Using Knowledge to Develop Africa

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					May 8-10, 2006 Intercontinental Sandton Sun and Towers Johannesburg, South Africa www.worldbank.org/wbi/africaknowledgeconference

This conference is being organized by World Bank, the Government of South Africa through its Department of Science and Technology, and the Government of Finland through its Ministry for Foreign Affairs. We are also grateful to the Governments of France and Ireland for supporting the conference.

Plenary Sessions
Notes: Plenary sessions will have simultaneous interpretation in English, French, and Portuguese. * = Speakers to be confirmed.

Day 1

| May 8

9:00 – 10:00

Welcome to the Conference • Gobind Nankani (by video), Vice President, Africa Region, World Bank Introduced by Ritva Reinikka, Country Director for South Africa, World Bank • Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute • H.E. Mosibudi Mangena, Minister of Science and Technology, South Africa • H.E. Heikki Tuunanen, Ambassador of Finland to South Africa Developing and Implementing Knowledge Strategies for Enhancing Growth and Competitiveness Chair: Njabulo Ndebele, Vice Chancellor, University of Cape Town

10:00 – 10:20

10:20 – 10:40 10:40 – 11:00 11:00 – 11:40

Knowledge for Development: Overview of Country Strategies and Key Challenges for Africa • Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute How to Develop and Implement Coherent Country Strategies: The Finnish Experience • Jorma Routti, Creative Industries Management, Helsinki Coffee Break Discussants: • Alan Gelb, Director, Development Policy, World Bank • Duncan Hindle, Director-General, Ministry of Education, South Africa Discussion Lunch Cross-cutting issues for the Knowledge Economy: • Supporting African innovators: policy and human capacity issues • Local innovation, communities and indigenous knowledge • Connecting Africa to the world: access for markets, growth and innovation • Key institutions and governance issues for the knowledge economy in Africa Moderator: Robert Hawkins, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank Panelists: • Lidia R. Arthur Brito, Professor and Former Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Mozambique • Dhesigen Naidoo, Deputy Director-General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa • Nicolas Gorjestani, Senior Advisor, Africa Region, The World Bank • H.E. Venancio Massingue, Minister of Science and Technology, Mozambique

11:40 – 12:15 12:15 – 1:30 1:30 – 2:30

2:30 – 3:00 3:00 – 3:30

Discussion Coffee Break

Parallel Workshops—See Annex for Workshop Details
3:30 – 5:00

Innovation How does
innovation take place in Africa: The Micro and Meso Level (Clusters, Sectors)

Education How would
primary and secondary education need to change for the knowledge economy

ICTs Leadership for the ICTenabled knowledge economy

7:00

Dinner and Presentation (Sponsored by the Government of South Africa)
Speaker: H.E. Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor, Minister of Education, South Africa Venue and Tour: Apartheid Museum, Johannesburg

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Day 2 | May 9 Parallel Workshops—See Annex for Workshop Details
9:00 – 10:30 Innovation How does innovation take place in Africa: The Micro and Meso Level (Clusters, Sectors) Coffee Break Facilitating innovative activities: Role of universities, public labs, and others centers of excellence What skills are needed for the knowledge economy Enabling access for all: policies, regulations and new business models for expanding ICT infrastructure and services in Africa Education How would primary and secondary education need to change for the knowledge economy ICTs Leadership for the ICT-enabled knowledge economy

10:30 – 11:00 11:00 – 12:30

12:30 – 1:30 1:30 – 3:00

Lunch What can governments do to support innovation projects and improve the innovation climate Coffee Break Summary of issues and recommendations for the next day’s plenary, including crosscutting issues Summary of issues and recommendations for the next day’s plenary, including crosscutting issues Summary of issues and recommendations for the next day’s plenary, including cross-cutting issues How to foster sustainable regional partnerships for education and science Empowering African ICT innovators and entrepreneurs

3:00 – 3:30 3:30 – 5:00

7:00

Dinner and Presentation • Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de recherche dans les domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les Infrastructures, Burkina Faso, Experience of the Malaria Research and Training Centre in Mali • Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute, The AIST Initiative

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Plenary Sessions
Notes: Plenary sessions will have simultaneous interpretation in English, French, and Portuguese. * = Speakers to be confirmed.

