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Unit 11 The Sounds of the World

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Unit 11 The Sounds of the World Powered By Docstoc
					Unit 11

The Sounds of The World

How many kinds of music do you know? • • • • • • • • • • Pop music Rock music Classical music Country music Rap music Folk music Hip-pop Light music Blues music Symphony 流行音乐 摇滚音乐 古典音乐 乡村音乐 说唱音乐 民间音乐 希荷普 轻音乐 布鲁斯 交响乐

Period Two: Reading

Skimming
What is the passage about ?

• It’s a brief look at some of the exciting

musical styles from around the world.

Fast-Reading
Read the passage quickly and find the answer to the following question.

How many kinds of music are mentioned in the passage? What are they? 7 kinds of music

Pop music, Blues, Jazz, Rock, Hip-hop, Rap, Latin music

Find the topic sentence of each paragraph.

1. There is a world of music out there. 2. Blues music has a long history. 3. Today’s American culture contains many different musical styles.

4. Another important style in today’s world
of music is Latin music.

5. Open your ears to the sounds of the
world!

Reading For Detail
1. Blues music comes from _____________ .

A. Africa C. Latin America

B. North America D. Spain

2. The blues was brought to the US by ________. A. African singers C. African Musicians B. African slaves D. African artists

3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? A. Jazz, rock ,hip - hop , rap and Latin music are new musical styles. B. Now blues is not popular in the US any more. C. Hip - hop , rap and Latin music are very popular in the US. D. Hip - hop and rap are completely the same as blues and rock.

4. In the US, where there are many

Spanish – speaking people, Latin music is a big part of the culture. The culture here refers to ___________. A. African culture

B. Spanish-speaking people’s culture
C. Latin culture

D. Spanish culture

Decide true or false:

F 1. There are only a few styles of music in the
world.

F 2. Blues is a new style of music. F 3. Hip-hop and rap are completely different
from blues and rock.

T 4. Santana is a well-known Latin music artist. F 5. Rappers sing the words to their music.
T 6. There are many Spanish-speaking people in
both North and South America.

Post-reading: Answer the following questions: 1. Where does blues come from?

It comes from African music that was bought to the US.
2. What does the word “rap” mean?

It means to speak the words of a song along with the beat.
3.What is the characteristic of hip- hop music? It often combines parts of other styles to create music that will help people hear new things in old music.

4. What is the characteristic of rap? 1.The most important characteristic of rap music is the way the artist sing. 2.The singer or “rapper” will speak or “rap” the word along with the beat. 5. Why is Latin music so popular in the US?

It is popular partly because there are many Spanish-speaking people.

Post-Reading The structure of the passage
Give out the topic Expository 说明文 Explain the topic
Hip-hop and rap (Para3) Latin music (Para 4)

(Para 1)
The blues music (Para2)

Conclude the topic (Para 5)

Retell the whole text with the help of the key words: Paragraph 1. world---music---small part---pop--discover---sounds and rhythms---style Paragraph 2. blues---history---heart--characteristics---festivals---African--met---slaves---culture---jazz and rock

Paragraph 3. hip-hop and rap---in common---combine create---important-- way---speak---beat Paragraph 4. Latin music---traditional--Latin America---spread---Spanishspeaking---part---culture---popular--Santana and Ricky Martin---throughout
Paragraph 5. interesting style--variety---discover---corner --sounds--- world

suggestion n.

Words and Expressions
advice

Does anyone have a suggestion? 有谁要提出建议吗? The teacher made some useful suggestions to help us prepare for the examination. 老师提了一些有用的建议帮助我们准备考试。

give/make/offer a suggestion
提建议

1. suggest+ sth. May I suggest a toast?

suggest: vt. to advise 建议

2. suggest+doing/that…(should)… She suggested having lunch at the new restaurant.
她提议在那家新开的餐馆吃午餐。 I suggested to him that he (should)join the club activities. 我建议他应该参加该俱乐部活动。

Perform v. 表演 1. to give, act, or show (a play or a piece of music), especially in public. The magician performed several tricks.
魔术师表演了几个戏法。

She will be performing at the piano.
她将表演弹钢琴。 performance n. performer n.

perform v. 施行,执行 2. to do; carry out (a piece of work, an order, etc) The doctor performed the operation. 医生施行了手术。

