Docstoc

GUIDELINES

Document Sample
GUIDELINES Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                         63


                                                                SECTION D


                                              EVALUATION OF OWN WORK



                                                                 CONTENTS



1.   INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 64




2.   CHECKLIST FOR SELF-EVALUATION ............................................................................................. 64
     2.1          GENERAL ............................................................................................................................. 64
     2.2          LITERATURE STUDY .......................................................................................................... 64
     2.3          SELECTION AND ARRANGEMENT ................................................................................... 65
     2.4          EDITING OF SENTENCES AND PARAGRAPHS ............................................................... 66
     2.5          STYLE ................................................................................................................................... 66
     2.6          QUOTATIONS, CITATIONS AND THE LIST OF REFERENCES ........................................ 67
     2.7          HEADINGS AND TABLES OF CONTENTS ........................................................................ 67
     2.8          THE FIRST CHAPTER ......................................................................................................... 68
     2.9          LATER CHAPTERS: INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY .................................................. 68
     2.10         THE FINAL CHAPTER ......................................................................................................... 68
     2.11         THE FINAL PRODUCT ........................................................................................................ 68




3.   EXAMINATION AND FINAL EDITING OF THE MANUSCRIPT AFTER THE ORAL EVALUATION 69
     3.1          EXAMINING .......................................................................................................................... 69
     3.2          RESUBMISSIONS ................................................................................................................ 69
                                                        64

                                 EVALUATION OF YOUR OWN WORK1

                                              1. INTRODUCTION

        "Ever since ancient man diligently chipped away at a stone slab, each subsequent generation has
                              discovered that writing is hard work" (Barnes, 1989:2).

A student sometimes submits work expecting the supervisor to be satisfied with it, and then feels very
disappointed when it is returned with unfavourable comments. The reason for this may be that the student

 is not conversant with the requirements/criteria with which an item of research must meet, and
 did not devote enough time to self-evaluation of his/her work on the basis of those criteria.

If you closely monitor what you have written while you are working on your thesis/dissertation/assignment, as
well as during the editing of the final copy, many errors may be eliminated.

The rounding off phase of a chapter or of the complete manuscript, however, demands particularly sustained
concentration and scrupulous attention to detail.


                 USE THIS LIST TO CHECK YOUR WORK BEFORE HANDING IN ANY WORK.


                                 2. CHECKLIST FOR SELF-EVALUATION


2.1        GENERAL

2.1.1      Have you studied this part of the manual thoroughly?

2.1.2      Have you assessed your work on the basis of the guidelines contained in the manual?

2.1.3      Have you compared your own work critically with a few other theses/dissertations/scientific
           articles/assignments?

2.1.4      Have you asked someone else to check your work, using these questions?

2.1.5      Is your submitted work bound into a manageable file?

2.1.6      Are your name and telephone number written on the front cover of the file?

2.1.7      Is the text printed on only one side of the sheet in order to leave room for the comments of your
           supervisor/promotor?

2.1.8      Have you used the prescribed line spacing for printed work?

2.1.9      Have you remembered to include the title, table of contents, list of sources used, and also the
           original, complete problem statement with this chapter?


2.2        LITERATURE STUDY

2.2.1      Have you consulted all the important recent sources in researching the main theme of the chapter?

           Excessive reliance on two or three sources may well be an indication that you have read too
           narrowly (and have not explored the whole terrain).

2.2.2      Have you consulted the most recent sources?

1
    Based on Kriegler, 1993
                                                       65


        Recent research and theory is found mainly in professional journals.            The average "age" of
        references should not be more than five years.

2.2.3   Are the older sources that you quote classic works and important even though they are old?

2.2.4   Have you, as far as possible, consulted the original sources?

        Try always to consult original/primary sources rather than to quote "secondhand"/secondary
        resources.

2.2.5   Are your primary resources really authoritative and of high academic quality?

        You should preferably not use undergraduate textbooks and definitely not lecture notes or popular
        scientific resources.

