Capabilities Analysis Preliminary Compilation Volume I Auburn University North Carolina State University of Washington

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Capabilities Analysis Preliminary Compilation Volume I Auburn University North Carolina State University of Washington Powered By Docstoc
					 Capabilities Analysis

Preliminary Compilation

             Volume I

         Auburn University
        North Carolina State
      University of Washington




                                  Harry Cullinan
                                 February 1, 2001
                                                     Volume I
                                                       Contents


Higher Value Raw Material Supply ............................................................................3
        Auburn University:
               Grants and Contracts ........................................................................................... 4
               Publications and Patents ..................................................................................... 6
        North Carolina State University:
               Grants and Contracts ......................................................................................... 12
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................... 20
        University of Washington:
               Grants and Contracts ......................................................................................... 66
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................... 66

Superior Environmental Performance .....................................................................76
        Auburn University:
               Grants and Contracts ......................................................................................... 77
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................... 78
        North Carolina State University:
               Grants and Contracts ......................................................................................... 82
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................... 89
        University of Washington:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 102
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 103

Significantly Reduced Manufacturing Costs ........................................................109
        Auburn University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 110
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 112
        North Carolina State University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 119
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 121
        University of Washington:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 132
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 132

Improved Energy Performance ..............................................................................135
        Auburn University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 136
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 136
        North Carolina State University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 136
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 136
        University of Washington:
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 137



                                                               1
New Forest Based Materials ..................................................................................139
        Auburn University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 140
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 141
        North Carolina State University:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 143
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 143
        University of Washington:
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 151
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 151

Technologically Advanced Workforce ..................................................................153
        Auburn University:
               Operator Training ............................................................................................. 154
               Student Recruitment ........................................................................................ 155
               Grants and Contracts ....................................................................................... 155
               Publications and Patents ................................................................................. 156
        North Carolina State University:
               Operator Training ............................................................................................. 157
        University of Washington:
               Student Recruitment ........................................................................................ 158
               Operator Training ............................................................................................. 158




                                                                2
Higher Value Raw Material Supply




               3
                        Higher Value Raw Material Supply

Auburn:

     Grants and Contracts

           Development of Fibercane for Pulp and Paper, Composite Panel and
           Energy Production in Alabama. Alabama Research Institute. $200,000.
           Current contract. Bransby, Duke and Gopal Co-PIs.

           Development of Optimal Establishment and Cultural Practices for
           Switchgrass as an Energy Crop. $505,000. US Dept. of Energy. Five year
           study. Bransby

           Co-firing Switchgrass with Coal in the Coal-powered Electricity Plant at
           Gadsden. $2m. Alabama Power. Southern Research Institute. Current
           contract. Bransby

           Development of Mimosa as a Materials Substitute for Hardwood in Pulp
           and Paper Manufacturing. NSF New Technologies for the Environment
           Program. $100,000. 2 years beginning Sep 2000. Duke is PI, Gopal
           Krishnagopalan and Dave Bransby are Co-PIs.

           Development of Fibercane for Pulp and Paper, Composite Panel and
           Energy Production in Alabama. Alabama Research Institute. $215,000. 18
           months beginning Sep 2000. PI is David Bransby. Krishnagopalan and
           Duke are investigators.

           Enhancing Removal of Flexographic Inks for Mill Reuse of Deinking Wash
           Water. TAPPI Foundation (Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper
           Industry). $39,893 July 1998 to July 1999. Duke is sole PI. Completed.

           Enhancing Removal of Flexographic Inks from Deinking Wash Water for
           Recycling of Newspaper. Alabama NSF EPSCoR Young Faculty Career
           Enhancement Program. $25,416 August 1997 - July 1999. Duke is sole
           PI. Completed.

           USDA Forest Service, "Deinking of ONP Containing Oil and Water Based
           Inks" February 1 1997 - January 1999, $ 15,000, G. Krishnagopalan

           NSF EPSCoR, "An Integrated Approach to Added Value Reclamation of
           Solid Waste - Newspaper Recycling," August 1995 - July 1999, Year I
           funding $ 197,803, G. Krishnagopalan with H.T. Cullinan



                                         4
USDA Forest Service, "Deinking of Flexographic Papers," September
1993 - August 1995, $30,000, G. Krishnagopalan

National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement,
Inc. "Kinetic Study of Kraft Pulping and Development of a Reaction Model
Using Liquor Analysis," July 1993 - March 1995, $ 49,142, G.
Krishnagopalan

1998 A collaborative center of excellence for applications of remote
sensing to assessments in the southeast United States. NASA, 1 yr,
$484,916, MacKenzie

Landscape pattern and process in southeastern forests. AAES, 5 yr,
$438,765, MacKenzie

1997 Enhancing nonpoint source efforts using geospatial technologies.
AAES, 3 yr, $108,00, MacKenzie.

Ecological land classification of uplands sites in the southern Loam Hills
region of S. Alabama. USDA FS, 0.5 yr, $4,000, MacKenzie

1996 Relationships between watershed characteristics and non-point
source pollution: Cumulative impacts. Conservation Fund, 3 yr,
$220,000, MacKenzie

Ecological land classification of uplands sites in the southern Loam Hills
region of S. Alabama. USDA FS, 1 yr, $5,000, MacKenzie

1995 Land use/cover classification using satellite imagery to support
nonpoint source pollution research. AU-RGIA, 1 yr, $8,000, MacKenzie

Ecological land classification of uplands sites in the southern Loam Hills
region of S. Alabama. USDA FS, 0.5 yr, $7,695, MacKenzie

Net ecosystem productivity of intensively managed loblolly pine
plantations. 2000-2003. Forest Service. $40,000, Samuelson

Monitoring morphological and physiological control of production
efficiencyin intensively managed Populus deltoides. Forest Service
$60,000, Samuelson

Influence of branch structure on leaf carbon gain in longleaf pine. US
Forest Service. 1998-2000. $10,000, Samuelson

Control of growth efficiency in young plantation loblolly pine and
sweetgum through irrigation and fertigation enhancement of leaf carbon
                              5
      gain. US Dept. of Energy, International Paper. 1997-1999. $71,936,
      Samuelson

      Influence of fertigation on whole seedling carbon gain and aboveground
      productivity in loblolly and sweetgum. International Paper. 1996-1997,
      $15,000, Samuelson

      Influence of fertilization on select families of loblolly and slash pine.
      Rayonier. 1995-1997. $11,108, Samuelson

      Influence of fertilization and irrigation on the physiology and productivity of
      field-planted loblolly pine and sweetgum. AU Research Grant-in-Aid.
      1995-1996. $10,000, Samuelson

      Influence of harvesting operations on root injury, root production and
      water relations in loblolly pine. US Forest Service. 1995-1997. $25,000,
      Samuelson

      Effects of poultry litter application on tree growth and soil environmental
      impacts. USDA/ Natural Resource Conservation Service. 1995-1999.
      $26,100, Samuelson

      Nutsedge, McNabb and South, USFS,1996-1997, $10,000

      Groundwater, *South and McNabb, NCASI,1995-1997, $16,800

      Nursery Coop, *McNabb, Forest Industry, 1995-2000, More than 1million
      $

Publications and Patents

      Duke, S.R., de Moura, L.F., Sauceda, V.M., Bransby, D.I., and
      Krishnagopalan, G.A. (2000) Potential of Arundo donax (giant reed) for
      papermaking. Accepted to the TAPPI 2000 Pulping Conference in Boston,
      November 5-9, 2000.

      Bransby, D.I., Krishnagopalan, G.A., and Duke, S.R. A method for
      propagating, harvesting and utilizing mimosa (Albizzia julibrissin Durazz.).
      Provisional patent application filed through Auburn University OVPR office
      January 2000.

