorge, a ‘mass tourism' attraction, potentially   artists, all from Leeds Metropolitan University. tourism. As national plans for tourism
        threatened by damming of the Yangtze valley as part of the
                         Three Gorges Dam HEP project in China         The exhibition held in Ulaanbaatar was titled    development unfold, Mongolia draws upon its
                                                                       Odoo / Current. Odoo in Mongolian which,         rich, and in some cases, fragile, cultural
                                                                       like its English counterpart ‘current’, has      traditions and heritage, including its nomadic
 For further information please contact Andrew
                                                                       multiple associations relating to ‘flows’ (of    culture. In the turbulence of global travel and
 Eaglen (
                                                                       wind and water etc.) and shades into notions of the rapidity of transcultural flows Mongolia
                                                                       crossing borders, journeying, and joining-up     has also, perhaps, much to share in terms of the
 Work in Asia and                                                      places across distances, often in imperceptible ways it lives with its own nomadic culture.
                                                                       ways. Curated by Jill Morgan from the Leeds
 Africa                                                                School of Contemporary Art and Graphic
                                                                       Design and held in the Genghis Art Gallery,
                                                                                                                        For details of the Odoo / Current exhibition
                                                                                                                        please contact Jill Morgan
                                                                       many of the works exhibited dealt with issues (
 Janet Cochrane is currently managing an EU-
                                                                       of movement, fluidity, location / dis-location /
 funded project in the Lao People’s Democratic
                                                                       translocation, the experiences of travel and
 Republic on marketing responsible tourism. The
                                                                       shifting of, and in, space, and counterpoints of
 work involves engaging with the newly-formed
                                                                       familiarity, intimacy and identity. Such issues
 Lao Association of Travel Agents to train them in
                                                                       are deeply felt in a country proud and aware of
 understanding their markets and presenting their
                                                                       its own nomadism and of the changes it is
 products more successfully. She is also leading a
 team of tourism and conservation experts in
 developing a management framework for a
 protected area in Gabon, Central Africa. The plan
 has been commissioned by a private entrepreneur
 and is being used in his bid to win a concession to
 use tourism revenues to manage the park’s natural
 resources – which include several of Africa’s
 major animal species – on a sound ecological
 basis. The rationale behind the plan centres on the
 need to involve all stakeholders in natural
 resources in their management on a partnership                         Odoo / Current exhibition at the Genghis Art Gallery, Ulaanbaatar,
 basis. Forthcoming projects include work on                                                           Mongolia. Photo: Juliet MacDonald

 protected areas tourism, post-tsunami
                                                                       As Jill Morgan puts it: “Within these cross-
 reconstruction and poverty alleviation through
                                                                       currents of displacement, fracturing, transition,
 tourism in Mozambique, Sri Lanka, and
                                                                       we can perhaps see ways to re-define the
                                                                       world, to speak about place, identity, history in
                                                                       multiple ways. The interweaving of the work
 For further information please contact Janet
                                                                       in this exhibition with the traditions of painting
 Cochrane (

Weblog -                                            Perspective
New Economics of                                    In this section we provide opportunities for our   i.e. they contain both written and visual texts,
Tourism (N.E.T)                                     colleagues to explore issues pertinent to the
                                                    work of the CTCC. The views expressed are
                                                                                                       any analysis of them must also be multi-modal
                                                                                                       in nature; it is simply insufficient to examine
                                                    those of the authors and do not necessarily        the language of the websites without
Issues of global distribution, social justice and
                                                    represent those of the CTCC.                       investigating the interaction and juxtaposition
environmental concern increasingly surround
                                                                                                       of the visuals and vice versa.
international tourism and travel. Not only are
such issues defining new forms of tourism, they
are also shaping far more fluid patterns of
                                                    Rick Hallet                                        Our task in researching and writing our book
                                                                                                       is to apply the theories of CDA, multi-modal
production and consumption. Processes of
                                                                               Associate Professor     discourse analysis, and mediated discourse
regulation, rationalisation and re-structuring are
                                                                               Dr Rick Hallett         analysis to the study of official tourism
being re-cast in line with the highly complex
                                                                               from Northeastern       websites. Tourism may be recreational,
and dynamic formation of informal structures,
                                                                               Illinois University,    educational, and/or spiritual, but most of all it
communicative practices, junctures and
                                                                               Chicago, USA is a       is significant as a call to social action(s).
ruptures in a touristic world that escapes
                                                                               Visiting Scholar at     Accordingly, we are working on a
modernist notions of political economy.
                                                                               the CTCC.               contextualization of the social problems of
Destinations are being defined beyond the
                                                                                                       constructing tourism websites, i.e. how these
material notions of the nation-state, traditional
                                                                                                       websites are read/viewed and how they are
mobilities are being challenged, motivations
tested, and new forms of exchange are
emerging in line with inter-and intra
                                                                                                       Our preliminary work covers the following:
generational ethical thinking, and alternative
                                                   One of the perks of getting tenure at               (1) Official governmental tourism websites
political approaches to development.
                                                   Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago is          that promote independent identities for
                                                                                                           nations and often construct historical
A new weblog, based at the Centre for Tourism being able to apply for a sabbatical leave.
                                                   Having received tenure, I knew exactly what             narratives for their nations.
and Cultural Change (CTCC) at Leeds
                                                   sabbatical research project I would tackle: a       (2) Communities that utilize their official
Metropolitan University, has been devised to
                                                   co-authored book on the discursive analysis of          tourism websites to serve as calls for
interrogate the ‘new economics of tourism’
                                                   official tourism websites. My colleague in the          action such as making a pilgrimage to a
(N.E.T) – to transcend the narrow boundaries
                                                   Linguistics Department at NEIU, Prof. Judith            particular place or participating in the
of contemporary tourism economics. N.E.T is
                                                   Kaplan-Weinger, and I had already begun                 rebirth of places.
a tool for networking and exchange between
                                                   analyzing various websites and the ways in          (3) Some official tourism websites that must
scholars and students reflecting on aspects of
                                                   which they were being used to promote                   strike a balance in their promotion of
the new economics of tourism. From the
                                                                                                           tourism while shielding potential travellers
operation of informal economies in tourism, to independent identities for nations, encourage
                                                   social actions, balance the promotion of, and           from danger.
the alternative economics of exchange in
                                                                                                       (4) Others that construct and promote identity
‘Volun-tourism’; from film and digital media’s warnings against, travel to certain areas, and
                                                                                                           through the use of metaphor, which leads
post-geographical definition of destinations, to to stereotype and parody other cultures.
                                                                                                           viewers to assign values associated with
the individual bargaining of loss and gain in the
                                                    A review of sociolinguistic and semiotic               the metaphor to the place itself.
expectation and practice of the journey, and the
                                                    research reveals a glaring omission in             (5) Parodic versions of tourism websites that
role of dreamscapes and virtual worlds in the
                                                    research on websites as tourism texts. While           capitalize on both the official tourism
tourist exchange, N.E.T seeks to provide a
                                                    there have been a steadily increasing number           website genre and Western perceptions of
forum to explore original, alternative and
                                                    of researchers examining the written                   the Other; though their content is
challenging practices of, and approaches to,
                                                    construction of travel guides, travel writings,        fictitious, they (re)present the notion of
global tourism in the material, intangible and
                                                    travelogues, travel brochures, and even                Self and Other by reinforcing stereotypes
symbolic sense.
                                                    postcards, missing from these investigations is        of what it means to be hegemonic and
                                                    a systematic, multi-modal approach to                  central (as opposed to exotic and
                                                    analyzing the linguistic and visual texts found        peripheral).
                                                    in tourism websites. Given the immense
                                                    importance of the World Wide Web in                Of course we have much further to go in our
                                                    contemporary International tourism this            research. To date some of the official websites
                                                    omission is surprising to say the least. Most of   we have analysed include those for: Lithuania,
                                                    us will, in anticipation of travel to a            Latvia, Estonia, Santiago de Compostela, New
                                                    destination, consult a website and in doing so     Orleans, and Myanmar (Burma).
                                                    scroll through the text and images there.
                                                                                                       I am fortunate to be able to spend part of my
Contributions are invited from an international,    Many contexts exist for examining the role of      sabbatical this year as a Visiting Scholar at the
multi-disciplinary range of scholars and            language and other semiotic modalities in          Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change at
institutions. N.E.T provides a convenient and       tourism. Using a Critical Discourse Analysis       Leeds Metropolitan University. Since I arrived
illuminating proximity of breaking                  (CDA) framework, these modalities can be           in Leeds, I have been reading tourism texts
international news and lasting reflections on the   understood to be mediators of social concerns      voraciously, discussing ideas with CTCC
issues addressed and serves as a global             and of social action in response to those          researchers and experiencing the CTCC’s
networking tool and as a resource for               concerns. Since the advent of the World Wide       intellectual and social hospitality. Without the
stakeholders in the expanding field of exchange     Web, official tourism websites have been           supportive environment of the CTCC, I cannot
and transformation that characterises global        constructed to promote nations, states, cities,    imagine having made this much progress on
tourism. Proposals to contribute and participate    and individual attractions. These websites         the book!
are welcome.                                        serve as part of the narrative of these places
                                                    and can possibly reinforce a national, civic,      For further information or feedback, contact
Please visit: or      state, and/or local identity for these locales.    Rick at r-hallett@neiu.edi.
contact Fabian Frenzel at                           As these websites are multi-modal in nature,

