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Hip Hop music
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hip hop music, also known as rap music, is a style of music which came into existence in the United

States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. It
consists of two main components: rapping (MCing) and DJing (production and scratching ). Along with hip hop dance (notably break dancing) and urban inspired art, or notably graffiti, these compose the four elements of hip hop, a cultural movement that was initiated by inner-city youth, mostly African Americans [1] in New York City, in the early 1970s.

Typically, hip hop music consists of rhythmic lyrics making use of techniques like assonance,

alliteration, and rhyme. The rapper is accompanied by an instrumental track, usually referred to as a
"beat," performed by a DJ, created by a producer, or one or more instrumentalists. Historically, this beat has often been created using a sample of the percussion break of another song: usually funk and soul recordings have been utilized. However, in recent years, it has become more common for the beat to be built up from individual drum samples. In addition to the beat, other sounds are often sampled,

synthesized, or performed. Sometimes a track can be instrumental, as a showcase of the skills of the DJ or producer.

Hip hop began in The Bronx, a borough in New York City , when DJs began isolating the percussion break from funk and disco songs. The early role of the MC was to introduce the DJ and the music and to keep the audience excited. MCs began by speaking between songs, giving exhortations to dance, greetings to audience members, jokes and anecdotes. Eventually this practice became more stylized and became known as

rapping. By 1979, hip hop had become a commercially popular music genre and

began to enter the American mainstream. In the 1990s, a form of hip hop called gangsta rap became a major part of American music, causing significant controversy over lyrics which were perceived as promoting violence, terrorism, [2] promiscuity, drug use and misogyny. Nevertheless, by the beginning of the 2000s, hip hop was a staple of popular music charts and was being performed in many styles across the world.


Section A. Vocabulary
Match words and definitions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ( ( Disco Misogyny Rhyme Audience Gangsta rap ) The people listening to or watching a performance, speech, television show, etc. ) A subgenre of hip hop.

( ( (

) The repetition of vowel sounds in two or more words in a line within a short passage of verse ) A genre of music that originated in discothèques. ) hatred or strong prejudice against women.

or prose.

Section B. Grammar
Underline or circle the error 1. Hip hop music consist of rapping and Djing. 2. The term hip hop refer to both a musical and a cultural genre that was developed by African Americans and Latinos. 3. The term “hip hop dance” cover a wide range of styles. 4. Today, many dance studios offers hip hop classes of some sort. 5. Some criticizes this type of teaching as being too strict and too choreographed.

Section C. Reading comprehension
Read the text and mark the correct option 1. a) b) c) d) e) 2. a) b) c) d) e) 3. a) b) c) What is the topic of this passage? A famous song. A popular music style. A soul music A funk song. An American song It can be inferred from the passage that The majority of hip hop music creators were black. Major part of American people like hip hop. A great amount of African American rejects hip hop songs. Hip hop songs are sang mostly by African Americans. Hip hop songs are not too popular among African Americans communities. According to the passage, which item below is not a hip hop element? Graffiti Rapping inner-city

d) e) 4. a) b) c) d) e)

Mcing Djing Which of these statements is true according to the passage? The hip hop movement was created by the young people from the poorest part of NYC. The hip hop music came into existence in African communities. The style of music known as rap exists since the 1980s. The hip hop music became popular in the USA in the early 1970s. Mcing and Djing are components of the urban inspired art called graffiti.

Section D. Writing
Answer these questions according to the text 1. 2. 3. 4. When did rap music come into existence in the United States? What are the techniques used in the rhythmic lyrics of hip hop music? Who began this movement? What are the most known elements of this culture?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Section E. Listening Listen and mark the correct alternative about Hip hop fashion: 1.

a) (


b) (



a) (


b) (



a) ( 4.


b) (


a) (


b) (


Section F. Speaking
Observe the pictures and describe three of them:







Answer Key Section A – Vocabulary (approximately 10 minutes) a) (4) b) (5) c) (3) d) (1) e) (2) Section B – Grammar (approximately 10 minutes) 1. consist 2. refer 3. cover 4. offers 5. criticizes Section C – Reading Comprehension (approximately 10 minutes) 1) b 2) a 3) c 4) a Section D – Writing (approximately 10 minutes) Possible answers: 1) Rap music came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s. 2) They are assonance, alliteration and rhyme. 3) It was initiated by the African-Americans 4) The elements are djing, rapping, breakdancing and graffiti. Section E. Listening (approximately 5 minutes)  Read the text once and ask the students to look at the pictures.  Read the text again and ask the students to mark the correct alternative.  The text has to be read in a natural speed. Text Hip Hop style Teenagers who listen to the same music often have a common look. One hot style in music and fashion is hip hop. Simply put, hip hop is a type of urban music with a heavy beat. Typical hip hop fashions are loose-fitting street clothes. The style includes baggy pants, sweatshirts, hiking boots, baseball caps (usually worn backward), jackets with sports logos, and expensive athletic shoes. In the hip hop style, boys and girls often dress the same way.

1. b (baggy pants) 2. b (sweatshirt) 3. a (hiking boots) 4. a (cap) Section F. Speaking (approximately 5 minutes) Grammar ,05 ponto Vocabulary 0,5 ponto Comprehension 1,0 ponto Fluency 1,0 ponto

Total score: 25,0 points • Section A. Vocabulary: 5,0 points (1,0 for each correct answer) • Section B. Grammar: 5,0 points (1,0 for each correct answer) • Section C. Reading comprehension: 4,0 points (1,0 point for each correct answer) • Section D. Writing: 4,0 points (1,0 point for each correct answer) • Section E. Listening: 4,0 points (1,0 point for each correct answer) • Section F. Speaking: 3,0 points (1,0 point for each correct description)

• Language focus: simple present and vocabulary related to songs, fashions and characteristics of Hip Hop culture. • Topic: Hip Hop culture • Audience: 1st grade – High School • Genre of the text: biography • Type of reading: Interactive. The tasks have a combination of form-focused processing than on bottom-up. • Goal: Check the students’ ability to infer words from the context, the use of the Simple Present, reading for specific information, the ability in impromptu reading and responding to questions and listening for specific information. • Assessment: Summative – It measures what students have achieved within the teaching unit. and meaning-

focused objectives with more emphasis on meaning. So the tasks imply a little more on top-down

Formal – It is an achievement test to determine whether course objectives have been met and appropriate knowledge and skills acquired by the end of period of instruction. • Principles Practicality: The test is practical because it is not excessively expensive, stays within appropriate time constraints, it is easy to administer and has a scoring/evaluation procedure that is specific and time-efficient. Reliability: The test has high reliability because it is dependable. There is a lot of multiple choice activities related to a specific topic. Although the Speaking part has low reliability, because students have to produce spontaneously, the language focus (vocabulary and grammar) they are supposed to use is going to be similar to what they've already read and produced before. Validity: the test has much content validity because it all matches what the unit talked about: simple present and Hip Hop vocabulary. The test is divided into the four abilities, which means that the Reading part is really assessing reading and comprehension; writing part is assessing how the students can write about what they've understood on reading part; listening part is assessing how much the students understand what they listen to; and finally speaking part is assessing how much students can produce orally about a studied theme. Authenticity: The language in the text is natural. The items are contextualized and the topic is interesting for the learner. Washback: Besides being a summative test the teacher can use it to give interactive feedback, what allows the learners realize their weakest points. This can provide washback in the form of information to the learner on progress toward goals.

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