LIBR247 Megan Berru Seth Daugherty Lisa Polfer Assignment 1 SCOPE The objective of our thesaurus is to include all articles related to sports including but not limited to techniques, experiences and all other articles warranting information on a specific sport. Our audience is casual researchers looking for articles related to sports. The thesaurus is expandable to any audience interested in articles related to sports; for example, though we didn‟t have any sports articles on football, it would easily fit into our bush thesaurus under “Competitive sports,” as our allowable hierarchical relationships include Genus/Species. We did not allow polyhierarchies. PROCESS Our first step in working on this project was to divide the articles equally among each of us. We then read them separately and wrote out a “gross” list of terms by which we might index them. We tried to include as many as came into our heads, so that we could pare them down at a later point. Then, we sent each other our lists and had a “master list” of terms to work with (which did include “synonyms” such as both “gear” and “equipment.” Our first thesaurus attempt was too aggressive and included broad terms that we listed in all the different sports. In our first attempt we had bushes like this: (BT)Baseball Amateur Associations Major events Persons Regulations Teams Equipment Professional Associations Major Events Persons Regulations Teams School Associations Major Events Persons Regulations Teams Techniques Each bush would have all of the terms listed above and we then fit our terms indexed from the articles into this format. It proved to be incorrect, and the hierarchy did not use the genus/species that is required in a hierarchical relationship. In other words, we had a lot of related terms that we were listing in the hierarchy as narrower terms.
We then decided to start again from scratch. Our second attempt felt much more useful, and we took the time to make sure we had a genus/species relationship. For instance, we asked ourselves if the hierarchy fit, for example. Equipment Bicycle Equipment In this case, some equipment is bicycle equipment, and all bicycle equipment is equipment of some kind. So the relationship is a “true” relationship of a broader term to a narrower term. DISCUSSION Through our e-mail discussions, the following questions and problems came up: Diving? Diving was tricky, because we were not sure if we should have one bush for Diving or to organize it in three separate bushes of scuba diving, skin diving and freestyle diving. In the end we decided to make one bush and to call it Scuba Diving and then Scuba Diving Hazards, and because we changed the hierarchy, we were able to add the other terms to different bushes. For instance, Techniques could not include buoyancy control which is a skill or technique needed to control movement while scuba diving. Is it a technique, or a skill or both? When, for example we came across the string Golf Swing, we discussed whether Golf Swing is a technique or a skill. The issue had to do with whether or not “turning of the head” was a technique and “golf swing” was simply a skill and not a technique. We decided that the difference was so slight, that technique seemed appropriate. Also we found a dictionary definition that defined a golf swing as a technique. Is location necessary and how about people? We were not sure if proper names of locations should be included in our hierarchy. We looked in NISO and saw that proper names can be handled in 3 ways, one of which was to not be indexed (p.23). We looked in ERIC and saw that proper names for places and people are not included as descriptors, they are found as keywords. So we decided not to include proper names in our thesaurus. MAJOR CHANGES As described above, we redid our entire hierarchy after receiving feedback. During our consultation it was pointed out to us to us that our NT‟s were really RT‟s and we had included too many general terms. Reading Lancaster helped us sort this out – even though it‟s tempting to put “bicycle wheel” under “bicycle,” that‟s a whole/partitive relationship and not a genus/species one, as it‟s an untrue statement to say all bicycle wheels are bicycles. We went back to our original „gross‟ term list and organized those and did not look at the future expansion of the thesaurus. COMPROMISE As mentioned before, we had trouble with deciding between technique and skill. After our thesaurus revision, we were extra-sensitive to mis-filing a term where it didn‟t belong. At the same time, the instinct of some of the group members was to try and almost eliminate hierarchy, while one of the group members brought back the suggestion of main hierarchical headings. After reviewing it, we decided that this was in fact a good compromise between the broad headings of sports that we had before, and between “total anarchy” of having lots of “orphans” in our list.
WHAT WE ENJOYED It was very exciting to find out what a narrower term actually was in terms of how it related to the broader term. After that was understood, a light went off in all of our heads neat, and we gained a better understanding of the genus/species relationship as it occurs in all hierarchies. We enjoyed getting a look behind the scenes of the indexes we use al the time. Now we have a much stronger appreciation of the indexers that make the databases useable. We will be more sophisticated users of indexes now that we have a better understanding of the internal logic of the indexes. WHAT WE LEAST ENJOYED It was really when we had to organize the hierarchy that we realized there were many different options and issues we would have to deal with. It was a question of how to fit the terms altogether and make the hierarchy work in a genus/species relationship. Our first understanding of the hierarchy was too involved with the future of the thesaurus, and not enough about the terms that we chose to index from our articles. It was only after we focused heavily on the genus/species relationship that we saw the larger picture and gained the ability to put the thesaurus together with confidence we were lacking when first starting the project. Dealing through email was a challenge.
