FINAL BLUE BOOK by h73ksal0


									EU BLUE BOOK 2009

                                                                     November 2009

You can find this booklet and other publications
on EU activities in Afghanistan online at:

For queries please contact:
European Union
Delegation of the European Commission to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Press & Political Section
Meghna Singh
Tel: +93 (0) 799 09 50 04/05/06

    The intention of this "Blue Book" is to
provide information on the contributions of the
EU Member States and the European
Commission to development assistance to
Afghanistan. Similar exercises have
previously been carried out in other parts of
the world, but this one holds special
significance. The struggle to improve aid
effectiveness has become a growing priority
for both donors and beneficiaries both in
institution-building and in the fight against
poverty. The Blue Book is designed to set out
concisely the facts and figures illustrating the
level and diversity of EU ODA. It aims to
present a broad picture of EU activities in

    We hope that the Book will not only give
the reader an insight into the collective
activities undertaken by the EU but will also
serve as a basis for enhanced coordination,
complementarity and division of labour
between the Government, EU donors and the
international donor community. This is an
issue which will be debated by EU Foreign
Ministers as the Union prepares its
contribution to the next stage of Afghanistan's

   Finally, we wish to thank all those who
have helped to prepare this publication and
hope it will be of interest.
                                  Table of Contents

I. The EU and Afghanistan

      European engagement: From Bonn to The Hague     2
      Afghanistan: Recent trends                      4
      EU Reconstruction and Development Cooperation   4
      Rule of Law                                     6
      Promoting Democracy and Human Rights            6
      Table of EU ODA in Afghanistan                  8
      Map of Europe                                   9
      Map of Afghanistan                              10

II. EU Donor Profiles

      European Commission                             12
      Belgium                                         14
      Bulgaria                                        15
      Czech Republic                                  16
      Denmark                                         17
      Germany                                         18
      Estonia                                         19
      Ireland                                         20
      Greece                                          21
      Spain                                           22
      France                                          23
      Italy                                           24
      Latvia                                          25
      Lithuania                                       26
      Luxembourg                                      27
      Hungary                                         28
      Netherlands                                     29
      Austria                                         30
      Poland                                          31
      Portugal                                        32
      Romania                                         33
      Slovenia                                        34
      Slovakia                                        35
      Finland                                         36
      Sweden                                          37
      United Kingdom                                  38
I. The EU and Afghanistan
I. The EU and Afghanistan

The Blue Book provides an overview of where we are       Afghanistan and the international community's
in October 2009. It is also to be noted that the EU's    ongoing engagement. These events have provided
assistance to Afghanistan takes place against the        a framework for the evolving EU engagement in
backcloth of a rapidly evolving political and security   Afghanistan. Indeed, apart from those in Tokyo, all
situation. 2009 has seen a sharp rise in insurgent       the major donor conferences on Afghanistan have
activity, while ISAF's campaign to regain territory      been hosted by European countries.
has led to increased losses. Assistance
programmes can only be successfully delivered if         Thus, the Tokyo Conference in January 2002
the security conditions allow. At the same time the      focused on the reconstruction of Afghanistan in the
international community has made clear, following        immediate aftermath of the conflict and provided an
the Presidential elections in August, that the new       opportunity for the EU and the rest of the
Afghan administration must be seen as both               international community to demonstrate long term
credible and legitimate; any programme based on          commitment to the country. This was followed by a
enhancing Afghan ownership, as the EU's is,              second conference in Tokyo in February 2003 where
depends on partnership with an effective and             the aim was to consolidate the peace process by
reliable administration, both at national and sub-       promoting a process of Disarmament,
national level. It also depends on excellent             Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR).
cooperation between the donors, with closer
coordination inside the EU facilitating UNAMA's          At Berlin in April 2004, a work-plan for the Afghan
task of overall coordination within the international    Government was endorsed by the EU and the
community. This will be one of the principal             international community. The plan covered among
challenges that EU Ministers will be debating in the     other things the elections in 2004 and the
coming months.                                           implementation of the Bonn Agreement. Following
                                                         the Bonn Agreement, the EU deepened its political
                                                         dialogue with the Government of Afghanistan. A
European engagement - from Bonn to The                   number of high level visits were made to Afghanistan
Hague                                                    by the High Representative Javier Solana and the
                                                         Commissioner for External Relations Benita-
Active EU engagement in the development of
                                                         Ferrero-Waldner during 2005. President Karzai and
Afghanistan dates back to 2001, when the Taliban
                                                         senior Afghan ministers also visited Brussels the
government was toppled. In December, the Council
                                                         same year and in November 2005, the first EU-
decided to appoint an EU Special Representative
and at the same time, a decision to set up a             Afghanistan Joint Declaration was signed in
Delegation of the European Commission to                 Strasbourg. The Declaration highlighted the areas
Afghanistan was taken. The office was fully              where the EU and Afghan Government would work
established the following year. The Commission           in partnership in furthering development and
had already had a presence in Afghanistan since the      countering the threats from terrorism, organised
mid 1980s, with an EC support office in Kabul            crime and extremism.
followed by an ECHO office in 1993. Both offices
had moved to, and operated over the border from          At the London Conference, in January 2006, the
Peshawar during the Taliban period.                      emphasis shifted from what was essentially a
                                                         political framework to establishment of a broader
Since the Bonn Conference in December 2001,              governance and development agenda, set out in the
which set out the political framework for the newly      new Afghanistan Compact. The aim of the
established provisional government of Afghanistan,       Compact was to serve as an agreement between the
a series of conferences have taken place which have      Afghan Government and the international
addressed specific aspects of the situation in           community on how the work on governance and

                                                         EU Blue Book 2009
development should proceed over the next five            the Afghan authorities that would underpin donors'
years and to highlight what was required in terms of     efforts in helping build up a more professionalised
undertakings on the Afghan side to take forward key      and widely accessible formal justice system.
reforms. Linked to the Compact was the (then
interim) Afghan National Development Strategy            The conference in Paris in June 2008 marked a new
(ANDS) which was linked to and reinforced                commitment on the part of the EU and the wider
elements of the Compact, particularly in the             international community to work more closely
development sphere.                                      together under Afghan leadership to support the
                                                         finalised Afghanistan National Development
In July 2006 and 2007, further conferences were          Strategy (2008-2013). Whilst reaffirming that the
held in Tokyo and Rome respectively which                Afghanistan Compact would remain the basic
addressed aspects of the stabilisation process in        framework, priority was to be given to strengthening
Afghanistan. In Tokyo, the focus was once again on       institutions and economic growth, particularly in the
the consolidation of the peace process in                agricultural and energy sectors.
Afghanistan, with Disarmament, Demobilisation and
Reintegration (DDR) as well as on the process of         Finally, at la Celle St Cloud in December 2005 and
Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) being         The Hague in March 2009, the regional aspects of
highlighted. It was clear from Tokyo that whilst         Afghanistan were brought more into focus. In
some progress had been made, there was still along       particular, the regional dynamic with Pakistan was
way to go in terms of realising the targets set in the   underlined as a priority with donors acknowledging
Compact. A year later, in Rome, the international        that greater efforts needed to be made in addressing
community and Afghan Government agreed a new             the governance and development challenges on
programme for justice reform which was to give the       both sides of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.
framework for future donor activities in the sector.     Shortly afterwards, in June 2009 the mandate of the
At the same time, a reform agenda was agreed with        EU Special Representative was extended to include

                                                         EU Blue Book 2009
Afghanistan: Recent trends
Politically, Afghanistan has entered an intense                 Overall, UN human indicators for Afghanistan
period of change with difficult Presidential elections          remain extremely low with still around 50 per cent of
in August 2009 and Parliamentary elections due in               the population subsisting on under EUR 9.50 (USD
2010. The formation of a new government will be a               14) a month and a further 20 per cent more just
crucial next step in achieving some degree of                   above this poverty line. Infant and mater nal
political stability. The Afghan Parliament continues            mortality rates are still amongst the worst in the
to work, but has not yet been able to exercise its              world, despite notable improvements since 2002.
functions as effectively as had been hoped; this
results from the voting system of the 2005 elections            The state of the economy has taken a downward
which has prevented significant political party                 turn after a period of growth from 2002. A drought
development.                                                    and worsening security reduced economic growth
                                                                down to 3 percent in 2008/09 (from an average of 10
Afghanistan's security situation has worsened                   percent in recent years). In terms of government
drastically: for the period January to August 2009,             finances, tax revenue collection has been adversely
there have already been 1,500 civilian deaths, an               affected by the slowdown in economic growth and
increase from 2008 which saw a total of 1,200                   weak governance structures. Continued efforts in
deaths for the year. Insurgents systematically target           this area will be required to put Afghanistan on a
government representatives and the international                credible path toward fiscal sustainability and
community and have extended their reach to                      reduced dependence on aid.
hitherto quiet areas, including the capital, Kabul.
Following the expansion and intensification of
engagement by the international military forces,                EU Reconstruction and Development
2009 has seen more attacks and further spreading
of the conflict in hitherto relatively calm areas,
                                                                After 2001 in Afghanistan, the EU embarked upon
including the northern regions. The current
                                                                one of its largest development programmes.
insecurity is due to a combination of factors
                                                                Following the pledges made in the different
including corruption fuelled by the illegal trade in
                                                                international conferences over EUR 4.371 billion
drugs, gems and weapons and a strengthened
                                                                (USD 6.5 billion) EU assistance has been
insurgency. Security sector reform remains the
                                                                committed, of which 5 billion had been disbursed as
central challenge for the government and its
                                                                reported in the latest available donor review of the
international partners in achieving the essential
                                                                Ministry of Finance (end of 2008). This represents
enabling environment for improved governance and
                                                                one fifth of the ODA received by Afghanistan
rule of law and for laying the foundations for
                                                                between 2002 and 2008. A quarter of the budget
sustained economic and social development.
                                                                consists of Community funding managed through
                                                                the EC Delegation in Kabul, the remaining combines
                                                                the bilateral contributions from the Member States.
                                                                For several EU countries their bilateral programmes
                                                                represent some of their most important aid
                                                                operations world-wide. Apart from the traditional EU
                                                                donors, there is also a significant presence from the
                                                                new Member States.

