+ PAST PARTICIPLE (= PASSIVE)

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                                           LESSON NO. 94




                                PART I:     BEFORE THE BROADCAST


MENGATUR/MENYURUH SUPAYA SESUATU D/KERJAKAN OLEH ORANG LA/N
Da/am bahasa /nggeris kite seringleali ingin menje/aslean apaleah sesuetu ha/ alean dileerjalean o/eh
pembicara sendiri atauleah alean diatur supaya di/aleulean o/eh orang lain. Da/am bahasa /nggeris lisan
cara yang paling sering dipaleai untuk menyatalean bahwa pembicara alean mengatur supaya sesuatu ha/
dikerjalean o/eh orang lain ia/ah dengan menggunalean kete leerja GET.
GET something DONE
Lihat/ah contoh-contoh berikut:



     (a) Chris:    Dad, the brakes on the truck are        Chris:      Dad, the brakes on the truck are
                   pretty bad.                                         pretty bad.
          Bert:    Yes, I know. I'm going to repair        Bert:       Yes, I know. I'm going to GET
                   them tomorrow.                                      them repairED tomorrow.

          Da/am eontoh ini,       8ett    sendiri   sken   Da/am ha/ ini: 8ert alean minta totonq
          memperbelki remnya.                              orang lain untule memperbaileinya.




     (b) Iwan:     I've bought a new record. Is your       Iwan:       I've bought a new record. Is your
                   record-player working? I'd like to                  record-player working? I'd like to
                   listen to this record.                              listen to this record.
          Chris:   Yes, the player's working. I fixed it   Chris:      Yes, it's working. I GOT it fixED
                   last week.                                          last week.

          Yang dimeksudken Chris ia/ah dia sendiri         Orang lain memperbaileinya   learena
          memperbaileinya.                                 diminta o/eh Chris, dan Chris haws
                                                           membayar.




Da/am kedue eontoh yang terdapat da/am kolom di sebe/ah lcanan. siapa yang mengerjalean ha/ yang
dimsksudken tidale/ah penting, learena itu tidsk disebutlean. Po/a dengan kete leerja GET di atas ia/ah:
Po/a 1:                   GET    +
                                {KATA 8ENDA }                  +       PAST PARTICIPLE (= PASSIVE)
                                   KATA GANT/                          (dariKATA KERJA UTAMA)
GET something DONE by (seseorang khusus)
Selearang lihat/ah eontoh-eontoh berileut:

                      I                                            I
(a)	 The Johnsons ARE GEnIN~· their house paintED BY Munro and James. Da/am eontoh ini,
     lee/uarga Johnson tidale alcan mengeeat sendiri rumahnya. Rumah tersebut alean dicet o/eh
     perusahaan yang bernama Munro andJames. Ke/uarga Johnson aleanmengatur supaya orang lain
     mengeeat rumahnya.

  • Di sini bentuk Present Continuous menunjukksn masa depan. Lihat/ah Lesson 96.
                                                                                                        54

(b) Next week you [can GET your fortune tOLD BY             I the famous fortune-teller, Sri Sukarti.
    Nasib kita tidak akan kita ramal sendin, tetapi hal ini akan dilakukan oleh orang lain ketene kita
    mints.
    Dalam Pola ini. Pola 2. kita ingin menekankan apa yang dilakukan. dan juga ingin menarik perhatian
    padll siaplI yllng mengerjakllnnya (karena pelsku tersebut adalah seseorang tertentulkhusus}.
Pola2: GET+{KATABENDA}                   +   PASTPARTICIPLE             +      BY       +     KATABENDA
             KATA GANTI                      (dariKATA KERJA                                  (NAMA
                                             UTAMA) (= PASSIVE)                               PELAKUNYA)




GET someone TO DO something
Kadang-kadang kita berbicara tentang bet-het seperti dalam contoh Pola 1-2. tetapi juga ingin lebih
menekllnklln pelllkunyll. Dalam hal ini kita memakai bentuk Aktip. dan buken Pasip.