 Partner News
                                                      examine the ways in which communities have                     Vienna, Bonn, Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Phil
                                                      turned to ‘heritage tourism’ to cope with social               Long has been a Board member of IFEA for
                                                      and economic change and how this then                          several years and both Mike Robinson and
 Colleagues and                                       impacts upon issues of identity. Staff also                    David Picard have also been closely involved
                                                      visited the Yorkshire spa town of Harrogate to                 with the Association over the years.
 Friends                                              explore the ways in which this former spa
                                                      resort has adapted/changed over recent years.                  In 2007, Phil arranged for Professor Rhodri
 In 2006 CTTC staff Mike Robinson and Josef           Mike and Oliver hope to develop some                           Thomas to be invited to contribute a keynote
 Ploner visited colleagues and friends from one       comparative work focusing upon the changing                    presentation and workshop on festivals research
 of our long standing partner organisations, the      role of the hotels in the life of the spa towns of             and professionalism in the festival and event
 European Institute of History and Ethnology at       Bad Gastein and Harrogate.                                     sector at IFEA’s Athens conference. Phil also
 the University of Innsbruck. The visit to                                                                           arranged for Chris Fell of the Leeds
 Innsbruck was funded through the British             For further information, visit                                 International Film Festival to attend the April
 Council’s Austrian Research Cooperation                                         2007 ‘Behind the Scenes’ event at a leading
 programme. Linked to this was a site visit to                                                                       new media festival in Hungary. Chris found
                                                                                                                     this to be a professionally rewarding experience
                                                                                                                     contributing ideas for the Leeds festival and our
                                                                                                                     own Film, Television, Tourism and
                                                                                                                     Regeneration conference (see separate article).

                                                                                                                     Phil continues to serve the IFEA Board and
                                                                                                                     leads the Research Committee which is
                                                                                                                     developing a programme of research connected
                                                                                                                     with European Festival Cities in partnership
                                                                                                                     with the University of Breda, The Netherlands
                                                                                                                     and Bad Honnef University, Germany.

                                                                                                                     IFEA is now planning for its 2008 annual
                                                                                                                     conference which will take place in Reykjavik,
                                                                                                                     Iceland. Here we will be working with the
                                                                                                                     University of Iceland in a research conference
                                                                                                                     programme focussed on maritime and coastal
                                                                                                                     community festivals and tourism.

                                                                                                                     For further information on IFEA and the
                                                                                                                     Iceland conference, please contact Phil Long

                                                                          Hotel Demolition in Bad Gastein, Austria
                                                                                                                     Tourism Studies
 Bad Gastein, a nineteenth century spa town in
 Austria which, despite its natural beauty, has
                                                                                                                     Working Group,
 lost its appeal to tourists. So much so, that
 during the visit, a vast ‘Art Nouveau’ period        Partnership with                                               University of
 hotel was in the process of being demolished,
 with more similar style hotels under threat. The     the International                                              California Berkeley
                                                      Festivals and
 reasons for this are complex but this dramatic
 act has catalysed local action in an attempt to                                                                     The Tourism Studies Working Group (TSWG),
 rejuvenate the struggling town. This case                                                                           University of California Berkeley was founded
 generates a range of issues relating not only to     Events Association                                             in the spring of 2003 by a small group of
                                                                                                                     graduate students and faculty in order to
 the effective utilisation of very challenging
 heritage spaces, but to wider shifts in social and
 cultural practices concerned with ‘taking the
                                                      Europe                                                         promote and sustain a multidisciplinary
                                                                                                                     approach to tourism so as to enrich the
 waters’ and ‘wellness’ – both longstanding                                                                          academic discourse on tourism and travel as
 drivers for tourism. In March 2007, Professor                                                                       objects of study on the Berkeley campus and
 Ingo Schneider and Dr Oliver Haid from the                                                                          beyond. The Tourism Studies Working Group
 University of Innsbruck returned the visit and                                                                      provides a forum in which faculty and graduate
 held discussions at the CTCC and also visited                                                                       students from a wide range of disciplines can
 the National Coal Mining Museum at                                                                                  exchange ideas, circulate and/or informally
 Wakefield. In the Tyrol there is a large             The CTCC has over 9 years developed an                         present works in progress, hear from visiting
 interdisciplinary research project being             excellent and strategic relationship with the                  scholars, and receive feedback on their
 developed to understand the ‘after-life’ of metal    International Festivals and Events Association                 research. It is now a network of more than 75
 and salt mining centres and communities. Mike        Europe (IFEA). This partnership contributed to                 faculty and postgraduate students from
 Robinson of the CTCC has been asked to join          the establishment of our ‘Journeys of                          universities throughout Northern California.
 with a ten year interdisciplinary research           Expression’ conferences becoming recognised
 programme on ‘The History of Mining                  as groundbreaking events that brought together                 In addition to its regular colloquium series,
 Activities in the Tyrol and Adjacent Areas -         researchers with leading policy makers and                     over the past four years the Tourism Studies
 Impact on Environment & Human Societies’-            professional members of the festivals sector in                Working Group has hosted a number of small
 funded by the Austrian Science Fund, to              lively and creative dialogue in for example,                   symposia and organized a major international

