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					What country does the picture remind you of?

What country does the picture remind you of?
Greece.

Can you identify the two figures in the picture?

Can you identify the two figures in the picture?
Cupid, God of Love, has the bow and arrow, and Apollo is in the horse-drawn chariot.

Do you know any stories about these figures or stories from this country?

Do you know any stories about these figures or stories from this country?
Sure. The most fascinating story about Cupid — who was the son of Venus, Goddess of Beauty — is his falling in love with Psyche.

At first, there was a little family friction between the bride, Psyche, and her new mother-in-law, Venus. Of course, like a fairy tale, everything ends happily. Love (Cupid) and the Soul (that's what Psyche means) had sought and, after some trials, found each other. Such a union can never be broken.

The history of Western thought begins with the history of ancient Greece and Rome. From this source come the first works of Western literature, including the stories of classical mythology.

These imaginary stories, which revolve around the many Greek and Roman gods and heroes, have for centuries been a source of inspiration for poets, artists, and everyday people.

People all over the world may be familiar with some of these myths, such as those about Cupid, Hercules, Apollo , and Helen of Troy. Retold here are two of these famous classic stories. * * * * *

Pandora’s Box Long, long ago, there was a race of giants that lived on the earth, among whom two brothers were given a special job by the gods: to create all the animals, including men. Soon the earth was filled with men, despite the fact that there were no women.

Compared to the other animals, humans are quite weak and defenseless , so one of the giant brothers devised a plan. He went to heaven and stole fire for men, thus giving them power over all other creatures.

When Zeus , the king of gods, discovered this theft, he flew into a rage. Fearing that men might now be able to challenge him, he devised his own plan to punish the two giants and to weaken the power of men. His punishment was to create the first woman, whose name was Pandora, meaning “the gift of all.”

She was given this name because all the gods had presented her with special gifts: beauty, grace, fine clothes, golden jewelry. She was presented as a gift herself to one of the brothers, who saw immediately that she was indeed a perfect creation.

In spite of her otherwise perfect nature, however, the gods had planted in Pandora’s soul a very dangerous weakness, curiosity. In addition, they gave Pandora a special box, but they specifically instructed her: “Never are you to open it!”

Her curious nature, of course, made it impossible for her to obey their order. She could not control her impulse to secretly see what was inside.

When she opened the box, out poured an ugly, dark cloud, with which came all the diseases that now trouble the human body and all the wicked thoughts and painful emotions, such as jealousy, anger, loneliness, and sorrow, that trouble our minds and spirits.

Quickly Pandora closed the lid , but it was too late. All these evils had escaped. Only “hope” was left at the bottom of the box. If Pandora had not, out of curiosity, opened the box, we human beings might not have suffered and still be suffering so much. * * * * *

The Myth of Icarus On the island of, Crete there once lived a skillful architect and inventor named Daedalus. Among the many wonders Daedalus had built was a great maze, a structure with numerous passageways turning this way and that.

It was so complex in arrangement that anyone entering it would never find the exit. Into this maze the king of Crete would send the children of his enemy, and there they would be eaten alive by a horrible monster that had the head of a bull and the body of a man.

One young man, however, was able to kill the monster and find his way out of the maze. The king thought that he could only have done so with the help of Daedalus, so the great architect was immediately imprisoned in his own maze, along with his son, Icarus.

Being as intelligent as he was, Daedalus lost no time in planning their escape. To escape by way of the air, Daedalus and his son gathered feathers and fashioned two pairs of wings, held together with thread and wax.

Daedalus warned Icarus not to soar too high, lest the heat of the sun should melt the wax of his wings.

As the two soared high above the fields, Icarus was thrilled by his new ability to fly like a bird, or, perhaps he thought, even like a god. He flew higher and higher; as his pride soared, so did his height above the earth rapidly increase.