Day 3

| May 10

9:00 – 10:00

Policy Recommendations: Actions related to innovation, education, and ICTs emanating from the conference workshops Moderator: Neville Arendse, General Manager: International Resources, Department of Science and Technology Presenters: (20 minutes each) • Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal (Education) • Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute (Innovation) • Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique (ICTs)

10:00 – 10:45 10:45 – 11:00 11:00 – 12:30

Complementary inputs from participants and question/answer session Coffee Break Reactions to Policy Recommendations: Perspectives for Implementation Moderator: Bruno Laporte, Manager, Knowledge for Development Program, World Bank Institute Panelists: • Dhesigen Naidoo, Deputy Director-General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa • Alfred Watkins, Lead Specialist, World Bank • Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de recherche dans les domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les Infrastructures, Burkina Faso • Jyrki Pulkkinen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland

12:30 – 2:00 2:00 – 4:30

Lunch Round Table Discussion Knowledge-Based Development: Opportunities for Africa Role of vision, policy leadership, and change agents in putting debate into action Chair: H.E. Trevor Manuel, Minister of Finance, South Africa Discussants: • Rob Adam, Former Chairperson, NEPAD Science and Technology Steering Committee • Shaun Johnson, The Mandela Rhodes Foundation • Hartwig Schafer, Director of Operations, Africa Region • Geoffrey Mwau, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director, Africa Group 1, World Bank • Aapo Polho, Director General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland • Antoine Grassin, Director, Directorate for Scientific and Higher Education Cooperation, France • Aidan Eames, Chair of the ICT Task Force, Ireland Main Messages of the Conference: Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute

4:30 – 5:00

Thanks and Closing of the Conference Philemon Mjwara, Director General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

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ANNEX Agenda for the Innovation Workshop Sessions May 8-9, 2006
3:30 – 5:00 p.m. Day 1 | May 8 Innovation

1. How does innovation take place in Africa: The Micro and Meso Level (clusters, sectors)
Knowledge use and technology innovation develop in Africa through singular paths and help build pockets of vitality and growth. How does knowledge and innovation contribute to the success of certain clusters and sectors in Africa, such as fishing, auto parts, clothing and textiles, cut flowers, and so on? How to maintain and scale up these clusters and sectors? • What is the role of indigenous knowledge in development? How to make better use of it? • What innovations are needed to meet the basic needs of local communities? How do these develop?

Moderator:
o Adi Paterson, Deputy Director General, Science and Technology Expert Services, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

Speakers:
o Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, Professor and Senior Researcher, United Nations University-Institute for New Technologies (UNU-INTECH) o Nicolas Gorjestani, Senior Advisor, Africa Region, World Bank o Pape Diouf, Professor, Institut d’Etudes Universitaires du Developpement, Geneva

Discussion

9:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Innovation

2. Acquiring and Diffusing Global Knowledge: Role of FDI, Diaspora, and Other Channels
It is very important for African countries to tap into global knowledge and technology, through channels such as FDI, Diaspora, and other means, and adapt and disseminate this knowledge for local use. • What are the current roles of FDI and the Diaspora in acquiring and diffusing knowledge in Africa? • How can African countries tap into global knowledge more effectively by improving their investment climate?

Moderator:
o Adi Paterson, Deputy Director General, Science and Technology Expert Services, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

Speakers:
o John Mugabe, Director, NEPAD Office of Science and Technology o Thomas Dixon, Technoserve, USA, Arusha, Tanzania o Brian Ngo, Lead Economist, World Bank

Discussion

11:00 – 12:30 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Innovation

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3. Facilitating Innovative Activities: Role of Universities, Public Labs and other Centers of Expertise
As key knowledge and technology hubs, universities and public labs play important roles in creating and adapting knowledge, thus facilitating innovative activities. • How can universities be organized to better serve the innovation needs of the surrounding communities? • How can the linkages between universities, public labs and the business sector be strengthened to spur more innovation? • How can centers of expertise help in linking innovators with the technical, commercial, and other resources, needed for spurring innovative activities?

Moderator:
o Nasima Badsha, Deputy Director-General for Higher Education, Ministry of Education, South Africa

Speakers:
o Laurens Cloete, Innovation Programme Manager, Meraka Institute, Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa o Martti Launonen, Vice President, Technopolis , Oulu Centre of Expertise Programme, Finland

Discussion 1:30 – 3:00 p.m. Day 2 | May 9 Innovation

4. What Can Governments do to Support Innovation Projects and Improve the Innovation Climate?
Actions taken by governments in Africa to effectively support innovation have been very limited to date. Given limited resources and capacity, an effective public-private partnership is crucial for spurring innovation and for improving the innovation climate in Africa. It is also essential to mobilize local communities in this effort. • What is the role of government in supporting innovation in Africa? What assistance is needed? • What are some successful examples in building public and private partnership for innovation? How can local communities be mobilized? • What can Africa learn from some successful examples from elsewhere?

