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E10 FACT SHEET Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                   E10 FACT SHEET
Q: What is Ethanol?                              Q: Does the use of ethanol create engine         Q: Will ethanol burn my engine valves?          Q: How does Ethanol production from
                                                 corrosion over time?                                                                             sugar cane compare to production from
A: Ethanol is an alcohol which may be                                                             A: Ethanol will not burn engine valves.         corn?
produced from biomass such as sugar cane,        A: The potential for corrosion due to ethanol    Ethanol actually burns cooler than gasoline.
wheat or other grains, thus this ethanol is      has, in the past, been due to improper use       Many high-powered racing engines use pure       A: Production of ethanol from sugar cane is
renewable.                                       by retailers of lower quality ethanol at         alcohol for that reason.                        four times more energy efficient than ethanol
                                                 inappropriate blend ratios without corrosion                                                     produced from corn.
Q: What does Jamaica use to produce              protection. In Jamaica, anti-corrosion agent     Q: Will ethanol hurt my older engine
ethanol?                                         will be added to the ethanol before blending     designed for leaded gas (Classic Car)?          Q) What are the plans for E25 and E85?
                                                 with gasoline.
A: Jamaica uses the by-product molasses                                                           A: No. The concern about older engines          A: The Ministry of Energy has this matter
from the sugarcane to produce ethanol for the    Q: How does Ethanol work in my engine?           came about because of the lead phase-out.       under consideration.
spirits industry but fuel ethanol is usually                                                      Lead oxides that were formed during
produced directly from the pressed cane juice.   A: Ethanol has a high octane (Research and       combustion provided a cushion that reduced
                                                 Motor Octanes) and as such ethanol based         wear on non-case-hardened "popet" style
Q: What is E10?                                  fuels have a natural tendency to resist          valve seats.
                                                 compressive pre-combustion in engine             In general, 1980 and later models years
A: E10 is gasoline blended with 10% ethanol.     combustion chambers. Its incorporation into      should not experience problems with E10.
Ethanol contains oxygen which raises the         fuel, in controlled quantities, will have the    Fuel systems in the 1975 to 1980 model
octane level of gasoline to prevent engine       effect of lifting octane and allowing exposure   years were upgraded, but not to the same
knocking.                                        to greater heat and compression in engines       extent as later models. Pre-1975 models
                                                 without 'pinging' (pre-combustion).              may have fuel components that are sensitive
Q: What are some of the benefits of using                                                         to high aromatic gasolines, alcohols and
ethanol in a motor vehicle?                      Q: Will the use of ethanol void my car's         ethers. Specific documentation on the effect
                                                 warranty?                                        fuel components have on older fuel system
A:       Ethanol can help maximize the                                                            parts is often lacking. However, if these
performance and acceleration potential of        A:    All   manufacturers (through  the          systems have handled the aggressive
many modern cars when used. It is allows         Automobile Dealers Association) approve          gasoline components in unleaded gasoline
gasoline to burn cleaner thereby reducing        the use of E10.                                  which has been mandated in Jamaica since
tailpipe emissions, such as particulate matter                                                    2001, they should encounter no problems
from incomplete combustion. Though burning       Q: Will ethanol work in fuel injected            handling E10 (Petrojam).
ethanol produces carbon dioxide, the crops       engines?
that ethanol is produced from absorb carbon                                                       Q: Which other countries use E10?
dioxide so the greenhouse gas is recycled        A: Ethanol does not contribute to burning
therefore the process is Carbon neutral.         or fouling of port fuel injectors. Fuel          A: Many countries including the United
                                                 injectors are manufactured to very exact         States, Canada, Dominican Republic and
Q: Why the introduction of ethanol in            tolerances, so it takes a very small amount      Australia use E10.
gasoline (E10) for Jamaica?                      of deposits to affect the efficiency of an
                                                 injector. Since 1985, all ethanol blends and     Q: Can E10 be used in my lawn mower,
A: Ethanol is being introduced as a substitute   nearly all non-ethanol gasoline have             chainsaw or other small engines?
for MTBE in gasoline, since the cumulative       contained detergent additives that are
effect of the latter had been shown to be        designed to prevent injector deposits.           A: Small engine equipment can use E10
harmful to the environment.                      Ethanol itself acts as a detergent.              gasoline. It is advised to store the gasoline
                                                                                                  away from water.