                                                                The actual average annual disbursement of EU
                                                                assistance for Afghanistan is estimated EUR 949
                                                                million or EUR 941.6 million (USD 1.4 billion). Table1
                                                                (page 8) provides a breakdown by individual
                                                                Member States and Commission according to the
                                                                allocation of funds to the principal sectors as

1. This figure is derived from the annual average of realised and projected disbursement for a reference period (mainly 2 - 3
years for most EU donors). This method was adopted as it allows better adjusting to the different budgetary cycles of each
of the donors and minimises biases due to differences in definitions.

                                                                EU Blue Book 2009
distinguished in the Afghan National Development        working with the US and World Bank on provision of
Strategy (ANDS).                                        primary health services.
                                                        The fourth main area of intervention combines
Nearly half the EU support (47%) is oriented towards
Governance, Rule of Law and Security. This covers a
vast area of reinforcing the Government revenue and
budget management capacity including a
substantial contribution to the administrative reform
process and payment of salaries of civil servants
through the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund
(ARTF) and of police officers through the Law and
Order Trust Fund (LOTFA). Other major interventions
are support to the Presidential, Parliamentary and
Provincial and District Council elections,
establishment and strengthening of sub-national
governance structures, reform of the judicial system
and counter narcotics.

Most contributions in the 20% share for rural
development and agriculture are in support of
community development and public infrastructure
at district and village levels through the National     support to private sector development and
Solidarity Programme (NSP) and other national           construction of major infrastructure (12%).
priority programmes managed by the Ministry of
Rehabilitation and Rural Development. Following         The UK, European Commission and Germany are
the recent shift in recognition of the economic         the largest European donors, accounting for 57% of
potential as also in response to the global food        the annual EU aid. All have significant teams of
crisis, there is a now growing and widening support     specialised development experts in the country,
for the improvement of agriculture production and       though in the case of Germany spread over its 3
irrigation.                                             main implementing agencies rather than centrally
                                                        attached to the embassy as is the case for DFID or
Similar amounts (19%) go to the combined social         the EC Delegation. Another 7 countries including
sectors including education, health and social          Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, France,
protection. The relative share for the social sectors   Finland and Spain contribute together 36% of the
would be higher if all humanitarian aid were included   annual EU budget, most of them having small teams
in this category. The Commission is the most            dedicated to aid management in their embassies in
significant European donor in the health sector,        Kabul.

                                                        The EU has been a strong supporter of better aid
                                                        alignment, which for the block as a whole is also
                                                        reflected in the high scores attributed in the OECD
                                                        2008 Aid Effectiveness survey. During 2007 over half
                                                        of the EU combined funding for Afghanistan was
                                                        through the public finance management system. It
                                                        has contributed over half the funding for the World
                                                        Bank administrated ARTF and two thirds of the
                                                        LOTFA which pays for the running costs of the
                                                        Afghan National Police.

                                                        Further details on the assistance of the European
                                                        Commission and of the individual Member States
                                                        are given in the Part II of this brochure.

                                                        EU Blue Book 2009
Rule of Law                                               support to the reconstruction and governance
The EU is engaged in the rule of law sector in            efforts, sometimes in the most insecure and remote
Afghanistan at a number of levels. The European           areas of the country. The Commission has been
Commission and a number of Member States                  operating a fund (EUR 10m) providing additional
support the LOTFA which funds the running costs of        resources for the European PRTs.
the Afghan National Police.The Commission along
with certain Member States are also major donors in
the justice sector, specifically funding the Afghan       Promoting Democracy and Human Rights
National Justice Programme; (see Community and            Human Rights
Member States' programmes in Part II).                    Afghanistan has made significant progress in
                                                          human rights and democratisation since the fall of
In terms of training and mentoring on the ground as                                      ,
                                                          the Taliban in 2001. However the ongoing conflict
well as assisting in taking forward reforms in the        and the deterioration of the overall security situation
ANP, the EU Police Mission (EUPOL), launched in           have aversely affected the progress in human rights
June 2007, is also one of the central elements of the     and many of the longstanding problems persist.
EU's focus on rule of law in Afghanistan. The
EUPOL mission is funded under the Common                  The situation surrounding freedom of expression
Security and Foreign Policy and is made up of             continues to slide as intimidation, threats, violence,
secondments from Member States and a small                and unjustified detentions are reported from a
number of third countries.                                number of quarters. Cultural, religious and political
                                                          factors continue to severely limit the lives and
EUPOL is staffed with 264 international members           potential of Afghan women and the number of
(as of August 2009) from 20 EU Member States plus         reported rape cases of women and children have
Croatia, Canada, Norway and New Zealand. The              increased significantly in recent years.          This
mission under the leadership of a Danish                  situation is compounded by a lack of a functioning
commander, Kai Vittrup, is deployed in Kabul and in       formal justice system in large parts of the country
15 provinces, with a focus on civilian police training;   and especially outside the main urban areas.
criminal investigation mentoring; intelligence-led
policing and anti-corruption programmes. EUPOL is         The EU Member States work in close co-operation
also implements a number of short to medium term          on human rights issues in Kabul to monitor and
projects such as airport security (illustrated by the     where necessary present EU demarches where
opening of the new Kabul Airport terminal), Kabul         human rights abuses have occurred. Such actions
City Police training and other projects                   are coordinated through the offices of the EUSR and
complementary to the US Focus District                    the EU Presidency in Kabul, with the Commission,
Development programme.                                    ensuring a coherent and unified European voice on
                                                          human rights issues in Afghanistan.
In terms of actors in the police sector, EUPOL is one
of the three pillars (with the US and the Ministry of     In terms of promotion of human rights, the European
Interior) of the International Police Coordination        Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights
Board, the main forum of international coordination       (EIDHR) is a financing instrument of the EU which
and is the main contributor to the staffing of the        supports the activities of civil society working in third
IPCB secretariat.       Further secondments from          countries. The EIDHR has an average annual global
Member States will in part dictate the future             budget of EUR 120 million, funding projects related
priorities and programmes of the EUPOL Mission.           to the improvement of human rights and democracy.

Apart from the EU's substantial contribution to           For Afghanistan, the pipeline for EIDHR related
police reform, many EU Member States have                 projects (2009-2010) comprises an annual budget of
supported the security sector reform in Afghanistan       EUR 1.2 million. Since 2005, the partners, national
by operating International Security Assistance            and international NGOs, have developed a variety of
Force (ISAF) Provincial Reconstruction Teams              activities that have been supported by this EU
(PRTs) with military and civilian components; the         initiative such as promoting the government's
PRTs are based in different parts of the country.         transparency and accountability; raising awareness
There are currently 12 European PRT providing             on human rights through local radio broadcasting;

                                                          EU Blue Book 2009
introduction of human rights training in the teachers'
training colleges; media rights monitoring and
transitional justice and reconciliation in Afghanistan.

The numerous initiatives of the EU Member States in
Afghanistan strengthen and compliment the
approach taken towards the betterment of human
rights through the EIDHR. These activities have
included legal and psycho-social aid to women,
support to Afghan Independent Human Rights
Commission, human rights training of police and
support to refugees and the disabled.

Election Observation
One of the central pillars of the EU's approach in
support of democratisation and respect for human
rights includes support to the electoral processes in     Parliamentary Contacts 2
third countries. The EU contributes through its           Relations between the European Parliament and the
election observation and other election support. In       Afghan Parliament (National Assembly) started
this respect, the EU has played a major role in the       when the first ad-hoc Delegation of the European
planning, funding and monitoring of elections in          Parliament to Afghanistan visited Kabul in July 2005.
Afghanistan since 2005.                                   The objective of the visit was to deepen the
                                                          understanding of the political situation in the view of
Whilst accepting the difficult environment for            the first Parliamentary elections, held in September
undertaking elections in Afghanistan, the EU has          2005. On that occasion an election observation
consistently expressed its wish for credible and          mission of the European Parliament was also sent to
transparent elections which can be judged to              Kabul.
express the will of the people. In this regard, EU
long term election observers for both the                 The next inter-parliamentary contact, a visit of an
Parliamentary elections in 2005 and the Presidential      Afghan Delegation, led by Mr Muhammad Yunus
elections in 2009 were in-country for several weeks       Qanoni, the Speaker of the Wolesi Jirga, took place
before the election-day, reporting on a range of          in 2006, in Strasbourg followed by the first Afghan
issues including access to media, voter registration,     Parliamentary visit to Brussels in November 2007
and equal treatment of candidates.                        headed by Mr Mohammad Arif Noorzai, Deputy
                                                          Speaker of Wolesi Jirga. These active exchanges
In 2005, the European Commission committed EUR            between parliaments contribute to building a
4 million for running of the Election Observation         network of common values and foster better
Mission and EUR 8.5 million towards the cost of           understanding the role, practices and procedures of
organising elections, plus EUR 3 million for the          the respective institutions.
institutional development of the Afghan
Parliament.For the Presidential election in August
2009, the European Commission increased its               People to People
commitment to EUR 35 million for the election             The Erasmus Mundus programme is a co-
preparations. In addition, the EC organised an            operation and mobility programme in the field of
Election Observation Mission of around 100                higher education which promotes the EU as a centre
observers with General Phillippe Morillon as Chief        of excellence in learning around the world. It aims at
Observer. The EU Observation Mission was the sole         better understanding between the EU and
internationally recognised mission observing the          Afghanistan amongst other developing countries
election in August 2009.                                  and to foster institutional co-operation in the field of
                                                          higher education. This is achieved through a
                                                          mobility scheme for student and academic


                                                          EU Blue Book 2009
exchanges for the purpose of studying, teaching,       from a scholarship to earn their Master degrees in
training and research. In addition, the programme      Europe. Their travels in Europe consisted of
provides EU-funded scholarships for third country      Denmark, UK, France, Spain and Italy. It is the first
nationals participating in these Masters Courses, as   time that Afghan students won an Erasmus Mundus
well as scholarships for EU-nationals studying in      scholarship thus joining other fellow students
third countries.                                       selected from non-EU countries to hone their talents
                                                       in cross-European excellence Master courses.
In 2006, two Afghan graduate students benefited


