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Priority Actions Programme _Regional Activity Centre

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Priority Actions Programme _Regional Activity Centre Powered By Docstoc
					Note: This Inception Report was prepared by Ms. Sawsan Mehdi, National CAMP Project Coordinator, with the support of the Priority Actions Programme Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC), namely Mr. Ivica Trumbić, PAP/RAC Director, and Mr. Marko Prem, PAP/RAC Deputy Director. The valuable contribution to the preparation of the Report was provided by the MAP Regional Activity Centres (RACs) involved in CAMP Lebanon, i.e. the Blue Plan (BP/RAC), Environment Remote Sensing (ERS/RAC), Specially Protected Areas (SPA/RAC) and the Programme for the Protection of Coastal Historic Sites (100 HS).

Table of Contents:

A. B.

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1 THE INCEPTION REPORT: OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO ITS PREPARATION ............................................................................................................... 4 PROJECT OBJECTIVES, STRATEGY AND PHASING ......................................................... 5 OBJECTIVES OF INDIVIDUAL PROJECT ACTIVITIES ...................................................... 9 THE INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS AND ORGANISATION ...................................... 40 EXPECTED RESULTS AND OUTPUTS ............................................................................ 45 METHODOLOGIES AND TOOLS TO BE APPLIED ........................................................... 47 LINKAGES ................................................................................................................... 49 WORKPLAN AND TIMETABLE ....................................................................................... 50 MONITORING, EVALUATION AND REPORTING ............................................................ 53

C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J.

List of Acronyms
BP/RAC CAMP CCA CDR CZ CZM DA DGUP ERS/RAC EU GIS ICAM ICARM IT LA MAP MCSD MEDU MoE NFP NGO NPC NTC NTL PAP/RAC PC PRA RAC RS SEA SEFS SPA SPA/RAC SPSA SSA SIs TL TOR TS UNCED UNDP UNEP 100 HS Blue Plan Regional Activity Centre Coastal Area Management Programme Carrying Capacity Assessment Council for Development and Reconstruction Coastal Zone Coastal Zone Management Diagnostic Analysis Directorate General of Urban Planning Environment Remote Sensing Regional Activity Centre European Union Geographic Information Systems Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management Information Technology Local Agenda Mediterranean Action Plan Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development The Co-ordinating Unit of the Mediterranean Action Plan Ministry of Environment National Focal Point Non-governmental Organisation National Project Co-ordinator National Steering Committee National Team Leader Priority Actions Programme Regional Activity Centre Project Co-ordinator Participatory Rural Appraisal Regional Activity Centre Remote Sensing Strategic Environment Assessment Self Evaluation Facts Sheet Specially Protected Area Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis Systemic Sustainability Analysis Sustainability Indicators Team Leader Terms of Reference Technical Specification United Nations Conference on Environment and Development United Nations Development Programme United Nations Environment Programme Programme for the Protection of Coastal Historic Sites

A.

INTRODUCTION

1. The Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP) Project for Lebanon is implemented within the CAMP of the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) - UNEP, as one of its national projects. CAMP is the MAP component for sustainable coastal management, integrating environmental concerns into development planning and management, oriented at understanding and resolving practical environment, development and management problems in Mediterranean coastal areas. Applying principles of sustainable development, and methodologies and tools of Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management (ICAM), CAMP is implemented through individual projects within selected coastal areas. Each individual CAMP Project is initiated, approved, formulated and implemented following a general conceptual and institutional framework, applied according to specificities of each project (UNEP/MAP, 1999). 2. The decision to implement a CAMP Project for Lebanon was adopted at the Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, held in 1995, following a request presented by the Government of Lebanon. Since early 1999, several MAP missions were initiated to discuss the outcomes of the above-mentioned decision with the national authorities concerned by Coastal Zone Management (CZM). Advanced discussions led to the decision to conduct this Project in the area located to the South of Beirut, somewhere between Khaldeh and Sour (Tyre). As a result, a feasibility study for CAMP Lebanon Project was prepared with the objective to address the requirements for CAMP implementation under the prevailing institutional and professional conditions in Lebanon and assess the possibilities for a successful CAMP implementation in Lebanon. Three municipalities with different problematic and stakes (mainly from environment and management point of view) were selected for an in-depth analysis and activity implementation. The Agreement was signed in April 2001. 3. The Project area is defined at two levels:  the national coastal area located to the South of Beirut, the Capital, and  the three municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, as the operational level.

4. The Lebanese coastal stretch extends over 210 km starting from Naqoura in the South and extending to Al-Kabeer River, which delimitates the border with Syria in the North. The coast is characterised by quasi-homogeneity of the environmental problems encountered all along the shore with a main concern towards water resource pollution and urban expansion. Most of the coastal urbanisation is located to the Northern Beirut, with a high density of industrial zones, private beaches and hotel resorts invading the remaining agricultural lands. The industrial sector is considered as a major source of marine and water sources of pollution. Around 20,000 units are located with many of them having no legal permits or located in industrial zones. Moreover, the scattered distribution of a larger number of industries all over the coast resulted in coastal settlements and led to the privatisation of public domains and huge construction all along the shore. Tourism is concentrated mainly in Beirut and its surroundings in the form of summer resorts despite of the status of water estimated to be highly polluted. However, the privatisation of beaches and the devastation of the coastal area by huge tourist complexes, as well as industrial plants, are not helping in designing a sustainable tourism development plans on the coast. 5. Agricultural plots are gradually replaced by industrial and human development. To the South of Beirut, citrus, bananas and vegetables are being reduced due to urban expansion, especially with the absence of a clear national policy to guide and enforce the domestic agricultural production. Land degradation is highly noticed. Coastal woodlands are reduced dramatically mainly due to overgrazing charcoal production and urbanisation. Natural woodland vegetation remains in very few coastal areas, including slopes close to Kalb, Damour and Awali Rivers. Freshwater fauna is believed to be suffering from pollution given prevailing pollution of
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Lebanon's rivers. However, it is to mention that several coastal hotspots are of highly biological, scenery or natural values are worth to be subject to fast and deep conservation programmes. 6. The present regulatory and legislative tools in Lebanon are old and outdated. A framework law for an Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) is still lacking, being so far substituted by ministerial decisions promulgated to regulate sectoral issues, such as solid waste management, quarries, and so forth. Overlapping duties among concerned institutions and the lack of proper enforcement and implementation mechanisms (added to the degradation of the coast and its resources) as the protection and management of the coastal area, are the responsibility of many ministries and public agencies. Added to that are the administrative constraints that are constantly facing the civil servant staff, such as low salaries and weaknesses in some expertise dealing with environmental issues. 7. The scope of the CAMP Lebanon extends from the South of Beirut, between Khaldeh and Sour (Tyre). CAMP Lebanon area occupies around 615 km2, or almost 6% of the overall Lebanese territory. However, as a coastline, the study area occupies 85 km, or 33% of the total coastline. 8. CAMP area contains a significant portion of the inhabitants, and consequently its economic, social, educational and other sectoral activities. Although it is an area where development pressures are not currently as high as in some parts of the Lebanese coastal area, the same environmental pressures are perceived. It is expected that after the Israeli withdrawal (May 2000) these pressures will rise at a fast rate, unless some preventive actions and initiatives are carried out in the short and medium term. 9. In the scope of the diagnostic study for CAMP carried out in 1999, eight municipalities were identified and deeply studied for the implementation of the various activities identified within CAMP programme, and these municipalities are: Aramoun- Ain-Ksour- Bsatine; Damour; Jiyeh; Cheem; Saida; Neemeh; Sarafand; and Borj Chemaly. Out of these eight hotspots, the towns of Damour and Sarafand were selected as pilot areas for CAMP implementation. The choice was based upon a set of parameters and criteria pertaining to (1) the major socioeconomic sectors in town, (2) the status of the Municipality, (3) the local communities and presence of Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs), (4) the environmental situation at microlevel, and (5) the presence of favourable conditions for CAMP implementation. After the Israeli withdrawal from Southern Lebanon, the town of Naqoura was also included within the Project implementation scope. 10. Damour City is characterised by its strategic geographical situation, being on the coast and the beginning of the Chouf mountain area and the South of Lebanon. It is one of the first villages to suffer from massive displacements, with very few inhabitants yet to return. The major economical activity is agriculture, however, the city suffers from severe water pollution coming from upstream areas. CAMP implementation is expected to have a very positive impact on the city due to its institutional capacity and incentives, and its richness in agricultural areas, forests, sandy beaches and marine resources, and to the location of Damour River, which passes through many villages in the Chouf, being an important asset. 11. The municipality of Sarafand appeared to have very interesting characteristics on the level of the available natural and human resources. In addition, the historical importance of the town as continuity to Tyre City is a good incentive for the preservation and management of this area. On the other hand, the severity of environmental problems, such as wastewater discharges into the sea with no prior treatment, and the proximity of residences to these effluent discharge points and their health risks, and the hasty conservation of maritime public domains, are issues determining to prioritise Sarafand among the three selected municipalities.
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CAMP Project will have a good impact on the town due to the availability of a good economic tool, namely the fishing sector. 12. After the Israeli withdrawal, in May 2000, from the Southern Lebanese territory, the Ministry of Environment (MoE) decided to include the town of Naqoura as one of the pilot municipalities due to the presence of a sandy beach and bay of high scenery value that could be subject to future threat from major tourist settlements, if necessary protective measures are not put in place on time. The new municipal elections that took place in September 2001 gave place to a new team that requires strong technical assistance in the field of coastal zone management, namely urban planning, and the protection of the water resources from domestic effluents. Naqoura is characterised by an active fishery and agricultural activity. 13. The Project Agreement signed between the Ministry of Environment, Lebanon, and UNEP, in April 2001, defines the basic elements of the Project, including the Project objectives and strategy, structure, its various phases and outputs, the Project institutional structure, the activities to be implemented at Project level, the funding and cost-sharing mechanism, the various institutions involved, and the general Workplan and Timetable. In addition, basic elements of Individual Project Activities are defined, as well as the achievement indicators, the monitoring and reporting procedure, and the Post Project Activities to be implemented. The present Inception Report was presented during the Inception Workshop. The preparation of its final version was drafted according to the outcomes of this Workshop. 14. The Lebanese Environment and Development Observatory (LEDO) is a project that is funded by European Union (EU), managed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and executed at the premises of the Ministry of Environment. Project main objectives are to (1) gather environment and development data, reduce gaps and redundancies and pool the efforts of the concerned stakeholders, (2) provide proper information and better understanding of the state of environment and development in Lebanon, (3) supply decision makers with relevant information for proper planning to gear their actions towards sustainable development, and (4) establish a continuous environmental monitoring system based on environment and development indicators. Besides the Ministry of Environment, LEDO is also a partner to the CAMP Project by providing the necessary platform for the database and indicators relevant to the area concerned by CAMP Project. 15. Due to the delay in launching the Project, CAMP was subject to modifications in terms of financial aspects, as well as in formulating relevant activities. LEDO phased out end of March 2002 (after being extended for additional 3 months), which will surely have an impact on the implementation of some common activities between the two projects, namely related to indicators and the database. In February, the Ministry took the decision to allocate a large part of its cash contribution to the design and formulation of an Integrated Master Plan for Damour River Basin. Other minor contributions were left for co-ordination, awareness raising and publication costs. On the other hand, the Ministry decided also to remove the National Steering Committee (NSC) from the CAMP Project. MAP approved this decision during the meeting of February 15th 2002 in Beirut. It is to note that negative consequences might result from such a decision especially on the level of regular and solid involvement, participation and follow up of government, academic and non-governmental institutions, as well as the private sector that are concerned by the coastal zone management. Finally, the Ministry suggested not to include international consultants in the Project, however, MAP could not accept this decision as the main objective of CAMP is to stress on the presence of international expertise for exchange of knowledge and experiences through training, capacity building and technical guidance.