Who will perform the marriage ceremony for them? 谁为他们主持婚礼?

characteristic n.特点
a special and easily recognized quality of someone or something; feature

A ~ of this animal is its ability to live for a long time without water. 这种动物的特点就是它能不喝水却活很长时间。

contain vt. to hold; have within itself or
as a part 包含,装着

That box contains old letters.
盒子中装着旧信。

Beer contains alcohol.
啤酒中含有酒精。

container: n. 容器

in common shared with someone else
John and I have nothing in common.
约翰和我没有共同之处。

In common with most young people, he hates getting up early in the morning.
和大多数年轻人一样他早晨不愿早起。

tradition n.传统

principles, beliefs, experiences which are passed down from the past to the present.

In the west, women by tradition(按照传统) wear white dresses when they get married. This decision represents a complete break with tradition(打破传统).
traditional adj.

traditionally adv.

Traditionally, women in the west are married in long white dresses.

to write down so that record v. it will be known录下
The tape-recorder has recorded his voice and the camera has recorded his features. 录音机录下了他的声音,摄影机留下了他的 面貌。 The program was recorded. 该节目被录下来了。

record n. 1. a written statement of facts, amounts, events, etc. 记录 Keep a record of how much you spend. 2. A circular piece of plastic on which sound is stored 唱片 Have you heard my new record? 你听了我的新唱片了吗? Put a record on the record player; let’s listen to some music. 往唱机上放个唱片,我们听点音乐吧。

In order to satisfy your curiosity, I will tell you the truth. Some people are very hard to satisfy. satisfying adj. giving satisfaction 令人满意的 a ~ meal 令人满意的一顿饭 a ~job 一件工作 satisfied: adj 满意的 satisfied smile be satisfied with sth

to make someone happy; satisfy v. to please 使…满意

She is satisfied with your grades.
satisfaction: n.

desire n. a strong wish; 欲望
He works hard from a desire to become rich. 他因渴望致富而努力工作。 It is impossible to satisfy all their desires. 使他们所有的欲望都得到满足是不可能的。 He spoke about his country’s desire for friendly relations. 他说明了他的国家欲建立友好关系的愿望。

desire v. have a desire for 想要
We all desire happiness and health. What do you desire me to do?

~ sth 想要某物 ~ (sb) to do 要(某人)做某事

spread 1. v. spread, spread to have effect
or influence over a wider area 蔓延,传播

In five days, the terrible disease quickly spread out in all direction. The fire soon spread to the surrounding building. 2. n. (of) the action of spreading. The rapid spread of the disease caused great terror among people.

variety n.
1. A particular type that is different from others 种类

We are growing a new variety of wheat this year.
2.The act of varying ; difference in quality, type, or character 多样性,变化

She didn’t like the work for lack of variety. various: adj 各种各样的

entertain v. to amuse and interest A teacher should entertain as well as teach. 教师不仅要教书,也要引起学生兴趣。 enterntainment n. 娱乐 the providing of food and drink public amusement A movie theatre is a place of ~.
entertainer n. a person who entertains prefessionally a popular television ~ 受欢迎的电视表演人

intelligence n. 1. good ability to learn and understand 智力 The children were given an ~ test. 2. information gathered about an enemy 情报;情报人员
The Central Intelligence Agency of the US

country or the group of people who gather it

美国中央情报局 The government had secret intelligence of the enemy’s plans. 政府获得敌人计划的秘密情报。

Words and expressions: • versus: against; in opposition to 与…相对,(比赛)…对…

Writing

It’s going to be Mexico versus Holland in the final.

Words and expressions: • emotion: n. any of the strong feelings of the human spirit 强烈的感情,激情,情绪 His speech had an effect on our emotions rather than on our reasons 他的演说与其说是对我们晓之以理,不如说是 动之以情 emotional: adj

Writing

Writing
Words and expressions: • process: n. a connected set of actions 程序,进程 Coal was formed out of dead forests by a long slow process of chemical change. 煤是由埋在地底的森林经过长期而缓慢的化 学变化形成的。

Writing
Words and expressions: • express:vt. to show (a feeling, opinion, or fact). esp. in words 表达 • I can hardly express how grateful I feel.

n. 1. fast train
We caught the 9:30 express to London. 2. (邮局)的快件服务 Send the mail by express.

