Media support to Southeast Europ by fjzhangm


									Media Task Force

Overview of media support to Southeast Europe
The overview of activities to support the media in Southeast Europe is not equally detailed and comprehensive for each country or organization. Also, the information made available for this overview was provided in different ways: narrative or tables, divided by country or type of activity. This makes it difficult to draw sweeping conclusions. Nonetheless, several observations can be based on the information below.    Support is increasingly aimed at strengthening local institutions. Support to public broadcasters is limited in comparison to support to private media (less than fifteen per cent of available figures). Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo receive more media support than Macedonia and Montenegro. Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova and Albania receive least.

A rough calculation based on the available figures (not all distributed here, due to confidentiality) shows that 40 per cent of the financial support is for training, followed by 34 per cent for direct support to individual media outlets and 26 per cent for associations, media centers and legislative reforms. The graph below illustrates this.
Breakdown of media support


34% 40%


Direct support

Association building / media legislation

Results of the support to the media in Southeast Europe are overall positive, according to representatives from Southeast Europe. These observations are far from scientific, but in a recent meeting of the Media Task Force, the chairmen of the Media Working Groups noted that the diversity of the media benefited because various quality outlets were able to survive due to outside help. They also stated that local watchdog organizations have become powerful voices and successfully lobby for legislative reform. Finally, they said that the professionalism increased with the help of strong local training organizations and networks. On the critical side, the chairmen noted that insufficient coordination and a lack of common needs assessment led to occasional over-funding and a high variety of associations and NGO‘s.

Yasha Lange, Media Task Force

Austria supports four media related projects in Southeast Europe in 2002/2003.  International Press Institute (Vienna) – SEEMO Media Dialogue SEE. This program of €346.000 in total supports the Vienna-based organization SEEMO to organise seminars and conferences and produce publications. The following is a list of activities in 2003, provided by SEEMO.      Meeting of Roma editors-in-chief and media executives in Belgrade 2-3 July 2003 Meeting of Serbian and Kosovo-Albanian editors-in-chief and media executives in Prizren, September 2003 - II Meeting Meeting of Serbian and Croatian editors-in-chief and media executives in Opatija 20-25 October 2003 Meeting of Roma editors-in-chief and media executives in Macedonia, December 2003 - II Meeting Meeting of Serbian and Croatian editors-in-chief and media executives in Belgrade, December 2003

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International Press Institute (Vienna) - Media and Conflict Prevention in Macedona, Part II. Total €23.500. SP Office Brussels - Regional TV-News Exchange on the Stability Pact. Total €56.250. Programs about activities in the framework of the SP are distributed to TV-stations in SEE. Stichting Voem – ANEM/B92 (Serbia) Production of television programs. Total €145.000. Support for the production of programs about reconciliation.

Media Policy: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, SerbiaMontenegro and Slovenia.  3 Regional Fora for Dialogue with Council of Europe and supported by e.g. UNESCO, the European Union and Article 19 involving the chairmen of the parliaments‘ Committee on Media and Culture, Chairmen of Regulatory bodies, Chairmen of Associations of Private Broadcasters as well as Managing Directors of public Radio & TV.  7-8 National Fora for Dialogue in the individual above mentioned countries.  Consultancy on the media legislation and future media structure in Serbia-Montenegro.  The BMC has developed ethical guidelines and editorial statutes in The Baltics and Hungary Training: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, SerbiaMontenegro and Slovenia.   Trained more than 100 media managers, TV- and radio producers as well as technicians – both in production and teaching at their own courses. Trained a number of journalists for OSCE.

Production Support: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, SerbiaMontenegro and Slovenia.  Establishment of a daily TV news exchange via satellite between the national public broadcasters in these countries and in collaboration with the European Broadcasting Union  Coaching and assistance to numerous TV news and current affairs co-productions  Coaching and assistance to prime time regionally co-produced TV-series on Food & Culture, Environment and Youth issues for the public broadcasters  Coaching and assistance to a daily radio news exchange for the associations of private broadcasters in the region. Institution Building: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, SerbiaMontenegro and Slovenia.       Consultancy on transformation of Croatian Television into modern public service broadcaster with a developed program for change. Consultancy on establishment of regional co-production network and secretariat for public broadcasters across the region Consultancy on establishment of secretariat and regional network of national associations of private broadcasters across the region Consultancy on establishment of youth program department on TV Kosovo Consultancy on media legislation and media transformation in Serbia Consultancy on profile for minority programming at Romanian public television

