Table of Contents
Neighborhood Survival Kit
Table of Contents Cover Letter from Coalition Sponsors i-ii iii iv
Before the Storm
Neighborhood Plan Telephone Tree Format Who to Notify Preparing for Special Needs Neighbors Personal Disaster Plan CERT Training Hurricane Shutters Pet Shelter Info Host Home Program 1-2 3 4 5-6 7 8-9 10-12 13-14 15-19
During the Storm
3-Day Supply Kit 5-Day Supply Kit i 20-22 23-25
After the Storm
Returning Home Disaster Related Stress Generator Information Chain Saw Safety Source Credits 26-28 29 30-31 32-34 35
To Our Neighbors: The Clearwater Neighborhoods Coalition and the City of Clearwater are pleased to introduce a new concept in hurricane preparation. In the wake of last year’s storms, we believe that a Neighborhood Plan is as important as an individual family plan. The plan calls for neighbors to gather information in their neighborhoods that will ensure that all people are cared for and accounted for in the event of a hurricane or other disaster. This guide is designed to help our neighbors – help our neighbors. This plan is strictly voluntary and you may use any or all of the suggested material. If you need further information, please contact me or any officer of the Coalition, as listed below. Thank you and we hope this information is useful to you in assuring that your neighbors and neighborhoods are prepared for the upcoming hurricane season. Sincerely,
Sondra Kerr President, Clearwater Neighborhoods Coalition
Sondra Kerr Bill Murray Rich Glasgow Doug Williams
President Vice President Secretary Treasurer
447-9126 531-0667 791-9317 725-3345
P.O. Box 8204 Clearwater, FL 33758 iii
Sponsors Without the generous support of the following sponsors, this workshop would not be possible: The City of Clearwater Neighborhood Services Public Communications Graphics Emergency Management Clearwater Neighborhoods Coalition Committee for “Be Prepared: The Price of Paradise” Shelley Kuroghlian Norma Carlough Jim Goins Jiffy Reprographics Robert Roperti Mal Deeley Lanier Worldwide, Inc. Beth Kirchner Jetmail Maggie Taylor Richard Lauder The Bookworm Café Clearwater Main Library Phyllis Dimarco
Neighborhood Plan Checklist “Remember, it’s not only how well you prepare, but how well your neighborhood prepares that will ultimately affect your survival and your property”.
Before the Storm Form a Disaster Committee in your neighborhood Determine neighborhood evacuation zone Develop phone trees: Consider using existing Neighborhood Watch Program Block Captains or develop telephone tree format provided by that program (See Page 3) to gather information and develop a database for the Committee Determine resident plans for evacuation and securing property Identify medical personnel in neighborhood willing to provide emergency assistance Who to Notify List (See Page 4) Identify Location of Shelters/Special Needs Shelters/Pet Shelters Identify residents who will require transportation to shelter or need help gathering supplies
Walk-through your neighborhood to determine need to secure common areas: Clubhouse Furniture including pool furniture Playground Equipment Pruning on Common Area Trees Check with residents about assistance to secure lawn furniture/decorative items C.E.R.T. Training Determine if any residents are currently C.E.R.T. trained or would like to receive the training Storm After the Storm After Storm Meeting to assess neighborhood conditions and resident needs Form Voice Tree for communication in case of power failure C.E.R.T. Volunteers MUST be able to provide emergency assistance, evaluate neighborhood conditions and maintain direct link to City of Clearwater Fire and Rescue Identify central distribution points to support after-storm services for water or supplies Develop safety plan in case of catastrophic loss to secure perimeter of neighborhood.
Disaster Committee Telephone Tree Format
The person activating this telephone tree will call #1. Then the calls proceed as indicated as quickly as possible by the fastest possible method, even if the phones are out of order and the roads blocked. For example, #1 calls #2 and 3. #2 calls #4 and 5. #3 calls #6 and 7, until all residents are notified. If anyone in the group cannot be reached, skip over them to the ones they are supposed to call. For example, if #3 can’t reach #6, #3 calls #12 and 13.
1. Name Phone
2. Name Phone
3. Name Phone
4. Name Phone
5. Name Phone
6. Name Phone
7. Name Phone
8. Name Phone
10. Name Phone
12. Name Phone
14. Name Phone
9. Name Phone
11. Name Phone
13. Name Phone
15. Name Phone
Who to Notify Resident Evacuation Information
Local Information: Name of Resident: Address: Phone Number: Cell/ Alternate Number: Email Address: I/We plan to evacuate if an approaching hurricane is forecast to reach at least Category: One (Winds of 74 to 95 MPH) Two (Winds of 96 to 109 MPH) Three (Winds of 110 to 130 MPH: Major Hurricane) Four (Winds of 131 to 154 MPH: EXTREME Hurricane) Five (Winds of more than 155MPH: CATASTROPHIC Hurricane) Contact Information: We plan to evacuate to: Contact Name: Contact Address: Contact Number:
NOTE: Residents should notify their Neighborhood Disaster Committee if your contact information changes or if you make any changes in your evacuation plans prior to landfall.
Special Individuals with Special Needs
If you or someone close to you has a disability or a special need, you may have to take additional steps to protect yourself and your family in an emergency.
