ACE – LIFE SCIENCES by monkey6

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ACE – LIFE SCIENCES

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									ACE – LIFE SCIENCES
FIRST YEAR
48364 Botany (Sec Educ) 177
• • • • • • • • Ecology, including biospheres, biomes in SA and ecosystems, living and non-living resources, energy flow within the environment , intra specific competition, succession, population parameters, population growth and decline - factors influencing size of population, social organization that enhances survival, also predation, competition, parasitism, mutualism. Biodiversity of plants and animals and their conservation, significance and value of biodiversity to ecosystem function. Practical investigations. Plant anatomy and morphology, including morphology of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, seeds also tissues, organs, support and transport in plants. Practical investigations. Cell cytology, including cell structures and functions, mitosis - growth, repair and reproduction in simple organisms, differences between plant and animal cells. Practical investigations. Comparative plant physiology, including practical investigations, water potential, diffusion, osmosis, uptake and transport of water and mineral salts, movement across membranes (diffusion, osmosis and active transport), translocation of manufactured substances from leaves to other parts, transpiration and factors that influence it, mechanisms of stomata, plant hormones, geotropism and phototropism. Use of hormones in agriculture Photosynthesis, the process, differences between C3, C4 and CAM plants, structural suitability of leaves for photosynthesis, factors influencing the rate of photosynthesis, practical investigations – what is necessary for photosynthesis and starch production, Systematics and biodiversity, touch on historical developments of classification and the discovery of viruses and bacteria, characteristics of viruses, bacteria, protists, fungi, plants and animals, the role of viruses, bacteria, protists and fungi, reproduction - asexual and sexual reproduction – comparison, advantages of each, biotechnology and economic uses, diseases, immunity History of life including fundamental aspects of fossil studies, the cradle of mankind, evolution theories, popular theories of mass extinction, macro-evolution, speciation, micro-evolution, mutation, natural selection. Darwin’s explanation for the biogeographic distribution of species. Modification of body parts – mammal forelimb, modification of appendages of insects for eating different foods, modification of flowers for specific pollinators Comparative animal physiology, including a comparison between a herbivorous, carnivorous and omnivorous lifestyle in terms of ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation and egestion, a balanced diet and how it changes with age, sex and activity of the animal. Gaseous exchange – requirements of efficient gaseous exchange organs, and how it is met in different environments and different animals. The nervous system – how the nervous system and hormones enable animals to respond external changes and to control conditions inside their bodies, also regulation of body temperature Histology, four basic types of animal tissues Cellular respiration, including a comparison between aerobic and anaerobic respiration, the role of ATP, industrial production of fermented beer in SA compared to the traditional method, anaerobic respiration in industry – brewing, bread making Genetics, including the structure and function of nucleus, DNA, genes, chromosomes, protein synthesis, meiosis, production of sex cells, inheritance, mono hybrid and dihybrid crosses, dominance, segregation, blood groups, genetic engineering, genetic diseases Introduction to biological compounds, Inorganic chemistry, including water and mineral salts, vitamins –nutrition, nutrient cycles, experiments, also eutrophication. Organic chemistry, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzyme action and their tests, nucleic acids, also saturated and unsaturated fats, cholesterol, heart diseases Subject didactics based on FET Life Sciences curriculum content, including following a learner centered approached with outcomes based teaching and learning, planning, activities, assessment. Integrated computer literacy Integrated scientific literacy

48380 Zoology (Sec Educ) 177

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61514 Chemistry (Life Sciences) 173
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61956 Subject Didactics Life Sciences (Sec Educ) 172
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SECOND YEAR
61840 Life Sciences (Sec Educ) 188
• • • • • • • • • Structural support, including different kinds of skeletons with advantages and disadvantages of each, the human skeleton, structures related to function – bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, muscles, also injuries and diseases Transport, including the basic design of open and closed systems, human circulatory system, heart structure, blood vessels, blood and lymph as tissue – their relationship, also heart attacks, significance of pulse rate, blood transfusions and blood types life support systems Excretion, including its definition, excretion in humans, the urinary system, structure and function of kidney and nephron, homeostatic control – wwater reabsorption and sodium absorption, also kidney stones, bilharzia, dialysis versus kidney transplants Nervous system, including central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system, structure and functioning of nerves, also diseases like Alzheinmer’s, ADD, also effects of tik, dagga, heroin on the central nervous system. Receptors – light, touch, sound, temperature, pressure, pain and chemicals, the human eye and ear Endocrine systems, including homeostasis, inter cellular fluids, plasma, lymph, general functioning of control systems to maintain internal environment, negative feedback mechanisms in homeostasis – glucose, CO2, water and salts, location of endocrine glands and the role of the hormones in body functions, temperature regulation, e.g. diabetes and thyroid disorders, contraceptive pills, hypothermia and hyperthermia Human nutrition, including mechanical, physical and chemical digestion, absorption, assimilation, hormonal and homeostatic control, malnutrition, dietary supplements, rise in diabetes Respiratory system including anatomy of airways and lungs, structure (macro and tissue level), transport of O2 and CO2 in the body, adaptations and functions of the different system parts, ventilation an gaseous exchange, homeostatic control of breathing, symptoms and treatment of TB, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema Reproduction including anatomy, cyclic changes and the hormonal control of it, pregnancy, birth, lactation, diseases, indigenous knowledge Plant diversity, including Bryophytes, Pterophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, grouping according to presence or absence of vascular tissue, true leaves and roots, seeds or spores, fruit. Adaptations of flowers for different forms of pollination and pollinators, significance of the seed, alternation of generations in mosses, ferns and flowering plants, advantages and disadvantages of asexual and sexual reproduction. Also ancient and unique plants, agriculturally important plants, forestry, economic uses of plants Animal diversity, including a phylogenetic tree representing the evolutionary history of animals, 6 phyla of the Animal kingdom: Porifera, Cnidarians, Platyhelmiinthes, Annelida, Arthropods and Chordates with respect to symmetry, number of tissue layers developing from the embryo, absence or presence of a coelom, through-gut, also parasitic worms in SA, role of arthropods as ectoparasites and vectors of pathogens, role of invertebrates in ecosystems, metamorphosis in insects – complete and incomplete, advantages of each Humans, including population studies and impact – growth, including age and gender structures, human survival and influence on the environment, sustaining our environment , threats to biodiversity, local environmental issues, effect of pollutants on human physiology and health - air, land and water-borne diseases Special addition: HIV/ AIDS – a Life Sciences perspective on the virus – background, properties, functioning, influence on the human body, symptoms, medication, also activities, simulations, data handling Subject didactics based on FET Life Sciences curriculum content, including following a learner centered approached, outcomes based teaching and learning, planning, activities, assessment, as well as technological teaching aids, also integrated computer literacy and scientific literacy Educational Psychology, including learner in context, perspectives on learning, classroom disciplines strategies Didactic Perspectives, including concepts and processes within the curriculum, contextualization of OBE and technology

61840 Life Sciences (Sec Educ) 184

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61956 Subject Didactics Life Sciences (Sec Educ) 182
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49921 Perspectives on Education (ACE) 183
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