It wasn’t long before Icarus realized, too late, that he had flown too near the sun. The wax melted, the feathers fell, and the wingless boy fell after them, tumbling downward into the sea. Daedalus cried out in great sorrow as he witnessed his son’s plunge to death.

Aesop said “Pride goes before a fall,” and Aristotle said that the tragic hero always has a tragic flaw. Icarus’ fall was indeed predictable, wasn’t it?
* * * * * *

Myths like these inspire artists, giving them food for thought. In Chinese culture classic literature has also played an important role in inspiring and enlightening poets and writers. Can you think of the names of some famous Chinese classical literary sources which have influenced the thoughts of Chinese even until today?

mythology
[m0'LAlDdI0] n. [U] ancient stories, especially those invented to explain natural or historical events 神話總稱 Mythology still plays a part in society; not everyone is aware of it, though.

revolve
[r0'vAlv] v. [I, T] to cause to move around; to be centered on 旋轉;圍繞 The earth revolves around the sun. Mary’s life has revolved around her baby since he was born.

defenseless
[d0'fGnsl0s] adj. weak and easy to be attacked; unprotected 沒設防的;未受保護、防禦的 The child was left alone and defenseless after three masked men took his father away.

devise
[d0'va0z] v. [T] to invent a plan or a way of doing something by thinking about it carefully 設計 Sam was good at devising new ways of saving space.

theft
[LGft] n. [U, C]

dishonestly taking something belonging to someone else; stealing 偷竊
The rate of car theft in that area is pretty high. More thefts are reported in the neighborhood during the time of the Chinese New Year holiday.

rage
[redI] n. [C] a sudden feeling of wild, uncontrollable anger 激怒;憤怒 Mr. Black flew into a rage when his son refused to listen.

grace
[gres] n. [U] a quality of simple, natural beauty, especially of movement or form 優雅 The figure skaters moved across the ice with grace.

curiosity
[`kj?r0'AsDt0] n. [U] eager desire to know or learn about something 好奇心 The little boy opened the door to the secret garden out of curiosity.

impulse
['0mpKls] n. [C, U] a sudden wish to do something 衝動 Whenever I am bored, I have an impulse to leave the office and just get away from it all.

wicked
['w0k0d] adj. very bad; morally wrong; evil 邪惡的 In the end, the wicked witch was killed, and the enchanted prince was set free.

architect
['ArkD`tGkt] n. [C] a person qualified to design buildings 建築師 The architect of the museum has a good taste for arts.

complex
[kDm'plGks] adj. difficult to understand or explain 複雜的 The repairman opened the lid of the watch and studied its complex structure carefully.

imprison
[0m'pr0z%] v. [T] to keep someone in prison 監禁;囚禁 He was imprisoned in 1998 for drug dealing.

wing
[w0H] n. [C] one of the parts of the body of a bird or insect used for flying 翅膀;翼 The baby bird is learning how to fly by flapping its wings.

thread
[LrGd] n. [C, U] a long, thin piece of cotton, silk, nylon, wool, etc. 線 A button on my shirt was loose and I wanted some thread to sew it back on.

wax
[w$ks] n. [U] solid, fatty substance that melts when it is heated 蠟(狀物) I sealed the envelope with wax, signed my name on it, and then sent it off.

soar
[sor] v. [I] to fly high into the air while flying without moving the wings or using power; to go up quickly
翱翔;(物價)飛漲

She watched the eagles soaring high in the sky. The value of the company's shares soared from 10 dollars to 200.

pride
[pra0d] n. [U] a feeling of pleasure or satisfaction one gets from something good done or owned 驕傲;自豪;得意 He did not feel a sense of pride or relief until he won the tennis championship.

tumble
['tKmb9] v. [I] to fall down quickly without control 摔倒;滾落 Tony gently pushed the pile of wooden blocks, and it came tumbling down all at once.

witness
['w0tn0s] v. [T] to see something happen 目擊;親眼看見 The pedestrian witnessed the robbery and reported it to the police.

plunge
[plKndI] n. [C] a fall or a dive 跳入;衝入;陷入;跌降 There has been a plunge in the value of the dollar.