conference (On Voyage, 2005), which CTCC           The ICRT at Leeds Met has been established        reconstruction and poverty alleviation through
staff participated in. Its members have also       to:                                               tourism in Mozambique, Sri Lanka, and
collaborated on publications, presentations,
                                                   • deliver the MSc Responsible Tourism             Indonesia.
and conference panels. In January 2007, it has
                                                       Management degree;
organised its latest symposium, States of
                                                   • establish a community of PhD students
Tourism: Mexico and Cuba, examining the
development of tourism in Mexico and Cuba,             specialising in responsible tourism;          Centre for Urban
                                                   • provide continuing development
past and present, from a variety of disciplinary
perspectives.                                          opportunities for tourism professionals;      Development and
                                                   • undertake consultancy and research
The CTCC has hosted TSWG members and                   contracts regionally, nationally and          Environmental
David Picard has been a Visiting Scholar at            internationally;
Berkeley. Through ongoing contact,                 • support the development of tourism
exchanges, visiting scholarships and the co-           academic programmes overseas;
organisation of academic events and                • disseminate research findings through the
conference panels over the past year, staff and        organisation of conferences and by
postgraduate students from both the CTCC               establishing a book series on responsible
and the UCB TSWG have reiterated their                 tourism.
partnership and common interest in critical
tourism studies and look forward to                                                                  The CTCC is pleased to be working with new
developing this in the coming year.                The launch of the ICRT comes following the
                                                                                                     colleagues at Leeds Met’s Centre for Urban
                                                   appointment of Professor Harold Goodwin at
                                                                                                     Development and Environmental Management
For more information contact David Picard          Leeds Met. He is recognised internationally as
( and visit                                                                  (CUDEM). This research centre brings
                                                   an expert in responsible tourism, conservation                                                                             together academics from the Planning,
                                                   and sustainable development. He is a member
                                                                                                     Housing and Human Geography Groups. It
                                                   of the Pro-Poor Tourism Partnership and has
International                                      worked on tourism and local economic
                                                   development in Africa, Asia, Europe and
                                                                                                     provides a dynamic interdisciplinary
                                                                                                     environment engaged in high quality academic
Centre for                                         South America as well as contributing to the
                                                                                                     inquiry and policy-related research. CUDEM
                                                                                                     was formed in 1989 with its origin in planning
                                                   national policy in Bhutan, The Gambia and
Responsible                                        South Africa. He also chairs the judges' panel
                                                                                                     courses first run in Leeds seventy years ago. In
                                                                                                     recent years the knowledge base has
Tourism joins with                                 for the prestigious Responsible Tourism
                                                   Awards. The ICRT is being developed by
                                                                                                     diversified into an integrated set of courses
                                                                                                     and research programmes around spatial
the CTCC                                           Professor Harold Goodwin, Dr Xavier Font
                                                   and Dr Janet Cochrane. The launch is the start
                                                                                                     planning, governance, sustainability and urban
                                                                                                     and regional regeneration themes. CUDEM
                                                   of exciting future developments and
The International Centre for Responsible                                                             research on heritage and the politics of waste
                                                   opportunities within this field.
Tourism (ICRT) - the only research centre of                                                         connects with CTCC projects.
its kind in Europe - was officially launched by    An example of the ICRT’s work is provided
Professor Simon Lee, Vice-Chancellor of                                                              For further information on CUDEM, please
                                                   by Dr Janet Cochrane who is currently
Leeds Metropolitan University in January                                                             contact Ian Strange
                                                   managing an EU-funded project in the Lao
2007. The CTCC is pleased to be working                                                              (
                                                   People’s Democratic Republic on marketing
with the ICRT as together, with the CTCC,          responsible tourism. The work involves
Leeds Met provides a major international           engaging with the newly-formed Lao
                                                   Association of Travel Agents to train them in
                                                   understanding their markets and presenting        International
                                                   their products more successfully.
                                                   She is also leading a team of tourism and
                                                   conservation experts in developing a              Since its launch in 1966, the Harrogate
                                                   management framework for a protected area in      International Festival has grown into one of
                                                                                                     the region’s leading cultural organisations,
                                                   Gabon, Central Africa. The plan has been
                                                                                                     working year round to bring the finest in
                                                   commissioned by a private entrepreneur and is     performing arts, literature and community
centre for cross-cutting research on tourism,      being used in his bid to win a concession to      participation to Harrogate and Yorkshire.
culture and development. This international        use tourism revenues to manage the park’s
centre has a global status and excellent           natural resources – which include several of      For over 40 years music of all kinds has
                                                   Africa’s major animal species – on a sound        remained at the heart of the Festival’s
reputation within the industry and amongst
                                                                                                     activities each spring and summer, with the
professionals in this field. The introduction of   ecological basis. The rationale behind the plan
                                                                                                     International Festival and Sunday Series of
the centre to Leeds Met brings with it many        centres on the need to involve all stakeholders   chamber music. Since 2003, this calendar has
opportunities for the University and students      in natural resources in their management on a     been augmented by the critical successes of
and will further strengthen the University's       partnership basis.                                the Theakston’s Old Peculier Crime Writing
position as a leading provider of tourism                                                            Festival, the Green Space Festival of outdoor
education and its work in responsible tourism,     Forthcoming projects include work on              street arts, and the Festival’s leading role in
                                                   protected areas tourism, post-tsunami             the North Yorkshire Youth Music Action
conservation and sustainable development.                                                            Zone. The Festival's strategic development has

                                                          Tourism and Cultural Change, a global leader          and revitalisation of community life both in
                                                          in the festivals research sector. Festival            urban and rural areas.
                                                          Director William Culver Dodds has also
                                                          enjoyed practical involvement with the CTCC               This year, recognizing that the professional
                                                          as a Visiting Research Associate. The CTCC                skills capacity required to produce such
                                                          continues to play an important part in the                aspirational projects as the Green Space
                                                          Festival’s Strategic Partnership with Leeds               Festival are not available to every market
                                                          Metropolitan University, a key partner and                town, Harrogate International Festival has
                                                          supporter of the Festival’s current                       developed, in partnership with the CTCC, a
                                                          developments.                                             Professional Development street events skills
                                                                                                                    workshop for market towns festivals & events’
                                                                    Some of the partnership highlights include in organisers from across the region. Also
                                                                    2004 an international conference Tourism and involved is the International Festivals &
                  William Culver Dodds, Harrogate Festival Director Literature: Travel, Imagination & Myth which Events Association Europe, in which both
                                                                    sought to explore and deepen the                Harrogate International Festival and the CTCC
     created a portfolio of some of the country’s                   understanding of tourism and literature         play an active role as Board members.
     most prestigious arts events, featuring the                    relations by bringing together an international
     biggest names in the arts world.                               audience of academics, curators, writers,       The future of Harrogate International Festivals
                                                                    professionals and tourism managers to discuss is one of a vibrant, sustainable arts
     Thanks to ambitious and imaginative                            this increasingly important field.              organisation, leading arts provision not only in
     development, the Harrogate International                                                                       Harrogate, but also as the primary cultural
     Festival has continued to set itself apart from                Last year on the eve of the first Green Space   agency for North and West Yorkshire. The
     its competitors and has maintained a position Festival of international street arts held in                    Festival looks forward to continuing its
     not only as one of the UK’s leading national                   Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, the Festival partnership with Leeds Met and the CTCC and
     festivals, bringing international excellence and joined with the CTCC to present a symposium to develop a range of exciting future projects.
     innovation to the region, but as a key cultural ‘Reclaiming the Streets’ which attracted
     provider for Yorkshire throughout the year.                    international speakers and key decision         For more information visit www.harrogate-
                                                                    makers at the regional arts and development
     Throughout these recent years of development, agency level to debate how in the UK, the
     Harrogate International Festival has enjoyed a reclaiming or rediscovering of our streets is an
     close working relationship with the Centre for imperative for the development, maintenance