2.2.6   Is the literature that you have used fully integrated in your text?

        The emphasis should fall on interpretation and evaluation of existing literature in the light of your
        stated problem. If you use quotations they should fit into your own sentence structure logically and
        grammatically.

2.2.7   Have you eliminated all headings that refer to writers by arranging the material under themes?

        Headings such as the following are evidence of literature that has not been interpreted in terms of
        your problem statement:

        LEARNING THEORIES
              Piaget's contribution
              Skinner's contribution
              Sternberg's contribution


        More appropriate headings would perhaps look like this:


        LEARNING THEORIES
              Anthropological approaches
              Epistemological assumptions
              Linear versus interactionist models


2.3     SELECTION AND ARRANGEMENT

2.3.1   Does the introduction of each chapter provide an appropriate orientation?

2.3.2   Is there a logical sequence to the main headings of the chapter?

2.3.3   Is there a logical sequence in the subparagraphs? Check the table of contents for possible errors of
        arrangement like the following:


        FRUIT
        Bananas
        Oranges
        Pumpkin
        Citrus fruits


2.3.4   Is the heading of each paragraph/section an accurate reflection of what is presented under the
        heading?
                                                        66


        Each heading creates a particular expectation in the reader of what is to follow.

2.3.5   Is everything that you have written really essential and to the point?

        Have you omitted everything that is not essential or strictly to the point? Remember that a
        thesis/dissertation/assignment is not a textbook.

2.3.6   Have you checked that the central argument/ contention of the chapter is coherent and logically
        developed?

2.3.7   Did you evaluate the coherence and arrangement of the chapter again critically while you were
        writing the summary at the end of the chapter?


2.4     EDITING OF SENTENCES AND PARAGRAPHS

2.4.1   Have you read and edited critically every sentence and every paragraph?

2.4.2   Is every sentence a complete sentence?

2.4.3   Is every paragraph a thought unit with a clear focus?

2.4.4   Do single sentence paragraphs connect logically to the previous or following paragraph?

        Avoid single sentence paragraphs as far as possible. Determine if they can perhaps be included in a
        previous or following paragraph.

2.4.5   Is there a progression/link/transition between paragraphs?

        Transition words like nevertheless, notwithstanding, all the same, therefore or yet should be
        used judiciously. Beware of the inaccurate use of therefore. It should imply a conclusion based on
        the preceding proposition(s).

2.4.6   Is every sentence to the point and clearly formulated?

        Avoid digressions.

2.4.7   Have all repetitions (perhaps just in different words) been eliminated?

2.4.8   Have unnecessary adverbs and inappropriate adjectives been eliminated?

        Avoid words such as very, little, lovely, rather, bad and good, which are meaningless in a
        scientific study, as well as the excessive use of adverbs such as also, already, rather.

2.4.9   Have you checked for spelling errors?

        Set your spell checker on British or South African spelling.

2.4.10 Have you checked the punctuation? Does it contribute to making your meaning clearer?

2.4.11 Have you decided how you are going to write certain words or concepts (with or without a
       hyphen/abbreviated or not/ with or without a capital letter) and applied your decisions consistently?

2.4.12 Are the quantities, units of measure, statistics, numbers and figures correctly presented?


2.5     STYLE

2.5.1   Is your style of writing logical, clear and precise, direct and succinct?
                                                         67

2.5.2   Have you stripped your work of all "verbiage"? Wordy expressions should be replaced with shorter
        forms, for example:


        a considerable number - many
        (is explained) by the fact that - because
        with the result that - hence
        at this point in time - at present, currently
        in spite of the fact that - despite
        gives rise to - causes
        it must nevertheless be borne in mind that - nevertheless
        with the exception of - excepting


2.5.3   Have you avoided purple patches, pompousness, pretentiousness and in particular "jargon"?

2.5.4   Have you replaced pretentious words or phrases with simpler ones, for example:


        visage - face
        explicate - explain
        be consonant with - agree
        portray - describe
        deliberate upon - consider
        argumentation - argument


2.5.5   Is there variation in the length of sentences?

        Sentences that are all the same length are monotonous to read. It is, of course, important to avoid
        having sentences which are too long.