      Davies, A.P.H., Rossi, L., and Duke. S.R. (2000) A method for
      visualization and measurement of ink adsorption rates at bubble surfaces.
      1999 AIChE Forest Products Symposium Series: Fundamentals of
      Pulping, Bleaching, Chemical Recovery, and Paper Recycling. In press.

                                      6
Davies, A.P.H. and Duke, S.R. (2000) Visualization of flexographic and
offset ink at bubble surfaces. TAPPI 2000 Recycling Symposium
Washington, D.C.

Duke, S.R. and Davies, A.P.H. (2000) Visualization of ink removal
processes. PaperAge, July 2000, 116(7), 22.

ACoagulation Pretreatment for Ultrafiltration of Deinking Effluents
Containing Flexographic Inks, Progress in Paper Recycling 9(1): 46 B 55,
G. Krishnagopalan with B. Chabot and S. Abubakr.

“Ultrafiltrative Deinking of Flexographic ONP: The Role of Surfactants,”
Tappi Journal 82(11): 104 B 114 G. Krishnagopalan with B. Upton and S.
Abubakr.

“Flexographic Newspaper Deinking: Treatment of Wash Filtrate Effluent
by Membrane Technology,” Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 25(10):
337 B 343 G. Krishnagopalan with B. Chabot and S. Abubakr.

“Effect of Ultrafiltration Permeate Recycling on Deinking Efficiency of
Flexo-Printed Newspapers,” Progress in Paper Recycling, August 1998,
28-38 G. Krishnagopalan with Bruno Chabot and Said Abubakr.

"Effect of Operating Variables on Ultrafiltration of Flexographic Pigments
from Wash De-inking Filtrate," Appita Journal, 50(2):113-120 G.
Krishnagopalan with B.H. Upton, H.T. Cullinan and S. Abubakr.

"Deinking of Flexographic Newsprint: Use of Ultrafiltration to Close the
Water Loop," Tappi Journal, 80(2):155-164 G. Krishnagopalan with
Upton, B.H., and S.M. Abubakr.

"Characterization of Ultrafiltration for Flexographic Newsprint Deinking,"
Fundamentals and Applications in Pulping, Papermaking, and Chemical
Preparation, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, The 1995 Forest
Products Division Symposium, AIChE Symposium Series, Volume 92,
1996, p152-159, Editor: Peter Hart, G. Krishnagopalan with Upton, B.H.
and S.M. Abubakr.

"Flexographic Newsprint Deinking: Wash Filtrate Clarification by
Membrane Filtration," Progress in Paper Recycling, February 1996:36-48
 G. Krishnagopalan with B.H. Upton and S.M. Abubakr.

"Liquor Concentration Measurement for Causticizing Control," Journal of
the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and
Paper Industries Inc., 48(3): 207- 212 G. Krishnagopalan with J.
Sethuraman, May 1995.
                              7
"Kraft Delignification Kinetics Based on Liquor Analysis," Technical
Association of Pulp and Paper Industry Journal, 78(3): 127-132 G.
Krishnagopalan with S. Vanchinathan, March 1995.

"Kinetics Model for Causticizing Reaction," Technical Association of Pulp
and Paper Industry Journal, 78(1): 115-120, G. Krishnagopalan with J.
Sethuraman and J. Krishnagopalan, January 1995.

"Flexographic Newspaper Deinking: Treatment of Wash Filtrate Effluent
by Membrane        Technology," Proceeding of the 4th Research Forum
on Recycling, Quebec, QC., Canada, October 7-9, 1997, p233-242, G.
Krishnagopalan with B.Chabot.

"Ultrafiltrative Deinking of Flexographic ONP: The Role of Surfactants,"
Tappi Recycling Symposium, Chicago, IL, April 14-16, 1997, p175-191,
G. Krishnagopalan with B.H. Upton and S.M. Abubakr.

"Flexographic Newspaper Deinking: Treatment of Wash Filtrate Effluent
by Membrane Technology," Poster Presentation at Tappi Recycling
Symposium, Chicago, IL, p25, April 14-16, 1997, G. Krishnagopalan with
B.Chabot and S.M. Abubakr.

"Effect of Operating Variables on Ultrafiltration of Flexographic Pigments
from Wash De-inking Filtrate," 50th Appita Annual General Conference
Proceedings, May 5-10, 1996, pages 25-32, G. Krishnagopalan with B.H.
Upton, H.T. Cullinan and S. Abubakr.

"Flexographic Newsprint Deinking: Wash Filtrate Clarification by
Membrane Filtration," PIRA Fourth International Wastepaper Technology
Conference, London, England, June 1995, pages 3.1-3.30 - Volume I, G.
Krishnagopalan with B.H. Upton and S.M. Abubakr.

"Deinking of Flexographic Newsprint: Use of Ultrafiltration to Close the
Water Loop, "International Environmental Conference, Atlanta,-10, Book
1, Pages 869-881, Tappi Press, October 9, 1995 G. Krishnagopalan
with B. Upton and S. Abubakr.

Benson, B.J. and M.D. MacKenzie. 1995. Effects of sensor spatial
resolution on landscape structure parameters. Landscape Ecology
10(2):113-120.

Carter, R.E., Jr., M.D. MacKenzie, and D. H. Gjerstad. 1999. Ecological
land classification in the southern loam hills of south Alabama. Forest
Ecology and Management 114:395-404.


                              8
Carter, R.E. Jr., M.D. MacKenzie, and D.H. Gjerstad. 1997. Ecological
land classification in the uplands of the Southern Loam Hills of south
Alabama. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 78(4):64
(Abstract).

Carter, R.E. Jr., M.D. MacKenzie, and D.H. Gjerstad. 1997. Ecological
land classification in the uplands of the Southern Loam Hills of south
Alabama: longleaf pine ecosystems. Oral Presentation Abstracts, First
Biennial North American Forest Ecology Workshop, p. 17 (Abstract).

Carter, R.E., M.D. MacKenzie, and D.H. Gjerstad. 1996. Ecological land
classification of upland sites in the Southern Loam Hills Region of south
Alabama. Association of Southeastern Biologists Bulletin 43(2):129
(Abstract).

Fassnacht, K.S., S.T. Gower, M.D. MacKenzie, E.V. Nordheim, and T.M.
Lillesand. 1997 Estimating the leaf area index of north central Wisconsin
forests using the Landsat Thematic Mapper. Remote Sensing of
Environment 61(2): 229-245.

Hamilton, A.K., M.D. MacKenzie, and B.G Lockaby. 1997. Cumulative
impacts of multiple lands uses on water quality in the Sepulga River
watershed of Alabama. Association of Southeastern Biologists Bulletin
44(2):140-141 (Abstract).

Hamilton, A.K., M.D. MacKenzie, and B.G Lockaby. 1997. Relation of
land uses to nonpoint source pollution in the Sepulga River basin of
Alabama. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 78(4):255
(Abstract).

MacKenzie, M.D. 1999. Private forest landowners and GIS: an exercise in
technology transfer. Proceedings of the ESRI 1999 Annual User
Conference July 26-30, 1999, San Diego, CA. Available [CD-ROM] from
ESRI, Redlands, CA.

MacKenzie, M.D. 1999. Private forest landowners and GIS: an exercise in
technology transfer. Oral proceedings abstracts, 1999 ESRI International
User Conference, p. 38 (Abstract).

MacKenzie, M.D. 1996. Land use/cover classification using satellite
imagery to support nonpoint source pollution research. Association of
Southeastern Biologists Bulletin 43(2):160 (Abstract).