Greece
[gris] n. a southern European country 希臘

Greek
[grik] adj. of or from Greece 希臘的;希臘語的

Roman
['romDn] adj. 羅馬的;羅馬帝國的 n. [C] 羅馬人

Cupid
['kjup0d] n. the Roman god of love 丘比特(羅馬神話中維納斯(Venus)之 子,為媒介戀愛之神,相當於希臘神話 中的尹洛士(Eros))

Hercules
['h"kjD`liz] n. the son of Zeus, a hero of extraordinary strength 海克力士(希臘神話中主神宙斯之子,為 完成十二項艱鉅任務的大英雄)

Apollo
[D'pAlo] n. the Greek god of sun 阿波羅(希臘神話中太陽神,司詩歌、音 樂、預言等之神)

Helen of Troy
['hGl0n Dv 'trC0] n. the daughter of Zeus and Leda in Greek mythology 特洛伊城的海倫,為絕世美女

Pandora [p$n'dorD] n. the first woman in Greek mythology 潘朵拉(希臘神話中第一位受造的女 人)

Zeus
[zus] n. the king of the gods on Mount Olympus in Greek mythology 宙斯(希臘神話中住在奧林帕斯山頂的眾 神之王)

lid
[l0d] n. [C] a cover for the open top of a container 蓋子

Icarus
['0kDrDs] n. the name of the son of Daedalus 伊克若斯(迪德勒斯之子)

Crete
[krit] n. the name of a Greek island 克里特島

Daedalus ['dGd9Ds] n. the name of a skillful inventor and architect in Greek mythology 迪德勒斯(希臘神話中的建築名師)

passageway
['p$s0dI`we] n. [C] a long narrow way through something, especially with walls on both sides; corridor 通道;走道

bull
[b?l] n. [C] a male ox 公牛

begin with
to start with 開始;以…… 拉開序幕 The medical report began with a case study.

at the bottom of
at the lowest part of something 在……的底部 You will find the extra information at the bottom of each page very useful.

lose no time in doing something
to do something immediately 立刻…… Once the guest speaker arrived, the chairperson lost no time in getting the meeting started.

by way of
via 經由 The plane goes to Seattle by way of Tokyo.

I. ...lest...(should)... ...for fear (that)...should/might...
Examples: Daedalus warned Icarus not to soar too high lest the heat of the sun should melt the wax of his wings. Jeff wore a heavy coat lest he should catch a cold in the freezing mountains.

II. As..., so....
Examples: As his pride soared, so did his height. As you sow, so shall you reap.

myth
[m0L] n. [C] 神話;迷思;不真實的說法

The results of her experiments disapproved the myth that boys dislike playing with dolls.

revolution
[`rGvD'luNDn] n. [U, C] 旋轉;革命

The moon makes one revolution around the earth every month.

revolutionary
[`rGvD'luNDn`Gr0] adj. 革命性的

Copernicus’ ideas were revolutionary for his time.

revolving
[r0'vAlv0H] adj. 旋轉的 Pass through the revolving door and you’ll find the information desk in the lobby.

defend
[d0'fGnd] v. [T] 保衛;防禦

These workers are fighting to defend their own rights.

defense
[d0'fGns] n. [U]

保衛;防禦
Our government spends a lot of money on national defense every year.

device
[d0'va0s] n. [C] 發明的東西;精巧的裝置

The patients need a special device to call for help in case of a medical emergency.

rage
v. [I] 大發雷霆;咆哮;斥罵

“You are not only a liar but a thief as well,” raged the boss.

graceful
['gresfDl] adj. 優雅的 The ballerina’s graceful movements caught the attention of everyone in the audience.

curious
['kj?r0Ds] adj. 好奇的

She is curious about what is to come.