The Media Division of the Council of Europe implements a program in the framework of the Stability Pact which aims to: Establish a regulatory framework for freedom of expression and for the media in line with Council of Europe standards. Ensuring that this framework is in line with Council of Europe standards is an important step towards the integration of South-East European countries into a united Europe. Ensure that the day-to-day implementation of the regulatory framework complies with these standards. Democratic reforms in the field of freedom of expression and of the media cannot be accomplished overnight. This is a process that requires a long-term commitment and a strategic approach. Facilitate the development of professional and independent media that promote a climate of tolerance and mutual understanding Implementation of the program started in February 2002 with a financial contribution from the government of Luxembourg (pledged €400.000 for three years). Subsequently, the government of Norway (€100.000 for thre years), Netherlands (€300.000 for three years) and Italy (€500.000 for two years) contributed. This stage of the Stability Pact program is scheduled to end in December 2004. The following activities have been implemented in the framework of this program: Workshop for Croatian television (HRT) journalists, 9-18 February 2002, Opatija, Croatia, in cooperation with T-Media and HRT  South-East Europe television journalism workshop, 17 -24 March 2002, Budva, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in co-operation with CIRCOM Regional Seminar on inter-ethnic reporting in conflict situations, 10-12 May 2002, Skopje, ―The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia‖, in co-operation with the Alternative Information Network (AIM) Seminar on the financing of public-service broadcasting, 11 May 2002, Sofia, Bulgaria, in cooperation with the Bulgarian Parliament and the Ministry of Transport and Communications Seminar on the public right to know and limits to free access, 17-18 May 2002, Zagreb, Croatia, in co-operation with the Croatian Helsinki Committee and Article XIX Television journalism workshop, 19 – 31 May 2002, Kosice, Slovak Republic, in co-operation with CIRCOM Regional Round-table on amendments to the Access to Public Information Act, 21 May 2002, Sofia, Bulgaria, in co-operation with the Access to Information Program Expert mission on the transformation of local public radio stations, 17-18 June 2002, Skopje, ―The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia‖, in co-operation with the Broadcasting Council of ―The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia‖ Meeting of the National Working Groups, Media Task Force, Stability Pact, 25 July 2002, Borovetz, Bulgaria, in co-operation with the Bulgarian Media Coalition (BMC) The Budapest Academy: media and advertising training course, 25-31 August 2002, Budapest, Hungary, in co-operation with the European Group of Television Advertising (EGTA)










Regional conference on defamation and freedom of expression, 17-18 October 2002, Strasbourg, France Expertise mission on two Serbian draft Laws on Public Information, 30-31 October 2002, Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in co-operation with the Serbian Parliament Seminar on Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights for lawyers, 15-16 November 2002, Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in co-operation with the Swedish Helsinki Committee and the Belgrade Media Center Third European seminar on television newsroom management, 18-23 November 2002, Strasbourg, France, in co-operation with CIRCOM Regional Training course for mid-level managers of radio stations, 9-13 December 2002, Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in co-operation with the Association of Independent Electronic Media (ANEM) Two seminars on Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, 30 January-1 February 2003, Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro, in co-operation with the Ministry of Justice Co-ordination meeting with donors and meetings with government officials and partner organisations, 19-21 February 2003, in Podgorica, Montenegro and in Belgrade, Serbia Written expertise on a Serbian draft Public Information Law, 25 February 2003








Denmark (through FRESTA) has supported the creation of networks in Southeast Europe, such as the South East Europe Network for Professionalisation of the Media (SEENPM) and the South Eastern European Network for Associations of Private Broadcasters (SEENAPB). Denmark also supports training initiatives. Denmark-based partners are the Baltic Media Centre and the Danish School of Journalism (see below for more details on their activities). On-going Danish Media Support - Balkans 2003 Organisation Danish School of Journalism Danish School of Journalism Title Montenegro Media Institute Centre for professionalisation of the press in Serbia Regional Media Development in Vojvodina Peace and stability through crossboundary civil society collaboration in SEE Period DKK EURO 348.347

26.08.02 - 15.02.05 2.586.135

01.01.03 - 31.12.04 2.567.353


Danish School of Journalism

01.01.03 - 01.07.05 3.166.655


Baltic Media Centre

07.08.02 - 15.12.03 1.500.000


Baltic Media Centre

South Eastern 07.08.02 - 15.12.03 2.000.000 European Network for Associations of Private Broadcasters (SEENAPB) TELE-SEE. Production 07.08.02 - 15.12.03 4.400.000 and exchange of programs between PBS in SEE 07.08.02 - 15.12.03 3.040.267


Baltic Media Centre


SEENPM - Danish South Eastern School of Journalism European network for professionalisation of the Media


SEENPM - Danish Media Coverage of the 25.11.02 - 15.10.03 456.045 School of Journalism Macedonien Conflict SEENPM - Danish Participation in School of Journalism conference and international network on Investigative Reporting SEENPM - Danish Access to Information School of Journalism and Media Legislation 01.04.03 - 15.10.03 251.497








Danish School of Journalism
The Danish School of Journalism provides various forms of training, usually in close cooperation with local partners. Below is a somewhat outdated overview of activities. Project Media Training Network Client/ Funding Countries Partners SEENPM — Network of 18 media institutes / training centres from the 11 countries Main features journalist training training of trainers development of courses and training material distance learning institution building research Year/ Grant 2000-2002 7.2 mio. DKR (only Danish part) 334.000 USD (OSI) 215.000 USD (Swiss) Montenegro Media Institute FRESTA Montenegro IREX,OSI, UNESCO Norwegian Peoples Aid Fr. Ebert Found. / Albania Media and media organisations in Montenegro institution building training of media professionals support to development of media sector institution building training of media professionals training of trainers media monitoring 2000-2001

FRESTA / SEE OSI, Budapest /Swiss Development Agency

Journalism Danida and Media in Danish Albania Foreign Ministry

Albanian Media Institute

1999-2002: (continues earlier projects) 5 mio. DKR.

