Agreement of past participle with 'avoir' verbs by peisty474

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									Agreement of past participle with 'avoir' verbs

Until now, you have been taught that the past participle of 'avoir' verbs does not change
(unlike 'être' verbs such as 'je suis allée', 'nous sommes restés' etc). However there are
occasions when the past participle of avoir verbs does have to change. These are :

1.     When they are used in the same clause as a direct object pronoun (like 'it' or
       'them')

       e.e     je l'ai vu              If the l' refers to a masculine singular object, then
                                       there is no change

               je l'ai vue             If the l' refers to a feminine singular object, then
                                       an 'e' has to be added to the end.

               je les ai vus           Here, the 'les' must be referring to a masculine,
                                       plural object

               je les ai vues          Here the 'les' must be referring to a feminine,
                                       plural object



2.     When the verb is used in a relative clause linked by 'que'

       e.g. the book that I read, the clothes that she wore

       le livre que j'ai lu                     as 'livre' is mac sing, there is no change to
                                                the past participle

       les vêtements qu'elle a portés           as 'vêtements' is masc plural, an 's' needs
                                                to be added to the past participle

       la voiture qu'elle a achetée             'voiture' is feminine singular



3.     After 'combien de....', 'quel...' etc in questions

       Combien de fautes as-tu remarquées?              How many faults (fem pl) have you
                                                        noticed?

       Quels livres as-tu lus?                          How many books (masc. pl) have
                                                        you read?
Make up sentences below, replacing the underlined noun with a direct object pronoun.
Once you have done this, make any necessary changes to the past participle.

1.     J'ai oublié mes cahiers.

       get correct object pronoun :               les (them)
       put in correct place in sentences :        je les ai oublié
       check gender of 'cahiers'                  masc. plural
       make change to past participle             je les ai oubliés

2.     Elle a vu les filles.


3.     Elle a pris le train.


4.     Nous avons acheté les carottes


5.     Ils ont mangé toutes les pommes


6.     Ma mère a regardé la télé.


7.     Elle a écrit les lettres.


8.     Nous avons volé les vélos.


9.     Elles ont voulu mes chaussures.


10.    J'ai lu le livre


11.    Je n'ai pas regardé les actualités


12.    Elle a préparé le repas.

								
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