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									2005 Terrapin Invitational Tournament October 22, 2005 – University of Maryland Tossups by North Carolina (Brice Russ, Kevin Clair, Daniel Wright, Sara Garnett, Laurel Kehs, Hadley Rouse and Julie Grondin)
1. This author of the book Donald’s School Days commanded troops defending Cemetery Hill during the Battle of Bull Run and, although he lost his arm during the Peninsular Campaign, after his participation in the charge that took Missionary Ridge he was promoted as commander of the Army of the Tennessee. After being transferred West, he fought and negotiated with various Indian chiefs including Cochise and Chief Joseph, but he is best remembered for earlier taking control of a federal project that was established by Andrew Johnson to help emancipated slaves. For 10 points, name this man, the head of the Freedmen’s Bureau, and the namesake of a historically black university in Washington, DC. ANSWER: Oliver Otis Howard 2. Ultimately the past comes back to haunt the protagonist when the mysterious Rogers shows up to collect money. The guest list at one of this novel’s pivotal scenes includes Miss Kingsbury, Robert Chase, and the Rev. Sewell’s family and it begins during an interview with the title character that will be featured in ―Solid Men of Boston‖ series. It ends with Penelope, the bookish sister, rather than Iris, the cute one, marrying the Brahmin Tom Corey and leaving for Mexico. All the while the Colonel and his family try to fit into high society in Back Bay but fail to make a favorable impression in, for 10 points, this 1885 work by William Dean Howells. ANSWER: The Rise of Silas Lapham 3. A former pastry cook for Agostino Tassi in Rome, this man included natural details in many of his compositions. Thus Egeria mourning over Numa includes trees that the artist went out to sketch on the actual estate of the Colonna family before presenting it to them. But it was the light in harbor scenes, like Ulysses returning Chryseis, that would later inspire Turner to consciously emulate him in the latter’s Dido Building Carthage. This creator of the sketchbook Liber Veritatis was best known for his depictions of long recessions flanked by strong vertical elements, in scenes with classically inspired figures that seem miniscule compared to their surroundings. For 10 points, name this French artist, born with the last name Gelle, the foremost landscape painter of the 17th century. ANSWER: Claude Lorrain [prompt on just Claude] 4. He termed the fear of knowing one’s self ―the Jonah complex,‖ and late in his life he pioneered the study of ―transpersonal psychology,‖ which derived a lot of its inspiration from non-Western sources. In a 1968 work he tried to steer people away from what he called ―D-perception‖ and ―D-motivation‖ and Towards a Psychology of Being. Works like Eupsychian Management and Motivation and Personality develop the ideas based on his most revolutionary paradigm, which was introduced to him by his colleague at Brandeis, Kurt Goldstein. This idea posited that persons would be unable to reach their full potential, or self-actualize, without taking care of certain basic necessities. For 10 points, identify this father of humanistic psychology who developed a pyramidal hierarchy of needs. ANSWER: Abraham Maslow 5. Tinted with red ochre and about four and a half inches tall, its top portion features a gridded cap and it appears much larger due to the exaggerated roundness of its hips, breasts, and thighs. Found by Josef Szombathy, who unearthed it during railway construction on the Donau river in 1908, its emphasis on the pubis, and reduction of body parts like the arms and head, have supported historical arguments about the high status accorded the obese in a hunter-gatherer society and that it served as a fertility figure. For 10 points, identify this limestone sculpture, one of the oldest manmade artifacts known to man, which is commonly called by a name that references the classical goddess of love. ANSWER: Woman from Willendorf or Venus of Willendorf

