PHONETICS

Document Sample
PHONETICS Powered By Docstoc
					STANDAR KOMPETENSI
Menerapkan fonetik (phonetics) pengucapan bahasa Ingris dalam berkomunikasi

KOMPETENSI DASAR

Membedakan fonetik (phonetics) pengucapan bahasa Inggris

INDIKATOR
• • • • • • Mendeskripsikan pengertian fonetik (phonetics) Menyebutkan organ-organ pengucapan (organs of speech) Menyebutkan alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) konsonan bahasa Inggris Menyebutkan alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) vokal bahasa Inggris Membuat simbol alfabet fonetik bahasa Inggris Mendemonstrasikan pengucapan

BAHAN AJAR

DESKRIPSI/ ABSTRAK
  





Pengertian fonetik (phonetics) Organ-organ pengucapan (organs of speech) Alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) konsonan bahasa Inggris Alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) vokal bahasa Inggris Simbol alfabet fonetik bahasa Inggris

KERANGKA KONSEP


Pendahuluan
 



Penyampaian
  

Mempersiapkan peserta didik untuk kegiatan pembelajaran pembelajaran. Memberikan introduksi pembelajaran Menjelaskan pengertian fonetik (phonetics) Memberikan contoh alfabet fonetik (phonetics) Mendiskusikan bentuk-bentuk dan pengucapan fonetik (phonetics) Mendemonstrasikan pengucapan fonetik (phonetics) Memberikan latihan penulisan dan pengucapan fonetik (phonetics) Memberi umpan balik dari proses pembelajaran Membuat kesimpulan dari proses pembelajaran

 



Penutup
 

What is phonetics?
• Phonetics: the physical manifestation of language in sound waves • Phonetics studies of how these sounds are articulated and perceived
The sound or human speech is produced by the organs of speech

Organs of speech
1) Nasal cavity 2) Hard palate 3) Alveoral ridge 4) Soft palate (Velum) 5) Tip of the tongue (Apex) 6) Dorsum 7) Uvula 8) Radix 9) Pharynx 10) Epiglottis 11) False vocal cords 12) Vocal cords 13) Larynx 14) Esophagus 15) Trachea.

Voiced and voiceless sounds
• All speech sounds must be either voiced or voiceless, since either the vocal cords are in vibration or they are not. • All vowels are voiced sounds. • Consonants can be made with or without voiced.

To describe correct pronunciation some kind of symbolic presentation is needed. Every language has a different phonetic alphabet and a different set of possible phonemes and their combinations.
The phonetic alphabet is usually divided in two main categories, vowels and consonants.

Vowels are always voiced sounds and they are produced with the vocal cords in vibration, while consonants may be either voiced or unvoiced.
Vowels have considerably higher amplitude than consonants and they are also more stable and easier to analyze and describe acoustically. Because consonants involve very rapid changes they are more difficult to synthesize properly.

English vowels may be classified by the manner or place of articulation (frontback) and by the shape of the mouth (open - close).

Consonants are classified according to the organs articulating them (according to the place where they are) and according to the manner of their articulation (according to how they are made).

y ng c th th sh j a a

/j/ /ŋ/ /t∫/ /θ/ /ð/ /∫/ /dζ/ /æ/ /Λ/

        

You Sing Cheap Thin They She Joy Back Cup

[јu:] [siŋ] [t∫ip] [θin] [ðei] [∫i:] [dζoi:] [bæk] [kΛp]

Examples
• • • • • • • up sofa attack think laugh finger they [Λp] [sofə] [ətæk] [θiŋk] [læf] [fiŋgr] [∂ei] [t∫in]

• chin

Which witch ? [wit∫] [wit∫]  homophone

EVALUASI
• • • • • Jelaskan pengertian fonetik (phonetics)! Sebutkan jenis organ-organ pengucapan (organs of speech)! Sebutkan jenis alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) konsonan bahasa Inggris Sebutkan jenis alfabet fonetik (phonetic alphabet) vokal bahasa Inggris Buatlah contoh simbol alfabet fonetik bahasa Inggris

KUNCI JAWABAN
1. The sound or human speech is produced by the organs of speech
2
1) Nasal cavity 2) Hard palate 3) Alveoral ridge 4) Soft palate (Velum) 5) Tip of the tongue (Apex) 6) Dorsum 7) Uvula 8) Radix 9) Pharynx 10) Epiglottis 11) False vocal cords 12) Vocal cords 13) Larynx 14) Esophagus 15) Trachea.

4.
•y • ng •c • th • th • sh •j /j/ /ŋ/ /t∫/ /θ/ /ð/ /∫/ /dζ/

5
up sofa attack think laugh finger they chin [Λp] [sofə] [ətæk] [θiŋk] [læf] [fiŋgr] [∂ei] [t∫in]

[θæŋk ju:]


				
DOCUMENT INFO