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					                                 UN-HABITAT




Journal
                 UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMME
           PROGRAMME DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LES ETABLISSEMENTS HUMAINS




                                                                                              UN-HABITAT


                                             No. 4/2002
                                 WORLD URBAN FORUM, First Session
                                   Nairobi, 29 April – 3 May 2002

                                PROGRAMME OF MEETINGS FOR THE
                            FIRST SESSION OF THE WORLD URBAN FORUM


                                       Thursday, 2 May 2002


                                               DIALOGUE I


9.30 a.m.- 12.30 p.m.        Dialogue I on the Global Campaign for Secure Tenure (Item 7)
                             (Conference Room 2)
                             Document: HSP/WUF/1/DLG.I/Paper 6



2.30 - 5.30 p.m.             Dialogue I on monitoring and assessment (Item 8)
                             (Conference Room 1)
                             Document: HSP/WUF/1/DLG.I/Paper 9



                                               DIALOGUE II

9.30 a.m. - 12.30 p.m.       Pro-poor water and sanitation for cities: Dialogue II on sustainable urbanization (open
                             topic)
                             (Conference Room 1)



2.30 - 5.30 p.m.             Dialogue II on sustainable urbanization (conclusions for the World Summit on Sus-
                             tainable Development)
                             (Conference Room 2)
                             Documents: HSP/WUF/1/DLG.II/Paper/1
                             HSP/WUF/1/DLG.II/Paper/2
                             HSP/WUF/1/DLG.II/Paper/3
                             HSP/WUF/1/DLG.II/Paper/4




                                                     1
Participants who wish to make statements during the dialogues are kindly requested to hand in copies of their
statementsin advance to the conference officers in both Conference Room 1 and Conference Room 2.



                          SUMMARY OF MEETINGS HELD ON WEDNESDAY, 1 MAY 2002


                                                      DIALOGUE I

                                        Dialogue I on city-to-city cooperation

This session on city-to-city cooperation (C2C), which was chaired by Councillor Alan Lloyd, Chairman of WACLAC
and President of IULA, considered the theme of international cooperation among cities. The session was linked to the
Dialogue II process of debating potential partnerships to be taken forward to the World Summit on Sustainable Develop-
ment. The session was based principally upon the findings of a second interim report on the current state of the art of
C2C jointly prepared by UN-HABITAT and WACLAC. Presentations were made by Ms. Mary Jane Ortega, Mayor of
San Fernando, Philippines; Mr. Marcelo Nowersztern, United Towns Organization; Mr. Carl Wright, Director, Common-
wealth Local Government Forum; Ms. Judit Carrera, METROPOLIS; Mr. Aser Cortines, Director, CAIXA, Brazil; Mr.
Dominique Heron, Vivendi Environment; Ms. Emilia Saiz, International Union of Local Authorities; Mr. Jonas Westerlund,
Deputy Permanent Representative, Sweden; Councillor Parks Tau, Johannesburg City Council, South Africa.


Four prospective new partnerships were given broad support:
Partnership 1: New model C2C agreements
Partnership 2: From best practice to policies
Partnership 3: Training programme for local authorities on C2C for sustainable development
Partnership 4: Partnership for local capacity development

In a lively debate involving participants from national governments, intergovernmental bodies, local authorities and their
associations, non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations, and expert observers of the C2C scene,
a wide range of experience of the successes and occasional failures of C2C was put forward, together with suggestions
for improving collective performance and efficiency. Participants particularly highlighted the importance of full commu-
nity engagement and local ownership of C2C initiatives, and endorsed the need for support policies to be developed
jointly among local authorities, support programmes and donors, with the participation of all interested sectors.




                      Dialogue I on the international role of non-governmental organizations

This dialogue attracted a large number of participants from civil society organizations, local authorities and national
governments. A minute silence was observed in memory of Jacques Bougnicourt, founder of ENDA Tiers Monde who
had passed away.