     We are delighted to announce the following           Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre           Centre for Museum Development. She has
     appointments within and beyond the CTCC              d’Histoire Sociale de l’Islam Mediterranean           worked as an Expert Advisor to UNESCO and
     over the past months.                                (CHSIM) and Laboratoire d’Anthropologie               has experience of development, advisory and
                                                          Sociale (LAS) at the École des Hautes Études          training work in the cultural sector in Poland,

     Dr Lina Tahan
                                                          en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris. She has          Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, Austria, Uzbekistan,
                                                          also been working at the France-Stanford              Ukraine, Macedonia, Hungary, Tajikistan and
                                                          Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies at Stanford      Armenia. Barbara, a former Chief Executive
                                        The multi-        University, USA.                                      of the Yorkshire Museums Council was
                                        layered                                                                 awarded the Order of the British Empire

                                        relationships                                                           (OBE) for her contributions to the museums
                                        between                                                                 sector in the Millennium Honours List 2000.
                                                                                                                We look forward to working with her.
                                                          Woroncow OBE
                                        heritage and
                                        tourism are a
                                        major part of
                                        the CTCC’s                                      To advise and           Martin Evans
                                        research and                                    support the work
                                        development                                     of the CTCC in                                          To support the
                                        agenda. We                                      the field of                                            work of the
                                        are therefore                                   culture, heritage                                       CTCC in
                                        delighted that                                  and tourism, we                                         connection with
                                        Dr Lina Tahan                                   are pleased to                                          film and
     has joined the CTCC as a Senior Research                                           announce that                                           television
     Fellow. Lina gained her PhD in Archaeology                                         Barbara                                                 relationships
     and Museum Studies from the University of                                          Woroncow                                                with tourism,
     Cambridge and was awarded her BA in                                                OBE, will be                                            we are pleased
     Archaeology at the American University of                                          joining us as a                                         that Martin
     Beirut. She is a specialist on the changing                                        Visiting                                                Evans joins us
     roles of museums through colonialism and                                           Research                                                as a Visiting
     post-colonialism. The focus of her PhD               Associate. Barbara brings a wealth of                                                 Research
     research was the role of museums in the              experience to the Centre. Her qualifications          Associate. Martin runs his own consultancy,
     Lebanon within colonial and post-colonial            are in archaeology, anthropology and museum           The Tourism Business in York, specialising in
     contexts. Her work links directly with the           studies. She is currently Deputy Chair of the         niche tourism sectors including ‘screen
     CTCC’s interests in how heritage(s) and              UNESCO UK National Commission Culture                 tourism’. A former director of Yorkshire
     material cultures feed into tourism                  Committee. Barbara is also a Board Member             Tourist Board and Yorkshire Screen
     development agendas and shape and script             of ICOM (International Council of Museums)            Commission, he has written four market
     identities at the national, regional and personal    UK, ICOM-Europe and the St Petersburg                 intelligence reports for Visit Britain on this
     level. Before joining the CTCC, Lina was a                                                                 subject, and has worked in the film and TV

                                                                                                    Visiting Scholars
tourism sector with regional tourist boards,                                  Josef Ploner has
county and district councils, and private sector                              been appointed as
tourism operators across the UK.                                              the Book Reviews
                                                                              Editor for the        The Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change
In Spring 2007, Martin organised Europe’s                                     Scandinavian          regularly hosts visiting scholars and post-
largest film tourism conference, The London                                   Journal of            doctoral researchers interested in developing
International Film Tourism Conference held at                                 Hospitality and       research in aspects of tourism and culture.
the British Academy of Film and Television                                    Tourism. This         This may involve participation in existing
Arts, and, together with a number of                                          peer-refereed         CTCC research projects or the development of
associates, he has launched a new business –                                  journal aims at       research building on PhD work. – specifically to support                                   initiating and
destinations, attractions and the media sector                                stimulating                                         Bente Bramming
in film and television tourism.                  hospitality and tourism-related discussions                                      is working with
                                                 among the academic community, managers,                                          Mike Robinson at
                              Dr Philip Long     and decision makers both in the private and                                      the CTCC for a
                              has been           public sectors.                                                                  three month
                              appointed to the                                                                                    period to develop
                              Editorial Board of                                                                                  her work on
                              the re-launched                                                                                     cultural heritage
                              ‘Tourism                                                                                            tourism as part of
                              Insights’                                     Charlotte Terrapon                                    her PhD research.
                              publication. He is                            is joining the                                        She is funded by
                              also a Council of                             CTCC for ten                                          her University –
                              Management                                    months. After her                                     The University of
                              member of the                                 postgraduate                                          Southern
                              UK’s Tourism                                  studies at the          Denmark. Bente also runs a cultural institute
                              Management                                    University              in the restored heritage building of Taarnborg,
Institute, where he chairs the Continuing                                   Fribourg,               in the oldest Danish town of Ribe. As
Professional Development Working Group.                                     Switzerland,            someone who is dealing directly with the
                                                                            Charlotte joined the    interface between local national heritage
                              Professor Rhodri                              CTCC in February        (Taarnborg was the former home of Bishop
                              Thomas has been                               2007. Her research      Brorson, a prominent Danish Hymn writer of
                              appointed as the                              interests include       the eighteenth century) and tourists, Bente is
                              first Institute of social anthropology, sociology and media           exploring the dialectics involved in the
                              Travel and         communication. Charlotte is involved in the        communication of cultural heritage to tourists.
                              Tourism Chair      development and delivery of the Centre’s           She is working on the meanings of time-space
                              and will present   international conferences and guest lecture        relations in tourist experiences and what this
                              his inaugural      programme.                                         implies for the interpretation and management
                              address at the ITT                                                    of cultural heritage.
                              conference in                                  Abeti Ilofo has
                              Gran Canaria in                                also been working                                    Žiga Novak is a
                              June. Rhod also                                with the CTCC                                        British Council
continues to serve as Non-Executive Director                                 since her studies in                                 funded Chevening
of the Yorkshire Tourist Board.                                              Economics and                                        Scholar from
                                                                             Management in the                                    Slovenia. He
At their 2006 December meeting Professor                                     Faculty of                                           works for the
Mike Robinson has been appointed to the                                      Economic Sciences                                    Postojna Cave
Advisory Board for the International                                         at the University of                                 Tourism
Association for the Study of Traditional                                     Neuchatel,                                           Company in the
Environments (IASTE). Mike has been                                          Switzerland. Abeti                                   Karst Region of
involved with a number of IASTE conferences                                  is involved with                                     Slovenia and
over the years, in terms of presenting and                                   the development                                      previously worked
reviewing an always substantive number of        and management of the CTCC’s conference                                          for the European
papers dealing with tourism. The CTCC was        programme and on the marketing of the              Bank for Reconstruction and Development
pleased to work with IASTE during the 2006       Centre’s publications.                             and the BBC World Service. Žiga is working
Bangkok Conference on Hyper-Tradition,                                                              on the ways in which stories and myths – both
where a number of panels addressed the role      The CTCC is pleased to have two such               ‘traditional’ and modern - can be translated
of tourism in shaping and challenging            enthusiastic and dedicated interns working         into narratives for tourism and how these in
tradition. The next IASTE conference will be with it.                                               turn animate places. In a country such as
held in Oxford in December 2008 when the                                                            Slovenia, which is still developing tourism,
theme will be ‘Interrogating Tradition’. For                                                        these intangible elements of cultural heritage
further details please visit:                                                                       can play a vital role in the development                                                        process.

