Blackie 122002

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					                                              Curriculum Vitae



                                    CAROLINE A. BLACKIE
                                 BOptom, MPhil, OD, PhD, FAAO


Current positions:
    Nov 2005- present        Clinical Research Scientist   Kolis Scientific Inc.
    PT Nov 2005-Oct 06


    2003-present             Optometrist                   Employee of Derek Feifke OD
    PT Oct 06- present


Education:

    1999-2003      O.D.        University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
                               Final year of OD: in residence with Korb & Associates, Boston, MA
    1997-2001      Ph.D.       Cornell University, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior
    1994-96        M.Phil.     Rand Afrikaans University (RAU), Department of Optometry,
                               South Africa
    1990-94        B.Optom.    RAU, Department of Optometry, South Africa




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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                     Caroline Blackie OD, PhD

Clinical experience:
I graduated from the Rand Afrikaans University (RAU), South Africa in 1994 and remained at RAU for
and additional two years to further develop my clinical skills, to pursue clinical teaching and to actively
engage in research. Accordingly, while completing an M.Phil. at RAU, I divided my time between
providing primary eye care, clinical teaching (see teaching section) and research (see research section).
During this period I also worked part time as an optometrist at a private practice in Johannesburg, and on
completing my M.Phil., in Zimbabwe. I left Africa in May 1997 to pursue a PhD at Cornell University. In
August 1999, I moved to the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) to attain US optometric licensure
and continued my doctoral research inabsentia from Cornell. For the final year of the OD program I was
in residence with Korb & Associates in Boston, MA. After graduating from UCB, I worked for Jon
Volovick, OD, prior to his early retirement. His practice involved a considerable amount of outreach to
geriatric populations in Nursing homes and extended care facilities. Since Dec 2003 I have worked in a
primary care, private practice with Derek Feifke OD (owner). Although I am in full-time research again, I
devote one day a week to clinical practice.
Past Clinical positions
 June 2003-Dec 2003       Associate of Jon Volovick, O.D., Burlington MA.
 2002-03                  Student of Donald Korb, O.D., Boston MA
 1994-97                  Optometrist in primary care clinic at RAU
 1994-97                  Optometrist for R.D. Van Gool, B.Optom., Ph.D. Johannesburg, South Africa
 1996                     Optometrist for Rivron & Sons, B.Optom., Harare Zimbabwe

Teaching experience:
My college level teaching experience ranges from lecturing course material to providing individual
mentorship in the areas of general biology, vision science and clinical optometry. In 1995 I served as a
graduate teaching assistant for optometry laboratory courses (1st & 3rd year) at RAU. At Cornell I taught
freshman biology labs (this resulted in a teaching award) and an advanced course, vision in vertebrates.
At UCB, I was the only student instructor in the primary care clinic during the summer of 2002 (this
privilege was offered to me by the head of the clinic at UC Berkeley, Prof. E Revelli). I supervised a
clinical science based OD thesis project and mentored two undergraduate research assistants in Prof.
Wildsoet’s lab at UCB. Both training ventures resulted in publication (see abstracts*)


 2002 (3mths)    Graduate teaching instructor in primary care clinic at UCB
 2000-03         Post Doctoral researcher for Professor CF Wildsoet, UCB: Supervision of an OD
                 thesis project and 2 undergraduate students (see abstracts*)
 1997-99         Graduate teaching assistant Cornell University 1) Vision in Vertebrates, 2)
                 Introductory Biology (Freshman Laboratory Course)
 1995-97         Graduate teaching assistant RAU: 1) Matrix Algebra (Ophthalmic Optics), 2)
                 Optometry 1 & 3 (Laboratory Course)