MacKenzie, M.D. and P.S. White. 1998. Vegetation of Great Smoky
Mountains National Park, 1935-1938. Castanea. 323-336.

                             9
Magnuson, J.J., J.L. Riera, B.J. Benson, C.J. Bowser, T.K. Kratz, M.D.
MacKenzie, and K. Webster. 1995. A geomorphic template for analyses
of headwater lake districts. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America
76(2):165 (Abstract).

Riera, J.L., J. J. Magnuson, J.R. Vande Castle, and M D. MacKenzie.
1998. Analysis of Large scale spatial heterogeneity in vegetation indices
among North American Landscapes. Ecosystems 1:268-282

VandeCastle, J.R., J.J. Magnuson, M.D. MacKenzie, and J.L. Riera. 1995.
Regional ecosystem comparison using a standardized NDVI approach.
GIS /LIS >95, Vancouver, BC

White, P.S., M.D. MacKenzie, and J.Harrod. 1997. The vegetation of
Great Smoky Mountains National Park: sources of landscape variation as
seen in the Miller data set (1935-1937). Association of Southeastern
Biologists Bulletin 44(2):103-104 (Abstract).

Samuelson, L.J., T.A. Stolkes, T. Cooksey, and P. McLemore. 2000.
Production physiology of sweetgum and loblolly pine in response to four
years of intensive management. Tree Physiology (In Press).

Samuelson, L.J. 2000. Effects of nitrogen on leaf physiology and growth
of different loblolly and slash pine families. New Forests 19:95-107.

Samuelson, L., J. Wilhoit, T. Stokes and J. Johnson. 1999. Influence of
poultry litter fertilization on an 18-year-old loblolly pine stand.
Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 30:509-518.

Samuelson, L.J. 1998. Influence of intensive culture on leaf net
photosynthesis and growth of sweetgum and loblolly pine seedlings.
Forest Science 44:308-316.

Chappelka, A.H. and L.J. Samuelson. 1998. Ambient ozone effects on
forest trees of the eastern United States: a review. New Phytologist
139:91-108.

Rakonczay, Z., J.R. Seiler and L.J. Samuelson. 1997. A new method for
the in situ measurement of fine-root gas exchange of forest trees.
Environmental and Experimental Botany 37:107-113.

South, D.B. 2000. Tolerance of southern pine seedlings to clopyralid.
Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 24(1): 51-56.

South, D.B. and R.J. Mitchell. 1999. Determining the "optimum" slash
pine seedling size for use with four levels of vegetation manaagement on
                             10
a flatwoods site in Georgia, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research
29:1039-1046

South, D.B. and M.F. Skinner. 1998. Nursery stock and field fertiliser
application affect early performance of Pinus radiata on a
phosphorus-deficient site in Northland. New Zealand Journal of Forestry
Science 28(3): 361-372.

South, D.B. 1998. Needle-clipping longleaf pine and top-pruning loblolly
pine in bare-root nurseries. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry
22:235-240.

J.B. Zwolinski, D.B. South and E.A.P. Droomer. 1998. Pine mortality
after planting on post-agricultural lands in South Africa. Silva Fennica
32(3): 271-280.

South, D.B. 1998. How can we feign sustainability with an increasing
population? New Forests 17:193-212.

South, D.B., W.A. Carey, and S.A. Enebak. 1997. Chloropicrin as a soil
fumigant in forest nurseries. The Forestry Chronicle 73:489-494.

South, D.B. 1997. Fomesafen: a herbicide for pine seedbeds. Southern
Journal of Applied Forestry 21:143-145.

Mason, E.G., D.B. South, and Z. Weizhong. 1996. Interactions among
seedling grade, weed control, and soil cultivation for Pinus radiata in the
Central North island of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Forestry
Science 26(1/2):173-183.

South, D.B. and J.B. Zwolinski. 1996. Transplant stress index: a
proposed method of quantifying planting check. New Forests 13:314-328.

South, D.B. and J.B. Zwolinski. 1996. Chemicals used in southern forest
nurseries. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 20(3):127-135.

South, D.B. and S.W. Hallgren. 1996. Research versus operational
correlations between seedling survival and root growth potential of
shortleaf pine. New Forests 13:357-365.

Zwolinski, J.B., South, D.B., Lee Cunningham and Stuart Christie and J.B.
Zwolinski. 1996. Weed control and large bare-root stock improve early
growth of Pinus radiata in South Africa. New Zealand Journal of Forestry
Research 26(1/2):153-172.

South, D.B. 1996. Top-Pruning Bareroot Hardwoods: A Review of the
                              11
              Literature. Tree Planters= Notes 47(1):34-40.

N. C. State University:

       Grants and Contracts

              NCSU #96-14 John J. MacKay, Ross Whetten. Method of Altering Lignin
              in Trees Biosynthetic Enzymes (formerly A Process to Reduce Lignin
              Content and Change Lignin Composition of Wood Using Naturally
              Occurring Genetic Variants of Lignin Biosynthetic Enzymes(DOE Docket
              S-85-276). Patent #5,824,842.

              NCSU #94-44 David O‟Malley, Ron Sederoff, Dario Grattapaglia.
              Methods for Within Family Selection in Woody Perennials Using Genetic
              Markers. Patent #6,054,634.

              NCSU #95-44 Henry Amerson, George Kuhlman, Ben-Lui Liu, David
              O‟Malley, Ronald Sederoff. Screening and Selecting for Fusiform Rust
              Resistance in Forest Trees. Patent #5,908,978.

              NCSU#93-01/97-01 Tien-Wang Wu, Hou-min Chang, Deinking of
              Xerographic Printed Waterpaper Using Long Chain Alcohol. Patent
              #5,500,082.

              Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components and Morphology in
              Juvenile Pine $559,000, Chang and Kadla, U.S. Dept. of Energy

              Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components and Morphology in
              Juvenile Loblolly Pine $249,387, Chang, N.C. Biotechnology Center

              The Economics of Low Impact Logging: Cost and Benefits of Certified
              Timber Production in Belize $4,990, Sills, N.C. Research Fund

              Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium Membership Agreement,
              $137,500, Sederoff, Industry

              Search for Major Genes with Progeny test Data to Accelerate the
              Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly, $142,150, Sederoff, U.S.
              Dept. of Energy

              Wood Formation in Loblolly Pine, $1,724,000, Sederoff, NSF

              Forest Health Monitoring Project, $70,000, Cubbage, U.S. Forest Service

              Integrating Southern Regional Timber Supply Models for Sustainable
              Forest Management: A Problem Analysis, $30,000, Siry, U.S. Forest
                                           12
Service

Exploring the Link between Agricultural Policy and Forest Land Use: The
1996 Farm Bill and Beyond, $11,500, Cubbage, U.S. Forest Service

Development of a PC-Based Three Dimensional Watershed Forest Model
for National Forest Planning, $29,444, Franklin, U.S. Dept of Interior

The Impacts of Climate Change on Southern United States Forests,
$30,605, Cubbage, NCSU Forest Resource Center

Sweetgum Research in Jiffy Pellets (SA), $4,380, Robison, Industry

North Carolina Forest Stewardship Program, $15,000, Hamilton, NCSU
Forest Resource Center

Biomass Residues as Precursors for Mesogenic Materials, $5,000, Kadla,
CNR Research Center

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $36,000, Amerson, Industry

Forest Health Monitoring Project, $34,003, Cubbage, U.S. Forest Service

Development of Disease Resistant Fraser Fir Christmas Trees, $40,000,
Frampton, N.C. Biotechnology Center

