How To Get Kids Fed In This Busy Lifestyle World  Eating can be a pleasurable experience although parents and caregivers with toddlers and preschoolers may sometimes wonder  by howardtheduck


									    How To Get Kids Fed
 In This Busy Lifestyle World
 Eating can be a pleasurable
  experience, although
  parents and caregivers
  with toddlers and
  preschoolers may
  sometimes wonder
 Busy lifestyles can make
  ensuring the quality of
  children’s diets very
Parents and Caregivers
can play a major role in
teaching children how to
develop healthful eating
habits to last a lifetime.
  Healthy eating patterns in childhood promote:

 Optimal childhood health,     May prevent long-
  growth, and intellectual       term health problems,
  development                    such as coronary heart
 Prevent immediate health       disease, cancer and
  problems, such as iron         stroke.
  deficiency anemia,
  obesity, eating disorders,
  and dental caries; and
 An educational
  tool to be used
  by parents and
  caregivers with
  their children
 The graphic is
 It is all about
  food choices
     Why did USDA develop a
     Pyramid for young children?
 To help improve the diets of young children 2 to 6
  years old
 Young children have unique food patterns and needs
 Too many young children are not eating healthful diets
 Early food experiences are crucial to food preferences
  and patterns throughout life
How is the Food Guide Pyramid for Young
Children different from the original Food
Guide Pyramid?

 Graphics and messages        More appealing to
  easier to understand by       young children
  young children               Realistic food items,
 Shorter food group names      in single serving
 Single numbers rather         portions
  than a ranges for numbers    Tip of pyramid with
  of servings                   drawings of food
    Is USDA changing its advice
    about what kids should eat?
 No, the new illustration    The recommendations
  and materials were           in the Food Guide
  designed to be more          Pyramid for Young
  appealing and appropriate    Children were based
  for your children, but the   on the original
  nutritional advice has not   Pyramid
   What are the main nutrition messages
   illustrated by the new graphic?
 Eat a variety of foods --eating    While focusing on the
  foods from each of the major        importance of variety, the
  Pyramid food groups                 Children’s Pyramid de-
  everyday is the best way for        emphasizes fat restriction.
  children to grow well and be       Illustrations of active
  healthy                             children show the
 Children will benefit from          importance of physical
  getting more variety within         activity
  certain food groups, i.e.,
  choosing more whole grains
  and dark green vegetables
How do children’s actual diets compare
to the recommendations made in the
Food Guide Pyramid for Young
     Young children are not eating the
     recommended numbers of servings
     from most of the five major food
 What foods in the graphic are there because
 children eat them often, and what foods are
 there because children need to eat more of
 Most of the foods are          Some cooked vegetables, such
  commonly eaten by young         as green beans, are eaten more
  children                        often than salad greens
 Fruit juices are more popular  Breads, ready-to-eat cereals,
  than whole fruits               pasta, and tortillas are
 Potatoes and tomatoes are       common choices
  the most frequently eaten      Some vegetables not
  vegetables                      frequently eaten were
                                  included to encourage
                                  children to eat them more
What impact will the Year 2000
Dietary Guidelines have on the
the Children’s Pyramid?
 The food groupings and recommended
  number of servings in each group are
  based on meeting nutrient requirements
  (RDAs) using food patterns commonly
  consumed by young children
 These factors will not be changed by
  revisions in the Dietary Guidelines.
      How you can encourage
      healthy food choices?
               Be Patient
 Young children may not be interested in trying new
 Offer a new food more than once.
 Show your child how the rest of the family enjoys it
 The food may be when it becomes more familiar to
  your child
            Be A Planner
 Offer foods from three or more of the five major
  food groups for breakfast and lunch
 Offer foods from four or more of the five major
  food groups for the main meal
 Plan snacks so they are not served too close to
  mealtime, and offer foods from two or more of the
  five major food groups
      Be a Good Role Model
 Eat meals with your       Both you and your
  children whenever          children can be healthier
  possible                   by eating more dark
 Try new foods and new      green leafy vegetable,
  ways of preparing them     deep yellow vegetables,
  with your children         fruits, and whole grain
 Walk, run, and play        products
  with your children.
           Be Adventurous
 At the store ask your young child to choose a new
  vegetable or fruit, from two or three choices.
 For a weekly “family try-a-new-food” night
 At home let your child help you wash and prepare
  the food
               Be Creative
 Encourage your child to invent a new snack or
  sandwich from three or four healthful ingredients
  you provide
 Try a new bread or whole grain cracker
 Talk about what food groups the new snack
  includes and why it tastes good
 Is the snack smooth, crunchy, sweet, juicy, chewy,
  or colorful
         Child - Size Servings
 Children 2 to 3 years of age need the same variety of
  foods as 4 to 6 year olds but may need fewer calories --
  offer them smaller amounts
 A good estimate of a serving for a 2 to 3 year old child
  is about 2/3 of what counts as a regular Food Guide
  Pyramid serving
 Two to 6 year old children need a total of 2 servings
  from the milk group each day
 Offer small portion and allow children to ask for more
         Child - Size Servings
 By the time children are 4 years old, they can eat
  amounts that count as regular Food Guide Pyramid
  servings eaten by older family member (1/2 cup of
  fruit or vegetable, 3/4 cup of juice, l slice of bread,
  2 to 3 ounces of cooked lean meat, poultry, or fish)
 Remember, variety is the key for the whole family

