The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar
The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law Issue 11 (Fall 2005)
Message From The Director
In last fall’s edition of The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar, we announced the establishment of a new LL.M. degree – the LL.M. in Comparative Legal Thought. I am now pleased to report further on one aspect of that program that has developed in the past year – Cardozo’s Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies. Students in the Comparative Legal Thought LL.M. program may choose to pursue a concentration in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies as part of their graduate program curriculum. The Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies was founded under the direction of Cardozo Professor Suzanne Last Stone, a renowned expert in Jewish legal thought and contemporary legal theory. This program recognizes and embraces the interest in the Jewish religion and religious studies more generally as emerging critical subjects in the legal academy. Indeed, there is a new appreciation of the riches that diverse legal, ethical, and religious traditions contribute to modern thought and of the importance of religion and law in global politics. In this new intellectual and political climate, constitutional law, political, and legal theorists are increasingly turning to Jewish law and its philosophical and religious underpinnings as a valuable resource for thinking about the idea of law, and its aims, aspirations, and horizons. Cardozo’s Program in Jewish law and Interdisciplinary Studies brings together scholars of varied legal traditions and fields, creating cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary dialogues that contribute a distinctly Jewish legal perspective on issues in law and culture. The program offers a wealth of courses in Jewish law ranging from traditional offerings -- such as Introduction to Jewish Law and Advanced Jewish Law -- to the more esoteric, including, in recent semesters, Authority in Jewish Law, Jewish Law and the Irrational, Justice and Judaism, The Jewish Political Tradition, Jewish Law and American Legal Theory, and Jewish Law and Contemporary Legal Issues. These are supplemented by a multitude of courses in legal theory and humanities-based study. Complementing the curriculum are a range of academic conferences, public colloquia, workshops, and other events that capitalize on Cardozo’s long-standing and well-deserved reputation as a center for serious intellectual discourse on Jewish law, religion, and legal theory. All LL.M. students at Cardozo are welcome to participate in the activities of the Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies – whether as an LL.M. student in the Comparative Legal Thought program or as a student with a primary interest in other areas of law who would like to enrich his or her studies by probing these issues of pressing current concern. For more information about this program, please visit http://www.cardozo.yu.edu/jlis/. Toni M. Fine Director, Graduate and International Programs
Inside This Issue: Message from the Graduate Law Society Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember Professor Bernhard Schlink on the German Elections Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the Director of Graduate and International Programs LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series Cardozo Professors and the Supreme Court Comedy Club Night An Object Lesson Public Service Auction Alumni Column New LL.M. Students: The Largest Class Ever Student News A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear Commencement 2005 Alumni News And More. Message from the Graduate Law Society Marie-Andree Weiss (France) Note from the Editor: Congratulations and thanks to all the Graduate Law Society officers - past and present – for their service on behalf of the entire LL.M. community. Cardozo School of Law has many clubs. Membership in one is not required, but it is a very interesting experience, especially for the foreign LL.M. students who thus have a chance to participate in a truly American tradition. A club fair took place early in September on the third floor lounge, and each club had a table, luring prospective members with cookies and promises of fun activities. LL.M. students have their own club, although J.D. students are more than welcome to join. Its name, the Graduate Law Society may induce images of wood paneled libraries and musty encyclopedias. Students meet every month at 6.00 p.m. sharp to discuss obscure points of law. Right? Wrong! Free pizza, free movies and where to find the best happy hour near the school are the matters of pressing concern.
Club officers this year are President Maria Fernanda (MaFe) Gallo (Colombia), Vice President Guillermo Nolivos (Venezuela), Treasurer Rodrigo Oviedo (Venezuela), SBA Senator Fahrid Sedaghat-Pour (U.S./Israel/Iran), and me as Secretary. A very special thanks to former President Sharon Herman, who decided to step down from office this semester. The GLS met with the incoming LL.M. class during their first week in school at the traditional fall semester cruise, then at Il Cantinero for the first “official” happy hour of the year. We watched the first movie of the year, My Cousin Vinny, while munching on snacks. On September 15, Toni Fine made it possible to host Judge Sidney Stein who spoke about “The Rise & Fall of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines.” The talk was followed by an informal reception in Room 1008. We had another happy hour event at Bar 13. Kelly Slavitt, a Cardozo LL.M. alum, very nicely accepted an invitation to discuss job search techniques with students during an informal brown bag lunch. All these events are a welcome relief from the routine of classes and reading assignments. New LL.M. students, often new to New York or even new to the United States, can get a chance to meet other students that may or may not be taking the same classes. The school allots a budget to every club, and the elected officers are in charge of spending it for the benefit of all members. We are always looking for opportunities to organize events with the other clubs in the future. Thanks to Rob Doerfler’s design work, the GLS may soon have its own t-shirts for members to wear proudly around campus. Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon! The Office of Graduate and International Programs is currently updating its alumni database. There are now more than 300 graduates of Cardozo's LL.M. program, which calls for new ways of making sure that all alumni can stay in touch as easily as possible. However, we do not have any current contact information for the following people:
David Brodie Deborah Drimmer Marijke van Ekris Russell Kaiser Athina Karamanlis Tamima Klat Anelys Koster Garcia Adam von Kreuzhof James Lovensheimer Shoji Otani Raviprasad Pisupati Jesus Jesie Sanez
2000 2001 2001 2002 2001 2001 2000 2002 2001 2000 2000 2001
system as well as all the fun and social aspects that accompany the program. During the classes, it was interesting to see the difference in cultures and legal backgrounds as they presented themselves during the many discussions with respect to the U.S. legal system. Those first two days, during classes, the foundations for friendships were laid and drinks in the evenings as well as lunches together followed. Wednesday we had our official orientation day, starting off with a nice breakfast in the lobby, followed by various introductory talks pertaining to the different services for students provided by Cardozo. After a big lunch together with the incoming J.D. students, we hopped onto classic yellow school buses and headed for the pier. There a nice tour boat awaited us with free drinks (!) and music, to show us New York in a way we had not yet seen. The weather was amazing, the atmosphere absolutely wonderful, and it turned out to be a great opportunity to get to know each other better, outside the setting of the law school. That evening, a bunch of us decided spontaneously to continue the party on Ben’s [Benedikt-Kim Biernath’s] rooftop, where we watched the sun set and enjoyed cold beers while looking at the view! On Friday, a large group of the LL.M. students walked to a cool pizza place near the law school, where we all had lunch together. After a great week, with a lot of knowledge on the U.S. legal system and a bunch of new friends, we started the first weekend with a happy hour rooftop party at Rodolfo’s [Rodolfo Vejar’s] house! Everyone brought something to drink and to eat, and we all agreed that being in school again really isn’t that bad…! One week had passed, and it felt like a lifetime… like we had known each other for much longer than that and we couldn’t imagine being anywhere else but at Cardozo.
If you are in touch with any of the “missing” alumni, please help us by sending an e-mail with their contact information to email@example.com. Also, we ask all of you to send us an e-mail with your own current information. Later this year an updated LL.M. Alumni Directory will be distributed to all alumni for whom we have current contact information. LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember Daniella Rudy (U.S./Netherlands) and Roi Tavor (Switzerland) As we stood there, looking around for any familiar faces or someone to cling to, we stumbled into the classroom that was filled with a mixture of excitement and a hint of nervousness. For many of us this was the first time back in a classroom after a long time of work experience. Some of us had never lived in New York City before. On that Monday, about 40 people from all over the world, who had never laid eyes on each other, were to embark on a yearlong journey that is called the Cardozo LL.M. program. Classes started with food and drinks, which always gets people into a good mood and managed to break the initial ice among the students and with the professor, Toni Fine -whom we immediately felt comfortable with and from that point onwards would take us under her wing and familiarize us with the U.S. legal
The Recent Parliamentary Elections in Germany: A Talk by Prof. Dr. Bernhard Schlink Daniel Zohny (Germany) By (intentionally) failing a vote of confidence in parliament, the German chancellor opened the door for early parliamentary elections in Germany this last September. The outcome took many, if not to say most, people by surprise, as the CDU/CSU (the Christian Democrats – Germany’s major “conservative” party -- was able to secure only a very narrow majority. The other major party, the SPD (Social Democrats), had been destined with a colossal defeat, but managed to clinch a result that probably will enable it to be part of the new governing coalition, although most likely without its figurehead, Gerhard Schroeder, as Chancellor. The surprising and somewhat confusing outcome of the elections was a great opportunity to introduce to Cardozo’s LL.M. students one of the great German Professors of constitutional law: Prof. Dr. Bernhard Schlink. Besides being a professor most probably known to every single German law student -- I can’t imagine anybody who studied law in Germany that did not come across his textbook on the basic rights of the constitution -- Mr. Schlink was an advisor to Germany’s last government and acted as its counsel before the Bundesverfassungsgericht, the German Constitutional Court. He is one of the foremost German experts in the field of constitutional law and therefore was the perfect speaker on the topic. Additionally Prof. Schlink is the author of several bestselling novels, of which The Reader, Self Punishment, and the short stories Flights of Love have been translated into English. Prof. Schlink explained in a very coherent way the political and legal implications that led to the early elections and the implications that the politicians had to deal with since election day. He especially explained the procedure of a vote of no confidence, its history and the lawsuit challenging its application with respect to this year’s early elections. Moreover he discussed the current problems with regards to forming a
new government and what he thinks will happen in the future on the German political stage. These insights into German politics and some of its legal boundaries were very interesting for the, in most part non-German, audience. It is a fortunate occurrence for Cardozo’s LL.M. community that an expert and connoisseur of the German political landscape as distinguished as Prof. Schlink is teaching here this semester and was willing to share some of his impressions of the elections with us. LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series As usual, graduate students are warmly welcomed to join the Burns Faculty Lunch Speaker Series. This semester, guest speakers included Sam Bagenstos (Washington University), Lior Barshack (Herzliya Radzyner School of Law), Michael Bratman (Stanford University), Patrick Macklem (University of Toronto), Chris Sanchirico (University of Pennsylvania), Manfred Schneider (University of Essen), Jane Stapleton (University of Texas), and Brian Tamanaha (St. John’s University). Professor Takenaka Visits Cardozo During the spring 2005 semester, Professor Toshiko Takenaka visited Cardozo and met both formally and informally with students. Professor Takenaka spoke about The Extent of Patent Protection in the United States, Germany and Japan: Analysis of Two Types of Equivalents and their Patent Policy Implications. She also graciously agreed to meet a number of LL.M. students for dinner at an Italian restaurant in the West Village. Professor Takenaka is Director of the Center of Advanced Study & Research on Intellectual Property as well as Associate Director, Intellectual Property Law and Policy LL.M. Program at the University of Washington, where she serves as the Hunter Simpson Professor of Law. She has also been affiliated with Waseda University and the Max-Planck-Institute in Munich.