                                                       EU Blue Book 2009
Map of Europe

       EU Blue Book 2009
Map of Afghanistan

          EU Blue Book 2009
II. EU Donor Profiles
   II. EU Donor Profiles

                           II. EU Donor Profiles
                            EUROPEAN COMMISSION

                            A quarter of the EU aid has been contributed          million in humanitarian assistance. By end of
                            through the Community budget managed by the           2008 the EC had disbursed EUR 1.40 billion or
                            European Commission. Since 2002, this has             85% of its commitments.
                            amounted to EUR 1.65 billion including EUR 282

                                   Table 2
                                              EC aid to Afghanistan 2002 - 2008 in EUR million

                                                 Year           Total Commitments               Disbursed
                                                 2002                   247.59                        151.04
                                                 2003                   285.55                        213.90
                                                 2004                   247.55                        171.19
                                                 2005                   224.48                        206.11
                                                 2006                   200.53                        175.98
                                                 2007                   195.90                        224.59
                                                 2008                   214.49                        213.27
                                                 Total                 1651.09                    1398.23

                            The first EC Country Strategy Paper (CSP) 2003-       part of this funding has been channelled through
                            2006 and National Indicative Programme (NIP)          the national programmes of the Afghan
                            2003-2006 for Afghanistan targeted stability and      Government, such as health, or through the
                            poverty reduction by supporting rural                 multi-donor trust funds - ARTF and LOTFA -
                            development and food security, good                   which contribute to the central budget of the
                            governance, infrastructure and health, as well as     Government. Indeed, the Commission has been
                            other areas.                                          the single largest contributor to the LOTFA which
                                                                                  pays for the running costs of the Afghan National
                            The current Country Strategy Paper sets out the       Police. The EC has provided some EUR 280
                            priorities for the EC's work in Afghanistan for a     million to the Trust Fund to date.
                            seven year period, 2007 - 13. The Commission's
                            interventions currently fall into three focal and     A mid-term review of the Country Strategy Paper
                            three non-focal areas:                                is currently underway and the new multi-annual
                                                                                  indicative programme is being designed, in
                            - The focal areas are rural development,              consultation with the local authorities and civil
                            governance (police and justice), and health;          society as well as Member States and other key
                            - The non focal areas are social protection, mine     donors. The new multi-annual indicative
                            action and regional cooperation.                      programme will come into operation for the
                                                                                  second period of the Country Strategy, namely
                            The total budget for EC bilateral development         2011-13.
                            cooperation for 2007 - 10 is EUR 645 million,
                            including an additional allocation of EUR 35          Apart from bilateral cooperation, Afghanistan is
                            million in 2009 for election support. A significant   the recipient from regional programmes for Asia,

                                                                                  EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                           II. EU Donor Profiles
in particular Aid for Uprooted People                Following the Regional Conference on Economic
programmes, as well as support within the            Cooperation with Afghanistan, in Islamabad in
thematic programmes such as for Food Security,       May 2009, the EC has aimed to further enhance
Non-State Actors, the EIDHR and the Instrument       its role in regional cooperation. The Commission
for Stability (IfS). Humanitarian assistance         will strengthen its existing regional border
(governed by principles and rules largely            management programmes, including working
different from development cooperation) is           with organisations such as the UNODC in control
provided by the Directorate for Humanitarian Aid     of the flow of drugs precursors. It will also
(ECHO) which has a separate office in Kabul.         undertake a comprehensive study on the
The EC is an important donor to humanitarian         feasibility of an Afghan railway network
assistance and transitional activities               connecting Central and South Asia. Finally, in
implemented by UN organisations and NGOs             the area of trade, the Commission has pledged
providing support for protection of displaced        to assist in the implementation arrangements of
persons, return and reintegration of refugees,       a trade and transit agreement between
response to food crises and mine action.             Afghanistan and Pakistan as and when the
                                                     agreement is finalised between the two
The EC is also active on a regional level.           countries.

                Delegation of the European Commission
                Head of the EC Delegation, Ambassador Hansjörg Kretschmer
                Malalai Wat (opposite Ministry of Interior), Shahr-e- Naw
                Kabul, Afghanistan
                Tel: +93 (0) 799 09 5004/5/6

                                                    EU Blue Book 2009
  II. EU Donor Profiles


                          With a contribution of approximately EUR 13.5      initiatives include providing support to national
                          million, Belgium is one of the biggest donors to   and international NGOs, including the Belgian
                          the National Area-Based Development Program,       NGO Solidarité Afghanistan-Belgique, which is
                          which has set up the district development          active in the educational sector, Mothers for
                          assemblies as a governance structure at the        Peace and BBC AEP's through their 'New Home
                          district level. Another EUR 6 million has been     New Life' series. In the context of humanitarian
                          committed to the ARTF over the next three years    aid, Belgium has contributed more than EUR 15
                          (2008-2010), which will be used to co-fund the     million in assistance programs of WFP, WHO,
                          National Solidarity Programme. Significant         FAO and UNHCR. These contributions include
                          contribution has also been made to the national    funding for food assistance, medical assistance,
                          mine action program of Afghanistan over the        and shelter building and reintegration programs
                          past few years. Additionally, Belgium has          for returnees.
                          supported a capacity-building program in the
                          Afghan Ministry of Interior and is currently       Contributing to peace and security in
                          involved in a capacity-building project with the   Afghanistan, Belgium is a part of the
                          Independent Directorate of Local Governance.       International Security Assistance Force since
                          For previous elections Belgium contributed EUR     March 2003 and has deployed about 400 military
                          3.6 million, and it will continue to support the   in Afghanistan. This number has increased to
                          2009-2010 elections with a contribution of EUR 1   about 550 over 2009 as a result of the
                          million. Belgium has also been a donor to          commitment to provide an Operational
                          UNODC in Afghanistan (counter-narcotics and        Mentoring and Liaison Team for the Afghan
                          justice sector).                                   National Army. In addition it is also responsible
                                                                             for the security of the Kabul International Airport
BELGIUM                   Belgium has made a substantial contribution of     and has deployed six aircrafts in Kandahar. Its
                          EUR 3 million to the rural development             civil-military cooperation team works with the
                          programme of the Aga Khan Foundation in the        German Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in
                          Takhar and Badakshan Provinces. Other              Kunduz.

                                                                                 Belgium has provided development
                                                                              assistance to Afghanistan since 2002. Its
                                                                                 humanitarian aid and development
                                                                               assistance to Afghanistan has averaged
                                                                             EUR 6 million (USD 8.92 million) a year since
                                                                               the Tokyo Conference (2002). And it has
                                                                               further committed EUR 12 million (USD
                                                                             17.84 million) for 2009 and the same amount
                                                                                                 for 2010.

                                                                                  Embassy of Belgium
                                                                                  Qala-e-Fatehullah, Taimani Street, House 1-3
                                                                                  Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                                  Tel: +93 (0) 794 551 146

                                                                             EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                          II. EU Donor Profiles

Bulgaria and Afghanistan established diplomatic     EUR 12 m. It has also contributed with EUR
ties in 1961. Bulagria resumed its permanent        60,000 to ANA through the ANA Trust Fund.
diplomatic presence in Kabul in June 2002, 10       Other contributions include EUR 170,000 to the
years after it had been suspended, following the    Post Operation Humanitarian Relief Fund and
escalation of the civil war in Afghanistan.         EUR 37,000 to the Trust Fund Project for the
                                                    "Physical Security and Stockpile Management
Since the very beginning of the stabilization and   of Ammunition". Bulgaria has also joined the
reconstruction process, Bulgaria joined the         efforts towards supporting the ANA training
international efforts for bringing peace and        through participation in Operational Mentoring
security to Afghanistan. Currently, Bulgaria        Liaison Team within the International Security
participates with a 470-strong military             Assistance Force. Bulgarian humanitarian aid
contingent in the International Security            amounting to EUR 385,000 has also been
Assistance Force and its units are also deployed    extended to Afghanistan.
in Kabul and in Kandahar.
                                                    Considering the importance of capacity building
In addition, there is a Bulgarian medical team in   for improving governance in Afghanistan,
the Spanish hospital in Herat and two other         Bulgaria has provided training courses for junior
Bulgarian officers are deployed in the Hungarian-   Afghan diplomats at the Diplomatic Institute
led PRT in Pol-i Khumri, Baghlan Province.          affiliated to the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign
Improving the capacity of the Afghanistan           Affairs since 2006. The fourth consecutive
National Security Forces remains a top Bulgarian    course will be held in November 2009 in Sofia.
priority. As of now, Bulgarian assistance to the
Afghan National Army (ANA) has amounted to

   Bulgaria’s support to Afghanistan in the
security, humanitarian and capacity building
field for the period 2002 - 2008 amounted to
EUR 12.7 million (USD 18.9 million). Bulgaria
       will continue providing multiform
     assistance, using both bilateral and
            multilateral mechanisms.

   Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria
   Wazir Akbar Khan, Street 15
   Kabul, Afghanistan
   Tel: +93 (0) 202 103 148
   Fax: +93 (0) 202 101 089

                                                    EU Blue Book 2009
  II. EU Donor Profiles

                          CZECH REPUBLIC

                          The cooperation between the Czech Republic            of subsistence, development of rural
                          and Afghanistan has deep historical roots and         communities and improvement in the quality of
                          mutual diplomatic relations were established as       life. The key areas of work include elementary
                          early as 1937. Since 2001, the Czech Republic         education and development of secondary
                          has participated in the reconstruction and            schools specialized in agricultural education.
                          stabilization of Afghanistan.
                                                                                In March 2008, the Czech Republic undertook
                          Aligned with the priorities of the Afghan             responsibility for the PRT in the Logar Province of
                          Government, numerous activities that focus            Eastern Afghanistan. Civilian experts supported
                          mainly on agriculture, education, health care, and    by the Czech Republic military work together
                          security have been undertaken in cooperation          with the elected provincial government for further
                          with the local communities. The development           development of the region. The team also
                          initiatives of Czech Republic include assistance      actively participates in training of the Afghan
                          in the renewal of the irrigation systems and of the   police and army, and in the provision of police
                          transport infrastructure with specific emphasis       and military equipment supplies together with
                          on Logar Province. Apart from this, a part of the     supporting independent media.
                          bilateral assistance is distributed through
                          multinational trust funds and activities such as
                          de-mining. In the spirit of empowering people
                          through education, the Czech Republic provides
                          annual scholarships to several Afghan students
                          to study at Czech universities. Complimenting
                          the assistance, 'People in Need' a Czech NGO,
 CZECH                    has been working on providing long-term
                          solutions to problems directly linked with issues