Pola 3:

GET +                KA TA BENDA
                     KA TA GANTI
                                         1
                                        + TO + BENTUK DASAR
                                                 (dari KA TA KERJA
                                                                        (+ KATA BENDA)

                   {
                        (PELAKU)                  UTAMA)

Contoh:

Jane (di tilpon):      Mum, can we borrow your lawnmower for the week-end? Ours is broken.

Margaret:              Of course. I'll   I GETyour father TO TAKE it lover there tomorrow, when he goes
                       past your place on a job. (= Saya akan mime ayah membawanya ke situ besok
                       kalau ialewat rumahmu.)

Dalam contoh ini. Margaret tidak akan membawa sendiri alatpemotong rump ut itu ke tempat Jane. Dia
akan minta or/lng tetn, Bert. mengantarkannya. Dan karena bagi Margaret siapa yang melakukan lebih
penting dari pada apa 'tang dilakukan. mek» ia memakai pola kalimat yang memberi tekanan pada
pelskunya.

                            Perhatikanlah tenses yang digunakan dengan get.

                                   TENSES                     TENSES

             My record-player       needS      fixing, so   I'LL GET
                                                                             someone TO fix it
                                                            I'M GETTING

             My record-player       needED fixing, so       I GOT            it fixED




HAVE something DONE
HAVE juga dapat digunakan untuk menunjukkan pengertian menyuruh sesuatu dilakukan. tetapi hanya

dalam pote-pol« kalimat pasip (seperti Pola 1 dan 2 kata kerja get).

Berikut ini beberapa contoh:


Jane:               Lucia looked very pretty this afternoon, didn't she?
Margaret:           Yes. She HAD her hair CUT- last week. She looks better with it short.
Jane:               Do you know where she HAD it doNE?
Margaret:           I think she HAD it CUT BY THE NEW GIRL at the local hairdresser's (= kapsalon
                    setempet).
                            - Juga dipakai ungkapan: have a haircut.
55

                                  TENSES                    TENSES

             My record-player      needS    fixing, so    I'LL HAVE
                                                          I'M HAVING      it fixED
             My record-player      needED fixing, so      IHAD

WANT something DONE
Kita dapat mengatakan:                                      I'll get someone TO fix the mower. (Aktip)
                                                  atau:     I'll get the mower fixED.          (Pasip)
Demikian juga kite dspst mengatakan:                       I want someone TO fix the
                                                           mower.                    (Aktip)
                                                  atau:    I want the mower fixED.   (Pasip)
Orang:                  I WANT this suit dry-cleanED, please. (= Saya mau meneueikan sete/an
                        ini.)
Pe/ayan toko penatu:    Certainly. It'll be ready on Saturday.
Catatan: I'd like juga dapat digunakan, misa/nya,
  Orang (kepada pe/ayan toko penatu): I'D LIKE this suit dry-cleanED, please.


BE READY FOR THESE WORDS AND PHRASES IN THE BROADCAST

     a hinge [HINJ] = engse/                 dry-clean [DRAI KLlN] = meneuei pakaian seeara
     a sleeve [SLIv] = /engan baju                                                        kimia
     a washer [WOSYa] == ring (untuk         examine [igVEMan] = mene/iti
     kran)                                   lengthen     [LENGthan] = memperpanjang/
     a player rPLEI81 = record-clever                                     memanjangkan
     a driver's licence [DRAlvazlaisans]     shorten [SYOtan] = memperpendekfmemendekksn
     surat ijin mengemudi (S/M)              renew [raNYO] = memperpanjang masa ber/akunya
                                                                   (misa/nya S/M, pespor. dsb.)
                                             leak [LIK] = boeor
     You'd better bring your suit out (from your room) = Lebih baik kau ambi/ sete/anmu (dari
     kamarmu)