Cardozo Professors as Supreme Court Clerks A number of Cardozo law school professors have served as clerks on the United States Supreme Court. On September 28, Richard Bierschbach, Marci Hamilton, Michael Herz, and Monroe Price gathered to discuss with students their experiences at the High Court. Professors Bierschbach and Hamilton clerked for Justice Sandra Day O'Connor; Professor Herz clerked for Justice Byron White; and Professor Price clerked for Justice Potter Stewart. The session, which took place in a packed moot court room, gave a rare glimpse into the life of a law clerk -and into the justices themselves. Professor Bierschbach led off the dialogue by discussing some of the kinds of projects that clerks work on. These include writing certiorari memoranda that are used by the justices in determining whether to grant a motion for a writ of certiorari; preparing bench memoranda; drafting opinions; being available to help with review of last minute appeals by death row inmates; and drafting speeches. Justice O'Connor often would provide a break from work assignments by summoning her clerks for an outing to one of Washington, D.C.'s many tourist attractions. Professor Hamilton focused on the level of professionalism that she observed when working on the Court, including Justice O'Connor's ever-gracious presence. Professor Hamilton also reflected on the fact that although clerks form an important part of a justice's team, each justice is very much in control of his or her own work. She also discussed the very different styles of some of the justices, for example Justice Stevens's penchant for footnotes; Justice Scalia's tendency to spar with his law clerk's about the issues before the Court; Justice Souter's tendency to research and draft (by hand) opinions by himself; and Chief Justice Rehnquist's terse writing style, with which he nevertheless managed to essentially decide the next five related issues that would come before the Court.
Professor Herz explored other aspects of the clerkship experience. He observed that, despite what many of us may think, the Justices themselves do not have a lot of personal interaction about their work; that the Supreme Court is largely a culture of memoranda rather than personal visits or even phone calls. Professor Herz also discussed a memorable case from his time at the Court in which Justice White ordered the stay of an execution that was about to take place in less than an hour. Professor Herz also recalled playing basketball in the gym directly about the Supreme Court's courtroom -- known as "the highest court in the land." Professor Price spoke about some of the differences he has noticed between how the Court operates today and how it functioned when he clerked for Justice Stewart. In those days, each justice had only two clerks -- now each associate justice is entitled to four clerks. During Professor Price's time at the Court, there were very few death penalty appeals. He also posited that the opinions themselves were very different, and had more of a journalistic or pragmatic focus than they do today. They were also much shorter and much more subtle than most opinions from more recent terms. All told, this session was an excellent opportunity for Cardozo students to get a glimpse into the life of one of the most exciting jobs any lawyer could hope for. Although Professor Bierschbach said that clerking is not really the lawyer equivalent of being a rock star, Cardozo’s former Supreme Court clerks seem to us to come pretty close to rock star status! Comedy Club Night Rob Doerfler (U.S.) Note from the Editor: Thanks to Rob Doefler, Gotham Club’s own host extraordinaire, for organizing the event and arranging to get the cover charge waived. A rabbi, a priest and a minister were walking down the street… Such is the start of many jokes. Far from being cliché, Gotham Comedy Club entertained the Graduate Law Society on
Tuesday, October 11, with a small battery of professional comics. The show was an All-Star line up, including Drew Fraser, Lenny Marcus and Michael Somerville with Jon Fisch hosting as the emcee. USA Today named Gotham Comedy Club one of the “Top 10 Places to Watch Stand-up Comedy” in the country, and it was Manhattan’s only club to make the list. Approximately 25 LL.M. students and their friends came to see the show. The club graciously waived the cover charge for the group and was pleased to have the Graduate Law Society back again this year. It was a great night to put down the books, laugh, socialize with colleagues and to have a good time. Calling For Interference Alon Margalit (Israel) Hurricane Katrina overwhelmed us all with the dimensions of disaster. Still, one may find some comfort, looking at the massive relief response. The immediate humanitarian gestures warmed the hearts. Also at Cardozo, students made donations to help and ease the growing pain in New Orleans and other areas affected. These initiatives put the American government’s late and hesitant reaction to the disaster in the shadow. However, they also raise some disturbing questions: Can we really count on volunteer activities, instead of on organized state actions? Can we allow spontaneous local initiatives to be more dominant and reliable than state operations? Can aid groups effectively substitute state institutions in “normal” times and in cases of emergency? The reports that followed Katrina leave us with a sad and annoying answer. Most of hurricane’s gravest victims were poor people. They did not own cars, nor could afford bus tickets to get out of New Orleans. Though everyone knew -- at least 2-3 days in advance -- that Katrina would hit, the poor people were left behind. Unfortunately, this extreme event proves that volunteer spirit and good will are not enough. Aid organizations lack the executive power,
administrative mechanisms and economic resources that the state owns. For this reason, a more substantial state interference is necessary. The concept should be that state cannot abandon its fundamental responsibility towards its people’s basic welfare. It must provide certain amounts of food, health, housing, education and social care. This legal and moral duty derives from the fact that the people agreed to assign their state with sovereign power and have agreed to follow its rules. Obviously, they expect something in return. Indeed, the exact portion of the state’s involvement is a matter of ideology and political priorities. However, there is a minimum standard that must be defined and guaranteed. In Israel, for instance, the Supreme Court recently ordered the Israeli government to articulate the minimum standard of “life in dignity” and to specify its content. The issue is still pending, but the basic idea is clear -- the state is obliged to take care of its people. Accordingly, they have a fundamental right to be taken care of. The above is also valid for a laissez-faire climate, or where one seeks to restrain state’s interference. The state should determine and adopt a minimum welfare standard. This binding standard would definitely allow its people to buy a bus ticket, when danger comes close. An Object Lesson Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.) Note from the Editor: A special thanks to Professor Eric Rayman for helping to organize this visit. Possessions can be defining: Fred Astaire carefully timed his steps to the tick of a curved Cartier Tank wristwatch, Coco Chanel used platinum and diamonds to accent her starstudded Étoile brooch, and Walt Disney kept wads of money safe in his Cartier money clip made of gold and enamel. Law students, on the other hand, have the Bluebook, which is not
exactly as luxurious as the gold and steel Hermès pocket watch regularly polished by the fabulous Marlene Dietrich. That is, unless you decide to smarten up your style manual with a few Swarovski crystals. Recently, domestic and international students from the LL.M. program at Cardozo School of Law had the opportunity to put their books aside -- gilded or not -- and marvel at the timeless objects gathered together at the Forbes Galleries in New York City. Located on the ground floor of the Forbes Building on Fifth Avenue, the Forbes Galleries lay claim not only to rare presidential memorabilia and historical documents, but also a huge collection of toy soldiers and antique boats. The Galleries also hold a number of prizes meticulously arranged in a grand trophy room and retain possession of the original Monopoly game, created even before Parker Brothers marketed it to the larger public. The Forbes Galleries are currently in partnership with the National Jewelry Institute (NJI) to present Treasures of the Titans: 19001950, an exhibition of nearly 100 enduring objects on view through December 31, 2005. The four major themes in the exhibition -Government & Royalty, Arts & Society, Sports & Entertainment, and Industry & Finance -focus on the successes of a small group of notables along with their individual pursuit and appreciation of the perfect object. The second half of the exhibition, Treasures of the Titans: 1950-2000, will be on view at the Forbes Galleries in the spring of 2006. For more information about visiting the Forbes Galleries, call (212) 206-5548 or visit forbesgalleries.com. And remember to leave your Bluebook at home. Public Service Auction Ewa (Domagala) Bridges (Poland) I had no idea how great the idea of the Public Interest Goods & Services Auction was until I actually participated in one during my last spring semester. This (13th) annual auction was held in our school on April 13, 2005, and was3 organized by the Public Interest Law Students Association. Its goal was to help students take unpaid summer jobs in public interest
institutions (working for judges, attorneys and non-profit agencies). I must confess, however, that what brought me to school that evening was not an impulsive desire to help my current students to follow their dreams, but purely selfish determination of getting something special for myself as a reward for studying hard in the past months. Of course, somewhere in the back of my head I had a thought that if it helps other people, that would make it even better. As I walked into the main hall where the auction was taking place, I saw rows of tables arranged without any specific order, and people listening to a live band. The hall was really crowded; people were walking around, searching for interesting items and placing their bids. I noticed many of my LL.M. colleagues gathered by one of the tables, and soon I discovered that it was the table offering Prof. Toni Fine’s homecooked dinner. The idea of silent auction was completely new and strange for me. Each bidder was supposed to write his or her name, phone number and amount of their bid on a special list presented for each item. An auction catalog as well as the tables presented a wide range of goods and services. Wynton Marsalis donated an autographed CD, and Eve Elsner gave the original card from her show, also autographed. For a moment, I was torn between getting four private tango lessons with Jeffrey and Beverly Blustein (my wedding was in a couple of months, and the tango option was at that point very tempting), or a prize of one month unlimited “Bikram yoga” (still with my wedding in mind). Ultimately, I decided that what I really wanted was a vegetarian home cooked dinner with Professor Toni Fine, with her “famous” cheesecake for dessert. The offer was so attractive (I think only the Bar Bri course draw similar attention) that by the time I decided to place my name on the list, the first page was already filled with names and bids. Some of my friends were forming coalitions in order to win this prize. I looked around and noticed Francesco [Bellman (Italy)]
and Daniel [Zohny (Germany)] standing still and observing the card, as well as Erica [(Ellis (U.S.)] and Sharon [Herman (U.K./ Nerherlands)] discussing their bidding strategy. I tried to form my own coalition by calling my girlfriends, but none of them answered. A few minutes later, I ran into another friend of mineRob [Doerfler (U.S.)], who after a short conversation pulled me aside and whispered: “Whatever you put, I’ll match you. Keep an eye on it.” Encouraged, I put our names on the list with a bid giving us a safe winning position. It seemed that everything would go according to our expectations from then on, but surprisingly, just 20 minutes before the end of bidding time, another LL.M. student, appeared. He quickly approached the table and placed his name on the list with a much higher bid than mine. Afterwards, he pulled out his cell-phone and talked in Russian for several minutes. When he finished he turned to me, gave me his most confident smile and stated: “I want this dinner,” and immediately added: “I have no limits.” Right there and then, I knew the situation would not be easy. We kept putting higher and higher bids: me and Max [Zaslavsky (Russia)], and again, me and Max. People around were cheering us out loud. Finally, there were only 3 minutes left. Rob, who was bidding on something else at the other end of the room, waved to me and yelled: “Keep bidding”. So I did. There was only one minute left, a man with a speaker was getting ready to end the bids, when, with all possible concentration, I put the last bid and …WE WON! Hurrah!!! On my way back home my great LL.M. friend Lorena [Vicens-Cameron (Spain)] called saying: “Ewa, I got all your messages, and I am 100 percent with you.” We all sometimes feel lonely in New York. That day I went to the auction to bring my mood up. Two hours later I had a perspective of having a nice homemade dinner with one of my favorite professors and my friend Rob. Not only that, but during these two hours of auction, we had real fun. And I knew I could always count on my friends. It was a great, exciting experience. Priceless.