Macedonia FRESTA / Institute for Danish Media Foreign Ministry IREX Macedonia EAR (EU)

(Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia

Institution building Training of media staff Training of trainers

2001-2003 2,6 mio. DKR (only Danish part) 2002 200.000 euro 2001-2002 1,6 mio. DKR


IFJ, EIM, Mac.Inst. for Media, Ass.of Mac., Promedia

Training Training of trainers Monitoring Confidence Building. Training of trainers Training of journalists and managers

SEENAPB/ SEENPM Training of trainers for private radio stations

FRESTA Danish Foreign Ministry

/ South Eastern SEENPM Europe network, SEENAPB network and Baltic Media Centre

For the regional program, a call for proposal was launched (deadline Feb 2003) for project between €100.000 and €300.000. The initial budget of €1.5m was raised to €2.5m. This program aims to support institution building in the media (including training, associations, media outlets, legislation). The following projects were selected and contracts are being made with the recipients.

CARDS Regional Programme 2002
Name of lead applicant (country) Countries covered by activities Recommended grant amount Recommended rate of financing of eligible costs 72,26 % Brief Description

Novi Sad School of Journalism (SCR) South-East News Service Europe (BiH/NL) Radio Popolare (I)



All CARDS region BiH, SCR (Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro) BiH


64,35 %


80 %

Independent Union of Professional Journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) Media Centars Sarajevo and Belgrade (BiH/SCR)


80 %



80 %

Media Integration and Communication Centre (I) Women's Human rights Group (HR)

SCR (Serbia) HR, SCR BiH,


80 %


75 %

University of Zagreb, Faculty of Political Science (HR) ZaMirNet (HR)



77 %

HR (with links to other CARDS region)


63,8 %

Development of journalistic skills in SCR, focused on local TV station journalists and practical training Regular reports from ICTY that are freely available to all TV stations of the region. Cooperation activities between local radio stations, focus on professionalisation and cooperation between local radio stations Promoting media independence and professional journalism through formative actions on legal framework, independent media, implementation of freedom and access to information act Creating infrastructure to enhance the development of professional journalism, creation of resource centres, training activities, training of trainers Work on reform of Serbian media legislation and implementation of new media lwas. Help develop gender sensitised media development through participatory activities, research, training, lobby Setting up a training centre for students of journalism with hands on training in TV/radio studios and real broadcasts. Initiate and support small media initiatives in local communities, establish partnerships between NGOs and media organisations, create links from non governmental sector to the media

A new call for proposals under the regional program will be launched at the end of 2003, for a total amount of approximately €1m. The terms for this call will be more narrowly defined.

Overall, media Assistance in SEE under the CARDS Program amounts to the following. Year\Country Albania BiH 2001 2002 2003 Total 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 2,50 1,50 0,00 4,00 Croatia FYROM Montenegro Kosovo Serbia Regional Total 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,50 0,50 2,50 1,50 0,00 4,00 0,00 1,00 6,00 7,00 0,30 2,00 1,00 3,30 5,30 6,00 7,50 18,80

As visible in the above overview, the national programs differ substantially. Serbia is the largest recipient of media-related support from the EC. This program is implemented by the European Agency for Reconstruction and includes various aspects: support to the state broadcaster RTS, to the regulatory body in Serbia 9temporarily frozen), to the Media Centre in Belgrade (for training and archiving) and small grants to individual media outlets (through a Fund to be established by the Media Centre). In Bosnia-Herzegovina, most assistance was dedicated for the public broadcaster. The figures in this overview differ from last years‘ overview, when overall €4.5m was foreseen in media support from 2002 onwards (now €1.5m). In Montenegro, the EAR will assist the implementation of media legislation. Albania, Croatia and Macedonia do not have support to the media under the CARDS program.

Finland supports the news exchange between public broadcasters in Southeast Europe, ERNO. The initial grant was €500.000 until 2003, an extension might be available. The project is implemented by the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE) and aims to strengthen the existing news exchange between public broadcasters in Albania,Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia,. Romania, Serbia-Montenegro and Slovenia. YLE runs the exchange via satellite and Internet as a part of Eurovision news services by the office in Sarajevo. YLE also provides coaching and training to participants (introducing digital technology, reinforcing human and technical resources).

Regional University of Communication for SEE:  Conference, a place of exchanges for all the professionals of the region, to debate on the evolution of communication with a special focus on the implications of the new technologies th on the societies. Planned for June 12th to 14 in Sarajevo Regional TV Program:  France will support in collaboration with the German television (ZDF) the elaboration on a common TV cultural program with the national television of Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and maybe Macedonia. Albania :  Cooperation with ATA (Albanian Telegraphic Agency). The project concerns the training of journalists of the agency (with the Ecole de Journalisme de Lille) and the reform of the Agency statutes (with AFP). A new project presented through Unesco will be financed in 2003 to establish, with ATA and the Association of Journalist, a training centre for young journalists. Bulgaria :  Training program for journalists in cooperation with the University of Sofia. The project aims to train young journalists and to help reforming the journalism curricula of the University. Bosnia and Herzegovina :  Support to Media Plan Institute for the High School of journalism in cooperation with German MFA.  Canal France International offers TV programs for RTVBH and TV Hayat Croatia :  Support to the Croatian Association of Journalists for training program.  Training program for the national television staff. FRY :  Training program for journalists in collaboration with NUNS association (with a special focus on journalists working in the regions).  Support to BETA Agency to create a multiethnic radio station at Novi Pazar called « Radio STO »  Contribution to Unesco project for the implementation of a printing plant for the independent press in Belgrade (APM)  Canal France International offers TV programs to RTS, TVB92, and Canal 3 of the national television of Montenegro Macedonia :  A new project will be set up this year comprising a training program in collaboration with the Macedonian Institute of Media and ESJ of Lille and a radio training program with RFI and the national radio of Macedonia.  Canal France International offers TV programs for the national television

Moldova :  Training program at the Journalism Faculty of Chisinau University, support to reform curricula  TV programs for TVM Romania :  Grants for students  Support for the adaptation of the media legislation  Training program for journalists in the region of Iasi. Slovenia :  Training program with the Slovene Association of journalists.