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6. It has a flux of about 2720 Janskies at 1 gigahertz, and is expanding at the rate of approximately ten million miles per hour. This rate of expansion is slowing, but whether the rate in the change of the rate of expansion is slowing or not is still under debate. Though one of the brightest radio sources in the sky, it was not discovered until 1947 due to large clouds of interstellar dust between it and us blocking optical observations of it. Believed to be about 350 years old, for 10 points, name this supernova remnant located in one of the circumpolar constellations. ANSWER: Cassiopeia A 7. Colonel Rose led a victorious march to capture Jhansi, while the last opposition forces were rounded up in Gwalior. One of the many atrocities carried out during it involved the murder of hostages at the House of the Ladies in Cawnpore, but the major fighting broke out after Bahadur Shah was proclaimed emperor in the city of Meerut. Popularly believed to have originated after one side offended the religious sensibilities of the other by giving them rifle cartridges covered in the fat of cows and pigs, for 10 points, identify this uprising that occurred in 1857 and is often named for the native Indian soldiers used by the British. ANSWER: Sepoy mutiny 8. First published in the collection The Town Down the River, it features a khaki suit being derided becomes it comes up short next to ―iron clothing,‖ and singles out the Medici for praise. Often ―sigh[ing] for what was not,‖ this title figure ―mourned Romance, now on the town‖ and ―dreamed, and rested from his labors‖. But all of his imagination leads to nothing; faced with the prospect of being born hopelessly behind his time, he simply ―coughed, and called it fate/And kept on drinking.‖ For 10 points, name this poem by Edwin Arlington Robinson, whose titular protagonist, ―a child of scorn, grew lean while he assailed the seasons.‖ ANSWER: Miniver Cheevy 9. One section consists of 24 invocations to separate deities while another is loosely translated as ―all lords‖ and consists of 23 kards. Thought to have been compiled by Rasmus Rask on an 1820 expedition, the Fargard subsections include the tale of ―Jamshid‖ or ―Yima‖ and try to make the distinction between the asha, or the righteous, and the druj. The oldest section features the songs, or Gathas, and is the book of oblation, or Yasna, while the Vispered and Venidad include the stories of Ahriman and Ahura-Mazda. For 10 points, name this sacred text of a religion founded by Zarathustra. ANSWER: Zend Avesta 10. Due to a misquotation, he was once printed in several German newspapers as saying, "I am the Queen of England." His interest in Objectivism likely had some effect on his most famous creation, as did attending the Randolph School, one of the first in America to adopt computer labs. However, neither of these likely changed his life as much as did his tendency, as a child, to spend hours reading the World Book Encyclopedia. For ten points, name this Alabama-born Internet entrepreneur best known for being the founder of the online reference source Wikipedia. ANSWER: Jimmy "Jimbo" Wales [accept variants of Jim Wales; prompt on Jimbo] 11. His work at the magazine Cite Libre marked him as one of the founders of the Quiet Revolution. This occurred some years before James Cross and Pierre Laporte were kidnapped and he invoked the War Measures Act that put his nation under temporary martial law. Temporarily replaced at the post he is most famous for holding by Joe Clark, he was reinstated after a vote of no confidence in the new government. This former Minister of Justice under Pearson would then go on to supervise the patriation of the new Constitution in 1982, continue to champion bilingualism, and eventually serve for over 25 years as his country’s highest elected official. For 10 points, name this namesake of Montreal International airport, a Liberal prime minister of Canada. ANSWER: Pierre Trudeau

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12. It is home to the second-highest EPA air monitoring station in North America. Standing 6643 feet tall, it was named after a local politician and brigadier general for the Confederacy. Although he originally had hoped to have another nearby mountain named after him, after Dr. Elisha Mitchell fell off of it and died while trying to measure it, he agreed that Dr. Mitchell should be given the honors. For 10 points, name this Tennessee mountain, the highest mountain on the Appalachian Trail and the second-highest east of the Mississippi river. ANSWER: Clingman’s Dome 13. In order to contact his father late in the novel the protagonist has to deal with his dad’s mistress Bella Brosen, who ignores him. Earlier on he remembers his encounters with the neighborhood fascist Herbert, who is now an upstanding citizen, and also recalls the success he had working on the road, as well as the memory of his dead sister, Henrietta. Ultimately, the character cannot reconcile his true love’s need to raise their family as Catholics with the horrors that his fellow countrymen committed in World War II. When Marie eventually leaves him he cannot get over it and the novel ends with