From a Different Perspective… Shinji Niioka (2005 Germany (Japan)) After my graduation from the LL.M. program in intellectual property (IP) law in January 2005 and having successfully survived the NY bar exam at the end of February 2005, I received the one-time opportunity to get insight to the operational and academic world of Cardozo: I was accepted as the Research Assistant (RA) to Professor Justin Hughes, Director of the Intellectual Property Program, and to Toni Fine, Director of the LL.M. program. Being an RA is fun, especially for a person like me who studied and practiced law but never had the opportunity to see law schools and professors from a perspective other than as a student. Of course, you struggle with administrative and daily issues as you do in every job but you have tremendous advantages, and as a special amusement, you can eat chocolates or cookies after you have scanned their labels for the trademark classes… However, you have to be careful since some of them looked good but were too old to eat. The first and huge advantage I would like to mention is that you can deepen your existing knowledge and expand it new legal issues. For instance, I was asked to research the impact of U.S. discovery rules on settlements. I have especially enjoyed the opportunity to research copyright laws and cases from many different countries -- sometimes I have difficulties separating them. A highlight was the task to analyze the Japanese, German, Australian and Canadian cases equivalent to the U.S. Napster, Aimster and Grokster cases. After having read and analyzed the cases, you recognize that -despite all the mental and cultural differences-you find common sense throughout the opinions of all countries. Certainly, another big advantage is that you get to meet a lot of people. As an RA, I have been involved in organizing conferences, speeches, and symposia involving numerous professors, government officials, practicing attorneys, and in-house counsel. I have had the opportunity to
personally speak to WIPO, UN, and USPTO officials, professors in diverse fields and from all over the world, and partners and associates from small to big law firms. Furthermore, I met numerous J.D. and LL.M. students, and every time I meet new faces, I am very impressed by their motivation as well as their personal and professional achievements. The bottom line is that being a RA is an excellent opportunity to gain very insightful, fruitful and valuable experiences not only professionally but also personally. You also have nice “side-effects,” for example, you learn about wine labels and can make a sound choice when you next order wine at a restaurant! Individual Tax Liabilities vis-à-vis Global Corporations Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria) Citizenship: Jus Solis and Jus Sanguinis ascribe certain inalienable rights to the individual. Thomas Hobbes, in his magnum opus, Leviathan, posits the groundwork of the Social Contract: “The individual gives up some rights and ascribes them to the government in the furtherance of peace and security, who in turn regulate the affairs of state from the power invested in it by the individual or group.” The state in its role of governance imposes certain responsibilities and civic obligations on its citizens. The European Union (EU) is an association of sovereign states whose economic and political collaborations promote their collective wellbeing. Thanks to Double Taxation Treaties (DTT), EU citizens are able to cross national borders for work and residence without let or hindrance. However, this freedom has its limitations. According to Article 15 of the OECD model convention, the income generated by work carried out in one country (the work country) may be taxed in the work country, except where the employee’s presence in the work country does not exceed 183 days. For example, in the Netherlands, an employee may not be liable for Dutch taxes if he is present in the country for a period or periods not exceeding 183 days in a 12-month period and
the salary is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not resident in the Netherlands; and the salary is not borne by a permanent establishment which the employer has in the Netherlands. This rule is not applicable if the income is paid by, or on behalf of, a Dutch resident employer, in which case, the Netherlands will have the right to tax the income concerned. Employees working in the Netherlands through a foreign employment agency and hired out to a Dutch employer are liable to tax in the Netherlands from first day of services in the Netherlands. Information technology accelerates globalization. Its conduit, the Internet, cuts across the frontiers of nations and states. Conducting business in this age requires new sets of skills and very often, new laws or amendments to existing laws. Inadequate knowledge of tax laws can cause severe tax liabilities, debt, and in some cases rejections of fantastic job offers. Here is the case of Ms. Boots, a citizen of Great Britain. Although she benefited from the tax laws, they also created individual liabilities. As a resident in the Netherlands, hired out as an Information Technology consultant by a British company in England to work for a US corporation in Denmark, UK taxes were withheld from her wages. Unbeknownst to her, she was liable to pay Dutch taxes due to her Dutch residency. She was not liable for Danish taxes because her contract did not exceed 183 days. She was not liable to pay UK taxes because of her nonresidency status. Upon completion of the contract, she secured another consulting position in Brussels, Belgium for a Japanese firm through an employment agency based in Luxembourg. It was for an initial period of five months with the possibility of an extension. She was faced with the dilemma that the 183 days would be exceeded, which meant Belgian and not Dutch tax liability. Her immediate concern was to accurately pinpoint the tax liabilities. It is obvious from these complexities that the average person will require the services of a specialized professional knowledgeable in accounting and tax laws. She was advised by EU tax “experts” to register as an independent
contractor (notwithstanding the huge bureaucracy involved with registration) with the Belgian authorities and report only a portion of the earnings. The unreported portion, about 60%, would be sent to an offshore bank account in the Isle of Man (located in the center of the British Isles) or the British Virgin Islands, which at that time, she could not locate on the map. The ruse was that the money in these accounts would help settle any resulting tax liability. Although she gained considerable geographical knowledge, she rejected their advice and was relieved when her contract terminated in four months and liability deferred to the Dutch Tax Authorities. This nebulous nature of tax laws creates fertile ground for charlatans. The main point of this expose is to highlight the increasing importance of globalization, the accelerated flow of immigration and of transient or migratory workers creating a curious tribe of global careerists. There is a growing need for legal experts to serve as navigators through the labyrinth of multilateral tax treaties and the individual and corporate responsibilities they create. Are We Forgetting the Unforgettable? Shiri Torf (Israel) During the past month I witnessed two different, yet similar, incidents which eventually derived me to write this (by far too) short column: During a friendly conversation I had with a nonJewish acquaintance, I mentioned the Holocaust. I could see in her eyes that she had no idea as to what I was talking about. The second incident occurred when I visited a comedy club -- one of the comedians was telling a joke about the Holocaust, which I found very strident and obviously not funny at all. The worst part was – the comedian was Jewish! I could not help it but wander around for days thinking: Are we forgetting the horrifying systematically mass murder of six million of our brothers and sisters by the Nazis only sixty years ago? If I were to write this column describing the Holocaust (which I thought of doing at first), I would be causing the millions who were
murdered a great injustice. Beyond the fact that the Holocaust is indescribable, this is simply not the proper forum. As the granddaughter of a Holocaust survivor, I find myself asking many questions: After the survivors, who are the living memories and testimonies, are gone, will anyone remember? Is the subject taught? Are people aware of what human beings are capable of? What can we do to keep the memory flame burning? No one could ever explain; no one could ever atone; no one could ever really understand. The only thing we can do, is learn and remember. We owe it to the six millions, we owe it to ourselves. I urge you all to self-explore the Holocaust. The Israeli entity “Yad Vashem ”the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, has a website (www.yadvashem.org) that is a very good starting point. It includes a Holocaust resource center; Recorded testimonies by Holocaust survivors; The Auschwitz Album -- which is the only visual evidence of the mass murder at AuschwitzBirkenau; A new database of the Holocaust victims (you can look up names and add names of victims who do not appear on the database) and many other valuable resources. Let us not forget. Alumni Column Kelly Slavitt (U.S. 2003) Note from the editor: This is the first in what we hope will be a regular feature of the Cardozo Sidebar. We are looking for LL.M. alumni to write columns for future issues of the LL.M. newsletter. Please contact the Director of Graduate and International Programs if you would like to contribute to the Alumni Column of a future edition of The Sidebar. It was because of the reputation of Cardozo’s LL.M. program in intellectual property law that I decided to go back to school after practicing law for 3 years as an IP associate in New York City and in Australia. Technology was making the world a much smaller place, and the ideal location of New York City was making the job market much more competitive – so I quickly
realized I needed stronger IP skills than I was gaining on the job. A couple of things I did during my J.D. program (in addition to a lot of networking!) really helped me land the job of my dreams after graduation in 1999: The first was writing papers that could be entered in writing contests, and later published or used as writing samples for prospective employers. The second was participating in internships where I could learn valuable job skills that I could demonstrate to prospective employers and discuss on interviews. I decided to apply this same model to my LL.M. studies. I struggled to select my classes because I wanted it all: classes that filled “gaps” in my IP knowledge, expanded areas where I already had limited knowledge, and courses in which I could write papers. And I wanted to do internships. Cardozo enabled me to do everything I wanted to do. I wrote two papers for classes in my first semester. During the first semester, I learned about the option to write a thesis. I was fortunate that Justin Hughes agreed to be my faculty advisor, and that I had the opportunity to be able to learn from someone with so much grey matter! Writing the thesis was extremely challenging, particularly with the short timeframe, and there were many times I did not think I would finish it before graduation or that it would fall well short of the required page limit. Those first two papers were published shortly after graduation and the thesis will be published soon. I also did two internships. The first semester a professor mentioned that the New York State Attorney General’s Office was looking for someone to work in the Internet Bureau, and I was fortunate to land that internship. The second semester I worked with the Career Center to find an internship that would expand my skills where I could work with a leader in the industry: I found that at Kate Spade, working for a Cardozo alum.
