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INTRODUCTION Powered By Docstoc
					      Development of a National Strategy on Cleaner Production
              and Sustainable Consumption (NSCPSC)

                                       BACKGROUND                                        Conservation of raw materials and
                                                                                          energy,      eliminating   toxic   raw
The purpose of this Background         Sustainable development focuses on
                                                                                          materials, and reducing the quantity
                                       improving the quality of life for all of the
Information Document (BID) is to                                                          and toxicity of all emissions and
                                       earth's citizens without increasing the
inform stakeholders about the                                                             wastes before they leave a process.
                                       use of natural resources beyond the
                                       capacity of the environment to supply             The reduction of impacts along the
Department of Environmental Affairs
                                       them indefinitely. It requires an                  entire life cycle of the product, from
& Tourism’s (DEAT) intention to                                                           raw materials extraction to ultimate
                                       understanding      that    inaction     has
develop a National Strategy on         consequences and that society must                 disposal of the products.
Cleaner Production and Sustainable     take action, develop or change policies           The reduction of environmental
                                       and practices at all levels. There is also         impact of the services provided over
Consumption.                                                                              the entire life cycle, from system
                                       a need to find innovative ways to change
                                       institutional structures and influence             design and use to the entire
Stakeholders       are   invited  to   individual behaviour.                              consumption of resources required
                                                                                          to provide the services.
participate in the process by          Chapter 4 of Agenda 21 concentrates on
                                                                                         The application of know-how,
contributing information at regional   unsustainable patterns of production and
                                                                                          improving technology and changing
and national workshops planned to      consumption;    as     well    as    the
                                       development of national policies and
take place before the end of 2004,     strategies to encourage changes in             SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION
or by corresponding with the public    unsustainable consumption patterns.
                                       The Constitution of the Republic of            Sustainable consumption is the use of
participation office or the DEAT at                                                   goods and services that satisfy basic
                                       South Africa (1996), the National
addresses provided below.              Environmental Management Act (1998)            needs and improve quality of life while
                                       and     the Johannesburg Plan of               minimizing the usage of irreplaceable
                                       Implementation (2002), strongly reaffirm       natural resources and the by-products of
  Public participation office          South Africa’s commitment to the full          toxic materials, waste, and pollution.
   and return address for              implementation of Agenda 21 and the            Sustainable consumption can have
                                       Programme       for      the     Further
         comments:                     Implementation of Agenda 21.
                                                                                      greatest effect on individual consumption
                                                                                      by encouraging people to think about the
                                                                                      environmental      impacts      of  their
Josephine Malala/Wilheminah Mosupye     WHAT IS CLEANER PRODUCTION?                   consumption choices and by providing
Zitholele Consulting (Pty) Ltd         By its definition, cleaner production          them with specific information that will
P O Box 6002                           is a business strategy for enhancing           enable them to make thoughtful choices
                                       productivity     and      environmental        as consumers.
Halfway House, 1685
                                       performance for overall socio-economic
Tel: (011) 254 4901                    development.      Cleaner    production        OBJECTIVES OF THE STRATEGY
Fax: (011) 315 3284                    processes are those that use less              South Africa, through the Department of
Email:         resources and produce less waste,              Environmental Affairs and Tourism has
                                       whether in the form of liquid wastes           embarked on a national drive to promote
                                       discharged to waterways, solid wastes          cleaner    production    strategy.  The
  Technical enquiries about            going to landfill or gaseous wastes            development of a Cleaner Production
                                       discharged to the air. Many companies          Strategy (CPS) will address:
        the NSCPSC:                    have achieved environmental and                   Improvement in SA enforcement
Ike Ndlovu/Sylvester Mokoena           economic benefits by implementing                  regime for relevant legislation
DEAT: Cleaner Production Unit          cleaner production programs.
                                                                                         Harmonisation of policies and
Private Bag x447                       The    United     Nations  Environment             strategies towards common CP and
Pretoria, 0001                         Programme (UNEP) defines cleaner                   SC goals
                                       production as follows:                            Setting of incentives that promote
Tel: 012 310 3718/3979
                                          A continuous application of an                 CP and SC
Fax: (012) 320 1639                        integrated preventive environmental
                                                                                         Improvement      of    access    to
Email:                strategy to processes, products and
                                                                                          information, technical support and
                                           services to increase efficiency and                                                                      awareness       for      consumers,
                                           reduce risks to humans and the
                                                                                          government and industry.