impulsive
[0m'pKls0v] adj. 一時衝動的

Think before you act rather than be impulsive.

architecture
['ArkD`tGktNQ] n. [U] 建築

The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is admired for its Chinese architecture.

complexity [kDm'plGksDt0] n. [U, C] 複雜

It can take days to solve a math problem of great complexity.

imprisonment
[0m'pr0z%mDnt] n. [U] 監禁;囚禁

The murderer was sentenced to life imprisonment.

winged
[w0Hd] adj. 有翅膀的

With a winged hat and a pair of winged sandals, Hermes swiftly moved from place to place.

thread
v. [T] 穿線(過針孔)

Mom’s eyesight is failing; she has trouble threading a needle.

wax
v. [I] 上蠟;(月亮)漸圓

The janitor waxed the floor once a month. The moon waxes and wanes every month.

pride
v. [T] 以…… 自傲(自豪)

Robert prided himself on his faithfulness to his wife.

proud
[pra?d] adj. 驕傲的;自豪的;得意的;感到光榮的

Miss Young is proud of us for doing our best in everything.

tumble
n. [C] 摔倒;滾落

The rider took a tumble and ended up with a sprained ankle.

witness
n. [C] 目擊者

There was no witness to the accident when it occurred.

plunge
v. [I] 跳入;衝入;陷入;熱心投入

She plunged into the drama contest with all her heart.

Greek
n. [C, U] 希臘人;希臘語

Rome
[rom] n. 羅馬

Step 1: 看圖聯想

延 伸 活 動

請看以下三張連環圖,猜 一猜故事的內容為何?

由此進入

Step 1: 請看以下三張連環圖,猜一猜故事的內容為何?

圖 延 一 伸 活 動

Step 1: 請看以下三張連環圖,猜一猜故事的內容為何?

圖 延 二 伸 活 動

Step 1: 請看以下三張連環圖,猜一猜故事的內容為何?

圖 延 三 伸 活 動

Step 1: 請看以下三張連環圖,猜一猜故事的內容為何?

延 伸 活 動

圖 一

圖二

圖三

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. What is the man in the blue shirt doing? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. What is the man in the blue shirt doing? He is watering his flowerbed.
下一題

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. What is happening in the room? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. What is happening in the room? A woman is being attacked by someone wearing a mask.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. How does the woman appear to feel? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. How does the woman appear to feel? She seems to be very afraid.
下一題

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. Why is the man making a phone call? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. Why is the man making a phone call? The man is probably calling the police to report the attack.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. Who are the women in the picture? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

1. Who are the women in the picture? The women are actresses.
下一題

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. What does the police officer think about the situation? Ans.

Step 2: 請依照圖片的內容來回答下列問題。

延 伸 活 動

2. What does the police officer think about the situation? The police officer thinks the situation is funny.

Step 3: 聯想練習

延 伸 活 動

句子聯想練習

句子填空練習

請根據圖片,利用 下列的關鍵字創造 屬於自己的句子。
attack water look through wicked in a mask

請根據圖片,利用 上下文及想像力完 成句子。

1. A man is 2. Out of curiosity, the man . 3. He can see .

.

1. A man is in his backyard. 2. Out of , the man looks his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see attacking a woman.

由此進入

由此進入

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

attack water look through wicked in a mask

1. A man is 2. Out of curiosity, the man . 3. He can see .
ALL

.