                                The Czech Republic’s support to
                           Afghanistan from 2001 to the end of 2008
                           amounted to EUR 25.92 million (USD 38.55
                             million). Until December 2011 the total
                            pledge made by Czech Republic would
                            amount to EUR 37.08 million (USD 55.14

                                                                                PRT Engineer discussing school construction
                                                                                in logar province

                                                                                       Embassy of the Czech Republic
                                                                                       Wazir Akbar Khan, Street Nr. 10,
                                                                                       House Number 337, Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                                       Tel: +93 (0) 798 417 418

                           Rice Cultivation workshop organized by People
                                in Need, Agriculture High School Baghlan
                                                                                EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                               II. EU Donor Profiles

Denmark's engagement in Afghanistan is based           the National Education Strategic Plan, including
on a comprehensive strategy which integrates all       institutional reforms. Improving living conditions
support to Afghanistan - development, military         comes to reinforce the state building and
and humanitarian assistance. For the strategy          education efforts through, among others, the
period (2008-2012), Denmark's development              development of legal economic growth and
assistance alone reaches approximately EUR             employment for men and women, rural
53.8 million (USD 80 million) per year, which          development and the development of alternative
renders Denmark one of the largest bilateral           income opportunities to the narcotics industry.
contributors per capita. The objective of              Moreover, anti-corruption and gender equality
Denmark's development engagement in                    are cross-cutting priorities pursued in order to
Afghanistan is to contribute to the growth of a        render Afghanistan's development sustainable.
stable and more developed state that can take
charge of its own security, continue its               A special priority for Denmark is also the reform
democratic development and promote respect             and capacity development of the Afghan
for human rights - thus contributing to national,      National Police as an essential aspect of both
regional and global security.                          national, regional and global security and of
                                                       building a democratic state based on the rule of
Through a strong promotion of aid effectiveness,       law. For this purpose, in addition to other support
Denmark's development assistance is focused            provided, substantial Danish assistance is
on state building, education and the                   geared towards the efforts of the EU's police
improvement of living conditions. In support of        mission in Afghanistan. This contribution places
state building, assistance is geared with priority     Denmark among the mission's largest personnel
towards democratic processes, the fulfilment of        contributors.
human rights, the promotion of good governance                                                               DENMARK
and stabilisation. As a vital pre-requisite to state   Last but not least, as part of its integrated
building, Denmark also supports the                    approach, Denmark not only deploys troops to
strengthening of the civil society. With education     one of Afghanistan's most insecure Provinces,
at the core of building the country's future,          Helmand, but also focuses an integral part of its
Denmark is one of the key partners to the Ministry     development efforts there.
of Education, supporting its implementation of
                                                            Denmark’s development support to
                                                        Afghanistan from 2002 to the end of 2008
                                                        amounted to EUR 172.18 million (USD 256
                                                         million) in commitments and EUR 170.16
                                                        million (USD 253 million) in disbursements.
                                                        Building on the achievements of the past
                                                          eight years, Denmark projects further
                                                        support totalling EUR 196.39 million (USD
                                                          292 million) for the period 2009 - 2012.

                                                            Embassy of the Denmark
                                                            Mr. Ivan M. Nielsen, Deputy Head of Mission
                                                            Wazir Akbar Khan
                                                            Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                            Tel: +93 (0) 20 2300 968
        Courtesy of the Publication Department              Website: &
           of the Afghan Ministry of Education

                                                       EU Blue Book 2009
  II. EU Donor Profiles


                          Germany is one of the largest bilateral donors,    approximately EUR 11 million until September
                          providing aid for Afghanistan's reconstruction     2009). Furthermore, Germany has granted EUR
                          and development. Over the past years, it has       50 million for the ANA Trust Fund in 2009 and by
                          steadily increased its bilateral funds for civil   2010, it would have allocated over EUR 1.265
                          reconstruction and development from EUR 100        billion (USD 1.83 billion) for civil reconstruction
                          million in 2007 to EUR 188 million in 2009. In     purposes.
                          addition, depending on humanitarian needs,
                          Germany provides humanitarian aid and funds        Germany will continue to support the
                          for emergency oriented reconstruction aid in       Government of Afghanistan in the following fields
                          Afghanistan (about EUR 44 million in 2008 and      of cooperation:

                               Security sector reform (ANP and ANA training, contributions to LOTFA and ANA-TF);
                               Drinking water and energy supply (focus on renewable energy);
                               Sustainable economic development (Private sector development, trade & investment policy,
                               developing value chains, supporting small and medium-sized enterprises, generating
                               incomes in rural areas);
                               Basic infrastructure and income generating activities in the northeast and southeast of
                               Basic and secondary education; vocational training;
                               Rule of law, gender mainstreaming, capacity building in the public administration;
                               Good governance (political reforms, strengthening political structures);

                               National Afghan programmes (in particular the National Solidarity Programme and the
                               Education Quality Improvement Programme via the Afghan Reconstruction Trust Fund);
                               Regional stabilisation, especially around German-led Provincial Reconstruction Teams and
                               RC North (infrastructure, basic health care, capacity building); supporting alternative
                               livelihoods in North-Eastern Afghanistan and in Kandahar Province;
                               Trans-border projects in the framework of the G8-initiative Afghanistan-Pakistan;
                               Reconstruction of the cultural heritage, cultural exchange.

                                                                              Germany is the third largest bilateral donor
                                                                              to Afghanistan. Its commitments amount to
                                                                              more than EUR 1.21 billion (USD 1.8 billion)
                                                                               over 9 years with an annual contribution in
                                                                               2009 of about EUR 208 million (USD 309.4
                                                                                   million) for civil reconstruction and

                                                                                  Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
                                                                                  Wazir Akbar Khan, St. 6
                                                                                  Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                                  Tel: +93 (0) 20 210 15 12

                                                                              EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                             II. EU Donor Profiles

Estonia has provided development assistance to         With the sole aim of supporting the ongoing
Afghanistan since 2006 and before then was             efforts towards the stabilisation of Afghanistan,
providing support through the UNHCR. Aligned           Estonia has 150 soldiers placed mostly in
with the objectives set by the Afghan authorities      Helmand Province. In addition to the soldiers, an
in the Afghanistan National Development                Estonian adviser has mentored the Afghan
Strategy, Estonia's development cooperation            Ministry of Defence on relations with the Afghan
builds on a strategy adopted for the period 2006 -     Parliament together with Estonian experts that
2010.                                                  are a part of EU's police mission in Afghanistan.

The focus of Estonian development assistance           In September 2006 Estonia opened its special
lies predominantly in the field of health, where the   diplomatic mission in Afghanistan and in March
majority of activities are undertaken in Helmand       2008, Estonian non-residing Ambassador to
Province. To this effect, an Estonian healthcare       Afghanistan Mr. Harri Tiido presented his
expert has been working in the UK-led Lashkar          credentials. Mr. Tiido is also named as special
Gah PRT in Helmand Province, since March               representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan.
2008. One of the first projects undertaken aimed
at providing the children's department of Bost
Hospital with essential medical equipment. The
Province will get continued assistance from
Estonia particularly in the context of health-
related vocational training, especially for women
and medical workers. In Kabul, the main focus            Estonia’s support from 2006 to the end of
lies on education and good governance. A strong          2008 amounted to EUR 1.143 million (USD
promoter of knowledge preservation, Estonia              1.7 million) in disbursements. It projects a      ESTONIA
also embarked on granting monetary support to            total amount of EUR 1.345 million (USD 2
Kabul University. New projects will include                  million) for the period 2009 - 2011.
supporting the development of Afghanistan's
Parliament and the training of Afghan diplomats.

   Special Mission of the Republic of Estonian to
   the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
   Mr. Tanel Sepp, Charge d’Affairs
   Safi Landmark Hotel and Suites
   Kabul, Afghanistan
   Tel: +93 (0) 798 198 307

                                                       Estonian health advisor Ms Anu Raisma with the
                                                       first Afghan patient using the new medical oxygen
                                                       delivery system installed in Bost Hospital.

                                                       EU Blue Book 2009
 II. EU Donor Profiles


                         Since 2001, Ireland has allocated over EUR 42         clearance in Afghanistan for over twenty years.
                         million to Afghanistan. A pledge of EUR 5 million     Its mine clearance project operates in Central
                         made in January 2006 at the London                    and Northern Afghanistan, where some of the
                         International Conference on Afghanistan has           world's highest concentrations of explosive
                         been exceeded. A further pledge of EUR 9              remnants of war exist. The work of Halo Trust is
                         million over the period 2008-2009 was made at         helping to facilitate the continuing return of
                         the Paris Conference on Afghanistan in June           refugees and IDPs to their homes in Afghanistan
                         2008 and Ireland remains on target to fulfil this     and laying the foundations for longer term
                         pledge by end 2009.                                   development.

                         Ireland's aid to Afghanistan has traditionally        A significant portion of Irish funding to
                         focused on both humanitarian and development          Afghanistan is provided in support of NGOs, in
                         needs. Its assistance last year totalled over EUR     particular Concern, Trocaire and Christian Aid -
                         4.5 million with a particular focus on three areas:   engaged in a range of activities, including water
                         ARTF, de-mining programmes and support to             management, peace-building, women's
                         NGOs engaged in a range of development                empowerment, environmental health and micro-
                         activities.                                           enterprises. Total funding allocated through civil
                                                                               society organisations for development
                         Since 2002, Ireland has provided support of over      programmes in 2008 amounted to over EUR 2.1
                         EUR 9.5 million to the World Bank administered        million.
                         ARTF to assist the Afghan Government in
                         delivering on investment priorities and in            In 2009, Irish Aid has continued to support these
                         covering recurrent expenditures.                      priorities, and has also supported the
IRELAND                                                                        establishment of the UN Office for the
                         In addition Irish Aid has also provided significant   Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in
                         support to Halo Trust, an NGO engaged in mine         Afghanistan.

                                                                                To date in 2009, Ireland has allocated over
                                                                                   EUR 4.8 million (USD 7.13 million) in
                                                                                assistance to Afghanistan which included
                                                                                     humanitarian, rehabilitation and
                                                                                          development support.