Hans Schnier living as a common beggar at the Bonn train station. For 10 points, identify this work about a comic performer by Heinrich Boll. ANSWER: The Clown 14. Found in the early 19th century by Charles Dawson and Sir Arthur Smith Woodward in Sussex, England, it consisted of unusually thick skull fragments and an apelike jawbone. It was claimed to be the missing link between apes and humans, but in 1953 it was identified as a fake using nitrogen analysis and fluorine-based dating tests. For 10 points, name this hoax skull that still causes controversy today. ANSWER: Piltdown skull 15. This conflict was almost stifled at its beginning due to the antipathy of the German city-states for the Pope and the English King’s unwillingness to divert force from war with France. However, the preacher Fulk of Neuilly drummed up enough enthusiasm that the city of Venice was engaged to provide transportation for 33,500 soldiers. When the Crusaders arrived and couldn’t pay, they were forced to conquer the city of Zara for Venice, then came upon the Byzantine Prince Alexius Angelos, who convinced them to make their most famous conquest. For ten points, name this wackiest Crusade, which never reached the Holy Land, but did end up sacking Constantinople. ANSWER: The Fourth Crusade 16. This work was inspired by the name of his then fiancé Ernestine Fricken’s hometown and it features tributes to Chopin and Paganini. Many of its 21 sections, including ―Pantelon et Columbine,‖ are named for Commedia dell’ arte characters, while others like ―Chiarina‖ were inspired by real life. The final section features the composer’s alter egos, Florestan and Eusebius, marching the heroic ―David’s Band‖ into musical battle against the Philistines. A trio of musical ―Sphinxes‖ announces the structural theme that also serves as the subtitle for this work, ―Pretty Scenes in Four Notes.‖ For 10 points, identify this 1835 work for keyboard, which is named for a festive occasion and composed by Robert Schumann. ANSWER: Carnaval Opus 9 17. The month of Panquetzaliztli, roughly equivalent to December, was devoted to this deity who was celebrated with the consumption of amaranth. Often accompanied by his messenger Paynal, according to another myth his ejaculate created the first bat. His sister was Malinalxochi, who ruled over scorpions and snakes, and he was sometimes called Mextli. Patron of the city of Tenochtitlan, he was born of the union between Mixcoatl and Coatlicue as a ball of feathers, and he would later kill most of his brothers and sisters. For ten points, name this Aztec god of war who was often represented as a hummingbird. ANSWER: Huitzilopochtli

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18. A failed painter, this steward of Ludlow castle, eventually attracted the attention of George Villiers and collaborated with him on The Rehearsal. His own earlier works include the Cynarctomachy, or ―Battle between Bears and Dogs,‖ and a satire on Sir Paul Neale of the Royal Observatory called The Elephant in the Moon. His most famous work, written in cumbersome octosyllabic meter, features characters like Sidrophel a charlatan astrologer and the bumbling squire Ralpho. For ten points, identify this author best known for his mock epic about a grotesque Presbyterian knight called Hudibras. ANSWER: Samuel Butler 19. This egg-shaped structure makes up more than 80% of the diencephalon and forms the superolateral walls of the third ventricle. Its name means ―inner room‖ in Greek and in some people its bilateral masses of gray matter are held together by the intermediate mass. For 10 points, name this gateway to the cerebral cortex which plays a key role in mediating sensation, motor activities, cortical arousal, learning and memory. ANSWER: Thalamus 20. It was preceded by an encounter at Ilipa and during it one commander eschewed the usual checkerboard formation and decided to stack his men, including hastati and triari, in columns. Trumpets played a key part in disrupting the first, earth shaking thrust on one side and allowed one of the cavalry units under Laelius to enter the fray. When the advance guard of Ligurian Gauls could not stop the Roman advance, the difference between the competing Numidian units, under Syphax and his rival Massinissa became key. Ultimately the Carthaginians were dispersed and the Roman claimed victory. For ten points, name this battle that saw Scipio defeat Hannibal. ANSWER: Zama 21. One of the protagonists is courted throughout by a young man who never appears on stage. In fact, no male characters whatsoever appear, though several figures command powerful presences from offscreen. This