Five opening presentations from long-standing UN-HABITAT partners started off the discussions, followed by a very
lively discussion and debate. Many questions were raised on which some agreements were reached, albeit with no defi-
nite consensus. Some of the questions and issues raised included:

   • What are the roles, expectations and commitments of non-governmental organizations?
   • What is the value-added of non-governmental organization interventions
   • How do non-governmental organizations recognize, manage and mitigate the risks that communities take
     when they engage with authorities and development agencies?
  • To what extent are non-governmental organizations accepted by local and national governments?
  • How noble is the whole agenda of non-governmental organizations and what accountability mechanisms are there?
     What is their legitimacy in representing opinion?

                                                            2
  • Non-governmental organizations are “soldiers without boundaries but not mercenaries” - many still view them as
     the latter
  • Grassroots organizations want to be “present at the table” and to speak for themselves
  • Non-governmental organizations are on the whole very committed, well positioned to intervene on the ground.
     However, they tend to be confrontational and inflexible on their points of difference with Governments. There is
     need for a creative way out of this.
  • The scaling-up of non-governmental organization interventions and the necessary resources, is an area that needs
     attention
  • Effective partnership involves trust. One role for international organizations could be to bridge the gap in trust
     between national governments and non-governmental organizations.

Some tentative conclusions arrived at included:
  • There can never really be non-governmental organization consensus so the challenge is to manage and benefit from
     the diversity
  • In a constantly changing world, the relationship between the local and the global becomes more demanding and
     non-governmental organizations, being strategically placed between the two, have an important role to play
  • A very important role for non-governmental organizations is to facilitate the relationship between local authorities
     and communities.

In terms of the way forward: it was recognized that the high point of partnership was Habitat II (Istanbul 1996), after
which there has been a “falling back”.
  • UN-HABITAT should carry out a critical analysis of its status with civil society, including the question of political
     will. One mechanism for partnership could take the form of an non-governmental organization advisory board but
     this needs to be discussed. The process for such a discussion should start in Johannesburg (during WSSD).
  • Non-governmental organizations while respecting diversity should come up with an effective conflict resolution
     mechanism.



                                                       DIALOGUE II

                           Dialogue II on the rural dimension of sustainable development

It is now time to adopt a new attitude to rural and urban contexts based on their interrelationship. The old attitude
characterized by the rural versus urban dichotomy is no longer appropriate, nor does it reflect reality. A continuum is
probably more appropriate.


In the dialogue, we were encouraged to focus on the interdependence between rural and urban areas, both positive and
negative elements. There should be an end to different settlement strategies for urban and rural areas. Separate policies
are no longer appropriate, neither is the exploitative relationship of urban on rural.


As municipalities are the most effective bodies to promote local development and lobby for resources, the inclusion of
rural hinterlands and urban areas together is important. Separate authorities for rich urban and poor rural areas are no
longer appropriate. However, it is vital that municipalities establish trust with their people across their areas in order to
minimize distrust over the spending of tax revenues.


The quality of rural life is important for sustainable development. It should be possible to live a rewarding, healthy and
successful rural life in order to stem the necessity to migrate, especially among young adults.


Planning should be people centred in all areas and this means being sensitive to gender and age.


                                                             3
Infrastructure and service provision in rural areas have a great potential to create wealth locally and diversify income
sources while providing the services. Through the use of local contractors, local labour, labour intensive methods, local
materials and technologies can all increase demand for non-farm labour and create wealth locally, especially through
local multipliers and economic linkages, all of which are very high in the construction sector.


Land parceling is undoubtedly an issue in many rural areas. In many cultures, people are reluctant to sell their share of the
land, even if it is reduced to tiny parcels by inheritance among many heirs. There is a need to research into and under-
standing this phenomenon and its effects on migration and rural poverty.