Armed with my LL.M. degree in IP law, good grades, several papers about to be published, and a new skill set gained from my internships, I landed a job at a New York City law firm as an IP Associate in a very difficult job marked in 2003! When I decided this year to move inhouse, I had the skills necessary to be hired as counsel at my favorite cause – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) – at a time when they were relaunching their trademark/brand which will be 140 years old next year. Although obviously not predicted, the company now also faces numerous legal issues related to its efforts the disaster relief efforts in the Gulf Coast Region following Hurricane Katrina. Keep me, and the ASPCA, in mind when you think about your next internship because I hire many legal interns each semester! Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the Director, Graduate & International Programs Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria) and Bisola Osho (Nigeria) BE and BO: We know that you were in Nigeria for one week. What took you there? TMF: I was very fortunate to have been invited by the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Consulate in Lagos to travel to Nigeria to discuss rule of law issues. The official program is the U.S. Speaker and Specialist Program, which is part of the Fulbright program. BE and BO: Where in Nigeria did you visit? TMF: I was in and around Lagos. Unfortunately, I did not have the opportunity to visit Abuja, which as you know is now the capital. The U.S. embassy has recently relocated to Abuja. But Lagos remains the commercial capital of the country. BE and BO: Did you give any lectures at universities? TMF: I lectured at Obafemi Awolowo University in Ife, about a two-hour drive from Lagos city; Babcock University, also about two hours by car; and at the Lagos Business School, which is part of the Pan-African University. I also
lectured at a meeting of the Concerned Professionals in Lagos and at the American Corner in Ibadan -- also about two hours away – which is housed in the Nigerian Society for Information, Arts & Culture. BE and BO: How did you travel within Nigeria? TMF: As a visitor sponsored by the consulate, I was driven around in consulate vans. We also had an escort van when we traveled outside of Lagos city. BE and BO: Did you feel nervous at all about your personal security? TMF: I was a little nervous before I went, but not once I was there. We hear lots of stories about violent crimes in Nigeria but I did not sense it at all. Of course, I was well protected at all times! But to be honest, I was advised to not walk around at all by myself. I missed that aspect of exploring a new place. BE and BO: Did you get any press coverage during your visit? TMF: Yes. I was actually surprised and delighted by the level of interest generated by my visit. The consulate hosted a press conference for me at their offices, which about 20 journalists attended. I met a few other journalists during my stay, and there were some articles in Nigerian papers. I also taped a segment for a television talk show with Pat Utomi, which I was told will be aired shortly. BE and BO: You met Pat Utomi? TMF: Yes, Dr. Utomi is one of the founders of the group of Concerned Professionals that sponsored one of my talks. He is also a member of the faculty of the Lagos Business School. BE and BO: The American Corner was set up by the U.S to inform and educate Nigerians about the U.S. In your opinion, is this effective? Is there adequate access to these facilities? Are there plans for more of these facilities in various parts of Nigeria? TMF: I think the idea of an “American Corner,” which is exactly for the purpose you describe, is a great one. I don’t know if the U.S. government plans to have more of these
centers around Nigeria – or for that matter elsewhere – but I think they are a great way for the United States to bring some educational resources to people in more remote areas, so I hope that there will be more such centers, especially in developing countries. My lecture was very well attended and the Ibadan center seems to host a lot of lectures on topics of interest. I was also impressed with the facilities – especially the library. Immediately upon my return home, I sent a copy of my book on the American legal systems as a donation to that library. BE and BO: What impressed you most about the Nigerian people? TMF: I thought that they were incredibly friendly and warm. Of course I know that from the students I have had from Nigeria, but I was pleasantly surprised to find that the country is full of warm and delightful people! BE and BO: And the weather? TMF: Warm, and less delightful! BE and BO: Did you meet the ambassador? TMF: No, I did not. Since the U.S. embassy moved to Abuja, the ambassador is no longer stationed in Lagos. But I was very fortunate to have had the opportunity to meet Brian Browne, the Consul General. He has been in Lagos for a number of years and seems to understand many of the problems currently facing Nigeria. BE and BO: What would you say some of those problems are? TMF: There seems to be a lot of concern right now about democratic rule of law. There seem to be many Nigerians who believe that there is some corruption in the upper levels of the government, and that the last elections were not necessarily transparent or fair. BE and BO: What were your impressions? TMF: I certainly don’t know enough about Nigeria or its political system to make judgments, but I was very impressed with those I met, among them many great intellectuals,
who are committed to securing a better future for the country. There are a great many highly intelligent people who are dedicated to moving Nigeria forward. BE and BO: What else? TMF: There is enormous wealth disparity in Nigeria, and you feel that immediately, just driving into town from the airport. It is in many ways a privilege to talk about rule of law issues when there are so many people struggling just to survive. But the hope is that along with good governance including public transparency and accountability, some of Nigeria’s great natural wealth can finally reach her people. BE and BO: Can you elaborate more on these people you met? TMF: I met so many wonderful people! I would have to say that the Concerned Professionals was a particularly impressive group that was organized largely in reaction to the annulled 1993 elections, and is composed of working professionals committed to democracy, good governance, and the rule of law. In addition to Dr. Utomi, other members that I met included Professor Yemi Osibajo, Lagos State Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice; Professor Akin Oyebode from the University of Lagos, who received his LL.M at Harvard; and Chief Mike Ozekhome, who runs a civil rights law firm in Lagos. It was an enormous honor to be in the company of such passionate people and such eloquent speakers. BE and BO: How do the chances seem? TMF: I was asked the same question at the press conference, and I told the reporters that I think that Nigeria is off to a great start, after being hindered in its efforts to secure good governance, first by many years of colonization and later by decades of military rule. Certainly more can be done, and the fact that many people are frustrated with the current situation and are talking about ways to improve things gives me great hope for the future.
BE and BO: Will you have any continuing contacts in Nigeria? TMF: I certainly hope to keep in contact with many of the wonderful people I met there, yes. Some of that has already started. Also, Babcock University is interested in starting up a law faculty in the very near future. I would be very happy to be part of that endeavor, and have offered to assist in any way possible. BE and BO: What is your advice to any American legal expert considering visiting Nigeria? TMF: I would absolutely encourage others to go! I found it enormously rewarding, and I think that was in large part because not too many western legal experts make their way to Nigeria, so I felt that my audiences were particularly appreciative and eager to learn. Nigeria is at such a critical moment now with the future of democratic rule of law literally hanging in the balance. There is so much at stake and, I think, a real potential for making very positive changes. So I would urge people to go and allow others to learn from our shared experiences. BE and BO: What was your perception of the Nigerian “fourth Estate of the realm” and its freedom, judging from your “meet the press” experiences? TMF: Some members of the press did indicate that there were limits to their freedom, and the issue of a free and independent press was a theme of my rule of law talks. But I was pleasantly surprised that the papers did report incidences of official misconduct and other issues of concern. I was also happy to see that there was a robust dialogue in the press and otherwise about rule of law and governance issues. Still, there is of course room for improvement, and some of the representatives of the press that I met with were clearly frustrated by not enjoying as much independence as their Western counterparts. BE and BO: You talk with candor about the developmental setbacks resulting from the Nigerian military regimes, did you get a sense that this was a subject for open discussions?
TMF: Yes, I did. Of course, as an outsider, that probably was a lot easier for me than for others. I don’t know if Nigerian people who are outspoken face any risks. I did meet a large number of outspoken people – including members of the press, of the faculty and senior administration at the universities, of Concerned Professionals – who seem to be driven by a genuine desire to see Nigeria live up to her potential. BE and BO: Considering the diversity of the Nigerian peoples, did you experience any incidents of culture shock? TMF: Surprisingly, I did not. I know that ethnicity is a major issue in Nigeria but I was not really aware of it from my daily contact with people I met. But ethnic conflicts, including those involving the police, were often reported in the press. I was struck by the fact that it did not seem strange at all to be the only white person in a large lecture hall, for instance. The issue of race, which looms so large in so many places, seemed to me to be a non-issue. In terms of culture shock, I had some difficulty understanding some accents – but I think that some people also had difficulty understanding my New York accent! BE and BO: Due process and the rule of law being the focal point of the talks you gave, did you get a sense that these were theoretical abstractions, imminent realities, or existing conditions? TMF: A little of all three, I would say. The Nigerian Constitution and basic laws embrace many democratic principles, and Nigeria is signatory to many of the great international treaties that promote democracy and equality. So the groundwork certainly is there. On the other hand, the reality is somewhat different. There are probably a few areas in which many would say that those promises amount to little more than theoretical abstractions. And I think – and I know that there are those that share this notion – that there is a real possibility for positive change in Nigeria. A lot will depend on the next elections, whether they will be fair. There are people who want to run for public
office and implement transparency and accountability and other elements of good governance that are being discussed. A lot will depend on whether the judiciary can achieve true independence and enforcement powers. And a lot will depend on privacy rights. Certainty in ownership and transparent market entry regulations will mean more investment in Nigeria, which in turn will generate employment opportunities so that some resources can flow down to the people whose needs are greatest. BE and BO: What about the food? We hope that you explored some of our traditional dishes. TMF: I did not get to try much in the way of traditional dishes. I am a vegetarian, which unfortunately made that difficult as many dishes seemed to be meat-based. I did try yam chips with hot sauce, which is probably not very traditional, but I loved them! BE and BO: Did you get to have any fun while in Nigeria? TMF: I had fun during the entire week! But in addition to the formal working aspects of my visit, the consulate hosted a cocktail reception in my honor, which was absolutely delightful. On my last day in Nigeria, I finally got to do a little shopping. My escort told me that I am an excellent bargainer! BE and BO: Given the brevity of your stay and the fast pace of your schedule of activities, did you get to explore the countryside for leisure, like visiting game reserves, boating on the lagoon, etc? TMF: No, and that was probably the biggest disappointment – not to have experienced any of the natural beauty that I know exists in Nigeria. On my next visit, though, I will definitely plan to make time to do some of these things. BE and BO: Thank you so much for your time and we are glad that you enjoyed your visit to our country!