The Passive Voice

被动语态的各种时态
一般时态 1.一般现在时 am/is/are done 2.一般过去时 was/were done 3.一般将来时 shall/will be done 4.过去将来时 should/would be done

被动语态的各种时态
进行时态 1.现在进行时 2.过去进行时

am/is/are being done was/were being done

被动语态的各种时态
完成时态 1.现在完成时 2.过去完成时 3.将来完成时 4.过去将来完成 时 have/has been done had been done shall/will have been done should/would have been done

The Passive Voice in Different Tenses 1. The key to the classroom door ________ (keep) by our monitor. is kept 2. The theme song of the 1998 World Cup _______________ was performed (perform)by Ricky Martin. will be given 3. The performance _____________ (give) in the Capital Concert Hall. 4. He knew that he _________________ (invite) to perform in the had been invited New Year’s Concert. is being played 5. This song _______________ (play) all over the country now. was being repaired 6. He wrote this song while his watch _________________ (repair). 7. Although it _________ (play) many times, he still loves this tune. is played has been kept 8. It is the first time he ______________ (award) a Grammy.

Exercises

9.In some parts of the world, tea is served _________ (serve) with milk and sugar. 10.If the film ________(show) in our school, is shown we’ll go and see it. 11.A library with five thousand books _____________ (offer) to the nation as a was offered gift. 12.This is a photo of the power station that ____________ (set set up has been set up/is beingup) in my hometown. 13.---Have you moved into the new house? ---Not yet. The rooms_____________ are being painted (paint).

14.The policeman found that the house had been broken into _________________ (break into) stolen and a lot of things _______(steal). 15.More than 30 people have been killed/were (kill) in traffic ______________ accidents over the past few months. killed 16.A good deal of money was spent/has __________ (spend) on the books. been spent was asked to step 17.She _________________ (ask to step) in and have a talk. 18.The old man ________ (remain) remains/ weak. remained

使用被动语态应注意的事项

1.短语动词的被动语态 1) I promise that the matter will be taken care of _______________ (take care of). 2) The cat is being looked after _________________ (look after) by the boy now. was picked up 3) The flowers ______________ (pick up). 短语动词变为被动语态时,要注意保持短语动词 的完整性,动词后的介词或副词切不可遗漏

He was noticed ____ the street yesterday. C A.cross B.crossed C.to cross D.to crossing 感官动see,hear,feel,watch,notice,observe 和使役动词make,let,have的宾语补足语,在主 动语态中是动词原型,在被动语态中是动词不定 式.

clean 1.They made us __________ (clean) the desk. to run 2.He was seen __________ (run) into the room. to sing 3.She was heard ________ (sing) last night.

I ____ ten minutes to decide whether I B should reject the offer. A.gave B.was given C.was giving D.had given 带有双宾语的动词,如:send, show, tell, take, give, make, teach, sing, buy, offer, lend, borrow,ask等,变为被动语态时,可将其中一个 宾语变成被动语态的主语,另一个宾语保留不 动,成为保留宾语. 1.The manager gave him a job in the post office. 2.They told us an interesting story. 3.The boss will pay us some money.

_____ that the earth was the center of B the universe. A.People were believing B.It was once believed C.People were once believed D.People were said

在带有主语从句的复合句中,常以it作形式 主语,常用It +be+ 过去分词+that+从句.如: It is said that… 据说 It is considered that… 据认为 It is thought that… 据人们看 It is reported that… 据报道

The war ____ in 1937. D A.was broken out B.had been broken out C.has broken out D.broke out
一些不及物动词没有被动语态形式.如: belong to 属于 break out 爆发 happen 发生 appear 出现 last 持续 take place 发生 cost 花费 burst out 迸发

took place 1.The story _____________ (take place) in the city. belongs to 2.This car _____________ (belong to) my brother. 3.The meeting _____________(last) two hours. lasted cost 4.The coat _______ (cost) me 200 dollars. 5.What happened (happen) to the old man recently? _________

Good medicine ____ bitter. B A.are tasted B. tastes C.will be tasted D. would be tasted C The old man ____ weak. A.is remained B. remain C.remained D.is remained

系动词一般只用主动语态. appears 1.The sky __________ (appear) blue. seemed 2.The lady_________(seem)ill. 3.His words ________ (sound) right. sounded 4.The cake __________ (taste) sweet. tastes


				
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