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									             Minutes of African Cities Energy Network Meeting (ACEN)
                                 22 November 2003
                              Civic Centre, Cape Town


Sarah welcomed all participants and asked them to give a brief introduction of
themselves and the organisation they represent.


Annie Sugrue                ICLEI-Africa
Bob Price                   ICLEI
Bobby Buchanan              Sol Plaatjies Municipality
Bright Kamoto               Greenhouse Project
Christelle Beyers           IIEC-Africa
Edgar Ludwig                Cape Town
Elliot Khoza                LG&H
Fikiswa Mahote              Development Action Group
Flora Mokgohloa             City of Joburg
Juan Mostert                CTMM
Kåre Albrechtsen            The Danish Organisation of Renewable Energy
Leila Mahomed               Sustainable Energy Africa
Leluma Matodane             ICLEI-Africa
Lunty Matsiuza              Nyathi ESC
Mally Mokoena               City of Joburg
Mark Swilling               Sustainability Institute University of Stellenbosch
Matthew Moonieya            Buffalo City
Monwabisi Booi              City of Cape Town
Nkosiphambili Ndlovu        USAID
Nondumiso Magau             Sol Plaatjies Municipality
NS Mutswari                 Tshwane Metro
Olga Chauke                 DME
Osman Asmal                 City of Cape Town
Pamela Sekhonyana           National Department of Housing
Peter Magui                 National Dept of Housing
Piet Fabricius              Saldanha Municipality
Ronald Maguga               City of Johannesburg
Roslynn Greeff              City of Joburg
Sarah Ward                  Sustainable Energy Africa
Stefan Camitz               WSP, Sweden
Wendy Engel                 Sustainable Energy Africa

(Please refer to the City Energy Strategies post conference CD for the full list
of participants with contact details.)

Barry Bredenkamp            TSI, Eskom
Glynn Morris                Agama Energy
Shirley Fergus              Buffalo City Municipality
Cllr Simon                  Buffalo City Municipality

On the absence of other African representatives.

Contacting and securing other African participation in this workshop was
difficult. Primarily due to communication challenges including language
differences and a lack of ICT facilities in other African countries. Initially
before UNEP came on board, there was also the fact that it is very expensive
to travel in Africa and the costs of getting other African participants to South
Africa was overwhelming.

A number of African organisations and government representatives are also
attending an African preparatory meeting for the Bonn Renewable Energy
Conference in June 2004 as well as the African - European Union Energy
Initiative Meeting today in Nairobi, Kenya.

Dissemination of Workshop Proceedings

      Sarah Ward will present outcomes of the ACEN workshop at a
       roundtable discussion at the Africities Conference in Cameroon in early
       December 2003.

      A summary of the discussion and outcomes will also be provided in
       City Energy Strategy (CES) Post - Conference CD.

Where does idea of ACEN come from?

Sarah gave some background to formation of an ACEN.

The urban SEED programme has a regional approach but didn’t do any
specific work on this. At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in
2002 there was a lot of interest and requests from organisations in Ethiopia
and Southern Africa to collaborate with SEED. Within SEED’s regional
activities it has achieved:
 An African Directory of 201 non-governmental organisations and networks
    working in the field of urban sustainable development with a focus on
    energy. There is a category for rural and urban but the focus of the
    directory is on organisations working in urban areas.
 Invitations for the CES Conference were sent out to organisations working
    in the SADEC Region. There was a positive response from Namibia and
    Mozambique. Due to funding and language barriers they did not attend.
    UNEP did provide funding for African participants one week before the
    CES Conference but there was not sufficient time for delegates to make
 A draft proposal has been drawn up by SEA to coordinate the secretariat
    of the ACEN for 2 years. This draft proposal will be informed by the
    discussion and outcomes of this workshop.

Proposed objectives of Network

Sarah gave an input on the proposed objectives for this ACEN. She stressed
that the ACEN will be not be doing the work in isolation but in collaboration
with other networks.

Who are the proposed participants?

Sarah provided a brief description of the proposed participants of such a
network.    This would be discussed in more detail in smaller group

What are the existing international city networks?

Sarah provided a list of all the networks and gave a brief description of their
membership and activities.


Networking organisations present at the meeting made inputs.