                                                                                    Embassy of Ireland
                                                                                    Ambassador John Deady
                                                                                    5 Bonbast Nahid, Bazdar (ex-Kamranieh
                                                                                    Shomali) St. Farmanieh, Tehran, IR. Iran

                                                                               EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                         II. EU Donor Profiles

Greece remains particularly engaged in the           provides health care services, supplies,
reconstruction and stabilisation of Afghanistan.     medicines and personnel for supporting a
In co-operation with the Greek Ministries and        surgery hospital in Kabul. In the framework of
NGOs, HELLENIC AID implements numerous               educational programmes, Greece provides
development co-operation activities that focus       annually several Afghan students with
mainly on rehabilitation of damaged                  scholarships to study at Greek universities. It
infrastructure, culture, health care, education,     also contributes to the "social outreach
social protection and humanitarian aid, which are    programme" implemented by the Afghan
also aligned with the key priorities of the Afghan   government. Apart from these initiatives, a part
Government.                                          of the assistance provided is granted through
                                                     multinational trust funds (IOM) and/or in co-
Greece is also active in the team of countries       operation with other bilateral donors (Hungary).
working for the reconstruction of the Kabul
museum and the organisation of an Afghan             Recent Greek commitments for Afghanistan
archaeological service. Furthermore, Greece          have included:

     EUR 2 million grant to finance reconstruction programmes focusing on preventive medicine for
     women, protection of children and cultural activities
     EUR 0.4 million grant to the WFP for Afghanistan
     EUR 0.3 million grant for financing the Hungarian Project Provincial Reconstruction Teams
     EUR 1 million grant for support to organisation of the Presidential elections of August 2009.


                                                     During the period 2001 - 2008, aid disbursed
                                                        by Greece for development support to
                                                       Afghanistan amounted EUR 56.58 million
                                                          (USD 84.13 million) Building on the
                                                     achievements of the recent past, Greece will
                                                      provide further support in the form of co-
                                                          ordinated aid in the years to come.

                                                          Embassy Greece
                                                          Ambassador Petros Mavroidis
                                                          House 33A, School Road, Sector F-6/2
                                                          Islamabad, Pakistan
                                                          Tel: +92 (0) 51 2825720, 2822558
                                                          Fax: +93 (0) 51 8358985

                                                     EU Blue Book 2009
II. EU Donor Profiles


                        Spain's main focus in terms of development             million, bilaterally in the Badghis Province. In
                        activities is in the Province of Badghis. During the   December 2006, UNDP and the Government of
                        period 2001-2005 and following the Tokyo               Spain signed a far-reaching agreement to
                        Conference, Spain contributed around EUR 75            establish a fund to accelerate efforts to reach the
                        million (USD 110 million) to Afghanistan.              Millennium Development Goals in selected
                        Moreover, delivering on the commitments of the         countries, including Afghanistan. Spain has
                        London Conference in 2006, Spain has budgeted          already disbursed over EUR 16 million since
                        EUR 150 million for the period 2006-2010               2006 to this fund. In addition, Spain is
                        towards the reconstruction and stabilisation of        responsible for a PRT in Badghis Province. Other
                        Afghanistan. The strategic objectives and              initiatives include working towards the creation
                        priorities of the Spanish cooperation in               of a Centre for Agricultural and Rural
                        Afghanistan are the following:                         Development Training in Kabul and contributing
                                                                               to the EU's police mission in Afghanistan.
                           Basic education and vocational training;
                           Provision of drinking water;
                           Communication infrastructures;
                           Irrigation and Farming;
                           Improving of livestock;
                           Good Governance and
                           Food security and emergency aid.

SPAIN                   Within the principles established by the ANDS,
                        Spain continues to deliver assistance to
                        Afghanistan through bilateral and multilateral
                        instruments. Since 2006, it has disbursed EUR
                        65 million mainly through ARTF, UNDP and
                        National Development Programmes and EUR 43

                          The total disbursements made by Spain
                          during the period 2001- 2005 amounts to
                        EUR 73.98 million (USD 110 million) whereas
                         total commitments for the 2006 - 2010 are
                            EUR 150 million (USD 223.12 million).

                           Embassy of Spain
                           Shirpur, Main St. 3rd Lane-Right
                           Kabul, Afghanistan
                           Tel: +93 (0) 202 203 788
                                +93 (0) 202 203 789
                                +93 (0) 202 203 790

                                                                               EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                                II. EU Donor Profiles

France has been an active partner in the                      Contribution to the ARTF (2009: EUR 4
development of Afghanistan since 1922. The                    million).
country strategy for 2008-2011 is currently under
revision in order to better fulfill the objectives set    2. Support to agriculture growth and basic
in the ANDS and to be in keeping with the final           services delivery at both central and provincial
document issued by the International                      level, particularly in the Province of Kapisa and
Conference in Support of Afghanistan of 12 June           in the Kabul district of Sorubi (where, due to the
2008. The amount of Official Development                  presence of the French Army forces in the field,
Assistance provided by France is due to increase.         France has a good understanding of the
                                                          situation and of the needs of the population).
French assistance focuses on two main                     Activities include:
                                                              Health and Agriculture: the priority sectors
  1. Strengthening state Institutions: by                     of French cooperation both channeled
  intensifying cooperation in governance and                  though the Agence Française de
  security sectors together with increasing                   Développement, AFD (for 2009, health is
  contributions to the Afghan National                        EUR 3.8 million; agriculture and rural
  programmes. Activities include the following:               development EUR 18.7 million)
                                                              Education, Culture and Heritage are the
      Cooperation with the Afghan National                    historical sectors of the Afghan-French
      Police through a support to the counter-                cooperation (2009: EUR 5.9 million). In the
      drugs Academy, the scientific police and                field of Education, support was provided
      the vocational training. In addition to that,           to Teachers Training Centers activities,
      France will soon start new cooperations                 the Esteqlal and Malalai Lycées and the          FRANCE
      decided upon with the Ministry of Interior.             University of Kabul. Archaeological
      (in 2009: EUR 1.7 million). Additionally an             researches stretching to a period of
      initiative involving "gendarmerie" is under             almost eight decades are conducted by
      consideration.                                          the French Archaeological Delegation in
      Support to the organisation of Afghan                   Afghanistan and activities in the cultural
      elections (2009: EUR 1 million).                        domain are mainly coordinated by the
                                                              French Cultural Centre.
      Support to the Afghan Parliament and
      training of legal professionals and                     Additionally, social protection is catered
      students (2009: EUR 410,000).                           for through allocations to international
                                                              Agencies and NGOs.
      Emergency food aid, to tackle food
      insecurity (2009: EUR 4 million).

 France’s development support to Afghanistan amounted to EUR 139.5
million (USD 207.42 million) in commitments to date. For the period 2009-
   2011 an amount of EUR 91.78 million (USD 136.47 million) has been
  projected while the disbursement to date is EUR 100.26 million (USD
149.07 million). These figures do not include the involvement of the 3750
                     French soldiers in Afghanistan.

               Embassy of France
               Shirpur, Main Street, Shahr-e-naw
               Tel: +93 (0) 700 28 40 32

                                                         EU Blue Book 2009
II. EU Donor Profiles


                        The Italian Cooperation has been active in            contributions to the electoral system, DIAG, the
                        Afghanistan since 2001, aiming at alleviating the     LOTFA, and SEAL. Italian support to Afghanistan
                        humanitarian crisis resulting from the conflict,      National Development Strategy also means: 1)
                        and at creating the conditions for a sustainable      national roads (Maidan Shar - Bamyan); 2) health,
                        development of Afghanistan.                           providing both essential hospital packages, and
                                                                              prevention of communicable diseases in 15
                        Among the ten major donors to Afghanistan,            health structures in Kabul, Herat and Baghlan
                        ranking sixth among the donor countries               Provinces; 3) support to national budget (through
                        (Source: Afghan Ministry of Finance, Financial        the ARTF); and gender equity and women
                        Donors Review 2008), Italy plays a leading role in    empowerment, through the promotion of women
                        the Justice and Rule of Law sector. Italy's           entrepreneurship and the funding to the UNIFEM
                        disbursement from 2001 to 2008 amounted to            initiatives.
                        EUR 430 million. Geographically, Italy supports
                        development activities in Herat, Farah, Badghis,      Italy has also provided emergency aid for
                        Bamian, Wardak, Baghlan, Nangharar and                refugees and returnees through the UNHCR and
                        Kabul.                                                humanitarian assistance (distribution of food and
                                                                              basic supplies, small scale irrigation, basic
                        The Italian support to the justice reform,            health, education and water supply intervention)
                        amounting to EUR 56 million between 2001 and          through WFP and Afghan NGOs. Italy sustained
                        2007, was channelled through UN and                   vocational training in Herat Province and
                        international agencies, ARTF, LOTFA and CNTF    .     supported, through UNESCO, the rehabilitation
                        Italy established the Independent National Legal      of the ERTV, Education Radio Television,
                        Training Centre for the judiciary and developed       successively acquired by the Ministry of
ITALY                   new teaching curricula.       Furthermore, Italy      Education as a tool for distance learning.
                        supported the construction of several courts and
                        prosecutor offices in the Provinces, and the          In the future, the focus will be on strengthening
                        setting-up of the first "open centre" within a        local governance and development through the
                        juvenile prison in Kabul.                             NSP and the Afghanistan Social Outreach
                                                                              Programme, the realisation of the Maydan-
                        The ANDS has later on determined a significant        Bamyan road, and the juvenile justice.
                        change in the approach of the International
                        Community in Afghanistan. Italy's action is in line
                        with this new approach, and is working towards
                        the Afghan ownership, channelling part of its         Italy has committed to the reconstruction of
                        funds through the ARTF and other trust funds             Afghanistan a total amount of EUR 430
                        managed by the Afghan Government. In the               million (USD 639.62 million) from November
                        context of Governance, it is worth recalling            2001 to the end of 2008. The disbursing of
                                                                                   funds goes 60% through multilateral
                                                                                    channels and 40% though bilateral

                                                                                Embassy of Italy
                                                                                Mr. Maurizio Di Calisto, Director of Italian
                                                                                Cooperation Office, Italian Cooperation Office,
                                                                                Great Masoud Road, Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                                Tel: +93 (0) 797 474 745

                                                                              EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                          II. EU Donor Profiles

Latvian development assistance to Afghanistan         International Security Assistance Force in
is based on a Development Cooperation Policy          Afghanistan since 2003 and in 2009 it has
Programme adopted for 2006 - 2010 where               deployed approximately 174 military in
Afghanistan has been placed among the top of          Afghanistan, part of them forming an Operational
the bilateral beneficiaries' list.                    Mentoring and Liaison Team.

