new transatlantic cable to help air traffic

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N E W T R A N S A T L A N T I C CABLE TO H E L P AIR TRAFFIC
A new t r a n s a t l a n t i c c a b l e will b e l a i d MONTREAL, 2 6 F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 9 f r o m Newfoutldlatld to $ c o t l a n d , r u n n l n g v i a G r e e n l a n d a n d I c e l a n d , t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l Civil Aviation Organization announced h e r e today. The c a b l e i s p r i m a r i l y designed t o i m p r o v e c o m r n u r ~ i c a t i o n sf o r a i r t r a f f i c c o n t r a 1 a n d o t h e r a v i a t i o n p u r p o s e s a c r o s s t h e N o r t h A t l a n t i c ; i t s u s e i s e x p e c t e d t o s o l v e m a n y of t h e p o i n t - t o - p o i n t r a d i o cornrnunications p r o b l e m s that h a v e plagued t r a n s a t l a n t i c flight and h a v e resulted i n s e r i o u s delays for p a s s e n g e r s and additional c o s t s to a i r l i n e s . The c a b l e i s n e c e s s a r y b e c a u s e the e x i s t i n g h i g h - f r e q u e n c y r a d i o t e l e t y p e c i r c u i t s i n the a r e a a r e s u b j e c t t o the f r e q u e n t r a d i o b l a c k o u t s c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of s u b - A r c t i c l a t i t u d e s c a u s e d by the A u r o r a B o r e a l i s .

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T h e c a b l e will r u n f r o m C o r n e r B r o o k i n Newfoundland via F r e d e r i k s d a l i n Greenland and V e s t m a n n a e y j a r i n lceland to G a i r l o c h i n Scotland. C o m m o n c a r r i e r s y s t e m s w i l l j o i n C o r n e r B r o o k t o G a n d e r a n d G a i r l o c h to P r e s t n i c k a n d Shannon A i r p o r t s ; a s u b m a r i n e c a b l e s y s t e m will c o n n e c t F r e d e r i k s d a l to P r i n s G h r i s t l a n s Sund i n G r e e n l a n d while duplicate v e r y high f r e q u e n c y r a d i o l i n k s will be u s e d between V e s t r n a n n a e y j a r a n d Reykjavik, I c e l a n d . T h e s y s t e m w i l l p r o v i d e o n e s p e e c h c h a n n e l a n d four- d u p l e x t e l e t y p e w r i t e channels between E u r o p e and A m e r i c a , and a m o n g o t h e r things will enable a i r t r a f f i c c o n t r o l l e r s o n b o t h s i d e s of t h e A t l a n t i c t o s p e a k d i r e c t l y t o o n e a n o t h e r by j u s t lifting a telephone r e c e i v e r . P r e s e n t i n d i c a t i o n s a r e t h a t t h e l a y i n g of c a b l e s b e t w e e n C d n a d a a n d I c e l a n d would b e c o m p l e t e d i n 1 9 6 2 , with t h e U n i t e d K i n g d o m - I c e l a n d c a b l e r e a d y a y e a r e a r l i e r . The need f o r the cable s y s t e m h o w e v e r i s s o g r e a t t h e ICAO S p e c i a l I m p l e m e n t a t i o n P a n e l h a s s a i d t h a t " t h e w o r l d ' s o u t s t a n d i n g c a s e of i m m e d i a t e and compelling need f o r aviation i m p r o v e m e n t r e l a t e s to a i r traffic that e f f o r t s will be c o n t r o l and communications i n the North Atlantic Region" m a d e to h a v e t h e whole n e t w o r k i n o p e r a t i o n i n 1 9 6 1 ,

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T h e c s b i e w i l l be r e n t e d f r o m c o m n l e r c i a l c o n c e r n s ; t h e c o s t s w i l l b e allocated a s follows:
1.

F o r a t w e n t y - y e a r p e r i o d , C a n a d a w i l l p a y h a l f t h e c o s t of t h e C a n a d a Greetildnil s e c t i o n . A c c o r d i n g to t h e q u o t a t i o n s now a v a i l a b l e , t h e a.\n:ial r e n t a l c o s t of t h e s e c t i o n w i l l b e $51 6 , 51 L ,(All c o s t s a r e i n United S t a t e s d o l l a r ' s . j 'I'ile U n i t e d K i n g d o m will p a y h a l f t h e c o s t of t h e U n i t e d K i n g d o m - I c e l a n d section, whose annual r e n t a l c o s t will b e $272,145.

