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Aid Effectiveness OECD HLF-3, Accra, Sept 2008 Preparations for

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									    Aid Effectiveness OECD HLF-3, Accra, Sept 2008


Preparations for Accra HLF-3 2008

OECD-DAC will review the implementation of the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness at the High-
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Level Forum III in September 2008, in Accra/Ghana . Preparations for Accra HLF-3 2008 are lead by
the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WP-EFF), which set up an Advisory Group on Civil Society
and Aid Effectiveness, composed of 6 governments and 6 CSOs.

In relation to civil society consultations, the Advisory Group on Civil Society and Aid Effectiveness is
implementing consultations at national, regional and international level to engage CSO in this process.
So far, the following events have taken place: a) five regional multi-stakeholder consultation meetings,
plus a wrap-up session and a North-South NGO meeting, between October-November 2007; b)
national meetings, before and after the regional consultations.
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The process is also followed by an independent CSO International Steering Group (CSO ISG), which
interacts with the working party on aid effectiveness, supports the CSOs present in the Advisory
Group, and prepares a CSO parallel Forum in Accra. The CSO International Steering Group is chaired
by Tony Tujan Jr. (Reality of Aid/IBON) with the support of Brian Tomlinson (Reality of Aid/CCIC)

The CSO ISG, AG and other DAC members met for a multi-stakeholder dialogue in Ottawa on 3/6
February. The aim of this forum was to promote dialogue on issues related to civil society and aid
effectiveness, foster improved understanding of the issues and to help prepare a positive contribution
for the Accra High-Level Forum III. The next meeting will take place at OECD-DAC in Paris on 31
March 2008.




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  The High-Level Forum III (HLF-3) will involve ministers and senior officials from over 150 countries including
heads of multilateral institutions and civil society organisations, assembling 800 participants in total. The meeting
will be held at the Accra International Conference Centre. "The first 2 days will largely focus on discussions
among aid practitioners, including at a series of 9 roundtables. The final day will be the High Level Forum itself, at
which heads of agencies, other senior officials and Ministers will discuss a limited number of key issues, leading
to the negotiation and endorsement of the Accra Action Agenda (AAA)". In addition, during the 3 days there will
be a "market place" of knowledge and best practices.
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 Members are ActionAid International, Afrodad, Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND), Association for
Women’s Rights in Development (AWID), BOND (UK Aid Network), Canadian Council for International
Cooperation (CCIC), CIVICUS, CONCORD (European NGO Confederation for Relief and Development),
Eurodad, IBIS, IBON Foundation, Ghana CSO Aid Effectiveness Forum, SEND (Social Enterprise Development
Foundation of West Africa), Reality of Aid, Social Watch, Third World Network, Network Women in Development
Europe (WIDE).

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300 CSOs are expected in Accra. 80 representatives will be funded by the advisory group on aid
effectiveness and civil society. CSOs participation to the High-Level Forum is unclear, but it seems
that 80 (“10% of the total participants - 800”) should be able to attend the Forum

See the CSO International Steering Group policy paper, and draft advocacy strategy (attached). See
also the background on the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness, page 3.



GCAP support to CSO engagement in Accra HLF-3 2008

Why: Accra HLF-3 2008 is part of the mobilisation plans 2008, and falls under the Aid policy demand
(http://www.whiteband.org/resources/issues/aid/index_html). GCAP partners are already undertaking
targeted national or regional aid campaigns on aid. Support to the CSO coalition established for Accra
HLF-3 2008 is seen as an important opportunity for GCAP in 2008.

What: It is proposed to:

          Sign on as GCAP the CSO International Steering Group position paper, and invite GCAP
           partners to do so)
          Contribute stories and testimonies to betteraid.org
          Lobby governments (PD signatories, working party members – essentially southern
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           governments, and North-America ). All government signatories should have nominated an aid
           effectiveness national focal point.
           We will then need to coordinate with the others ISG members engaged in lobbying, and a
           basic toolkit to help GCAP constituents
          Media support: GCAP can contribute to a media strategy, offer media support in the
           Philippines (IBON/RoA HQs) and in Africa, and facilitate the involvement of IPS, Panos and
           other alternative media (regular coverage and Terra Viva publication in Accra)
          Translations support: in French, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic upon request
          Support the CSO parallel forum: GCAP AFT should inform the IFT of Ghana’s GCAP focal
           point capacity to contribute to the planned CSO forum

How:

          List all existing national and regional Aid/ODA campaigns by GCAP partners (eg. Aidwatch in
           Europe, ODA in Asia Senca, etc.). Establish an informal GCAP working group, under the
           leadership of an IFT member and of an IFT Support Team representative
          Establish a GCAP action plan towards Accra HLF 08, with agreed roles and responsibilities
          Draft a Accra HLF 08 lobbying strategy and tool kit, for coordination with the ISG and support
           to national coalitions
          Check our media capacity, at global, regional and national level
          Check Ghana’s willingness and capacity to support the CSO Forum preparations
          Check budget availability for the CSO parallel forum (travel and accommodation for CSO
           participants) and fund-raise accordingly

The IFT support team can report on the actions taken at the next IFT call (March 08)




IFT recommendations



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    GCAP Europe will contribute to this process by the publication in May 2008 of the AidWatch report.