Sustainable Nonindustrial Private Forests Timber Markets and Chip Mills,
$25,000, Cubbage, USDA

Monitor Effects of Clearcutting with Helicopter and Simulated Skidder
Logging after Eight Years in a Southeastern, $20,000, Shear, NACASI

Assessment of Resources Availability Effects on Forest Health: Insect-
Disease Interactions in Intensively Managed, $10,000, Robison, U.S.
Forest Service

Development of Baseline Information to Understand Dieback and Decline
Diseases in Sycamore Plantations in the South, $7,000, Robison, U.S.
Forest Service

Southern Global Change Program, $252,914, Cubbage. U.S. Forest
Service

Search for Major Genes with Progency Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly, $137,390, Li, DOE
                             13
Search for Major Genes with Dialled Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine (SA), $14,000, Li,
Industry

Search for Major Genes with Dialled Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine (SA), Li, Industry

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $137,500, Sederoff, Industry

Landscape Ecology in The Mid Atlantic Integrated Assessment (MAIA)
Region, $18,293, Hess, USDA

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $30,000, Amerson, Industry

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $36,000, Amerson, Industry

Forest Health Monitoring Project, $68,628, Cubbage, Industry

Prototype for a National Assessment of Forest Fragmentation, $19,387,
Hess, USDA

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Pine Fusiform Rust Forest
Pathosystem, $66,000, Amerson, Industry

Sustainability of Soil Nutrient Supply in Managed Loblolly Pine
Plantations, $3,000, Allen, U.S. Forest Service

Forest Legacy Program Assessment of Need Document, $23,800, Blank,
U.S. Forest Service

Spatial Modeling of Eco-Physiology and Hydrologic Impacts of Climate
Change on Southern Forest Ecosystems, $51,000, Cubbage, National
Institute for Global Environmental Change

Development of Photogrammetric Methods for Assessing Timber Volume
Losses from Hurricane Fran, $4,900, Cheshire, NCSU Research Fund

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $1,096,000, Sederoff,
Industry

Wood Properties of Pine with Genetically Modified Lignin, $111,000,
Sederoff, USDA

                             14
Nutrient Use and Accumulation in Loblolly Pine Plantations on Hydric
Soils, $18,000, Allen, Industry

Southern Global Change Program, $86,000, Cubbage, U.S. Forest
Service

Effect of Light Quality on Cutting Production and Rooting in Loblolly Pine
and Rooting in Sweetgum, $24,090, Goldfarb, Industry

Development and Application of Southern Timber Supply Models,
$105,000, Cubbage, U.S. Forest Service

Influence of Surface and Subsurface Tillage on Soil Physical Properties
and Soil/Plant Relationships of Plant, $54,872, Allen, DOE

A Review of Nonindustrial Private Forests: Demographics, Motivations,
Policy Responses, $9,200, Cubbage, N.C. Department Natural Resources

Structural Change and Co-integration in Southern Timber Prices, $20,000,
Abt, USDA

Influence of Carbon Dioxide and Nutrient Enrichment on Growth
Phenology of Loblolly Pine, $15,000, Allen, USDA

Swine Waste Effluent Application to Hardwood Plantation System (SA),
$10,000, Frederick, Industry

Biochemical and Genetic Analysis of Lignin Biosynthesis in Plants,
$131,400, Sederoff, Industry

An Analysis of the Forestry Situation in the Midatlantic Region, $11,760,
Abt, USDA

Hardwood Forestry Fund Project (SA), $5,736, Robison, Industry

Conversation of Threatened Pine Species, $200,000, Dvorak, Industry

Search for Major Genes with Diallel Test Date to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine (SA), $7,000, Li,
Industry

Effects of Jiffy Pellets on Rooting, Root System Development and
Subsequent Field Performance of Stem Cuttings (PSA), $5,000, Goldfarb,
Industry

Effects of Corridors on Breeding Landbirds within an Intensively-Managed
                              15
Forest Landscape, $30,000, Lancia, NACASI

SERTS (Southeastern Regional Timber Supply) Applications for Southern
and National Timber Supply Analyses, $68,000, Cubbage, USDA

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $30,000 Amerson, Industry

Search for Major Genes w/Diallel Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine Trees (SA), $7,000, Li,
Industry

Search for Major genes w/Diallel Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine Trees (SA), $14,000,
Li, Industry

Search for Major Genes with Diallel Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine (SA) $14,000, Li,
Industry

Evaluation of Five Fir Species and Four Cultural Regimes for Christmas
Tree Production on North Carolina Coastal Plain, $500, Frampton,
Industry

Fraser Fir Progency Test Series, $3,750, Frampton, Industry

Evaluation of Release Intensity and Timing on Growth of Oak Saplings on
Piedmont Sites, $10,800, Jervis, Industry

Search for Major Genes with Dialect Test Data to Accelerate the
Development of Genetically Superior Loblolly Pine (SA), $14,000, Li,
Industry

Forestry in the Urban-Rural Interface, $9,000, Bardon, Industry

North Carolina Forest Stewardship Program, $60,000, Hamilton, U.S.
Forest Service

Developing Methods and Materials for Forest BMP Education, $66,296,
Hamilton, U.S. Forest Service

Transcription Factors Regulating Lignin Biosyntheses in Xylem, $216,586,
Sederoff, DOE

Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genetypes to Environmental
Change, $14,000, McKeand
                             16
Computers for DNA Sequence Informatics, $126,631, Sederoff, NSF

Effects of Corridor Habitat on the Diversity and Community Composition
of Breeding Avifauna Within an Intensively, $43,000, Lancia, National Fish
and Wildlife Foundation

Restoration of Atlantic White Cedar and Bottomland Hardwood Wetlands,
$15,000, Shear, U.S. Dept. of Interior

Coppie Regeneration and Management of American Sycamore (Platanus
Occidentals), $3,609, Young, Industry

Coppie Regeneration and Management of American Sycamore (Platanus
Occidentals), $6,410, Young, Industry

Model-Based Diagnosis of Soil Limitations to Forest Productivity: Loblolly
Pine Simulations Using Biomass Version 13.), $82,000, Allen, Industry

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in The Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $30,000, Amerson, Industry

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $50,000, Sederoff, Industry

Socio-Economic Analysis for the Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment,
$35,000, Abt, USDA

Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment Project, $47,816, Cooper, USDA

Spatial Modeling of the Biological and Economic Consequences of
Change on Forested Ecosystems of the Southeastern US, $83,619, Abt,
University of Alabama

Nutrient Use and Accumulation in Loblolly Pine Plantations on Hydric
Soils, $10,000, Allen, Industry

Development and Evaluation of Algorithms and Methodologies of an
Automated Spatial Change Information Extraction System, $8,000,
Khorram, Industry

Benefits of Applying Enzyme Production By-products to Forested and
Grassed Sites, $54,271, Franklin, Industry Southern Global Change
Program, $340,885, Cubbage, U.S. Forest Service

Transcription Factors Regulating Lignin Biosynthesis in Xylem, $102,990,
Sederoff, DOE
                             17
Natural Regeneration of Atlantic White Cedar (Chamaecyparis Thyoides),
$11,375, Kellison, Industry

Influence of Water and Nutrient Availability on Loblolly Pine Productivity,
$24,000, Allen, USDA

Analysis of Stakeholder Priorities for Desired Future Conditions on Natural
Forest Lands in the Southern Appalachians, $9,000, Abt, USDA

Transfer and Establishment of Lemnaceae Germplasm Collection,
$42,633, Stomp, NSF

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $100,000, Sederoff, Industry

An Investigation of Irrigation, Fertilization, and Irrigation plus Fertilization
Effects on Tree Ring Wood Products, $22,000, Weir, U.S. Forest Service

