General Use Information for All Personal doctor, take the product container with you. Based on animal studies, citronella-based
Health Santé ä Soybean oil: Registered products
ä If you are concerned that you are sensitive to containing soybean oil provide between one to products appear to be potential skin sensitizers.
Insect Repellents a product, apply the product to a small area of 3.5 hours of protection against mosquitoes, Therefore, allergic reactions may occur in some
skin on your arm and wait 24 hours to see if a depending on the product. Products containing individuals.
Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note Pest Note
ä Always read the entire label carefully before reaction occurs. soybean oil were recently registered and thus
using. Follow all of the label directions, meet all the modern safety standards. Certain products containing citronella have a
including restrictions for use on young children Choosing A Product ä Citronella and lavender: The re-evaluation limit on the number of applications allowed per
and the maximum number of applications of citronella-based insect repellents was day. Read the product label before using.
allowed per day. ä Choose a product that meets your needs. completed in 2004. This re-evaluation was
ä Apply the repellent sparingly, and only on For example, if you plan to be outdoors for a based on a limited amount of human health data ä DEET: Using the latest health protection
exposed skin surfaces or on top of clothing. Do standards, DEET was re-evaluated in 2001 to
short period of time, choose a product with a that left a high degree of uncertainty about its
not use under clothing. Heavy application and lower concentration of repellent and repeat safety. This uncertainty was incorporated into ensure continued acceptable use and extra
saturation are unnecessary for effectiveness. application only if you need a longer protection the human health risk assessments and protection for children. DEET-based repellents
Repeat applications only as necessary. time. subsequently the PMRA was unable to at various concentrations offer different
ä Do not get in eyes. If you do get repellent in ä Use only personal insect repellents that are conclude that insect repellents containing protection times. Examples of protection times
your eyes, rinse immediately with water. registered in Canada. They have a registration citronella were acceptable for continued use. based on DEET concentration are as follows:
ä Do not use the repellent on open wounds, or number granted under the Pest Control
if your skin is irritated or sunburned. Concentration Protection time
Products Act and are labelled as insect Because of the uncertainties identified in the
ä Avoid breathing spray mists and never apply of DEET (approximate)
repellents for use on humans. Never use a re-evaluation, the PMRA is proposing to phase
sprays inside a tent. Use only product labelled as an insecticide on your out citronella-based insect repellents unless
30% 6 hours
in well-ventilated areas. Do body. data to address the uncertainties in the human
not use near food. health risk assessment are generated and 15% 5 hours
ä Wash treated skin with There are five different active ingredients found submitted by the manufacturers.
soap and water when you in registered personal insect repellents in 10% 3 hours
return indoors or when Canada. The active ingredient, its The manufacturer of the insect repellent
protection is no longer concentration, protection times and use containing lavender oil has decided to 5% 2 hours
needed. instructions are all listed on each product label. discontinue the product as a result of the re-
ä Keep all insect repellent If using a product containing DEET, please evaluation. As such, the lavender oil product is
containers out of the reach of children. consult the new use guidelines in the next being phased out in Canada by March 31, Updated Information on Using Insect
ä Always supervise the application on children. section of this Fact Sheet. 2007.
ä Avoid applying repellent to children’s hands ä P-menthane 3,8-diol: A product containing
Repellents that Contain DEET
to reduce the chance of getting the repellent in this active ingredient was recently registered in Registered products containing citronella
their eyes and mouths. Canada and thus meets all the modern safety protect people against mosquito bites from 30 The following safety tips are based on the
ä If you suspect that you or your child are standards. It provides up to two hours of minutes to two hours. The registered lavender PMRA’s re-evaluation of DEET. This re-
reacting to an insect repellent, stop using the protection against mosquitoes. This product product repels mosquitoes for approximately evaluation involved a comprehensive review of
product immediately, wash treated skin and cannot be used on children under three years of 30 minutes. These products cannot be used on the scientific data supporting its registration
seek medical attention. When you go to the age. It can be applied two times per day. infants and toddlers under two years of age. using the latest health protection standards,
including special protection for children. The
new use guidelines for using DEET on children assessment that considered daily application of use any products you have that contain a
were developed in consultation with the DEET over a prolonged period of time. Studies greater than 30% concentration of DEET on
Canadian Paediatric Society. show that products with lower concentrations adults or children 12 years of age or older,
of DEET are as effective as the high occasionally and according to label directions
For a complete explanation of the DEET re- concentration products, but they remain so for (i.e., apply sparingly and only as required).
evaluation process and its conclusions, please shorter periods of time. Products containing no These products should not be used for a
refer to Re-evaluation Decision Document more than a 30% concentration of DEET will prolonged period of time (e.g., daily use for
RRD2002-01 Personal insect repellents provide adults with sufficient protection. several weeks).
containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide
and related compounds). Re-apply after these protection times have Using Insect Repellents and Sunscreens at
elapsed if necessary.
Children under 6 months of age the Same Time
ä DO NOT use personal insect repellents Note: There is no indication that there is a hazard
containing DEET on infants. to the unborn or nursing child associated with the People can use both sunscreen and insect
use of DEET by pregnant or lactating women. repellents when they are outdoors to protect
However, there are non-chemical methods to their health. Follow the instructions on the
Children aged 6 months to 2 years
reduce mosquito bites (e.g., protective clothing, package for proper applications of each
ä In situations where a high risk
avoiding mosquito habitat and times of peak product. Apply the sunscreen first, followed by
of complications from insect bites mosquito activity) which could be considered.
exist, the use of one application the insect repellent.
per day of DEET may be
Use of Existing Products That Contain Products Containing DEET and Sunscreens
considered for this age group.
ä The least concentrated product (10% DEET DEET at Concentrations Above 30%
or less) should be used. Some personal insect repellent products contain
ä As with all insect repellents, the product Since no immediate health concerns were sunscreen compounds. These products were
should be applied sparingly and not be applied identified during the re-evaluation of DEET, phased out as of December 31, 2003, because
to the face and hands. retail sales of products that contain DEET at of incompatible label instructions regarding
ä Prolonged use should be avoided. concentrations above 30% can continue until
December 31, 2004. This phase-
methods of application of each component,
i.e., insect repellents should be applied sparingly
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
Children between 2-12 years of age out will allow existing products to while sunscreens should be applied liberally and 2720 Riverside Drive
ä The least concentrated product (10% DEET be used up, thereby preventing frequently. Ottawa ON K1A 0K9
or less) should be used. disposal problems. If you have
ä Do not apply more than three times per day. any concerns regarding higher- If you still have sunscreen/DEET combination Pest Management Information Service
ä Prolonged use should be avoided. concentration DEET products products, they may be disposed of in your Telephone: 1-800-267-6315
(cream, liquid or pump spray) you regular household garbage. From outside Canada: (613) 736-3799*
Adults and Individuals 12 Years of Age or Older: have around the home, you can dispose of them
*Long distance charges apply.
ä Products containing DEET at concentrations with your regular household garbage. Consult
Fax: (613) 736-3798
above 30% will no longer be acceptable for municipal authorities concerning the disposal of
aerosol sprays. Otherwise, you may continue to
ISBN: 0-662-34034-5 Internet: www.pmra-arla.gc.ca
registration, based on a human health risk Catalogue Number: H113-1/33-2003E-IN