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B.
a)

THE INCEPTION REPORT: OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO ITS PREPARATION
Objectives of the Inception Report

16. This Inception Report is the first integrated basic document of the Project, which aims at securing integration and providing detailed instructions for the implementation of the Project, both at the Project level, as well as at the level of each individual Project activity. 17. In addition, the objective of the Inception Report is to define:  the methodologies, tools and techniques to be applied,  the Workplan and Timetable of the activities to be implemented,  the Terms of Reference (TORs) specific to each individual activity, and  the monitoring procedure, to be defined by interrelating actions, achievement indicators, assumptions and risks, within the Logical Framework Analysis.

18. The final objective of this Inception Report is to harmonise, interrelate and integrate actions to be implemented within individual Project activities with those at the Project level.

b)

Activities related to the Inception Report

19. Activities related to the preparation of the Inception Report, implemented by CAMP Project Co-ordinator and PAP/RAC, are the following:  Consultations and exchange of information with other MAP Regional Activity Centres involved in the Project;  Preparation of Draft Technical Specifications for the various activities;  Organisation of the Inception Workshop, which was held in Lebanon, on May 27 th and 28th, 2002; and  Preparation of the final version of the Inception Report, in accordance with the results of the Inception Workshop. 20. Regional Activity Centres were contacted and their inputs were incorporated in the Project Thematic Activities.

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C.
a)
21.

PROJECT OBJECTIVES, STRATEGY AND PHASING
Project objectives and strategy
The objectives of the Project are defined in accordance with:  priority needs, as presented within the Diagnostic Analysis Report (1999) that highlighted national needs and priorities, and  the general objectives of MAP and of its Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP).

General objective The Project aims at contributing to sustainable development and integrated coastal area management in Lebanon by strengthening environmental management institutions and protecting the coastal resources of Southern Lebanon. The immediate objectives of the Project Thematic Activities are as follows: i) to identify and elaborate strategies, solutions, tools and actions for sustainable development, environment protection and rational utilisation of coastal and marine resources of the national coastline, in particular related to the Southern Coast of Lebanon, ii) to apply methodologies, tools and practices of sustainable coastal management and of Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management (ICAM), iii) to contribute to the upgrading of the relevant national and local capacities, iv) to provide for the application in practice of the Project results and experiences, creating conditions for and implementing the Post Project Activities, as envisaged by the Project Agreement, and v) to use the experiences and results achieved by the CAMP projects implemented in other areas at national and regional levels. Specific objectives The Project will address the conservation of coastal resources in Southern Lebanon by developing and applying concepts of sustainable development and methods and tools of Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management to the economic and social development activities of the area. The specific objectives according to the Thematic Activities are:     Objective 1:To secure a harmonised, timely and cost-effective implementation of the Project in accordance with the Project Agreement. Objective 2: To identify and elaborate strategies and actions contributing to the rational utilisation of coastal and marine resources of Lebanon, focusing on South Lebanon. Objective 3: To apply methodologies, tools and practices of sustainable development, and of Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management; Objective 4: To contribute to the upgrading of national and local capacities for sustainable development, integrated coastal management and protection of the environment. Objective 5: To develop planning, management and implementation approaches at Project area applicable to other areas at regional and national levels.



5



Objective 6: To integrate the concepts of, and thereby the application, of integrated coastal zone management into relevant sectoral planning and decision- making at national and local levels. Objective 7: To establish close links with the LEDO project in order to develop a coastal area database, GIS and indicators to function as the Project's information centre for collection, analysis, organisation, integration and dissemination of information to the Project teams implementing individual activities and specifically to create a database framework for the Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. Objective 8: To inventory and monitor the marine biodiversity status of the CAMP area. Objective 9: To encourage active and informed participation of local communities in specific and general public at large, in the protection and conservation of coastal resources through implementation of Local Agenda 21 and other means of information dissemination.



 

22. The strategy of the Project is based upon the principles of sustainable development, applying the methodology of ICAM. The Project will be implemented within the existing national legal and planning framework, using as basic inputs existing planning and development-related documents, available information sources on natural resources, socioeconomic conditions, problems, causes, sources and impacts of pollution. The CAMP Project will be implemented by teams of national experts, guided and assisted, as the need arises, by MAP experts and professionals. 23. The Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management (ICAM) is a major tool in the realisation of sustainable development in coastal areas. 24. The Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD) adopted the following recommendations on Coastal Zone Management (CZM) based on the findings of the CZM Working Group, and in light of the work of the BP/RAC and PAP/RAC, on the rapid degradation of many coastal areas, such as islands, with their inherent risks to certain economic activities: (i) To improve institutional mechanisms for the integrated management of coastal areas by creating, if necessary, and/or strengthening inter-ministerial or inter-administrative structures and frameworks for the co-ordination of the actors involved in coastal development and management and the integration of their activities. Local and regional authorities should be invited to play a significant role in the preparation of integrated coastal management strategies. To establish or strengthen and enforce legislative and regulatory instruments. To ensure access to information in order to raise awareness and training for the largest possible number of actors. Capitalising on and disseminating information should be encouraged through exchanges of experience and transfer of know-how by making use of MAP structures. To establish appropriate systems of incentives for the integrated management of coastal areas by developing economic, financial and tax instruments, which would ensure that the costs of the protection and management of natural areas would be linked to as well as balanced by the financial resources generated by development. Funds from multilateral services, bilateral co-operation and domestic resources should be better coordinated. To develop with the support of relevant international organisations and of the European Union, practical pilot projects in the field of coastal areas management and disseminate the results.
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(ii) (iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

To increase opportunities and improve the effectiveness of active public participation. The role of the public is very important within the context of sustainable development of coastal areas, according to a principle of joint responsibility, which should be encouraged.

25. The results of the Project will be presented to the national authorities in the form of user-friendly outputs providing justification for their application and use.

b)

Phasing of the Project

26. The phasing of the Project implementation follows the standard ICAM procedure (UNEP, 1995), and the detailed description presented in the Operational Manual: Formulation and Implementation of CAMP Projects (UNEP/MAP, 1999): Project phasing will follow the approach incorporated in the ICAM methodology:   Stage I: Initiation (implemented before the signing of the Agreement) Stage II: Detailed formulation of the Project:  Initial data collection;  Meeting prerequisites for implementation;  Draft Technical Specifications;  Draft Inception Report;  Diagnostic Analysis;  Inception Workshop/Final Inception Report; and  Approval to start the Implementation Phase. Stage III: Implementation:  Initial implementation activities, including preparation of the final version of the Technical Specifications for individual activities, signature of the Aide-Mémoire;  Implementation of individual activities;  Integration of results, including the preparation of the final Project Report; and  Presentation of the results. Stage IV: Post Project Activities:  Formulation and implementation of follow-up activities;  Monitoring and reporting; and  Presentation and use of results at MAP level.





c)

Project co-ordination and integration of Project results

27. Sound Project co-ordination will assist in securing a harmonised, timely and cost-effective implementation of the Project, in accordance with the Project Agreement and in particular related to: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The implementation of the Inception Workshop, as initial training to the National Team Leaders and other representatives involved in the Project; Securing co-ordination among MAP and national authorities involved; Securing flows of information and feedback related to data collected and other results of individual activities; Meeting prerequisites for the implementation of the Project as a whole and of its individual activities; Providing feedback and inputs among individual activities, securing thus consistence of individual outputs;
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(vi)

Providing logistic assistance, financial procedures, supervision and verification of expenditures;

(vii) Securing integration of results at Project level; (viii) Preparation of final Project documents; (ix) (x) 28. Presentation of Project results; and Reporting to MAP and MoE on progress achieved, and preparing the Project Terminal Report and Self Evaluation Facts Sheet (SEFS). The I. II. III. IV. Project is structured in four segments: Co-ordination and functional activities, Individual Project activities, Integration of Project results, and Post Project activities.

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D. OBJECTIVES OF INDIVIDUAL PROJECT ACTIVITIES
29. In addition to the general objectives of the Project, specific objectives are defined for each Project Thematic Activity. The Thematic Activities are: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM); Integrated Water Resource Management; Marine Conservation Areas; Tourism and Sustainable Development; Urban Management and Sustainable Development; Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA);

(vii) Data and Information Management; and (viii) The Participatory Programme elaborated at national and local levels. The specific objectives of these Thematic Activities are as follows: a) (i) (ii) (iii) Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM): To elaborate the proposal for establishment of a national co-ordination/consultative body for coastal zone management; To formulate a sustainable ICAM Strategy at national and Southern Lebanon levels; To provide assistance to national efforts towards the establishment of a legal framework for ICAM in Lebanon, taking into consideration the heritage pertaining to culture, history and nature; To review urban master plans of concerned municipalities by integrating environmental, historical, natural and archaeological considerations, and consequently to establish ICAM plans; and To improve the knowledge of the cultural heritage through updating Lebanese coastal historical sites. Integrated Water Resource Management: To establish a management framework for the protection, use, monitoring, and long-term conservation of water resources to serve the diverse spatial and sectoral development needs arising from population growth, agricultural activities, tourism and industry; To apply methodology and tools of Integrated Water Resource Management; and To optimise the exploitation of water resources in the activity area, and assess water losses due to inefficient uses and bad practices. Marine Conservation Areas: To implement a pilot activity related to the inventory of marine biotopes, following the technical tools elaborated within MAP, as a contribution to national efforts toward conservation of natural sites of particular interest, and fragile and vulnerable marine resources; and To initiate and provide the basis and experiences for a continuous activity on Marine Conservation Areas in the country, by formulating protection and management measures for the areas covered by the Project, and elaborate proposals for the follow up of the action.