                                PART 11:    AFTER THE BROADCAST

PERBENDAHARAAN KATA TAMBAHAN
take after someone [TEIK..AFta ...]    =   menyerupai
                                                   build a room on to the back of a house = menambah
                                                                      kamar di bagian be/akang rumah

a photographer [faTOGrafa] = tukang potret           strengthen    [STRENGthan]           memperkuat/
a hairdresser's [HE8dresaz] = kapsa/on                                                     menguatkan
                                                     widen [WAldan]    }
a tailor [TElla] = penjahit pakaian pria             broaden [BROdan] = memperlebar/me/ebarkan
a dressmaker [DRESmeika] = penjahit pakaian          deepen [Dlpan] = memperda/am
                                         wanita      sharpen [SYApan] = mempertajam/mengasah
Catatan Tambahan:	      Perhatikan/ah kata-kata kerja yang berakhir dengan -en, shorten, widen,
                        broaden, deepen, sharpen, lengthen, strengthen, di mana -en berarti to make
                        shorter, wider, dsb.
                                                                                                           56

EXERCISES
A.	 Baca/ah bacaan berikut, kemudian jawab/ah pertanyaan-pertanyaannya. dengan singkat di mana
    mungkin.
    Neighbour: We'd like an extra room built on to the back of our house. Do you think Bert would do
                it for us?
    Margaret:   I'm sure he would. I'll get him to come and see you about it.
    1.	 Do the neighbours want Bert to build them an extra room?
    2.	 Will Margaret ask Bert to go and see the neighbours?
    3.	 If the neighbours had wanted a garage built, what might their first sentence have been?
    4.	 Will the neighbours build the room themselves, or will they have it built by someone else?

B.	 Da/am Kotom 1 di bawah ini terdapat ungkapan-ungkapan yang merupakan bagian pertama
    sejum/ah pernyataan. sedangkan da/am Kolom 2 dibedkan bagian kedua dad pernyataan­
    pernyataan tersebut secara sembarangan. Pi/ih/ah ungkapan-ungkapan yang cocok dad Kolom 2
    untuk menyempurnakan ka/imat-ka/imat pada Kotom 1. Kemudian tu/iskan/ah ka/imat yang
    /engkap.
    Contoh:                 Kolom 1	                                         Kolom 2

               (i)	   My coat's dirty                                so I got my son to mow it

              (ii)    My watch had stopped	                          so I'll get it dry-cleaned

             (iii)    The lawn needed mowing	                        so I had it repaired

Tu/is/ah sebagai berikut: 1. My coat's dirty, so I'll get it dry-cleaned ... dsb.
       Sekarang /akukan/ah /atihan berikut seperti contoh di atas.


               1.	    My hair was too long                           so he got one made

               2.	 The lawn needs mowing                             so I'll have to get a man to fix it

               3.	 The roof's leaking                                so I got it cut last week

               4.	 Chris's player was broken                         so I'll get Chris to mow it

               5.	    Mr Smart needed a new suit                     but he had it fixed yesterday


C.	 Baca/ah dengan te/iti bacaan berikut, kemudian isi/ah titik-titik da/am bacaan tersebut dengan kata
    yang tepat dad daftar kata-kata di da/am tanda kurung.
    Don and Jane are talking at home on Monday evening.
    Don: And the boss wants                   to go to a conference          Thursday and Friday. He's asked
          me to go instead of             . I don't really          meetings but I'll have      go. Oh. and
          there's          dinner on Thursday night. He               us both to go to it.     need to wear
          my dark suit to the dinner. Is it O.K.             does it need to be dry-cleaned?
    Jane: I'll have a look           it and get it         if it needs it.
                              (at, like, me, him. a. wants, to. or, I'll, on, dry-cleaned)

D.	 Sekarang jawab/ah pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut tentang bacaan da/am Exercise C. Berikan/ah
    jawaban singkat di mana mungkin.
    (1)	   Is the boss going to the meeting?          (5) Does the boss want Jane to go to the
    (2)	   Does Don want to go to the meeting?            dinner?
    (3)	   Will he go?                                (6) Why does Don need his dark suit? (He )
    (4)	   When is the dinner? (It's ...)             (7) Will Jane dry-clean it?