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					OPENCities – a driver for successful cities

URBACT II : CITY LAB Benefiting from Migration

26th May 2009
Brussels

Damian Duffy Lead Expert OPENCities
OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities

Falling Transport Costs Free Trade/Geo-Political Shift • An important factor that has driven globalisation over the last 50 years is the significant falls in the costs of transportation. • Containerisation and haulage have dramatically increased the capacity and speed with which goods can be transported around the globe and domestically. • This has reduced the need for goods to be manufactured near to the consumer. • Recently there has also been significant falls in the cost of air travel allowing people to move easily around the world. • Since World War II and especially since the fall of the Soviet Bloc, there has been a strong commitment by many nations to free trade. • This is achieved in principle through reducing tariffs and other barriers to trade. • There have been numerous multi-lateral trade agreements between countries and overseen by the World Trade Organisation. • The establishment of the EU has allowed and encouraged the free movement of goods, services and capital between its member states.

Advances in Technology • There have been significant advances in information and communication technology over the last 20-30 years. • This has facilitated information exchange and has lowered transactions costs. • Combined with lower transportation costs, this has enabled firms to outsource different elements of their business to various locations and hence the growth of multinationals. • There is also a direct effect with new technology industries offering opportunities and a greater need for skills.

Mobility of People • Both internal and international migration have been drivers of globalisation. • The willingness and ability of people to move has provided an increasingly flexible labour market • Internal both inter- and intraregional migration has increased steadily over the last few decades. • International migration has also been on the increase, with indications suggesting that this trend will accelerate in the coming years,

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
OPENCities Drivers

Long Term Drivers: Economic Internationalisation. Human mobility and demographics. Environmental change and challenge. Technology development. Urbanisation of poverty and inequality. Continental governance. How cities and regions respond matters. Governance, investment, strategy, leadership, marketing & branding, catalyst, collaboration, inclusion, openness …

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
OPENCities QUESTIONS ???
• • • •
What is Openness ? Openness is the ability of cities to attract and retain international populations over time… What is an OPENCity ? What is it OPEN for ? Who is OPEN to ? How do you plan to create more OPENCities ?

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OPENCities is also about the positive aspects of the social and economic integration of economic migrants

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities

OPENCities DRIVERs
•
•
What attracts (ATTRACTION) migrants to a particular city ?
What factors would encourage migrants to stay in a particular city (RETENTION) ?

ATTRACTION

RETENTION

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities

OPENCities DRIVERs
•
• •
What attracts (ATTRACTION) migrants to a particular city ?
What factors would encourage migrants to stay in a particular city (RETENTION) ? How can cities losing skilled workers adopt proactive approaches to seek the (RETURN) of their workers ?

ATTRACTION

RETENTION

RETURN

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
OPENCities – What are we trying to achieve ?

• • •

Consider the positive aspects of the attraction and retention of migrant workers International populations contribution to cities success Human capital is mobile and skilled workers can choose where they want to locate

•
•

In order to be attractive to international populations (economic migrants) cities need to be open
Accept that immigration has central role to play in Lisbon agenda, cities need access to flexible workforce to develop

•

OPENCities will try to identify the links between migration and cities competitiveness
OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
OPENCities – Benefits of Migration

• • • • • •

Offers competitive advantage of diversity Flexible workers with new skills Intercultural interaction and dialogue enhances quality of life Efforts should be made to exploit the huge potential of the cultural and social diversity Knowledge economies require interaction and exchange of ideas New arrivals are spur to creativity and innovation

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
Openness Factors
Internationalisation Economic

Leadership Cultural low qualified migrants Accessibilty Amenity Regulatory

Risks and Security

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities OPENCities Factors and Measures
8 factors and 40 measures of Openness?
Economic factors: Regulatory factors: Cultural factors: Amenity factors: Population, Employment, Enterprise, Skills & Qualifications. Citizenship, Welfare, Health, Housing, social inclusion. Civic organisations, mixed marriages, creative expressions, media, food. Signage/information, language, education, retail, and neighbourhood mix.

Connectivity/Accessibility factors: Ports and Gateways, digital access, public transport, city centres. Internationalisation factors: Risk factors: Leadership factors: International populations, business, events, institutions, visitors, and students. Crime, security, disasters, deportation, racism and xenophobia. Diversity strategy, brand and belonging, voting and representation, active projects.

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
Refined Openness Factors Thematic Workshops
Leadership and Governance

low qualified migrants

Integration/ Inclusion

Internationalisation

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
OPENCities Emerging themes / Observations
• • • • • • •
Recent enlargement of EU has created flows of migrant workers across Europe Difficulties in some cities in tracking and measuring how many and which nationalities Economic growth creates demand for new arrivals Pressure on public sector budgets to support new arrivals Need to develop leadership resources for new groups to facilitate integration Language barriers to integration across generations Barriers to labour market, education and enterprise

•
• • •

Integration V Assimilation
Different groups of migrants – EU and third country nationals Population decline in many larger cities amongst indigenous population Need to ringfence ESF/ERDF funds to deal with integration challenges ????
OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
PAST IN IRELAND

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities
PAST PRESENT

OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.

OPENCities – a driver for successful cities

Damian Duffy OPENCities Lead Expert

Damian.Duffy@tribalgroup.co.uk
www.tribalgroup.co.uk
OPENCities is based on a concept developed by British Council and a network of European Cities led by Belfast.


				
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posted:12/17/2009
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