Mike Robinson has been appointed an advisor                                                         If you are interested in working with the
to the UNESCO Cultural Heritage                                                                     CTCC as a Visiting Scholar please contact
Development Programme of South East Asia.                                                           Phil Long (
This important programme has been active in
developing specialist cultural heritage guide

 Out and About
 CTCC staff are always 'out and about'! Since     In August 2006, David, together with CTCC          At a guest lecture in Chiang Mai Thailand,
 our last newsletter and in the forthcoming       Visiting Research Associate Stephanie Hom          December 2006, organised by Chiang Mai
 months:                                          Cary (UC Berkeley, Italian Studies) co-chaired     University and sponsored by the Thai Tourist
                                                  a panel on Tourism and Postmodernity at the        Authority, Mike Robinson addressed regional
 Daniela Carl and Sang-Kyun Kim presented         World Congress of Sociology in Durban, South       policy makers, practitioners and academics on
 their paper, When Screen Experience Meets        Africa. He also gave a paper on Coral Reef         the issues surrounding the development of
 Real Experience: Re-enactment by Screen          Protection, Bio-Marine Epistemology and the        cultural tourism.
 Tourists in Filmed Locations at the              Notion of Natural Beauty.
 Conference Gazing, Glancing, Glimpsing:                                                             Mike Robinson will be in attendance at the
 Tourists and Tourism in a Visual World,          From September to December 2006, David was         conference on UNESCO World Heritage Sites
 University of Brighton, June 2007.               invited as a Visiting Scholar at the Department    in Europe - A Network for Cultural Dialogue
                                                  of Anthropology, University of California at       and Cultural Tourism in June 2007, Lübeck,
 Andrew Eaglen will present a paper with Prof. Berkeley where he actively collaborated with          Germany. This international conference will
 Xu Honggang, of Sun Yat-sen University,          the UCB Tourism Studies Working group and          seek to develop forms of co-operation for the
 Guangzhou at the EuroChrie Conference which animated a seminar On Oakley Sunglasses, Fish           foundation of a European UNESCO World
 will be held at Leeds Metropolitan University, Tattoos, and Salvage Anthropologists.                Heritage Sites Network.
 UK, October 2007. The paper on
 Entrepreneurship Development in World            In March 2007, David presented a paper on          Mike Robinson has been invited to provide the
 Heritage Tourism Destinations: The Case of       Fanta Orange for the Ancestors: Coral Reef         keynote address at an international conference
 Wuyishan, China explores issues of Chinese       Conservation and Transculturation in a             on Heritage and Tourism which is being held in
 tourism and enterprise development and           Madagascan Fishing Village at Society,             Guangzhou, China - 8 to 10 July 2007. The
 explores the position of ‘enterprise’ at sites   Natural Resources & Development in                 Conference – Heritage and Tourism:
 with World Heritage Status.                      Madagascar, Recent Contributions by the            Community, Enterprise, Government and
                                                  Research Community organised by the                Tourists - is being organised by the Centre for
 Sang-Kyun Kim presented a paper co-authored University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK.               Tourism Research and Planning at Sun Yat Sen
 with Mike Robinson and Philip Long,                                                                 (Zhongshan) University and Northern Arizona
 Understanding Popular Media Production and David Picard, alongside Amitav Ghosh and                 University, USA. For further details visit:
 Tourist Consumption: A Methodological            others will give an invited address at the
 Agenda at the 2nd International Tourism and      University of Witwatersrand in South Africa,
 the Media Conference, Melbourne, Australia,      July 2007. In October 2007 David will present      At the 3rd Baltic Sea Region Forum on Cultural
 November 2006.                                   the 7th Borders and Crossings Conference,          Heritage, held in Vilnius in September 2007,
                                                  organized by CRLV/CIEF Université de Paris         and organized by the Department of Cultural
 Sang-Kyun Kim also presented a paper             IV Sorbonne, and held in Nuoro, Sardinia. His      Heritage under the Ministry of Culture of
 co-authored with Mike Robinson and Philip        paper will be: The Poor Fisherman and His          Lithuania, Mike will provide the keynote
 Long, A Conceptual Model for Researching the Wives: Development Cooperation, the Trope of           address on Culture Beyond Heritage: The
 Production and Potential Tourist                 Poverty and Coastal Community                      Experiences of Cultural Tourism.
 Consumption of Popular Media Texts at the        Self-fashioning in Pemba Island, Zanzibar.
 DeHaan Tourism Management Conference,                                                               Mike Robinson held a workshop on The
 Nottingham, United Kingdom, December 2006. David, along with Emmanuel Fauroux of the                Changing Nature of Spa Tourism at the 16th
                                                  Institute for Development Research, France,        International Ethnological Food Research
 Philip Long visited the Ministry of Economics will present at the Western Indian Ocean              Conference (in association with SIEF) - Sanitas
 and Tourism and the University of Latvia in      Marine Science Association Scientific              Per Aquas - held at Innsbruck, Austria and
 Riga in connection with planning for the         Symposium, in October 2007 in Durban. The          Meran/o, Italy in September 2006.
 Destination Management research conference       paper will address Coral Reef Conservation
 featured elsewhere in this newsletter. He also   and Pro-Poor Tourism: A Critical                   Mike will provide a keynote address at the
 visited Copenhagen for a Board meeting of the Assessment of the Tourism-Conservation Nexus          Austrian European Ethnological Conference
 International Festivals and Events Association in the Southwest of the Indian Ocean.                2007 - Erb.gut? Kulturelles Erbe in
 and for planning the 2008 Journeys of                                                               Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft, (Heritage?
 Expression VII conference programme that will Professor Rhodri Thomas provided the keynote          Cultural Heritage in Science and Society). The
 take place in Reykjavik in partnership with the presentation at the Institute of Travel and         conference is being held in cooperation with the
 University of Iceland on the subject of maritime Tourism’s International Annual Conference in       Austrian UNESCO Commission:
 and coastal community festivals and tourism.     June 2007 in Gran Canaria. Rhodri’s                National Agency for the Intangible Cultural
 Phil also has attended meetings and conducted presentation addressed Professionalism,               Heritage.
 an interview with Bernard Donoghue, Head of Professionalisation and the Travel Industry.
 Government and Public Affairs at Visit Britain                                                      Valerio Simoni presented a paper entitled
 in connection with the re-launch of the Tourist In October 2007 Rhodri will provide the             Displaying Culture in the Arena of Informal
 Board’s major research intelligence publication, keynote at a conference at the University of       Tourist/Cuban Encounters at the Conference on
 ‘Tourism Insights’ and for his research on       Seville, Spain, organised by the Association of    Contexts, Fields, Positions: Situating
 ‘Royal Tourism’.                                 Spanish and Czech Tourism Academics and            Cultural Research, University of East London,
                                                  focusing on Using Events and Festivals to          May 2006. Valerio gave a conference paper,
 In May 2006, David Picard presented a paper      Develop Tourism. His presentation will address     The Informal Economy within the Realm of
 on the relation between War Photography and the Politics of Local Events and Festivals              Tourism: The Phenomenon of jineterismo in
 Post-War Travel (Voyage de Guerre (1939-45)) Policy: What Role for Small Firms?                     Cuba. Europe and the World at the European
 at the conference Travel, Tourism and                                                               Association of Social Anthropologists Biennial
 Migration, jointly organised by the Universities Mike Robinson presented a paper on The World       Conference, Bristol, September 2006 (Panel on
 Paris Dauphine and Paris 13. This paper was      from my Hotel Room: Stasis in Tourism and the      Formal and Informal Economies in a Global
 based on his grandfather’s personal war          Intimacies of the Familiar at the seminar series   World).
 photographs, interviews and post-war travels     on Tourism Performance and the Body
 and sheds a new light on the mediation of war    organised by Dr Jonathan Skinner at Queen’s
 trauma through visual narrative and travel.      University Belfast in November 2006.