Latvia's development assistance to Afghanistan
focuses on rule of law, police sector, education
and gender equality as well as infrastructure         Latvia has provided development assistance
including renewal of the irrigation systems and            to Afghanistan since 2007. Latvia's
access to potable water. Acting with limited           development support to Afghanistan from
resources Latvia has initiated relatively large         2007 -2009 amounts to EUR 0.647 million
scale projects while working together with the        (USD 0.962 million) in disbursements. A total
European Commission and the Government of               EUR 1.279 million (USD 1.9 million) were
Japan. Its multilateral assistance to Afghanistan        provided as development assistance to
is channelled through LOTFA and CNTF    .                   Afghanistan through co-projects.

Latvia has also been involved, since 2007 in the
implementation of development cooperation
projects in the Faryab Province of Afghanistan             Contact:
where Latvian military forces are stationed in             Embassy of Latvia in Uzbekistan
Meimaneh Provincial Reconstruction Team.                   Mr. Igors Apokins
Through the EUPOL police mission in                        16 A Lashkarbegi Str., Tashkent, 100000
Afghanistan, it regularly contributes its personnel                                                      LATVIA
                                                           Tel: +998 71 237 22 15
to strengthen the Afghan National Police.
Contributing to stabilization and reconstruction           Website:
efforts in Afghanistan, it has been part of

                                                      EU Blue Book 2009

            Lithuania established diplomatic relations with       addition, Lithuania has also contributed to the
            Afghanistan in December 1930 by signing an            humanitarian assistance program through the
            Agreement on Foundation of Friendly Relations.        WFP.
            The diplomatic relations with Afghanistan were
            re-established in March 2005. Shortly thereafter,     Since 2005, Lithuania has been leading a PRT in
            Lithuania established a Special Mission in            Chaghcharan, the capital of Ghor Province. Its
            Afghanistan, which expanded its presence in           main objective is to assist Afghanistan in
            Kabul.                                                becoming a secure, democratic and self-
                                                                  sufficient state. As a contributor to the
            To ensure Afghan ownership and coherent               multinational effort in Afghanistan, Lithuania
            development, Lithuania harmonizes                     supports the Afghan Government's efforts to
            development efforts with the priorities set out by    stabilize the country, strengthen governance and
            the Afghanistan National Development Strategy         reduce poverty.
            and Provincial Development Plans. Acting with
            limited resources, Lithuania concentrates its         Civil-military cooperation team in the PRT of
            efforts in certain priority sectors: Education;       Ghor also provides food, medical assistance
            Infrastructure; Sustainable Development; Good         during crisis and implements quick impact
            Governance, Rule of Law and Strengthening             projects for the most vulnerable communities in
            Administrative Capacities; Strengthening              the Province. Contributing further, Lithuania also
            Cultural Ties and Protecting Cultural Heritage.       supports the EU's police mission in Afghanistan
                                                                  and is committed to providing more specialists
            Lithuania's contribution has seen the successful      as the number of mission reaches its full strength.
            implementation of many projects. One such
LITHUANIA   success story is the contribution towards             Lithuania remains strongly committed to retain
            safeguarding of cultural heritage in Afghanistan      its civil involvement in the Ghor Province to
            where Lithuanian and Afghan experts worked            address the challenges of this very poor region of
            together on the preservation of objects of cultural   the country.
            value. Research of archaeological sites was
            undertaken and their documentation was made
            in a national register of cultural monuments.
                                                                    Since 2006 when development programs
            Lithuania continues the successful cooperation
                                                                         and development structures were
            with the Japanese Government in implementing
                                                                   established under the Ministry of Foreign
            education and infrastructure projects. In
                                                                    Affairs of Lithuania, the contributions to
                                                                  Afghanistan reached EUR 2.28 million (USD
                                                                  3.39 million). Consequently in the year 2008,
                                                                     it disbursed EUR 1.17 million (USD 1.74

                                                                   Special Mission of the Republic of Lithuania to the
                                                                   Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
                                                                   c/o Delegation of the European Commission
                                                                   Malalai Wat (opposite Ministry of Interior)
                                                                   Shahr-e- Naw
                                                                   Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                   Tel: +93 (0) 799 740521

                                                                  EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                              II. EU Donor Profiles

In the area of development cooperation,
Luxembourg has allocated EUR 25 million in the        In the context of security, in addition to its
last decade to support the Afghan population in       participation in International Security Assistance
the fight against poverty and the reconstruction      Force, Luxembourg contributes to the training
of their country. Since 2007, it has contributed an   and equipment trust fund for the enlarged Afghan
average level of Official Development Assistance      National Army (ANA). Contributions made from
to Afghanistan amounting to EUR 2.5 million per       2007 to 2009 have amounted to EUR 5.7 million
year. For the years to come, Luxembourg will          and have been used to fund training for officers
maintain this effort through predictable, multi-      and protective equipment (life-vests and
annual financial commitments.                         helmets). Finally, Luxembourg has supported
                                                      Afghan election exercise through the UNDP both
Luxembourg works in support of the Afghan             in 2005 and in 2009 by contributing EURO 50,000
government together with the UNDP, UNFPA,             and 75,000 respectively.
WFP, FAO and ICRC as well as NGOs.
Additionally, it provides support to the
development of local agriculture, focusing on the
production as well as the transformation and
commercialisation of agricultural products. At
the same time, Luxembourg also finances food
aid and nutritional assistance programs,
supports water and sanitation programs and
contributes to programs that specifically address          Contact:
the needs of women and infant children in the              Ministry of Foreign Affairs
healthcare sector. Furthermore, Luxembourg                 Directorate for Political Affairs               LUXEMBOURG
provides assistance to those who are most at risk          Mrs. Yasuko Muller
                                                           Secrétaire de Légation
and vulnerable i.e. members of a minority group,
                                                           B. P. 1602, L-1016 Luxembourg
elderly, disabled persons, abandoned children
                                                           Tel: (+352) 2478 2441
and orphans or incarcerated people. In terms of            Fax: (+352) 22 31 44
budget support, Luxembourg also channels                   Email:
funds through the ARTF.

      During the last ten years,
 Luxembourg's humanitarian aid,
 reconstruction and development
  cooperation effort in support of
 the poorest and most vulnerable
  populations in Afghanistan has
   amounted to a total of EUR 25
million (USD 37.18 million). During
     the past three years, it has
  allocated EUR 2.5 million (USD
     3.71 million) per year to its
Afghanistan program. Luxembourg
will keep this level of commitment
       for the years to come.

                                                      EU Blue Book 2009

          Hungary has been active in Afghanistan since             are workplace creation (brick factory, carpet
          2003. Contributing to both development and               weaving and carpentry classes), agricultural
          stabilisation, it took over the lead of the Baghlan      development programmes (milk production
          PRT in 2006, where its military contingent is also       program) and the training of experts, public
          deployed. Geographically, Hungary's                      servants and police. Most of the projects have
          development efforts are focused solely on                been implemented by three NGOs namely the
          Baghlan Province.                                        Hungarian Interchurch Aid, the Hungarian
                                                                   Baptist Aid and the International Centre for
          Hungary started the implementation of                    Democratic Transition. Hungary has also
          development projects in 2007, by providing               extended scholarships for full university
          substantial official development assistance to           education to Afghan students selected from
          Afghanistan in 2007 and 2008 with an allocation          Baghlan Province and training opportunities for
          of EUR 2 million per year thus placing                   Afghan diplomats in Budapest. It has further
          Afghanistan on the top of the bilateral                  provided humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan
          beneficiaries' list. Its focus lies in sectors such as   (2006-2008) and contributed to LOTFA (2004).
          agriculture, education and health and a large part
          of the cooperation consists of technical                 Hungary has been in the lead of the military camp
          assistance as well as technology transfer.               at Kabul International Airport from October 2008
          Additionally, assistance is also channelled to           -March 2009. As training and equipping the
          capacity building in sectors related to                  Afghan National Security Forces is another key
          governance like public administration, police and        priority, Hungary deployed an Operational
          law enforcement.                                         Mentoring and Liaison Team to Baghlan Province
                                                                   in 2008. Hungarian police not only contribute to
HUNGARY   Highlighting the importance of donor                     the training of the local police force in Baghlan
          coordination, Hungarian ministries and NGOs              Province but also take part in EU's police mission
          have worked together with Greece, the European           in Afghanistan. The Hungarian Defence Forces
          Commission and the Japanese Government in                supported the NATO Election Support Force with
          projects such as midwife training, water                 a unit aimed at securing the Presidential and
          management, public administration reform,                Provincial Elections in 2009.
          health and vocational education. Key projects

                                                                   In order to contribute to the reconstruction
                                                                     of Afghanistan, Hungary has committed
                                                                    approx. EUR 4 million (USD 5.94 million) in
                                                                    the last two years. Total pledges include a
                                                                     sum of EUR 6 million (USD 8.92 million of
                                                                    which the disbursement to date has been
                                                                        EUR 3.2 million (USD 4.75 million).