2.5.6   Have you avoided using offensive items?


2.6     QUOTATIONS, CITATIONS AND THE LIST OF REFERENCES

2.6.1   Are all quotations accurately copied and/or cited from the original source?

2.6.2   Have you quoted only what is necessary?

2.6.3   Have you checked the citations to make sure that
         every citation in the text is recorded in the list of references
         only the sources referred to in the text have been listed in the list of references
         surnames of authors, publication dates and titles of sources referred to in the text correspond to
           entries in the list of references
         capital letters, commas, stops, abbreviations and underlining are in line with the prescriptions?


2.7     HEADINGS AND TABLES OF CONTENTS

2.7.1   Are the headings of chapters/sections/paragraphs accurate yet precise representations of the
        contents?

        Can the reader deduce from the headings what the chapter/section/paragraph deals with?

2.7.2   Are the headings consistent?

        One word headings should not be arbitrarily varied with half and full sentence headings. Decide on
        a style and keep to it. Note that headings do not have a stop at the end.
                                                       68

2.7.3   Do the headings stand out and is a distinction drawn between different levels by means of different
        font sizes and types (capital, small or bold letters)?

2.7.4   Are headings correctly numbered?

2.7.5   Have unrelated numbers been eliminated (for example 3.1, which is not followed by 3.2)?

2.7.6   Is there a series of numbers that are too long? Please refer to Section B, par 2.2.2 of this manual.

2.7.7   Have you used other modes of arrangement consistently? You cannot, for example, arbitrarily vary
        dots, lines, asterisks or alphabet.

2.7.8   Are the wording and numbers of the headings in the text a precise representation of the headings in
        the table of contents?

2.7.9   Does the typographical layout of the table of contents give the reader a clear picture of the structure
        of the chapter at a glance?


2.8     THE FIRST CHAPTER

2.8.1   Do you state clearly in the introduction the reason for and nature of the research?

2.8.2   Have you made sure that the chapter contains                   everything   that,    according   to   your
        supervisor/promotor, a first chapter ought to contain?

2.8.3   Are your problem formulation and methodological justification in the required format?

2.8.4   Have you described/defined the notions/concepts that you use in a specific context?


2.9     LATER CHAPTERS: INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY

2.9.1   Does the chapter begin with an introduction and close with a summary?

2.9.2   Is the introduction appropriate to the chapter? Is the statement of the sub-problem (that is to be
        answered in that chapter) clearly contained in it?

2.9.3   Is the summary at the end of the chapter a succinct but complete and balanced representation of
        what is contained in the chapter?


2.10    THE FINAL CHAPTER

2.10.1 Does the final chapter provide answers to the questions that were posed in the first chapter?

2.10.2 Are the conclusions (positive and negative) clearly supported by your research?

2.10.3 Have you indicated lacunae (if any) in your own research?

2.10.4 Have you formulated recommendations for the implementation of your research?

2.10.5 Is the desirability of further research on specific aspects of the topic indicated?


2.11    THE FINAL PRODUCT

2.11.1 Have you read the whole assignment/thesis/dissertation/chapter to check to see that there is overall
       coherence.
                                                      69

2.11.2 Have you made sure that your first chapter, after all the changes that you may have had to make, is
       still coherent? Is the formulation of the problem and the sub-problems, for example, still appropriate?

2.11.3 Have you taken account of all the amendments and shifts of emphasis that were effected later?

2.11.4 Have you checked all the chapters for possible contradictions?

2.11.5 Does the completed work comply with typographical requirements?

        Tables, figures and the headings above them should be neatly centred on the page. The number of
        line spaces between paragraphs or before and after headings should remain the same, if possible.
        Indentations on the left side of the page should be of an equal depth on the page and the first line of
        every page should be positioned at the same height.

