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									U.S. farmers rewrite record books again in 2004
Delta Farm Press

Jan 14, 2005

By Elton Robinson
WASHINGTON – U.S. farmers are making a habit of raising record-breaking crops – setting all-time highs
for yield and production in cotton, corn, soybeans and rice in 2004, according to USDA’s January 12 crop
production estimate.
A year ago, in 2003, U.S. farmers set average yield records for cotton, rice and corn and produced the
biggest corn crop ever. But the 2004 harvest set all-time records for cotton, soybeans and many of the
grain crops.
USDA estimates 2004 cotton production at a record 23 million bales, up less than 1 percent from last
month and 26 percent more than last year's production. Yield is expected to average a record 846 pounds
per acre, up 116 pounds per acre from a year ago. Harvested area, at 13.1 million acres, is down 1
percent from December but 9 percent above 2003.
In its world agricultural supply and demand estimates, USDA raised projected U.S. cotton exports by
200,000 bales to 12.7 million bales in response to higher world imports, especially by China. U.S. ending
stocks are unchanged at 7.7 million bales.
World cotton production for 2004-05 was raised for the eighth consecutive month to 115.6 million bales,
an increase of 17 percent over the 2001-02 record. Production forecasts were raised in Pakistan, India,
United States, Australia, Sudan, and Syria and lowered for China.
Large cotton supplies and favorable economic conditions are boosting world consumption, which is
estimated higher in China, India, Brazil, and Pakistan. China's imports were raised 1 million bales due to
lower production and higher consumption. Imports were reduced for Pakistan, Brazil, and India, while
world trade was forecast to rise 2 percent. World ending stocks of 47.1 million bales are 1 percent above
last month.
Soybeans Soybean production in 2004 totaled 3.14 billion bushels, the largest U.S. soybean crop in
history. This is down slightly from the November forecast but is 28 percent above 2003. The average yield
per acre is estimated at a record 42.5 bushels, 8.6 bushels above the 2003 final yield.
Soybean crush was raised 15 million bushels based on higher projected soybean meal and oil exports.
Soybean stocks are projected at 435 million bushels, down 25 million bushels from December.
Grain Corn for grain production is estimated at 11.8 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the
November forecast and up 17 percent from the 10.1 billion bushels produced in 2003.
Average corn yield is estimated at 160.4 bushels per acre, 0.2 bushel above the November forecast and
up 18.2 bushels from 2003. Both production and yield estimates would be the largest on record. The
previous record for both was set last year when production was estimated at 10.1 billion bushels and yield
was 142.2 bushels per acre.
Projected 2004-05 ending stocks of corn are up 116 million bushels from last month due to larger
production and smaller use.
Sorghum for grain production in 2004 is estimated at 455 million bushels, down 4 percent from the
November forecast but 11 percent above 2003. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 6.52 million
acres, down 16 percent from 2003. Average grain yield, at 69.8 bushels per acre, is 17.1 bushels above
the 2003 average yield. Sorghum ending stocks are down 7 million bushels from last month.
Rice Rice production in 2004 totaled a record 231 million hundredweight, up 15 percent from 2003 and
up 1 percent from the November forecast. Area for harvest, at 3.33 million acres, is up 11 percent from
2003. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,942 pounds per acre, 272 pounds above the
2003 yield. Rice yield is the highest on record and is the fifth consecutive year a new record high yield
has been established. The adoption of higher yielding rice varieties by producers continues to drive the
increase in yields.
Projected imports for 2004-05 were lowered 1 million hundredweight to 13.5 million hundredweight based
on a slower-than-expected pace of medium/short-grain imports to date. Total domestic and residual use
is projected at 123 million hundredweight, up 3.9 million hundredweight from last month and 7.1 percent
larger than last year.
The upward revision is based on lower-than- expected Dec. 1 stocks. Projected exports remain at 105
million hundredweight, up 1 percent from a year earlier. Ending stocks for 2004-05 are projected at 40.1
million hundredweight, down 4 percent from last month but up 69 percent from 2003-04. Ending stocks
are the largest since 1986-87.
Global 2004-05 imports were raised 1 percent due to higher import projections for Saudi Arabia, Iraq,
Nigeria, and Panama. At 71.8 million tons, 2004-05 global ending stocks are 16 percent below a year
earlier and the lowest since 1983-84. This is the fifth consecutive year of declining global ending stocks.
Wheat Projected U.S. 2004-05 ending stocks of wheat are 583 million bushels, 30 million bushels more
than last month. Projected 2004-05 global wheat production, use, and stocks are up slightly from last
month. Global wheat production was raised 2.6 million tons to a record 621 million tons, up 12 percent
from last year. Global ending stocks are 2.5 million tons larger than last month’s projections.

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