Disability/Special Need Visually impaired Additional Steps May be extremely reluctant to leave familiar surroundings when the request for evacuation comes from a stranger. A guide dog could become confused or disoriented in a disaster. People who are blind or partially sighted may have to depend on others to lead them, as well as their dog, to safety during a disaster. May need to make special arrangements to receive warnings. May need special assistance to get to a shelter. May need help to plan for disasters and emergencies. May need assistance planning for and responding to emergencies. Community and cultural groups may be able to help keep people informed. May need to make arrangements for transportation. Should take special precautions to have an adequate emergency food supply. Should know the location and availability of more than one facility if dependent on a dialysis machine or other life-sustaining equipment or treatment. May need help responding to emergencies and getting to a shelter. Should be registered in the Alzheimer’s Association Safe Return Program. Visit their website for more information. http://www.alz.org/Services/SafeReturn.asp
Mobility impaired Single working parent
Non-English speaking persons
People without vehicles
People with special dietary needs People with medical conditions
People with mental retardation People with dementia
needs: If you have special needs Find out about special assistance that may be available in your community. Register with the office of emergency services or the local fire department for assistance so needed help can be provided. home: Check for hazards in the home: During and right after a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury or damage. Anything that can move, fall, break or cause fire is a home hazard. Check for items such as bookcases, hanging pictures, or overhead lights that could fall during high winds, tornado, or flooding and block an escape path. evacuate: Be ready to evacuate: Have a plan for getting out of your home or building (ask your family or friends for assistance, if necessary). Also, plan two evacuation routes because some roads may be closed or blocked in a disaster. • Create a network of neighbors, relatives, friends, and coworkers to aid you in an emergency. Discuss your needs and make sure everyone knows how to operate necessary equipment. Discuss your needs with your employer. If you are mobility impaired and live or work in a high-rise building, have an escape chair. If you live in an apartment building, ask the management to mark accessible exits clearly and to make arrangements to help you leave the building. Keep specialized items ready, including extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, catheters, medication, prescriptions, food for service animals, and any other items you might need. Be sure to make provisions for medications that require refrigeration. Consider purchasing an ice chest for this purpose. Keep a list of the type and model numbers of the medical devices you require on your person. Wear medical alert tags or bracelets to identify your disability. Know the location and availability of more than one facility if you are dependent on a dialysis machine or other life-sustaining equipment or treatment.
• • • •
• • • •
Personal Disaster Plan Stay Aware and Be Prepared
Locate a safe room or the safest areas in your home for each hurricane hazard. In certain circumstances the safest areas may not be your home but within your community
Determine escape routes from your home and places to meet (Rally Points); including a child's school, a neighbor or a public place
Have an out-of-state friend as a family contact, so all your family members have a single point of contact. Have at least 2 ways of contact; e-mail, phone, etc.
Make a plan now for what to do with your pets if you need to evacuate.
Post emergency telephone numbers by your phones and make sure your children know how and when to call 911.
Check your insurance coverage - flood damage is not usually covered by homeowners insurance.
Stock non-perishable emergency supplies and a DISASTER SUPPLY KIT
Use a NOAA weather radio. Remember to replace its battery every 6 months, as you do with your smoke detectors.
Take First Aid, CPR and disaster preparedness classes.
C.E.R.T. - Community Emergency Response Team Training
What is C.E.R.T.? C.E.R.T C.E.R.T. is a group of volunteers from a community, neighborhood, or church who join together to help each other, their families, and neighbors after a natural disaster, like a major storm, hurricane, or tornado. In order to do this safely, volunteers need to receive special training. How does a volunteer get training? Clearwater Fire & Rescue sponsors the C.E.R.T. program in Clearwater. The training participants receive is free to City employees and those citizen volunteers who reside within the City of Clearwater. At the conclusion of the training, students receive a C.E.R.T backpack, hard hats, gloves, special monogrammed vests, flashlights, and first aid kits so they are prepared to help others in an emergency situation within their neighborhoods. Instructors are from Clearwater Fire & Rescue and are experts in their field. Why should you have a C.E.R.T. program in your community? In a major weather emergency, professional emergency services personnel—like paramedics, police, fire, and ambulance—are sometimes hard pressed to respond to a community’s immediate needs because of the volume of calls for help. In addition, no emergency services personnel are allowed to respond if the sustained wind speed is greater than 40 - 45 MPH, so communities are on their own until after the hurricane, storm, tornado, or coastal flooding passes. If a C.E.R.T. program is organized and operational in your neighborhood, then the C.E.R.T. team will be trained and ready to help families, loved ones, and neighbors. volunteer Who can volunteer for C.E.R.T. training? Any adult who can communicate and use common sense can volunteer. Retired people can be very effective because more often than not, they are home and are the first to know what is happening in their neighborhood when there is an emergency. Citizen volunteers (like you) can aid in saving lives and stabilizing property and can help a community get back on its feet in those first critical hours after a storm passes.
When do classes meet? Classes usually meet one night each week for about two hours for eight weeks. There is no written “homework,” and volunteers need to be committed to completing the training and attending each session. Most of the training is handson and includes topics such as First Aid, emergency medical operations, light fire suppression, fire extinguisher training, light search and rescue, and the psychology of disaster relief. NO SPECIAL SKILLS are required. We will teach you everything you need to know. Whom to contact? If you are interested in starting a C.E.R.T. group in your neighborhood, organization, or church, contact Clearwater Fire & Rescue at 562-4334.
