Hello and Welcome to the CUexpo 2005 University of Winnipeg Omni/TRAX Broe Quest Series for Global Citizens. It is a pleasure to be here to share with you the ongoing process that we’ve embarked on here at the University of Winnipeg in an effort to not only provide state of the art services to our students, but to also play a leading role in the revitalization of out surrounding downtown community. It is a natural fit in research and policy. Studies have repeatedly shown that any attempt to develop an institution without first considering the health and security of the community in which it resides is misguided, incomplete and likely doomed to failure. One of the most commonly emerging issues in regards to Urnbanization and the city environment is one of security. A while back I had the pleasure of co-authoring a paper on the vital issue and would like to share with you some of our observations and recommendations. (From “The Secure City” Vancouver Working Group Discussion Paper for the World Urban Forum 2006) Urbanization as an all-encompassing global phenomenon and any attempt to recommend effective actions to achieve a sustainable process of global urban transformation must balance social, economic, environmental and political goals. On a global scale, cities have become the dominant form of human settlement, socially, economically, environmentally and politically. The threats and forces shaping cities in the 21st Century are making it increasingly difficult for planning, policy and design models to respond effectively. Traditional pillars of urban security (security of the individual, security of the community and security of services and systems) need to become more responsive and resilient. The events that have followed September 11th 2001, superimposed onto an already fragile system, raise serious concerns about human security globally and challenge the goals of sustainability in local approaches to city design and governance. There can be no peace without freedom, and no freedom without security. We need to further explore the relationships between adaptive security, preventive security and human security. A secure city agenda should explore alternatives that advance current concepts for building capacity and creating more resilient design models, promoting integrated risk assessment that is responsive to community needs, and advocating enhanced roles for individual responsibility and community participation to expand social capital. We are living through an historic transition that is being fuelled by dynamic processes of change: population growth, rapid urbanization, globalization, environmental degradation, the development and spread of digital technology, and geopolitical instability. Problems resulting from the interplay of these processes affect the security of the six billion people who now inhabit the earth and the urban regions where most of the growth and development is taking place. Urbanization is not the cause of the problems but is rather a mirror reflecting them, and the city is a microcosm in which these processes and their impact are magnified. Although they are the place where human security is most deeply challenged, cities nevertheless represent our best hope for achieving the highest level of security for the greatest number of people. Throughout history, and across cultures, people have depended on the city for their safety, seeking protection within the ramparts and behind the walls. There was shelter from the elements, protection from the anarchy of the countryside, and security under the protection of those who were charged with maintaining public order. People were able to work in a variety of crafts that could thrive because there was a critical mass to sustain markets and foster economic diversification. Cities were places of freedom and liberty, where the escaping serf could challenge the rights of the feudal lord or the church. But this freedom had a price, and brought with it the responsibility to participate. Civitas – the governing ethos of rights and responsibilities through which citizens were expected to contribute to building the civil society, and ensure the security of the city. Citizens were free, but they still had to fight. *It is still very much the case today that civil society must have a voice in the type of city they want to reside in. Governments who make the policies and researchers who recommend them must provide a forum by which civil society, the very people who are most affected by urban policies, have an opportunity to take part in the process of urban planning and change. That is but one of the many reasons that I am so glad to be here with you today. As an Urban Academic Institution, at The University of Winnipeg we have endeavored to involve the community in every step of the development process of our campus and services. The “Spence Project” the process by which we are turning our urban ivory tower into an accessible and interactive community campus is a case study of community involvement. Borne out on necessity – space constraints, security concerns - It began with a plan to close Spence Street to vehicular traffic and to expand the services currently available within the University and make them available at street level. After six months ,numerous research projects and over two hundred consultations with the community we launched the University of Winnipeg Community Renewal Corporation (UWCRC) which was designed to deal directly with the community and based in part on their recommendations to investigate private sector partnerships to create new retail and office space In addition, new facilities on Spence Street will mean many existing University services currently embedded inside the campus can be brought out on the street for community use This encompasses : -plans for four to five hundreds units of housing, -information based educational activities utilizing wireless technology, -commercial development that would bring new stores, financial services and restaurants to the area, -and new university facilities to house an aboriginal education hub, -a global college and dialogue centre, -a new theatre for university and inner city school use, partnerships with CBC, -art gallery, archives and -museum to develop a history, heritage network, -major involvement in inner city schools for mentoring, counselling and -the development of summer camps for inner city children, expanded day care space, -a wellness and fitness centre tied into the Duckworth Centre designed for the growing need for preventative health care, and -an educational consortium that would advance the teaching of public education along the model in health of a teaching hospital. -Library