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Sula 1922

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					Sula 1922 1) New Characters Match the new characters with their description: Characters Description 1.Ajax a. Hannah's two friends who are visiting with her the day Chicken Little died. b. Newly arrived residents of the Bottom; taunted the girls c. The one who found Chicken Little's body

2. Chicken Little 3. Patsy and Valentine

4. Four white, Irish d. 21-year-old man with sinister beauty; a frequenter of the pool halls; boys calls Sula « pig-meat » when he sees her; Sula's lover 5. Bargeman e. A little boy whom Sula swings around and drowns when he slips from Sula's hands and goes into the lake

2) The chapter opens with a description of the girls walking along Carpenter's Road. They are called « pig's meat » by Ajax. What does this scene tell us? True or False? the men in Bottom are beginning to see the girls as women now the men do not like the girls the girls are in danger the girls secretly enjoy the attention the girls are changing physically the girls look like animals 3) Compare and contrast: put the information in the correct column. Then write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the two girls. Sula Peace Nel Wright

an only child – her father is dead – her father is rarely there – is strong and consistent – does not show any emotions – 12 years old – wishbone thin – dreams of a fiery prince – dreams of galloping on a gray and white horse – has a birthmark – dark skin – light skin – disorderly home – orderly and tidy home There are THREE key scenes in this chapter which highlight the girls' friendship.

SCENE ONE: The confrontation with the the Irish boys 4) For what reasons are the Irish boys treated with contempt: they spoke differently- they had red hair - they were Catholic - they were Protestant - they do not want to work 5) Why do you think that the Irish boys harassed black people? Look at the sentence: « In part their place in this world was secured only when they echoed the residents' attitude toward blacks. » Page 53.

5) Page 54-55 Sula confronts the Irish boys. a)Write two sentences describing what happens?

b) Can you explain Sula's actions?

c) Which adjective would you use to describe Sula based on this scene: - Sula is aggressive and spontaneous at times - Sula is cowardly and tries to avoid trouble Sula is afraid of trouble 7) After Nel befriends Sula she stops a) putting the clothespin on her nose and b) being interested in using the « hateful hot comb » a) Why does her mother make her use the clothespin and the hot comb?

b) Why does she defy her mother now?

SCENE TWO: Playing with twigs The summer has come and the two girls decide to go down to the river where they might see some boys. Before going down to the river, Sula runs into her house to use the toilet. 8) What does she overhear? - that her mother hates her - that Hannah is not really her mother - that Hannah loves her but does not like her - that she has always been difficult

9) Find quotations on page 57 to show how this makes Sula feel?

Read page 57 « They ran most of the way » to page 59 « Neither one had spoken a word ». The scene is an important one. Do the vocabulary exercise below to help you understand the passage. Then answer the questions. 10) Vocabulary: identify the type of word and match it to its definition: word Answer Type of word Translation twig bark Strip -stripped Tear up creamy Toss in poke clearing shiver stroke blades grass rooted scoop out depression hole uprooted butt grave 11) Interpret the scene: What are the girls doing? noun a) arracher b) espace dégagé c) mégot d) frissonner e) tombe f)caresser g) crémeux h) déraciné i) brin j) brindille k) herbe l) enfoncer m) trou n) écorce o) creuser - vider p) enlever q) enraciné s) jeter

verb

adjective

Why did they go the river in the first place?

What does it tell us about their friendship?

Look at the vocabulary in the passage. Which lexical field(s) is it connected with?

What do you think they are symbolically burying (enterrer) at the end of the passage?

What does it tell us about their friendship?

SCENE THREE: Chicken Little's death 13) How does Chicken Little die?

14) Why does Sula go up to Shadrack's house?

15) When she is there she experiences different emotions. Write a sentence about each emotion: At first she is afraid .................................................................................................................... However, she feels ............................................. when she sees the inside of the cottage since ..................................................................................................................................................... When Shadrack looks at her she averts her gaze as she feels .................................................... Finally, the shape of his hands makes her feel ........................................................................... 16) Contrast Shadrack's behaviour around town (page 62) with the appearance of his cottage.

17) What does Shadrack say to Sula? What do you think it means?

18) What remorse does Sula show at the end of the passage? Page 62-3.

KEY THEME: RACISM 19) The bargeman finds Chicken Little's body. The literary device of focalisation allows us inside the bargeman's mind. Find quotations to illustrate his racist attitude.

20) Contrast the two girls' behaviour at Chicken Little's funeral. Use these words to help you: - feel guilty – be filled with guilt – be afraid/ scared of something – be paralysed to the spot – be frozen with fear – sob -

21) Explain the following sentence: « the bubbly laughter and the press of fingers in the palm would stay aboveground forever. » (66).

22) At the end of the scene the girls are described walking up the road on a summer day and « wondering what happened to butterflies in the winter. »

Analyse this ending: - the girls seem to have recovered from the accident - they seem to be unable to forget Chicken Little's death - the butterflies symbolise their innocence - their innocence will die just like butterflies in winter - the girls shared a strong moment together

23)At the end of the chapter there is a sense of suspense as we wonder what will happen next? What questions are left unanswered in this chapter? Think about?  the accident

 Sula's belt

- what Shadrack says to Sula

24) LITERARY DEVICES Toni Morrison uses many literary devices in this chapter. Identify them and explain their effect: Example At the beginning a hill wind « lifted the hems to peek at their cotton underwear ». (49) The two grils walked « through this valley of eyes » to get to the ice-cream parlour. (50) When they see the men: « these smooth vanilla crotches invited them; those lemon-yellow gabardines (trousers) beckoned them. » (50) « They moved toward the icecream parlour like tightrope walkers. »(51) Device Effect on reader

Both Sula and Nel are described as « wishbone thin. » (52)

Her birthmark is shaped « like a steemed rose. » (52)

When both « twigs were undressed. » (58)

When Sula enters Shadrack's cabin she hears « the hinges weep. » (61)

« the hands of the women unfolded like pairs of raven's wings. » (65) Add two more of your own examples.