                                                                    Embassy of Hungary
                                                                    Ambassador Sándor Mátyus,
                                                                    c/o Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
                                                                    Wazir Akbar Khan, St. 6
                                                                    Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                    Tel: +93 (0) 79 70 35375

                                                                   EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                              II. EU Donor Profiles

The Netherlands has been actively contributing       considerable contribution was made for voter
to Afghanistan's development for almost 20           registration in view of the upcoming elections.
years. Prior to 2001, approximately EUR 9 million    The position of women is given special
was spent through UN organisations, the Red          consideration and a programme for access of
Cross and other aid organisations in the country.    women to justice is supported.
After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, the
Netherlands placed Afghanistan on its list of        In view of the support from the Netherlands for
partner countries, thus guaranteeing a long-term     improved security, governance and development
development partnership. The last three years        in Uruzgan Province within the framework of
the programme has been growing rapidly,              International Security Assistance Force, the
reaching a disbursement of almost EUR 88             development cooperation programme is rapidly
million in 2008. This makes Afghanistan one of       increasing. This support is channelled through a
the recipient countries with the largest             variety of programmes including ministries, UN
Netherlands development cooperation support.         organizations, international and Afghan NGOs
                                                     and the private sector.
The Netherlands was one of the founding
members of the ARTF and continues to be one of       The Netherlands main priorities within the
its main donors. With further contributions to the   Afghanistan National Development Strategy,
LOTFA and support to national sectoral               some specifically focused on Uruzgan Province,
programmes, this means that about 50% of the         are: security; good governance, rule of law and
Netherlands annual development budget is             human rights; agriculture and rural development;
channelled through the Afghan Government,            education, health and social protection. Through
directly or indirectly.                              EU's police mission in Afghanistan, the
                                                     Netherlands contributes police mentors and           NETHERLANDS
The Netherlands also supports programmes for         trainers to strengthen the capacity of the ANP.
good governance, sub-national governance, law        Counter narcotics, in particular interdiction and
and order and strengthening of adherence to          livelihoods, receives specific attention. In the
universal human rights. Strengthening of             coming years additional effort will be
transparent local administration and effective       concentrated on strengthening of the ANSF; rule
service delivery remains the main aim of the         of law and implementation of a justice
Netherlands effort. In addition, in 2008 a           programme in Uruzgan Province. Human rights
                                                     and civic education will also be a priority in all
 The Netherlands' support from 2006 to the           development programmes. The Netherlands is
    end of 2008 amounted to EUR 220.94               also taking a lead role in donor coordination in
        million (USD 328.5 million) in               support of the Ministry of Education and Ministry
 disbursements. It projects a total amount           Agriculture, Irrigation and Livelihoods. Private
 of EUR 406.24 million (USD 604 million) for         sector development in the agricultural sector is
           the period 2006 - 2011.                   being pursued
                                                     through public-private
   Contact:                                          partnerships and
   Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands         water resource
   Mr. Marten de Boer, Head of Development           management and
   Cooperation Section
                                                     rural energy is a focus
   MoI Road, next to Indonesian Embassy
                                                     in Uruzgan Province.
   Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                     In all activities,
   Tel: +93 (0) 799 715 500
   Email:                             concerns for gender
                    and environmental
                  sustainability will be
   Website:                           mainstreamed.

                                                     EU Blue Book 2009

          Austria has had a development programme in          funding has been channelled into support to the
          Afghanistan since 1999 with a total funding of      election process in Afghanistan with the OSCE-
          some EUR 55 million over the last decade. In        ODIHR mission receiving Austrian support
          recent years Austria has focussed its               during the recent Presidential Elections in August
          engagement on key sectors of the Afghan             2009.
          National Development Strategy. In particular, the
          education sector, both primary and secondary        Austria has also provided support to the various
          education, has been a priority area for Austrian    UN agencies in Afghanistan, in particular the
          assistance from 2008, accounting for some 27%       UNODC. In 2009, funding has been provided for
          of Austria's total ODA.                             UNODC projects to strengthen anti-corruption
                                                              measures and justice capacity building.
          Another priority sector which is a key element of
          current Austrian assistance is governance at the    Finally, mine action will continue to be a priority
          central and local level. A programme of EUR         area. EUR 250,000 has been provided to the UN
          250,000 is ongoing which is targeting civil         mine action programme for 2009 and plans for
          society development and Austria will seek to        future support are being considered.
          expand on this in the period ahead. Moreover,

                                      Austrian Development Agency
                                      Vienna, Austria


                                                              EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                          II. EU Donor Profiles

Poland has been involved in the field of             will increase to EUR 9 million. Most of the funds
development co-operation in Afghanistan since        will be allocated to projects implemented by
2002. Polish aid, administrated by the Ministry of   Polish experts within PRT in Ghazni.
Foreign Affairs, is mainly channelled bilaterally
through NGOs, Polish Military Contingent and
the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Kabul.
During the period 2002-2008 over 60 projects
were implemented with a total estimated support
of EUR 5.7 million.                                   The Polish support from 2002 to the end of
                                                       2008 amounted to EUR 5.34 million (USD
Polish support to Afghanistan is focused on              7.95 million) in disbursements. A total
specific areas:                                       amount of approximately EUR 8.07 million
   Strengthening of state structures and civil         (USD 12 million) is projected for the year
   Society;                                                                2009.
   Diversification of the economy;
   Access to potable water;
   Health protection and

Until 2008 the projects were mainly related to            Contact:
construction and modernisation of schools and             Embassy of the Republic of Poland
health centres, support for agricultural education        Kart-eSeh, Maghzan Street
and construction of water pumps. In 2008, in              Kabul, Afghanistan
order to strengthen the Afghan state structure,           Tel: +93 (0) 752 029 737
Poland organised a dedicated training course              Email:
entitled Strategic Economic Needs and Security
Exercise.     Over 40 representatives of the
government, media and NGOs received hands-
on experience in the fields of
economic transformation
management as well as
democratic state governance.
Poland also provides
assistance to Afghanistan
through contributions to
international institutions and
organisations. Until 2008,
Polish multilateral assistance
totalled over EUR 2.5 million
(USD 3.5 million).

Furthermore, Poland has been
part of International Security
Assistance Force in
Afghanistan since 2002 with
the sole aim of bringing peace
and stability. In 2009 the
volume of bilateral assistance

                                                     EU Blue Book 2009

           Portugal began providing development                had several forces deployed to the territory since
           assistance to Afghanistan, through annual           then. With a 143 military strength in Afghanistan,
           programmes, in 2002. During the period 2002-        Portuguese participation includes two
           2004 the Portuguese government provided             Operational Mentoring Liaison Teams and a
           support to Afghan refugees by financing 3           medical team at a medical treatment facility at
           humanitraian assistance projects implemented        Kabul's airport. In support of the second Afghan
           through NGOs. It also provided financial support    Presidential elections, Portugal reinforced its
           to the International Red Cross in the framework     presence by sending further military personnel.
           of its Humanitarian Assistance Programme in
           Afghanistan.                                        The current number of Portuguese military forces
                                                               may increase during 2010, with the probable
           Portugal has participated in the International      deployment of a military unit of 150 soldiers.
           Security Assistance Force since 2002 and has

                                     In the period between 2002 -2008, Portugal
                                      provided a total amount of EUR 29 million
                                          (USD 43.13 million) in the form of
                                       development assistance to Afghanistan.

                                       Portuguese Embassy
PORTUGAL                               House 66, Main Margalla Road, F 7/2
                                       Islamabad, Pakistan
                                       Tel.: +92 (0) 51 265.24.91/3

                               Portuguese medical team at the Kabul International Airport

                                                               EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                            II. EU Donor Profiles

Afghanistan remains one of the key countries in        policemen to EU's police mission in Afghanistan.
the context of development cooperation and             Romania also hopes to channel its future efforts
support provided by Romania. Based on the              into establishing or contributing to an existing
Romanian National Strategy regarding the               Provincial Reconstruction Team.
International Cooperation Policy for
Development, the following assistance has been
allocated to Afghanistan:                                Romanian Contribution to the World Food
                                                           Programme, earmarked for Afghanistan
     In 2008: Contribution to the World Food            EUR 150,000 (USD 223,000). The Romanian
     Programme with EUR 150,000 earmarked              Ministry of Education also provided support
     for Afghanistan. In addition, the Romanian         in the form of scholarships for a number of
     Ministry of Education provided                     20 students from Afghanistan, for a total of
     scholarships to 20 Afghan students.                 EUR 20,000 (USD 29,700). In addition eight
                                                       police officers are participating in a training
     In 2009: Romania has provided support to          programme on International Cooperation in
     the project ‘International Cooperation in           Border Management, implemented by the
     Border Management through training of
                                                         International Organization for Migration in
     trainers’ which aims promoting
                                                               cooperation with the Ministry of
     international cooperation between target
                                                           Administration and Interior of Romania,
     countries and facilitates the exchange of
                                                       through the Romanian Border Police School
     information, experience and good
                                                          for Initial and Continuous Training in Iasi,
     practices in the field of border
     management. Representatives from
     selected ASEM countries as well as from                                                              ROMANIA
     Afghanistan (8 police officers) will be invited
     to participate in the training programme.
     This has been implemented by the IOM in             Contact:
     cooperation with the Ministry of                    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
                                                         Ms. Ana-Maria Popeia
     Administration and Interior of Romania,
                                                         Bucharest, Romania
     through the Romanian Border Police
                                                         Tel: +40 (0) 21 431 1325
     School for Initial and Continuous Training in       Email:
     Iasi, Romania.

The Development Assistance Division within the
Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently
in the process of planning the Official
Development Assistance budget for 2010. The
focal areas of involvement in Afghanistan will be
good governance and the rule of law. There will
also be continued focus on building Afghan
capacity and effective Afghan institutions, so
that Afghanistan can take control of its own
security, governance and development (i.e.
training the Afghan police officers, civil servants,
judges, border personnel).