(iv)

(v) b) (i)

(ii) (iii) c) (i)

(ii)

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d) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) e) (i) (ii)

Tourism and Sustainable Development: To contribute to a sustainable development of tourism in Lebanon, and in particular CAMP area; To contribute to the protection of the environment and rational use of tourism resources; To identify conflicts, opportunities and environmental threats for sound tourism development; To formulate recommendations for land use and future development of tourism; and To formulate proposals for a follow up of the activity. Urban Management and Sustainable Development: To strengthen and improve urban management and land-use planning; To identify urban sustainable development and management problems and land-use planning conflicts in the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, particularly those related to coastal environment by introducing and applying methodologies and tools based on satellite Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS); and To assist MoE and concerned municipalities to resort to advanced techniques for supporting national planning activities and policies. Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA): To contribute to national efforts towards a sustainable development of South Lebanon, by preparing a set of Sustainability Indicators (SIs) and a Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA), to be made on the basis of description and assessment of level of sustainability by main indicators; To introduce and apply SSA as a specific tool for sustainable management, in this case of coastal and marine areas; To contribute to preparation of comprehensive integrated final Project documents, by presenting a crucial analysis; and To create inputs of interest for the activities of the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD), for a wide use in the Mediterranean region. Data and Information Management:

(iii) f) (i)

(ii) (iii) (iv) g)

30. The objective of this Thematic Activity is to establish close links with LEDO project through developing a common coastal area database, GIS maps and indicators to function as the Project information centre to the Project teams that are implementing the individual Project activities. This will be achieved through: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) h) 31. (i) Collecting existing data and setting a proper coastal database; Establishing a framework database for the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura; Introducing and applying proper approaches and methods for satellite data processing and integration; and Addressing specific training courses in that regard. Participatory Programme: The objectives of this Thematic Activity are: To introduce and facilitate "bottom-up" approach in environmental management;
10

(ii) (iii)

To strengthen and apply the framework of the existing Local Agenda 21; To contribute to the application of the participatory principle, by securing the involvement of the general public, NGOs, scientific community and interested private industries, within the overall framework of the Project activities; and To contribute to upgrading national capacities for application of participatory tools and techniques, in particular related to the various above-mentioned Thematic Activities by organising relevant training courses and events.

(iv)

32. This scheme presents the various CAMP Thematic Activities and how they are interrelated. In this respect, it is to be noted that the Thematic Activity on Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) includes by itself several sub-thematic components of legislative, regulatory, policy and technical aspects. It is also considered as the major component that will reflect and integrate the major policy outputs of the other Thematic Activities that will be carried out by the RACs.

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PROJECT THEMATIC COMPONENTS
Project co-ordination and integration at Project level
Objective One: To secure a harmonised, timely and cost-effective implementation of the Project in accordance with Project Agreement   Activity 1.1: To implement the Inception Workshop, as well as the training of the National Team Leaders and other national representatives involved in the Project. Activity 1.2: To prepare the Inception Report, including providing assistance and supervision of Technical Specifications, preparation of consultants TORs and their contracts. Activity 1.3: To provide logistical assistance for financial procedures, as well as supervision and verification of incurred expenditures. Activity 1.4: To secure flows of information and feedback related to data collected and other results of individual activities. Activity 1.5: To prepare Final Project Documents and present Project results. Activity 1.6: To report on progress and prepare the Project Terminal Report and Self Evaluation Facts Sheet (SEFS).

   

Actors involved: CAMP Office, PAP/RAC, MoE. Duration: All along the Project.

Outputs:
         National Team Leaders and experts trained on CZM; Flow of information secured among diverse institutions involved in CAMP; Better management at local level; Co-ordinating missions; Mission Reports; Inception Report; Inception Workshop; Follow-up proposals; Urgent Investment Portfolio.
2001 In cash In kind 3 40 3 2002 In cash 18 15 4 37 In kind 2 2 27 2003 In cash 12 15 In kind 1 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 55 45 4 104 In kind 6 6

Contribution by

MAP (PAP/RAC) MEDU MoE Grand Total

25 15

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Activity Logical Framework: Co-ordination and Integration at Project Level
The Project Objective To secure a harmonised, timely and cost-effective implementation of the Project in accordance with Project Agreement. Expected results National team leaders and experts trained on CZM; Flow of information secured among diverse institutions involved with CAMP; Better management at local level; Co-ordinating missions; Presentation Conference; Harmonisation Workshop; Inception Workshop; Follow-up proposals; and Urgent Investment Portfolio. Activities A 1.1: Implementation of Inception Workshop and training to National Team Leaders and other national representatives involved in the Project. A 1.2: Preparation of the Inception Report, including providing assistance and supervision of Technical Specifications, preparation of consultants TORs and their contracts. A 1.3: Provision of logistical assistance for financial procedures, as well as supervision and verification of incurred expenditures. A 1.4: Secure flows of information and feedback related to data collected and other results of individual activities. A 1.5: To prepare Final Project Documents and present Project results. A 1.6: To report on progress and prepare the Project Terminal Report and Self Evaluation Facts Sheet (SEFS). Support of MoE secured; Agreement on the date of implementing of the Inception Workshop; Adequate national and international experts are recruited; - Contracts of experts prepared and signed; Contracts forms; Assumptions/risks Support of MoE secured. Monitoring indicators - Project activities are implemented according to Timetable and Workplan. - Inception Workshop held on time. Mission Reports; Inception Report; Progress Reports; Final Integrated Project Document; Conference presentation, documents and reports; Project Terminal Report and SEFS. Means of verification

Support of MoE and municipalities secured all through the Project.

Requests for payments; - Contract of CAMP National Co-ordinator Financial Reports. renewed and signed; - Technical Specifications drafted and disseminated to concerned experts;

- Number of attendance Information is constantly to the Inception exchanged between MoE, PAP/RAC and CAMP Project Co- Workshop; ordinator. - Payments made to respective consultants. 13

Thematic Activity One: Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM)
Objective One: To identify and elaborate strategies and actions contributing to the rational utilisation of coastal and marine resources of Lebanon, focusing on South Lebanon.  Activity 1.1: To undertake a comprehensive research and analysis of the various aspects related to the Southern Coast of Lebanon, including the natural, socio-economic, regulatory, natural and social dimensions.
Actors involved: CAMP office, MoE, CDR, Ministry of Transport, PAP/RAC, local expert. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.2: To identify major problems and issues at the level of the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, presenting proposals for related strategies and measures.
Actors involved: CAMP office, MoE, CDR, Ministry of Transport, PAP/RAC, local expert. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.3: To review legal and regulatory texts relative to the implementation of an Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) in Lebanon, taking into consideration the concepts, principles and outputs of the Barcelona Convention and the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD); and to provide assistance to the Lebanese government by proposing ICAM law in Lebanon.
Actors involved: CAMP office, MoE, Environment Parliamentary Committee, PAP/RAC, legal expert, concerned ministries and institutions (CDR, Ministry of Transport, etc.). Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.4: To assist the Directorate General for Urban Planning in reviewing urban master plans developed for the Southern Coastal area of Lebanon in general, and for the three concerned municipalities in specific by proposing alternatives that integrate environmental principles and applications.
Actors involved: CAMP office, MoE, DGUP, PAP/RAC, urban planner, environment specialist, concerned ministries and institutions (CDR, Ministry of Transport, etc.). Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.



Activity 1.5: To develop a sustainable Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) Strategy for the national level and the South Lebanon level to be endorsed by the national key stakeholders and approved by the national authorities.
Actors involved: CAMP National Co-ordinator, Ministry of Environment, PAP/RAC, concerned municipalities, national and international institutions. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.



Activity 1.6: To provide a survey of economic instruments and their application, and to acquire experiences and success stories of economic use implementation, which would serve as a basis for investigation and improvement of practice of economic instruments in the protection of natural resources in CAMP area; and to propose a set of economic instruments to be applied on the national level. Justification: In the framework of its activities, PAP/RAC (the technical centre of the Barcelona Convention working on CZM) recognised the need to elaborate a certain number of economic instruments, which would contribute to the rational use of coastal resources and reduction of environmental degradation at national level. Therefore, this activity is meant to analyse the natural and economic characteristics of Lebanon, and their interrelation in order to understand the potential application of economic instruments and their efficiency within the current Lebanese rules and regulations. More specifically, the activity is intended:
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   

to carry out a survey of available economic instruments and assess the possibilities of their application/ enforcement in Lebanon; to develop and propose adequate economic instruments that would assist in applying a sound integrated management for coastal zones in Lebanon in general, and the municipalities in specific; to develop a manual in this respect; and to participate in the design and implementation of a training course relative to this activity.

Actors involved: CAMP Project office, MoE, CDR, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Finance, CAMP municipalities, PAP/RAC, economist. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.7: To organise a National Consultation Workshop to discuss the National ICAM Strategy. Justification: The organisation of this event will facilitate reaching a national consensus on the National ICAM Strategy, and consequently its endorsement due to the involvement of all concerned decision makers.
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, Parliamentary Committee for the Environment, Ministries, DGUP, CDR, multidisciplinary team of experts. Time allocated for the preparation and implementation of this Activity: 1 month.

Objective Two: To assist the national and local authorities in integrating considerations on archaeological heritage into environment management planning by improving knowledge of cultural heritage in CAMP area.  Activity 2.1: To assist the Lebanese government in the preparation of legislative texts with regard to the interaction of the cultural heritage and the environment on the coastal area, presenting a model of application on the municipalities of Damour, Naqoura and Sarafand.
Actors involved: MoE, CAMP Project, PAP/RAC, 100 Historic Sites, legal expert, local archaeologist. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.

 

Activity 2.2: To inventory the heritage archive available at the General Directorate of Antiquities concerning CAMP area. Activity 2.3: To improve the knowledge of the cultural, archaeological, historical and natural heritage sites through updating the Lebanese coastal historical sites list relative to CAMP area.
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Tourism, Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, CAMP municipalities, 100 Historic Sites, archaeologist. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.



Activity 2.4: To prepare a map of the historical heritage and natural sites of CAMP area, and propose a circuit that will ultimately link these sites for later integration into an ecotourism master plan to be applied in CAMP.
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Tourism, Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, CAMP municipalities, 100 Historic Sites, archaeologist. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.



Activity 2.5: To participate in the elaboration of documents relative to planning taking into account the historical, archaeological and environmental heritage.
Actors involved: CAMP office, MoE, DGUP, Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, CAMP municipalities, 100 Historic Sites, archaeologist, urban planner. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.

15

Outputs:
          Diagnostic Analysis of the environment, agriculture and fishery sector at Project level; Environmental Directives for ICAM Plan; Regulatory framework for ICAM; Training on ICAM; Surveys of the Damour River Basin; Municipal planning review for Damour Master Plan, and recommendations for land-use planning tailored for Sarafand and Naqoura; Economic instruments developed for use on decentralised level; ICAM Strategy and recommendations; Inventory of cultural heritage sites concerning CAMP area; and Map of historical heritage and natural sites developed.

