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					                                                   Play


      - as an indication of the ability to engage with peers


             Parallel play - the child plays near other children with similar materials but does not
interact with them


             Interactive play -
                     Associative play - children engage in separate activities, but exchange toys and
comment on each other's behavior


                     Cooperative play - children's play is oriented toward a common goal, e. g.,
dramatic play, or making a sand castle




      - Play as "children's work"


             Functional play - especially common in the first two years of life
                     - simple, repetitive motor movements, with or without objects
                     - activates and develops the physical organism
                     - develops sensory knowledge of the world
                     - the activity is the goal


             Constructive play - especially common between 3 and 6 years of age
                     - focuses around sensorimotor activity
                     - there is a "creation" at the end of it


             Games with rules - middle childhood into adulthood
                     - physical games and table games
                     - child has to accept prearranged rules
                     - has to learn to control behavior
                    Make-believe Play - can be observed in the 2nd year
      - pretend behaviors
      - imitates certain gestures - "as if"


Sociodramatic play - especially common between 2 and 6 years
      - more mature form of make-believe play
      - activity shared with other children
      - child takes on a role
      - acts out everyday and imaginary roles
      - has to fit objective reality - reality bound
      - learning social roles
      - mastering life events
      - spontaneous

				
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posted:12/8/2009
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Description: play