Furthermore, Romania within the framework of
NATO contributes 1,047 troops to International
Security Assistance Force at present and 5

                                                       EU Blue Book 2009

           Slovenia's engagement in Afghanistan is              work within Operational Mentoring and Liaison
           comprehensive and includes both military and         Team. Slovenia has also recently entered into the
           civilian. Slovenia has been providing official       PRT in Herat as second nation and as part of
           development assistance to Afghanistan since          CIMIC Centre. Its civil functional experts support
           2006. During the period 2006-2008, most funds        the CIMIC team in relation to international and
           were earmarked for aid to Afghan refugees (EUR       non-governmental organisations as well as sub-
           231,394). Prior to that, Slovenia provided           national governance institutions. Deployed in
           humanitarian aid, including material relief          November 2008, their work focuses on the areas
           assistance and medical equipment, in addition to     of legal affairs, public administration,
           deploying fire fighters to the Kabul International   development planning and humanitarian
           Airport.                                             assistance. In the media sector, Slovenia has
                                                                contributed a new studio for public television
           Slovenia plans on increasing its presence in the     broadcasting and technical improvements at a
           Province of Herat. Slovenia's projects will focus    news agency. Equipment for vocational training
           on rural development and agriculture (veterinary     and support to a national humanitarian
           projects); good governance, rule of law and          organization and its centre for the mentally
           human rights; infrastructure and natural             disabled is also planned. In 2009, Slovenia
           resources (use of renewable energy resources).       allocated EUR 91,798 for the preparatory phase
           There will also be programmes in the education,      of development projects and for the above-
           culture, media fields (university cooperation,       mentioned projects.
           exchange in culture, support for the media and
           information sharing). The support provided
           through its projects is estimated to be EUR           Contact:
SLOVENIA   370,000 (2010) and 395,000 (2011).                    Ministry of Foreign Affairs
                                                                 Division for International Development
           In the context of military assistance, Slovenia's     Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance
                                                                 Directorate for Policy Planning and Multilateral
           engagement focuses on participation within the
                                                                 Relations, Prešernova 25, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
           framework of International Security Assistance
                                                                 Tel: +386 1 478 21 71
           Force, including significant donations and            Fax: +386 1 478 21 44
           training for the Afghan National Army as well as

                                                                                     Slovenia's support to
                                                                                Afghanistan during the period
                                                                                  of 2006-2008 amounted to
                                                                                 EUR 231,394 (USD 344,196)
                                                                                and in 2009 Slovenia allocated
                                                                                EUR 91,798 (USD 136,500). The
                                                                                value of projects during 2010-
                                                                                 2011 is estimated to be EUR
                                                                                  765,000 (USD 1.13 million).

           Inauguration of a new TV studio at Herat Radio and TV station

                                                                EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                               II. EU Donor Profiles

Afghanistan has been is one of the main priority         Government is currently in the process of
countries of the Slovak development assistance           preparing in-kind humanitarian assistance (EUR
since 2003. Slovakia provides its development            100,000) with the aim of channelling it to people
assistance to Afghanistan in line with the sectoral      afflicted by natural disasters in the Province of
priorities of the Afghan National Development            Uruzgan.
Strategy, which includes support to building
democratic institutions, civil society, social           At present, there are approximately 250 Slovak
development, health care and education,                  soldiers serving in Afghanistan as part of
developing economic and market environment               International Security Assistance Force, 100 of
and infrastructure.                                      who together with the Dutch, Australian and
                                                         French soldiers are based in the Province of
During the period 2004-2009 Slovak                       Uruzgan. Furthermore, Slovak soldiers work in
organisations and NGOs implemented                       Provincial Reconstruction Teams thereby
development projects amounting to EUR 1.7                contributing to development projects and the
million. In the period from 2005 - 2009 Slovakia         training of Afghan soldiers. A medical team has
delivered aid amounting to EUR 11 million (USD           also recently been deployed in Afghanistan as a
16 million) and provided funding for polio               part of NATO Election Support Force.
vaccination for 250,000 children. The Slovak

                            Embassy of Slovakia
                            No. 38, Sarlashgar Fallahi Street
                            P.O.BOX: 1935-6341                                                               SLOVAKIA
                            Tehran, Iran
                            Tel: +98 (0) 21 22406495

                                                         EU Blue Book 2009

          Finland has been an active bilateral donor in      bearing on preventing the return to conflict.
          Afghanistan since 2001. Aligned with the
          Afghanistan National Development Strategy, the     Finland therefore focuses on two Afghanistan
          over-arching goal of Finland's engagement in       National Development Strategy sectors:
          Afghanistan is to contribute consistently and
          effectively to Afghan reconstruction with a view           (1) Governance, rule of law and human
          to preventing Afghanistan from slipping back to            rights, with an emphasis on sub-national
          conflict. Rule of law, governance and counter-             governance and police;
          narcotics remain sectors with the most direct              (2) Rural development and agriculture,
                                                                     placing special focus on alternative
                                                                     livelihoods to poppy farming.

                     Finland's current annual                Finland is particularly encouraged by both the
              development aid to Afghanistan is at           concrete development results derived from the
                the level of approximately EUR 10            NSP and microcredit schemes under the
              million (USD 14.87 million). It projects       Microfinance Investment Facility for Afghanistan;
                    to increase its contribution             both these programmes have received Finnish
              incrementally by EUR 1-2 million per           development assistance.
               annum during 2010-2013, aiming at
                 an overall aid volume of EUR 16
               million (USD 23.79 million) by 2013.               Contact:
              The total pledges to date (2002-2012)               Embassy of Finland
                 amount to EUR 120 million (USD                   House 39, Lane 1, Street 10, Wazir Akbar Khan
FINLAND       178.49 million) and disbursements to                Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                  Tel: +93 (0) 202 103 051
                date (2001-2009), first year mainly
                 humanitarian aid result in a total
              EUR 90 million (USD 133.87 million) .

                                                             EU Blue Book 2009
                                                                                                            II. EU Donor Profiles

Sweden provided support to Afghanistan                 perspectives will be mainstreamed in all
through the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan          programmes. Within the support to democratic
as early as 1982. It started with initiatives in the   governance and human rights, support to people
field of health and was followed a few years later     with disabilities and work towards ensuring
by education and agriculture. After the fall of the    sexual and reproductive health and rights will be
Taliban the long term development efforts              specifically included. In addition, support to
gradually took over from the humanitarian              mine clearance will continue.
support initially provided, although currently the
share of humanitarian support is increasing            The Swedish support strives to have a national
again. The Swedish development support has             impact and most funds are channelled to national
increased each year since 2001 and in 2008                                             ,
                                                       programmes, either through ARTF UN agencies
Afghanistan became the third largest recipient of      or NGO's. Approximately 25% of the total
Swedish development and humanitarian support           contribution for development goes to the four
combined.                                              Northern Provinces of Samangan, Sar-e-Pul,
                                                       Jowzjan and Balkh, where the Swedish led PRT
Sweden's development assistance to                     is based.
Afghanistan is governed by a multi-annual
strategy and the present Cooperation Strategy,
valid from July 2009 to the end of 2013, is fully
aligned with the priorities set out by the
Afghanistan National Development Strategy. The
priority sectors in the strategy are i) democratic      Contact:
                                                        Embassy of Sweden
governance and human rights, ii) education, and
                                                        Ms. Sara Gustafsson
iii) private sector development including                                                                  SWEDEN
                                                        Country Manager for Development
infrastructure. Gender equality and conflict            House 70, Lane 1, St. 15, Wazir Akbar Khan
                                                        Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                        Tel +93 (0) 798 44 4002, +93 (0) 700 16 69 44

    The total disbursement of Swedish
       development cooperation with
      Afghanistan between 2002 2008
    reached as high as EUR 222 million
    (SEK 2.5 billion). This includes both
       development cooperation and
     humanitarian assistance. In 2008
      approximately EUR 40.35 million
      (SEK 454 million) was disbursed
    whereof EUR 34.57 million (SEK 354
    million) in development cooperation,
    EUR 1.95 million (SEK 20 million) in
     special support through Swedish
    NGOs, and EUR 7.8 million (SEK 80
    million) in humanitarian assistance.
                                                                           Photo: Courtesy Mats Lignell

                                                       EU Blue Book 2009
                 UNITED KINGDOM

                 The UK is committed to helping the Afghan          At a national level, the UK aims to make the
                 people build a stable and more prosperous          Afghan Government more effective by helping it
                 future. Since 2001, the UK has spent almost        to raise revenue, tackle corruption and create
                 £885 million on humanitarian, reconstruction and   and implement budgets. It also helps improve
                 development assistance to Afghanistan.             the efficiency of state institutions and makes
                                                                    them more accountable and responsive to
                 The UK is Afghanistan's second largest bilateral   Afghan citizens. The UK works with Government
                 donor and in 2006 the British Prime Minster and    to create employment opportunities for men and
                 Afghan President signed a 10-year Development      women, particularly in the agriculture sector and
                 Partnership Arrangement showing the UK's           with Afghan business leaders to help develop the
                 long-term commitment to Afghanistan.         Its   private sector. It is focused on aid effectiveness
                 programme is a national one but also provides      and is committed to working with the
                 direct support to Helmand Province where UK        international community to ensure that aid has
                 armed forces are working with Afghans to           the maximum impact. It also recognises that
                 provide security. The UK is committed to           Afghanistan will remain vulnerable to natural and
                 providing long-term and predictable assistance     man-made crises so it works with humanitarian
                 to Afghanistan in support of Afghanistan's         organisations and the Government to bring
                 National Development Strategy. At least half of    immediate support to those affected. The UK is
                 its annual budget will be spent through Afghan     also the G8 Partner nation on Counter-Narcotics
                 Government systems in order to maximise            and supports the Afghan Government's efforts to
                 impact and build Afghanistan's capacity to         deliver justice and provide licit livelihoods. In
                 manage its own affairs. The UK also provides       Helmand, the UK works in partnership with the
                 additional support for stabilisation activities,   Afghan government to bring security,
UNITED KINGDOM   counter-narcotics and rule of law.                 governance and development to the people who
                                                                    live there.

                                                                           The United Kingdom's support to
                                                                          Afghanistan between 2001-02 and
                                                                          2008-09 totalled around EUR 992.9
                                                                                million (£885 million).

                                                                     British Embassy
                                                                     15th Street Roundabout
                                                                     Wazir Akbar Khan
                                                                     PO Box 334
                                                                     Kabul, Afghanistan
                                                                     Tel: +93 (0) 799401322

                                                                    EU Blue Book 2009

ANA      Afghan National Army
ANATF    Afghan National Army Trust Fund
ANDS     Afghanistan National Development Strategy
ANP      Afghan National Police
ARTF     Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund
ASOP     Afghan Social Outreach Program
CIMIC    Civil-Military Co-operation
CNTF     Counter Narcotics Trust Fund
DFID     UK Department for International Development
DIAG     Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups
EC       European Commission
ECHO     European Commission's Humanitarian Office
EIDHR    European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights
EU       European Union
EUPOL    EU Police Mission to Afghanistan
EUSR     European Union Special Representative
FAO      Food and Agriculture Organization
ICRC     International Committee of the Red Cross
IOM      International Organisation for Migration
ISAF     International Security Assistance Force
LOTFA    Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan
NSP      National Solidarity Programme
OECD     Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PRT      Provincial Reconstruction Team
UNDP     United Nations Development Programme
UNESCO   United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNFPA    United Nations Population Fund
UNHCR    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNODC    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
WFP      World Food Programme
WHO      World Health Organization

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