                       Dialogue II on the management of the HIV/AIDS pandemic at local level

Issues voiced by the people:
• There is a direct link between poverty and HIV/AIDs
• Grassroots women and youth have the capacity to organize themselves to deal with the epidemic. Innovative ways of
    organizing and operating on a peer-to-peer basis have proved effective in dealing with the spread of the epidemic
• There is need to make resources available at the local level
• Support to legislative/policy reforms such as land, the review of discriminatory laws, inheritance and succession laws,
    can have positive impacts on managing the impacts
• Adequate shelter is a key element in managing the epidemic. It includes access to services, adequate infrastructure
    and privacy.
• A collaborative approach involving all stakeholders at the local level is advised
• Focus on interventions at local level ensures direct access to services (treatment, counseling, etc)
• Food security has an implication in the management of HIV/AIDs

Issues voiced by local authorities:
•   A decentralization policy is a key element in managing the epidemic at local level
•   Leadership, e.g. AMICAAL, at all levels is necessary in managing the epidemic
•   Multi-sectoral responses in a coordinated manner are essential
•   Political will/support (e.g. case of Manzini, Swaziland) is necessary. However, it should be both political and
    legislative
• An inclusive, transparent and participatory systems approach is necessary for effective implementation of HIV/AIDs
    programmes
• Adopting the motto “HIV/AIDs IS OUR PROBLEM” is a prerequisite for programming at local level
• There is a need to consider the issue of the responsibilities of local authorities in addressing their own health (loss of
    staff), which has financial implications
• Resources are necessary at local authority level
• Partnership development at the local level – involving all stakeholders - is an important component of local authority
    capacity development.

Responses from national, international/United Nations institutions
Presentations were made by Brazil and Thailand to demonstrate national responses and to highlight some cross-cutting
issues necessary at both local/national and international levels.
Key issues included:


•   Mobilizing leadership at all levels
•   Making resources available at local level
•   Commitment to act by local and national leaders
•   Need for intersectoral collaboration
•   Mainstreaming/integrating HIV/AIDs intervention in all sectors is critical but more so at the local level

                                                             4
• National policy articulating the role of local authorities is necessary in the fight against HIV/AIDS (example of Uganda
  and Brazil)
• Prevention works, but needs strong political and financial commitment. It is necessary, however, to stimulate actions
  to support HIV affected families and orphans.

It was highlighted that local community-focused actions have resulted in a drop in prevalence rates in Uganda, Brazil and
Thailand.


It was acknowledged that there is a weak link between local authorities and non-governmental organizations/commu-
nity-based organizations, hence the need to strengthen this link.




                        SUBGROUP ON THE OBJECTIVES OF AND WORKING ARRANGEMENTS

The Subgroup on the Objectives of and Working Arrangements for the World Urban Forum held its second and final
meeting on Wednesday, 1 May 2002. The Subgroup was open-ended and was attended by members of the advisory
group and interested delegations. It was chaired by Mr. Markku Villikka, a member of the advisory group. The final
report of the Subgroup will be submitted to plenary on Friday, 3 May 2002, for consideration and appropriate action.




                                 PARALLEL EVENTS ON THURSDAY, 2 MAY 2002

9.00 a.m. - 1.00 p.m.              Children’s Event - “Children’s Vision on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in
                                   Cities”(Children’s Tent at roundabout)
                                   Focal Point: Andre Dzikus (ext. 3060)

9.00 - 10.00 a.m.                  Women’s Caucus (Conference Room 5)
                                   Focal Point: Jan Peterson Huairou@earthlink.net

11.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m.            “50/50 by 2005; Get the Balance Right”
                                   “Strategies for Putting Women in Decision-making Positions” (Conference Room 5)
                                   Focal Point: Litha M-Ogana (WEDO)

9.30 a.m. - 12.30 p.m. &           COASAD Food Security in Africa (Conference Room 4)
2.30 - 5.30 p.m.                   Focal Point: Don Okpala (ext. 3041)



9.30 a.m. - 12.30 p.m. &           Slum Dwellers Learning Centre (Tent)
2.30 - 5.30 p.m.                   Focal Point: Chris Williams (ext. 3555)



12.00 p.m.                         Launch of publication on crime survey “Survivors Speak”
                                   (Press Room)
                                   Focal Point: Soraya Smaoun (ext.3500)




                                                            5
12.30 - 2.00 p.m.              Capacity-building for Cities Without Slums (Needs Assessment Workshop) (Con-
                               ference Room 6)
                               Focal Point: Tomasz Sudra (ext. 3034)