The support of the German Foreign Office for the media in SEE in 2003 amounts approx. €3m. There are 3 main areas of media support: media legislation, program production and journalists training. The projects are implemented by local partners or by Germany-based organization such as Deutsche Welle, ZDF, Bayerische Rundfunk. Media legislation: Projects submitted from the Media Task Force:  Bulgaria: MLSG Foundation, supporting a group of local media law experts monitoring the implementation of media laws  Montenegro: UNEM, support for a group of local experts which will implement newly adopted media laws and assist the new institutions and bodies  Regional: Article 19 with local partners in 5 countries of the region, support for implementation and observance of the adopted Freedom of Information Laws Television production: Projects supervised by 1st International Media Foundation (Bavarian Broadcasting), in co-operation with local partners in Macedonia, Albania and Serbia:  Financing TV programs and adaptations dealing with the issues such as position of women, minorities…;  Co-operation project between RTK Pristina and Studio B Belgrade;  RTSh (Albania) production discussion programs ―Citizen Forum‖ and ―Dialogue with neighbors‖ covering up-to-date regional topics, filmed on-the-spot in different countries of the region;  Purchase of equipment: for local TV stations Subotica, TV 5 Nis, Studio B in Belgrade one editing suite and Beta camcorder;  Purchase of translation unit for RTSh, Albania Projects supervised by ZDF (Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen- 2 Channel of German Public Broadcasting):  Reportage about role of women in Macedonia produced by MRT (Macedonian TV)  Co-production of RTSh (Albania), RTK(Kosovo), MRT (Macedonia) on TV magazine ―Periskop‖ about regional themes with cross-border coverage  MRT production multiethnic reportage about different perspectives of ethnic groups on capital Skopje Deutsche Welle:  Adaptation of TV program ―Europa Aktuell‖ in Serbian and Bosnian language Support to Sense TV Tribunal.  Coverage of work of International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, reports aimed for media in former YU countries Media Task Force recommended projects:  Mreza Production house (Serbia), financing 10 episode documentary series about lives of 40 individuals from ex-YU countries illustrating differences and similarities between the people of same professions;  Soul Flower Production (Serbia), subsidy for 26 minute documentary about hip-hop group from Belgrade on their first concert outside Serbia, in Ljubljana, and their encounter with young ex-compatriots;  NGO ―Responsibility for Future‖, financing 3 documentary films of well-known authors preserving positive experiences from war and post-war period Radio production:  Radio Ravel (Macedonia), radio series program ―Golden times of old handcrafts‖, handcraftsmen representing all ethnic groups

Print media:  Print expenses for weekly supplement of ―Koha Ditore‖ (Kosovo-Albanian paper) about reconstruction, European integration Web: 

BETA news agency (Serbia), establishing the web-site combating against organized crime

Journalism training:         South East Media Agency (Belgrade), training program for prospective journalists from Yugoslavia Viadrina (Sofia), postgraduate studies ―Media and intercultural communication‖ at Southeast European media Centre for Media arts Support to Mediaplan (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in co-operation with France, permanent education of journalists from countries of SEE at Media Plan High College of Journalism st 1 International Media Foundation (Bavarian Broadcasting), training of 10 journalists from local TV stations in Macedonia DW: internship for new-coming journalists from partner stations in the region MTF, financing the project of Centre for Independent Journalism (Romania), training program for improving the coverage of ―Corruption and Organized Crime‖ in 5 regions of Romania and Bucharest Association of Independent Media (Serbia), training of 10 journalists from 8 regions to become economy experts Independent Journalism Center (Moldova), writing training for women journalists

Other support:      ZDF seminars for Macedonian TV: ―Professional journalism for conflict prevention‖, ―Informing by the means of graphic elements‖; ZDF workshops for Macedonian TV: ―Modernizing the program archives‖, ―Dialogue in multiethnic everyday TV‖ Goethe Institute with DTV from Belgrade: seminar ―Prix Jeunesse‖ for stimulation of the children production in the region Training of technical staff for television station RTSh, Albania, supervised by ZDF Film festivals: ―Balkan-Filmfestival/International Film Fest Sofia‖, ―Cinelink‖ workshop – Film festival Sarajevo

The Italian MFA, because of budget restrictions, will in 2003 not contribute to media-related projects in SEE. Past support to projects which are still running are: In January 2003, Italy released its support of €500.000 to the Council of Europe Media program in the framework of the Stability Pact. See under Council of Europe for more details on this program. The project Eurolink was launched by the Italian Press Federation (FNSI) in conjunction with the Italian NGO‘s ARCS and ISF (Information Sans Frontières). The Italian MFA contributed €450.000 in 2002 and this grant covers the project until end 2004. In November 2002 a two-week seminar for Serbian and Montenegrin journalists was held at the Urbino school of Journalism. Other courses include: seven journalists (from TV Politika; Radio B92; TV Pancevo; Kikindske; Danas; Nin) attended a course on "RADIO-TV" in November and a second group ( from Radio Crna Gora; TV Montana; TV CG; Dan; Monitor and others) attended a course on "Agencies and print media". In 2003, a new round of workshops in Belgrade and Podgorica will be held. On the agenda are PressTrade Unions and Press freedom. Both workshops will be organized by FNSI and ISF.