Estimation of Pulpwood Timber Supply Equations for the South, $15,000,
Abt, U.S. Forest Service

Establishing a Forest History Baseline for Ecosystem Management and
Restoration, $57,930, Blank, Industry

A High Throughput DNA Sequencing Facility for NCSU, $184,752,
Sederoff, N.C. Biotechnology Center

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $100,000, Sederoff, Industry

Cooperative Agreement for Technical Support for the Forest Health
Monitoring Program, $18,520, Cooper, USDA

Cooperative Agreement for Technical Support for the Forest Health
Monitoring Program, $29,421, Cooper, USDA

Defining Major Genes for Resistance in the Loblolly Pine Fusiform Rust
Forest Pathosystem, $30,000, Amerson, Industry

Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genetypes to Environmental
Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry

Forest Biotechnology Research Consortium, $50,000, Sederoff, Industry

Benefits of Applying Enzyme Products By-products to Forested Sites,
$4,000, Franklin, Industry

                                18
Fiber Fractionation Using Screens and Cleaners, $450,000, Chang,
Industry

Contaminant Removal from Recycled Paper, $30,000, Venditti, Industry

The Removal of Dispersible Adhesives in Paper Recycling Processes,
$75,000, Venditti, Industry

Preventing Strength Loss of Unbleached Kraft Fiber, $49,066, Hubbe,
DOE Preventing Strength Loss of Unbleached Kraft Fiber, $45,000,
Hubbe, Industry

Mechatronic Design and Control of a Waste Paper Sorting System for
Efficient Recycling, $80,000, Venditti, DOE

Removal of Wax from Old Corrugated Containers with Supercritical Fluid
Extraction, $73,000, Venditti, AF&PA

Contaminant Removal from Recycle Paper, $30,000, Venditti, Industry

Contaminant Removal from Recycle Paper, $30,000 Venditti, Industry

Moisture Barrier Product Repulpability Analysis (SA), $2,730, Venditti,
Industry

The Mechanism of PSA Disintegration during Pulping or Preconsumer
and Post consumer Postage Material, $23,000, Venditti, U.S. Forest
Service

Removal of Wax from Old Corrugated Containers (OCC) with Supercritical
Fluid Extraction, $25,000, Venditti, AF&PA

Contaminant Removal from Recycled Paper, $30,000, Venditti, Industry

Contaminant Removal from Recycle Paper, $30,000, Venditti, Industry

Repulpability of Cellulose Acetate Fibers (PSA), $2,500, Venditti, Industry

Testing of Adhesive Materials (SA), $8,800, Venditti, Industry

Contaminant Removal from Recycle Paper, $30,000, Venditti, Industry

Inventory of Wood Waste Produced in North Carolina, $15,000, Roise,
N.C. Dept of Commerce

Coated Box Repulpability, $16,475, Byrd, Industry
                              19
      Contaminant Removal from Recycle Paper, $60,000, Venditti, Industry

      Non-interference of Adhesives in Repulping and Wastepaper Recycling
      Processes, $8,000, Venditti, Institute for Standards Research

      Redeposition Analysis of PSA Stamp Paper, $10,000, Venditti, U.S.
      Forest Service

      Recycled Fiber Strength Enhancement by a Combination of Enzyme
      Treatments and Refining (SA), $7,342, Heitmann, Recycled Paperboard
      Technology Assoc.

      Effects of Aqueous Borates on Adhesive Contaminants in Wastepaper
      Recycling, $6,000, Venditti, Industry

      Application of a Size Press Coating to a Commercial Base Stock (SA),
      $2,400, Heitmann, Industry

      Inventory of Wood Waste Produced in North Carolina Part II, $15,000,
      Roise, U.S. Dept of Commerce

      Contaminant Removal from Recycled Paper, $60,000, Venditti, Industry

      The Use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy as a Method to Detect
      Pore Structure Changes in Cellulose Fibers, $40,000, Venditti, TAPPI

      Contaminant Removal from Recycled Paper, $30,000, Chang, Industry

      Contaminant Removal from Recycled Paper, $60,000, Chang, Industry

      Inventory of Waste Wood Produced in North Carolina by Secondary
      Wood Product Manufacturers, $22,500, Roise

      CAMCORE, Rooted Cutting Coop, Hardwood Research Coop, Tree
      Improvement Coop and Forest Nutrition Coop. Industry contributions
      1996-2000. $7,365,948

Publications and Patents

      MacKay, J., T. Presnell, H. Jameel, H. Taneda, D. O‟Malley. 1999.
      Modified lignin and delignification with a CAD-deficient loblolly pine.
      Holzforschung 53:403-410.

      Marques, C.M., J. Vasquez-Kool, V.J. Carocha, J.G. Ferreir, D.M.
      O‟Malley, B.H. Liu and R. Sederoff. 1999. AFLP genetic maps in
                                     20
Eucalyptus globules and E. Terecticornis. Theoretical and Applied
Genetics. 99:936-946.

Marques, C.M., Vasquez-Kool, J., Carocha, V.I., et al. 1999. Genetic
dissection of vegetative propagation traits in Eucalyptus tereticornis and E
globulus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 99:936-946.

Remington, D.L., Whetten, R.W., Liu, B.-H and D.M. O‟Malley. 1999.
Construction of an AFLP genetic map with nearly complete genome
coverage in Pinus taeda. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 98:1279-
1292.

Wenck, A.R., Quinn, M., Whetten, R.W., Pullman, G. and R.R. Sederoff.
1999. High-efficiency Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Norway
spruce (Picea abies) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda). Plant Molecular
Biology 39: 407-416.

Wu, R.L., D.M. O‟Malley and S.E. McKeand. 1999. Understanding the
genetic architecture of a quantitative trait in gymnosperms by genotyping
haploid megagametophytes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 99:1031-
1038.

Wu, R.L., D.L Remington, J.J. MacKay, et al. 1999. Average effect of a
mutation in lignin biosynthesis in loblolly pine. Theoretical and Applied
Genetics. 99:705-710

Zhu, H., G. Briceno, R. Dovel, P.M. Hayes, B.H. Liu, C.T. Liu, T. Toojinda
and S. E. Ulrich. 1999. “Molecular Breeding For Grain Yield In Barley: An
Evaluation Of QTL Effects In A Spring Barley Cross”. Theoretical and
Applied Genetics.

Frampton, L.J. Jr., Amerson, H.V. and Leach, G.N. 1998. Tissue culture
method affects ex vitro growth and development of loblolly pine. New
Forests 16: 125-138.

Marques, CM, VJ Carocha, JA Araujo, JG Ferreira, DM O‟Malley, BH Liu,
and RR Sederoff. 1998. AFLP Genetic Maps in Eucalyptus globulus and
E. terecticornis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 96:727-737.

Allona, I., Quinn, M., Shoop, E., Swope, K., St. Cyr., S., Carlis, J., Riedl,
J., Retzel, E., Campbell, M.M.,

Sederoff, R., and Whetten, R. 1998. Analysis of xylem formation in pine
by cDNA sequencing. PNAS 95:9693-9698. .

Whetten, R.W., Mackay, J.J., and Sederoff, R.R. 1998. Recent Advances
                               21
in Understanding Lignin Biosynthesis. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant.
Mol. Biol. 49: 585-609.

Wenck, A.R., Quinn, M., Whetten, R., Pullman, G., and Sederoff,/R. 1998.
High efficiency Agrobacterium mediated transformation of Norway spruce
(Picea abies) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda). Plant Molecular Biology.
(VOLUME) :1-10

Allona, I., Quinn, M., Shoop, E., Swope, K., St. Cyr, S., Carlis, J., Riedl, J.,
Retzel, E., Campbell, M. M., Sederoff, R., and Whetten, R. W. (1998)
Analysis of xylem formation in pine by cDNA sequencing. Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci USA 95:9693-9698.