Budget allocated for “Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM)” Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 4 1 33 5 17 2002 In cash 15 2 In kind 4 2 6 2003 In cash 20 3 5 28 In kind 2 1 2 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 65 8 5 78 In kind 10 4 14

MAP (PAP/RAC) MEDU 100 Historic Sites MoE Grand Total

30 3 -

16

Activity Logical Framework: Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM)
The Project Assumptions/risks Monitoring indicators - Strategy on ICAM presented for approval; - Draft Law on ICAM presented to Parliament for approval. Means of verification Strategy Paper; Draft Law; List of Archaeological Sites. Objective Objective One: To identify and elaborate strategies and actions Responsiveness of local contributing to the rational utilisation of coastal and marine resources and national authorities of Lebanon, focusing on South Lebanon. secured throughout the Project. Objective Two: To assist the national and local authorities in integrating considerations on archaeological heritage into environment management planning by improving knowledge of cultural heritage in CAMP area. Expected results Diagnostic analysis of the environment, agriculture and fishery sector at Project level; Environmental directives for ICAM Plan; Regulatory framework for ICAM; Training on ICAM; Surveys of the Damour River Basin; Municipal planning review for Damour Master Plan, and recommendations for land-use planning tailored for Sarafand and Naqoura; Economic instruments developed for use on decentralised level; ICAM Strategy and recommendations; Inventory of cultural heritage sites concerning CAMP area; Map of historical heritage and natural sites developed. Activities A1.1: To undertake a comprehensive research and analysis of the various aspects related to the Southern Coast of Lebanon, including the natural, socio-economic, regulatory, environment and natural dimensions. A 1.2: To identify major problems and issues at the level of the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, presenting proposals for related strategies and measures. A 1.3: To review legal and regulatory texts relative to the implementation of ICAM in Lebanon; to provide assistance to the Lebanese government by proposing an ICAM law in Lebanon. A 1.4: To assist the Directorate General for Urban Planning in MoE support is continuously secured;

- Environmental concepts integrated into national urban planning by midTechnical data are 2003; provided accurate; Responsiveness of DGUP - Number of participants per training; to changes; - Number and type of archaeological sites identified in CAMP area; Parliamentary Committee - Management plans secured. elaborated for municipalities are implemented end 2002. Collaboration with Environment; Data required by the different activities are feasible to collect; - Number of legislative texts on ICAM identified in Lebanon;

Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Official meeting documents and reports; Training presentation, documents and reports; Final Activity Reports.

Collaboration of the - Level of pollution different municipalities to detected at water and communicate their inland levels; environmental issues; - % of social and socioLegal expert is economic problems contracted; identified in municipalities affecting coastal Political influences are resources; discarded when

Technical Specifications; Experts contracts; Individual Activity Reports; Field visit reports; First and final drafts of ICAM Law and Strategy; Final Activity Reports.

17

reviewing urban master plans developed for the Southern Coastal area of Lebanon in general, and for the three concerned municipalities in specific by proposing alternatives that integrate environmental principles and applications. A 1.5: To develop a sustainable ICAM Strategy for the national level and the South Lebanon level to be endorsed by the national key stakeholders and approved by the national authorities. A 1.6: To provide a survey of economic instruments and their application, and propose a set of economic instruments to be applied on the national level. A 1.7: To organise a National Consultation Workshop to discuss the National ICAM Strategy. A 2.1: To assist the Lebanese government in the preparation of legislative texts with regard to the interaction of the cultural heritage and the environment on the coastal area, presenting a model of application on the municipalities of Damour, Naqoura and Sarafand. A 2.2: To inventory the heritage archive available at the General Directorate of Antiquities concerning CAMP area. A 2.3: To improve the knowledge of the cultural, archaeological, historical and natural heritage sites through updating the Lebanese coastal historical sites list relative to CAMP area. A 2.4: To prepare a map of the historical heritage and natural sites of CAMP area, and propose a circuit that will ultimately link these sites for later integration into an ecotourism master plan to be applied in CAMP. A 2.5: To participate in the elaboration of documents relative to planning taking into account the historical, archaeological and environmental heritage.

modifying and approving master plans; ICAM plan for South Lebanon is feasible provided all required data is secured; Strategy endorsed by Council of Ministers for approval; Basic list of archaeological sites of CAMP is found at the Directorate of Antiquities.

- South Lebanon Master Plan modified according to ICAM concepts by end of 2002.

18

Thematic Activity Two: Data and Information Management
Overall objective: To build a data base on CAMP area that is useful to national and local authorities concerned by Coastal Zone Management. Objective One: To establish close links with the LEDO project in order to develop a coastal area database, GIS and indicators to function as the Project's information centre for collection, analysis, organisation, integration and dissemination of information to the Project teams implementing individual activities and specifically to create a database framework for the Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura.  Activity 1.1:To check and collect existing available data and information derived from remote sensing techniques relevant to coastal resources, land use, agriculture, sensitive ecosystems, urban growth, forests, etc.
Actors involved: CAMP office, ERS/RAC, Ministry of Environment, National Remote Sensing Centre, LEDO, CAMP municipalities. Time allocated for the preparation and implementation of this Activity: 3 months at the beginning of the Project (to be updated all along Project implementation).



Activity 1.2: To process spatial data acquired by the LEDO project regarding the area of operation of the CAMP Project. To provide the different data layers in soft and hard copies. This      The     would include: Processing of satellite images; Providing thermal interpretation to produce anomalies in coastal areas; Produce natural colour images of the area; Identify urban areas with exact dimensions; and Identify arid zones with exact dimensions. provision of the different layers encompasses: The production of topographic maps for Lebanon (120 maps); The production of a map showing all the rivers passing inside CAMP area; Coverage of the boundaries of the areas; and A land cover map developed by FAO and digitised by LEDO team.



Activity 1.3: To produce by LEDO tailored maps for CAMP area using recently acquired satellite images. The activity includes:  Plotting of urban areas highlighting changes between previous maps and recent maps through remote sensing;  Extracting from the general land cover map produced by FAO the CAMP area land cover, and to produce maps accordingly; and  Supplying CAMP with national land-use maps to be finalised by mid-March 2002.



Activity 1.4: To design by LEDO a preliminary database application for the data to be collected in CAMP operation area. To provide CAMP with satellite images used for the support work, as well as all the produced images and maps on CDs. This activity will include:  A preliminary database that will be developed according to the identified needs in CAMP area;  The 1999 and 2000 satellite images; and
19

 

A training on this database will be provided to CAMP Project Manager to enable a data entry and graph creation.

Activity 1.5: To create a computerised database at the Ministry of Environment to issues related to ICAM. Justification: The outcomes of above-mentioned activities will be analysed and fed into a database on ICAM and related issues. In parallel, these data and other Project activities will be disseminated throughout the Project web page, that will be created within the Ministry of Environment web site.
Actors involved: MoE, CAMP office, ERS/RAC, IT expert Time allocated for this Activity: Operational all along the Project implementation.



Activity 1.6: To establish specific databases in each of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura.
Actors involved: MoE, CAMP office, ERS/RAC, IT expert. Time allocated for this Activity: Operational all along the Project implementation.



Activity 1.7: To introduce proper approaches of satellite data processing and integration through training.
Actors involved: MoE, CAMP office, ERS/RAC, IT expert. Time allocated for this Activity: 1 month.

Outputs:
  Detailed database on CAMP resources; and A database established at each of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura.

Budget allocated for “Data and Information Management” Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 1 8 7 9 9 2002 In cash 9 In kind 2 8 10 4 1 20 2003 In cash 4 In kind 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 20 In kind 4 16 20

MAP (ERS/RAC) MoE LEDO Grand Total

7

20

Activity Logical Framework:
The Project Overall objective To build a data base on CAMP area that is useful to national and local authorities concerned by Coastal Zone Management. 1. To establish close links with LEDO to develop coastal database; 2. To create a database framework for Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. Expected results Detailed database on CAMP resources; A database established at each of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. A 1.1: To check and collect existing available data and information derived from remote sensing techniques relevant to coastal resources, land use, agriculture, sensitive ecosystems, urban growth, forests, etc. A 1.2: To process spatial data acquired by the LEDO project regarding the area of operation of the CAMP Project; to provide the different data layers in soft and hard copies. A 1.3: To produce tailored maps for CAMP area using recently acquired satellite images. A 1.4: To design a preliminary database application for the data to be collected in CAMP operation area; to provide CAMP with satellite images used for the support work, as well as all the produced images and maps on CDs. A 1.5: To create a computerised database at the Ministry of Environment to issues related to ICAM. A 1.6: To establish specific databases in each of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. A 1.7: To introduce proper approaches of satellite data

Data and Information Management
Assumptions/risks Monitoring indicators Means of verification - Amount and types of Computerised Database implemented information used by at MoE. MoE and municipalities. - % of the area initially covered by LEDO and processed by ERS/RAC. Maps; Analysis Reports.

Gathering required data is technically accessible and feasible. LEDO phased out in March 2002; Municipalities are equipped with computers.

Specific objectives

Requested data is - Types of satellite feasible to be generated. images produced per type of coastal activity. Preliminary maps and data are adequate for processing complementary maps. - Contracts with experts; - Contract with Remote Sensing Centre; - Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura are using effectively databases as of end 2002; - Number of persons attending the training.

Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Training documents and reports. Maps produced; Analysis Reports; Training documents and Agenda; Final Activity Reports.

Activities

21

processing and integration through training.

22

Thematic Activity Three: Urban Management and Sustainable Development
Note: The following Thematic Activity will be entirely based on and supporting the various
activities listed in the Thematic Activity “Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM)”, namely the urban planning, the cultural heritage, the environment and agriculture Diagnostic Analysis, as well the Integrated Master Plan for Damour River Basin. Overall objective: To assist national authorities, in particular MoE and Directorate General of Urban Planning (DGUP), to resort to advanced techniques for supporting national and local planning activities and policies. Specific objective: To identify urban sustainable development and management problems, as well as land-use planning conflicts in the municipalities of Damour, Naqoura and Sarafand based on satellite remote sensing and GIS.  Activity 1.1: To complete data collection during the Project preparatory phase (already started in the Thematic Activity on Data and Information Management) through:  Selection and acquisition of appropriate satellite data to be used taking into account existing information relevant to land use/land cover, i.e. Landsat TM/SPOT for an analysis of urban sprawl and land-use change for CAMP area, and IKONOS data high spatial resolution satellite - for urban structure analysis and urban change in the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura; and  Selection and training of Lebanese planning experts on satellite remote sensing processing (to be performed jointly with the Thematic Activity “Data and Information Management”). Activity 1.2: To process data during the Project implementation phase through:  Processing of satellite data, classification, production of land-use maps;  Analysis of land-use change and urban sprawl;  Urban sprawl modelling, using GIS facilities (Arc/Info or Arc/View spatial analysis); and  Production of future urban expansion maps relying on past trends as highlighted by the change detection activity, as well as the socio-economic scenarios as defined by the Lebanese counterpart and the other involved Regional Activity Centres (RACs).
Actors involved: ERS/RAC, CAMP Project Co-ordinator, National Remote Sensing Centre, Ministry of Environment, DGUP, PAP/RAC (through the appointed consultants as identified in the Thematic Activity on ICAM). Activity duration: 1 year.



Outputs:
    Land-use maps; Change detection maps; Future urban expansion maps; and GIS tools developed.

