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					ACTION FM

ISSUE BRIEFING

ENERGY [draft]


Why is energy at the top of the facilities management agenda?

Efficient, cost-effective operation of premises in line with organisational needs has always been a key
driver for facilities managers. The growing focus in recent years on corporate social responsibility and
environmental good practice – as well as significant rises in energy costs – have brought procurement
of supplies and management of consumption to centre stage.

It is estimated that buildings account for about 40% of all carbon dioxide emissions in the UK and about
50% of the energy consumed.

FMs can have a substantial impact on an organisation's energy use through dealings with suppliers,
management of buildings, systems and processes, and education of end users. In addition, there is a
growing role in compliance as more and more legislation is brought into this area.


What are the main regulations shaping FM's role in energy?

The EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

The EPBD, introduced in January 2003, aims to increase the efficiency of buildings across the EU by
more than 20%. It expresses two main elements of EU policy: to cut emissions of greenhouse gases,
and to reduce the Community’s reliance on imported oil and gas.

Through this Directive the EU takes the view that best way to achieve the twin goals of environmental
protection and security of supply is to cut consumption by using energy in buildings more efficiently.

Energy Performance Certificates

Energy performance certificates will be required for buildings under the EPBD. Certificates will grade
performance on a scale from A-G similar to the system used for grading white goods.

There are two types for commercial buildings: asset certificates and operating certificates. Asset
certificates will measure the intrinsic energy performance of the building based on its design. Operating
certificates will measure how the building is managed and actually performs. Asset certificates will have
to be renewed every 10 years and shown on points of sale, lease and lease renewal. The purpose is to
encourage better buying behaviour in both building owners and tenants. Operating certificates will be
renewed on an annual basis and apply to buildings with a usable floor area greater than 1000m2. They
must be displayed in all public buildings.

In the UK, domestic dwellings will require asset certificates from June 2007. Non-domestic buildings
will not require EPCs before October 2007, and current intentions are to have the first wave of
certificates rolled out by April 2008.

Multi-tenanted buildings present a particular challenge and it is suggested that an asset certificate will
be needed for the whole structure, with separate operating certificates for each tenanted part.
Who will accredit the certificates remains the subject of debate.
Building Regulations 2006

The Building Regulations 2000 have been revised to reflect current government policies and the
requirements of the forthcoming Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings.
Revisions to Parts F (ventilation) and L (fuel and energy conservation) came into effect on 6th April
2006.

The revisions to Part L set maximum carbon dioxide emissions for whole buildings. The regulations will
apply both to the construction of new buildings and renovation of existing buildings with a total area
over 1,000m².


Why saving energy makes good business sense
The Carbon Trust points out that, far from being a fixed overhead, saving energy is actually one of the
easiest ways for an organisation to reduce costs. Facilities managers play a central role – often, the
central role – in securing benefits including:

      Saving money by ensuring that office machines and similar equipment is turned off when not in
       use, and by turning the heating down to a lower but still comfortable level.
      Offering better value to your customers by reducing overheads wherever possible thus making
       products and services more competitive.
      Enhancing organisational reputation by demonstrating a commitment to saving energy and
       acting responsibly towards the environment.
      Contributing positively to recruitment: recent research has shown that people prefer to work for
       socially responsible businesses.
      Staying ahead of government regulation: being prepared for changes on the way saves time
       and money when they are introduced.



Some sources for more information

				
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