Moderator:
o Nasima Badsha, Deputy Director-General for Higher Education, Ministry of Education, South Africa

Speakers:
o Mammo Muchie, Ethiopia, Visiting Professor University of Aalborg o Veijo Kavonius, Director of Regional Development, Ministry of Interior Affairs, Finland o Callie Pistorius, University of Pretoria, Chairperson, National Science Advisory Council

Discussion 3:30 – 5:00 p.m. Day 2 | May 9 Innovation

5. Summary of Issues and Recommendations for the Next Day’s Plenary, including CrossCutting Issues Moderator:
o Jean-Eric Aubert, World Bank Institute

It is suggested that particular attention be given to:
• • Development of local innovation systems by local communities; and the blending of local and global knowledge Appropriate institutional arrangements needed for innovation policies, including government responsibilities and public-private partnerships.

Workshop Rapporteur:
o Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute

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Agenda for the Education Workshop Sessions May 8-9, 2006
Primary and secondary education, vocational training, academic qualifications in tertiary education, as well as lifelong upgrading of skills and knowledge for the labor market are essential to shape economic and technical progress in the knowledge-based society. The Education Workshop Sessions will focus on how education and learning can contribute to and shape knowledge-based economies in Africa. Note: * = speaker to be confirmed.

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.

Day 1 | May 8

Education

1. How would primary and secondary education systems need to change for the knowledge economy?
Education builds human capital, which is fundamental for economic growth, poverty reduction, and democratic governance. There is a wide consensus that education at the primary and lower secondary education levels are a fundamental requirement for the knowledge economy. • How can such education systems be developed to support for sustainable economic growth and the knowledge economy without losing sight of wider social consequences? • How to develop an inquiring mind in the course of primary and secondary education? • What are the main challenges for African secondary education?

Moderator:
o Vinesh Hookoomsing, Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Speakers:
o Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal o Duncan Hindle, Director-General of the Department of Education, South Africa o Jacob Bregman, Lead Education Specialist, World Bank

Discussion

9:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Education

2. What is the role of tertiary education in the knowledge economy?
An increased emphasis on tertiary education--not only for the elites, but for much wider participation--is a necessary development for creating knowledge-based economies in Africa. Universities would also have to play a more important role in fostering innovation in the local and national economy, through increased interaction with civil society and the private sector. The latter issue will also be addressed in the Innovation Workshop. • How to foster autonomy and accountability in African tertiary education? • Given growing enrollment in tertiary education, how to ensure the quality and relevance of academic skills needed for the knowledge economy?

Moderator:
o Vinesh Hookoomsing, Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Speakers:
o Abdou Salam Sall, Vice-Chancellor of Dakar University o Marjatta Hietala, Academy Profesor, University of Helsinki, Finland o Peter Materu, Senior Education Specialist, World Bank

Discussion

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11:00 – 12:30 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Education

3. What skills are needed for the knowledge economy?
The knowledge-based economy means an ever-increasing demand for well-educated and skilled workforce to participate in the economy as well as in civil society. • Technological change and the increased competition flowing from trade liberalization and international competition require higher skills and productivity among employees. How can African countries respond to these challenges? • What is the role of lifelong learning initiatives, including those related to Technical and Vocational Education? What should be the role of the private sector?

Moderator:
o Kadir Abdelkader Galy, Agence universitaire de la Francophonie *

Speakers:
o Patrick Awuah, President Ashesi University, Ghana o Justin Ellis, Under Secretary for Adult Education, Libraries and Culture, Namibia o Penny Vinjevold, Deputy Director-General for Further Education and Training, Ministry of Education, South Africa.

Discussion

1:30 – 3:00 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Education

4. How to foster sustainable regional partnerships for education and science?
Fostering critical mass and resources in education and research is a key issue for many countries. Pan-African and regional partnerships and collaboration are therefore crucial in several areas. • What would be a good balance between specialization and collaboration in education and research in Africa? • Which have been some of the successful areas of collaboration in the past, and what is the potential for developing new ones?

Moderator:
o Jyrki Pulkkinen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland

Speakers:
o Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de recherche dans les domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les Infrastructures, Burkina Faso o Peter Kinyanjui, Professor NEPAD e-school Initiative o Robert Kriger, Manager, National Research Foundation, South Africa

Discussion

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

Education

5. Summary of issues and recommendations for the next day’s plenary, including cross-cutting issues Moderators: o Kurt Larsen, Senior Program Officer and Anuja Utz, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank Institute Workshop Rapporteur:
o Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal

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Agenda for the ICT Workshop Sessions Organized by infoDev May 8-9, 2006

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.