Welcome to Our New LL.M. Students: The Largest Class to Date! This semester, we welcomed a record fortyseven new LL.M. students to Cardozo. They join the approximately twenty-five students returning from prior semesters. We also welcome two visiting exchange students. As can be seen from the biographical information that follows, Cardozo’s newest graduate students are remarkably diverse (coming from 25 countries) and talented. We welcome each and every one of these students to our LL.M. community! David Amanou (France) Intellectual Property Mr. Amanou received his law degree from the University of Paris (Pantheon-Sorbonne), and studied U.S. law at the University of Paris – Cergy. He worked at several law firms in Paris. In addition to English and French, Mr. Amanou speaks Hebrew. Aissatou M. Bah (Guinea) General Studies Our first student from Guinea, Ms. Bah is a graduate of the University of Conakry, where she received a degree in business law. She also received a certificate in international private law from the Hague Academy of International Law. Ms. Bah has worked as a clerk in the appellate division of the Guinea courts and at a law firm in Conakry. Since moving to the United States, Ms. Bah has been a French teacher, an assistant in publishing and marketing, and, most recently, an international student advisor at the Spanish-American Institute. She is also the Director of Communications of the African Diaspora Education Society (ADES), a not-for-profit organization. Ms. Bah speaks English and French. Alexander Clemens (Germany) Intellectual Property Mr. Clemens is a graduate of the University of Trier, where he passed his first German state exam. Mr. Clemens has done internships at law firms in New York City and in Germany and with the District Court in Trier. He has also
worked in the communications office of Palais E.V., a non-profit organization to support young people. Edyta K. Czaplicka (Poland) General Studies Ms. Czaplicka most recently was a legal assistant at a law firm in Brooklyn. In her native Poland, she also worked at Eastern Sugar Industry Bank of Lublin, at Kaczmarski Capital Group, and Allianz Polska. In addition to English and Polish, Ms. Czaplicka speaks some French. Ms. Czaplicka learned about Cardozo from our current student Ewa [Domagala] Bridges (Poland). Alessandro Dardano (Italy) General Studies A graduate of the law faculty at La Sapienza in Rome, Mr. Dardano also studied at Utrecht University as part of the Erasmus student exchange program. He has worked at a number of law firms in Rome. Mr. Dardano learned about Cardozo from his friend Nicola Tasco (Italy 2004). S. Belinda Enoma (U.K. (Nigeria)) General Studies Ms. Enoma received her LL.B with honors from the University of Central England, Birmingham. She has worked at Debevoise and Plimpton, New York, and the Crown Prosecution Service, London. She has also spent a number of years as an Information Technology Consultant doing software development and quality assurance for various firms including Pricewaterhouse Coopers, SONY IT, VNU and Medtronic in a number of cities including Zurich, Brussels, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Hamburg. Ms. Enoma also has a working knowledge of Dutch and German. Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.) Intellectual Property Mr. Forgione received his law degree in June 2005 from Cardozo School of Law, where he concentrated his legal education in intellectual property law and took specialized coursework in constitutional law and rights. During law school, Mr. Forgione was the managing editor of Cardozo Studies in Law & Literature and a
member of the Intellectual Property Law Society, the Sports & Entertainment Law Students Association, and Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity, Int’l. Mr. Forgione worked as a research assistant for Professor E. Nathaniel Gates and he interned in the legal department at Kate Spade LLC. He is currently working as a legal intern at 7 For All Mankind LLC. A member of Phi Beta Kappa, Mr. Forgione holds a B.A. cum laude in Sociology from the University Honors Program at Hofstra University. He is a member of Golden Key International Honor Society, Phi Eta Sigma National Honor Society, Alpha Kappa Delta, International Sociology Honor Society, and Pi Gamma Mu, International Social Science Honor Society. As an undergraduate, Mr. Forgione studied Italian and Comparative Literature in Italy and he began his legal career working as a summer assistant in the legal department at Home Box Office (HBO). Mr. Forgione has also worked as an editorial intern at Esquire Magazine, Gotham, Hamptons, and Los Angeles Confidential Magazines, and Surface Magazine, and he has done freelance work for several other media outlets in New York City. Polina L. Goldenberg (U.S.) Intellectual Property Ms. Goldenberg is a graduate of Hofstra School of Law, holds a doctor of pharmacy from Midwestern University Chicago College of Pharmacy and a B.S. in pharmacy from Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science. She has worked at a number of law firms in New York and Florida. A licensed pharmacist in Arizona, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, she has worked as a pharmacist at a number of concerns. In addition to English, Ms. Goldenberg speaks Russian. Anastasiya Goldin (Belarus) General Studies Our first student from Belarus, Ms. Goldin is a graduate of the law faculty of the International University in Minsk, where her studies focused on criminal and corporate law. She also holds a masters degree in criminal justice from John Jay College. Ms. Goldin has worked as a legal assistant at a law firm in New York and as a financial representative assistant at the
Guardian Insurance Company, also in New York. Ms. Goldin was born in Vitebsk (the home of Marc Chagall) and has lived in the United States since 2001. Brian S. Goncalves (U.S.) Intellectual Property Mr. Goncalves is a graduate of the Quinnipiac University School of Law, where he was a member of the Moot Court Honor Society, winner of awards for best oral advocacy and Excellence in Clinical Work, and Student Bar Association Senator. Mr. Goncalves was an intern in the Connecticut Superior Court Complex Litigation Docket and in the Antitrust Division of the Office of the Attorney General, State of Connecticut. Mr. Goncalves holds a B.S. in Computer Science from Sacred Heart University. Judith C. Gross-Ruetimann (Switzerland) General Studies Ms. Gross-Ruetimann is a graduate of the University of Zurich School of Law, and also studied at the University of Lausanne School of Law. She worked for a number of years at Credit Suisse, first as a relationship manager, then as a recovery officer where she handled bankruptcy cases, and most recently as an executor and estate planning officer. Mee H. Hoe (U.K. (Malaysia)) Intellectual Property Dr. Hoe is a scientific advisor to Kenyon & Kenyon in New York City. Dr. Hoe held the same position with Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy in London prior to arriving in the U.S. She also worked as a legal intern and scientific advisor at Kenyon & Kenyon in New York, and as a research fellow at Memorial SloanKettering Cancer Center in New York and at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund in London. Dr. Hoe holds an LL.B. from Queen Mary, University of London, a Ph.D. in biomedical science from the University of South Carolina, and an M.S. in microbiology and a B.A. with honors in biology from the Illinois State University. Dr. Hoe has been awarded numerous grants from various cancer research organizations, and holds a number of patents in the U.S. and Australia.
Mindy E. Jones (U.S.) General Studies Ms. Jones most recently was a staff attorney and project director of the Legal Aid Service of Broward County, Inc., where her work focused on family law, particularly domestic violence issues. Ms. Jones was a judicial clerk for the Honorable Larry Turner, a law clerk at Entin, Margules, and Della Ferra in Ft. Lauderdale, and a legal intern at Virgil Hawkins Civil Clinic in Gainesville. Ms. Jones holds her first law degree from the University of Florida, from which she also received her B.A. in political science. Laurence S. Kao (U.S.) Intellectual Property Mr. Kao is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo School of Law, where he was Senior Articles Editor of the Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law, and Cornell University’s College of Engineering, where he received a B.S. in Operation Research and Industrial Engineering. Mr. Kao was a summer associate at Brown, Raysman, Millstein, Felder & Steiner, where he will be an associate upon completion of the LL.M. program, and an intern in the Taiwan office of Baker & McKenzie. He also was a founder and vice president of Syncomm Technology Corp., USA, and founder and president of Erolab, Inc. In addition to English, Mr. Kao speaks Mandarin and Taiwanese, and some Spanish. Osamu Koike (Japan) Intellectual Property Mr. Koike comes to Cardozo from the intellectual property legal division of Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., which is sponsoring his studies at Cardozo. At Fuji Photo, Mr. Koike specialized in patent, antitrust, contract, and tort matters. He has also dedicated to intellectual property related matters in collaborations with universities around the world. Mr. Koike received his law degree from Kyoto University and a degree from the Faculty of Economics at Yokohama National University. A musician, Mr. Koike was a rehearsal conductor at Yokohama National University and played in several trombone ensemble units and symphony orchestras in Japan.
Evelyn Konrad (U.S.) General Studies Ms. Konrad is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo School of Law, where she was a teaching assistant in the Securities Arbitration Clinic and a research assistant for Professor Halberstam. She had an internship in the Investment Protection Bureau of the office of the New York State Attorney General. Ms. Konrad also was a partner and chief executive officer of I-Route Traveler.com, chief executive officer of YourFinancialProfile.com, owner and chief executive officer of Evelyn Konrad Associates, and economics/financial correspondent for NBC Today. Ms. Konrad has a number of publications to her name on marketing and business matters, and she has published a novel and several profiles and short stories in consumer and literary magazines. She also completed doctoral course work at the NYU Stern School of Business, and holds degrees in history and international relations from Stanford University. In addition to English, Ms. Konrad speaks French, German, and Italian. Allison H. Loehr (U.S.) General Studies Ms. Loehr is a graduate of the University of Tulsa College of Law, received a Master of Health Administration from the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and holds a B.A. in biology from Washington University. She had an internship with the Honorable Russell P. Hass and the Honorable Sarah Day Smith, both of Oklahoma. Ms. Loehr also held several positions with various health care providers. Manuel A. Madera (Dominican Republic) Intellectual Property Mr. Madera, along with Ms. Suazo Rivas, is one of our first students from the Dominican Republic. He is a graduate of Universidad Iberoamericana, where he was a member of his law school’s team at the Jessup International Moot Court Competition; the team’s memorials placed in the top 5 in the international rounds. Mr. Madera worked at several law offices in the Dominican Republic.