                                                     • Imagining Alexandria: Sightseeing in a City
Journal of Tourism
                                                                                                          Initiated and edited by Derek Horton and Peter
                                                       of the Mind (David Dunn)                           Lewis, /seconds is designed by Graham
                                                                                                          Hibbert, and has an international editorial and
and Cultural                                         • Neopagan Pilgrimages in the Age of the
                                                       Internet: A Life Changing Religious                advisory board of academics, artists and
                                                                                                          curators. Published every three months,
Change                                                 Experience or an Example of
                                                       Commodification? (Maria Beatrice                   /seconds comprises text (including creative as
                                                                                                          well as academic writing), visual material
                          The Journal of                                                                  (including moving image) and sound-based
                          Tourism and                JTCC follows a three-tier pricing structure          work. The content, format and style of /seconds
                          Cultural Change            based on the UNDP Human Development                  locates it very much in a hybrid territory
                          (JTCC) is a peer-          Index. All together libraries in over 100            between academic research, curatorial
                          reviewed,                  countries are able to receive the Journal of         strategies and contemporary art practices.
                          transdisciplinary and      Tourism and Cultural Change either completely
                          transnational journal.     free of charge or at a substantially reduced rate.   Issue 06, to be published in July 2007, will be
                          It focuses on critically   For further details contact:                         in association with the Centre for Tourism and
                          examining the              www.multilingual-                                    Cultural Change and will mark the international
                          relationships, tensions,        conference: Things That Move: The Material
                          representations,                                                                World of Tourism and Travel. This will
                                                                                                          include submissions which critique and
                          conflicts and
                          possibilities that exist                                                        challenge the relationships between tourism,
between tourism/travel and culture/cultures in                                                            travel and objects. The CTCC welcomes a
an increasingly complex global context. The          Journal of                                           forum that allows creative, critical and
                                                                                                          stimulating reflections on the tourism and
editors are Professor Mike Robinson (Leeds
Metropolitan University) and Professor Alison
Phipps (University of Glasgow). Now into its
                                                     Hospitality and                                      cultural relationship to outside of the normal
                                                                                                          academic, text based literature, and is delighted
fourth year, JTCC goes from strength to
strength attracting cutting edge articles from
                                                     Tourism                                              to be working with the Contemporary Art
                                                                                                          Research Centre to this end.
around the world and subscriptions from all
                                                                                 Mike Robinson of the     For the latest issue of /seconds please go
five continents. The JTCC seeks to widen and
                                                                                 CTCC is an Associate and for further
deepen understandings of the relationships
                                                                                 Editor of The            information please contact
between tourism and culture(s) and stimulate
critical debate by:
                                                                                 Journal of
• Adopting a multidisciplinary approach                                          Hospitality and
• Encouraging deep and critical approaches to
   policy and practice
                                                                                 Tourism and Josef        New Books
                                                                                 Ploner is one of their
• Embracing an inclusive definition of culture                                   Book Review Editors.     We are pleased to announce the publication of a
• Focusing on the concept, processes and                                         The Journal provides     number of new books bringing fresh
   meanings of change                                                            an important forum       perspectives to the understanding of tourism
• Encouraging trans-national/transcultural                                       for examining            and cultural change.
   perspectives                                      tourism, travel and hospitality relevant to
                                                     Scandinavia, the North Sea and Baltic regions.
                                                     It aims at initiating and stimulating hospitality    Tourism in the Middle East:
The Journal is required reading for all who
wish to learn more about the ways in which           and tourism-related discussions among the            Continuity, Change and
tourism, its development and tourist behaviour:      academic community, managers, and decision           Transformation
                                                     makers both in the private and public sectors.
• Shapes local, regional, national and               The journal covers all types of empirical and
  transnational understandings of identity and                                                            Edited by Rami Daher (American University
                                                     conceptual research of issues, and associated        of Beirut)
  difference;                                        developments in the regional hospitality and
• Challenges, changes, confirms                      tourism industry. In addition to research                          Tourism in the
  understandings of heritage;                        articles, research notes and book reviews, it                      Middle East embodies
• Reflects the cultural dimension of                 welcomes book discussions and contributions                        a multi-discursive
  biodiversity and sustainable development;          debating or commenting issues of interests to                      approach to the study
• Commodifies, transforms, presents/re-              researchers and the professional community                         of tourism in the region
  presents and consumes material and non-            (events, research politics, philosophical themes                   offering not only
  material culture;                                  etc.). For more information on the Journal and                     different perspectives,
• Are shaped through and by narratives, myths        subscription information please visit:                             but also qualifying
  and stories;                                                   local knowledge and
• Engages with multiple 'ways of being',                                                                                realities. The book re-
  generating new relationships, re-evaluating
  existing, and challenging ways of knowing.
                                                     /Seconds Count                                                     examines the discourse
                                                                                                                        of tourism within
                                                                                               geopolitical contemporary regional realities.
Recent papers featured in JTCC include:       Reflecting our partnership with the              The book re-conceptualizes tourism as a
                                              Contemporary Art Research Centre at Leeds        discourse linked to heritage and identity
• Tourism and Afro-Antillean Identity in      Met University, the CTCC is collaborating
  Panama (Carla Guerrón-Montero)                                                               construction, national and global economies,
                                              through a special issue of /seconds. /seconds in and development of local communities.
• The ‘Zest of Adventure’ in Australian       an online publishing and curation project        Alternatively, a new discursive approach to the
  Overland Narratives, 1920–2000 (Laina Hall) reflecting contemporary art and its research.    understanding of tourism emerges out of