Budget allocated for “Urban Management and Sustainable Development” Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 1 4 2002 In cash 9 In kind 2 2 2003 In cash 4 In kind 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 20 In kind 4 6 23

MAP (ERS/RAC) MoE LEDO

7

Grand Total

7

5

9

4

4

1

20

10

24

Activity Logical Framework: Urban Management and Sustainable Development
The Project Overall objective To assist national authorities, in particular MoE and DGUP, to resort to advanced techniques for supporting national and local planning activities and policies. Assumptions/risks - Logistical assistance is provided by MoE after LEDO has phased out. Monitoring indicators - Number of urban planning studies produced by DGUP and using CAMP maps. - Types of maps produced and showing trends of urban, agriculture and natural variations between 1960 and 2002. - Contract with the Remote Sensing Centre; Means of verification Urban planning studies at DGUP.

Expected results

Elaboration of: - Land-use maps; - Change detection maps; - Future urban expansion maps. Development of GIS tools. A 1.1: To complete data collection during the Project preparatory phase (already started in the Thematic Activity on Data and Information Management) through:

- Outputs of Thematic Activity fully achieved; - Municipalities are equipped with necessary computer equipment; - LEDO phased out in March 2002. Existing data relevant to land use is enough to produce adequate data;

Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Reports on public consultations and feedback.

Activities

Training documents and reports;

- Selection and acquisition of appropriate satellite data to be used taking into account existing information relevant to land use/land cover for urban structure analysis and urban Data delivered by other change in the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and RACs are accurate and Naqoura; provided on time. - Selection and training of Lebanese planning experts on satellite remote sensing processing. A 1.2: To process data during the Project implementation phase through: - Processing of satellite data, classification, production of land-use maps; - Analysis of land-use change and urban sprawl; - Urban sprawl modelling, using GIS facilities; - Production of future urban expansion maps relying on past trends as highlighted by the change detection activity, as well as the socio-economic scenarios as defined by the Lebanese counterpart and the other involved Regional

Maps; - Number of maps produced for Damour, Final Activity Report. Naqoura and Sarafand; - Quality of satellite images produced - Number of participants attending the training courses.

25

Activity Centres (RACs).

26

Thematic Activity Four: Marine Conservation Areas
Objective: To implement a pilot activity related to the inventory of marine biotopes, following the technical tools elaborated within MAP, as a contribution to national efforts towards conservation of natural sites of particular interest, and fragile and vulnerable marine resources.  Activity 1.1: To inventory and monitor the marine biodiversity status of the CAMP area, mapping them using GIS software. Justification: The following activity is meant to inventory all available fauna and flora species, based on continuous and recorded observations. Identified species will be subject to a wide national campaign to highlight their importance on the national and international level. In addition, sites with relevance to natural, high scenery, biodiversity or combined value will be deeply studied to be ultimately declared as Specially Protected Areas (SPAs).     Activity 1.2: To identify the exact boundaries and scope of the field survey based on the Technical Specifications. Activity 1.3: To prepare the document relevant to the declaration of Damour River and Naqoura Bay as a National Specially Protected Area. Activity 1.4: To establish a database of the various species of fauna and flora with special focus on those appearing in the Annexes of SPA Protocol. Activity 1.5: To elaborate proposals for management measures and follow-up action.
Actors involved: MoE, CAMP office, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Transport, SPA/RAC, NGO in charge, experts. Time allocated for this Activity: 12 months.

Outputs:
    Document relevant to the declaration of Damour River and Naqoura Bay as a National Specially Protected Area; Database of the various species of fauna and flora with special focus on those appearing in the Annexes of SPA Protocol; Training documents and reports; and Visual records.

Budget allocated for “Marine Conservation Areas” Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 1 25 1 15 2002 In cash 15 In kind 2 2 5 2003 In cash 5 In kind 1 1 45 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 45 In kind 4 4

MAP (RAC/SPA) MoE Grand Total

25

27

Activity Logical Framework: Marine Conservation Areas
The Project Overall objective To implement a pilot activity related to the inventory of marine biotopes, following the technical tools elaborated within MAP, as a contribution to national efforts towards conservation of natural sites of particular interest, and fragile and vulnerable marine resources. - Inventory, analysis and evaluation of the sites surveyed; - Recommendations for the integrated management (including protection of Damour river and Naqoura Bay); - Follow-up proposal. Activities A 1.1: To inventory and monitor the marine biodiversity status of the CAMP area, mapping them using a GIS software. A 1.2: To identify the exact boundaries and scope of the field survey based on the Technical Specifications. Assumptions/ risks Technical tools are adequate to the CAMP context. Monitoring indicators - Number of species declared as endemic or threatened. Means of verification Decisions of the MoE to declare Damour and Naqoura as SPA. Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Training Presentation, documents and Reports. Training documents and reports; Reports of the analysis and survey; Maps; Visual records; Final Activity Report; Database.

Expected results

Local and national support secured to declare the sites as SPA. Technical requirements are feasible to implement;

- Type of survey conducted in each of the two sites. - Contract with the NGO in charge; - Number and species of plants identified; - Number of marine species identified; - Level of degradation of the sites surveyed prior and after their declaration as SPA; - Visual records; - Number of participants attending the training courses.

Municipal councils agree A 1.3: To prepare the document relevant to the declaration to declare their sites as of Damour River and Naqoura Bay as a National Specially SPA; Protected Area. A 1.4: To establish a database of the various species of fauna and flora with special focus on those appearing in the Annexes of SPA Protocol. A 1.5: To elaborate proposals for management measures and follow-up action. A 1.6: To design a training on fauna and flora of CAMP area. Approval of MoE and Ministry of Agriculture to carry out an elaborating proposal for management proposals to be implemented by local and national authorities.

28

Thematic Activity Five: Tourism and Sustainable Development
Note: The following Thematic Activity will be entirely based on the concept of the Tourism
Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) that was developed by MAP. Objective: To introduce eco-tourism concept and tools among local communities as a way to ensure conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in CAMP area.  Activity 1.1: To promote ecotourism as a source of income to local communities concerned with the CAMP area, by promoting the rational use of tourism resources. The ecotourism programme includes:  Introduction of ecotourism concept to local communities;  Drafting an ecotourism development plan that would eventually link various sites of high scenery, environment, natural, historical and archaeological value to the surrounding natural, cultural and historical features;  Designing a marketing scheme to promote ecotourism products within the CAMP area as a unique entity; and  Launching a national campaign to promote ecotourism in CAMP area.  Activity 1.2: To identify conflicts, opportunities, apply Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) of available resources and identify the environmental threats of tourism development in South Lebanon. To formulate recommendations for land use and future development of tourism in CAMP area that are applicable to the national coastal area. The activity entails also in specific the preparation of the CCA studies for the municipalities of Naqoura and Damour.  Activity 1.3: To propose activities for follow up, based on the outcomes of the various studies carried out in the above-mentioned activities.
Actors involved: MEDU, CAMP National Co-ordinator, environment economist, MoE, Ministry of Tourism, private sector. Time allocated for the activities relevant to the Objective: 1 year.

Outputs:
   Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) studies for the municipalities of Sarafand, Naqoura and Damour; Regional Recommendations for land use and future development of tourism in CAMP area; and Introduction of eco-tourism concept to CAMP area.

Budget allocated for “Tourism and Sustainable Development” Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 3 3 1 1 2002 In cash 6 2 8 In kind 2 2 2003 In cash 3 3 In kind 1 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 6 8 14 In kind 4 4 29

MAP (PAP/RAC) MEDU MoE Grand Total

Activity Logical Framework: Tourism and Sustainable Development
The Project Overall objective To introduce eco-tourism concept and tools among local communities as a way to ensure conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in CAMP area. Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) studies for the municipalities of Sarafand, Naqoura and Damour; Regional Recommendations for land-use and future development of tourism in CAMP area; Introduction of eco-tourism concept to CAMP area. Assumptions/ risks The areas are suitable for implementing longterm eco-tourism programme. Support of major local community stakeholders insured. Monitoring indicators - Number of visitors identified in CAMP area after CAMP launching. - Number of lectures and activities conducted in each of the three municipalities; - The date identified for the national campaign in the year 2002. - Contracts with experts; - Technical Specifications; - % of Carrying Capacity identified in each of the three municipalities. Means of verification Municipality and NGOs in each of the three municipalities.

Expected results

Mission reports; Progress reports; Reports on public consultations and feedback; Lectures presentation and reports.

Activities

A 1.1: To promote ecotourism as a source of income to local communities concerned with the CAMP area, by promoting the rational use of tourism resources. A 1.2: To identify conflicts, opportunities, apply Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) of available resources and identify the environmental threats of tourism development in South Lebanon. A 1.3: To formulate recommendations for land use and future development of tourism in CAMP area that are applicable to the national coastal area. A 1.4: To propose activities for follow up, based on the outcomes of the various studies carried out in the abovementioned activities.

Detailed analysis; Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA); Field visits; Visual records.

The national economic situation becomes better; DGUP and municipalities are involved in the formulation of recommendations; Financial and technical support are secured for follow-up proposals.

30

Thematic Activity Six: Participatory Programme
Note: After consultation with the BP/RAC, the Participatory Programme and Systemic and
Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA) Thematic Activities will be implemented by the same consulting entity. Objective: To encourage active participation of local communities in the protection and conservation of coastal resources through implementation of Local Agenda 21 and other means of information dissemination.  Activity 1.1: To provide assistance to national and local institutions concerned with Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) on how to deal with issues conflicting between environment and development.
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, PAP/RAC. Time allocated for this Activity: all along the Project implementation.



Activity 1.2: To introduce the concept of sustainable development in general, and the coastal zone management in specific through the implementation of Local Agenda 21 in the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. Justification: The present activity is based upon the experience of the Local Agenda 21 implemented within the framework of the Capacity 21 Programme (1997-2000). Local Agenda 21 was not to exist within the municipality as a separate committee or entity, but rather as part of the operational process as a whole. The objectives of setting a Local Agenda are:  To formulate a sustainable development plan which would address issues of poverty, environmental degradation, and uneven resource allocation;  To create a consensus building forum which brings together all social and political stakeholders to address a wide range of issues;  To increase the role of the local authority to play an effective role in development planning and to manage the environment in a more sustainable manner, to ultimately conserve natural resources and improve the quality of the urban environment;  To involve public and private sectors, and the community-based organisations in conducting and orienting its capacities towards specific sectors; and  To develop a municipal Sustainable Development Plan that would integrate environmental considerations while meeting the needs and expectations of the various local community representatives. Among the techniques to be used in implementing the Local Agenda 21 are:  Participatory Rural Appraisals;  Conflict resolution;  Community-based Issue Analysis (by involving all stakeholder groups in the analysis, conducting an in-depth analysis of issues and possible solutions, etc.); and  Action planning (identification of existing and potential human, technical and financial resources)  Formulation of action plans.
Actors involved: CAMP office, municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, NGO (for activity implementation). Time allocated for this Activity: All along the Project implementation.



Activity 1.3: To increase knowledge and awareness of coastal natural resources on the national and local level.