1.00 – 2.00 p.m.               Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
                               (Tent at roundabout)
                               Focal Point: Kalyan Ray (ext. 3039)



1.00 – 2.30 p.m.               Briefing on the Housing Rights Programme
                               (Conference Room 3)
                               Focal Point: Selman Erguden (ext. 4231)



1.00 – 3.00 p.m.               HIV/AIDS
                               (Conference Room 7)
                               Focal Point: Dinesh Mehta (ext. 3414)

2.00 - 3.00 p.m.               Tools for Citizen Participation and Participatory Decision-making (Conference
                               Room 6)
                               Focal Point: Gulelat Kebede (ext. 4194)



3.00 – 5.00 p.m.               Gender Mainstreaming in Africa and the Arab States – A Stakeholders’ Analysis
                               (Conference Room 3)
                               Focal Point: Susan Wadstein (ext. 4550)



3.00 – 5.00 p.m.               Book launch DFID (Press Room)
                               Focal Point: Nicholas You (ext. 3029)



6.30 – 8.00 p.m.               Launch of the City Statute (Brazil) (Tent)
                               Focal Point: John Hogan (ext. 3185/3182)



                          INTERNAL PARALLEL EVENTS FOR WORLD URBAN FORUM
                                       ( By invitation only )

                                          THURSDAY, 2 MAY 2002


11.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m.        Briefing meeting for panelists of the dialogue on monitoring and assessment
                               (Meeting Room N-138)
                               Focal Point: Christine Auclair (ext. 3694)




                                                       6
                                                    ANNOUNCEMENTS


The non-governmental organization Forum which includes the international facilitating group for non-governmental
organizations established at Habitat II (1996) invites all non-governmental organizations to a meeting on Thursday, 2
May 2002 from 12.30 to 2 p.m. at the UNESCO Meeting Room, Block C, (2nd Floor).
Focal Points: Nicky Nzioki / Narelle Townsend /S. Turkmemetogullari (ext. 4327)


Additional copies of the second interim report: ‘City-to-City Cooperation: Issues Arising from Experience’,
(UN-HABITAT and WACLAC, April 2002) are now available from Ms Mary Oyiolo in Room M-230 (ext 3179)



                                                      REGISTRATION

All participants are requested to register upon arrival at the registration desk. Registration will be open until noon on
Thursday, 2 May. Delegates who have registered through the on-line registration form available on the UN-HABITAT
website are requested to validate their registration and collect their badges on arrival, at the registration desk at the venue
of the meeting at the United Nations Complex in Gigiri. Delegates are reminded that the list of participants will be based
on the information provided by them at the time of registration and that inclusion in the list of participants is conditional
upon official registration.



               NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS REGISTRATION AND OTHER FACILITIES

Non-governmental organizations should register at the desk located in the entrance lobby. Non-governmental organiza-
tions registration will be open until noon on Thursday, 2 May. Delegates who have registered through the on-line
registration form available on the UN-HABITAT website are requested to validate their registration and collect their
badges on arrival at the registration desk at the venue of the meeting in Gigiri. All queries from non-governmental
organizations should be directed to the desk or to the non-governmental organizations Liaison Officer, Ms. Syeda
Turkmemetogullari (Room M 206, ext. 4327).



                                   MEDIA REGISTRATION AND OTHER FACILITIES

Media representatives are requested to register at the Media Centre located at the lower level of the library. Please have
a valid press card and letter from your editor to facilitate the accreditation process. Nairobi-based journalists will be
given World Urban Forum badges upon presentation of their current United Nations security passes. Press registration
will be open daily from 9 a.m until Friday, 3 May 2002. Media queries should be directed to officers at the Media Centre
or to Mr. S. Shankardass (Room N-135, ext. 3153).

                                                          BADGES

Badges will be issued to participants upon registration. For security reasons, all delegates are requested to wear their
badges at all times.


                                                 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

A printout of the relevant entries for each delegation will be handed out in the meeting room as soon as possible. Partici-
pants are requested to check the entries carefully and hand in any corrections to the registration desk as early as possible.