     invigorating and stimulating latent regional        Empowerment; Authenticity and                         most important books written on language,
     realities and the social histories of various       Commodification; and Interpretation and               pedagogy, and tourism in the last fifty years
     towns, villages, and cultural landscapes within     Representation - and will be of interest to all       and hopefully will be widely read by anyone
     the contested and politically-charged region of     who wish to understand how cultural tourism           wishing to enter the changing conditions of a
     the Middle East. The book investigates issues       continues to evolve as a focal point for              global democracy.”
     of national identity, authenticity, definition of   understanding a changing world. Cultural
     heritage, representation of cultures and regions,   Tourism in a Changing World will be of                Henry Giroux, McMaster University, Canada
     community and tourism development, urban            interest to all who wish to understand how
     tourism, heritage conservation and tourism,         cultural tourism continues to evolve as a focal       Published by Channel View Publications
     and tourism related investments through a new       point for understanding a changing world.             ISBN 184541053X
     vision for the region that transcends current                                                   
     geopolitics or national and formal                  Published by Channel View Publications
     historiographies.                                   ISBN 1845410432                                       Festivals, Tourism and Social
     Comment: “This collection is the first really                                                             Change: Remaking Worlds
     penetrating analysis of tourism in the              Learning the Arts of Linguistic
     contemporary Middle East. It covers a variety                                                             Edited by David Picard and Mike Robinson
     of appropriate topics, including investment,        Survival: Languaging, Tourism,                        (Leeds Metropolitan University)
     post-colonialism, neo-colonialism,                  Life
     gentrification, stratification, exploitation,                                                                                         This book explores
     representation, and virtual tourism, in chapters                                                                                      the linkages between
                                                         Alison Phipps (University of Glasgow)                                             tourism and festivals
     written by a range of Middle Eastern,
     European and American authorities. This is                                                                                            and the various ways
     absolutely the most important book on tourism                                   In this ground-                                       in which each
     and the Middle East ever written to date.”                                      breaking contribution                                 mobilises the other to
                                                                                     to the study of                                       make social realities
     Nelson Graburn, Professor of Anthropology,                                      tourism and                                           meaningful. Drawing
     University of California – Berkeley, USA                                        language, Alison                                      upon a series of
                                                                                     Phipps examines                                       international cases,
     Published by Channel View Publications                                          what happens when                                     festivals are
     ISBN 1845410505                                                                 tourists learn to speak                               examined as ways of                                                 other languages.                                      responding to various
                                                                                     From ordering a           forms of crisis - social, political, economic -
                                                                                     coffee to following       and as a way of re-making and re-animating
     Cultural Tourism in a Changing                                                  directions, Alison        spaces and social life. Importantly, this book
     World: Politics, Participation                                                  Phipps argues             locates festivals in the constantly changing,
     and (Re)presentation                                passionately for a new perception of the              socio-economic and political contexts that they
                                                         relationship between tourism and languages            always operate in and respond to - contexts that
     Edited by Melanie K. Smith (University of           from one based on the acquisition of basic,           are both historical and modern at the same
     Greenwich) and Mike Robinson (Leeds                 functional skills to one which sustains and           time. Tourism is bound closely together with
     Metropolitan University)                            even strengthens intercultural dialogue. The          such contexts; feeding and challenging
                                                         twelve chapters comprising this book tell             festivals with audiences that are increasingly
                                At the interface         stories of the experience of learning and             transient and transnational. Tourism
                                between culture and      speaking tourist languages. Drawing on a range        interrogates notions of ritual and tradition,
                                tourism lies a series of of disciplines, Alison Phipps takes the reader        shapes new spaces and creates, and renews,
                                deep and challenging on a journey through risk, way-finding,                   relationships between participants and
                                issues relating to how mistakes, laugher, conversations and the                observers. No longer can we dismiss tourists
                                we deal with issues of imagination. She provides rich descriptions of          simply as value neutral and crass consumers of
                                political engagement, the world of language learning which has                 spectacle, nor tourism as some inevitable
                                social justice,          remained invisible to mainstream studies of           commercial force. Tourism is increasingly
                                economic change,         language education, existing as it does on the        complicit in the festival processes of re-
                                belonging, identity      margins of educational life. She shows how            invention, and in forming new patterns of
                                and meaning. This        tourism is shaped by the learning experiences         social existence.
                                book introduces          of everyday life. Languages, she argues
     researchers, students and practitioners to a        passionately, fundamentally change the nature         Comment: “A sophisticated, nuanced
     range of interesting and complex debates            of perception, dwelling and relationship to           exploration of tourist festivals in a global
     regarding the political and social implications other people and the world. This book will be             world. Festivals are seen as encapsulations of
     of cultural tourism in a changing world.            essential reading for all those interested in         peak experiences, as times when societies
     Concise and thematic theoretical sections           tourism studies and in modern language                become most alive, when they express and
     provide the framework for a range of case           education. It is a timely study, coming at a time     construct key values and relationships. A
     studies, which contextualise and exemplify the of crisis in languages, as English exerts its              major contribution.”
     issues raised. Emphasis is placed on politics       power as a world language and as a dominant
     and policy, community participation and             language of tourism.                                  Edward M. Bruner, Professor Emeritus of
     empowerment, authenticity and                                                                             Anthropology, University of Illinois, USA
     commodification, and interpretation and             Comment: “In this beautifully written, poetic,
     representation. The book focuses on both            and brilliantly insightful book, Alison Phipps        Published by Channel View Publications
     traditional and popular culture, and explores       addresses the social, cultural, and political         ISBN 1845410475
     some of the tensions between cultural               implications of learning to speak a tourist’s
     preservation and social transformation. The         language and its broader implications for a
     book is divided into thematic sections - Politics meaningful sense of dialogue, cultural change,
     and Policy; Community Participation and             and democracy itself. This may be one of the