31

Justification: The purpose of this activity is to introduce the local population to the importance of coastal resources conservation, not only for their valuable biodiversity richness, but also to the relevance of protecting the sites for sustaining their living resources. This activity is considered crucial for the success of the whole Project on the site-level, because any failure in communicating the objectives of the Project and its close interaction with the local communities living resources (whether the whole population, farmers, fishermen, hunters, municipalities, so on) would push these communities to reject any alternatives proposed to replace current practices, and even to fight the Project. Respecting, preserving and maintaining knowledge and wise practices of local communities relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity should be highlighted and encouraged, and eventually replicated as a success story in other sites, wherever applicable. This activity should be initiated since the beginning of the Project by the Project management, the Ministry of Environment and the NGOs in charge.
Actors concerned: CAMP office, municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura, religious groups, private sector, other groups of local communities, NGO (for activity implementation). Time allocated for this Activity: All along the Project implementation.



Activity 1.4: To conduct awareness campaigns on the best means to conserve coastal resources targeting the above-mentioned groups.
Actors involved: Ministry of Environment, CAMP officer, education and awareness expert, NGOs, media. Time allocated for this Activity: One major national activity per year, and local activities as suggested by the team working on the Local Agenda 21.

Outputs:
    Implementation of LA 21 processes in the three municipalities; Implementation of training on selected participatory tools and techniques; Environment awareness induced at local community level; and Better implication of the municipality in issues related to environment and development.

Budget Allocated for Participatory Programme Contribution by
2001 In cash In kind 1 11 1 9 2002 In cash 7 2 In kind 2 2 2003 In cash 5 3 5 13 In kind 1 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 20 8 5 33 In kind 4 4

MAP (PAP/RAC) MEDU MoE Grand Total

8 3

32

Activity Logical Framework: Participatory Approach
The Project Overall objective To encourage active participation of local communities in the protection and conservation of coastal resources through implementation of Local Agenda 21 and other means of information dissemination. Implementation of Local Agenda 21 processes in the three municipalities; Implementation of training on selected participatory tools and techniques; Environment awareness induced at local community level; Better implication of the municipality in issues related to environment and development. A 1.1: To provide assistance to national and local institutions concerned with Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) on how to deal with issues conflicting between environment and development. A 1.2: To introduce the concept of sustainable development in general, and the Coastal Zone Management (CZM) in specific through the implementation of Local Agenda 21 in the municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. A 1.3: To increase knowledge and awareness of coastal natural resources on the national and local level. A 1.4: To conduct awareness campaigns on the best means to conserve coastal resources targeting the abovementioned groups. Responsiveness of the local community groups despite the weak economic situation. Assumptions/ risks Co-operation of the local authorities. Monitoring indicators Means of verification

- Municipal Municipal Development Plan Report; Development Plan Field visits to local communities. implemented in the three municipalities in 2002. - Establishment of an LA local committee; - Number of people attending the PRAs, conference and other events; - Feedback to other RACs activities. Mission reports; Progress reports; Lecture presentation and reports; PRAs; Conflict resolution reports.

Expected results

Responsiveness of the local community groups despite the weak economic situation.

Activities

Technical Specifications for the Participatory Programme; Contract to NGO in charge of the activity.

Input documents and feedback reports; Progress reports; Final Activity Report.

33

Thematic Activity Seven: Integrated Water Resource Management
Objective: To establish a management framework for the protection, use, monitoring and long-term conservation of water resources at the regional level, to serve the diverse spatial and sectoral development needs arising from population growth, agricultural activity, tourism and industry.  Activity 1.1: To assess the availability and demand of freshwater resources with a specific focus on the water losses and inefficient use. Justification: Human activities are degrading the quality of life in rivers and river valleys all over Lebanon. CAMP area does not constitute an exception in that regard, where human settlements, industrial and tourist development, agriculture and deforestation have significantly altered a big aspect of its physical and ecological features. In order to protect river watersheds as a source of dependency and living, it is necessary to adopt a comprehensive management policy that shall provide the surrounding municipalities with adequate sources of water supply. In order to achieve a comprehensive management policy for freshwater resources, the following steps shall be undertaken:  To describe the existing water quality conditions;  To survey spots all along the river (river course and mouth) and analyse the respective chemical and physical properties of water and sediments, in order to evaluate the current conditions in the Project area;  To develop and adopt best management practices to be applied at the source for pollution prevention of all sources; and  To identify water quality protection strategies for various forms of land use and at all levels of environmental planning.
Actors involved: PAP/RAC, Ministry of Environment, CAMP Office, municipalities, experts. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.2: To design and implement an Integrated Management Plan for the Damour River.
Actors involved: PAP/RAC, MoE, Ministry of Water and Energy, DGUP, CAMP office, multidisciplinary team of experts. Time allocated for this Activity: 1 year.



Activity 1.3: To apply the methodology and tools of Integrated Water Resource Management.
Actors involved: PAP/RAC, MoE, Ministry of Water and Energy, CAMP office, expert. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.



Activity 1.4: To monitor sea and fresh water pollution.
Actors involved: PAP/RAC, Ministry of Environment, CAMP Office, municipalities, experts. Time allocated for this Activity: 3 months.

Outputs:
     Integrated Management Plan for the Damour River Basin; Integrated Water Resource Management introduced and applied; Database on quality and availability of water resources in CAMP area; Capacity building on Integrated Water Resource Management; and Guidebook on integrated water resource management tailored for municipal use.
TOTAL (000 US$) In cash 31 50 In kind 4 34 1

Budget allocated for “Integrated Water Resource Management” 2001 2002 2003 Contribution by
In cash In kind 1 In cash 15 50 In kind 2 In cash 4 In kind

MAP (PAP/RAC) MoE

12

Grand Total

12

2

65

2

4

1

81

4

35

Activity Logical Framework: Integrated Water Resource Management
The Project Overall objective To establish a management framework for the protection, use, monitoring and long-term conservation of water resources at the regional level, to serve the diverse spatial and sectoral development needs arising from population growth, agricultural activity, tourism and industry. Integrated Water Resource Management introduced and applied; Database on quality and availability of water resources in CAMP area; Integrated Management Plan for the Damour River Basin; Capacity building on Integrated Water Resource Management; Guidebook on Integrated Water Resource Management for municipalities. Activities A 1.1: To assess the availability and demand of freshwater resources with a specific focus on the water losses and inefficient use. A 1.2: To design an Integrated Management Plan for the Damour River Basin A1.3: To apply the methodology and tools of Integrated Water Resource Management. A 1.4: To monitor sea and fresh water pollution. MEDPOL project on sea water monitoring includes some sites of interest for CAMP. - Contracts of experts; Final Activity Report; - Type of analysis Field visits; adopted per site; Sampling and Analysis Reports. - Technical specifications. Assumptions/ risks Monitoring indicators Means of verification

Support of the Ministry of - Nomination of a Reports; Water and Energy representative for the Sampling and Analysis Reports. secured. Ministry of Water and Energy to follow up the Activity. A water Conservation Policy exists; Required basic data are available for CAMP experts. - Number of sampling Mission Reports; made per site; Progress Reports; - Number of visit Sampling Analysis. made per site; - Number of participants per training.

Expected results

36

Thematic Activity Eight: Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA)
Note: After consultation with the BP/RAC, the Participatory Programme and SPSA Thematic
Activities will be implemented by the same consulting entity. Objective: To introduce and apply the Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA) as a specific tool towards developing Sustainability Indicators (SIs) and future scenarios to assist in achieving sustainable management of coastal and marine areas.  Activity 1.1: To use the three municipalities as locations for implementing Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA).
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, concerned ministries and institutions (CDR, Ministry of Transport, etc.), CAMP municipalities, BP/RAC, LEDO, local expert. Time allocated for this Activity: 12 months.



Activity 1.2: To prepare a set of indicators tailored to CAMP area in general and the three selected municipalities in specific, to be made on the basis of the description and assessment of the level of sustainability, taking into consideration the set of indicators elaborated by the Lebanese Environment and Development Observatory.
Actors involved: CAMP office, Ministry of Environment, concerned ministries and institutions (CDR, Ministry of Transport, etc.), CAMP municipalities, Blue Plan, LEDO. Time allocated for this Activity: 2 months.



Activity 1.3: To provide Lebanese decision makers with a series of future scenarios and action plans for their achievement. This will include:  Assisting local stakeholders to develop future scenarios based on their current Sustainability Indicators (SIs);  Providing decision makers with the outcomes of this activity with detailed plans of how given futures might be achieved.
Actors involved in this activity include the local stakeholders, local thematic teams and the Blue Plan Team.



Activity 1.4: To provide publications related to indicators for dissemination in CAMP operation area. This will include:  Providing copies of the Handbook on the use of indicators, to be used as an awareness publication to the CAMP area;  Providing CAMP area with CD ROM on how to calculate indicators.
Actors involved: Ministry of Environment, CAMP office, LEDO team, Blue Plan. Time allocated for the implementation of the Activities related to the objective: 4 months.

Outputs:
      The establishment of a series of locally agreed SIs; The establishment of bands of equilibrium for all SIs; The establishment of a key set of core SIs; The development of future scenarios; Better co-ordination among various institutions involved in coastal zone management; and Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA) implemented.
2001 In cash 20 In kind 1 2002 In cash 20 In kind 2 2003 In cash In kind 1 TOTAL (000 US$) In cash In kind 40 4 37

Budget allocated for Systemic Sustainability Analysis
Contribution by

MAP (BP/RAC) MoE

LEDO Grand Total

20

1 2

20

3 15

-

1

40

4 8

38

Activity Logical Framework: Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA)
The Project Overall objective Expected results Objective: To introduce and apply the Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA) as a specific tool towards achieving sustainable management of coastal and marine areas. The establishment of a series of locally agreed SIs; The establishment of bands of equilibrium for all SIs; The establishment of a key set of core SIs; The development of future scenarios; Better co-ordination among various institutions involved in coastal zone management; Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA) implemented. Activities A 1.1: To use the three municipalities as locations for implementing SPSA. A 1.2: To prepare a set of indicators tailored to CAMP area in general and the three selected municipalities in specific, to be made on the basis of the description and assessment of the level of sustainability, taking into consideration the set of indicators elaborated by the Lebanese Environment and Development Observatory. A1.3: To provide Lebanese decision makers with a series of future scenarios and action plans for their achievement. A 1.4: To provide publications related to indicators for dissemination in CAMP operation area. Municipalities are willing to undertake this activity over one year of time. - Technical Report of the Meeting; Specifications; Periodic Minutes of the Meeting; - Proposal for Final Activity Report. implementing SPSA in local municipalities. Assumptions/Risks Monitoring indicators Means of verification

All concerned institutions - Level of participation The Activity Report. are willing to participate per institution in the Activity. represented. All concerned institutions - Number of people are willing to participate attending the in the Activity. meetings. Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Reports on public consultations and feedback; Training presentation, documents and reports.

39

E.

THE INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS AND ORGANISATION

Project Co-ordination
33. i. ii. iii. There will be three levels of co-ordination in Lebanon, on the national side: At the first level: the Ministry of Environment as the National Lead Agency; At the second level: the National Project Co-ordinator; and At the third level: Leaders of national teams implementing Project activities.