includes the previously mentioned Pepe Romano and the unnamed husband who leaves the title character a widow. Part of the Rural Trilogy with Bodas de sangre and Yerma, for ten points, identify this Federico Garcia Lorca play about a matroness who enforces a self-imposed seclusion from the world on herself and her five young daughters. ANSWER: The House of Bernarda Alba or La Casa de Bernarda Alba 22. Although its exact origins are unknown, this process as we know it today was born in the Italian Renaissance when it was discovered that by forcing a narrow stream of air into the flame of an oil lamp, enough heat could be generated to shape small pieces of glass. Also called flameworking, today artists often use a blowtorch. For 10 points, name this process that uses a torch or lamp to heat glass rods for sculpting, blowing or beadmaking. ANSWER: lampworking [accept flameworking until mentioned] 23. Among the people currently interested in this field are personalities such as author Douglas Hofstadter and Ryan North, creator of the Daily Dinosaur Comics webcomic. Its leading journal has been produced quarterly since 1974 by the MIT Press, and the ACL brings scientists interested in it together from tongues all across the world. Born from Cold War-era efforts to quickly translate Russian texts and scientific journals, for 10 points, identify this sub-branch of linguistics most often identified with machine translation. ANSWER: computational linguistics

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2005 Terrapin Invitational Tournament October 22, 2005 – University of Maryland Bonuses by North Carolina (Brice Russ, Kevin Clair, Daniel Wright, Sara Garnett, Laurel Kehs, Hadley Rouse and Julie Grondin)
1. Because we believe this subject falls under Science, identify the following theological arguments concerning the creation of the universe, 5-10-15. [5] Perhaps the most well known argument, this states that God must exist because there must exist some concept which started the chain of causality, and that this concept is God. ANSWER: the cosmological argument [10] St. Anselm developed this argument, which states that because God is a perfect being, and a being that exists in reality and imagination is more perfect than one that exists only in imagination, God must therefore exist. ANSWER: the ontological argument [15] This variant of the cosmological argument, popularized in recent times by William Lane Craig, has origins in Near East philosophy. If one ignores the overzealousness of its proponent, it actually stands up decently to counterattack. ANSWER: the kalam cosmological argument 2. Answer these questions about a document in American history, 10-5-5-10. [10] This 1854 manifesto, written in Aix-la-Chappelle and the namesake Belgian city, advocated the purchase or forcible seizure of a certain island from Spain. ANSWER: Ostend Manifesto [5] Name the island in question. ANSWER: Cuba [5] This future President, then minister to Britain, was one of the authors. ANSWER: James Buchanan [10] When this man replaced the great Romulus Saunders as Pierce’s Secretary of State, he tried to stop Pierre Soule from rashly signing off on the Ostend Manifesto, but it was to no avail. ANSWER: William Marcy 3. Identify the following about a work by Ben Jonson, for 10 points each. [10] Subtitled, The Fox, this work about a man who lusts after gold features numerous memorable minor characters including the dwarf, Nano, and the eunuch, Androgyno. ANSWER: Volpone [10] In the second act of Volpone we meet this foolish English knight, who is later contrasted with the upstanding Peregrine. ANSWER: Sir Politic Would Be [10] In the prologue , Jonson makes reference to this other play he wrote in 1602. In it he satirizes Marston as Crispinus who is the title figure, an untalented versifier. ANSWER: Poetaster 4. Answer the following questions, for 10 points each, about a dead composer. [10] His musical works include the Capriccio Italien, Iolanthe, and Marche Slav. ANSWER: Peter Tchaikovsky [10] In The Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, Tchaikovsky features this newly invented percussive instrument consisting of a set of steel bars positioned over wood resonators and struck by hammers activated from a keyboard. ANSWER: Celesta [10] Tchaikovsky almost threw this work away because he considered it to be ―very loud and noisy.‖ However, it was a total success when performed at the 1882 Moscow Exhibition. It was later published in his Opus 49. ANSWER: The 1812 Overture in E-flat Major