Luxembourg has supported SENSE the ICTY coverage of news agency with €150.000 in 2002 and will provide support for 2003 (exact amount as yet not known, expected to be less than €100.000). Luxembourg also supported the Council of Europe media program in 2002 with €200.000 and this will continue with €200.000 for 2003/4.

The Netherlands has decentralized support to embassies and made a new agreement with Amsterdam-based Pressnow to implement media support in Southeast Europe in 2003-2006. See under Pressnow for more details. Past direct support from The Hague included grants to B92, RTK, the European Centre for Broadcast Journalism and Search for Common Ground. From now on, possibilities for such direct support are limited.

Norwegian Peoples Aid is implementing the following projects funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway. 1 EURO = 7.8 NOK SERBIA Associations  NUNS, (IJAS) (Independent Association of Journalists of Serbia), Belgrade. 300.000 NOK. NUNS is in process of developing new strategy, based on 4 thematic groups (trade union group, legal questions group, gender group, group for training and education). This running project is supported by NPA. Association of Private Media, APM, Belgrade. 150.000 NOK. Development of the association. Work on identifying the common interest of members in strengthening their financial and editorial independence. Local press support. 200.000 NOK to association of local press and 250.000 NOK to vulnerable members For the development of the association, institutional building. Market surveys for selected members who are planning to become more market-oriented. Support to production of supplements. Association of independent Electronic Media, ANEM. 250.000 NOK to dev. of association and 450.000 NOK to upgrading new licence holders. Support to the development of association. Support production costs of special network features to specific radio and TV stations with a licence within the network in elaboration with ANEM and other donors.




Media Support   Print media support. 200.000 NOK. To continue the support to investigative reporting that would raise public awareness of relevant socio-political issues in the region. Local television production through VIN Production, Mreza Production, TV B 92, etc. 300.000 NOK. Support the production of investigative reporting serials in order to provide a variety of opinions and viewpoints to the public.

Minority media   Radio 021, Novi Sad. 150.000 NOK. Support to minority programming of Radio 021 for Roma, Hungarian, Rumanian and other minority groups in Vojvodina region. Small grants (50.000NOK) to Tibiscus and Becejski Mozaik

Training  ANEM training centre, Belgrade. 500.000 NOK. Costs for training courses (example: basic journalists, basic technicians, marketing, management, how to organize program work, investigative journalism etc.). Electronic State media, YUCOM (Yugoslav Lawyers' Committee for Human Rights). 200.000 NOK. Training for electronic state media to be privatised within 4 years according to the new Broadcasting Law. Print media. 400.000 NOK. Costs for training courses where specific details will be elaborated in co-operation with Media Center, NUNS, other organizations and donors. NPA will also support training costs within the SEENMP network.



  

University Belgrade and Oslo. 250.000 NOK. Further development of the pilot project establishing one modern journalist education on University level in Serbia. Economist. 150.000 NOK. Continuation of support for in-house training of economic journalism. South Serbia training and workshops. Novine Vranjske newspaper. 250.000 NOK. Support to multi ethnic journalist initiatives in South Serbia

MONTENEGRO Associations  UNEM, (Association of Independent Electronic media in Montenegro). 100.000 NOK. Assistance in development of the association and to develop the connection to similar organisations in the region. Support to a regional news exchange program. Montpress, Association of independent printed media. 200.000 NOK. Support to strengthening of the association, joint initiatives such as assistance in development of the association and to develop the connection to similar organisations in the region.


Media support  Obala production. 100.000 NOK. Support for production costs of programs made about corruption, privatization and other important social and political topics. Special attention on co -productions between Serbia and Montenegro.

Training  Montenegro Media Institute. 500.000 NOK. Support to education, courses and trainings. Support initiative of developing a one year journalist education in co-operation with the University of Montenegro. Norwegian experts will be invited to help with some of the trainings, NPA will coordinate with MMI.

MACEDONIA  Macedonian Institute for the Media. 400.000 NOK. Support of training in Media Management, Marketing, Basic Skills in radio and TV journalism and Newspaper design. More details will be elaborated in co-operation with partner and other donors. University of Skopje, faculty of journalism. 150.000 NOK. NPA will coordinate its activities with all donors involved and work on a specific project within the transformation plan of the Faculty of Journalism. RTV 21 in-house TV training. 150.000 NOK. Trainings for the Local TV Stations in Macedonia to be held in Tetovo, March-April, 2003. ZNM, association of journalists of Macedonia. 200.000 NOK. Development of the association in coordination with other donors. Possible support to regional offices. APMNAM (Association of print media). 250.000 NOK for institutional development. 200.000 NOK for development of newspaper members with a special focus on multi-ethnicity. Support for strengthening the Association through training, campaigning. Support to individual media outlets/members of APMNAM with special focus on multiethnic media. Network of local tv stations. 300.000 NOK. All IMF members are supporting the creation of this Network. First step should be developing of business plans for all members, second training


   


for members, and during 2003 they should produce a joint monthly TV magazine. NPA would also support individual stations members of the network such as TV ART and TV Tera.  Radio Plus Forte, Tetovo. 150.000 NOK. In coordination with other donors and the OSCE, supporting multiethnic productions linked to the multiethnic news desk/ Radio Plus Forte.