Fran Mady (France) Intellectual Property Ms. Mady is the founder and president of Clear Music One, a music clearance agency in New York City. Her work experience in New York City also includes serving as licensing manager for Zomba Recording Corp. and Zomba Music Publishing, a paralegal at Greenberg & Reicher, and legal coordinator for The Smiley Licensing Corporation. She also worked at a law firm and for an independent music label in her native Paris. Ms. Mady received her law degree with honors from the University of Paris V and studied business law at Baruch College. Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.) Intellectual Property Mr. Manevitz is a graduate, cum laude, of the University of Pennsylvania School of Law, where he was order of the coif, comment editor and associate editor of the Comparative Labor Law Journal, and recipient of the G. Newton Greene prize for excellence in Torts. He received his B.A. in English from Cornell University, where he was on the dean’s list, and had a fellowship in Talmudic studies at Yeshiva Machon Shlomo in Jerusalem. He has been associated with a number of law firms in New York City, including Dewey Ballantine, Pennie & Edmonds, Arkin Kaplan, Becker Glynn, Melamed & Muffly, and most recently Fross, Zelnick, Lehrman and Zissu. He was also an intern at the University of Pennsylvania Center for Technology Transfer and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Geetha Mannam (India) General Studies Ms. Mannam is a graduate of Andhra University CRR Law College where she won top academic awards for five consecutive years. Her thesis was on the right to live and die under the Indian Constitution, and her article on the rights of women under the Indian Constitution was published in the Law College Journal. Ms. Mannam also holds a master of laws from S.V. University. An accomplished athlete, Ms. Mannam was a national basketball player in India.
Alon Margalit (Israel) General Studies Mr. Margalit received his law degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He most recently worked editing a legal website, on which he published several articles, including pieces on copyright protection and employee rights. Before that, he was associated with Laniado & Epstein law offices outside Tel Aviv. He was also a teaching assistant at the Radzyner School of Law and a clerk for Judge Shitzer at the District Court of Tel Aviv. Mr. Margalit served in the Israeli Defense Forces for four years and he is currently working in the Security Division of the Israeli Consulate in New York City. In addition to English & Hebrew, Mr. Margalit speaks some Arabic. Flavia Mascolo (Italy) General Studies Ms. Mascolo is a graduate of La Sapienza law faculty. Most recently she worked as an associate at M.L. del Bufalo law firm in Rome. In addition to English and Italian, Ms. Mascolo speaks French. Viviana Mura (Italy) Intellectual Property Most recently, Ms. Mura was counsel for Codere Italia, where she was head of the legal office of Operbingo Italia. A member of the Italian bar, Ms. Mura also worked at several law firms in Italy and as an associate at the Madrid office of Estudio Juridico Serrano Internacional. Ms. Mura is a graduate of La Sapienza law faculty and received a master in corporate law from University of Rome III. She also studied at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid as part of the Erasmus student exchange program. Ilan Nordmann (Switzerland) General Studies Mr. Nordmann most recently was an associate with Reber Rechtsanwalte in Zurich. He also had an internship with Wuersch & Gering in New York. Mr. Nordmann taught Jewish Studies and is a member of the board of the oldest Jewish sports club in Switzerland. A graduate of the University of Zurich Faculty of Law, Mr. Nordmann also studied at the University of Fribourg and at Yeshivat Har
Etzion in Israel. A member of the Swiss and Zurich bar associations, Mr. Nordmann speaks English, French, German, and Hebrew. Mr. Nordmann is the cousin of Dr. Philippe Nordmann (Switzerland 2003). Contessa E Nyree (U.S.) Intellectual Property Ms. Nyree is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo School of Law, where she was senior symposia editor of the Cardozo Public Law, Policy, and Ethics Journal. She received her B.S. in biochemistry and political science from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and is a member of the patent bar. Ms. Nyree had internships at Wolff & Godin, at the City of New York, Conflict of Interests Board, and with the Honorable Howard A. Ruditzky of the Supreme Court of New York. In addition to English, Ms. Nyree speaks some Spanish. Bisola Osho (Nigeria) Intellectual Property Ms. Osho is a graduate of the Lagos State University, where she received her LL.B. with honors and where she was the recipient of the Chief Gani Fawehinmi Scholarship. Since moving to the U.S., Ms. Osho has worked in a law-related capacity at Pfizer Pharmaceuticals; Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld; New York Legal Assistance Group, Immigration Unit; and at Davis Wright Tremaine, where she is currently employed. Georgiy D. Pavlenishvili (Ukraine) General Studies Mr. Pavlenishvili received his first law degree from Odessa National Academy of Law in the Ukraine and an MBA from Lubin School of Business, Pace University. Most recently, he was Assistant Vice President at Citigroup in New York. He also worked at law firms in New York and the Ukraine. In addition to English and Ukrainian, Mr. Pavlenishvili speaks Georgian and Russian. Patricia A. Perez (Chile) General Studies Our first LL.M. student from Chile, Ms. Perez holds her law degree from Catholic University in Santiago. She also holds an associate degree
in Applied Science – Legal Assisting from Hudson County Community College. Ms. Perez was a paralegal at the International Institute of New Jersey, legal advisor and translator for the Chile Club, a legal assistant for an attorney in New Jersey, an attorney at the Provisional National Institute and at Odeplan-Planning and Urban Development, both in Chile, and a teacher in the public schools in Bayonne, New Jersey. Ananga S. Ponniah (U.K. (Malaysia)) Intellectual Property Ms. Ponniah received her law degree, with honors, from the University of London. She has been living in Portland, Oregon, where she has been a logistics specialist for Nike International. Prior to that, she worked in her native Malaysia as an English lecturer at the University Technology MARA and as assistant program manager for Destination Marketing. She has been a volunteer at a Legal Aid Office in Oregon and for violence against women’s project of the attorney general’s office. She was also a reporter and a lead dancer for the Sutra Dance Company and the National Dance Theatre in Malaysia. Ms. Ponniah’s studies are sponsored in part by the Sunshine Lady Foundation. Laurynas Ramuckis (Estonia/Lithuania) Intellectual Property Our first student from either Estonia or Lithuania, Mr. Ramuckis is a graduate of the International University Concordia Audentes in Tallinn, Estonia, the only law school in the Baltic region to have a curriculum taught exclusively in English. Mr. Ramuckis’s experience includes working at Florida Prata and SupraLaw in Estonia. In addition to English and Lithuanian, Mr. Ramuckis speaks Russian and some French and Spanish. Samuel A. Reed (U.S.) Intellectual Property Mr. Reed is a graduate of the University of Tennessee College of Law and the University of Miami, where he received his B.A. in film production and political science. He was a summer clerk at Loeb & Loeb in Nashville. Mr. Reed also has a number of film production and
acting credits. Mr. Reed was born in England but became an American citizen in 2001. Daniella M. Rudy (Netherlands (U.S.)) General Studies Born in the U.S., Ms. Rudy grew up in the Netherlands, where she studied at Leiden University School of Law. Ms. Rudy also received a diploma in international relations from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris. Ms. Rudy was a researcher at the Centre for Information and Documentation Israel in Holland and most recently had an internship in the Office of the Prosecution at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Ms. Rudy also taught Hebrew and Jewish History at the Jewish Community of The Hague, and was chair of a student organization that sponsored evens on the Israeli-Arab conflict. In addition to Dutch and English, Ms. Rudy speaks French and some German and Spanish, and was an avid rower. Santo Russo (Italy) General Studies Mr. Russo, a native of Naples, grew up in Venice, and received his first law degree from the University of Parma. He also studied at the law faculty at the University of Leiden as part of the Erasmus student exchange program. A member of the bar in Italy, Mr. Russo worked at several law firms in London. After moving to the U.S., Mr. Russo was the international business manager at Bio Development International in New Hampshire and most recently as account manager at First Indemnity Insurance Agency in Boston. In addition to English and Italian, Mr. Russo speaks some French and Spanish. Thomas G. Seccia, Jr. (U.S.) General Studies Mr. Seccia is currently an associate at Smith Mazue Director Wilkins Young & Yagerman in New York. Prior to his current position, he has been in the insurance industry for a number of years, and worked at Robert Plan Corporation for thirteen years, most recently as Director of Regulatory Compliance. Mr. Seccia is a graduate of Touro College law school and received a B.A. in economics from the
University of Richmond. He is also a Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter. Farhid Sedaghat-pour (U.S. [Israel/Iran]) General Studies Ms. Sedaghat-pour is a graduate of CUNY School of Law and Stern College for Women of Yeshiva University. Ms. Sedaghat-pour was a Thurgood Marshall intern at White & Case in New York, and had internships with the Queens County District Attorney and with several judges. She also worked for the Advocates on Behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States, and Eurasia in Washington, D.C. In addition to English, Ms. Sedaghat-pour speaks Farsi and Hebrew. Yusef Ziya Sentruk (Turkey) General Studies Mr. Sentruk is currently working at the Law Offices of John C. Akbulut in New York. Before coming to the U.S., Mr. Sentruk worked at Ernst & Young Legal Services in Istanbul. A graduate of the Law Faculty of Istanbul University, Mr. Sentuk also completed a certificate program in Contemporary American Business at Baruch College. Limerick Altagracia Suazo Rivas (Dominican Republic) Intellectual Property Ms. Suazo, along with Mr. Madera, is one of our first students from the Dominican Republic. A graduate of the Universidad Nacional Pedro Henriquez Urena, Ms. Suazo worked in several law firms in the Dominican Republic. She also studied Droit Francaise at the Caribbean Institute in Guadeloupe and has a postgraduate degree in civil procedure from the Dominican Bar Association. In addition to English and Spanish, Ms. Suazo speaks French. Antoaneta V. Tarpanova (Bulgaria) General Studies Ms. Tarpanova received her law degree from Sofia University, and did additional law studies at the London School of Economics and Political Science and at Robert Schuman University in Strasbourg. She worked at several firms in Bulgaria, and has also acted in
theatrical productions in Bulgaria and France. In addition to Bulgarian and English, Ms. Tarpanova speaks French. Roi Y. Tavor (Switzerland) Intellectual Property Mr. Tavor comes to Cardozo after having served as intern and advisor to the Ambassador of Liechtenstein to the United Nations. He has also been a teaching assistant to several professors at the University of Basel, from which he received his first law degree, cum laude. Mr. Tavor has worked as an attorney at law firms in Basel and Geneva, and he served as counsel to the board of directors of a private TV Station and as an intern at a court in DorneckThierstein Solothurn. Shiri Torf (Israel) Intellectual Property Ms. Torf, a member of the Israel Bar, received her LL.B. from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she was awarded the Zvi Berenson Scholarship for Excellence in Law Studies and Social Involvement. She served as research assistant to Professor Shimon Shetreet, former Israeli Minister, researching mainly constitutional and environmental legal issues. With several publications in English and Hebrew, Ms. Torf was awarded first place in a legal essay contest sponsored by the Society for Medicine and Law in Israel for her paper on Gene Patenting in Israel. Ms. Torf was Editorin-Chief of the Hebrew University Faculty of Law Students and Alumni Journal. Ms. Torf most recently worked for Ephraim Abramson & Co. in Jerusalem. Ms. Torf served for 2.5 years in the Israel Defense Forces where she reached first-sergeant rank. Ms. Torf speaks Hebrew, English and Arabic, and plays 7 different musical instruments. J. Rodolfo Vejar (Mexico) General Studies Mr. Vejar most recently was chief executive officer of Zentraf Cargo de Mexico, an import/export company. Prior to that, he was a legal trainee in the litigation department of Becerril, Coca & Becerril in Mexico City. A graduate of the faculty of law of the Universidad
Panamericana, Mr. Vejar represented his law school at the Vis International Commercial Arbitration moot court competition in Vienna. Mr. Vejar is the LL.M. Heyman Scholar in Corporate Governance. Sandra Vidal Pellon (Spain) Intellectual Property Ms. Vidal Pellon is a Ph.D. candidate at Cantabria University, from which she also received her first law degree. Ms. Vidal Pellon also holds an MBA from ESIC Madrid and Florida Atlantic University. Ms. Vidal Pellon most recently has been an assistant in the private law department of Cantabria University. She also served as an intern in the Office of Legal Affairs at the United Nations, and an attorney at a law firm in Santander. Catherine L. White (U.K.) General Studies Ms. White is a graduate of the College of Law and University College London, where she received a B.S. in chemistry. She has worked at BT Exact Technologies, Eversheds, and Blocks Solicitors. When she returns to London, Ms. White will be associated with Eversheds. Ms. White is also an accomplished poetry and fiction writer and enjoys sailing. Kathleen G. Williamson (U.S.) Intellectual Property Dr. Williamson holds a Ph.D. in Legal Anthropology and a J.D., cum laude, from the University of Arizona and a B.A., magna cum laude, from Northern Arizona University. During law school, Dr. Williamson was Associate Editor of the Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law. She is a principal in the Law Offices of Williamson & Young, P.C., specializing in criminal litigation, estate planning, and entertainment law. Prior to that, she was a judge pro tempore in the Superior Court of Arizona, on the CJA federal Indigent Defense Panel, Special City Magistrate for the Tucson City Court, and an adjunct professor at the University of Arizona College of Law. Dr. Williamson is also a certified mediator, a music producer, and a recording artist.