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5. Texas Hold’em has become very popular in recent years. Given a nickname for a starting hand, identify the cards in the hand (suits not needed) for 5 points each with a 5-point bonus for getting them all right. [5] Dolly Parton ANSWER: 9 and 5 [5] Sailboats ANSWER: pair of 4s [5] Siegfried and Roy ANSWER: pair of queens [5] Texas Dolly ANSWER: 10 and 2 [5] Big Slick ANSWER: ace and king [5 for all correct] 6. For 10 points each, answer these questions about some British Parliaments. [10] The Rump Parliament was formed from the Long Parliament through a purge led by this man. ANSWER: Thomas Pride [10] This parliament, which succeeded the Rump Parliament, took its name from one of its members whose first name was Praise-God. ANSWER: Barebones Parliament [10] This prominent Puritan and versifier of the Psalms was elected by Cromwell as Speaker of the House for the Barebones Parliament. ANSWER: Rev. Francis Rous 7. Answer some questions about the works of Nobel laureates of the late 1940s for 10 points each. [10] This Hesse work published in 1922 concerns an Indian man’s personal journey down the road toward spiritual fulfillment. ANSWER: Siddhartha [10] Faulkner’s 1929 novel that was not The Sound and the Fury was this work about the decline of the Mississippi aristocracy after the Civil War; his great-grandfather served as the model for the title military figure. ANSWER: Sartoris [10] 1944’s winner, Johannes Jensen, is most well known for this six-novel cycle about the evolution of man which outlined its author’s personal views on evolution through the stories of men he perceived as great. ANSWER: The Long Journey or Den Lange Rejse 8. Name these sites important to radio astronomy for 10 points each. [10] Located in Green Bank, West Virginia, this site features historical radio telescopes and the Robert C. Byrd GBT, the largest fully steerable radio telescope in the world. ANSWER: National Radio Astronomy Observatory [prompt on NRAO] [10] Another NRAO site, this set of telescopes outside Socorro, New Mexico was most famously featured in the movie Contact. ANSWER: Very Large Array [prompt on VLA] [10] This magnified version of the VLA links radio telescopes from places as distant as Mauna Kea and the Virgin Islands to create exceptionally useful radio images. ANSWER: Very Large Baseline Array [prompt on VBLA]

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9. Identify these religious terms with something in common, 5-10-15. [5] In the Christianity, a period of time before Christmas, beginning on the Sunday closest to November 30th when the birth of Jesus is recalled ANSWER: Advent [10] The Muslim call to prayer, typically from the minaret at a mosque. ANSWER: Adhan [15] An Islamic holy day that recalls the trek by Mohammed and his followers to medina. ANSWER: Al-Hijra 10. Identify the following about an anthropologist and his work. [10] After leaving Paris for Brazil this structuralist published such works as The Savage Mind and The Raw and the Cooked. ANSWER: Claude Levi-Strauss [10] This 1955 memoir established Levi-Strauss’ reputation as a literary figure as well as an anthropologist. ANSWER: Tristes Tropiques [10] This current professor emeritus at Princeton discussed the influence of Tristes Tropiques in his masterpiece The Interpretation of Cultures. ANSWER: Clifford Geertz 11. For 10 points each, answer the following about an incident in Asian history: [10] When a bomb ripped into the Japanese railway near the namesake site in 1931, the Japanese Kwantung army used the incident as a pretext to occupy Manchuria. ANSWER: Mukden Incident [10] After occupying Manchuria, the Japanese then went on to prop up this puppet state. ANSWER: Manchukuo [10] Pu Yi was installed as the ruler of Manchukuo in 1932, where he ruled from this capital city. ANSWER: Changchun [also accept Xinjin] 12. Identify the Edgar Allan Poe works from lines, 5-5-10-10. [5] ―—quit the bust above my door / Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!‖ ANSWER: The Raven [5] ―It was many and many a year ago, / In a kingdom by the sea, / That a maiden there lived whom you may know…‖ ANSWER: Annabel Lee [10] ―With the stars that oversprinkle / All the heavens, seem to twinkle / With a crystalline delight…‖ ANSWER: The Bells [10] ―And I!- to-night my heart is light!- no dirge will I upraise, / But waft the angel on her flight with a Paean of old days!‖ ANSWER: Lenore 13. Identify these works by John Singer Sargent for 10 points each. [10] The first of Sargent’s paintings to really garner him some attention it features the young girls Polly and Dolly playing amongst the titular quartet of flowers. ANSWER: Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose [10] This 1882 work, inspired by studies of Velazquez, uses an opulent shadowy interior to depict the four young daughters of this man, an American expatriate living in Paris. ANSWER: Edward D. Boit [10] This 1884 work depicted society woman of Madame Gautreau in a stunning black dress with a strap that seems like it is on the verge of falling off. ANSWER: Portrait of Madame X