Research experience:
The focus of my M.Phil was statistical analysis and manipulation of refractive and keratometric data (with
Prof. WF Harris). I developed a mathematical transformation of multidimensional refractive data such
that transformed data could be classified statistically as normally distributed. These techniques are
necessary for the parametric analysis of multidimensional refractive data and also provide implicit
information about the nature of the multidimensional distributions themselves. The focus of my Ph.D.
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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                       Caroline Blackie OD, PhD

was computational models of emmetropization and accommodation and convergence (with Prof. HC
Howland). I analyzed and augmented previously published mathematical models of emmetropization
and accommodation & convergence. While enrolled in OD program at Berkeley, I held a postdoctoral
position in Prof. CF Wildsoet’s laboratory. This proved to be an excellent opportunity for me to develop
hands-on experimental skills and incorporate them into the theoretical bias of my previous research.
From 2003 until Nov 2006 I was engaged in part-time research, on various aspects of dry eye, through
Ocular Research of Boston (with Donald Korb, OD) and Kolis Scientific. I am now back in full-time
research working in the area of meibomian gland function and its relationship to dry eye. I still see
patients once a week at Derek Feifke’s private practice.




Publications:

Blackie CA (1995) Kurtosis of multivariate distributions with particular reference to refractive state. S.
     Afr. Optom. 54:71.
Blackie CA (1995) Refractive and keratometric measurements: Departures from transformations towards
     multivariate normality. M.Phil. Dissertation. Department of Optometry, Rand Afrikaans University.
Blackie CA and Harris WF (1996) Refraction and keratometry; Departures from and transformations
     towards multivariate normality. In: Mopane 1996: Refraction and Keratometry: The Mathematics and
     Statistics, Conference Proceedings (A. Rubin and W.F. Harris, eds.), Johannesburg Optometric Science
     Research Group, pp. 107-115.
Blackie CA and Harris WF (1997) Refraction and keratometry: Departures from and transformations
     towards multivariate normality. Optom. Vis. Sci. 74:452-458.
Blackie CA and Howland HC (1999) An Extension of an Accommodation and Convergence Model of
     Emmetropization to Include the Effects of Illumination Intensity. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 19:112-125
Blackie CA and Howland HC (2000) Stability analysis of a two-dimensional linear system:
     accommodation and convergence. VSIA Technical digest 165-8.
Blackie CA and Howland HC (2000) Stability analysis of two linear accommodation and convergence
     models. Optom. Vis. Sci 77(11): 608-615.
Blackie CA (2001) Accommodation and convergence modeling: analysis and application. Ph.D.
     Dissertation. Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell Univeristy.
Korb DR, Herman JP, Greiner JV, Scaffidi RC, Finnemore VM, Exford JM, Blackie CA, Douglass T. (2005)
       Lid wiper epitheliopathy and dry eye symptoms. Eye Contact Lens. Jan;31(1):2-8.



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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                     Caroline Blackie OD, PhD

Korb DR, Scaffidi RC, Greiner JV, Kenyon KR, Herman JP, Blackie CA, Glonek T, Case CL, Finnemore
     VM, Douglass T (2005) The effect of two novel lubricant eye drops on tear film lipid layer thickness
     in subjects with dry eye symptoms. Optom. Vis. Sci 82 (7): 594-601.
Solomon JD, Case CL, Greiner JV, Blackie CA, Herman JP, Korb DR (2007) Transient Visual Degradation
     and the Polygonal Reflex of Fischer-Schweitzer Following Warm Compress Application In Press:
     Optom Vis Sci.
Korb DR, Herman JP, Finnemore VM, Exford JM, Blackie CA (2007) An evaluation of the efficacy of
     fluorescein, rose bengal, lissamine green and a new dye mixture for ocular surface staining. In Press:
     Eye Contact Lens.
Submitted and in final revision:

Blackie CA, Solomon JD, Greiner JV, Holmes M, Korb DR. Inner eyelid surface temperature as a function

     of warm compress methodology. Submitted to Optometry and Vision Science September 13 2007.