1      INFORSE (Refer to Attached Presentation) by Kare Albrechtsen
INFORSE is a network of organisations working on projects and providing
information through publications. Currently Earthlife Africa coordinates its
Africa programme – Kare can provide more information on the activities.

2      UNEP – IETC (refer to Attached Presentation) by Hare Srinivas
This presentation will be made to the Board on his return. The IETC has two
core urban projects with 4 in total. The key projects related to the CES
Conference are the Energy for Cities and Transport projects. The Energy for
Cities activities planned for 2004 are to:

       Develop an e-course on energy for cities
       Develop an EST database on energy efficiency
       Compiling Guidelines for the Development of urban energy plans for
        local government
       Develop a Web portal on energy for cities called JOULES

The focus of the activities will be an online resource (email and Internet). The
online tool (Estes) will be developed into different languages.

3      International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)
       (Refer to Attached Presentation) by Bob Price
The Africa coordinator of ICLEI, Gertrude Ngenda, has a background working
with local government. She created a database of local governments working
in SADEC and has developed a range of contacts. ICLEI started in the early
90’s to provide a voice for local government. ICLEI coordinates a variety of
campaigns and activities on energy use and transport to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions. ICLEI initiated the African Sustainable Energy Cities Network,
which has had one meeting so far. A number of South African cities are
members of ICLEI. Eight South African cities are participating in the Cities for

Climate Protection (CCP) Campaign. The programme will be expanded to 3
more cities in the SADEC region. The focus of the CCP Campaign will shift to
more large-scale projects, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

4       Urban Sustainable Energy for Environment and Development (SEED)
        Programme by Leila Mahomed (Refer to Presentation by Sarah Ward
        on CES Post Conference CD)

5      South Africa Climate Action Network (SACAN) by Wendy Engel
SACAN is a network of approximately 20 organisational and individual
members and affiliate to the global Climate Action Network (CAN). SEA is a
member of SACAN as well as a number of organisations present at the
workshop. The objectives of SACAN is to:
    Engage with the South African National Committee on Climate Change
       and other national government departments
    Build capacity of non-governmental and community-based
       organisations on climate change issues
    Develop position papers reflecting position of civil society
    Lobbying government to act on climate change issues, comply with
       obligations under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
SACAN coordinated a Regional Capacity Building Workshop on Climate
Change for organisations working in the SADEC region in September 2003.
At this workshop the Southern African Regional Climate Action Network
(SARCAN) was formed which consists of three members from Tanzania,
Lesotho and Mozambique.         A funding proposal has been drafted for
SARCAN. The SARCAN member from Lesotho will be attending the COP 9
meeting in Italy as part of a capacity building initiative. SARCAN is a very
new network and will begin its activities after funding has been secured.

The participants gave comments and asked questions of clarity on the
presentations. Other questions/issues were raised:

       Based on the experience within City of Cape Town it is difficult to gain
        entry to local governments. The partnership between the City of Cape
        Town with Sustainable Energy Africa and South South North is a good
        example of how to work with local governments ie to build partnership
        with stable NGOs.
       Don’t duplicate work of other networks
       It is important to have a vision but be practical.
       Projects and activities must be linked to the vision of ACEN.
       The Internet resource – ESTIS is a good link.
       The hosting organisation must be credible and sustainable.
       The host organisations and participating organisations need to be
        recognised by local government. It is important for local government to
        be associated with credible organisations.
       There are different ways to look at membership. It can be fee-based,
        rotating host organisation or regional coordinators based in countries
        that are members.

       We need to clarify who the membership is aimed at – local
        governments or non-governmental organisations.
       The synergy between energy and climate change must be recognised.
       We need to look at what the ACEN is going to do, what role this ACEN
        can play and what is the added value of this ACEN.
       We need to do an audit of projects and networks outside of South
       Senior decision-makers from local government are not present at this
        meeting. We need to have senior decision-makers and mayors
        present to have buy-in if the membership is from local government.
       Local government who want to work outside of South Africa have to
        work via NEPAD. Local government is aware that NGO’s don’t support
        NEPAD. Local government must go via NEPAD to work outside of
        South Africa, as they are part of government.