Tea and Tourism: Tourists,                        throughout the world. In addition, it is an         ‘sustainability’, of ‘eco tourism’ and ‘regional
                                                  essential purchase for the increasing number        identity’. These issues also form part of his
Traditions and Transformations                    of students studying modules on small               current research which focuses upon the
                                                  businesses as part of their final year              materiality of identities in the Wachau region
Edited by: Lee Jolliffe (University of New        undergraduate and postgraduate degree               of Austria.
Brunswick, Canada)                                programmes. One of the key features of this
                                                  book is its clear focus on breaking new ground      The book is published in German but we hope
                           The global             by reporting recent research and theorising on      it can be made available in English in the
                           production,            small firms in tourism. In many cases, the          future. For further details please contact:
                           marketing and          analysis provided by contributors will    
                           consumption of tea     carefully relate small business behaviour to
                           present a resource for issues of wider concern to tourism academics
                           tea-related tourism.
                                                                                                      Researching Leisure, Sport and
                                                  and policy-makers. It is also distinctive for its
                           This book profiles     overt emphasis on contrasting European              Tourism: The Essential Guide
                           tea cultures and       experiences. These characteristics contrast
                           examines the social, with the existing literature on small firms in        Jonathan Long (Leeds Metropolitan
                           political and          tourism and hospitality, particularly in Europe.    University)
                           developmental          Previous literature achieved their aims by
                           contexts of using      providing valuable syntheses of existing                                     This is a
related traditions for touristic purposes. It     literature. Now that such 'taking of stock' has                              comprehensive and
views tea-related tourism for differing                                                                                        informative book
                                                  been undertaken, there is a demand for more
disciplinary perspectives and from marketing, overtly research-based texts that are                                            written especially for
planning and developmental viewpoints. The                                                                                     new and inexperienced
                                                  nevertheless accessible to a wide audience.                                  researchers in the
book examines the transformation of
                                                                                                                               fields of leisure, sport
indigenous and imported tea traditions into       This book does exactly that. It focuses on                                   and tourism, both full-
experiences for tourists. Profiling these tea     small firms in European tourism. It breaks new                               time students and
experiences from around the world (including: ground by being a research-based text that                                       people in employment
the UK, Sri Lanka, India, China, Kenya,           remains accessible to a wide audience. It is an                              having to conduct their
Taiwan and Canada), the volume reveals the        excellent resource for those researching small                               own research or make
ways in which tea’s heritage is adapted for       business and tourism in transitional economies                               use of other people's
consumption. This is the first definitive work worldwide.                                             research. Unlike generic research texts that do
on ‘tea tourism’. Global tea tourism trends are                                                       not 'speak' to people in this field, this richly
identified, while case examples provide fresh                                                         flavoured book immediately engages the
perspectives on the on-going transformation of
                                                  Culture? Yes, Naturally! -                          reader by using subject-specific examples and
tea for tourism purposes.                         Formation and Representation                        explaining the central methodological issues in
                                                  of Cultural Heritage in the Hohe                    straightforward terms. By showing students
Comment: “This is a fascinating book that                                                             what they can do to assess, manage and reduce
gives us an opportunity to understand how tea
                                                Tauern National Park Region of                        the time they spend on research, Researching
and tourism have a common purpose; to bring Austria                                                   in Sport, Leisure and Tourism will help them
communities together to enhance                                                                       achieve a better balance in their course work.
communication between people of all ages,                                                             It will quickly establish itself as the key
                                                Josef Ploner (Leeds Metropolitan University)          methodological book in the field
backgrounds and cultures.”
                                                                           As part of his
Louise Roberge, President, Tea Association of                              research in Austria,       Royal Endorsement for CTCC
Canada                                                                     CTCC researcher
                                                                           Josef Ploner is            Bernard Donoghue, Head of Government and
Published by Channel View Publications                                     delighted with the         Public Affairs at UK national tourist board,
ISBN 1845410564                                                            arrival of his first       Visit Britain and adviser to the British Royal                                            book published by the      Households on tourism related matters has
                                                                           University of Vienna,      provided an endorsement for the CTCC’s Phil
Tourism in the New Europe:                                                 Institute of European      Long and colleague Nicola Palmer’s book,
                                                                           Ethnology. In the          Royal Tourism: Excursions around Monarchy.
Perspectives on SME Policies                                                                          Bernard writes, "This is a timely,
                                                                           book Josef addresses
and Practices (Advances in                                                 questions about the        authoritative and valuable study into Royalty
Tourism Research)                                                          meanings of cultural       and Tourism. At a time when it has been
                                                heritage in Austria’s largest and oldest              calculated that the British Royal Family are
                                                National Park region. But, rather than                responsible for bringing in over £9billion
Edited by Rhodri Thomas (Leeds                                                                        every year in overseas tourism spending, the
                                                focussing on conventional critiques linked to
Metropolitan University) and Marcjanna                                                                relationship between tourism and Royalty
                                                the ‘museumification of landscape’ or notions
Augustyn (University of Hull)                                                                         requires understanding, appreciation and
                                                of ‘staged authenticity’, Josef explores the
                                                discursive formation of ‘cultural heritage’ and       serious study; this book provides that." The
                        The book represents a                                                         book is scheduled for publication soon as part
                                                traces the various ways in which (asupposedly
                        state of the art review                                                       of the Channel View Tourism and Cultural
                        of key research on      genuine ‘alpine’, ‘national’, and more often
                                                ‘European’) ‘cultural heritage’ becomes               Change book series. It contains ground
                        small firms in tourism                                                        breaking international contributions on the
                                                mediated and functionalised in various
                        in relation to                                                                complex and fascinating historical and
                                                narratives, materialities and tourist
                        European integration.                                                         contemporary connections between tourism
                                                imaginaries. By conceptualising the protected
                        It is, therefore, an                                                          and royalty from several theoretical
                                                case area as a ‘user interface’ and a
                        essential resource for                                                        perspectives.
                                                ‘laboratory’ for different, yet intertwining
                        those engaged in
                                                interest groups and actors, the book also
                        research relating to                                                          For further details please contact
                                                reflects upon contemporary perspectives
                        tourism SMEs in                                                     
                        transitional economies concerning ideologies, the politics of

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The Centre for Tourism and
Cultural Change
Established in 2001, the CTCC is one of the          Goals. In seeking to provide greater              If you are interested in our work, training or
leading international platforms for tourism          understanding as to the complex and changing      study opportunities, or the services we offer,
research. As a transdisciplinary research            relationships which exist between international   please get in touch. If you are visiting the UK
organisation with a global network of research       tourism and culture(s), we wish to maximise       and would like to arrange to meet us please
partners and professional collaborators, the         the potential of tourism to promote and support   contact us in advance.
focus of our work is on the multi-dimensional        cultural diversity, stimulate intercultural
relationships which exist between tourism and        dialogue, while maintaining a critical and        Further information at our website
culture(s). Tourism is one of the most important     creative approach. As part of Leeds     
and rapidly expanding economic, social and           Metropolitan University we are able to draw
cultural phenomena of the contemporary world.        upon a wide range of academic and
According to the United Nations World                professional knowledge, expertise and
Tourism Organisation, tourism has become             experience relating to tourism, culture and
globally the most important economic sector          related fields. Collectively, and through our
since the mid-1990s and is expected to continue      international network of partners and contacts,
its rapid growth. By 2020 it is estimated that       we have access to a significant body of
there will be more than 1.5 billion annual           knowledge concerning tourism and culture.
tourist arrivals worldwide.

Through academic research, collaborative
projects, consultancy, conferences,
publications, professional development and
postgraduate programmes, we aim to contribute
to a more comprehensive understanding of the
complexities of tourism as a global
phenomenon at different social and political
scales. Through our partners and conference
series, we animate one of the largest
multidisciplinary networks of tourism scholars
in the world. With more than 20 twenty
researchers and staff hosted in the Old School
Board building in the heart of Leeds, the CTCC
offers one of the most vibrant environments for
the postgraduate, doctoral and postdoctoral
study of tourism and culture relationships.

We are interested in the theoretical and political
issues related to tourism / tourist culture,
tourism development, and the mobilisation of
cultural resources by, and for, the tourism
sector. We are also interested in assessing the
potential of tourism to promote and support
cultural diversity, stimulate intercultural
dialogue and contribute to the achievement of
the United Nations Millennium Development
Contact Us
If you are engaged in research with regard to tourism
and cultural change, or are involved in exciting
projects with the tourism and cultural sector, we
would be pleased to hear about your work.

Please contact us:

Professor Mike Robinson
Chair of Tourism and Culture
Director, Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change
Faculty of Arts and Society
Leeds Metropolitan University
Old School Board
Calverley Street
Leeds LS1 3ED

Tel.     +44 (0)113 283 8540
Fax.     +44 (0)113 283 8544

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