Hurricane Panels and Shutters
There are a large variation of materials, designs, manufacturers, and contractors for hurricane shutters. This list is not an endorsement or recommendation of any is company or design over another. It is up to you to decide which option best suits needs. you and your needs, and contact a vendor for pricing and suitability to your needs. Hurricane Panels: Plywood
The simplest and least expensive option is to create hurricane panels out of 5/8 in or ¾ in plywood. Measure each window opening and cut the plywood 8 in to 12 in larger overall to provide a 4 in to 6 in overlap beyond the window opening. Fasten to the structural members at the margins of the window with 3/16 inch diameter (minimum) screws, lagbolts with shields, Tapcon fasteners, or Expanding Sleeve bolts (referred to as redheads or DynaBolts) depending upon whether your home is wood frame or block. They should be fastened at least every 12 inches around the entire perimeter of the plywood. Pros: Pros Relatively inexpensive and fairly easy for the Do-It-Your-Selfers. Cons: Cons Difficult to store, unwieldy to install/remove by yourself particleboard NOTE: DO NOT USE Wafer wood, OSB, and particleboard as alternatives to plywood!! They will FAIL readily and rapidly when wet!! Hurricane Panels: Corrugated Metal
The next least expensive and more complicated method would be to purchase corrugated Steel or Aluminum removable panels. These require the installation of a mounting track either above and below or on either side of the window opening. These tracks are permanently mounted to the structural frame outside of the window opening and the metal panels are pre-cut to fit the opening with mounting holes pre-drilled at the ends of the panels. When a storm threatens, the panels are slid into place in the track and fastened in place. Note: for Steel, use minimum 22 ga steel thickness (gauge thicknesses run backward! 24 ga is THINNER than 22 ga) For Aluminum, use at least 0.050 in thick aluminum. Pros: Pros still affordable, easier to store, easier to install/remove alone. Cons: Cons steel: heavy, awkward to maneuver large panels. Aluminum is about twice as expensive as steel, but about ½ the weight. Both of these can be do- it- yourself for intermediate level of competency, but both can be purchased with installation by licensed Contractor.
Although these are installed the same as the steel or aluminum, they are significantly more expensive, with less weight than steel. These have the advantage of being very lightweight, very strong, and clear, allowing light into the home. They are about 4 times the cost of steel and twice that of aluminum. Pros: Pros easy to install/remove alone, ease of storage the same as steel & aluminum Cons: Cons getting pricey, sunlight will weaken them over time. These can be do- it-yourself for intermediate level of competency, or can be purchased with installation by licensed Contractor. Bahama Shutters: Steel or Aluminum These are framed screens or louvers that are permanently mounted over the entire exterior window opening. Bahama Shutters are decorative, can be painted in any variety of colors, and some can be hinged up or to the side allowing them to be opened for emergency escape in the case of a fire or other emergency. They are very strong, but subject to the same aging effects of their paint as the rest of your house. Pros: Pros permanently in place, protect the windows at all times, no storage issues. Cons: Cons significantly more expensive than panels. These can typically only be purchased installed by licensed contractor. Accordion Fold Shutters: Steel or Aluminum These are mounted at either side of the exterior window opening. There is a track over the top and under the bottom of the window opening. They are stored in place at either side of the window and when they are pulled closed extend from side-toside and latch in the middle of the window…like a bifold closet door. Pros: Pros permanently installed, but store relatively well hidden when not in use. Cons: Cons even more expensive than Bahama Shutters. These can only be purchased installed by a licensed contractor.
Steel, Aluminum, or Reinforced PVC
These are the most expensive typically available hurricane shutter, and also the only one that can be deployed from inside the home. They work much like an industrial overhead garage door and can be either manually operated with a hand crank, or electrically operated by electric motors. When deployed, they silently roll down over the window in permanently mounted tracks located on either side of the exterior window opening. Pros: Pros the easiest of all methods to deploy window shuttering. Can be used on windows over 3 stories above ground. MAY be the only method acceptable for condominium window protection. Con’s: Con’s the most expensive method, and require more periodic maintenance than other methods. These can only be purchased installed by a licensed contractor.
Before Before a Hurricane Threatens
Kennel space will probably not be available and Hurricane Evacuation Shelters will not accept pets. YOU must plan for the evacuation and safety of your pets as part planning. of your preparedness planning. There are over 100 times more pets than kennel spaces in Pinellas County. County animal shelters (Animal Services, Humane Society, etc.) cannot accept your pets. They will need their spaces to accept lost, distressed or wandering animals post-disaster. Make plans for your pets in advance. Contact friends/family outside of the evacuation area to board pets. An I.D. collar with a leash is a necessity! I.D. Implants are a good idea. Contact your vet for information. Have a proper sized pet carrier for each pet. If you use a kennel, make sure it is outside of the evacuation zone and storm path. Make sure that pet’s vaccinations are current. Many kennels will require proof of vaccinations. Dogs: Rabies, distemper, Parvo Group, Bordetella Cats: Rabies, Feline Leukemia, Rhinotracheitis/calici virus, Panleukopenia Horses: Rabies, EEE/VEC/WEE, Tetanus, NEG.Coggins Sites: Large Animal Evacuation Sites: Experience has proven that horses and livestock have a better chance for survival and reduced injury if turned out in clean pastures with native vegetation. WALSINGHAM PARK, 102nd Ave & 125th St in Largo, is a mid-county site ideal for this purpose. Storm: During the Storm: Realize there will be NO PICKUP of animals and shelters will not accept pets. If you board you pet, make sure that you have the following: Leash, proper I.D. collar and rabies tag Clear I.D. marking on all belongings Carrier/cage Ample food supply (at LEAST 3 days) Water & food bowls Medications with dose instructions and prescription clearly written Specific care instructions for your pet clearly written Newspaper, litter, & plastic bags for waste handling & disposal
Storm: After the Storm: Chances are, things will be very different and chaotic after a disaster. Be cautious handling your pet. It will be scared, anxious, and/or excited and may scratch or bite. Be cautious in allowing your pet outdoors. Familiar scents & landmarks may be altered and your pet may get lost. Downed power lines, partially collapsed structures, uprooted trees, etc. are dangers to your pets. Reptiles, stray animals, displaced wildlife all may present life threats to your pet. Trash & garbage may be contaminated and may inadvertently poison pets. Food & water left out during the disaster may be contaminated with the same poisonous results. Animal Animal Shelters: Humane Society, 3040 S.R. #590, Clearwater SPCA, 9099 130th Ave N., Largo Pinellas County Animal Services, 12450 Ulmerton Rd., Largo Friends of Strays, 2911 47th St. N., St. Petersburg
Where will you go when hurricane winds and high water threaten your neighborhood?