Day 1 | May 8

ICT

1. Leadership for the ICT-enabled Knowledge Economy
This session will examine case studies being developed by the Knowledge for Development Program on leadership in e-government and ICTs in Africa. Mr. O Siochru will present a conceptual framework and offer concrete examples of how leadership in this area has been critical in Rwanda, Kenya, Mozambique, and Senegal. Dr. Okech has been designing and implementing e-government initiatives in Kenya and Rwanda and will elaborate on specific challenges and opportunities. • How is a knowledge-based development approach and an ICT "vision" of a country formulated? • How is support for ICTs established by top leadership, and what types of incentives are available to them? • In what ways does the country context impact leadership in ICTs and vice versa? • What is the role of specific institutions in implementing ICT strategy? • What lessons can other countries in Africa learn from these case studies on leadership?

Moderator:
o Bruno Laporte, Manager, Knowledge for Development Program, World Bank Institute

Presentations:
o Sean O Siochru, Researcher, Nexus Research, Ireland, Leadership in E-Government Initiatives: An African Perspective o Juma Okech, Secretary, Directorate of e-Government, Office of the President, Government of Kenya, Moving a Country Forward Using ICTs: The Leadership Dimension

Discussant: o Jacques van Schalkwyk, Country Manager , South, Sub-Saharan Africa, Intel Corporation 9:00 – 10:30 a.m. Day 2 | May 9 ICT

2. Growth, Competitiveness and Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Role of ICT
It is widely agreed that creating the conditions for robust and sustained economic growth is vital to securing Africa's future and combating poverty. In an increasingly-global, knowledge-based economy, information and communication technologies can be vital tools in helping African countries become more competitive, both regionally and globally, and this increased competitiveness can be a key driver of economic growth. Yet ICT is not a magical solution to Africa's growth and competitiveness challenges. This session will explore, on the basis of several recent country studies commissioned by infoDev, how African firms can harness ICT to "move up the value chain" and compete more effectively, both regionally and globally, so as to promote this broader economic growth.

Moderator: o Jyrki Pulkinnen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Finland

Presentations:
o Malik Fal, OTF Group, Lessons from African Case Studies: Tanzania and Uganda o Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique's ICT initiatives

Discussants
o Alan Gelb, Director, Development Policy, World Bank

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11:00 – 12:30 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

ICT

3. Enabling Access for All: Policies, Regulations and New Business Models for Expanding ICT Infrastructure and Services in Africa
A key impediment to ICT-enabled growth, competitiveness and poverty reduction in Africa is the poor state of, and limited access to African ICT infrastructure and services, and the often-high costs o those services, particularly international calls and high-speed internet access, which are crucial to firm competitiveness and to the growth of African knowledge economies and societies more broadly. This session will explore the key challenges in expanding affordable access to ICT in Africa, and recent efforts to address these challenges.

Moderator:
o Brian Longwe, African ISP Association

Presentations:
o Eric Osiakwan, African ISP Association, The Open Access Opportunity in Africa: new public-private models for expanding ICT infrastructure o Henry Chasia, Deputy Executive Chairperson, NEPAD e-Africa Commission, Building Regional Consenus and Partnership for ICT Infrastructure Projects: The EASSY Cable Project o Mika Skarp, NOKIA Oyj, Requirements & Possibilities to provide telephone connectivity for rural communities in sub-saharan Africa Discussants: o Florence Etta, Kenyan ICT Network (KICTAnet) o Mashila Matlala, Director: Policy, Department of Communications, South Africa

1:30 – 3:00 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

ICT

4. Empowering African ICT Innovators and Entrepreneurs
Effectively using ICT as tools of economic opportunity and social empowerment, and of the growth of knowledge economies and societies in Africa, depends heavily on the actions of Africa innovators and entrepreneurs who can adapt these tools and services to the priority needs of Africans, and who can build new, innovative and competitive businesses that harness the power of these technologies. This session will explore the key challenges and opportunities in promoting ICT-enabled innovation and entrepreneurship in Africa, with a particular focus on business incubation and SME development.

Moderator
o Estelle Sowah, Managing Director, Busy Internet, Ghana

Presentations:
o Mdu Mkhonza, CEO, Embizeni Innovation Support Centre, South Africa, The Challenges of ICT Business Incubation in Africa: Report from the infoDev African Incubator Network Conference o Paul Lamontagne, CEO, ENABLIS o Lucia Abrahams, Director, LINK Center, University of Witwatersrand, and Member, South African National Advisory Council on Innovation: Empowering Women with ICT

Discussants:
o Leon Lourens, Bodabeng Technology Incubator, South Africa

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.

Day 2 | May 9

ICT

5. Summary of Issues and Recommendations for next day's plenary
Discussants and Moderators from the 3 previous sessions will lead a highly-participatory discussion of the key issues and recommendations emerging from the ICT sessions. Moderator: o Robert Hawkins, Hawkins, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank

Workshop Rapporteur: o Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique

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