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					                                                                                                             General Use Information for All Personal          doctor, take the product container with you.                                                            Based on animal studies, citronella-based
                                                                                  Health   Santé                                                                                                                    ä Soybean oil: Registered products
                                                                                  Canada   Canada
                                                                                                                                                               ä If you are concerned that you are sensitive to     containing soybean oil provide between one to      products appear to be potential skin sensitizers.
                                                                                                                        Insect Repellents                      a product, apply the product to a small area of      3.5 hours of protection against mosquitoes,        Therefore, allergic reactions may occur in some
                                                                                                                                                               skin on your arm and wait 24 hours to see if a       depending on the product. Products containing      individuals.
Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note

                                                                                                            ä Always read the entire label carefully before    reaction occurs.                                     soybean oil were recently registered and thus
                                                                                                            using. Follow all of the label directions,                                                              meet all the modern safety standards.              Certain products containing citronella have a

                                                                                                            including restrictions for use on young children                Choosing A Product                      ä Citronella and lavender: The re-evaluation       limit on the number of applications allowed per
                                                                                                            and the maximum number of applications                                                                  of citronella-based insect repellents was          day. Read the product label before using.
                                                                                                            allowed per day.                                   ä Choose a product that meets your needs.            completed in 2004. This re-evaluation was
                                                                                                            ä Apply the repellent sparingly, and only on       For example, if you plan to be outdoors for a        based on a limited amount of human health data     ä DEET: Using the latest health protection
                                                                                                            exposed skin surfaces or on top of clothing. Do                                                                                                            standards, DEET was re-evaluated in 2001 to

                                                                                  Tips on
                                                                                                                                                               short period of time, choose a product with a        that left a high degree of uncertainty about its
                                                                                                            not use under clothing. Heavy application and      lower concentration of repellent and repeat          safety. This uncertainty was incorporated into     ensure continued acceptable use and extra
                                                                                                            saturation are unnecessary for effectiveness.      application only if you need a longer protection     the human health risk assessments and              protection for children. DEET-based repellents
                                                                                                            Repeat applications only as necessary.             time.                                                subsequently the PMRA was unable to                at various concentrations offer different
                                                                                                            ä Do not get in eyes. If you do get repellent in   ä Use only personal insect repellents that are       conclude that insect repellents containing         protection times. Examples of protection times

                                                                                                            your eyes, rinse immediately with water.           registered in Canada. They have a registration       citronella were acceptable for continued use.      based on DEET concentration are as follows:
                                                                                                            ä Do not use the repellent on open wounds, or      number granted under the Pest Control
                                                                                                            if your skin is irritated or sunburned.                                                                                                                      Concentration          Protection time
                                                                                                                                                               Products Act and are labelled as insect              Because of the uncertainties identified in the
                                                                                                            ä Avoid breathing spray mists and never apply                                                                                                                  of DEET               (approximate)
                                                                                                                                                               repellents for use on humans. Never use a            re-evaluation, the PMRA is proposing to phase
                                                                                                            sprays inside a tent. Use only                     product labelled as an insecticide on your           out citronella-based insect repellents unless

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               30%                   6 hours
                                                                                                            in well-ventilated areas. Do                       body.                                                data to address the uncertainties in the human
                                                                                                            not use near food.                                                                                      health risk assessment are generated and                   15%                   5 hours
                                                                                                            ä Wash treated skin with                           There are five different active ingredients found    submitted by the manufacturers.
                                                                                                            soap and water when you                            in registered personal insect repellents in                                                                     10%                   3 hours

                                                                                                            return indoors or when                             Canada. The active ingredient, its                   The manufacturer of the insect repellent
                                                                                                            protection is no longer                            concentration, protection times and use              containing lavender oil has decided to                     5%                    2 hours
                                                                                                            needed.                                            instructions are all listed on each product label.   discontinue the product as a result of the re-
                                                                                                            ä Keep all insect repellent                        If using a product containing DEET, please           evaluation. As such, the lavender oil product is
                                                                                                            containers out of the reach of children.           consult the new use guidelines in the next           being phased out in Canada by March 31,               Updated Information on Using Insect