Cleaner Production has been shown                   economic losses like health, utility or          ACHIEVING COST-EFFECTIVENESS
internationally to be essential if South            productivity losses due to poor quality of
                                                                                                     Through the application of viable cleaner
Africa is to remain competitive in external         water, poor water management, air
                                                                                                     production measures, substantial savings
markets as well as internal markets in the          pollution, accumulated waste soil erosion
                                                                                                     can be achieved by reducing costs of
face     of    increasing  pressures     of         and endangered species.
                                                                                                     treatment of waste streams as well as by
globalisation. Implementation of cleaner
production will result in products and              INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY                          reducing energy and raw material
                                                                                                     consumption.       Simultaneously,      the
product processes being more cost                   Cleaner       production     fundamentally       optimisation of production processes
effective and less harmful to the                   encapsulates      the     philosophy    of       brought about by cleaner production can
environment. There are a number of                  increasing productivity in industrial            lead to an increase in business productivity
benefits that can be achieved if South              operations       by      improving    the        through for example time-saving, which
Africa adopts cleaner production principles         manufacturing processes to become                can then be re-invested into the business
and methods. Some of these benefits are             more efficient in material and energy            activities to increase shareholder value
listed below.                                       utilization. It also strongly promotes           whilst achieving higher levels of cost
                                                    reduced waste generation and pollution
ECONOMIC BENEFITS                                   control as a means towards increased
                                                                                                     effectiveness within a particular market
Environmental       degradation    produces         productivity.
serious impacts on human health and                                                                  REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL
results in a substantial drain on the               UPGRADING OF TECHNOLOGY                          DEGRADATION
national economy of any country. There              Technology improvements required to
are direct economic savings related to the                                                           Cleaner production is a positive and
                                                    achieve cleaner production are directly in       proactive approach for the improvement of
implementation of cleaner production                line with the current initiatives towards
within an industrial context in South Africa.                                                        the environment. CP promotes the
                                                    modernisation      of     South      African     prevention of the generation of pollution
Benefits that can be achieved if South              industries. Searching for means to               and brings about more efficient use of
Africa adopts cleaner production principles         implement cleaner production in the              resources. The European Environment
have been obtained from the industry CP             South African industrial sector will             Agency strongly contends that the CP is
projects (textiles project).                        inherently encourage companies to                aimed at meeting human needs without
Another component of economic benefits              search for improved technologies. This           endangering the health of people or the
includes the savings from the cost of               will not only be beneficial to the industrial    integrity of the eco-systems on which they
                                                    sector, but also to research organisations       depend. The approach also places
environmental degradation by industries in
                                                    and the broader scientific community.            emphasis on the need for individual
South Africa if cleaner production                                                                   actions and the desirability of encouraging
measures are not adopted. In essence, a             The expertise of such organisations will
                                                    be required to develop new (cleaner)             all    companies      to    participate   in
monetary estimate is placed on impacts on                                                            environmental schemes. CP is, therefore,
the economy that would be ascribed to               technologies, which will create a dynamic
                                                    work environment and market for                  seen as an important small economic step
environmental degradation. This value                                                                to achieving the global targets of
does not correspond to any intrinsic of             focussed and targeted research in
                                                    industrial technology.                           avoidance of environmental damage and
value but rather estimates costs related to                                                          the depletion of resources.

The process to develop the CPS consists of         PUBLIC PARTICIPATION                             regional workshops is to discuss the option
a technical and public participation process.                                                       and make inputs into the draft strategy. The
The CP strategy development process                PROCESS                                          first national workshop will discuss the
commenced with the identification of               In addition to the involvement of the            national goals and objectives of the strategy
stakeholders and the formation of a steering       Reference Group and Steering Committee,          and the second national workshop is aimed
committee. A research on the status of CP          the project will have an information             at getting stakeholder input into the 4th draft
in South Africa (baseline study) was then          dissemination plan to ensure that all            of the strategy document.
done, followed by a problem analysis. The          identified key role players are informed of
                                                   important milestones reached in the process      An advantage of the proposed workshops is
process is now in the strategy drafting                                                             that they expose the views of different
phase, where the vision and national CP            of developing the Strategy and Action Plan.
                                                                                                    stakeholder groupings to others. This often
goals will be set, followed by objectives to       The proposed stakeholder          involvement    broadens people's perspectives, contributes
achieve these goals – from which a set of          process is as follows:                           to reason prevailing and adds value to the
actions and activities (action plan) will be                                                        project. These workshops are also excellent
developed. The process will be a                   Stakeholder identification                       in addressing the process objectives of a
collaborative work with regular consultation       The identification of stakeholders to            project, i.e. those objectives of establishing
and workshops with stakeholders. Project           participate in the process will be done in       trust, creating a shared vision and promoting
activities will culminate with an official         collaboration with the DEAT, other               a partnership between the DEAT and other
launching of the strategy.                         government departments and relevant              sectors of society.
                                                   sectors of society. Stakeholders’ details will
TECHNICAL PROCESS                                  be captured on an electronic database.           Dates of the proposed national and regional
                                                                                                    workshops are provided in the table below.
The technical process        will   follow   the   Announcement of opportunity to
following phases:                                  comment                                                       Workshop              Date
   Inception – Getting organised                  The purpose of this background information             st
                                                   document (BID) is to announce the                  1 National                     24/11/04
   Baseline study - Research on CP                opportunity to contribute to the process.              st
                                                                                                      1 Regional workshop            26/11/04
    status in SA
                                                   Key stakeholder meetings                               nd
   Strategy and Action Plan Development                                                              2        Regional workshop     29/11/04
                                                   Three regional workshops and two national              rd
   Launching of the strategy.                     workshops will be held at suitable venues in       3 Regional workshop            30/11/04
                                                   the country. The purpose of the three              2        National              17/02/05


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