34. PAP/RAC, acting as MAP CAMP Co-ordinator, and following the standard procedure, will nominate an expert to follow the Project in the role of MAP Project Co-ordinator. The MAP Project Co-ordinator will act in close collaboration with MoE and the National Project Coordinator. MAP RACs will provide consultancy support for the implementation of respective individual Project activities. CAMP National Project Co-ordinator 35. The National Project Co-ordinator will participate in: 1. The formulation and implementation of the Project, in co-operation with MAP Project Co-ordinator; 2. The harmonisation of the actions implemented by the national institutions involved in the Project; 3. The guidance and assistance to the National Team Leaders related to the implementation of individual activities; and 4. The elaboration and synthesis of the ICAM Strategy, as well as part of the activities included within the Tourism and Sustainable Development.

The National Project Co-ordinator will be engaged among the national experts, but paid by and acting on behalf of MAP (in close co-operation with MoE). MoE involvement 36. The Ministry of Environment as its role of the National Focal Point (NFP) for MAP will exercise the overall supervision of all Project activities in the country and of those implemented by national participants. The Director General of MoE and MAP NFP will act as the overall National Supervisor of the Project. National participation in CAMP area 37. The National Team Leaders, nominated and accepted by respective institutions responsible for individual activities and confirmed by MoE and MAP, will be directly responsible for the formulation and implementation of respective activities, and will act under the guidance of, and with the assistance provided by the National Project Co-ordinator and MAP RACs. 38. Members of the national teams (national experts) to be proposed by respective responsible national institutions, relevant ministries and/or municipalities, which will participate in the Project as part of the in-kind contribution will be engaged through MoE. They will act in accordance with the respective Technical Specification for the Activity, endorsed by the relevant RACs, and in accordance with the respective TORs for the Consultant, under the guidance of the National Team Leader.

40

MAP Component 39. The Co-ordinating Unit of MAP (MEDU), acts as the overall Project Co-ordinator and exercises guidance and supervision for the implementation of the Project. PAP/RAC is the MAP Project Implementing Centre, responsible for co-ordination, guidance and implementation of the Project, in co-operation with MoE and the National Project Co-ordinator. National authorities and institutions and MAP Centres participating in the Implementation of Individual Activities Activity National authorities and institutions MAP

Overall Project Co-ordination Co-ordination and Integration Individual activities: 1. Data and Information Management

Ministry of Environment MEDU CAMP National Co-ordinator PAP/RAC Ministry of Environment CAMP National Co-ordinator PAP/RAC

Ministry of Environment LEDO Ministry of Environment CAMP National Co-ordinator Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura NGO Ministry of Environment CAMP National Co-ordinator Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura NGO

ERS/RAC

2. Participatory Programme

PAP/RAC

3. Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA)

BP/RAC

(SPSA and Participatory Programme carried out together)
4. Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) Ministry of Environment CDR Directorate General for Urban Planning Ministry of Transport Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura PAP/RAC 100 HS ERS/RAC BP/RAC

41

Activity 5. Marine Conservation Areas

National authorities and institutions Ministry of Environment Ministry of Transport Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura NGO Ministry of Environment Ministry of Tourism Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura Various representatives Ministry of Environment Ministry of Water and Energy Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura

MAP SPA/RAC

6. Tourism and Sustainable Development

PAP/RAC

7. Integrated Water Resource Management

PAP/RAC

8. Urban Management and Sustainable Development

Ministry of Environment Municipalities of Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura National Council for Remote Sensing

ERS/RAC

42

PAP/RAC

MOE

National Project Coordinator

National Project Coordinator National Project Focal Pointr

Other individual Project activities Individual project activity SPA/RAC BP/RAC ERS/RAC 100 H.S.

MAP Team Leader

National Team Leader

MAP experts, consultants

National experts, consultants National experts, consultants

Outputs of other individual activities

Implementation of individual activity

Integration at project level

Outputs of individual activity

Outputs at project level

Application of results at project level

Application of results of individual activity

Follow up Post Project Stage

Institutional arrangements for individual project activities

Project personnel 40. The Project personnel includes the staff related to the MAP component of the institutional arrangement, as well as the personnel of the Lebanese counterpart. 41. The staffing of the MAP component is as follows: MAP Project Co-ordinator: National Project Co-ordinator ERS Team Leader for Data and Information Management BP Team Leader for Systemic Sustainability Analysis BP Consultant for Systemic Sustainability Analysis PAP Consultant for Integrated Coastal Area Management SPA/RAC Consultant for Marine Mr. Marko Prem, PAP/RAC Ms. Sawsan Mehdi, PAP/RAC

Ms. Elisabeth Coudert, BP/RAC Mr. Simon Bell, United Kingdom, International Consultant

43

-

Conservation Areas PAP Consultant for Water Resources Management PAP Consultant for Tourism and Sustainable Development ERS Consultant for Urban Management and Sustainable Development The staffing of the Lebanese counterpart components is as follows: National Project Co-ordinator National Focal Point Ms. Sawsan Mehdi Ms. Lamia Chamas

42. 43. -

The team of national experts needed during the CAMP implementation: Urban Planner Mr. Walid Bakhos Economist Mr. Charles Abdallah Tourism expert Mr. Marwan Owaygen and Ms. Sawsan Mehdi Archaeologist Mr. Sami Al-Masri Water Management Mr. Ramez Kayyal (ARD) Agriculture and Environment Diagnostic Analysis Mr. Raji Maasri (MORES) Damour River Basin Management To be identified after the Bidding Process Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis To be identified after the Bidding Process Survey of Violations on Damour River (1) Envirotech Survey of violations on Damour river (2) To be identified later Participatory Programme To be identified after bidding process Marine Conservation Areas To be identified after bidding process ICAM Strategy Ms. Sawsan Mehdi Legal expert Mr. Anhal Kozhaya Formulation of the ICAM Strategy Ms. Sawsan Mehdi Database Management To be identified by ERS/RAC Geographic Information Systems (GIS) To be identified by ERS/RAC

44

F.

EXPECTED RESULTS AND OUTPUTS

The major expected results of the Project
44. The expected results of the Project are related: (i) in general, to the achievement of Project objectives, and (ii) in particular, to the achievement of the objectives of individual Project activities. 45. a)        b)               c)     The main outputs of the Project will be the following: Outputs at the National level Presentation Conference, Conference Documents and the Conference Report; Diagnostic Analysis at the level of national coastal area, with particular reference to the South Lebanon coastal region; Inception Workshop and Inception Report; Capacity Building: training on ICAM, GIS, SSA, Participatory Programme and other sectoral issues; ICAM Strategy and Recommendations; Final Integrated Project Document, Proposals for Follow Up and Urgent Investments Portfolio; and Project Terminal Report and Self Evaluation Facts Sheet (SEFS). Outputs at level of South Lebanon coastal area Environment and Agriculture Diagnostic Analysis for CAMP Area; Project Database and GIS; Capacity Building: training on ICAM, SSA, Participatory Programme, etc.; Set of Sustainability Indicators (SIs); National Strategy for ICAM; Environmental Guidelines for Integrated Land-use Planning in Lebanon; Legal Framework for ICAM in Lebanon; Detailed Urban Management Analysis; Analysis of Water Resources Availability and Demand; Detailed Tourism and Sustainable Development Analysis; Regional Recommendations for Land Use and Future Development of Tourism; General Cultural Heritage Analysis; Set of Economic Incentives; and Input Documents, Public Consultations and Feedback Reports. Outputs at the level of selected pilot areas Framework for Municipal Database; Planning and Management Documents for Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura; Recommendations for Land-use Planning for Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura; Local Agenda 21 Mechanism in Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura;
45

        d)       

Directives for Management of Water Demand and Availability at Municipal Level; Recommendations for Establishment and Management of Specially Protected Areas (SPAs) in Damour and Naqoura; Elaboration of an Integrated Master Plan for Damour River Basin; Surveys of Environmental Violations on Damour River; Set of Economic Incentives for Municipal Use; List and Guidebook of Cultural Heritage Sites in CAMP Area; Recommendations for the Integrated Marine Conservation Areas Management and Protection; and Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) for Tourism for Damour, Sarafand and Naqoura. Outputs at the level of each Individual Activity: Half-yearly Progress Reports; Technical Specifications; Mission Reports; Progress Reports; Training and Workshops Reports; Final Project Documents; and Final Activity Report.

46. Concerning Individual Project Activities, the expected results and benefits are related to the achievement of respective activity objectives, and preparation and use in practice of outputs envisaged.

46

G. METHODOLOGIES AND TOOLS TO BE APPLIED
a) The conceptual framework

47. Methodologies and tools to be applied are related to (i) implementation of the Project as a whole, and (ii) implementation of each Individual Project Activity. 48. The Project will be implemented within the conceptual framework of MAP CAMP, consisting in particular of:   The principles adopted by the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992, as defined by the Rio Declaration, The UNCED Agenda 21 and in particular its Ch. 17. "Protection of oceans, all kind of seas, including enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, and coastal areas, and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources", Agenda 21 for the Mediterranean, and the Tunis Declaration (MoE - Tunis, 1993), The recommendations of the MCSD on various themes, and The revised Barcelona Convention and MAP Phase II documents (UNEP/MAP, 1995), and Principles of proactive and systemic approach.

   

49. Among principles and policies recommended by UNCED documents, the following ones will be applied, as appropriate: the "polluter pays" principle, the precautionary principle, the participatory principle, application of integrative methodologies and tools for coastal management, capacity building, restoration and conservation of ecosystems whenever appropriate and affordable, solution but not transfer of causes and impacts, application of economic and market instruments for coastal management, and conflict mitigation. 50. As the general methodological framework, the methodology and tools of Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management (ICAM) will be applied (UNEP, 1995; UNEP/MAP, 1999), the Carrying Capacity Assessment for Tourism in the Mediterranean Coastal Areas (PAP9/1997/G.1), and the methodology of the Systemic and Prospective Sustainability Analysis (SPSA). Principles and scientific methods related to the analysis, assessment and elaboration of environment/development planning and management-related issues in the Project area will be applied. Scientific methods and standards related to pollution assessment, mitigation and control, as well as the best relevant experiences of MAP, will be applied. Individual Project Activities will apply these methodologies and use the respective inputs in a flexible and creative way, in accordance with the specific characteristics of each activity. 51. Particular attention will be dedicated to the integration of activities during their implementation, as well as of the integration of results, both at the Project level and at the level of each Individual Project Activity. Basic principles of integration and ICAM will be applied. A continuous flow of interim inputs/outputs between individual activities and periodic meetings of the teams with the Project management will be secured. Data Management and the Participatory Programme will function not as Individual Activities only, but as integrating factors also. The same applies to the Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA), providing Sustainability Indicators (SIs), and interpreting sustainability levels and trends, to be used as inputs from all Individual Project Activities. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Resource Valuation, to be applied within the Sustainable Coastal Management Activity, will provide integrating inputs for other activities. Finally, Sustainable Coastal Management Activity will integrate the results of all other activities concerning development, land use, spatial and management-related issues. 52. The above-listed principles and methodologies were tested and successfully applied in previous CAMP projects, and in projects implemented outside the MAP framework. However,
47

their application during the Project implementation will have to take into account the present national conditions and regulations, as well as other relevant realities.

b)
53. 