Cervera, MT, V Storme, BH Liu, J Gusmao, M Steenackers, B Ivens, B
Michiels, M van Montagu, and W Boerjan. AFLP genome mapping of
polar. Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepate
Biologische 62 (4A-B) 1435-1441.

Whetten, R. W., MacKay, J. J., and Sederoff, R. R. (1998) Recent
advances in understanding lignin biosynthesis. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol.
Plant Mol. Biol. 49: 585-609

Miller, T., Gramacho, K.P., Schmidt, R.A., Amerson, H.V. and Kuhlman,
E.G. 1998 Responses of wound-inoculated seedlings of Pinus elliottii var.
elliottii and Pinus taeda to mycelial cultures derived from multiple and
single basidiospores of Cronartium quercuum s. sp. fusiforme. In Proc. of
the 1st IUFRO Rusts of Forest Trees Working Party Conf. Eds. Jalkenen,
R. Crane, P.E. , Walla, J.A. and Aalto, T. Finnish Forestry Research
Institute Rovaniemi Res. Stat. p. 207-216.

Ralph, J., Ronald Hatfield, Fanchuang Lu, Jane M. Marita, Richard M
Ede, Junpeng, Sally Ralph, Stephane Quideau, Richard Helm, John
Grabber, Hoon Kim, Gerardo Jimenez-Monteon, Yinsheng Zhang, Larry

Landucci, Ron R. Sederoff, and Alain Boudet. 1998. NMR applications in
cell wall research. TAPPI proceedings. PAGES??

Whetten, R., Allona, I., and Sun, Y.-H. (1998) Genome analysis in loblolly
pine. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Biotechnology in
the Pulp and Paper Industry, Vancouver B.C., June 16-19 1998.

Kuhlman, E.G., Amerson, H.V., Jordan, A.P. and Pepper, W.D. 1997.
Inoculum density and expression of major gene resistance to fusiform rust
disease in loblolly pine. Plan Dis. 81;597-600.


                               22
Liu, B.H. 1997. Statistical Genomics: Linkage, Mapping and QTL
Analysis. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

MacKay, J. O‟Malley, D.M., Presnell, T., Booker, F.l., Campbell, M.M.,
Whetten, R.W., and Sederoff, R.R. 1997. Inheritance, gene expression,
and lignin characterization in a mutant pine deficient in cinnamyl alcohol
dehydrogenace. PNAS, 94: 8255-8260.

Ralph, J. MacKay, J. Katfield, R., Whetten, R.W., O‟Malley, D.M., and
Sederoff, R.R. 1997. Abnormal lignin in a loblolly pine mutant. Science,
277:235-239.

Liu, B.H., S.J. Knapp, and S.J. Birkes. 1997. Sampling distributions,
biases, variances and confidence intervals of genetic correlations.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 94:8-19.

Liu, B.H. 1997. Computational Tools for Study of Complex Traits. Pg 43
0 79. In: AJ Paterson (eds.) Moelcular Dissection of Complex Traits. CRC
Press. Boca Raton.

O‟Malley, D.M. and Whetten, R. (2997) Molecular markers and forest
trees. In DNA Markers: Protocols, Applications and Overview (eds.
Caetano-Anolles, G. and Gresshoff, P.M.) Wiley-Liss, New York, pp. 237-
257.

Whetten, R. (1997) Genome mapping. In Biotechnology of Ornamental
Plants (eds. Geneve, R.L, Preece, J.E., and Merkle, S.A.), CAB
International, New York, pp. 139-151.

Campbell, M.M., and R.R. Sederoff. 1996. Variation in lignin content and
composition: mechanisms of control and implications for the genetic
improvement of plants. Plant Physiology, 110: 3-13.

Grattapagalia, D., F.L.G. Bertolucci, R. Penchel, and R. Sederoff. 1996.
Genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling growth and wood
quality in traits in Eucalyptus grandis using a maternal half-sib family and
RAPD markers. Genetics 144:1205-1214.

Liu, B.H., S.J. Knapp and S.J. Birkes. Sampling distributions biases,
variances and confidence intervals of genetic correlations. Theor. Appl.
Genet. 94:8-19.

O‟Malley, D.M., D. Gratapaglia, J.X. Chaparro, P.L. Wilcox, H.V.
Amerson, B.H. Liu, R. Whetten, S.E. McKeand, E.G. Kuhlman, S.
McCord, B.S. Crane, and R.R. Sederoff. 1996. Molecular markers, forest
genetics, and tree breeding. In: J.P. Gustafson and R.P. Flavell (eds.)
                              23
Genomes of Plants and Aminals: 21st Stadler Genetics Symposium.
Plenum Press, NY pp. 87-102.

Plomion, C., C.E. Durel, and D.M. O‟Malley. 1996. Genetic dissection of
height in maritime pine seedlings raised under accelerated growth
conditions. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93:849-858.

Plomion, C., and D.M. O‟Malley. 1996. Recombination rate differences
for pollen parents and seed parents in Pinus pinaster. Heredity 77:341-
350.

Plomion, C., B.H. Liu, and D.M. O‟Malley. 1996. Genetic analysis using
trans dominant linked markers in an F2 family. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93. In
press.

Sederoff, R.R. and M.K. Sederoff. 1996. Taq polymerase and the
experimental use exemption. J. NIH Research. Vol 8:43-44.

Wilcox, P.L., H.V. Amerson, E.G. Kuhlman, B.H. Liu, D.M. O‟Malley, and
R.R. Sederoff. 1996. Detection of a major gene for resistance to fusiform
rust disease in loblolly pine by genomic mapping. Proc Nat‟l. Acad. Sci.
USA 93:3859-3864.

Neale, S.B., and Sederoff, R.R. 1996. Genome mapping in
gymnosperms: a case study in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). In “Genomic
mapping in plants: ed. A. Patterson, R.G. Landes Co. p311-321.

O‟Malley. Complex Trait Dissection in Forest Trees Using Molecular
Markers. 1996. Chapter 3, The Impact of Plant Molecular Genetics,
B.W./S/Socral, ed. Pp 49-70.

Plomion, C.N. Bahrman, C.E. Durel, D.M. O‟Malley, and A. Kremer. 1996.
 Genetic dissection of phenotypic traits in maritime pine. In Ahuja MR et
al. (eds) Somatic Cell Genetic and Molecular Genetics of Trees. Kluwer
Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 223-231.

Furman, B.J., W.S. Dvorak, R.R. Sederoff, D.M. O‟Malley. 1996.
Molecular markers as diagnostic tools to identify species, hybrids and
introgression: a study of Central American and Mexican pines. In M.J.
Dieters et al. (eds) Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry
Proc. QFRI-IUFRO Conf., Coloundra, Queensland, Australia October 27 th-
November 1st. pp. 485-491.

O‟Malley, D.M., J.M. MacKay, R. Whetten, B.H. Liu, M.M. Campbell, and
R.R. Sederoff. 1996. Genomic approaches to manipulating lignin
composition and amount in wood. Proc. TAPPI 1996 Pulping Conference.
                             24
TAPPI Press, pp. 105-109.

O‟Malley, D.M., D. Grattapaglia, J.X. Chaparro, P.L. Wilcox, H.V.
Amerson, B.H. Liu, R. Whetten, S. McKeand, E.G. Kuhlman, S. McCord,
B. Crane, and R. Sederoff. 1996. Molecular markers, forest genetics and
tree breeding. In: Genomes of Plants and Animals: The 21 st Stadler
Symposium, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 87-102.

