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Topic Needs and wants Overview G

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					What a First Grader Wants and Needs Patty Burchill Rockingham County Public Schools

Topic: Needs and wants Overview
The children will understand the difference between needs and wants through a series of lessons. The first activity will be the story Bunny Money where saving money for wants and spending money on needs and wants will be discussed. Second the children will watch a PowerPoint presentation using embedded movie clips from United Streaming. Finally, the children will demonstrate their knowledge of the difference between needs and wants using a template for sorting on Kidspiration 2.

Grade 1 Time Allotment
Three 30-minute sessions

Learning Objectives
On completion of this lesson students will be able to: • To express the difference between needs and wants • List their basic needs • Sort needs and wants using Kidspiration 2 • Some will be able to use the writing program in Kidspiration 2 to write complete sentences explaining wants and needs. This lesson addresses Va. SOL English 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.12; Social Studies1.8, 1.9; Computer/Technology 1.1

Media Components
• • PowerPoint presentation - attached Video: The Differences Between Wants and Needs , Discovery Education (2003), Retrieved March 14,2007. United Streaming. www.wvpt.unitedstreaming.com/index.cfm Segments Used: Segment 2 Wants and Needs (00:37) Segment 3 Basic Needs (00:32) Segment 4 Water (03:19) Segment 5 Food (02:02) Segment 6 Clothing (03:04) Segment 8 Clean Air (01:23) Segment 9 Money (00:38) Segment 10 Review and Conclusion (01:15) Classroom Computer Multimedia Projector Screen Teacher Laptop Computer Twenty Computer lab computers with Kidspiration 2, Inspiration Software, Inc. LaserJet Printer Page 1 of 6

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What a First Grader Wants and Needs Patty Burchill Rockingham County Public Schools

Materials and Student Handouts
• • • • • • Teacher created PowerPoint presentation - attached Pre-made Kidspiration 2 template about Wants and Needs page - attached Book-Bunny Money by Rosemary Wells Dress up clothes, purse, jewelry, and money for the students to act out the story Bunny Money - optional Large dry erase board and markers

Teacher Preparations
• • • Plan instruction for reading Bunny Money with good places to stop and ask questions about wants and needs. Download, preview, and cue video. Download PowerPoint presentation with the video clips from the United Streaming movie about Needs and Wants. Research and understand the Kidspiration 2 template about Wants and Needs and program.

Introductory Activity
Focus: Seat the students at the carpet area. Tell the students you are going to read the story Bunny Money. Ask the students to focus on what Ruby and Max plan to buy for their grandmother. Then ask them to focus on the things they Need and Want throughout the story. Activity: Read the story Bunny Money to the class. Stop at every point Max and Ruby purchase something and have students determine whether it is a need or a want. Follow-up: Record answers on a chart under NEED or WANT.

Learning Activities
1. Focus: Explain the difference between needs and wants. Tell the children we are going to watch some short videos about wants and needs. Write Needs and Wants on the dry erase board before watching the PowerPoint presentation. Pause and ask for predictions of things we might write under wants and needs. Do not write on the board yet. Activity: Start the PowerPoint presentation. Read slide one, “Needs and Wants…list some things we need to live. Ask the children to help make a list of some things we need to live. Take the thoughts from the children and write them under needs. Follow-up: Record all of their thoughts about needs and read over them before going to slide two. 2. Focus: Read slide two from, “We need”…ending with our “skin.” Switch to slide three and tell the children to focus on what we should choose first, needs or wants. Activity: Watch the entire clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-up: Pause when the clip ends and ask the children, “What should we choose first, needs or wants?” Turn to slide four and read about choosing needs first before wants. Spring 2007 NTTI Page 2 of 6

