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					Writing                       Targets for: Sentence Structure: Punctuation                                          STRAND 11

Compose and write simple sentences independently to communicate meaning.
Use capital letters and full stops when punctuating sentences.


                                                                                                                      Progression through
Write simple and compound sentences and begin to use subordination in relation to time and reason.                          Y1 – Y6
Compose sentences using tense consistently
Use question marks, and use commas to separate items in a list.



Show relationships of time, reason and cause through subordination and connectives.
Clarify meaning through commas.



Compose sentences using adjectives, verbs and nouns for precision, clarity and impact.
Clarify meaning through the use of ! and “ “



Clarify meaning and point of view using varied sentence structure (phrases, clauses and adverbials)
Use commas to mark clauses…..



Adapt sentence construction to different text types, purposes and readers
Punctuate a variety of sentences accurately.



Express subtle distinctions of meaning, including hypothesis, speculation and supposition, by constructing sentences in varied ways.
Use punctuation to clarify meaning in complex sentences. Where does the comma need to go to mark boundaries between [words, phrases or clauses]?




Adapted from Lancsngfl site with thanks.
        Progression                       Target                                  Teaching Points                                            Examples


Compose and write
simple sentences
independently to                                               Teach children to say sentences out loud which make
                                                                                                                          Jack went up the beanstalk.
communicate meaning.           I can orally rehearse simple    sense. Emphasise sense before punctuation.
(End of Year Objectives)       sentences and begin to write
                               them down.                      Teach children to segment words and write in order to
                                                               communicate meaning.
Use capital letters and full
stops when punctuating         I can recognise a sentence      (Sentences may show awareness of full stops and
sentences                      in my reading, and say          capital letters and phonically plausible attempts at
(Punctuation objectives)       where it starts and ends.       words will be seen)

   1. Develop the sense                                                                                                   Once upon a time there was a boy called Jack. He
        of sentence                                                                                                       lived in a cottage in the woods. He was rather a
   2. Be able to say and       I can use capital letters and
                                                                                                                          stupid boy.
        write a simple         full stops when writing a       Teach children to recognise units of meaning that can
                               sentence.                       stand alone and make sense, i.e. a sentence. Show
        sentence
                                                               how these units of meaning are demarcated by capital
        independently; use                                     letters and full stops.
        CLFS                                                   .
   3. Consolidate above                                        (Sentences may not be punctuated accurately to
(Pupil Writing Targets)                                        achieve this target and phonically plausible attempts at
                                                               words will be seen)

                                                               Teach children that a sentence is a unit of meaning.
                                                               Encourage them to “think a sentence, say a sentence,
                                                               write a sentence” establishing sense before writing so
                                                               that punctuation is automatic.
             Progression                               Target                              Teaching Points                                Examples


Write simple and compound             I can write a sentence independently      Teach children to write a simple           Jack lived with his mother and their cow.
sentences and begin to use            which makes sense and begin to use        sentence which makes sense and
subordination in relation to time     and/but.                                  extend to using simple connectives.        Jack’s mother asked him to go to market
and reason.                                                                                                                but he didn’t know the way.

                                      I can use compound sentences and          Teach children to join two simple          The sun shone. The birds sang. Jack
Compose sentences using tense
                                      extend sentences using while, so and      sentences to make a compound               and Daisy ambled along.
consistently ( past and present)      because.                                  sentence and extend ideas by using
                                                                                time or reason connectives.                The sun shone and the birds sang while
Use question marks, and use                                                                                                Jack and Daisy ambled along.
commas to separate items in a list.
                                      I can use question marks ? and
                                      exclamation marks !! in my writing.
                        st
1. Consistency of use 1 and 3rd
person and tense when writing a
simple sentence.                      I can use commas to separate items in a   Teach children to separate items,          Jack and his mother went to market to buy
                                      list.                                     adjectives or actions in a sentence with   bread, butter, bacon and eggs.
2. Use connectives to join compound                                             a comma for all but the last item.
sentences.

3. Use a ?, ! and a comma in a list
with some accuracy.
             Progression                             Target                            Teaching Points                             Examples


                                      I can use causal connectives such as   Use a variety of causal connectives;     Jack and his mother went to the local
Show relationships of time, reason    ‘because’ and ‘so’ to explain to my    so that, in order to , as etc            market so that they could sell their
and cause through subordination       reader WHY .                                                                    old tired cow.
and connectives.                                                             Discussion focuses on verb choices
                                      I can use unusual adjectives.          and the way that an author selects       Jack noticed a mysteriously looking
Compose sentences using                                                      the best words when they are             man. He was hobbling slowly across
adjectives, verbs and nouns for       I can choose powerful verbs for        describing things.                       the rough cobbles.
precision, clarity and impact         effect.
                                                                              Alternatives for each verb are
Clarify meaning through the use of    I can use exact nouns.                                                          Jack had decided he would sell his
                                                                             considered and the effect tried out by
exclamation marks and speech                                                                                          Jersey cow for 12 coloured beans.
                                                                             reading aloud.
marks.                                I am able to use exclamation marks
                                      to help my reader understand what
1. Use interesting vocabulary,        I’m writing.                           Children contribute their own
varying use of verbs for effect,                                             suggestions and the teacher ensures
keeping tense consistent.                                                    that new or adventurous vocabulary
                                                                             is also introduced, particularly as
2. Use a range of adjectives,                                                more descriptive and emotive
adverbs, verbs and noun/noun                                                 alternatives for common verbs such
phrases in writing and consider the                                          as said, walked, went.
impact on the reader.
             Progression                                    Target                                   Teaching Points                                  Examples



Clarify meaning and point of view         I can begin to use different sentence        Teach children interesting ways to start a      As quick as a flash, Jack shot up the
by using varied sentence structure        starters such as a simile.                   sentence                                        beanstalk.
( phrases, clauses and adverbials)
                                                                                                                                       After a while, Jack met a strange looking
                                                                                       Teach the children to extend sentences          man.
Use commas to mark clauses,and            I can use a comma when I add detail to a     by adding relevant detail at the end,
the use of apostrophe for                 sentence with a clause at the end.           placing a comma first.                          Jack ambled down the road, whistling as
possession.                                                                                                                            he went.

