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									Chapter Three

  Ethical Films
       Ethical Films(伦理片)
Definition of Ethical Films:
Ethical Films are films with the ethics as its subject, and
serve as an exploration of the moral conducts and ethical
standards accepted in a society. Different from the other
kinds of film, such ethical subjects as love, marriage,
family, religion, generation gap and social problems can
be found in almost every ethical film. Therefore, they
enjoy broader ranges and come harder to define.
伦理片是指以伦理为主题的电影,它是对社会道德规范的探
讨。与其他片种不一样的地方在于,伦理的精神几乎体现在每
一部影片之中:爱情、婚姻、家庭、宗教、代沟、社会问题等
等都可以在伦理的范围之内,因此伦理片有着比其他片种更为
广阔的领域和更模糊的边界。
     Ethical Films(伦理片)
A List of Renowned Ethical Films:
 Kramer vs. Kramer《克莱默夫妇》(1979)
 Driving Miss Daisy《为黛西小姐开车》(1989)
 Rain Man《雨人》(1988)
 Forrest Gump《阿甘正传》(1994)
 Scent of a Woman《闻香识女人》(1992)
 The Best Years of Our Lives《黄金时代》(1946)
 A Place in the Sun《郎心似铁》(1951)
 A Street car Named Desire《欲望号街车》(1951)
 One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest《飞越疯人院》(1975)
 American Beauty《美国丽人》(1999)
 Wall Street《华尔街》(1987)
 Philadelphia《费城故事》(1993)
 Terms of Endearment《母女情深》(1983)
 Sophie’s Choice《索菲的选择》(1982)
Forrest Gump《阿甘正传》
     Tom Hanks (1956- )

Height: 5'11"
Religion: Greek
Orthodox Church,
his wife's choice
Hobbies: Surfing,
golf, hockey
      Tom Hanks (1956- )
Thomas J. Hanks was born on July 9, 1956 in
Concord, California. Hanks spent much of his
childhood moving about with his father, an
itinerant (巡回的) cook, and continually
attempting to cope with constantly changing
schools, religions, and stepmothers.
Hanks says that by the time he turned 10, he
already had “ three mothers, five grammar
schools and 10 houses ”; nevertheless, he
hates it when the news media say he came
from a broken home, because he feels he and
his family are still close.
       Tom Hanks (1956- )
After settling in Oakland, California, he began
performing in high school plays.
At age 20, he dropped out college to pursue
acting.
In 1978, in New York, he married his first wife,
actress-producer Samantha Lewes. Tom Hanks
was married to Samantha Lewes from 1978 to
1985 and has two children, Colin and Elizabeth.
He married Rita Wilson — who he met during
filming of the movie, Volunteers《志愿者》— on
April 30, 1988 and now has two children,
Chester and Truman.
         Tom Hanks (1956- )
in 1989, Tom Hanks won a Golden Globe Award,
the Los Angeles Film Critics Award and earned his
first Oscar nomination for his endearing role of a
little boy in a man’s body in Penny Marshall’s Big
《飞跃未来》.
 Tom Hanks has received two Best Actor Academy
Awards in 1994 and 1995. He became the first actor
in over 50 years to win consecutive Best Actor
Academy Awards when he captured his second
Oscar for his unforgettable performance in the title
role in Robert Zemeckis’ Forrest Gump. His work in
the film also brought him a Golden Globe Award
and a Screen Actors Guild honor.
        Tom Hanks (1956- )
The year prior, Hanks was honored with his first
Oscar (as well as another Golden Globe Award)
for Best Actor for his moving portrayal of AIDS-
stricken lawyer Andrew Beckett in Jonathan
Demme’s Philadelphia《费城故事》.
He won his fourth nomination for his leading role
of a WWII platoon captain leading a squadron in
search of a missing soldier in Steven Spielberg‘s
epic drama, Saving Private Ryan《拯救大兵瑞恩》.
He earned another Golden Globe nomination for
his work opposite Meg Ryan in the romantic
comedy Sleepless in Seattle《西雅图不眠夜》,
directed by Nora Ephron.
        Tom Hanks (1956- )
Hanks received widespread critical and audience
acclaim for his work as astronaut Jim Lovell in
the Academy Award nominated space epic Apollo
13《阿波罗13号》
          Tom Hanks (1956- )
His other film credits include Bachelor Party《疯狂今晚
夜》, A League of Their Own《女子棒球队/红粉联盟》,
Punchline《头条笑料》, Nothing in Common《对头冤家》
and The Money Pit《钱之坑》. Hanks also created the
voice of cowboy Woody in the Disney animated films Toy
Story《玩具总动员》 and Toy Story 2《玩具总动员2》.
Tom Hanks (1956- )
           Tom Hanks (1956- )




Sleepless in Seattle   The Terminal   Band of Brothers
 《西雅图不眠夜》              《幸福终点站》           《兄弟连》
Forrest Gump《阿甘正传》
US (1994) Paramount Pictures
Director: Robert Zemeckis
Cast:    Tom Hanks       Forrest Gump
          Gary Sinise    Lt. Dan
          Robin Wright Jenny
Awards:
The film won Oscars for Best Picture, Best
Actor, Best Director, Best Film Editing, Best
Visual Effects and Best Adapted Screenplay.

								
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