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					A Monthly Feature of Yates County Public Health

September 2006

Life is Full of Choices– Make the Right Choice to Have a Flu Shot This fall and winter you and your family members will have the option of receiving a flu shot so lets look at the facts so that you can make an informed decision that is right for you.

What is the flu?
The flu is a very contagious respiratory illness.  It usually  takes 1‐4 days after you are exposed to someone with the  flu before you come down with symptoms.  You are  infectious to other people even before your symptoms  begin. 

Who needs to get a flu shot? 
All children 6-59 months of age All pregnant women All people 50 years and older All children & teens taking long term aspirin therapy All adults & children who have a chronic medical problem including asthma, heart disease, diabetes, HIV, seizure disorders, and those receiving treatment for cancer. All residents of nursing homes & other chronic–care facilities. All healthcare workers All household contacts & caregivers of children 0-59 months. All household contacts & caregivers of persons at high risk for severe complications from flu.

Why do health care providers worry about their patients getting the flu?
  Each year 5-20% of people in the US are infected with the flu and approximately 36,000 people die and over 200,000 people are hospitalized.

When should we get a flu shot?
Check with you doctor about getting a flu shot in October. Starting in November and running thru December, Yates County Public Health will hold vaccination clinics open to the public. Watch for these to be a advertised in the local papers & on the local radio stations.

Protect yourself & those you care about – GET A FLU SHOT

For all Yates County employees and area residents Dear Nurse, Every year I hear about colds and flu and I have always wondered what the difference is. Also what is the best way to protect myself and my family? Dear Reader, I’m glad you asked this important question as we enter cold and flu season. Better to be prepared so you can hopefully prevent getting ill. Also the nurse never wants to miss a chance to talk about stopping the spread of infection.

Is It a Cold or the Flu
Symptons Fever Headache Muscle Aches Tiredness and Weakness Extreme Exhaustion Runny Nose Sneezing Sore Throat Cough Cold Rare in adults and older. Children Can be up to 102F Rare Mild Mild Never Often Often Often Mild Hacking Cough Flu Usually 102F. Can go up to 104F. Usually lasts 3-4 days Sudden onset, can be severe Usual. Often Severe Often extreme. Can last 2 weeks Sudden onset. Can be severe Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes Usual. Can be Severe

The cold and flu are both viruses, which means they are not treated with antibiotics. The Cold and Flu are both airborne diseases. This means that you can pick up the virus just by being near someone who sneezes or coughs and does not cover his/her mouth.

To Protect Yourself and Others: 1. Cover your cough/sneeze with a tissue and then throw away the tissue. 2. Keep your hands clean. The nurse always says the single most important way to prevent the spread of infection is to wash your hands. 3. You can use an alcohol based hand cleaner if water is not available. 4. Keep your distance; don’t go to work if you are sick and keep ill children home from school. 5. Health habits to avoid getting ill are: get plenty of sleep, exercise, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids and eat a balanced diet of healthy foods.

Did you know another name for the common cold is the Rhinovirus! The Flu vaccine can prevent you from getting the flu!!!!!