Benjamin Jay Wilson (U.K.) General Studies Mr. Wilson is an associate at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in New York. He served as a summer associate at the firm’s London office, and is qualified to practice law in England and Wales. Mr. Wilson held internships at Merrill Lynch and Credit Suisse First Boston. Mr. Wilson received his bachelor’s degree, with honors, in engineering and law from Cambridge University, where he was the Captain of his college Rugby Team and a member of the University rugby team. Larisa Zalevsky (Moldova) General Studies Our first student from Moldova, Ms. Zalevsky is a graduate of the Moldova State University. She has worked at the Law Office of Elzbieta Kurkowski in New York. Visiting Exchange Students Benedikt-Kim Biernath (Germany) Mr. Biernath is a student at the Bucerius Law School in Hamburg. He has also studied at El Camino College in Los Angeles, at Marylhurst University in Portland, Oregon, and in Seoul, Korea. Mr. Biernath just completed an internship in the civil and criminal law courts in Hamburg. He also completed a trainee program at the Deutsche Bank in Berlin and at the Midland Bank in London. Laurence Villeneuve (France) Ms. Villeneuve is at Cardozo under the auspices of the FIPSE-EU student exchange program in Alternative Dispute Resolution. She holds a master degree in human resources from the University of Paris II and an MBA from the University of Paris I. Ms. Villeneuve is the Director of Public Relations at the French Foundation for Political Innovation. She also served as a consultant to Medialex, where she was responsible for reviewing legislative proposals and new decrees and for relations with the European Court of Human Rights; Director of Communication of the French Association of Electronic Industries; General Secretary of Cooperel; Legislative Assistant to a French Parliamentary Deputy in charge of
legislative activities; and auditor of Institute for Higher Defense Studies (IHEDN). Ms. Villeneuve is also Vice President of Children of Asia, an NGO that organizes an educational assistance program for street children in SouthEast Asia. Student News Robert Doerlfer (U.S.) is Trademark Attorney in the New York City office of Kirkpatrick & Lockhart. Ewa Domagala (Poland) married Edward Bridges on June 15 in Krakow. Daniela Rojas Puszyn (Venezuela/Spain) represented the LL.M. program at the wedding. Daniel Iny (Canada) and his wife, Meg, are the proud parents of Shoshana Eve Stephens Iny, born in New York City on August 24. Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.) is a very proud father and husband: “Beautiful, holy, wholly wonderful wife: Julie Manevitz. Proposing was the best decision I ever made -- though aspersions have been cast at her judgment in deciding to accept. Incredible, astounding, stunning first child: Leah Sima Manevitz. Daddy's girl through and through. She's now just past two years old and very interested in just about everything. If you hear me on the cell phone enthusing about something potty-related, I'm probably talking to her. Stupendous, amazing, fabulous second child: Y. Aryeh Manevitz. Born in mid-August, he's about 11 weeks old now. If I seem tired at all, he's probably not the reason (since night time childcare is predominantly Julie's domain) but I'll blame him anyway.” A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear Vivian M. Williams (2003 Guyana) With his own practice launched, a young lawyer often feels like a ship that has set out on a transatlantic voyage. A turbulent feeling that rumbled within me was impotence to exercise control over the direction of the ship and uncertainty as to where it was heading. For many of us young lawyers who have set out on this journey, a
loud voice screams within, urging retreat while heightening fears. As I drifted from the harbor of law school into the harsh reality of private practice, I tried hard not to be Lot’s Wife -- not to look back, but the thought that I should stay moored to the frustrating and disenchanting shores of unemployment, hoping to be hired one day, wrestled me. I asked myself questions such as: should I satisfy myself with whatever offer I get and limits set by an employer, or should I launch out and fashion my own practice? Everyone wants to be hired by a large firm, and often the feeling is that you only get big cases if you work with a large firm. I made the decision that I wasn’t going to spend one or two years sitting and waiting on a large or medium size firm to pay me some attention. I believe in the quality of education I received at law school and I have confidence in myself, so I decided to press on into the world of private practice. While pressing on with this difficult journey towards the misty horizon of hope and fortune, my main companion was confidence. I took a lot of it with me. My major enemy was fear and there were strong fears that each step I took would take me on a journey to my destruction. When you contemplate starting your own law practice your first demon is the haunting thought of releasing yourself into the turbulent sea of hope, fortune, and misfortune, not knowing in which stream you may find yourself adrift. Many would shy away from private practice because of this battle between confidence and fear, but this battle could be the event that shapes your career and propels you to success. It may help you to identify your strengths and weaknesses. It may force you to make maximum use of your strengths and convert weaknesses into strengths. The battle between confidence and fear may also impose upon you the need to be thorough in your preparation and meticulous in your conduct. That was the impact fear had on me. I identified my strengths and made a list of areas of law that I could practice. I studied
common weaknesses of solo practitioners, and tried to ascertain what inspires growth in a law firm. I had to ask myself hard questions such as: Do I have the ability to market a business? Am I disciplined enough to manage a professional business? What other complimentary skills do I have? I started the evaluation with me and then looked outside of me to find out what other resources were available to me. Fear counsels thoroughness, discipline, and determination for those who rise above the odds. My First Experience The call requesting consultation came through even before I had fully launched my practice. I had casually announced my intention to some friends and was surprised that within a week I was receiving calls even while still harboring doubt as to whether I would move forward with the idea. It was a good surprise to start with but it immediately tested my preparedness. I prepared thoroughly for the first meeting. The first meeting with the client is very important; it may determine whether you are hired, seriously embarrassed, or cited for malpractice. I spent a lot of time preparing for it. I had to impress the client that I was competent to handle the case and that meant being able to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the case. The client hired me and I had to make the final decision whether I was going to pass on it our take it up as my first case. I prayed for something simple and insignificant as a starter but this case had someone’s house at stake. Because I had prepared thoroughly for the first meeting, I felt it was a case I could handle so I took it up. I now had to ensure that the facts and issues were thoroughly analyzed and researched. I battled fears of whether my career would be ruined if I failed to deliver the desired result, whether issues raised were already settled by the court, and what would happen if I were to lose. I know that lawyers can’t win every case, but for me, losing could tip the balance between confidence and fear. This case was not just about securing the desired result for the client. It had greater significance to a lonely sailor,
drifting against the tide of fear. If I were to win, my client would get to keep her house -- a huge victory to me. If I were to lose, the client would lose her house -- a huge blow to me. I battled the thought that a new practitioner should not take on such challenge so soon, but I answered my fears saying to myself; the road to success requires men to rise to a challenge -- not fall upon their knees in the face of it. So I put long hours into my preparation. Sometimes the thought “what if…” came upon me and I felt a chill running though me. That fear drove me to my client’s file, my computer or the library. My Day in Court Today is the day that my ship may hit a rock, suffer a puncture and begin to sink, or today could be the day that my ship is given a sail and the mist in the horizon begins to clear. Overwhelmed by the significance of the occasion, last night I hardly slept, so toady I am in court feeling drained, but I sit like an attorney who has been here many times before. The reality is that many new practitioners make their first court appearance with no one but their client at their side. There is no room for fear. Confidence must prevail. I had recognized the need to prepare my client for today. I made it my duty to address the “what if…” issue, and to explore the next step if things didn’t go our way. With the stakes high, Judge Jerome Feller walks into the courtroom and takes the bench. Case No.5 on the calendar is called. I clutch my file and rise, present my case and ask the Court to grant my motion. The Judge engages me in a moment of questioning; it seems merely to test my competence and preparedness. With confidence, and in a loud and clear voice, I reasoned with him, challenged him, and in the end he granted my motion, protecting my client’s house from the reach of creditors. That was a defining moment. A few weeks later, the United States Trustee who had administered the case called my office and asked that I take up a case for him. The ship,