In Pinellas County, almost 600,000 residents live in evacuation levels or manufactured homes. Safe public shelter space is very limited. Residents who live in non-evacuation areas are asked to assist with sheltering by becoming a Host Home. Many churches, businesses and civic organizations within Pinellas County have already established Host Home programs for their members. Host Homes in non-evacuation levels serve as safe havens for those who live in low-lying areas or manufactured homes.
You will want to be in a Host Home when the hurricane strikes.
If you live in a manufactured home, or if your house lies anywhere within the evacuation levels A-E, you may be required to evacuate when a hurricane threatens.
The concept of the Host Home program is to match up people who live in evacuation areas, with people who live in non-evacuation areas. Those people who must evacuate their homes during a hurricane will then have a planned destination in which to safely ride out the storm’s passage. The Host Home program works best when people know each other or have some trait in common, such as working for the same company, worshiping at the same church or belonging to the same civic organization. Normally, the employee rosters or membership rolls of such organizations are geographically scattered enough so that effective match-ups can be made between those who must evacuate and those who can safely stay in their homes. As a result, these organizations are the best place to start and maintain a Host Home program.
The following steps can allow any organization to effectively implement a Host Home program for its members: ▪ Assign a leadership role. A successful program is dependent upon a Host Home coordinator taking charge and following all the necessary steps. That person will be instrumental in executing Host Home plans during an emergency and updating Host Home files to keep the data current.
▪ Determine the evacuation needs of your organization’s members. Survey your group to find out who lives in evacuation levels A, B, C, D and E, in manufactured homes and in non-evacuation areas. If you have Internet access, you can check your members’ evacuation levels on line at www.co.pinellas.fl.us/bcc. Otherwise, contact the Pinellas County Department of Emergency Management (464-3800) for assistance. ▪ Determine the suitability of potential Host Homes. Review each home’s structural integrity and presence of mitigation items such as shutters and gable-end bracing. Valuable information on improving home survivability can be found in Pinellas County’s Hurricane Home Preparation Guide available from the Department of Emergency Management (464-3800). ▪ Establish alternate Host Home sites. If all or most of the members of your particular group live in evacuation areas, perhaps a sister organization can provide viable Host Home locations. needs. ▪ Determine special needs If those members who live in evacuation areas do not drive or cannot easily move themselves, establish a contingency plan that will work for them. lifestyles. ▪ Match up similar needs and lifestyles Your group survey can be written so that you can match up smokers with smokers, pet owners with pet owners, etc. ▪ Establish an early relationship with hosts and guests. Let the hosts of the group know who they will be expecting, and let the guests of the group know where they will be going. A good practice session will let everyone know what to expect in a real hurricane situation. The forms, letters and questionnaires in this kit will serve as a guide to creating your own documents. Much of this information can be maintained in a computer database for easy reference. Remember, the needs of your particular group may be unique! Feel free to modify these forms as needed.
Host Home Responsibilities
charge The following duties should be performed by the person in charge of a Host Home. • • • Provide safe, adequate sleeping accommodations and bedding for guests. Provide space to securely store personal items and clothing. Provide/supplement necessary food and water for guests and occupants. (Guests may contribute food or other supplies.) Provide transportation to and from your Host Home if needed (or request a transportation volunteer). If possible, First Aid and CPR training should be taken by someone in the Host Home. Maintain a 3 or 5 day supply of essentials for yourself and each guest. See recommended supply lists on pages 20-25.
Host Home Guest Responsibilities
The following duties are the responsibility of the guest • Bring any needed medications with instructions, eyeglasses or special equipment (wheelchair, braces, etc.) to Host Home when evacuated. Maintain a personal emergency supply kit to be used for an evacuation which would include not only medications, but also several days supply of clothing, personal hygiene items (toothbrush, shaving gear, etc.) and pillows or special bedding. Bring any important personal documents, such as insurance cards. Bring a set of house keys and other vital keys (e.g., safe deposit box, etc). If possible and practical, bring a supply of non-perishable food items, water containers and any special foods to the Host Home. Provide the host home with any necessary personal information such as outof-town family contacts, medical contacts, etc. If you will be bringing any pets to the Host Home location, be sure to bring with you any necessary food, traveling containers or other needed items, such as a cat litter box, dog leashes, dishes and toys.
• • •
Host Home Survey
nonTo be sent to those members living in non-evacuation areas only. Name Address City State Zip Male Female Phone Number
How many persons can your home accommodate? (Check all that apply) Children under six years old Adults age 18 – 35 36 – 50 Over 50
Over six years old
Can you accommodate special needs (wheelchair, special diet, etc.)? Yes No Can you accommodate smokers? Pets? Yes No Yes No
What kind? No
Can you provide transportation of an evacuee to your home? Yes
Do you have a “safe” area without windows or with window protection? No Yes Describe Do you have the recommended supplies on hand? Yes Are you a seasonal resident? Yes Dates when you are not available How long would you be willing to permit a guest family to stay with you? Few Days One or two weeks Indefinitely No No
Host Home Guest Survey
be To be sent to those members living in manufactured homes or evacuation levels A, B, C, D and E.
Name Address City State
Zip Male Female Over six years of age
How many persons need accommodation?