Sports Thesaurus Hierarchical display BOATS Sailboats CARS COMPETETIVE SPORTS Golf Horse Racing EQUIPMENT Bicycle equipment Boating equipment Night vision equipment Electronic scopes Night goggles Scuba diving equipment Wetsuits Gas tanks Skiing equipment Bindings Boots Goggles Skis Fall-line skis Slalom skis HORSES Anglo Arabian horses
HORSE RACING Barrel racing Endurance racing HORSE MEDICINE PHOTOGRAPHY Documentary photography Underwater photography PHOTOGRAPHS Snow boarding pictures PREPARATION Scuba diving preparation Gas management Weighting Formulas REAL ESTATE Vacation homes RECREATIONAL SPORTS Boating Golf Horseback riding Scuba diving Skiing Snowboarding SAILING Night sailing Sailboat Racing SAILING REGULATIONS International flag regulations SCUBA DIVING Wreck diving Recreational diving SCUBA DIVING HAZARDS Entanglement Narcosis Silting TECHNIQUES Boating Techniques Anchoring Body building techniques Stance
Square alignment Vertical alignment Golf techniques Body alignment Golf Swing Scuba diving techniques Progressive penetration Reel navigation Buoyancy Control Skiing techniques Body awareness These need some kind of qualifier or scope note; when you take Stance them out of the hierarchy it‟ no longer completely clear what Speed they mean and what they apply to. (Speed, for instance could Turning easily belong to horse racing rather than skiing.) Snowboarding techniques Body alignment Balance TRAINING Bodybuilding Training Horse Race Training Circling This needs a qualifier for clarity. UNDERWATER SHIPWRECKS 16th &17th century shipwrecks Steel vessel shipwrecks
Alphabetical Listing 16th &17th century shipwrecks (NT)
Alignment – Use Vertical alignment
Anchoring (NT) Anglo Arabian horses (NT)
The USE/UF terms have to be reciprocal, like all the other relationships. So in the V‟s you need Vertical alignment UF Alignment BT Body building techniques
Automobiles – Use Cars
Balance (NT) Barrel racing (NT) Bindings (NT) Boating (NT) Boating equipment (NT) Boating Techniques (NT) Boats (BT) Body alignment (NT) Body awareness (NT) Body building techniques (NT) Bodybuilding training (NT) Boots (NT)
Buoyancy control (NT) Bicycle equipment (NT) Cars (BT) Circling (NT) Competitive sports (BT)
Courtesy flag – Use International flag regulations
Decompression Use hazards – narcosis This is a precoordinate term; you can‟t have subdivisions in a postcoordinate vocabulary.
The alphabetical display is organized incorrectly. For each term you need to show what its BTs, NTs, and RTs are. Also, if there are scope notes they would be in this display. It should look like the ERIC thesaurus does, in effect – showing that information for each term. Example: Circling (horse races) BT Horse race training Competitive sports NT Golf NT Horse racing Golf BT Competitive sports Horse race training BT Training NT Circling (horse races) RT Horse racing Horse racing BT Competitive sports RT Horse race training Training NT Body building training NT Horse race training
Diving – Use Recreational diving, Scuba diving, Wreck diving
Documentary photography (NT) Electronic scopes (NT) Endurance racing (NT) Entanglement (NT) Equipment (BT) Fall-line skis (NT) Gas management (NT) Gas tanks (NT)
Gear – Use Equipment
Goggles (NT) Golf (NT) Golf Swing (NT) Golf techniques (NT) You show that this is an NT, but not the term that it‟s an NT for, and you also need to show that it‟s a BT for 2 terms itself. Horse medicine Horse Race Training (NT) Horse racing (BT) Horse racing (NT) Horseback riding (NT) Horses (BT)
Images – Use Photographs, Photography
International flag regulations (NT) Narcosis (NT) Night goggles (NT) Night sailing (NT) Night vision equipment (NT) Photographs (BT) Photography (BT) Preparation (BT)
For each term in the alphabetical list, you have to show its BT (if any), its NTs (if any), and its RTs (if any). Also if it‟s an authorized term with a reference from an unauthorized term, then you need to show the UF. Go back to the Course Documents on Bbd and in week 2, look at the handout titled “4 thesaurus displays” and look at the alphabetical display shown there. That‟s what this should look like. There‟s also another handout with an alphabetical display.
Progressive penetration (NT)
Racing – Use Endurance racing, Horse racing, Sailboat racing
Real estate (BT) Recreational diving (NT) UF Diving Recreational sports (BT) Reel navigation (NT)
Sailing Techniques – Use Boating Techniques – Techniques Do you mean to use a comma
here, as you did with Racing? Sailboat Racing (NT) Sailboats (NT) Sailing (BT) Sailing regulations (BT) Scuba diving (BT) Scuba diving (NT) Scuba diving equipment (NT) Scuba diving hazards (BT) Scuba diving preparation (NT) Scuba diving techniques (NT)
Shipwrecks – Use 16th &17th century shipwrecks Why this rather than Underwater Shipwrecks (or Steel vessel shipwrecks)?
Silting (NT) Skis (NT) Slalom skis (NT) Skiing (NT) Skiing equipment (NT) Skiing techniques (NT) Skills – Use Techniques Snowboarding (NT) Snow boarding pictures (NT) Snowboarding techniques (NT) Speed (NT) Square alignment (NT) Stance (NT) Steel vessel shipwrecks (NT) Techniques (BT) Training (BT) Turning (NT) Underwater photography (NT) Underwater shipwrecks (BT) Vacation homes (NT) Vertical alignment (NT) Visibility Use Scuba diving hazards – silting Just give the term they should use, not its broader term. If they should use silting instead, then just say USE silting.
Weighting Formulas (NT) Wetsuits (NT) Wreck diving (NT) The relationships in your hierarchical display are correct; you‟ve done a good job with genus/species relationships. The alphabetical display is incorrect. It does not show the relationships between terms (it shows that a term is an NT, but not what it‟s an NT to). The U/UF relationship is not reciprocal. Reciprocals of the BT/NT relationship aren‟t shown. No RTs are present. There are no scope notes or qualifiers, although there are several terms for which they would be quite useful.
240 While of course this isn‟t the grade you would hope for, you will be able to pull up the final course grade with the other projects. It‟s frustrating, because you got the hierarchies right, but you got the second display all wrong, and I think if you had just looked at one of the alphabetical displays provided in class, you would have seen the problems and how to correct them.