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TRACK Course Car Park Management and Parking Policy Changes – what are the options Steff Whitfield Senior Transport Planner steff whitfield atkinsglobal com Car Park Management Parking Pol

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TRACK Course Car Park Management and Parking Policy Changes – what are the options Steff Whitfield Senior Transport Planner steff whitfield atkinsglobal com Car Park Management Parking Pol Powered By Docstoc
					TRACK Course:

Car Park Management and Parking Policy Changes – what are the options?
Steff Whitfield, Senior Transport Planner steff.whitfield@atkinsglobal.com

Car Park Management & Parking Policy Changes – what are the options?



Motivations  Business Case Example  Car Park Management & Parking Policy Changes Considerations  Parking Permit Schemes – Points Based Systems  Enforcement  Parking Charges  Final Words

Parking Policy and Travel Plans “The availability of car parking is a significant contributory factor on travel decision making and a parking management policy can therefore be one of the most controversial elements of a travel plan...

Parking Policy and Travel Plans … it can also be one of the most effective elements:
  

travel plan with basic elements - 5% reduction in SOV travel plan with basic elements and significant discounts to use PT or additional services - 8% reduction in SOV travel plan with the above plus disincentives such as parking management - 10 - 20% reduction in SOV
Research by Napier University

Motivations for Parking Policy
   

High cost of provision and maintenance Building opportunities on car park land Parking congestion Equity amongst all transport users

Parking Policy Changes – Business Case Example
Mode Car Driver Car Sharer Car Sharer ( Non Org) Motorbike/ Scooter Bus Cycle Walk No of Staff 2002 No of staff 2003 Increase Increase in No of Parking spaces

2769

3249

480

480

1568
78 162 44 191 98

1840
92 190 52 224 115

272
14 28 8 33 17

136

Increase in parking requirement

616

Parking Policy Changes – Business Case Example

Cost of Parking Spaces:
616

surface level parking spaces

Capital

cost @ £1k - £3k = £616,000 to £1.85m Annual cost @ £200 each = £123,200 pa
616

Multi-storey car park

Capital

cost @ £5k-£7k each = £3.1m to £4.3m Annual cost @ £300 each = £184,800 pa
616 616

space Underground car park
cost @ £12k each = £7.39m cost @ £10k each = £6.16m

Capital

space Automated car park eg Edinburgh

Capital

Parking Policy Changes – Business Case Example

Hence a Travel Plan that delivers a 20% decrease in no. of cars can save capital costs ranging from £600,000 to £7 million

This could be your Travel Plan budget

Car Park Management and Parking Policy Considerations

Users:
disabled staff

with business needs staff with no alternative means of access car sharers visitors Universities/colleges – students

Importance of consultation with the users

Car Park Management and Parking Policy Considerations

Reduce number of parking spaces?  Introduce reserved spaces:



essential users, car sharers, disabled, visitors, pool vehicles

Parking permit allocation scheme  Parking charges


Parking Permit Schemes - Considerations


Type of permit
   

licence to hunt allocated spaces limited number of days/hours in day site specific permits if more than 1 site



Allocation of permits


single status  accessibility to the workplace  business requirements  personal requirements  car sharers

Parking Permit Allocation Points Based System Example

Restrict number of staff who have access to parking spaces through ‘points’ system
establish
1

‘exclusion zone(s)’, e.g.

mile around site (reasonable walking distance)  400m boundaries around frequent and direct bus routes (defined as operating at least every 20 minutes between 07.30 - 18.00, and with journey times of less than 45 minutes

Exclusion Zone Example

Parking Permit Allocation Points Based System Example


Staff with need to use car:


business requirements:
 

essential users shift workers temporary disability childcare/other carer responsibilities



personal requirements
 



Car sharers


Distance from work  Number of car sharers  Number of days/week

Parking Permit Allocation Points Based System Example
•Factor Mobility Impairment •Sub Factor •Weighting +20 +10 +2 per passenger carried +2

Accessibility to workplace Outside exclusion zone Car Share Unsociable Working Hours (for regular timetabled hours) Essential User No. of Passengers Start before 7:00am

Finish after 7:00pm
Essential User Status Carry heavy loads Need to drop off Need to collect Need to do both Willing to car share

+2
+5 +1 +0.3 +0.3 +0.6 +0.1

Carer Responsibilities

Enforcement Considerations
Who enforces?





Security staff parking management company automated barrier system and smart cards


reduces car related crime  prevents unauthorised parking  prevents rat running

Enforcement Penalties
   

warning (no fee) fixed penalty ticket (fee) clamping removal

Parking Charges
The


arguments for:



reduction/elimination of subsidy for car users revenue gained can be used to finance cost incentives for travel alternatives

How


much to charge?


 

Index linked in line with average marginal cost of parking? Reflect local circumstances. time period? - daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, annual? relate to salary?, e.g.


Bristol University charges 0.006% of annual salary per day,  University of York charges 0.2% of annual salary per year

Final Words

System should aim to be:


Equitable - should be applied to all staff and spaces, and should help ‘level the playing field’ between all transport users Effective - restrict the availability of parking to those who have no alternative means of access and should be complemented by improvements to alternative transport Efficient - eradicate parking congestion, ensure that staff are clear about the availability of parking and the most appropriate means of travel to work before they start their journey



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