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14. Name the Beatles song from lyrics for 10 points each. [10] ―Tuesday afternoon is never ending / Wednesday morning papers didn't come‖ ANSWER: Lady Madonna [10] ―No one I think is in my tree / I mean it must be high or low‖ ANSWER: Strawberry Fields Forever [10] ―On the corner is a banker with a motor car / the little children laugh at him behind his back‖ ANSWER: Penny Lane 15. Answer these questions about bacteria for 10 points each. [10] This is the process in which a copy of the F factor is transferred from one bacterium that has one to a bacterium that does not. ANSWER: Conjugation [10] This is the structure connecting the two bacterial cells during conjugation. ANSWER: Pilus [10] This is a strain of bacteria that has its F factor incorporated into its chromosome. ANSWER: High frequency of recombination or Hfr 16. Answer these questions about the Year of the Four Emperors, 5-10-15. [5] The fourth emperor in that year, this founder of the Flavian dynasty ruled until 79 AD and was succeeded by his son Titus. ANSWER: Titus Flavius Vespasianus [10] Give the exact year that ended with Vespasian on the throne. ANSWER: 69 AD [if somebody says CE burn him as a witch] [15] Emperor from January 15 to April 16, this possible former lover of Nero was deposed by Vitellius. ANSWER: Marcus Salvius Otho 17. Identify the confusingly-named characters from Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude for 10 points each. [NOTE: Do not prompt on responses similar to, but not exactly, the given answers.] [10] The founder of Macondo, he searches for knowledge via obsessive and unorthodox methods and ends up tied to a tree in his house’s backyard. ANSWER: Jose Arcadio Buendia [10] The first son of Jose Arcadio Buendia, he is remarkable for his sexual drive, roaming ways, and marriage to the Buendia’s adopted daughter Rebeca. ANSWER: Jose Arcadio [10] The son of Jose Arcadio, he becomes schoolmaster and, later, dictator of Macondo. ANSWER: Arcadio 18. In 1968, a best-selling book reintroduced the dangers and possibilities of a Malthusian collapse to our modern society. For 10 points each: [10] Identify the book. ANSWER: The Population Bomb [10] Identify the author. ANSWER: Paul Ehrlich [10] Ehrlich’s doomsday scenario did not happen in part because of this socio-ecological change, targeted at improving the efficiency of agricultural processes and the development of agriculture in the third world. ANSWER: Green Revolution

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19. Answer the following questions about the LDS canon, 15-5-10. [15] This first book of the Book of Mormon outlines most of the basic history and doctrinal guidelines of the church; it includes the story of how the title character arrives in America, and is commanded to write the book. ANSWER: First Book of Nephi [accept reasonable equivalents] [5] The book was supposedly discovered by this founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints near Palmyra, New York. ANSWER: Joseph Smith [10] First published in 1835, it stands along with the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and The Pearl of Great Price as one of the basic canonical works of the LDS church. ANSWER: Doctrine and Covenants 20. Answer the following about a novel and its author for 10 points each. [10] This 1839 work follows Fabrizio del Dongo who joins up with Napoleon’s troops to fight at Waterloo and eventually makes it to the title location, where he falls in love with Marietta. ANSWER: The Charterhouse of Parma [10] This author of Lucien Leuwen wrote The Charterhouse of Parma. ANSWER: Stendhal or Henri Beyle [10] Stendhal’s most famous work The Red and the Black focuses on the adventures of this sociopath. ANSWER: Julien Sorel [accept either] 21. Given some periods, name the era in geological time for 10 points each. [10] Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous ANSWER: Mesozoic [10] Tertiary and Quarternary ANSWER: Cenozoic [10] Ordovician and Permian ANSWER: Paleozoic 22. South Africa has three capitals! One is legislative, one is judicial, and one is administrative. [10,10,10] Name them for 10 points each. ANSWER: Pretoria; Cape Town; and Bloemfontein

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