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA  Media Centar, Sarajevo. 200.000 NOK. Training in economic reporting and training in investigative reporting in co-operation with the Faculty of journalism in Banja Luka, Mostar, Sarajevo and Tuzla. University of Sarajevo, faculty of journalism. 200.000 NOK. Improving curriculum with assistance of local and Norwegian experts. Exchange of experience and cooperation with Journalism faculties in Former Yugoslav Republics. Modernizing equipment and facilities. Graphical Institute, Sarajevo. 250.000 NOK. Training for graphical workers employed at media outlets in the region. Graphical design is one of the weakest points in the print media sphere in the whole Balkans. ATV Alternativna Televizija, Banja Luka. 200.000 NOK. Production of programs that would treat important political and social issues. BORAM radio network. 200.000 NOK. -Production of radio series on role of media in society and vice versa. Management training of NPA partners from Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. Production in cooperation with partners in Podgorica and Belgrade. Merged journalism association. 100.000 NOK. Development of the Journalists Association and support to their activities in the country.



 


KOSOVO   RTV 21. 100.000 NOK. RTV 21 has established training facilitated for female journalists in Kosovo. NPA plans to continue support for that training. Kosovo minority radio network. 100.000 NOK for training and 100.000 NOK for training/programming. NPA will purchase the most necessary equipment for vulnerable Serbian radio stations within the network, in full coordination with OSCE. Multi-ethnic children and youth peace centres (MCYPC). Monthly youth magazine ‗Future‘, Mitrovica. 200.000 NOK. Support to multiethnic youth magazine for journalist training and magazine editing, design, printing and distribution. Teuta women magazine. Pristina. 200.000 NOK. Support to establish Teuta as a women‘s magazine for all the Albanian speaking population in Kosovo, Albania, Montenegro and Macedonia through improved marketing and distribution in the region.



REGIONAL  ERNO, Eurovision Regional News Organisation. 150.000 NOK. Upgrade of skills needed for ERNO exchange of news production. Similar level of support also foreseen in Macedonia, Kosovo and Bosnia.

The support for the Open Society Institute‘s national foundations to the media has decreased in SEE. The Network Media Program, located in Boedapest, continues to support several key-activities: Mreza+ in Bosnia-Herzegovina, TV B92 in Serbia, KTV and TV21 in Kosovo. The NMP also works with Medienhilfe to support Roma media in SEE.

Press Now has entered a new framework agreement with the MFA in the Netherlands. In total around €4.7 million will be provided to the media in SEE until end 2006. In 2003, approximately €1.5m will be provided to support media development in SEE. This is, according to provisional projections, broken down as follows: €290.000 in Albania, €270.000 in Bosnia-Herzegovina, €200.000 in Kosovo, € 180.000 in Macedonia, €100.000 in Moldova, €80.000 in Montenegro, €160.000 in Serbia and €240.000 for regional programs. In the coming years, support will decrease gradually. Another €1million will be granted to the media from other sources.

Sweden (Sida) has provided over the past years support to various media outlets / organisations, both directly (bilaterally) as well as through an agreement with the Swedish Helsinki Committee. The following is a list of projects in the Western Balkans, stand May 2003. Project 1. Framework agreement with the Swedish Helsinki Committee (2003) (see SHC‘s own list for details) 2. Support to Reporter, Belgrade (2003) 3. Support to BIH Press Council (2003) 4. Media Works, Belgrade, Wireless connection to Beta News (2002-2003) 5. Media Development Loan Fund, Prague, Management Training (2003-2006) 6. Media Development Loan Fund, Prague, Newspapers on the Web (2003-2006) 7. Transitions On-Line, Balkan Reconstruction Report (2003-2004) 8. Insititute for War and Peace Reporting, London, Regional Training, Balkan Crisis Report, Tribunal Update, Co-operation with University of Belgrade (20032005) Total SEK 8 364 960 1 750 000 995 000 95 500 4 040 000 4 200 000 3 500 000 10 200 000 EUR (1:9.20) 909 230 190 220 108 150 10 380 439 130 456 520 380 430 1 108 700

33 145 460

3 602 760

Please note that some projects are for 2003 only, whereas some are for 2003, 2004 and 2005.

