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									Psychology 49.485/49.616 Social aspects of computer use


January 23: Privacy: Big brother catching up with us?

   Under the label ‘Anti terrorist’, legislation is most likely to be passed in Canada in
    May 2002 wherein the police will be given the right to detain anyone for up to 72
    hours without explanation or being asked to give a reason. What does this mean for
    you and me, for our friends, and for the Canadian people?

   A small group of elderly people in Ottawa is demonstrating every week against the
    way the U.S. handled its response to September 11. They walk quietly and peacefully
    along a certain route to Parliament Hill, merely carrying their placards. The relevant
    authorities have been duly informed, and all paperwork associated with the intention
    to demonstrate has been completed in complete compliance with the Law. On one
    occasion, police let dogs loose in this small crowd and used pepper spray to disperse
    the demonstrators. Should people be allowed to express their opinion openly and
    freely in a democratic society, without fear of being attacked?

   Telemarketing, the begging or selling of goods & services over the telephone, is
    becoming increasingly popular. Calls of this nature are mostly made in the evenings,
    particularly on Sundays when people are most likely to be at home. Is this form of
    approach acceptable? Is it reasonable? Why? Why not?

   In some shops, especially when buying large and expensive items, you may be asked
    to produce you SIN card, even though shops have no legal right to ask for it. Should
    you comply? Who does have access to your personal data? Who should have access?
    … In some countries, every citizen has a unique ID number that is used for
    registering everything the Government knows about you (tax rates, criminal record,
    medical data, etc). In these countries, a wide range of authorities including shops,
    routinely request your personal number if you choose to pay by cheque.. Are there
    any merits in such a system? What are some of the problems?

   Data are being collected about your movements on the Internet as a matter of course.
    Is it ethically correct and acceptable for businesses to collect such data without telling
    you (a) that data are being collected, (b) what data they collect, (c) how the data will
    be used, and (d) giving you an option up front to prevent data from being collected?

   While currently used primarily in the diagnosis and treatment of rare conditions,
    Telemedicine enables computer networks to carry and store all medical data about
    people. It is foreseeable that, for example, insurance companies will be wanting to
    inspect medical records when people want to sign up for health insurance. Who owns
    your medical records? Who controls what is in them? Do you have any say in what
    goes in them? What might be some of the implications, good and bad, of all our
    health data being stored in a central place, accessible from anywhere?


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   What is privacy? Do we have any rights to privacy? What rights?
   How much control do you have over your own life? How much control should you
    have? Do you feel you lack control in any areas? Which ones? Why? Do you control
    what and how much you will disclose to others about your private affairs? Which
    affairs are ‘private’? Which ones should be private?
   What kinds of intrusions do you experience in your daily life?
   What role does technology play in intrusions into our privacy?
   How do you feel about organizations selling mailing lists? What is right about it?
    What is wrong about it? Why?
   Do you know how much information is stored about you and where? By whom?
    Why? What information is stored about you? Who has access to information about
    you? Who should have access? Why?
   What does ethics mean to you? What is ‘ethics’? Do we live in an ‘ethical society’?



References:
1. Bier, W.C., (1980). Privacy, a vanishing value?, New York, Fordham
2. Cave, D. (2000). World wide webcam, Salon Technology,
    http://www.salon.com/tech/view/2000/10/02/garland_simon/print.html
3. Game, M. (2001). Privacy, identity, & e-commerce, unpublished manuscript, Carleton
    University.
4. Gattiker, U.E. (2001) The Internet as a Diverse Community: Cultural, Organisational
    and Political Issues, Mahwah, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Chs. 5 and
    6.
5. Heterick, R.C. (2001). What would justice Brandeis say?, Ubiquity,
    http://www.acm.org/ubiquity/views/r_heterick_4.html
6. Leizerov, S. (2000). Privacy advocacy groups versus Intel: Aa case study of how
    social movements are tactically using the Internet to fight corporations, Social
    Science Computer Review, 18 (4), 461-483.
7. McLean, D., (1995). Privacy and its invasion, Westport, Conn., Praeger.
8. Mieszkowski, K. (2001). Nowhere left to hide, Salon Technology
    http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2001/06/18/webcam_privacy/index2.html
9. Orleans, M. & Laney, M.C. (2000). Children’s computer use in the home: Isolation or
    sociation?, Social Science Computer Review, 18 (1), 56-72.
10. Singer, P. (1996). How are we to live?: Ethics in an age of self-interest, Melbourne,
    Australia, The Text Publishing Company, Chs. 8 and 9.
11. Sweat, J. (2001). Privacy: Can businesses build trust and exploit opportunity?,
    InformationWeek, Aug 20,
    http://www.informationweek.com/story/IWK20010817S0004
12. Westin, A. F., (1967). Privacy and freedom, New York, Atheneum.




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Psychology 49.485/49.616

Social aspects of computer use

January 30

Copyright, plagiarism, and e-publishing

1. Ananian, S. (2000). Criminal code?, Salon Technology, February.
    http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2000/02/09/linuxdvd/print.html
2. Anonymous, (2001). On the self-evidence of Copyright,
    http://www.cpsr.org/essays/2001/CPSRCCJU7.htm
3. Bettig, R. V., (1996). Copyrighting culture; The political economy of intellectual
    property, Boulder, Colo., Westview Press.
4. Bronfman, E. (2000). Remarks as prepared for delivery, Proceedings Real
    conference, California, May. http://www.mpaa.org/copyright/EBronfman.htm
5. Cave, D. (2000). What would Jesus do about copyright? Salon Technology, October.
    http://www.salon.com/business/feature/2000/10/25/wwjd/print.html
6. Cave, D. (2001). Copywrong?, Salon Technology, August.
    http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2001/08/31/dmca_report/index.html
7. Deutze, M. (2001). Online journalism: Modelling the first generation of news media
    on the world Wide Web, Firstmonday, 6, (10),
    http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_10/deuze/index.html
8. Goldstein, P., (1994). Copyright's highway;from Gutenberg to the celestial jukebox,
    New York, Hill.
9. Guha, A. (2001). Fingered by the movie cops, Salon Technology, August,
    http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2001/08/23/pirate/index.html
10. Hamilton, M.A. (1999). The historical and philosophical underpinnings of the
    copyright clause, Occasional paper in Intellectual Property # 5, Cardozo School of
    Law, http://www.marcihamilton.com/ip/occasional.html
11. Hillesund, T. (2001).Will E-books change the world?, Firstmonday, 6, (10),
    http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_10/hillesund/index.html
12. Rotenberg, M. (2001). Internet liberation theology, Salon Technology, November.
    http://www.salon.com/tech/review/2001/11/07/lessig/index.html
13. Scott, B. (2001). copyright in a frictionless world: Toward a rhetoric of responsibility,
    Firstmonday, 6 (9), http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_9/scott/index.html
14. Shirata, H. (2000). The origin of two American copyright theories: A case of the
    reception of English Law, http://orion.mt.tama.hosei.ac.jp/hideaki/twocopy.htm
15. Carleton Teaching & Learning Resource Centre Newsletter (2001), October, 11 (1).




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