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

attack water look through wicked in a mask

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man . 3. He can see .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

attack water look through wicked in a mask

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man looks through his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

attack water look through wicked in a mask

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man looks through his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see a wicked person in a mask attacking a woman. *

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call plunge a knife tumble anxious police
1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man . 2. The poor woman ! 3. The evil attacker is about to ! 4. The man on the phone .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call plunge a knife tumble anxious police
1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman ! 3. The evil attacker is about to ! 4. The man on the phone .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call plunge a knife tumble anxious police
1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to ! 4. The man on the phone .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call plunge a knife tumble anxious police
1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to plunge a knife into the woman! 4. The man on the phone .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call plunge a knife tumble anxious police
1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to plunge a knife into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks anxious . *

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call embarrassed mask costume 1. The woman on the right . 2. The women think it’s funny that . 3. The man seems .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call embarrassed mask costume 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask . 2. The women think it’s funny that . 3. The man seems .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call embarrassed mask costume 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask . 2. The women think it’s funny that their neighbor called the police. 3. The man seems .
ALL

Step 3: 請用下列關鍵字完成描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

call embarrassed mask costume 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask . 2. The women think it’s funny that their 填 neighbor called the police. 空 練 3. The man seems to be embarrassed about 習 his mistake. *

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

1. A man is in his backyard. 2. Out of , the man looks his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see attacking a woman.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of , the man looks his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see attacking a woman.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man looks his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see attacking a woman.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man looks through his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see attacking a woman.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動

1. A man is watering the flowers in his backyard. 2. Out of curiosity, the man looks through his neighbor’s window. 3. He can see a wicked person in a mask attacking a woman. *

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man . 2. The poor woman has the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks .
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks .
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks .
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to plunge a knife into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks .
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. As he witnesses the terrible attack, the man calls the police. 2. The poor woman has tumbled to the floor! 3. The evil attacker is about to plunge a knife into the woman! 4. The man on the phone looks anxious . *

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. The woman on the right is wearing and holding . 2. The women think it’s that their neighbor called the police. 3. The man seems to be about his mistake.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding . 2. The women think it’s that their neighbor called the police. 3. The man seems to be about his mistake.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask. 2. The women think it’s that their neighbor called the police. 3. The man seems to be about his mistake.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask. 2. The women think it’s funny that their neighbor called the police. 3. The man seems to be about his mistake.
ALL

Step 3: 請利用上下文及想像力完成下列描述該圖的句子。

延 伸 活 動 1. The woman on the right is wearing a costume and holding a mask. 2. The women think it’s funny that their 聯 neighbor called the police. 想 練 3. The man seems to be embarrassed 習 about his mistake. *

Step 4: 作文範例觀摩

延 伸 活 動

標準範例

A man is watering the flowers in his garden. Out of curiosity…
由此進入

進階範例

I was watering the flowers in my garden last weekend when I…
由此進入

Step 4: 來看看如何用這些有趣的圖片寫出一篇作文。

延 伸 活 動

A man is watering the flowers in his garden. Out of curiosity, he looks into his neighbor ’s window. A masked figure is attacking his defenseless neighbor! On impulse, the man runs inside and phones the police. He tells the police that he is witnessing a wicked crime and that his neighbor has just tumbled to the ground. A police officer arrives and enters the woman’s

Step 4: 來看看如何用這些有趣的圖片寫出一篇作文。

延 伸 活 動

house by way of the front door. The woman loses no time in explaining what has really happened. She and her friend were just rehearsing for a play. The man is very embarrassed, but everyone else thinks his mistake is

funny.
進 階 版

Step 4: 且看作者如何描述他所遭遇的烏龍事件……

延 伸 活 動

I was watering the flowers in my garden last weekend when I happened to look into my neighbor’s window. What a shock! I saw my neighbor Amy being attacked by a stranger! On impulse, I ran into my kitchen and called the police. I wanted to save my defenseless neighbor from this wicked stranger’s rage! As I was telling the police that I was witnessing a crime, I

Step 4: 且看作者如何描述他所遭遇的烏龍事件……

延 伸 活 動

saw Amy tumble to the floor. When the police officer arrived, we went to Amy’s house together. Well, she hadn’t been in danger after all. The “stranger” was her friend Kate. “We were rehearsing for a play,” Amy told us. I was pretty embarrassed about my mistake, but everyone else was amused.
基 礎 版


				
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posted:12/16/2009
language:English
pages:145