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1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science TEST UNIT NAME GPS STANDARD ELEMENT SKILLS ITEMS Pre Post Unit 1 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.NS.PS.SCSh7 Students will analyze how a Student will Describe how Nature of Science scientific knowledge is recognize that the scientific principles developed. Universe is a vast single apply universally, system in which the citing several basic principles are the examples same everywhere. b Student will Explain why universal recognize that Universal principles must be principles are verified by multiple discovered through observations and N/A N/A observation and investigations experimental verification. List and explain the steps in the scientific method Demonstrate how a scientific procedure is developed c From time to time, Explain why scientific major shifts occur in the theories and scientific view of how principles may the world works. More change over time often, however, the changes that take place in the body of scientific Describe examples of knowledge are small scientific modifications of prior theories/principles knowledge. Major shifts that have changed as in scientific views a result of new typically occur after the knowledge. observation of a new phenomenon or an insightful interpretation Describe examples of of existing data by an scientific individual or research theories/principles group. that have changed as a result of different interpretations of existing knowledge. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Unit 1 d Hypotheses often Explain why scientists N/A N/A Nature of Science cause scientists to would need to develop new develop new experiments that procedure and produce additional data experiments in order to test hypotheses. Explain a specific situation in which scientists had to develop a new experiment in order to test a hypothesis. GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.NS.PS.SCSh7 e. Testing revising, and Explain the occasionally rejecting circumstances under new and old theories which a new theory never ends. would be rejected. Explain the circumstances under which an old theory would be rejected or revised. Describe an example of an old theory which was revisited and rejected. Explain why theories are continually revisited and retested. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Unit 1 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.NS.PS.SCSh8 Students will understand a Scientific Differentiate between Nature of Science important features of the investigators control the dependent and process of scientific conditions of their independent variables inquiry. experiments in order to in an experiment. produce valuable data. Explain why all conditions must be controlled during a valid experiment. Describe one circumstance in which an uncontrolled variable could negate the results of an experiment. b Scientific researchers Analyze sources of are expected to critically data to determine assess the quality of quality and validity. data including possible sources of bias in their investigations, hypotheses, observations, data analyses, and interpretations. c Scientists use Explain why peer practices such as peer review is necessary review and publication to maintain and N/A N/A to reinforce the integrity reinforce the integrity of scientific activity and of scientific reporting. investigations and reporting. N/A N/A Differentiate between peer-reviewed publications and non- peer-reviewed publications. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science d The merit of a new Explain why a theory theory is judged by how must fit all observed well scientific data are phenomena and data. explained by the new theory. Describe a situation in which failure to verify scientific data resulted in the rejection of a new theory. Unit 1 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.NS.PS.SCSh8 e The ultimate goal of Explain why biases Nature of Science science is to develop an have no place in understanding of the scientific theories and natural Universe which investigations is free of biases. Describe one instance in which N/A N/A scientific and cultural biases resulted in the acceptance of a principle that was later disproven. f Science disciplines Describe the different N/A N/A and traditions differ from outcomes sought in one another in what is the major categories studied, techniques of science (earth used, and outcomes science, life science, sought. physical science) GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.NS.PS.SCSh1 Students will evaluate the a Students will exhibit Explain the importance of curiosity, curiosity, honesty, importance of honesty, openness, and openness, and honesty and skepticism in science. skepticism in their own openness when scientific activities. conducting scientific investigations. Describe situations in which lack of honesty can negatively influence the outcome of scientific experiments. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b Recognize that Explain how different different explanations explanations may be often can be given for given for the same the same evidence. set of data and how this might affect the outcome of an investigation. c Explain that further Explain how different understanding of experimental designs scientific problems may result in different N/A relies on the design and outcomes and N/A execution of new reinforce opposing experiments which may explanations and reinforce or weaken theories. opposing explanations. GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh2 Students will use a. Follow correct Demonstrate correct N/A N/A standard safety practices procedures for use of safety procedures for for all classroom scientific apparatus. common types of lab laboratory and field equipment. investigations Explain specific examples of how using inappropriate procedures with various pieces of equipment may result in hazardous conditions. b Demonstrate Demonstrate NA N/A appropriate techniques appropriate common in all laboratory laboratory techniques situations. in class. .b Demonstrate Explain why appropriate techniques inappropriate in all laboratory techniques may result situations. in hazardous conditions. c Follow correct Describe several protocol for identifying examples of safety and reporting safety problems and problems and violations. violations which may occur in laboratory situations. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh3 Students will identify and a Suggest reasonable Given a situational investigate problems hypotheses for problem, suggest scientifically. identified problems. reasonable hypothesis(es). Given a set of observations and several possible procedures to be used in solving it, choose the best one. b Develop procedures Given a problem, for solving scientific design a procedure problems. for testing and solving. Given a problem and several possible procedures to be used in solving it, choose the best one. c Collect, organize and Given a problem and record appropriate data. procedure, collect, organize and record the associated appropriately. d Graphically compare After recording data GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh3 Students will identify and and analyze data points from a procedure, N/A NA investigate problems and/or summary enter into an scientifically. statistics. appropriate graph. Compare data and summary statistics using various types of graphs. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science e Develop reasonable Given a problem and conclusions based on a set of collected data collected. data, develop a reasonable conclusion. Given a problem and a set of collected data, choose the most reasonable conclusion from a list f Evaluate whether Given sets of data conclusions are and accompanying reasonable by reviewing conclusions, the process and determine whether checking against other conclusions are available information reasonable based on research of similar procedures and information. GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh3 Given procedures, sets of data and accompanying conclusions, determine whether conclusions are reasonable based on research of similar procedures and information. Unit 1 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh4 Students will use tools a Develop and use Given a set of data, Nature of Science and instruments for systematic procedures choose and produce observing, measuring, for recording and appropriate tables, and manipulating organizing information. graphs, etc. scientific equipment and b Use technology to Given a set of data, N/A N/A materials. produce tables and use graphing graphs. software to produce appropriate graphs and tables. c Use technology to Given a set of data, develop, test, and predict a trend of revise experimental or pattern, the using mathematical models. graphing software to develop the model for comparison. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh5 Students will demonstrate a Trace the source on Given a problem, the computation and any large disparity predict answers then estimation skills between estimated and calculate, necessary for analyzing calculated answers to investigating and data and developing problems. explaining any large reasonable scientific differences. explanations. b Consider possible Given a set of data effects of measurement with measurement errors on calculations. errors, predict then determine effects on final calculations. c Recognize the Given sets of relationship between measurements, accuracy and precision. differentiate between those that are accurate and those that are precise, explaining their relationships. d Express appropriate Given sets of data for numbers of significant problems, determine figures for calculated the appropriate data, using scientific number of significant notation where figures for the final appropriate. calculation. Given sets of numbers (and related significant figures) put numbers into scientific notation when appropriate. e Solve scientific Given problems, problems by substituting solve, using quantitative values, appropriate formulas. using dimensional analysis and/or simple algebraic formulas as appropriate. GPS.9_12.SC.PS.CS.HM.PS.SCSh6 Students will a Write clear, coherent Given scientific N/A N/A communicate scientific laboratory reports procedures and sets investigations and related to scientific of data, write concise, information clearly. investigations. coherent laboratory reports in appropriate format. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b Write clear, coherent Given a specific topic, accounts of current research available scientific issues data and articles, including possible writing a concise, alternative cohesive report to interpretations of the include a section of data. alternative points of view. c Use data as evidence Given a particular to support scientific point of view of some arguments and claims scientific theory, N/A N/A in written or oral present argument presentations. for/against supported by appropriate data. d Participate in group Given a particular N/A N/A discussions of scientific topic in science, investigation and prepare to articulate current scientific issues. current theories and trends in science, based on research. Unit 2 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS8 Students will determine a Calculate velocity Given problems in Motion relationships between and acceleration. word form, calculate force, mass, and motion velocity and acceleration, using appropriate formulas and units. Given specific scenario, collect and organize data, then calculate velocity and acceleration using appropriate formulas and units. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b.1.2.&3 Apply Explain Newton’s 3 Newton’s three laws to laws, describing everyday situations by specific examples of explaining the following: each -inertia -relationship between force, Given a list of mass and situations/events, acceleration match which of -equal and Newton’s laws opposite forces applies/is present Describe inertia, explaining what affects it and how it affects motion (giving specific examples) Explain the relationships among force, mass and acceleration, both in word form and in formula form. Given a list of forces (action, name and describe the reaction force, explaining the requirements for action-reaction forces. Given word problems, solve for force, mass or acceleration, using appropriate formulas and units 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science c Relate falling objects Describe gravitational to gravitational force. forces and the variables that determine their strengths. Demonstrate that, on/near the Earth, objects fall with a constant acceleration, regardless of mass. Given word problems, correctly solve for time of fall, final velocity of object, Unit 2 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS8 and/or height from Motion which object fell, using appropriate formulas and units. Given situational specifics, collect and organize data, then calculate time of fall, final velocity of object, and/or height from which object fell, using appropriate formulas and units. Demonstrate that horizontal velocity and vertical velocity and acceleration are independent. d Explain the difference Explain the difference in mass and weight. between mass and weight, including different units. Given mass or weight of an object, calculate the other, using appropriate formula and units. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Unit 2 Given specific Motion situation, determine the mass or weight of an object in a laboratory setting, record data appropriately, then calculate the other quantity, using appropriate formula and nits; check calculations using laboratory procedures (and account for any errors). b Apply Newton’s three Explain what a force laws to everyday is, providing everyday situations by explaining examples. the following: -inertia Demonstrate -relationship balanced and between force, unbalanced forces, mass and describing their acceleration effects on motion -equal and opposite forces Explain how force affects motion and what must be present in order for their to be an acceleration 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Unit 3 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS8 Students will determine c Relate falling objects Explain what a Forces relationships between to gravitational force. gravitational force is force, mass and and what it depends acceleration. on. Describe how different locations in the Universe affect gravitational force and gravitational acceleration Given problems, calculate gravitational force, mass(es), distance of some combination, using appropriate formula(s) and units. Develop a method for measuring the gravitational acceleration on/near Earth, follow developed procedures to measure, using appropriate laboratory techniques, collect and record data, and calculate unknown, using appropriate formula(s) and units. d Explain the difference Explain the difference 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science in mass and weight. between mass and weight. Given mass or weight, calculate the other, using appropriate formula and units. Describe the effect of gravitational force on mass and on weight. Explain why different locations in the Universe result in different weights for the same object. Unit 4 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS7 Students will relate a Identify energy Given specific Energy transformations and flow transformations within a examples, identify of energy within a system. system (e.g. lighting of type of energy a match) transformation 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b Investigate molecular Explain what thermal motion as it relates to energy is and what thermal energy changes can change it within a in terms of conduction, substance/object convection, and radiation Describe molecular motion of solids, liquids, and gases Explain how an increase/decrease in thermal energy affects the motion of the molecules/particles of a substance/object Describe and demonstrate the difference between thermal energy and heat Describe the differences among conduction, convection and radiation and the type of substance in which you are most likely to find each. c Determine the heat Explain what the capacity of a substance specific heat of a using mass, specific substance is and why heat, and temperature. each substance has a 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science different specific heat. Given appropriate data (including mass, specific heat, and/or temperature) calculate the unknown, using appropriate formula and units. Given various objects, determine mass and temperature change, collecting and organizing data, then calculate specific heat. Compare to known values from table and account for any large disparity. d Explain the flow of Given a specific energy in phase situation, create a changes through the phase diagram (flow use of a phase diagram. chart) diagramming the appropriate phase changes; write a brief paragraph explaining/justifying your choices. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Unit 5 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS8 Students will determine e Calculate amounts of Explain the difference Machines relationships between work and mechanical between work and force, mass and advantage using simple power. acceleration. machines. Describe mechanical advantage and the variables that affect it, giving appropriate formulas. Given specific data, calculate work, force, distance moved, mechanical advantage, power and/or efficiency, using appropriate formulas and units. Given a specific situation, develop and follow a procedure to measure and calculate the amount of work done and power used in a specific example. Unit 7 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS9 Students will investigate a Recognize that all Describe waves in Waves the properties of waves. waves transfer energy. terms of energy movement thru matter or space. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b Relate frequency and Explain the wavelength to the differences between energy of different types electromagnetic of electromagnetic waves and waves and mechanical mechanical waves waves. Describe the different areas of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of different frequencies and wavelengths. Describe the different types of mechanical waves in terms of the materials through which they will move. Unit 7 c Compare and Compare Waves contrast the electromagnetic and characteristics of mechanical (sound) electromagnetic and waves in terms of mechanical (sound) -frequencies waves -wavelengths -media -speeds 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science d Investigate the Explain the phenomena of differences among reflection, refraction, reflection, refraction, interference, and interference, and diffraction. diffraction with respect to lenses and mirrors. Using different types and sizes of lenses, with pencil and paper draw and measure the different angles that result for reflection and refraction. Using a wave tank (ripple tank) or some reasonable facsimile of one, produce constructive and destructive interference, producing different amplitude and frequency waves to determine the effects on interference. Determine the effects of size and opening and frequency and amplitude of waves on diffraction, using light shining around a corner and/or waves striking a barrier. e Relate the speed of Explain why sound sound to different travels at different mediums. speeds in different media. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science Determine in which media sound travels the fastest (if possible, experimentally; if not, through research) f Explain the Doppler Describe what occurs effect in terms of to produce the everyday interactions. Doppler effect, including the conditions that must be present Describe at least two everyday examples of the Doppler effect Unit 6 GPS.9_12.SC.PS.C.PS.SPS10 Students will investigate a Investigate static Explain what Electricity- the properties of electricity in terms of electricity is and what Electromagnetism electricity and magnetism friction, induction, and must happen for it to conduction be present Describe the differences between current electricity and static electricity Demonstrate the build-up of static electricity using friction between materials Differentiate between the build-up of electric charges by conduction and induction Give at least one everyday example of static electricity produced by conduction and one everyday example of static electricity produced by conduction 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science b.1.2.3 Explain the flow Explain the conditions of electrons in terms of that must be present -alternating and in order for an electric direct current current to flow -the relationship Among voltage, Explain the resistance and differences between current alternating and direct -simple series current, citing and parallel examples of each. circuits Explain Ohm’s law and demonstrate how it can be used to determine voltage, resistance or current n simple circuits. Explain the differences between series and parallel circuits. Demonstrate how to construct simple series circuits, explaining how the quantities in the power supply are split up among the loads Demonstrate how to construct simple series circuits, explaining how the quantities in the power supply are split up among the loads. Explain the advantages to using parallel circuits in homes and other buildings. 1ST NINE WEEKS CURRICULUM MAP-----GRADE: 10 SUBJECT: Phy Science c.1.2.3 Investigate Describe the applications of interdependence of magnetism and/or its electricity and relationship to the magnetism and how movement of electrical this can be used to charge as it relates to generate electricity -electromagnets -simple motors Explain the -permanent differences between Motors electromagnets and permanent magnets, citing the advantages of electromagnets Explain the steps used to produce electricity in power plants, specifically what equipment/material is needed for each step Draw and label a simple electric generator, citing the energy change present and the desired outcome Draw and label a simple electric motor, citing the energy change present and the desired outcome Permanent magnets (composed of Ni, Fe or Co) retain their magnetic properties unless heated or dropped

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