now loaded with confidence and gathering crew, continues it journey. Commencement 2005 Cardozo’s annual commencement exercises took place on June 7, 2005, at the spectacular Avery Fisher Hall at New York’s celebrated Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Located on the upper west side of Manhattan, Avery Fisher Hall was a fitting culmination to the LL.M. program. The special guest speaker at the 2005 commencement was Eliot Spitzer, New York State Attorney General and New York State gubernatorial hopeful! Mr. Spitzer’s enormously inspiring speech encouraged the graduates to work hard and to help restore trust in public institutions. “There will come a time in your careers when your ethics will be tested,” Spitzer said. “I urge you to speak the truth in your heart.” Family members and friends looked on as 42 students received the Master of Laws degree: Ngozi N. Amobi (U.S.), Florian Bruno (Germany), Vilma Dedvukaj (Yugoslavia), Enrique Delgado Caravilla (Spain), Claudio F. Di Blasi (Italy), Vesselin M. Dittrich (Bulgaria), Erica M. Ellis (U.S.), Janet O. Fashakin (Nigeria), Jordan Garner (U.S.), Aneta Grabowska (Poland), Veronica Gutierrez (Mexico), Petra Hansmersmann (Germany), Steffen Hemmerich (Germany), Zhen Huang (P.R. China), Seonkwon (“Sean”) Kim (Korea), Robert B. Kleinman (U.S.), David Krell (U.S.), Yossi Kurzberg (Israel), Menachem Levoritz (U.S.), Yaron Lubetzkey (Israel), John J. Martinez (U.S (Colombia)), Elvira Marzano (Italy), Ken Matsuzaki (Japan), Agnes (“Lili”) de Monseignat (France), Charles E. McKeen (U.S.), David Moya (Spain), Shinji Niioka (Germany (Japan)), Szilvia Patkai (Hungary), Daniel S. Peretz (U.S.), Claudia Poernig (Germany), Dina Raewel (Switzerland), Ludwig von Rigal – von Kriegsheim (Germany), Maria Rubinos (U.S.), Alissa N. Shapiro (U.S.), Matthew J. Solow (U.S.), Enrica Taddei (Italy), Yorck-Percy Tietge (Germany), Dennis
Trubitski (Ukraine), JuanCarlos Vargas (Colombia), Yael Weingarten (U.K.), Stefan D. Wiesli (Switzerland), and Yu Bo (PR China). Three students received awards for Distinguished Performance in the LL.M. Program: David Krell, Erica M. Ellis, and Shinji Niioka. The day was capped by a lavish reception at Cardozo, where family members and friends from around the world celebrated the accomplishments of the newest LL.M. graduates. The evening before commencement exercises, about 20 LL.M. students braved the rain to join a celebratory dinner at Baraonda restaurant on the Upper East Side. Special thanks to Claudio F. DiBlasi (Italy) and Sharon Herman (U.K./Netherlands) for organizing this outstanding celebration! Congratulations to all the LL.M. graduates! Alumni News Cecilia Baunsoe (Denmark/Switzerland 2002) married her longtime partner, Fernando Luis Quirindongo, on April 16, 2005, at the Zion German Evangelical Lutheran Church in Brooklyn. Ann Cho (Korea), Vesselin Dittrich (Bulgaria), Francisco (“Pancho”) Javier Augspach (Argentina) and Svetlana Vinogradova (Russia) all attended the wedding. Daniel Biene (Germany 2002) had his article "Celebrity Culture, Individuality, and Right of Publicity as a European Legal Issue" published in the International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law. He has been re-elected to the executive board of the German-American Lawyers Association and is currently helping Toni Fine in the Office of Graduate and International Programs as part of his Referendariat. Yu Bo (P.R. China 2005) has had internships at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) W and at the Security Council Peace Keeping Commission, both at the United Nations headquarters in New York.
Albana Bollati (Albania 2001) is currently working in the office of the General Counsel of the New York City School Construction Authority (SCA). Recently, Albana has been involved in assisting the Vice President and General Counsel of the company in assuring the participation of the SCA in New York City’s September 11 captive insurance program. Florian Bruno (Germany 2005) is working at Haese, LLC in Boston. According to the firm website, Haese is “a business-oriented law firm with a broad spectrum of clients including Fortune 100 companies and governmental entities. Haese assists emerging and established businesses in the formulation, pursuit and achievement of their goals and objectives. We serve clients nationally and internationally.” Yi Chen (P.R. China 2002) is now an attorney at Sidley Austin Brown & Wood in Shanghai. Ingvil Conradi Andersen (Norway 2004) has returned to Norway and is now legal adviser to the Norwegian Media Authority. Eunhyang (“Ann”) Cho (Korea 2002) is working at Cho & Associates in New York City. Vilma Dedvukaj (former Yugoslavia 2005) and her husband Louie are the proud parents of Anton Martin Dedvukaj, born on June 24, 2005 – a month before his due date! Anton and his parents are all doing well. Erica Ellis (U.S. 2005) is associated with Riley, Shane, and Hale in Albuquerque, N.M., where she is doing civil litigation and will be working to develop the firm’s intellectual property practice. Lisandro Frene (Argentina 2002) recently redesigned his law firm’s website (www.rctzz.com.ar). He has also published two articles in local newspapers – “Protection of Databases under IP Law,” published in El Derecho; and “New Criteria for Comparative Advertising in Argentina,” published in Infobae Profesional.
David Foox (South Africa/New Zealand 2001) is in-house counsel for a technology company called Eicon (www.eicon.com), in Montreal. David handles all of the firm’s intellectual property matters, including patents for new technologies. David continues his online U.S. immigration business, Easy Visa USA (www.easyvisausa.com). Germana Giordana (Italy 2000) is an attorney at Engel & McCarney in New York. Aviya Goldin Chill (Israel 2003) is working at Porat, Sagiv, Shlomi, a law firm near Tel Aviv that specializes in tax and real estate law. Veronica Gutierrez (Mexico 2005) has returned to Mexico and is now teaching at the law school at the University of Guadalajara. Petra Hansmersmann (Germany 2005) is working at Eaton & Van Winkle LLP in New York. Efi Harari (Israel 2004) and his wife Cheryl are the proud parents of Elior Lynn Harari, born on Thursday, October 13, 2005, at 9:45 p.m. Steffen Hemmerich (Germany 2005) is working at Estandards Forum, a not-for-profit organization that monitors the efforts of numerous countries to comply with international standards in areas such as macroeconomic policy and data transparency, institutional and market infrastructure, and financial regulation and supervision. Clemens Kohnen (Germany 2002) has been accepted to the Goethe Institut trainee program for young leadership. Clemens began his training in Munich, will spend six months in Jakarta/Indonesia starting in January 2006, and ultimately he will be posted as the head of administration in one of the Institut’s foreign offices. Yossi Kurzberg (Israel 2005) is pursuing his doctoral law degree at UCLA. Sean Levinson (U.S. 2002) is a public defender in Cook County, Illinois.
Guizeng (Wayne) Liu (P.R. China 2002) has joined the CCPIT Patent and Trademark Law Office in Beijing. Berna Karaahmetoglu (Turkey 2004) has returned to Istanbul where she is working at the K&K law firm. Robert Kleinman (U.S. 2005) was working at the Law offices of Leonard J. Catanzaro. He has recently relocated with his family to Western Massachusetts. Lili (Agnes) de Monseignat (France 2005) has returned to Paris where she is working in the legal department of M6 Television. Prior to returning to France, Lili took an intensive course in filmmaking at NYU. Carla Moreschi (Brazil 2002) is working at Fuller and Fuller LLP in New York City, a law firm specializing in immigration law. David Moya (Spain 2005) has returned to Barcelona where he is teaching in the law faculty of the Universidad de Barcelona. Gustavo A. Rodriguez (Venezuela 2002) is now working in the Caracas office of Clarke, Modet & Co. Shay Markus (Israel 2003) is now working at Coblence and Associates in New York City. Ken Matsuzaki (Japan 2005) has published a book of photography entitled People. Ken’s book can be found at the following bookstores in New York City: St. Mark’s Bookshop, Asahiya Bookstore, and Kinokuniya Bookstore. Mark Peto (Hungary 2000) has started his own law firm in Budapest. Rotem Rosen (Israel 2003) is now CEO of Africa-Israel Properties & Developments USA, in New York City. Elodie Siliart (France 2004) is business affairs manager of a small Music Label called Le Maquis
Scott Sisun (U.S. 2004) is a Trademark Examining Attorney at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Nicole Topperwien (Switzerland 1999) is legal advisor to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia in Skopje. Yoshihiko Wakida (Japan 2004) is foreign legal advisor at Barst & Mukamal LLP, an immigration law firm in New York City. Leon Wang (P.R. China 2004) is a member of the Intellectual Property Group at Baker & McKenzie in Hong Kong. Erica (Schlesinger) Wass (U.S. 2003) is now doing media consulting at DigComm Consulting, LLC. In addition to traditional website and e-commerce consulting, the firm performs extensive domain name analysis and other types of research audits. Erica adds: “We are currently working to build a global network of attorneys and new media professionals. I encourage hose of you working in areas dealing with the Internet and new media to contact us so that we can explore the possibilities. Please visit www.digcomm.info.” Erica invites LL.M. students and alumni to email her directly at firstname.lastname@example.org. Stefan Wiesli (Switzerland 2005) is an assocaite at Rinderknecht Klein & Stadelhofer in Zurich. Vivian Williams (Guyana 2003) is the principal of Vivian A. Williams & Associates in Manhattan. See Vivian’s article, A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear, in this issue of The Sidebar. Nilesh Zacharias (India 2004) is now a Senior Consultant in the privacy practice at PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.
All Alumni Please continue to send us your personal and professional news, and please keep us upto-date on your contact information!
The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar
The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of The Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law Published by: The Office of Graduate and International Programs Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law Yeshiva University Brookdale Center 55 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10003 212.790.0361 (tel) 212.790.0232 (fax) email@example.com Please visit our website www.cardozo.yu.edu Toni M. Fine Director of Graduate & International Programs