(Check all that apply) Children under six years old Adults: age 18 – 35 36 - 50 Over 50
Special needs (wheelchair bound, special diet, etc.) Yes Does anyone smoke? Yes What kind? No
Will you be bringing pets? Yes What Size? No
Can you provide your own transportation to the Host Home? Yes Will you be bringing the suggested supplies? Yes Are you a seasonal resident? Yes No No
Dates when you are in Pinellas County Additional comments/conditions/needs
3-Day Supply List
FOOD per person (Suggested menu, adjust to your tastes!) Breakfast Large box high fiber cereal –ORBox of 6 assorted Instant oatmeal, cream of wheat, etc. Dried fruit, raisins. Milk (Parmalait) Instant coffee, tea, creamer, sweetener Lunch 3 - Cans of soup, stew, chicken, tuna, spaghetti, etc. 3 - Cans of fruit or fruit cocktail, assorted Small plastic bottle (4 oz) peanut butter Small plastic bottle (4 oz) Jam or honey Melba Toast or Club crackers Powdered drink mix Crackers or chips
Supper 3 - Pouches of commercially pre-cooked main entrée’s: Jambalaya, chicken, Spaghetti, Stew, etc. 3 - Pouches of commercially pre-cooked rice, pasta, or potatoes 6 - Cans assorted vegetables Crackers, chips, breadsticks, etc. Cookies, snack cakes, solid chocolate bars, etc Snacks Trail mix Unsalted nuts Hard candies Granola bars Dried fruit mixes (NOTE: ALL OF THESE CAN BE EATEN WITH MINIMAL HEATING OR WITHOUT COOKING IF NECESSARY) BEVERAGES per person 6 – gallons of clean, safe drinking water (May use empty & cleaned plastic gallon or ½ gallon milk jugs filled with tap water) Powdered drink mixes Powdered milk Instant coffee, tea with powdered creamer & sweetener Reconstituted lemon, lime, or other fruit juices (NOTE: AVOID SODA OR ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. THEY MAY COMPOUND THIRST AND TEND TO BE NUTRITIONALLY POOR.)
COOKING AND EATING SUPPLIES per person 2 – mechanical can openers 2 – ‘church key’ bottle openers 10 – paper plates 10 sets plastic knife, fork, spoons 10 – Plastic, paper, or Styrofoam cups 1 – “Safety Fuel” heating stove (Uses jelled alcohol, like Sterno or Chafing Fuel) 3 – cans “Safety Fuel” 2 – small pots (1 – for heating food, 1 – for heating water) 1 – small fry pan (optional) 1 ea – sturdy plastic/nylon spatula and spoon 1 – pint plastic bottle cooking oil Small plastic bottles favorite spices 1 – pint plastic bottle hand dishwashing detergent 1 – plastic/nylon dish sponge/scrubber 3 – rolls paper towels 12 – assorted “Ziploc” or similar plastic bags 12 – tall kitchen trash bags 2 – boxes of 50 wooden safety matches (sealed in “Ziploc” bags) 1 – small fire extinguisher CLOTHING & BEDDING SUPPLIES per person 2 – pair jeans or heavy workpants 1 – pair shorts 4 – heavy work shirts and t-shirts 2 - belts 4 - sets underwear 4 - pairs work socks 1 – set raingear 1 – windbreaker light/medium weight jacket 1 – set sweatpants/shirt 1 – pair work shoes or work boots 1 – pair sneakers 1 – cap or work hat 2 – set sleeping wear 2 – shower/bath towels 2 – washcloth 1 – set bedding sheets & blanket 1 – cot, air mattress (Full size, max), or sleeping bag Pillows 1 – small flashlight 1 – battery powered book light 1 – battery powered AM/FM/Cassette/CD player with earphones 3 – sets replacement batteries for each above
MEDICATIONS & HYGIENE SUPPLIES per person 30 – day supply of ALL prescription medications in original prescription containers 1 - small box Aspirin, or other OTC analgesic 1 - small bottle of OTC allergy antihistamine 1 - small bottle of rubbing alcohol 1 - small box band aids, antiseptic ointment 1 – small bottle OTC ant diarrhea medication 1 – bottle antacids Feminine hygiene supplies Toothbrush & toothpaste, floss, etc. 1 - small plastic bottle antiseptic mouthwash Shaving supplies and kit (manual only, no electric) Small box of pre-moistened “baby wipes”. Shower/bath soap, shampoo, etc. Hair care products Skin care products, makeup, etc. 1 - Plastic bottle (4 - 8oz) Mosquito repellent (With DEET) Small sewing kit with needle, thread, spare buttons, etc. Spare glasses, hearing aids, contact lenses, etc. 1 – roll Toilet Paper 1 - Plastic Bottle (4 – 8oz) SPF 30 Sunscreen
5–Day Supply List
FOOD per person (Suggested menu, adjust to your tastes!) Breakfast 2 Large boxes high fiber cereal –OR- Box of 12 assorted Instant oatmeal, cream of wheat, etc. Dried fruit, raisins Milk (Parmalat) Instant coffee, tea, creamer, sweetener Lunch 6 - Cans of soup, stew, chicken, tuna, spaghetti, etc. 6 - Cans of fruit or fruit cocktail, assorted Plastic bottle (4 – 6 0z) peanut butter Plastic bottle (4 – 6 oz) jam Melba Toast or Club crackers Powdered drink mix Crackers or chips
Supper 6 - Pouches of commercially pre-cooked main entrée’s: Jambalaya, chicken, Spaghetti, Stew, etc. 6- Pouches of commercially pre-cooked rice, pasta, or potatoes 6 - Cans assorted vegetables Crackers, chips, breadsticks, etc. Cookies, snack cakes, solid chocolate bars, etc. Pre-packaged pudding or jello cups Snacks Trail mix Unsalted nuts Hard candies Granola bars Dried fruit mixes (NOTE: ALL OF THESE CAN BE EATEN WITH MINIMAL HEATING OR WITHOUT COOKING IF NECESSARY) BEVERAGES per person 15 – gallons of clean, safe drinking water (May use empty & cleaned plastic gallon or ½ gallon milk jugs filled with tap water) Powdered drink mixes Powdered milk Instant coffee, tea with powdered creamer & sweetener Reconstituted lemon, lime, or other fruit juices (NOTE: AVOID SODA OR ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. THEY MAY COMPOUND THIRST AND TEND TO BE NUTRITIONALLY POOR.)