   Is the ACEN a concept worth pursuing?
   How do we pursue this ACEN?
   Redefining the aims of the ACEN

Discussions from the groups raised the following points:

   There are three levels of information that the network will be collecting: the
    local or city level, the network level and the global level. The ACEN
    should enable individual cities to disseminate information at all three
    levels. This network must consist of other African organisations.
   The CES declaration included targets for local authorities. Smaller local
    authorities e.g. Saldanha Bay Municipality would need assistance to reach
    those targets. The ACEN can provide access to organisations and
    institutions that provide funding to assist local authorities to reach those
   The proposed objectives of the ACEN are very similar to other networks.
    ACEN has to have a niche and specifically target African countries. An
    example of niche would be that ACEN co-ordinates and facilitates access
    to financial resources for cities to reach targets of CES declaration.
   UNEP can play the role of assisting the ACEN to access funding from the
    Global Environmental Facility. GEF requires commitment from cities,
    particularly a group of cities, which have achieved results e.g. group of
    cities that have completed the State of Energy Report and have a City
    Energy Strategy (in draft).
   The issue of finance needs to be looked at and linked to smaller local
    authorities. Bigger cities have resources and capacities to obtain funding.
    We have to decide whether the focus will be on larger or smaller local
   In most African countries decisions relating to energy are taken at a
    national level. We need to identify non-governmental organisations
    working with national governments and work with them to leverage

   The impact of the ACEN will depend on whether it is housed in South
    Africa and then spread out to other countries and if the ACEN works or
    links with existing networks.
   The programme of the ACEN must be linked to projects and programmes.
   The ACEN should be a network of organisations that support cities. It
    should not be a city-to-city membership-based network.
   There is a need for capacity building and information sharing between
   There are not enough climate change projects on the ground.
   The content of the information should include energy in the context of
    African cities and not terms of the energy issues in South Africa. In many
    African countries NGO’s are providing the services and not the local
    authorities. NEPAD is driving a wedge between government and civil
    society and the ACEN must be aware of this.
   It is difficult to get local government and NGO’s to work in the same
    network. It is suggested that there are separate networks catering to the
    needs of each target audience.
   We need to highlight the negatives about projects so that we can learn
    from them.
   There is very little happening at a local level in terms of energy and
   ICLEI Africa must be seen as ICLEI Africa and not as African members of

Monwabisi summarised the discussion points:
 There is consensus that there is a need for the ACEN.
 The objective of the ACEN needs to be distinctive as there are many
  networks existing.

PRACTICALITIES facilitated by Leila

Leila facilitated a session looking at the following points:
 Who will participate in the ACEN?
 How do you grow such a network?
 What will it do?
 How will it run?

The discussion points on which stakeholders should participate were:
 We should start with the bigger African cities first.
 National government policy informs what is happening at a local level.
 The message that you want to communicate will be informed by the focus
 It is easier if the focus is on a issue and not on a target group e.g. focus
   will be for cities to complete energy plans and then different stakeholders
   will be identified from that.
 The ACEN should consist of cities that want to support the CES
 The National Department of Science and Technology in South Africa
   outlined their programme for 2004 which included:
    A drive to build capacity of local scientists by doing internships

       Bilateral agreement with India for the development of local technology
       A unit that deals with energy for development / poverty alleviation
       A unit that looks at technology (Minerals and Energy) for competitive

The rest of the discussion dealt with the other practicalities. Suggestions
were made and agreed upon on how this ACEN would run and what the way
forward is. The summarised points and discussion were:

   Initially the secretariat function would be with SEA and the City of Cape
   Cape Town & SEA together with 10 African cities who want to want to
    work on a long-term vision for energy will develop a CES.
   City of Cape Town has a partnership with SEA. Other cities need a
    recommendation for potential partner organisations to complete a CES.
   Information sharing must be part of the secretariat function.
   There is not enough publicity on energy & environment projects on the
    ground. One of the tasks of the ACEN would be to publicise these case
   There must be a link with international local government initiatives.

SEA will complete the draft proposal for ACEN with support from ICLEI and
UNEP. Sarah will present the outcomes of this workshop to the roundtable
discussion in Cameroon in December 2003. The way forward is summarised
by diagram in the ACEN overview presentation on the post-conference CD.


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