Dvorak, W.S., J. Hamrick and G.R. Hodge. 1999. Assessing the sampling
efficiency of ex situ gene conservation in natural pine populations in Central
America. Forest Genetics 6 (1): 21-28.

Hodge, G.R. and W.S. Dvorak. 1999. Pitch Canker Resistance of Central
American and Mexican Pine Species and Pinus radiata from Chile and New
Zealand. New Forests.

Rosales, L., F.S. Wijoyo, W.S. Dvorak and J.L. Romero. 1999. Genetic
Parameters and Provenance Viriation in Schizolobium parahybum Grown
in Venezuela. Foresta Veracruzana. 1 (2): 14-23.
Dvorak., W.S. 1999. Do we really need conservation programs for the
southern pines? 25th SFTIC. New Orleans. June 1999.

Dvorak, W. S. 1999. Gene Conservation as a Tool for Improving
Productivity in the 21st Century. Wood for Africa Conference.
Pietermartizburg, South Africa. June 1999.

Hodge, G.R., C.J. Masters, R.S. Cameron, W.J. Lowe, and R.J. Weir.
The Case for Forest Service R&D in Seed Orchard Pest Management. J.
Forestry (1997) 95:29-32.

Parker, S.R., T.L.White, G.R. Hodge, and G.L. Powell. 1998. The effects of
scion maturation on growth and reproduction of grafted slash pine. New
Forests 15:243-259.

Tibbits, W.N., and G.R. Hodge. 1998. Genetic parameters and breeding
value predictions for wood fibre production traits in 1.0 generation Eucalyptus
nitens base population in Tasmania. Forest Science 44:587-598.

Dvorak, W., H. Urueña, L. A. Moreno, J. Goforth. 1998. Provenance and
family variation in Sterculia apetala in Colombia. For. Ecology and
Management 111:127-135.

Dvorak, W. S., J. A. Pérez de la Rosa, M. Mapula, and V. J. Reyes. 1998.
The ecology and conservation of Pinus jaliscana. Forest Gen. Resources.
No. 26, FAO, Rome, Italy.

                               25
Moura, V. P., W. S. Dvorak, and G. R. Hodge. 1998. Provenance and
family variation of P. oocarpa grown in the Brazilian cerrado. For. Ecology
and Management 109:315-322.

Dvorak, W. S. 1997, The improvement and breeding of P. patula. In:
Proc. 24th SFTIC Conference, June 9-12, Orlando, FL. pp:53-68.

Moura, V. P. G. and W. S. Dvorak. 1997. Variation among open-pollinated
families of P. caribaea var. hondurensis from Guanaja Island, Honduras,
grown in Brazil. In: Proc. 24th SFTIC Conference, June 9-12, Orlando,
Florida. pp. 275-284.

Lambeth, C. C., W. S. Dvorak, and C. H. Young. 1997. fusiform rust
resistance of Central American and Mexican pine species compared with
loblolly and slash pines. In: Proc. 24th SFTIC Conference, June 9-12,
Orlando, FL. 214-223.

Hodge, G.R. (invited) Relative resistance of some important Mexican pine
species to pitch canker. In: Proc. of IMPACT Monterey “Reducing the
threat of pitch canker in Pinus radiata. Nov 29-Dec 3, 1998, Monterey
CA.

Tibbits, W.N., T.L. White, G.R. Hodge and K.R. Joyce. Genetic control of
rooting ability of stem cuttings in Eucalyptus nitens. Aust. J. Botany
(1997) 45:203-210.

Saborio, F., W.S. Dvorak, J.K. Donahue, and T.A. Thorpe. 1997.
Analysis of genetic relationships of Central American and Mexican pines
using RAPD markers that ditinguish species. Molecular Ecology 6:321-
331.

Dvorak, W.S. 1997, The improvement and breeding of P. patula. In: Proc.
24th SFTIC Conference, June 9-12, Orlando, FL pp 53-68.

Moura, V.P.G, and W. S. Dvorak, and C.H. Young. 1997. Fusiform rust
resistance of Central
American and Mexican pine species compared with loblolly and slash
pines. In: Proc. 24th SFTIC Conference, June 9-12, Orlando, FL pp. 214-
223.

Dvorak, W.S., J.K. Donahue and J.A. Vasquez. 1996. Provenance and
progeny results for the tropical white pine, Pinus chiapensis, at five and
eight years. New Forests 12:125-140.

Dvorak, W.S., J.K. Donahue and J.A. Vasquez. 1995. Early performance
of CAMCORE introductions of Pinus patula in Brazil, Columbia, and South
                              26
Africa. South African Forestry journal. No. 174. November. p.23-33.

Dvorak, W.S., J.E. Kietzka, and J.K. Donahue. 1996. Tree survival and
growth of provenances of P. greggii in the tropics and subtropics. Forest
Ecology and Management 83:121-131.

Hodge, G.R., P.W. Volker, J.V. Owen, and B.M. Potts. A comparison of
genetic parameters from open pollinated and control-pollinated progeny
tests in two eucalypt species. Theoretical and Appl. Genetics (1996)
92:53-63.

Vasquez, J.A. and W.S. Dvorak 1996. Trends in variances and
heritabilities with stand development of tropical pines. Canadian Journal
of Forest Resources 26:1473-1480.

Wright, J.A., L.F. Osorio and W.S. Dvorak. 1996. Realized and predicted
gains in the Pinus patula breeding program of Smurfit Carton de
Columbia. South African Forestry Journal. No 175. March. pp. 19-23.

Hodge, G.R. Marginal gains from regionalization to utilize genotype x
environment interaction variance. In: Proc. IUFRO Conference on
Breeding Tropical Forest Trees. Oct. 27-Nov. 1, 1996, Queensland,
Australia.

Dvorak, W.S. 1996. Integrating exploration, conservation, and utilization:
threats and remedies in the 21st century. Proc. IUFRO. Caloundra, Qld.,
Australia. Oct. 27-Nov. 2. pp. 19-26.

Furman, B.J., D. Grattapaglia, W.S. Dvorak and D.M. O‟Malley. 1996.
Molecular markers as a diagnostic tool to identify species, hybrids and
introgression: a study of Central American and Mexican pines. Proc.
IUFRO. Caloundra, Qld., Australia. Oct. 27-Nov. 2. pp. 485-491.

Kietzka, J.E., N.P. Denison and W.S. Dvorak. 1996. Pinus greggii, a
promising new species for South Africa. Proc. IUFRO Caloundra, Qld.,
Australia. Oct. 27-Nov. 2. pp. 42-45.

Bardon, R.E. and D.W. Countryman. 1999. Tree shelters reduced growth and
survival of under-planted red oak seedlings in Southern Iowa. Northern
Journal of Applied Forestry 16(2) 103-107. 1999

Moorman, C.E., K.R. Russell, G.R. Sabin and D.C. Guynn, Jr. 1999.
Snag dynamics and cavity occurrence in the South Carolina Piedmont.
Forest Ecology and Management. 118:37-48.

Moorman, C.E., D.L. Howell and B.R. Chapman.; Nesting ecology of red-
                             27
shouldered and red-tailed hawks in Georgia. Journal of Raptor Research.
33:248-251. 1999.

Russell, K.R., C.E. Moorman, J.K. Edwards, B.S. Metts and D.C. Guynn,
Jr.; 1999. Amphibian and reptile communities associated with beaver
(Castor canadensis) ponds and unimpounded streams in the Piedmont of
South Carolina. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 14:149-158.

