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      - as an indication of the ability to engage with peers

             Parallel play - the child plays near other children with similar materials but does not
interact with them

             Interactive play -
                     Associative play - children engage in separate activities, but exchange toys and
comment on each other's behavior

                     Cooperative play - children's play is oriented toward a common goal, e. g.,
dramatic play, or making a sand castle

      - Play as "children's work"

             Functional play - especially common in the first two years of life
                     - simple, repetitive motor movements, with or without objects
                     - activates and develops the physical organism
                     - develops sensory knowledge of the world
                     - the activity is the goal

             Constructive play - especially common between 3 and 6 years of age
                     - focuses around sensorimotor activity
                     - there is a "creation" at the end of it

             Games with rules - middle childhood into adulthood
                     - physical games and table games
                     - child has to accept prearranged rules
                     - has to learn to control behavior
                    Make-believe Play - can be observed in the 2nd year
      - pretend behaviors
      - imitates certain gestures - "as if"

Sociodramatic play - especially common between 2 and 6 years
      - more mature form of make-believe play
      - activity shared with other children
      - child takes on a role
      - acts out everyday and imaginary roles
      - has to fit objective reality - reality bound
      - learning social roles
      - mastering life events
      - spontaneous

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