Abstracts:

Blackie CA, Harris WF and Howland HC (1997) Refraction and keratometry: Departures from and
     transformations towards multivariate normality. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 38(4):S851.
Blackie CA and Howland HC (1998) Extension of the Flitcroft model of emmetropization: Inclusion of
     pupil size. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 39(4):S279.
Blackie CA and Howland HC (1999) A Binocular Model of Emmetropization. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci
     40(4):S449.
Blackie CA and Howland HC (2000) Stability analysis of linear and nonlinear models of accommodation
     and convergence. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci 41(4):S818.
*Blackie CA, Aizenman MS, Tsu AP and Wildsoet CF (2001). The relationship between accommodation,
     pupil size and cognitive demand measured under binocular viewing conditions. The Journal of the
     American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci 78(12):157.
Wildosoet CF, Blackie CA, Xie C and Payne W (2001) Albino chicks – an appropriate refractive error
     model for human albinism. The Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci
     78(12):89.
*Blackie CA, Ni W and Wildsoet, CF (2002). Anisomyopia does not result in interocular differences in
     lens-induced blur sensitivity. The Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci
     79(12):26.
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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                       Caroline Blackie OD, PhD

Blackie CA and Howland HC (2002). Accommodation and convergence adaptation models reviewed. The
     Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci 79(12):290.
Korb DR, Scaffidi RC, Greiner JV, Kenyon KR, Herman JP, Blackie CA, Case CL, Finnemore VM,
     Douglass T (2004). Increased Tear Film Lipid Layer Thickness With The Use Of Two Novel
     Lubricant Eye Drops Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci 81.
Korb DR, Herman JP, Greiner JV, Exford JM, Scaffidi RC, Finnemore VM, Blackie CA, Douglass T (2004).
     Lid Wiper Epitheliopathy and Dry Eye. Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom
     Vis Sci.
Herman JP, Korb DR, Greiner JV, Scaffidi RC, Blackie CA (2005) Treatment of lid wiper epitheliopathy
     with a metastable lipid emulsion or a corticosteroid. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci 46: S2017
Korb DR, Scaffidi RC, Greiner JV, Kenyon KR, Herman JP, Blackie CA, Glonek T, Case CL, Finnemore M,
     Douglass T. (2005) Lipid layer thickness changes following the instillation of two novel lubricant eye
     drops. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci 46: S2036
Scaffidi RC, Korb DR, Greiner JV, Blackie CA (2005) Lipid layer thickness and dry eye symptoms Invest.
     Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci 46: S4444
Korb DR, Herman JP, Solomon JD, Greiner JV, Blackie CA (2006) Lid Wiper Staining and Sequential
     Fluorescein Instillation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci (242/B420)
Korb DR, Blackie CA, Gravely BT (2006) A New Device for the Diagnosis of Meibomian Gland
     Dysfunction and Obstruction. Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci.
Solomon JD, Case CL, Greiner JV, Blackie CA, Herman JP, Korb DR (2007) Transient Visual Degradation
     and the Polygonal Reflex of Fischer-Schweitzer Following Warm Compress Application Journal of the
     American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci.
Korb DR, Blackie CA, Solomon JD, Gravely BT, Douglass T (2007) A Device to Standardize and Quantify
     the Force Used to Diagnose Meibomian Gland Obstruction and Dysfunction Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis.
     Sci (439/B641)
Blackie CA, Solomon JD, Paul L, Korb DR. Evaluation of the time required for a single optimally
     secreting meibomian gland to recover after it has been drained of available oil. Journal of the American
     Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci.
Korb DR, Blackie CA, Paul L, Solomon JD. The distribution of lower lid meibomian glands yielding
     liquid secretion. . Journal of the American Academy of Optometry – Supp: Optom Vis Sci.




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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                    Caroline Blackie OD, PhD




Conferences presentations:

      1996: Refraction and keratometry: Departures from and transformations towards multivariate
            normality. In: Mopane 1996: Refraction and Keratometry: The Mathematics and Statistics.(An
            international conference held at the Kruger Park in South Africa)
      2000: Stability analysis of a two-dimensional linear system: accommodation and convergence.
            VSIA 2000, Santa Fe New Mexico
      2002: Anisomyopia does not result in interocular differences in lens-induced blur sensitivity. AAO
            2002, San Diego, CA
      2002: Accommodation and convergence adaptation models reviewed. AAO 2002, San Diego, CA




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