2.

l NTERNATIONAL C I V I L AVIATION ORGANIZATION

L . C . BOUSSARD
PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICER

3.

T h e r e m a i n d e r of t h e s y s t e m w i l l b e p a i d f o r o n a " j o i n t f i n a n c i n g " b a s i s b y f o u r t e e n c o r ~ n t r i e sw h o s e a i r l i n e s m a k e u s e of t h e f a c i l i t i e s p r o v i d e d . A r r a n g e m e n t s of t h i s s o r t a r e a l r e a d y i n e x i s t e n c e with I c e l a n d a n d D e n m a r k f o r t h e p r o v i s i o n of o t h e r air n a v i g a t i o n f a c i l i t i e s i n t h e N o r t h A t l a n t i c , a n d t h e c a b l e c o s t s w i l l now b e a d d e d . ICAO h a s a l r e a d y r e c e i v e d c o n s e n t s to t h i s f r o m t h o s e n a t i o n s which pay m o r e t h a n ninety p e r c e n t of t h e j o i n t f i n a n c i n g c o s t s , a n d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e t e r m s of t h e a g r e e m e n t s t h e s e a d d i t i o n a l c o s t s a r e now b i n d i n g t h e c o n s e n t i n g s t a t e s . The probable c o s t s a r e a s follows: Annual Rental Half t h e C a n a d a - G r e e n l a n d c a b l e c o s t s ( t w e n t y - y e a r l e a s , e ) $ C - r e e n l a n d - I c e l a n d c a b l e c o s t s (10070) ( t w e n t y - y e a r l e a s e ) Hdlf t h e I c e l a n d - U n i t e d K l n g d o m c a b l e costs e a r to y e a r l e d s e ) 136,072 F r e d e r i k s d a l - P r i n s C h r l s t i a a s Sund e 62,000 ~ : a h l ec . o s t s (1 000/~) ( t ~ e n t ~ - ~ le a sre ) Connecting l i n k s ( o p e r a t e d by D e n m a r k a n d I c e l a n d ) 28,872

TOTAL

$1,011,388

Should t h e c o m p a n i e s o p e r a t i n g t h e s y s t e m b e a b l e t o r e n t a d d i t i o n a l c h a n n e l s i n the cable to o t h e r u s e r s , the r e n t a l c o s t s f o r civil aviation p u r p o s e s will b e r e d u c e d . T h e a l l - c a b l e s y s t e m r e p l a c e s a p r e v i o u s ICAO s y s t e m w h i c h c a l l e d f o r t h e c o v e r a g e of t h e C a n a d a - G r e e n l a n d - I c e l a n d s e c t o r u s i n g a n " i o n o s p h e r i c f o r w a r d s c a t t e r " r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t i o n s chain; t h i s i s a new r a d i o technique which u s e s b e a m e d s i g n a l s s c a t t e r e d b y a h i g h l y - i o n i z e d l a y e r of a i r a b o u t 55 m i l e s ( 8 5 k i l o m e t r e s ) a b o v e t h e e a r t h . Whet-, t e n d e r s w e r e c a l l e d i t w a s found t h a t c o s t s w e r e c o n s i d e r a b l y h i g h e r t h a n a n t i c i p a t e d , a n d t h a t t h e s y s t e m c o u l d not m e e t all t h e technical requirements.

The f o u r t e e n c o u n t r i e s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h e j o i n t f i n a n c i n g a g r e e m e n t s w i t h Denxnark a n d I c e l a n d a r e B e l g i u m , C a n a d a , D e n m a r k , F r a n c e , F e d e r a l Republic of G e r m a n y , I c e l a n d , I s r a e l , I t a l y , N e t h e r l a n d s , N o r w a y , S w e d e n , S w i t z e r l a n d , U n i t e d K i n g d o m a n d U n i t e d S t a t e s of A m e r i c a .

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Description: new transatlantic cable to help air traffic