COOKING AND EATING SUPPLIES per person 2 – mechanical can openers 2 – ‘church key’ bottle openers 20 – paper plates 20 sets plastic knife, fork, spoons 20 – Plastic, paper, or Styrofoam cups 1 – “Safety Fuel” heating stove (Uses jelled alcohol, like Sterno or Chafing fuel) 5 – cans “Safety Fuel” 2 – small pots (1 – for heating food, 1 – for heating water) 1 – small fry pan (optional) 1 ea – sturdy plastic/nylon spatula and spoon 1 – pint plastic bottle cooking oil Small plastic bottles of favorite spices 1 – pint plastic bottle hand dishwashing detergent 1 – plastic/nylon dish sponge/scrubber 4 – rolls paper towels 12 – assorted “Ziploc” or similar plastic bags 12 – tall kitchen trash bags 2 – boxes of 50 wooden safety matches (sealed in “Ziploc” bags) 1 – small fire extinguisher CLOTHING & BEDDING SUPPLIES per person 5 – pairs work pants 5 – work shirts 2 – pair jeans & polo shirts 2 – pair shorts & t-shirts 2 - belts 7 - sets underwear 7 - pairs work socks 1 – set raingear 1 – windbreaker light/medium weight jacket 1 – set sweatpants/shirt 2 – pair work shoes 1 – pair sneakers 1 – cap or work hat 2 – set sleeping wear 2 – shower/bath towels 2 – washcloth 1 – set bedding sheets & blanket 1 – cot, air mattress (Full size, max), or sleeping bag Pillows 1 – small flashlight 1 – battery powered book light 1 – battery powered AM/FM/Cassette/CD player with earphones 3 – sets replacement batteries for each above
MEDICATIONS & HYGIENE SUPPLIES per person 30 – day supply of ALL prescription medications in original prescription containers 1 – small box Aspirin, or other OTC analgesic 1 - small bottle of OTC allergy antihistamine 1 - small bottle of rubbing alcohol 1 – small box band aids, antiseptic ointment 1 – small bottle OTC antidiarrhea medication 1 – bottle antacids Feminine hygiene supplies Toothbrush & toothpaste, floss, etc. 1 – small plastic bottle antiseptic mouthwash Shaving supplies and kit Shower/bath soap, shampoo, etc. Small box of pre-moistened “baby wipes”. Hair care supplies Skin care products, makeup, etc. 1 - Plastic bottle 4 - 8oz Mosquito repellent (With DEET) Small sewing kit with needle, thread, spare buttons, etc. Spare glasses, hearing aids, contact lenses, etc. 2 – rolls Toilet Paper 1 - Plastic bottle (4 – 8oz) SPF 30 Sunscreen STORAGE OF SUPPLIES 3 – 18 Gallon (or larger) Plastic Storage Tubs with snap on lids (Lockable is optional). 1 – Small hard sided luggage (for personal hygiene, medications, etc.) 1 – Medium-sized Backpack (for portability) 1 – Metal lockable box for cash and personal papers MONEY and PAPERS per person (Sealed in “Ziploc” bags) Cash in small bills ($1, $5, $10, & $20) sufficient for 5 – 7 days until access to banks or ATM’s can be reestablished. Social Security Card Health Care Insurance Card Home Insurance Card or Policy Number Driver’s License (make sure address is current!) Vehicle Insurance Card Birth Certificate COPY of Warranty Deed (to prove home ownership) List of critical personal and family addresses and phone numbers
Health and Safety Guidelines for Returning Home
Your first concern after a disaster is your family’s health and safety. You need to consider possible safety issues and monitor family health and well-being. Injured Aiding the Injured Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of death or further injury. If you must move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, then call for help immediately. • • • If the victim is not breathing, carefully position the victim for artificial respiration, clear the airway, and commence mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Maintain body temperature with blankets. Be sure the victim does not become overheated. Never try to feed liquids to an unconscious person.
Health • • • Be aware of exhaustion. Don’t try to do too much at once. Set priorities and pace yourself. Get enough rest. Drink plenty of clean water. Eat well. Wear sturdy work boots and gloves. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and clean water often when working in debris.
Safety Issues • Be aware of new safety issues created by the disaster. Watch for washed out roads, contaminated buildings, contaminated water, gas leaks, broken glass, damaged electrical wiring, and slippery floors. Inform local authorities about health and safety issues, including chemical spills, downed power lines, washed out roads, smoldering insulation, and dead animals.
General Tips Returning home can be both physically and mentally challenging. Above all, use caution. Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of death or further injury. If you must move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, then call for help immediately. • Keep a battery-powered radio with you so you can listen for emergency updates and news reports. Use a battery-powered flash light to inspect a damaged home. Note: The flashlight should be turned on outside before entering - the battery may produce a spark that could ignite leaking gas, if present. Watch out for animals, especially poisonous snakes. Use a stick to poke through debris. Be wary of wildlife and other animals. Use the phone only to report life-threatening emergencies. Stay off the streets. If you must go out, watch for fallen objects; downed electrical wires; and weakened walls, bridges, roads, and sidewalks.
• • •
Before You Enter Your Home
Walk carefully around the outside and check for loose power lines, gas leaks, and structural damage. If you have any doubts about safety, have your residence inspected by a qualified building inspector or structural engineer before entering. Do not enter if: • • • You smell gas. Floodwaters remain around the building. Your home was damaged by fire and the authorities have not declared it safe.