2.11.6 Have you scrutinised the table of contents and list of references once more?

2.11.7 Are the title and abstracts in the prescribed form?

2.11.8 Has the English/Afrikaans abstract been translated and/or checked by a language editor?

2.11.9 Does the assignment/thesis/dissertation comply in its entirety with the criteria for a research report?

2.11.10 Are references to chapters/sections/paragraphs in your own text accurately indicated?

2.11.11 Are all pages in your final manuscript placed in the correct sequence?

2.11.12 Do the page numbers in the table of contents correspond to those of the text?


       3. EXAMINATION AND FINAL EDITING OF THE MANUSCRIPT ATER THE ORAL
                                  EVALUATION


3.1     EXAMINING

        Consult the US Calendar, Part 1, and earlier chapters of these GUIDELINES.

        Have all the University and Faculty requirements been met?


3.2     RESUBMISSIONS

        If this is a resubmission, have you made doubly sure that all comments and proposals of the
        supervisor/promotor/examiner have received the necessary attention?

        Always hand in your previous submissions, which                  contain   the   comments     of   your
        supervisor/promotor/examiner with any resubmissions.
                                                      70


                                   FACULTY OF EDUCATION
                                UNIVERSITY OF STELLENBOSCH

                                           FORM FOR
                                       RESEARCH PROPOSAL




      Read carefully the information in the Guidelines for masters and doctoral studies of the Faculty of
       Education before you complete the form.
      Formulate the research proposal in 500 to 1000 words (list of resources excluded).
      Type the research proposal on the prescribed form. (The borders of the form can be "stretched"
       electronically.)
      The form is available from the Faculty of Education.
      The form is also available electronically on the web page of the Faculty (Internet address of the US:
       http://www.sun.ac.za).
      Ten copies of the research proposal should be handed in to the relevant department.
      Attach a brief curriculum vitae to the back of the form.


                                               CHECKLIST

                                                                                                 YES / NO
ITEM          HAVE YOU?

1.            Taken into account the guidelines of the Faculty?

2.            Discussed the final proposal with your supervisor/promotor?

3.            Remained within the prescribed length?

4.            Attached your curriculum vitae?

5.            Handed in the number of copies of the research proposal that are required by
              the relevant department?




                 CANDIDATE                              ADVANCED STUDIES PROGRAMME
TITLE, INITITIALS, SURNAME
                                          71

                                RESEARCH PROPOSAL

MEd / MPhil                    PhD                         DEd


DEPARTMENT



SUPERVISOR / PROMOTOR
Supervisor / Co-supervisor                  Promotor / Co-promotor




1.     INFORMATION ON THE CANDIDATE

1.1     Identity number
1.2     Student number
1.3     Title (Prof/Dr/Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms)
1.4     Surname
1.5     First Names
1.6     Date of birth

1.7      Residential address (in South Africa)               Postal address




        Postal code                              Postal code

        Telephone number: Home
        Telephone number: Work
1.9     Fax number:
1.10    Cellphone number:
1.11    E-mail address:

1.12.1 Highest qualification: ………………………………………. Year: ………………………
1.12.2 Institution where acquired: …………..…………………………………………………….
1.12.3 Profession: …………………………………………………………………………………..
1.12.4 Part-time: ……………………………… Full-time: ………………………………………..
1.12.5 Employer: ……………………………………………………………………………………
1.12.6 Possibility of study leave: Yes ……. No …….. From …………………………………..
                                          72

2.    RESEARCH PROPOSAL
2.1   Title of the study/research topic




2.2   Substantiation of the envisaged research
                             73

2.3   Statement of problem
                           74

2.4   Design of research
                             75

2.5   Research methodology
                                       76

2.6   Scope of the inquiry




2.7   Target groups for the research
                                       77

2.8    Time scheduling




2.9    Provisional chapter divisions




2.10   List of resources
                              78




2.11   Place(s) of study




Signature of candidate …….……………………………………….. Date ……………………..


Signature of supervisor/promotor ………………………………….. Date………………………

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Tags: GUIDE, LINES
Stats:
views:39
posted:12/5/2009
language:English
pages:16
Description: GUIDELINES