1. Use adjectives and adverbs to
create variety and add interest for the   I can vary my sentences by dropping in a     Teach children to drop a clause into a          Jack went for a walk.
reader.                                   clause.                                      given sentence to add relevant detail.
                                                                                                                                       Jack, who was feeling restless, went for
1.Compose a complex sentence                                                                                                           a walk. The cow, which had walked to
                                                                                                                                       market, was exhausted.
using a subordinate clause.
                                          I can use a comma when I add detail to a     Teach the children to extend sentences
                                          sentence with a clause at the end.           by adding relevant detail at the end,           Jack ambled down the road, whistling as
2. Begin to use commas to separate                                                     placing a comma first.                          he went
phrases and clauses in sentences.


                                          I can use a range of sentence starters to    Teach children to start complex                 Smiling suspiciously, the man put his
                                          create complex sentences.                    sentences with ‘ing’ ‘ed’ or ‘ly’ clauses.      hand into his pocket, rummaged about
                                                                                                                                       and pulled out a handful of glossy, red
                                          I can use a comma after starting a                                                           beans.
                                          sentence with an „ed‟, „ing‟ or „ly‟ word.   Teach the children that whenever they
                                                                                       use an „ed‟, „ing‟, or „ly‟ starter they must   Mooing gently, Daisy’s big brown eyes
                                                                                       follow it with a comma.                         looked at the strange man’s face.

                                                                                                                                       Dressed all in black, the man appeared
                                                                                                                                       very strange to Jack.
            Progression                                  Target                                 Teaching Points                                 Examples

Adapt sentence construction to
different text types, purposes and      I can use a range of different sentence     Teach children to join two ideas to make   Jack took the cow to market whilst his
readers.                                types in my writing, including simple and   a complex sentence using a conjunction.    mother stayed at home to feed the
                                        complex sentences                                                                      chickens.
Punctuate sentences accurately,                                                                                                although, since, whenever, because,
including the use of speech marks                                                                                              whilst, if
and apostrophes.
                                         I can combine three ideas and              Teach the children to join simple          Jack clambered down the beanstalk. He
                                        demarcate the first two with commas.        sentences together to make a „sentence     picked up his axe. He shouted,
                                                                                    of three‟ by replacing the subject with    “Timber!”.
1. Use dialogue, lay-out and                                                        commas.
   punctuation with increased                                                                                                  Jack clambered down the beanstalk,
   accuracy                                                                                                                    picked up his axe and shouted, “Timber
2. Use different sentence types,
   including simple and complex                                                     Teach children to apply a variety of       Jack gasped! Why had his mother
   sentences in writing.                I can use a variety of                      sentence types in a paragraph. Explain     thrown the beans out of the window?
3. Can use a subordinate clause to      simple and complex                          and discuss the effect of each on the      Scratching his head in disbelief, he
   add detail to complex sentences      sentences in my writing to have an effect   reader.                                    stormed off to his room.
                                        on the reader.

                                        I can use commas to demarcate               Teach children, when dropping in a
                                        clauses accurately.                         clause, to place a comma before and        The giant, howling with rage, raced
                                                                                    after the clause.                          after Jack.


                                        I can use speech marks for effect on        Teach children, how to use speech marks    Jack shouted menacingly, “You will
                                        the reader.                                 consistently and speech to tell how the    never see your harp again!”, as he wildly
                                                                                    character is feeling, move plot forward    hacked at the giant beanstalk.
                                                                                    and add in detail.


Express subtle distinctions of          I can                                       Teach children to play around with the     Wondering what to do next, Jack leant
meaning, including hypothesis,          manipulate phrases and clauses in a         order of clauses to affect shades and      against the beanstalk and considered his
speculation and supposition, by         sentence to have specific effects on the    subtleties of meaning.                     options.
constructing sentences in varied        reader.
ways.                                                                                                                          Considering his options, Jack leant
Use punctuation to clarify meaning in                                                                                          against the beanstalk and wondered what
complex sentences                                                                                                              to do next.
                                        I can use a semi-colon to separate two      Teach children to use a semi-colon
                                        closely related main clauses in a           where two closely related main clauses,    Leaning against the beanstalk, Jack
1. Use subordinate clauses in writing   sentence.                                   which could stand alone as simple          considered his options and wondered
to add relevant detail to complex                                                   sentences, could be linked with a          what to do next.
sentences and consider impact.                                                      conjunction, but can be understood
2. Manipulate subordinate clauses in                                                without.                                   Jack was pleased with the beans; he was
a sentence to achieve different                                                                                                sure they were magic.
effects.
                                                                                                                               (The missing conjunction here is “because”).

				
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