Going Inside Your Home
When you go inside your home, there are certain things you should and should not do. Enter the home carefully and check for damage. Be aware of loose boards and slippery floors. The following items are other things to check inside your home:
gas. Natural gas. If you smell gas or hear a hissing or blowing sound, open a window and leave immediately. Turn off the main gas valve from the outside, if you can. Call the gas company from a neighbor’s residence. If you shut off the gas supply at the main valve, you will need a professional to turn it back on. Do not smoke or use oil, gas lanterns, candles, or torches for lighting inside a damaged home until you are sure there is no leaking gas or other flammable materials present. fray wires. Sparks, broken or frayed wires. Check the electrical system unless you are wet, standing in water, or unsure of your safety. If possible, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If the situation is unsafe, leave the building and call for help. Do not turn on the lights until you are sure they’re safe to use. You may want to have an electrician inspect your wiring. cracks. Roof, foundation, and chimney cracks. If it looks like the building may collapse, leave immediately. Appliances. Appliances. If appliances are wet, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. Then, unplug appliances and let them dry out. Have appliances checked by a professional before using them again. Also, have the electrical system checked by an electrician before turning the power back on. systems. Water and sewage systems. If pipes are damaged, turn off the main water valve. Check with local authorities before using any water; the water could be contaminated. Pump out wells and have the water tested by authorities before drinking. Do not flush toilets until you know that sewage lines are intact. supplies. Food and other supplies. Throw out all food and other supplies that you suspect may have become contaminated by coming in contact with floodwater. cabinets. Open cabinets. Be alert for objects that may fall. Clean up household chemical spills. Disinfect items that may have been spills. contaminated by raw sewage, bacteria, or chemicals. Also clean salvageable items. agent. Call your insurance agent. Take pictures of damages. Keep good records of repair and cleaning costs.
Recognizing Signs of Disaster Related Stress
When adults have the following signs, they might need crisis counseling or stress management assistance: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Difficulty communicating thoughts. Difficulty sleeping. Difficulty maintaining balance in their lives. Low threshold of frustration. Increased use of drugs/alcohol. Limited attention span. Poor work performance. Headaches/stomach problems. Tunnel vision/muffled hearing. Colds or flu-like symptoms. Disorientation or confusion. Difficulty concentrating. Reluctance to leave home. Depression, sadness. Feelings of hopelessness. Mood-swings and easy bouts of crying. Overwhelming guilt and self-doubt. Fear of crowds, strangers, or being alone.
DisasterEasing Disaster-Related Stress
The following are ways to ease disaster-related stress: • • • • • • • • • Talk with someone about your feelings - anger, sorrow, and other emotions even though it may be difficult. Seek help from professional counselors who deal with post-disaster stress. Do not hold yourself responsible for the disastrous event or be frustrated because you feel you cannot help directly in the rescue work. Take steps to promote your own physical and emotional healing by healthy eating, rest, exercise, relaxation, and meditation. Maintain a normal family and daily routine, limiting demanding responsibilities on yourself and your family. Spend time with family and friends. Participate in memorials. Use existing support groups of family, friends, and religious institutions. Ensure you are ready for future events by restocking your disaster supplies kits and updating your family disaster plan. Doing these positive actions can be comforting.
The following information, developed by the Red Cross with technical advice from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Fire Protection Association (publisher of the National Electric Code ®) and the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, is provided to address questions about using a generator when disaster strikes. Purchasing a Generator If you choose to buy a generator, make sure you get one that is rated for the amount of power that you think you will need. Look at the labels on lighting, appliances, and equipment you plan to connect to the generator to determine the amount of power that will be needed to operate the equipment. For lighting, the wattage of the light bulb indicates the power needed. Appliances and equipment usually have labels indicating power requirements on them. Choose a generator that produces more power than will be drawn by the combination of lighting, appliances, and equipment you plan to connect to the generator including the initial surge when it is turned on. If your generator does not produce adequate power for all your needs, plan to stagger the operating times for various equipment. If you can not determine the amount of power that will be needed, ask an electrician to determine that for you. (If your equipment draws more power than the generator can produce, then you may blow a fuse on the generator or damage the connected equipment.) Using a Generator The primary hazards to avoid when using a generator are carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from the toxic engine exhaust, electric shock or electrocution, and fire. Follow the directions supplied with the generator. Every year, people die in incidents related to portable generator use. circumstances Under no circumstances should portable generators be used indoors, including indoors inside a garage, carport, basement, crawlspace, or other enclosed or partiallyenclosed area, even with ventilation. Opening doors and windows or using fans will not prevent CO buildup in the home. The CO from generators can rapidly lead to full incapacitation and death, but CO can't be seen or smelled. Even if you cannot smell exhaust fumes, you may still be exposed to CO. If you start to feel sick, dizzy, or weak while using a generator, get to fresh air RIGHT AWAY - DO NOT DELAY. Because you may have windows open to get fresh air while the power is out, be sure to place the generator away from windows, doors, and vents that could allow CO to come indoors. To avoid electrocution, keep the generator dry and do not use in rain or wet conditions. To protect the generator from moisture, operate it on a dry surface under an open canopy-like structure, such as under a tarp held up on poles. Dry your hands if wet before touching the generator.