                                                              7
                                                   MEETING TIMES

The normal meeting times will be from 9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 2.30 to 5.30 p.m. The daily programme will be
posted on the notice board at the United Nations Complex, Gigiri, and will appear in the daily Journal.



                                                       JOURNAL

A daily Journal will be issued during the World Urban Forum. Any delegation wishing to have an announcement in-
cluded in the Journal should contact or e-mail either Mr. Ali Shabou, ext. 3141 (ali.shabou@unhabitat.org) or Ms. Gita
Dave, ext. 3120, (gita.dave@unhabitat.org) or drop the announcements in room M-123 by 4.30 p.m. at the latest each
day.




                                                   DOCUMENTATION

The documentation centre will remain open every day of the Forum from 8 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. Special tables are placed in
the corridors near Conference Rooms 1 and 2 for non-official documentation and information materials.



                                   DOCUMENTS DISTRIBUTION FOR DELEGATES

Participants are requested to inform the secretariat of the number of documents required for use by their delegations by
completing the relevant form, which will be available at the documents distribution centre.



                 DISTRIBUTION OF STATEMENTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS BY DELEGATIONS

It is essential that texts of prepared speeches should be made available to the secretariat in advance of delivery. Five
copies of the text should be handed to the Conference Officer in the meeting room for the use of the report writers and
secretariat staff. Delegations wishing to have the texts of their representative’s statements generally distributed are
requested to supply 250 copies of those statements to the Conference Officer.


Delegations wishing to distribute other documents (monographs, national reports, etc.) should provide at least 200 copies
and deliver them to the publications desk at the main lobby. Kindly contact Mr. Ali Shabou or Ms. Gita Dave, room M-
123, exts. 3141/3120.


                                        RESERVATION OF MEETING ROOMS

Meeting rooms are available every day before 9.30 a.m. Because of meetings of various drafting groups and special
parallel events, availability during lunch hours and after the regular meetings needs to be confirmed on a daily basis with
Mr. David Franklin (room M-200, ext. 3322). Alternative meeting rooms may have to be provided.



                                                     RECEPTIONS


Delegations wishing to hold receptions may obtain assistance in scheduling them from the secretariat. They should
contact Ms. Jacqueline Omondi, room M-205, exts. 3132/3279.



                                                            8
                            BILATERAL MEETINGS WITH THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

Delegations wishing to have bilateral meetings with the Executive Director should contact the Personal Assistant to the
Executive Director, Ms. Vindy Khehar, exts. 5002/5006.



                                               TELEVISION MONITORS

The proceedings of the first day of the public meetings being held in Conference Rooms 1 and 2, as well as press
conferences, can be viewed on the television monitors situated in the lobby.



                                 THE WORLD URBAN FORUM ON THE INTERNET

The proceedings of the first day of the World Urban Forum and daily reporting on all its activities can be followed on the
Internet at the following location: www.unhabitat.org/uf


Pre-session documents are also available at the same website.


                                                   INTERNET CAFÉ

Free Internet access for all delegates to the first session of the World Urban Forum is available at the Internet café,
located in the main library on the upper concourse.



                                          EXHIBITION AND PUBLICATIONS

Exhibitions on various aspects of human settlements activities worldwide have been mounted by UN-HABITAT and its
partners in the passageway in the east and west wings of the lobby of the main entrance to the conference area. The
exhibitions incorporate a display of titles recently published by UN-HABITAT and Habitat Agenda partners. Partici-
pants interested in acquiring individual publications should complete the request forms available at the site. Delegates
wishing to exhibit their materials should contact Mr. Amrik Kalsi, ext. 3124.



                                                     COMMISSARY

Access to the United Nations Commissary will be extended for the duration of the session to all heads and deputy heads
of government delegations, as well as heads and deputy heads of the delegations of United Nations and intergovernmen-
tal organizations after they have officially registered their participation. The Commissary is situated on the lower con-
course. Commissary passes will be provided at the registration desk. The Commissary will be open from 9 a.m. to
5.15 p.m. on weekdays.




