E10 FACT SHEET
Q: What is Ethanol? Q: Does the use of ethanol create engine Q: Will ethanol burn my engine valves? Q: How does Ethanol production from
corrosion over time? sugar cane compare to production from
A: Ethanol is an alcohol which may be A: Ethanol will not burn engine valves. corn?
produced from biomass such as sugar cane, A: The potential for corrosion due to ethanol Ethanol actually burns cooler than gasoline.
wheat or other grains, thus this ethanol is has, in the past, been due to improper use Many high-powered racing engines use pure A: Production of ethanol from sugar cane is
renewable. by retailers of lower quality ethanol at alcohol for that reason. four times more energy efficient than ethanol
inappropriate blend ratios without corrosion produced from corn.
Q: What does Jamaica use to produce protection. In Jamaica, anti-corrosion agent Q: Will ethanol hurt my older engine
ethanol? will be added to the ethanol before blending designed for leaded gas (Classic Car)? Q) What are the plans for E25 and E85?
A: Jamaica uses the by-product molasses A: No. The concern about older engines A: The Ministry of Energy has this matter
from the sugarcane to produce ethanol for the Q: How does Ethanol work in my engine? came about because of the lead phase-out. under consideration.
spirits industry but fuel ethanol is usually Lead oxides that were formed during
produced directly from the pressed cane juice. A: Ethanol has a high octane (Research and combustion provided a cushion that reduced
Motor Octanes) and as such ethanol based wear on non-case-hardened "popet" style
Q: What is E10? fuels have a natural tendency to resist valve seats.
compressive pre-combustion in engine In general, 1980 and later models years
A: E10 is gasoline blended with 10% ethanol. combustion chambers. Its incorporation into should not experience problems with E10.
Ethanol contains oxygen which raises the fuel, in controlled quantities, will have the Fuel systems in the 1975 to 1980 model
octane level of gasoline to prevent engine effect of lifting octane and allowing exposure years were upgraded, but not to the same
knocking. to greater heat and compression in engines extent as later models. Pre-1975 models
without 'pinging' (pre-combustion). may have fuel components that are sensitive
Q: What are some of the benefits of using to high aromatic gasolines, alcohols and
ethanol in a motor vehicle? Q: Will the use of ethanol void my car's ethers. Specific documentation on the effect
warranty? fuel components have on older fuel system
A: Ethanol can help maximize the parts is often lacking. However, if these
performance and acceleration potential of A: All manufacturers (through the systems have handled the aggressive
many modern cars when used. It is allows Automobile Dealers Association) approve gasoline components in unleaded gasoline
gasoline to burn cleaner thereby reducing the use of E10. which has been mandated in Jamaica since
tailpipe emissions, such as particulate matter 2001, they should encounter no problems
from incomplete combustion. Though burning Q: Will ethanol work in fuel injected handling E10 (Petrojam).
ethanol produces carbon dioxide, the crops engines?
that ethanol is produced from absorb carbon Q: Which other countries use E10?
dioxide so the greenhouse gas is recycled A: Ethanol does not contribute to burning
therefore the process is Carbon neutral. or fouling of port fuel injectors. Fuel A: Many countries including the United
injectors are manufactured to very exact States, Canada, Dominican Republic and
Q: Why the introduction of ethanol in tolerances, so it takes a very small amount Australia use E10.
gasoline (E10) for Jamaica? of deposits to affect the efficiency of an
injector. Since 1985, all ethanol blends and Q: Can E10 be used in my lawn mower,
A: Ethanol is being introduced as a substitute nearly all non-ethanol gasoline have chainsaw or other small engines?
for MTBE in gasoline, since the cumulative contained detergent additives that are
effect of the latter had been shown to be designed to prevent injector deposits. A: Small engine equipment can use E10
harmful to the environment. Ethanol itself acts as a detergent. gasoline. It is advised to store the gasoline
away from water.