SHC implements media support with funds provided by Sida. The following is an overview of planned activities in 2003. COUNTRY Croatia ORGANISATION Croatian Helsinki Committee ATV, Banja Luka PROJECT DESCRIPTION Ombudsman for the Media; costs for continued work of the Council for the Media (six months) and visit to Sweden Running costs, extension of coverage, building of new studio in Banja Luka, All implemented in exit strategy Reserved funds for Rent of satelite uplink for one month, Program purchase Operational Costs according to Exit strategy SEK 261.250 EUR 27.500




Mreza Plus



Dani Magazine



Radio Magic, Milici Operational Costs



Radio Studio 88, Mostar Radio Studio N, Livno Homeland Magazine SerbiaMontenegro Local Press Association Media Center, Beograd Radio STAFF, Leskovac Decko Magazine

Operational Costs



Operational Costs and Equipment



Magazine for refugees, IDP:s and returnees, Operational costs



1) office/salaries - 16,300 EUR, 3) 382.850 Camp Site addition (exchange of texts) - 24,000 EUR Reserved for the project Civil Society 592.800 and Nationalism in the Media Operational costs 364.800




Operational costs



Antena M, Podgorica Magazine Monitor, Podgorica Review Polje, Bijelo Polje

Project "Montenegro Watchdog" Programming support Reserved funds for design of layout and additional color pages Sales person salary and Office costs and Alternative Distribtion







SKALA radio, Kotor Special programs



UNEM, Podgorica

Running costs for the coordination unit




AIM, Kosovo

Continued training for Radio K journalists Total budget 71483 EUR, operational costs 50.533 EUR; equipment 20.950 EUR Operational costs



Radio K, Fushe Kosove Radio Max, Silovo





Radio Contact Plus, Mitrovica

Operational costs



Zeri Daily, Prishtina Printing costs



Zeri Weekly, Prishtina Teuta Magazine, Prishtina FYR Macedonia IMF, International Media Fund

Printing costs



Printing costs (23.300 EUR) and Newsprint (16.800 EUR)



Radio Vat, Skopje

Joint fund for media support including 570.000 SHC, Press Now, OSI Macedonia, OSI Network Media Program, Medienhilfe, Norwegian People's Aid. Operational costs 190.000




Newspaper Dita Jug, Gjirokaster

Operational costs



Newspaper Tomori, Operational costs Decreasing support Berat over a three years' period Newspaper Nositi, Pogradec SUBTOTAL Operational costs





8.364.940 880.520

Reserved for upcoming Media projects and urgent needs during the year (approximate amount) TOTAL



Regional media projects supported by the Swiss Development Cooperation Agency under the MTF, Stability Pact

Name of project SEENPM

Period 1.11.2000 – 30.06.2002 (regional) New phase 2003/2004 under preparation 1.8.2000 – 31.7.2003

Amount € 222.500 € 198.657

Objectives Promote peace and stability through strengthening the role of the media, enhancement of regional cooperation/enhancement of training capacities, professionalism, media policy and production/co-production Promotion of pro-social role of the media in the region/media as a conflict-reducing mechanism Co-operation among regional and local (MK) printed and broadcasting media Strengthening the capacity of the NWG to develop free, professional and diverse media in Moldova. Support to the activities of the NWGs to implement the Media Charter, to be active partners of the governments and media in bringing about democratic reforms in the media field

Bridges for the New Balkans: Cooperation and Dialogue through Media

€ 993.377

Support to the National Working Group Moldova Support to the National Working Groups of the MTF (Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, BiH, Croatia Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova)

01.10.2002 – 31.12.2003 01.01.2003 – 31.12.2003

€ 6.620

€ 34.437

*co-funded with the US State Department

Bi-lateral media projects supported by the Swiss Development Cooperation Agency in SEE and Kosovo, FRY Name of project Support for the development of the Public Service Broadcasting Station – Radio RTK/Blue Sky Period Phase III: 1.1.2001 – 31.03.2002 Phase IV: (to be determined) Amount € 794.700 € 231.800 Objectives Introducing a model of a public service broadcaster in Kosovo that provides all segments of society with independent information and quality entertainment.

Serbia and Montenegro Name of project Support to MontPress Period Amount € 34.437 Objectives Provision of paper to MontePress

Albania Name of project Albanian Media Institute – Open Media – Open Government Period 1. 1. 2002 - 31.12. 2003 Amount € 331.125 Objectives Training for radio journalists

Bosnia-Herzegovina Name of project Radio 1 Period April 2001 – March 2003 Amount € 34.437 Objectives Support to financially and politically independent media scene in BiH

Support to SEE media provided by the Political Division IV, Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Name of project Support to private independent minority media in Macedonia, Kosovo, Serbia and Montengro, BiH. Implemented by Medienhilfe (under preparation).

Period 1. 1. 2003 - 31.12. 2004

Amount Ca. € 662.300

Objectives General aims: strengthened process of civil society awareness and principle of good governance through specific media productions addressing crucial social and political issues improved quality of media and journalism and cross-border cooperation between media increased output on relevant information and productions with higher impact through improved audience ratings of partners included

The Conflict Prevention Fund has been initiated by the UK to support activities aimed at bringing peace, stability, democratic stabilisation and reconciliation in the Western-Balkans. The following media projects received support under the Conflict Prevention Fund: €1 = £0.716 (May 2003) Macedonia  Journalism Training, BBC World Service Training. One day seminar followed by a five day training workshop on reporting conflict and diversity. £90,849, Feb-Mar 03  ―TV Magazine‖ in Conflict Areas, Macedonian Institute for Media (MIM). Five day training course for participants from 8 different independent TV stations, half ethnic Macedonian and half ethnic Albanian. Short reports to be produced by mixed teams focussing on social and economic issues (not political) common to the conflict area covered. £50,000, May 02 – Mar 03

