sino japan relationship in the context of sept11 and aftermath by luckboy

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									Sino-Japan Relationship in the context of Sept.11 and aftermath
(Briefing of some view-points)
Dr. Wang Yizhou, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing

A. Crucial but tough relationship l There are increasing frictions between a rising power (China) and a status-quo power with some stagnation. The increasing concerns on China’s behavior as well as its intensions have been appeared in Japan. In China, too, there is some emotional angry to out-side criticizes. It’s a sort of nationalism, for good for bad, growing in recent years and quick-spread in younger generation. l One must understand the fact that the two nations, China and Japan, have huge potentials, in terms of territory, population, productivity and international influence, no other countries in A and a few in world can catch up with it. sia Asia’s future development depends in very large extent on the “Sino-Japan axis”: the good for these two countries connection will benefit all others in this area, On the contrary all nations will suffer from the contradiction and confrontations even between two powers. l The trends of regional integration various in current globe (EU and NAFTA, for instance) are kind of stimulation for Asia generally and China-Japan especially. It’s no doubt that there was invasion to China by Japan decades ago. The rejection to this fact by a few right wings in Japan is not only to harm the feeling but also damage the base for good future between us. Yet, on the other hand, the fact mentioned above should not wipe out another fact of a long mutual- friendship in history of the relation. What’s more is that the tragic and short history must not be the obstacle to coordination pioneering the brighter era for the people, must not be the obstacle to open- minded thinking among think-tanks and elites of two countries looking for strategic bearing points. l What situation we want to choice or prefer to see in followings: 1) Peaceful co-existing and mutual-benefiting each other, or 2) “no mountain for two tigers”, said by a Chinese idiom? How to keep two nations from historical entanglements and emotional impulse, and to build the relationship over national interests under a far-reaching frame? What should politicians do, with open- mind and thoughtful insight in both countries, for the new direction and new approaches without being put in a tight spot by media often and mass emotion sometime? How we can respect the grand history and go beyond the special history? B. Linkage between Domestic reform and international relation: some implications to China and Japan l Both country face difficult task of domestic political transformation alongside the important transition of political leadership from the aged to younger. In China, for example, the 16th Communist Party Congress will be held in second half of next

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year, which in my judge is a cornerstone in reform history of the country. Younger generations will occupy more and more crucial positions in the fields of political leadership, economic business and foreign affairs. In Japan given the long-heavy stagnation and the social-mass dissatisfaction, too, there must be some structural reform to be promoted though with different nature and in different style. Brave decision seemly becomes the axis of a new period of re-start of the country. In large extent the far-reaching relationship between Japan and China depends on how domestic reform, especially political ones, of both countries go forward, whether it can or can’t success, what kind of ideologies will be put dominantly available in both countries. History always show the linkage between a up-dated internal polity and a moderate-open international policies, on the one hand; the one between a negative-anxious domestic atmosphere and a rudely-pressed foreign policies. Without enough abilities to voice loudly, mini states can be decided by out-side elements in its foreign politics and orientations; large powers like China and Japan can’t be formed for ever in its international stand by the same factors. After call, powers go forward in its own will and ability. My basic point right now is that when we countries ready well internally including health nation building and good social mindhood, China and Japan will overcome decidedly boring obstacles and tough questions. Or, both sides could get into some dilemmas both don’t want to seek for if two nations have not be aware of this inner logic clearly and wisely.

C. Revelations from IR theory and from Germany-France relationship l Normal relationship among powers: Healthy and sounded relationship among accountable countries, especially those in important position over international stage could appear when keeping certain frictions under the control of regimes and norms, the whole history tells us. l The effect of “SPILL-OVER” in process of integration: The experience of EU during last half century has proven that effective regional cooperation can gradually produce positive results which’s unpredicted in start of the process. l The mutual changes among different political cultures: Theoretical studies show pervasively that “Hobbs Culture”, “Locke Culture” and “Kant Culture” can be exchanged each other under some conditions and environments. This a sort of Constructive course, to be called. l A Typical case: From the “War birthplace” in old Europe to the Growth locomotive” in new Europe: Learning from the engagement Germany and France. Such as-l Co-existing peacefully with nation feathers in making; l Keep nervous eyes on radical nationalism and curb toughly on militarism; l Develop economical cooperation from lower to higher levels with certain regimes; l Setting up a multi-structure of dialogue in all tracks, especially in security area; l Monetary engagement and playing leading role in the region;

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Remember history and surmount history at same time, last but most important.

D. The Event of Sept. 11 and aftermath gives challenging opportunities: l The Event is a turning point in modern history of United States, at fields of security, economy, society and political culture as well. This event has produced serious consequences and will continually make huge pressures to reshape the global and regional integrations both in style and content. The Event produces an international coalition, for the first time, against terrorism and a new orientation, on the new era of the century, for cooperation and adjustment of policies among countries, especially those in the stake and those as powers.The anti-terrorism campaigns may face a lot of difficulties and problems as we witness today as U.S. military strike in Afghanistan. Can traditional measures promoted by U.S.Army destroy fully such sort of terrorism as Bin Larden? How to keep confuse terrorism term with certain religions and ethnic groups? What comprehensive consequences it could produce in such sensitive area as central Asia, when U.S. activities last too long in particular? In particular, China and Japan may find out, among others, an important logic from this event that one country’ stability can’t be separated from others, and the guarantee of security has to be cooperated with other. Traditional approaches including military strike and defense build-up are very limited and, sometime, may easy to get stuck in the mud.The Event gives a significant lesson that current terrorism widely located is deeply rooted in current regimes of international order economically, politically and ideologily. The trouble is not between U.S. as a power country and Bin Laden as a evil person. It’s a contradiction within current international arrangements, instead. The crises in the Middle East, between some poorest South and certain advanced North, so on, is the hotbed for disappear, despair and hostility. Therefore, if international community hopes to wipe out the terrorism from our globe, the right direction of work is to solve these problems, even if toughly and hardly. What is new security versus new threat? It’s still a question. I believe firmly that to promote the anti terrorism campaign, international community needs not only certain activities in material levels but also deep thoughts in our mindhood about current world order and its arrangements. Without enough adjustment and new regime, all of us will see nothing but continuing confrontations and conflicts.[Dr. Wang Yizhou is Deputy Director and senior research fellow in the Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP) at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), one of the most influential research institutions at Beijing. Dr. Wang is also a professor of international relations at the Graduate school of CASS, and Editor in chief, World Economics and Politics, one of CASS academic magazine publishing monthly. Professor Wang had been the visiting scholar invited by Hungary Academy of Sciences (1987-1988) and Harvard University (1996-1997). He has written and issued more than ten books at Mainland China and Taiwan. There are, among others, International Politics in the West: History and Theories (1998) and An Analyze on Contemporary International Politics (1995). Dr. Wang is now conducting a research group gathering experts from institutes of CASS, Defense University of PLA, and

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Harvard University on a three- year project, supported by Ford Foundation, on relationship between China and keystone international organizations like WTO, APEC, CTBT, UNSC, WORLD BANK, etc. The latest book of Dr. Wang, The Rising China and its Foreign Policies in Era of Globalization, is forthcoming.]

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