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IFT is therefore asked to endorse and issue concrete recommendations regarding the following
actions:

         Sign on the CSO International Steering Group position paper
         Contribute stories and testimonies to betteraid.org
         Lobby governments
         Offer media support, incuding translations support
         Support and be present at the CSO parallel forum



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Background

The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness is the culmination of ten years of donor discussion on ways
to improve aid effectiveness. It was adopted in March 2005 at the High Level Ministerial Forum
organized by the DAC of OECD. The Paris Declaration is commonly described by donors as “an
unprecedented global consensus” for reforming the delivery and management of aid to improve its
effectiveness. These reforms are intended to “increase the impact of aid… in reducing poverty and
inequality, increasing growth, building capacity and accelerating achievement of the MDGs”.

Its origins lie in the declining aid levels and increasing disillusionment, among donors, with the impact
of aid in the 1990s. It is an action oriented road-map for aid reform built on five main themes, with
corresponding objectives:

     1. Ownership: “Partners” (recipient) countries exercise effective leadership over their
            development policies and coordinate development action
     2. Alignment: Donors base their overall support on partner countries’ national development
            strategies, institutions and procedures
     3. Harmonization: Donors’ actions are more harmonized and transparent
     4. Managing for results: Countries have transparent and monitorable performance assessment
            frameworks for national development strategies
     5. Mutual accountability: Donors and partners countries are accountable for development
            results.

A few months after the adoption of the Declaration, the DAC and the World Bank agreed on 12
indicators and measurable targets to be achieved by 2010. The first assessment of the Paris
Declaration implementation will be discussed at the next High level Meeting in Ghana in 2008.
Monitoring is essentially being done by the World Bank.

Key foundations of the Paris Declaration are:

         The notion of “partnership” which replaces the traditional donor/recipient relationship. Donors
          and “aid partners” make a total of 56 “partnerships commitments across all five areas
         The “Programme-based approach”: donors and partners governments have been increasingly
          critical of the “development project” as an effective aid delivery mechanism. Instead, they are
          now negotiating “Programme-based approaches”, in which a number of donors pool
          development resources in support for a defined development programme. It then takes two
          main forms: the sector-wide programme (programme coordinated by a sector Ministry) and the
          budget support (support to the central budget of the government to implement its Poverty
          Reduction Strategy).

The Paris Declaration implies that its principles and objectives are applicable to all country-level
development actors, including civil society organizations. Nevertheless, to date, the aid effectiveness

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agenda is largely focused, as seen in the targets of the Paris Declaration, on the need for institutional
reforms by donors and developing country governments. It should also be noted that, while a number
of CSOs, notably The Reality of Aid and CCIC, are listed in the Appendix of the Declaration as
“participating CSOs”, they never endorsed the Declaration. CSOs present in Paris provided critical
feed-back on several issues. Similarly developing country representatives present provided often
critical commentaries. The Declaration itself was set out by the DAC as an expression of consensus at
the meeting but was never brought to a vote or sign on process.

CSOs position

While CSOs have welcomed many aspects of the Paris Declaration, they reiterated that the
Declaration has very little to say on essential questions: aid effectiveness for what purpose, for whom
and as measured by whom? How much aid actually reaches the poor and mobilizes them to address
their own problems? CSOs also assert that the purpose of the aid should be the true measure of its
effectiveness.

The Paris Declaration actually sets out an unfinished and narrow agenda for reform. It ignores the role
of citizens and CSOs as development actors in their own right who have a long history in organizing
economic, social and political initiatives with and on behalf of the poor.

CSOs involved in the aid effectiveness debate propose change in four areas to achieve real impact on
poverty with aid resources:

       Understanding the role of civil society as development actors related to efforts by poor and
        marginalized peoples to claim their rights
       Aligning donor approaches with a more complex understanding of aid modalities to support
        the poor
       Resolving the tension between local ownership and donor conditionalities
       Assuring independent assessments of progress for improved development results

More:

       CSO's critical approach to aid effectiveness
       betteraid.org
       realityofaid.org
       ccic.ca
       aidharmonization.org
       eurodad.org
       afrodad.org
       concordeurope.org
       futureofaid.net




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