It is a good idea to install battery-operated CO alarms or plug-in CO alarms with battery back-up in your home, according to the manufacturer's installation instructions. If CO gas from the generator enters your home and poses a health risk, the alarm will sound to warn you. Test the battery frequently and replace when needed. Be sure to turn the generator off and let it cool down before refueling. Gasoline refueling spilled on hot engine parts could ignite. Store fuel for the generator in an approved safety can. Use the type of fuel can recommended in the instructions or on the label on the generator. Local laws may restrict the amount of fuel you may store, or the storage location. Ask your local fire department for additional information about local regulations. Store the fuel outside of living areas in a locked shed or other protected area. Do not store it near a fuel-burning appliance, such as a natural gas water heater in a garage. If the fuel is spilled or the container is not sealed properly, invisible vapors from the fuel can travel along the ground and can be ignited by the appliance's pilot light or by arcs from electric switches in the appliance. generator. Plug appliances directly into the generator. Or, use a heavy duty, outdoor-rated extension cord that is rated (in watts or amps) at least equal to the sum of the connected appliance loads. Check that the entire cord is free of cuts or tears and that the plug has all three prongs, especially a grounding pin. Never try to power the house wiring by plugging the generator into a wall outlet, a practice known as “backfeeding.” This is an extremely dangerous practice that presents an electrocution risk to utility workers and neighbors served by the same utility transformer. It also bypasses some of the built-in household protection devices. Future Considerations The only recommended method to connect a generator to house wiring is by having a qualified electrician install a power transfer switch. This switch must be installed in accordance with the National Electrical Code® (NEC), which is published by the National Fire Protection Association, and all applicable state and local electrical codes. Call a qualified electrician or check with your utility company to see if they can install the appropriate equipment. For power outages, permanently installed stationary generators are better suited for providing backup power to the home. Even a properly connected portable generator can become overloaded. This may result in overheating or stressing the generator components, possibly leading to a generator failure. Be sure to read instructions that come with the generator to make sure you operate it within its limitations for power output.
Fact Sheet: Using a Chain Saw Safely
Here are some helpful tips on using a chain saw to clean up debris after a storm. The chain saw is a time saving and efficient power tool. It can be unforgiving and lethal, however, causing injury or death in the hands of an uninformed and unaware operator. It is not the chain saw causing the accidents or injuries but the environment in which it is used. (According to the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, there were more than 33,000 chain saw related injuries in 1998.) Read your safety manual that came with your chain saw. If you are going to help clear tree and wood debris, you should wear at least: • • • • A helmet system (consisting of head, face and hearing protection) Cotton or leather gloves Chain saw protective chaps or chain saw protective pants (UL Listed) A pair of chain saw protective work boots with steel toes
These are required by OSHA reg. 1910.266 for all employed chain saw operators. These products can be found at your local chain saw dealer. Read your owner’s manual concerning kickback. To reduce the risk of kickback injury: • • • • • • • Use a reduced kickback bar, low kickback chain and chain brake Avoid contact between the bar tip and any object Hold the chain saw firmly with both hands Do not over-reach Do not cut above shoulder height Check the chain brake frequently Follow sharpening and maintenance instructions for the chain saw
Make sure that your chain saw has these features, and that the features are working: • • • • • Chain brake (manual or inertia) Chain catcher Working safety throttle switch Working on/off switch Spark arrester
properly Make sure your chain saw carburetor is properly adjusted. This should be done by a trained servicing dealer. A misadjusted carburetor will cause stalling or poor performance and could cause the operator to be injured.
gasFill a gas-powered chain saw when the engine is cool. If the saw is out of gas, let it cool 30 minutes before refueling. Do not smoke when refueling the saw! Use a chain saw outdoors only. Have several commercially sharpened saw chains to match your chain saw and bar. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT! You can immediately dull a chain saw chain by hitting the ground with the tip, cutting dirty wood, or hitting a rock or nails. It is very tiring to cut with a dull chain and the extra pressure you apply to the chain saw to cut faster will only increase your chance of an injury! hazards! Look out for hazards! Broken or hanging branches, attached vines, or a dead tree that is leaning. All of these hazards can cause the chain saw operator to be injured. If you have to cut a dead tree, be very careful! The top could break off and kill you. If the tree is broken and under pressure, make sure you know which way the pressure is going. If you’re not sure, make small cuts to release some of the pressure before cutting up the section. Be careful of young trees that other trees have fallen on. They act like spring poles and may propel the chain saw back into your leg. (Many professional loggers have been hurt in this manner.) Felling a dangerous broken tree should be left to a professional cutter. A downed tree may weigh several tons and can easily injure or kill an unaware chain saw operator. More injuries occur during clean up after a hurricane than during the storm. Carry the chain saw with the engine off. When bucking up (cutting) a downed tree: Place a plastic wedge into the cut to keep your chain saw from binding up. They are available at any chain saw dealer and sometimes come packaged with the saw.
Never cut when tired or alone. Most woodcutting accidents occur late in the afternoon when most people are pushing to finish up for the day. Always work with a partner but never around children or pets. Use a chain saw from the ground level only, not on a ladder or in a tree. When felling a tree, keep everyone at least “two tree lengths away.” You should have a preplanned escape route. It should be at a 45° angle from the projected direction of a falling tree. Make sure there is nothing that could trip or stop you from making a quick retreat. When picking up heavy wood debris, get several helpers. Bend your knees and lift with your legs, not your back. A 24-inch log may weigh over 100 pounds. Cleaning up tree damage after a storm is a very demanding job. If you follow these basic tips you can avoid preventable injuries. This information was provided to the American Red Cross courtesy of Gränsfors Bruks, Inc., a manufacturer/supplier of logging safety apparel and accessories, of Summerville, S.C., and is used with permission. This information has also been reviewed for technical accuracy by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Shelley Kuroghlian President, Spring Lake HOA www.fema.gov
Preparing for Special Needs Neighbors Personal Disaster Plan C.E.R.T. Training Hurricane Shutters Pet Shelter Info Host Home Info 3-Day Supply Kit 5-Day Supply Kit Returning Home Disaster Related Stress Generator Information Chain Saw Safety
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