Methodologies and tools
Specific methodologies and tools to be applied within Individual Project Activities are as follows: General Co-ordination and Integration:  The ICAM methodology,  Principles of Integration,  Standard Project Management Practice, and  Methodology for Formulation and Implementation of MAP CAMP Projects. Data and Information Management:  Standard Methods of Data Collection, Processing and Retrieval,  Standard GIS Methodology and Practice, including Cartographic Methods, as appropriate, and  Standard Methods for Creation of a Geo-referenced Database. Participatory Programme:  Local Agenda 21,  Public Consultation,  Training Programme,  Conflict Resolution,  Involvement of NGOs, and  Involvement of Media (articles, questionnaires, etc). Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA):  Systemic Analysis, and  Sustainability Indicators. Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM):  The ICAM Methodology,  Resource Valuation,  Standard Land-use Planning and Sea-use Planning,  Socio-economic Analysis and Assessment,  Systemic Sustainability Analysis (SSA), and  Use of Database and Geo-referenced Data. Marine Conservation Areas: The methodologies and tools, developed by SPA/RAC for the establishment of national inventories of marine and coastal sites of conservation interest, will be used in the implementation of activities of survey and inventory of the study area and production of the relevant outputs. Tools include in particular:  Reference classification of marine habitat types for the Mediterranean region,  Reference lists of habitat types and species for the selection of sites to be included in the national inventories of marine and coastal sites of conservation interest, and  Standard Data-Entry Form for national inventories of marine and coastal sites of conservation interest. Integrated Water Resource Management:  The ICAM Methodology,  The Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management (ICARM) Methodology,  Principles and Methods of Integrated Approach to Development, Management and Use of Water Resources,  Scientific Methods for Pollution Assessment and MAP Practices, and  Systemic Approach to Prospective Studies. Tourism and Sustainable Development:  Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) for Tourism in Coastal Cities, and  Observations.
48















H. LINKAGES
54.     The linkages of the Project are related to: Policy links, Linkages with other implemented or on-going projects, Interrelations with and dependency on relevant national policies, planning documents and regulations, Internal Project links:  Project activities implemented prior to the Inception Report, and  Internal thematic and structural linkages among individual Project activities.

55. Policy links. The objectives and contents of the Project are linked with: (i) general policies and principles of sustainable development, Agenda 21 and Agenda 21 for the Mediterranean, (ii) the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment against Land-based Sources of Pollution, (iii) the revised Barcelona Convention, MAP Phase II. document and the MAP Priority Fields of Action for the 1996 - 2005 period, (iv) principles and policies of MAP CAMP, and (v) MAP policies implemented and experience achieved during the hitherto implementation of MAP RACs activities. 56. Links with other relevant implemented or on-going coastal management activities and projects. The Project and its individual activities are linked with (i) a number of currently or under planning projects related to Coastal Zone Management (CZM) in Lebanon (ii) with a number of sectoral projects, activities and methodologies implemented/developed by MAP, UNDP and other, related to: data management; pollution monitoring, systemic prospective studies; establishment of protected areas and protection of biodiversity; integrated water resource management; measurement and control management; sustainable development of tourism; and implementation of Local Agendas. 57. Individual Project Activities are linked with specific activities implemented by respective MAP RACs, and with relevant methodologies and tools developed or adapted and proved as applicable. 58. Interrelations and links with national planning and regulation. The Project by its environment/development management nature is linked, and up to some limits dependent, on actual national and sectoral development and planning policies, plans and regulations. Here it should be noted that, taking into account these links, in some cases the proposals and the solutions to be elaborated by the Project might lead to considerations of need for changes or amendments of some actual national or local policies, plans and or regulations. 59. Internal links within the Project. These links relate to (i) the application of the integration of results at the Project level (preparation of the Final Integrated Project Document, Project Database and GIS, the Follow-up Proposals, and the Urgent Investment Portfolio), and (ii) measures established for harmonisation and co-ordination of Individual Project Activities. 60. Expected Project results will be directly linked:  At national level, with: (i) the adoption of Follow-up Proposals by the responsible national and local authorities, and (ii) the formulation of the Follow-up Programme and its gradual implementation,  At regional level, by: (i) reporting of the Project results, applicable in the region, to MAP and to the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD), and (ii) applying the Project results, as appropriate in on-going and future MAP CAMP projects, and  At wider/higher levels, by disseminating, as appropriate, the Project results: (i) to interested UN agencies and international organisations, (ii) at the EU level, and (iii) through UNEP to other Regional Seas.
49

I.
61.

WORKPLAN AND TIMETABLE
The General Project Workplan and Timetable is presented as follows.

50

The General Project Workplan and Timetable __________________________________________________________________________ 1. Signature of Agreement 2. Detailed formulation of Project - Inception Report (draft) - Inception Workshop - Meeting prerequisites for implementation - Technical Specifications - TOR for consultants - Signature of consultant contracts 3. Implementation 3.1. Initial activities - Technical Specifications - TOR for consultants - Signature of consultant contracts 3.2. Implementation of Individual Project Activities Initial activities Implementation Presentation of Final Activity Documents April 2001 September - October 2001 November 2001 May 2002 March 2002 December 2001 January 2002 - September 2003

May 2002 - December 2002 June 2002 - September 2003 January 2002 June 2002 - September 2003 September 2003 June - September 2003

3.3 Integration of results -Final Integrated Project Documents -Presentation - Terminal Report 4. Post Project activities 4.1. Follow-up activities (host country) 4.2. Monitoring, evaluation, reporting (host country) 4.3. Presentation of Project results at MAP level (MAP - PAP/RAC)

September 2003 - September 2005

Strategy Framework and Logical Framework Analysis
62. The Development of Strategy Framework and the Logical Framework Analysis takes into account the detailed Workplan, the outputs envisaged, needs for integration and internal linkages, as well as the analysis of relevant local and other conditions, determining assumptions and risks.

51

CAMP Lebanon Timetable

ACTIVITY

ICAM Urban Planning CZM Legislation Cultural Heritage Diagnostic Analysis: environ., agricult., fisheries Damour River Survey Economic Instruments ICAM Training CZM Strategy / Synthesis WATER Water Resources Management Master Plan/Damour River Basin TOURISM Eco-tourism CCA Training MARINE CONSERV. Marine Conservation Areas DATA & INFORMATION Data and GIS Management URBAN MANAG & SD GIS for Urban Management PARTICIPATORY APPROACH Participatory Programme SSA Systemic Sustain. Analysis CO-ORDINATION& INTEGRATION Co-ordinat. & Integration

Sep 2001

O

N

D

Jan 2002

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Jan 2003

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

52

J.

MONITORING, EVALUATION AND REPORTING

63. Monitoring, evaluation and reporting of Project implementation will follow the procedure and apply the criteria defined in the Operational Manual: Formulation and Implementation of CAMP Projects (UNEP/MAP 1999), in: chapter 3, section 14; chapter 4, sections 4.1 and 4.2; and chapter 5, sections 3 and 4), as well as those defined by the Project TOR (chapters 6 and 7). 64. In accordance with the above, and respecting the Project Workplan and Timetable, progress reporting will be implemented as follows:  Detailed formulation phase:  Progress Report, September 2001  Progress Report, October/ November 2001  Progress Report, December/ January 2002  Progress Report, February/ March 2002  Progress Report, April/ May 2002 (to evaluate the actions implemented and assess the conditions for the start of the Implementation Phase); Implementation Phase:  Progress Report, June/July 2002  Progress Report, August/September 2002  Progress Report, October/November 2002  Progress Report, December 2002/January 2003  Progress Report, February/March 2003  Progress Report, April/May 2003  Progress Report June/July 2003  Progress Report, August 2003 (to evaluate the progress achieved at the level of Individual Project Activities and at the Project level);  Final Reporting:  Terminal Project Report, and  Self Evaluation Facts Sheet, both September 2003 (according to the UNEP format); Post Project Phase:  Half Yearly Post Project Reports (CAMP National Co-ordinator to PAP/RAC, MAP and MoE), and  PAP/RAC report(s) on Post Project achievements and use of results at MAP level, and  Ad hoc reports, if requested by MAP, or would the situation require it. 65. Progress Reports at Project level will be prepared by the CAMP National Co-ordinator, in to be presented to MAP and to MoE . 66. At activity level, the Activity Progress Reports will be prepared by the MAP Team Leaders in co-operation with National Consultants, preceding the reports at Project level. These reports will be presented to the MAP Project Co-ordinator and National Project Co-ordinator. 67. All Progress Reports will contain:  Evaluation of the progress achieved, in particular related to: (i) Workplan and Timetable, (ii) quality of phase/interim outputs, and achievement indicators (Project TOR, chapter 5),  Problems encountered and measures implemented to solve them, and
53



Problems not solved, needing intervention at higher level; proposing measures to be considered.

54

CAMP LEBANON
ACTIVITY ICAM SUB-ACTIVITY

Budget breakdown (in 000 $)
EXPERT
PAP MEDU BP 100HS ERS SPA

9.7.2002
MoE LEDO

Total 15 5 10 7 4 4 5 5 17 11 83

Urban Planning Mr. Walid Bakhos CZM Legislation Mr. Anhal Kozhaya Heritage/Archaeology Mr. Sami El Masri Diagnostic Analysis: Mr. Raji Maasri / MORES environment, agriculture and fishery Damour River Survey Mr. Marwan Husseiki/ Envirotech Economic instruments Mr. Charles Abdallah ICAM training PAP internation. consultants CZM Strategy / Synthesis Ms. Sawsan Mehdi Publications ICAM international consultant Water Resources Management Integrated Master Plan for Damour River Basin Mr. Ramez Kayal, Mr. Mr. Mr. Ricardo Khoury/ARD International consultant

15 5 5 7 4 4 5 5* 9 11 70 25 6

5

(10)***

3 8

5 5

Total WATER

50 31 50 8 8 45 45 45 16 81

Total TOURISM Total MARINE CONSERV. Marine Conservation Areas Total National and international consultants Eco-tourism Mr. Marwan Owaygen Ms. Sawsan Mehdi International consultant

2 2* 4 8

55

DATA & INFORMATION Total URBAN MANAGEMENT & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Total PARTICIPATORY APPROACH Total SSA

Data and GIS Management

National consultant, international consultant and ERS National consultant, international consultant and ERS

20 20 20

GIS for Urban Management

20

20 Participatory Programme 20 20 Systemic Sustainability Analysis National consultant Mr. Simon Bell, intern. cons. Other 8 8 10.5 20 9.5 40 48 48 177 45 45 69 40 (10)*** 40 45 4 4 64 0** 5 5

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Total CO-ORDINATION & INTEGRATION Total TOTAL Ms. Sawsan Mehdi PAP

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97 435

* Covered by Co-ordination & Integration (According to the Contract with Ms. Mehdi). ** LEDO participates as in kind only. *** 100HS budget not secured but covered within MEDU and PAP budget. Total Project budget (cash) according to the Agreement is 451, the difference 6 LEDO and 10 100HS, which makes 435.

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