What a First Grader Wants and Needs Patty Burchill Rockingham County Public Schools 3. Focus: Turn to slide five and read it, “The difference between wants and needs.” Ask the children to focus on the things we need. Activity: Watch the video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-Up: What is the difference between a need and a want? 4. Focus: Turn to slide six and ask, “Why do we need water?” Ask the children to focus on why we need water. Activity: Watch the entire video clip. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-Up: Pause when the clip ends and ask the children to list some reasons we need water. Review the reasons we need water. 5. Focus: Turn to slide 7 and ask the children to focus on why we need food. Activity: Watch the entire video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-Up: Pause when the clip ends and ask the children to list some reasons we need food. Review the reasons we need food. 6. Focus: Turn to slide 8 and ask the children to focus on why we need clothing. Activity: Watch the entire video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-Up: Pause when the clip ends and ask the children, “What are some reasons we need clothing?” Does everyone need the same clothing? Why or why not? 7. Focus: Ask the children if it is hard to breathe when the air is dirty. Activity: Turn to slide 9 and ask the children to focus on why we need clean air. Watch the entire video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-up: Pause and ask the children to list some reasons we need clean air. Review the reasons why we need clean air. 8. Focus: Turn to slide 10 and ask the children to focus on whether money is a need or a want. Activity: Watch the entire video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Follow-Up: Turn to and read slide 11 to reiterate how money is not a basic need. This is a good time to pause for a discussion about how we use money to buy what we need, but it is not a need itself. 9. Focus: Tell the children we are now going to review. We need to focus on Wants and Needs. Activity: Turn to slide 12. Read the slide and make a list of wants on the dry erase board. Turn to and read over slide 13 and see if the children want to add anything else to the list of wants on the board. Turn to slide 14 and tell the children we are going to review wants and needs. Watch the entire video clip embedded in the PowerPoint. The clip will stop on its own. Spring 2007 NTTI Page 3 of 6

What a First Grader Wants and Needs Patty Burchill Rockingham County Public Schools Follow-up: Pause and review the lists on the dry erase board. Read over both columns one more time after the review on the PowerPoint.

Culminating Activities
Focus: In the classroom using the Multimedia Projector and teacher laptop. Show the children how to get to the Kidspiration template. Then show them how to get to the Wants and Needs template. They need to scroll on the way down to the last picture on the list. Show them the correct one and point out that it has six boxes and says, “Wants and Needs” below it. Demonstrate how the children are to use the graphics to show their needs and wants for lunch, on a cold day and a place to live. For the high achieving students, demonstrate how to get to the writing section to write sentences about their needs and wants. Click on the pencil and paper to get to the writing section. Activity: Take the class to the computer lab. Each student has his own computer. The students will use the computers in the computer lab to show with pictures their needs and wants. Ask the children to raise their hands if they are having trouble locating the program and the Wants and Needs sort. Circulate through the lab to help as needed. Follow-up: Ask the children to share what they made in the computer lab. Each child will have a chance to share their idea of needs and wants. Listen to their rationale of their decisions to assess their learning.

Assessment
• • • • Assess the Kidspiration 2 graph to see if each student understands the differences between Wants and Needs. Assess and discuss choices to make sure you comprehend exactly what the child was thinking with the choices they made. Assess the children’s answers during the PowerPoint.

Community Connections
Send supplies to the troops in Iraq. Focus on needs and wants. Have the children bring in toys they do not use anymore or clothes that do not fit anymore. Donate them to other children in need.

Cross-Curricular Extensions
Math • Make a graph of children’s wants. For example, “How many children want certain types of toys?” Science • Water is a basic need. Explore the different states of water. • Explore the different substances which will dissolve in water and what will not. Explore how using hot or cold water makes it easier or harder to dissolve different substances. Social Studies • Compare Wants and Needs of people today vs. people who lived during the Pioneer Days. Make a Venn diagraph of how things a similar and different. Spring 2007 NTTI Page 4 of 6

What a First Grader Wants and Needs Patty Burchill Rockingham County Public Schools

Adaptations
• • Higher achieving students need to write sentences about their needs and wants. Children could be paired together so students needing extra support could be paired with higher achieving students. This would assure successful completion of the Kispiration activity.

About the Author
Patty Burchill is a first grade teacher at Pleasant Valley Elementary School in Harrisonburg, Virginia. This lesson was written as part of the Spring 2007 WVPT NTTI for the Virginia Enhancing Education Through Technology Ed Tech Grant awarded to the Shenandoah Valley Technology Consortium (SVTC).

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