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Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) Senior Inter-Agency Advisory Panel & Process (SIAPP) on National & Transnational Threats Post-Workshop Report, 15-19 May 2006 Objectives. The objectives of the Indonesia SIAPP on National & Transnational Threats Workshop were to modernize the methods used to coordinate interagency support into action and draft legislation that will provide an apparatus to support the GOI initiatives. Purpose. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess the impact on participants at the Indonesia SIAPP on National & Transnational Threats Workshop as well as the workshops‟ effectiveness in achieving its stated objectives. Results. This workshop resulted in progress towards Indonesia forming a National Security Council. Minister of Defense Sudarsono received the results of the SIAPP workshop and intends to use the draft SIAPP legislation that was produced as part of an exercise in September/October. Qualitative Analysis KEY BENEFITS REALIZED: Understanding Meaning of National Security Council (NSC): Many participants stated that the workshop discussions helped them to “understand the meaning of the NSC to be formulated” and, “in detail, the formation, establishment and functions of [an] NSC.” Summarizing the participants‟ feedback, understanding the concept and foundation of an NSC is key to establishing a properly developed and functioning council. Laws & Regulations: Another key benefit participants realized was the need for good governance in the form of laws and regulations. Participants stated the workshop discussions provided key “inputs on existing regulations/theories” and made them realize they “lack „the guidance‟ such as laws and regulations.” The proper establishment and enforcement of good laws and regulations creates the basis for good governance. Strategic Communication: A third key benefit realized from the workshop focused on the exchange of ideas and concerns among participants. Participants stated that it was “very helpful [to] exchange thoughts and opinions” with other key players. It was enlightening to hear and “understand the concerns of other department and national agencies.” This APCSS workshop was instrumental in opening the lines of strategic communication among key players in Indonesia. MOST USEFUL: Real-Life References: Participant felt that the workshop was most helpful because it used real-life scenarios. “Breakout group discussions referring [to] existing references and institutions gave more insights than what is found in books.” Participants stated the “illustrations of real situations enable[d] [them to] understand the need [for an] NSC.” This experience incorporated real-life references into the workshop and provided participants with the link they needed between possibilities and theories and functioning of an NSC. Table-Top Scenarios: Participants listed table-top scenarios as another useful part of the workshop. They enjoyed the “table-top game because the scenarios might just happen in real life.” The “scenarios/table-top game [also] made [participants] realize the importance of NSC.” Incorporating table-top scenarios into the workshop gets participants thinking about the “what-ifs” and ensures better participation and focus on the topic at large. Building Partnership Capacity: Participants also declared that experience sharing during the workshop was very useful for building relationships with other organizations. Participants stated that by everyone sharing their prior experiences provided them with a “comparison/bench marking with other existing bodies/councils.” Partnership building leads to better strategic communication and enables the harmonizing of views and a successful product that most can agree on in the end. USE OF KNOWLEDGE GAINED: Public Diplomacy: Most participants stated they would use the knowledge gained during the workshop to promote a common understanding among organizations and to “manage the media.” The participants would stress “the need to socialize the importance of inter-agency” cooperation through innovative techniques. The participants intend to harmonize the views on NSC and help educate on the role of security in civil society. Implementing Lessons Learned: Some participants stated that they would use “the lessons taken from other countries and adjust [them] to [fit] local situations.” Taking lessons learned and applying them to current applicable situations prevents past errors from repeating themselves and helps to assure success. ADOPTION OF HIGH-LEVEL INTER-AGENCY ADVISORY COUNCIL: Timely & Accurate Response: Almost all of the participants stated that they would expect more timely and accurate responses and decisions on security related issues if a high-level inter-agency advisory council was adopted. Participants stated adoption of a high-level inter-agency advisory council would create an “escalation of performance and synergy to integrate and mutually deal with the problems in quicker and more prepared ways.” “With this council, strategic issues could be solved well and comprehensive[ly] (well-coordinated) and the resolution [would result in] an accurate work in solving problems.” Another participant summed it up by stating that the inter-agency advisory council would “assist the President in a timely, accurate and comprehensive manner based on objective inputs.” All the participants cited benefits in regards to establishing a properly functioning NSC based on this APCSS workshop experience. Critique Sheet Methodology. A critique sheet was administered to 100% of attendees. Survey responses were received from 15 out of 43 Indonesian officials (35%). The critique was comprised of 5 qualitative questions. Contact Information. 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