                                                     GIFT CENTRE

The United Nations Gift Centre, situated adjacent to the Commissary, will be open from 8.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. on
weekdays. It has a large and varied list of items available, including souvenirs, mementos and gift items from several
United Nations agencies and from different countries.




                                                            9
                                HOTEL RESERVATIONS, AIRPORT TRANSFERS AND
                                        TRANSPORT FOR DELEGATES

Transport for delegates will be available from Apollo Tours and Travels Limited, whose desk is situated in the lobby near
the security desk. Apollo Tours is also responsible for airport transfers to hotels and from the hotels to the venue of the
World Urban Forum and back to the hotels. The transportation will be available at participants’ expense. Apollo Tours
can be contacted at: P.O. Box 42391 Nairobi 00100

Tel. (254 2) 444686/444636; fax (254 2) 444621;
e-mail: apollo@net2000ke.com or www.apollotourskenya.com



                                                    TRAVEL AGENCY

The official United Nations travel agency, Bunson Travel (ext. 4980/85), is located on the upper concourse adjacent to
the staff lounge. The travel agency will be open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. for return bookings, re-routings, etc. Booking of
tours and safaris may be also made through the travel agents.


Acharya Travel (ext. 2438/39) can be found on the lower concourse, next to the Kenya Commercial Bank.


                                                        FIRST AID

Emergency first aid will be available throughout the session. The services of a doctor can be obtained if required. A nurse
will be on duty during meeting hours, and can be contacted in room F-117, exts. 2267/2268. An ambulance is available
24 hours a day.



                                                   BUSINESS CENTRE

Xerox Kenya has been contracted by the United Nations to provide services at cost to delegates at the business centre,
located on the lower concourse. Services available include photocopying, telephone and facsimile, mobile phones, rental
of office and meeting room equipment, including projectors, computers, copiers, fax machines, etc. For more informa-
tion, please contact Mr. David Franklin (room M-200, ext. 3322).


                                                   POSTAL SERVICES

The post office, with telegram, telex, facsimile and international telephone facilities, will be open from 8.30 a.m. to 5
p.m. except for Saturday and Sunday. During office hours, public phones are available inside the post office, for which
cash payment may be made at the counter. Pay phones, for use with phone cards which may be purchased from the
post office,are available on a 24-hour basis outside the post office.




                                                   TELEPHONE CALLS

Delegates are requested to refrain from using telephones at the registration desk, which are for the use of secretariat staff
only. Calls to the city can be made from the telephones near the post office or from the business centre.




                                                            10
                                                  BANKING SERVICES

Branches of the Kenya Commercial Bank and CitiBank will be open on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. for the duration
of the session.



                CATERING FACILITIES IN THE GIGIRI COMPLEX DURING APRIL AND MAY 2002

There are three regular caterers in the United Nations complex contracted to provide food and beverages for breakfast
and lunch as well as snacks during coffee breaks for staff and visiting delegates participating in conferences. These three
caterers, which are indicated below, can also organize food and drinks for private functions, dinners and receptions.


Belmain Caterers

Location: Central area, main cafeteria, restaurant, staff lounge: International cuisine, local dishes, steaks and french
fries, snacks, salad bar, fresh fruits, yogurts, beverages, tea and coffee. Delegates’ lounge: Snacks, light lunches, pas-
tries, beverages, tea and coffee. Contact: Ms. L. Zacho or Mr. D. Kioko, ext. 2465.


Crackerjack Café

Location: Old cafeteria: Continental buffet on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. BBQ including full salad bar on
Tuesdays and Thursdays. Fresh sandwiches made to order (french bread or toasted). Assorted pastries, soups, a full salad
bar, fresh fruit salads, yogurts, beverages, tea and coffee.
Contact: Ms. Saloni Rajani, ext. 2496.



Café Royale

Location: All five coffee stations: tea and coffee, fresh toasted sandwiches, pizzas.

Bar in block W: Plain fries, small salads, cakes and pastries.
Tented structure (lower level between blocks T and U): Buffet with a selection of hot meals with an added touch of
flavours of Africa, fruit salads, tea and coffee.
Contact: Ms. Litondo or Mr. B. Ogola, ext. 3840.


                                                         ——-




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