and book store, to name just a few And here is where we are today: Educational Precinct Moving beyond the traditional view of downtown universities as financial resources and research facilities, the educational precinct is designed to provide a vehicle for integrating the skills, knowledge and experiences of university faculty, staff, students, community leaders, and local residents. This integration, in turn, is believed to offer a means to community development and an enhanced level of civic engagement. Including: • • • • • • Aboriginal/Inner City Education Global College Lifelong Learning Continuing Education Collegiate - Model School Inner City Children’s Camps – Arts, Science, WESMEN Basketball Skills • Science Outreach – 70 UW student volunteers • • • • • • • • 400 – 500 mixed housing units Wireless innovation Commercial/Retail development Inner City/Indigenous Education Global College/International Students Business Upgrading and Education Lifelong Learning New Facilities and Opportunities Out of this has evolved the Wii Chii Wa Ka Na Educational Centre in the downtown, anchoring the west end of portage avenue and providing a network of related university, community and business initiatives. • Southeast Resource Development Council (SERDC) • Centre for Aboriginal Human Resource Development (CAHRD) • Commitment to a broad range of First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations • More than 800 Métis, First Nations and Inuit Students (10%) • Aboriginal Student Services Centre • Aboriginal Governance Program • Aboriginal Transition Year • Aboriginal Flex-Major • B.Ed. in Aboriginal Languages • Aboriginal Teacher Education Program • Access Programs (UWEC/Continuing Education) • Inner-City Studies Program • Historica National Teacher Training Institute • Internship in Aboriginal Culture, Heritage and Artifacts: Partnership with Manitoba Museum to foster in Aboriginal youth heightened awareness and appreciation of cultural heritage Opportunity to work with Elders, curators and extensive collection of Aboriginal historical artifacts donated to University Internship to build capacity with Aboriginal students by developing museum techniques, cultural preservation and interpretation Wireless Corridor: a wireless Learning corridor- connecting the UofW, Red River College and the Aboriginal Centre- opening a broad band educational connection for use by our institutions but also available for business and community groups and will also help in - bridging the digital divide and -giving education students valuable practicum opportunities If I can move away from the technical application of Town and Gown cooperation for a moment, I’d like to give you an example of the “real world” significance of bringing together members of Academia, politics, and the community Quest: In an effort to further involve our community members in open dialogue the University of Winnipeg has embarked on a series of Quest Conferences to help address some of the pertinent issues affecting human security in the world today. These two day conferences present an open forum for members of Academia, Civil Society, and Government to come together and discuss issues of concern as well as outline areas of need and develop a course of action on how to best meet that need. To give you an example: Out of the first Quest conference that looked at Global Citizenship, the community told us that they wished for greater information and involvement in global issues. They felt compelled to try and make a difference in the world but didn’t know where to begin. In response to this we launched The University of Winnipeg Global College; -a place to focus on international issues, -educate students in global realities, -and engage the number of new Canadians in helping to make a transfer and transition to life in our community by language and support programs (certification, dialogue access). An example of the very valuable inroads that can be forged into the surrounding community can be found in the recent discussions that have taken place with the Lost Boys of Sudan. The latest Quest conference held just this past weekend looked at the issue of War-Affected Children. It was two day event that invited representatives of all three mentioned groups along with NGO’s and new Canadians, who had heartbreaking personal accounts to share. At the end of the conference, we invited the community to come forward and give us their recommendations for what needs to be done right here in our own community as well as on a larger scale. Out of their suggestions we have developed a list of deliverable services a few examples of which include: Educational Strategies such as Establishing a Summer Institute for teachers on needs of war-affected children Establishing ESL courses, I.T. training for war-affected communities Enriching services for war-affected students at UWinnipeg President’s Peace Education Fund Presenting opportunities for Lost Boys and Girls of Sudan and other war-affected youth, whose lives have been profoundly changed by conflict These individuals are capable of serving as ambassadors for peace Their future is to be supported in part by this new UWinnipeg fund dedicated to developing their human potential Technology: Establish web community on UWinnipeg website to link Diaspora, NGOs, government, academics and others Bring together information on services and resources already available Part of the Quest Conference’s agenda is to bring home the message that every voice is worth hearing and that we all have a responsibility in helping to make the changes that we wish to see in the world. In the spirit of such open participation the University of Winnipeg has posted the suggested courses of action to come out of the Quest conference, along with an open statement to the federal government on a Wiki” an interactive weblog that is open to editing by the community. This will truly be a fine example of a combined voice lobbying for change. Quest Wiki: http://wiki.uwinnipeg.ca/index.php/GlobalCollege Images of Spence/ Spence closure When I was foreign Minister, I was involved in the drafting f a commission report called “The Responsibility to Protect”. It is a revolutionary idea based on some very simple principles which state that human security must be paramount to national security. That when a government is incapable or unwilling to ensure the security of it’s citizens; or is in fact themselves the aggressors, than the international community has a responsibility to step in. As a University President in the Inner-city surrounded by a diverse community, as was made apparent at the Quest Conference, I have realized this responsibility begins at home.