Joint declaration of the government of the Republic of France and the government of the Republic of South Africa regarding future co-operation in climate change South Africa and France recall the commitments they made at the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 and at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002, and are mindful of their responsibilities towards future generations. Both countries are aware of the urgent need to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, to promote sustainable development and to do everything within their power to prevent irreversible global warming. This requires stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. France and South Africa are actively engaged in the multilateral negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, and are resolved to participate actively in the negotiations that form part of the Bali Roadmap which will culminate in 2009 in a strengthened international climate change regime. They emphasize the equal importance of adaptation and mitigation in these negotiations, welcome the operationalization of the Adaptation Fund, and recognize the urgent need to upscale finance for climate change, in particular for adaptation. The two countries have signed other agreements, in the transport, energy, scientific and technological sectors, and recognize that these sectors are vital to combating climate change. In addition South Africa and France are collaborating on a number of projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) (Durban Landfill, Kuyasa project in Cape Town, Omnia project in Sasolburg, energy source substitution in Lenasia and Pretoria) and have signed a separate agreement for their facilitation. South Africa and France confirm their joint commitment to enhancing co- operation in the area of climate change and hereby record their mutual understanding that future co-operation should be aimed at: Enhanced collaboration on science and technology, including fostering connections between leading research institutions. Enhanced policy dialogue and collaboration between governmental regulatory, observation, monitoring and implementation institutions and other public entities.. Encouraging the business sectors of their two countries to collaborate in the field of innovation and deployment of the most advanced low carbon and adaptation technologies, including through joint ventures. Develop public awareness/education programmes on the links between climate change, poverty eradication and social development and enhancing the involvement of civil society in local action. Enhanced collaboration in facilitating and supporting the work of other African countries in their efforts to build their capacity to prepare for and respond to the causes and impacts of climate change. Further substance to this declaration of intent will be developed in a detailed terms of reference and work programme developed by our officials within the next 6 months.