Bosnia-Herzegovina  Programming for Independent and Public Broadcasters £31,000, Dec 02 – Jun 03 Albania  IREX ―Hapur‖ Television Series. 25 local television stations cooperating in the production of programs about crime and corruption. £46,500, Oct 02 – Dec 03 Regional  SEE TV Journalism Workshop £6,400, Apr 03  Videoletters. Series where citizens talk about their experiences which gives them a chance at reconciliation and for others to understand minorities‘ situations better. £130,799, Mar 02 – Mar 03

Serbia and Montenegro  ISDN Networking of UNEM Members, UNEM – Association of Independent Electronic Media. Establish a link between radio stations in the north of Montenegro with the centre by setting up an ISDN network. £48,198, Aug 02 – Oct 02     Beta News Service £19,440, Jan 02 – Dec 02 RTV Mir – Teuta £33,803, Aug 02 – Nov 02 Training for Journalists in Beta News Agency £2,903, Aug – Nov 02 TV Rama. Provision of transmission equipment to Radio Panorama to set up a TV station in Pljevlja, in the north of Montenegro £14,346 Jul 02 – Jan 03

Kosovo  Crimewatch Kosovo. UNMIK. Production of a 6-part TV series focussing on police matters and specific investigations in an attempt to build trust between the police and citizens of Kosovo, and to encourage citizens to help the police. Like Crimewatch UK. £96,000, Mar 02 – Jun 03

CPB Funded Media Projects Bosnia and Herzegovina  Press Council Public Information Campaign £16,400, Aug 02 – Oct 02  Technical Support to Communications Regulation Authority (CRA) £75,000, Oct 02 – Mar 03

Serbia and Montenegro  B92 Programming Ahead of Presidential Elections £55,000, Sep 02  TV B92 Updating Editing Suite £21,000, Apr 02

Macedonia  BACEE Seminar on Political Reporting and Current Affairs £20,000, Apr 02 Kosovo  Urban FM. Station produced by and for young people in Kosovo. Project has two parts: a train journey with two ‗peace trains‘ carrying 300 people from all ethnicities in Kosovo with parties at train stations and club nights in Pristina involving DJs from radio stations in Sarajevo, Belgrade, Zagreb and Ljubljana. £50,000, Sep 02 – Dec 02 In addition to the above mentioned projects, the Department for International Development (DFID) also supports media-related activities. Among these are: The Media Centre in Sarajevo to provide training for journalists and assist with marketing/promotion of the Centre so that it becomes sustainable. This project recently ended. Technical assistance to the Public Broadcasting Service in Bosnia-Herzegovina, through the BBC who have placed experts in the PBS to provide advice and training. The EC provided equipment to the PBS in BiH. Support to the Tirana Radio Soap Opera, Rruga Me Pisha. Project ran from1999 until 2002 with overall support of £435,000; the last phase aimed to make to operation sustainable.

Regional projects:  Support for Television co-production on issues such as crime, corruption, war crimes, reconciliation, ethnic issues.  Support for investigative reporting projects.  Support to Stability Pact for media law monitoring.  Support to Stability Pact for working groups. Current project with USAID runs through December 2004. Albania:  Continuing production support for Heroes and Hapur programs, broadcast on local stations throughout country.  Support for copyright protection and anti-piracy  Continued training. IREX's current agreement with USAID runs through December 2004. Bosnia:  Continued support to projects such as Mreza Plus, Nezavisne Novine, local radios, and others.  Continued management and journalism training efforts, targeted support and projects to Media Center, Media Plan. IREX's current agreement with USAID expires in September 2003. USAID has put out a bid for a 3 year, $4.5 million program beginning October 2003. Bulgaria:  Support to media law reform.  Specialized journalism courses such as investigative, business and economics, local government, rule of law issues.  Training to print and broadcast media. IREX's current agreement runs through December 2004. Croatia:  Focus on media law reform issues.  Some targeted trainings in certain topics (e.g. anti-trafficking, crime and legal reporting, etc.). IREX's current agreement with USAID runs through September 2004. Kosovo: IREX will continue its support to the development of independent television and radio, associations, and reform of media law. Ongoing projects include:  RTV-21  KTV  Kosovo Terrestrial Transmission Network (KTTN), which provides the transmission services to all province-wide private and public broadcasters.  KosovAlive news agency  Local radio and television stations,  The Private Broadcasters association (AMPEK)  The journalists association  Media market research  Media law reform IREX implements these projects through small grants, training in journalism and media management, and on-site consulting at media outlets.

Macedonia:  Continuing support to local support institutions and organizations (Media Institute, Journalists Associations, Broadcasters Assn).  Continued training in journalism, management issues, continuing cooperation with IMF consortium of donors to support local TV stations. IREX's current agreement with USAID runs through December 2004. Moldova:  Supported via Stability Pact: the production of book "Mass Media and Legislation" by Freedom of Expression and Access to Information Promotion Center. No current other media project. Montenegro:  Continuing support to UNEM, MBC TV, MINA news agency, Montenegro Media Institute, other media. Business and journalism training conducted with these organizations and independently.  Media law implementation working with UNEM and others. IREX's current agreement with USAID runs through July 2004. Serbia:  Continuing support to projects such as B92 Studio and expansion.  Training to local radio and TV, through ANEM training Center and independently.  Targeted support to specific media and organizations such as Ekonomist, Beta, Media Center, Novi Sad School of Journalism, etc. Current agreement with USAID runs through March 2004. Romania: No current IREX or USAID media project.

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