 Young children’s appetites can vary widely from
  day to day, depending on how they are growing
  and how active they are
 As long as children have plenty of energy, are
  healthy, are growing well, and are eating a variety
  of foods, they are probably getting enough of the
  nutrients they need from the food they eat
                    Fat tips
 After the age of two years, gradually change
  from whole milk to lower fat dairy products so
  that by age five you will be offering fat-free milk
 Offer lean meats or lower-fat luncheon meat
  instead of higher fat ones

         The lower fat items should be used
              by the whole family
          Kids in the Kitchen
 Children enjoy helping in the kitchen and often are
  more willing to eat foods they help prepare
 When children help with food preparation -- don’t
  forget cleanliness
             wash hands using soap
             and warm running water
 Expect a few spills
 Each child has his or her own pace for learning, so
  give it time and the skills will come
    Meal Preparation Activities
2 year- olds can:             3 year-olds can:
   Wipe table tops           Wrap potatoes in foil
   Scrub vegetables           for baking
   Tear lettuce or greens    Knead and shape yeast
   Break cauliflower
                              Pour liquids
   Snap green beans
                              Mix ingredients
   Wash salad greens
                              Shake liquids in
   Play with utensils
                               covered container
   Bring ingredients from
                              Spread soft spreads
    one place to another
                              Place things in trash
   Meal Preparation Activities

4-year-olds can:              5- to 6- year olds can:
 Peel oranges or hard         Measure ingredients
  cooked eggs                  Cut with blunt knife
 Move hands to form round     Use an egg beater
 Mash bananas using fork
 Cut parsley or green
  onions with dull scissors
 Set table
          Snack Ideas
 Using the Food Guide Pyramid
The Grain Group          The Vegetable Group
 Ready-to-eat cereals    Cherry tomatoes cut in
 Mini rice cakes or       small pieces
  popcorn cakes           Steam broccoli, green
 Ginger snaps or fig      beans, or sugar peas
  bars                     with lowfat dip
 Crackers spread with    Vegetable sticks such
  cheese spread            as green pepper,
                           cucumber or squash
           Snack Ideas
  Using the Food Guide Pyramid
The Fruit Group            The Milk Group
 Apple ring sandwiches     Milk shakes -made
 Tangerine sections         with fruit and milk
 Chunks of banana          Cheese slices with thin
 Canned fruits packed       apple wedges
  in juice                  String cheese or
 Juice box (100% juice)     individually wrapped
                            Mini yogurt cups
           Snack Ideas
  Using the Food Guide Pyramid
  Meat Group
 Hard cooked eggs
  (wedge or slices)
 Peanut butter spread
  thin on crackers
 Bean dip spread thin
  on crackers
    What is the most popular
 vegetable among American kids?

     French fries and potato chips

 Ages 13- 18 = over 31% of total vegetables
 Ages 7-12 = almost 30% of total vegetables
 Below age of 6 = over 27% of total vegetables
   How many children consume
        enough fiber?
 Ages 4-6 = about 45%
 Ages 7-10 = about 32%

The food preferences children
establish in childhood carry over
to adulthood. In adults, eating
more dietary fiber is associated
with lower risks of obesity, heart
attach, stroke, colon cancer and
  Food is Fun
 Teach children that learning
  about food is fun
 Teach children that eating
  from the Food Guide
  Pyramid and being physically
  active will help them grow
  healthy and strong
   How To Get Kids Fed
In This Busy Lifestyle World
     October 1999 Presentation
     by Darlene Martin, Ph.D., R.D
     UNL-Northeast Research
     and Extension Center
     601 East Benjamin Avenue, Suite 104
     Norfolk, NE 68701-0812
     Phone 402-370-4005
     Fax 402.370.4010

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