                                                                                                            ä Always supervise the application on children.    section of this Fact Sheet.                          2007.
                                                                                                            ä Avoid applying repellent to children’s hands     ä P-menthane 3,8-diol: A product containing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Repellents that Contain DEET
                                                                                                            to reduce the chance of getting the repellent in   this active ingredient was recently registered in    Registered products containing citronella
                                                                                                            their eyes and mouths.                             Canada and thus meets all the modern safety          protect people against mosquito bites from 30      The following safety tips are based on the
                                                                                                            ä If you suspect that you or your child are        standards. It provides up to two hours of            minutes to two hours. The registered lavender      PMRA’s re-evaluation of DEET. This re-
                                                                                                            reacting to an insect repellent, stop using the    protection against mosquitoes. This product          product repels mosquitoes for approximately        evaluation involved a comprehensive review of
                                                                                                            product immediately, wash treated skin and         cannot be used on children under three years of      30 minutes. These products cannot be used on       the scientific data supporting its registration
                                                                                                            seek medical attention. When you go to the         age. It can be applied two times per day.            infants and toddlers under two years of age.       using the latest health protection standards,

                                                                                           September 2004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       including special protection for children. The
new use guidelines for using DEET on children      assessment that considered daily application of       use any products you have that contain a
were developed in consultation with the            DEET over a prolonged period of time. Studies         greater than 30% concentration of DEET on
Canadian Paediatric Society.                       show that products with lower concentrations          adults or children 12 years of age or older,
                                                   of DEET are as effective as the high                  occasionally and according to label directions
For a complete explanation of the DEET re-         concentration products, but they remain so for        (i.e., apply sparingly and only as required).
evaluation process and its conclusions, please     shorter periods of time. Products containing no       These products should not be used for a
refer to Re-evaluation Decision Document           more than a 30% concentration of DEET will            prolonged period of time (e.g., daily use for
RRD2002-01 Personal insect repellents              provide adults with sufficient protection.            several weeks).
containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide
and related compounds).                            Re-apply after these protection times have            Using Insect Repellents and Sunscreens at
                                                   elapsed if necessary.
Children under 6 months of age                                                                                         the Same Time
ä DO NOT use personal insect repellents            Note: There is no indication that there is a hazard
containing DEET on infants.                        to the unborn or nursing child associated with the    People can use both sunscreen and insect
                                                   use of DEET by pregnant or lactating women.           repellents when they are outdoors to protect
                                                   However, there are non-chemical methods to            their health. Follow the instructions on the
Children aged 6 months to 2 years
                                                   reduce mosquito bites (e.g., protective clothing,     package for proper applications of each
ä In situations where a high risk
                                                   avoiding mosquito habitat and times of peak           product. Apply the sunscreen first, followed by
of complications from insect bites                 mosquito activity) which could be considered.
exist, the use of one application                                                                        the insect repellent.
per day of DEET may be
                                                      Use of Existing Products That Contain              Products Containing DEET and Sunscreens
considered for this age group.
ä The least concentrated product (10% DEET             DEET at Concentrations Above 30%
or less) should be used.                                                                                 Some personal insect repellent products contain
ä As with all insect repellents, the product       Since no immediate health concerns were               sunscreen compounds. These products were
should be applied sparingly and not be applied     identified during the re-evaluation of DEET,          phased out as of December 31, 2003, because
to the face and hands.                             retail sales of products that contain DEET at         of incompatible label instructions regarding
ä Prolonged use should be avoided.                 concentrations above 30% can continue until
                                                   December 31, 2004. This phase-
                                                                                                         methods of application of each component,
                                                                                                         i.e., insect repellents should be applied sparingly
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pest Management Regulatory Agency
Children between 2-12 years of age                 out will allow existing products to                   while sunscreens should be applied liberally and                                             2720 Riverside Drive
ä The least concentrated product (10% DEET         be used up, thereby preventing                        frequently.                                                                                  Ottawa ON K1A 0K9
or less) should be used.                           disposal problems. If you have
ä Do not apply more than three times per day.      any concerns regarding higher-                        If you still have sunscreen/DEET combination                                                 Pest Management Information Service
ä Prolonged use should be avoided.                 concentration DEET products                           products, they may be disposed of in your                                                    Telephone: 1-800-267-6315
                                                   (cream, liquid or pump spray) you                     regular household garbage.                                                                   From outside Canada: (613) 736-3799*
Adults and Individuals 12 Years of Age or Older:   have around the home, you can dispose of them
                                                                                                                                                                                                      *Long distance charges apply.
ä Products containing DEET at concentrations       with your regular household garbage. Consult
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Fax: (613) 736-3798
above 30% will no longer be acceptable for         municipal authorities concerning the disposal of
                                                   aerosol sprays. Otherwise, you may continue to
                                                                                                                                                               ISBN: 0-662-34034-5                    Internet:
registration, based on a human health risk                                                                                                                     Catalogue Number: H113-1/33-2003E-IN