Russell, K.R., C.E. Moorman and D.C. Guynn, Jr..; 1999. Appalachian
cottontails, Sylvilagus obscurus (Lagomorpha: Leporidae), from the South
Carolina mountains with observations on habitat use. The Journal of the
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 115 (3):140-144.

Phillips, Ronald W.; Joseph H. Hughes, Marilyn A. Buford, William E.
Gardner, Fred M. White and Claire G. Williams. 1999. “Atlantic White-
Cedar in North Carolina, USA: A Brief History and Current Regeneration
Efforts Part 1, Chapter 11, pgs 156-170 in Coastally Restricted Forests.
Edited by Aimlee D. Laderman, Oxford University Press. (Note: not
reported earlier)

Moorman, C.E. and D.C. Guynn, Jr.; 1999. Effects of edge on hooded
warbler reproductive success in a South Carolina bottomland forest.
Abstracts of the TWS Annual Conference. Austin, TX. 6:153. pgs ???

Russell, K.R., C.E. Moorman, S.M. Lohr, D.H. VanLear and D.C. Guynn,
Jr.; 1999. Effects on prescribed burning on herpetofauna in the Piedmont
of South Carolina (Poster). Abstracts of the TWS Annual Conference.
Austin, TX. 6:175.

Summerville, K.O., W.E. Gardner, R.E. Bardon, R. E. and R.J. Myers.
1999. Ecotypic variation in Atlantic white-cedar in Eastern North Carolina.
In Proceedings to be printed: 10th Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research
Conference. Shreveport, LA. February 16-18, 1999. USDA For. Ser. South.
For. Exp. Stn., Asheville, NC.


McKinley, C. R. 1998. Developed glossary of terms for forest
genetics and tree improvement. For: The Dictionary of Forestry
(John Helms, Ed.), Society of American Foresters. 210 pages.

McKinley, C. R., and J. P. van Buijtenen. 1998. Principles and
techniques of selection in tree breeding. In: Tree Breeding (A. K.
Mandal and G. L. Gibson, Eds.). CBS Publishers & Distributors, New
Delhi, India. 15 pages.


                             28
Bardon, R. E. and W. S. Payne. 1998. Abstract. Desktop Reference
Library: Using RealAudio and the World Wide Web to Support Field
Faculty. Page 46 in Program:1st National Extension Natural Resources
Conference: Strengthening Extension Natural Resources Programs
Through Interdisciplinary Collaboration, Deerwood, MN. May 18-21, 1998.

McKinley, C.R., J.H. Owen, and J.R. Sidebottom. 1997. Christmas tree
productio and marketing: An example of Extension education in North
Carolina. Proc. Approaches to Extension in Forestry. IUFRO Working
Party. Freising, Germany. Pages 359-367.

Mitchell, M.S. R.A. Lancia, and E.J. Jones. 1996. An evaluation of the
use of insecticide to control destructive ant activity during small mammal
trapping. J. Mammal: 77:1107-1113.

Mitchell, M.S., K.S. Karriker, E.J. Jones and R.A. Lancia. 1995. Small
mammal communities associated with pine plantation management of
pocosins. J. Wildl. Manage. 59(4):875-881.

Hamilton, R.A. and E.J. Jones. 1996. Extension leadership in issues-
based programming: a North Carolina example. Proceedings:
Symposium on Nonindustrial Private Forests. M. Baughman, ed. Pp. 49-
53.

Megalos, M. 1996. Incentives for Longleaf Pine Production in North
Carolina. In: Proceedings of the Longleaf Alliance Meeting, September
17-19th, Mobile, AL.

McKinley, C.R., J.R. Sidebottom, and J.H. Owen. 1996. The role of
Extension education in the production of Christmas trees in North Carolina.
Proc. Education and Communication Applications in Natural Resource
Management. Sept. 27-29, 1995. Athens, GA. p. 109-114.

Roise, J.P., P. Whittow and E. Deal. 1999. Equations for Predicting
Weight Loss of Stored Pulpwood in the Upper Southeastern States.
Forest Products Journal 49(1):77-81.

Deal, E.L. and J. P. Roise. 1999. North Carolina Wood Based Residue
Inventory. Energy Division, North Carolina Department of Commerce.

Hassan, A.E. and Carlos Silva. 1999. Effect of Planting Date on First-
Year Survival of Two Pines. Presented at the Tenth Biennial Southern
Silvicultural Research Conference; Shreveport, LA. February 16-18, 1999.
Hosted by Stephen F. Austin State University Arthur Temple College of
Forestry and USDA Forest Service. Southern Research Station. 10 pp.

                              29
Siry, J., F. Cubbage and A. Malmquist. April 1999. Potential Impacts of
Increased Management Intensities on Planted Pine Growth and Yield and
Timber Supply in the South. Proceedings of 1999 Southern Forest
Economics Workshop. Biloxi, MS. Pgs.

Cubbage, F., J. Siry, S. Moffat, D. Wear and R. Abt. 1999. Southern
Forest Resource Assessment and Linkages to the National RPA.
Proceedings of the 1998 Society of American Foresters National
Convention. SAF. Bethesda, MD. pgs. 344-349.

Cubbage, F., J. Siry, S. Moffat, D. Wear and R. Abt. 1999. Forest
Productivity and Timber Supply Modeling In The South. Proceedings of
Conference on Improving Forest Productivity for Timber…A Key to
Sustainability. Edited by/available from: Alan Ek, Department of Forestry,
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108. pgs. 285-290.

Hess, G.R., R. Abt, and R. Serow. 1998. Reshaping expectations for web-
based collaborative learning. Natural Resources and Environmental
Issues 7: 104-109.

Hassan, A.E. and J.P. Roise. 1998. Soil Bulk Density, Soil Strength, and
Regeneration of a Bottomland Hardwood Site One Year After Harvest.
Transactions of the ASAE, 4(5): 1501-1508 Cubbage, Frederick W. and
Robert C. Abt. 1998. Trends in hardwood timber availability. In:
Proceedings, 26th Annual National Hardwood Lumber Association
(NHLA) Annual Meeting. NHLA. Memphis, TN. p. 45-52.

Gainey, K.W. and J.P. Roise. 1998. Wetlands Mitigation Optimization Model
Using NC Crews. To be presented at Connections 98: National Conference
on Transportation, Wetlands and the Natural Environment, Sept. 1998.

Roise, J.P. 1998. A Tactical Level Approach to Lumber Manufacturing
Decisions: use of a Computer-Aided Sawing Pattern Design Program.
Presented at INFORMS National Conference, Seattle Washington,
Oct.25-28, 1998.

Roise, J.P. and L. Hayden. 1997. The Pipeline Problem: Scheduling
Project Plans. Analysis Notes Vol. 7, No. 2 pp: 16-21.

Hassan, A.E. and J.P. Roise. Soil Properties and Regeneration of a
Bottomland Hardwood Site On-Year After Harvest. In review,
Transactions of the ASAE.

Gainey, J and J.P. Roise. 1997. Optimal Road Location with wetlands
Impracts. Proceedings of the 1997 Symposium on Systems Analysis in
Forest Resources. May 1997. Traverse City, Mich.
                             30
Hughell, D and J.P. Roise. 1997. Simulated Adaptive management for
Timber and Wildlife Under Uncertainty. Proceedings of the 1997
Symposium on Systems Analysis in Forest Resources, May 1997.
Traverse City, Mich.

Roise, J.P. 1997. The Pipeline problems. Proceedings of the 1997
Symposium on Systems Analysis in Forest Resources. May 1997.
Traverse City, Mich.

Roise J.P. 1997. Computer-Aided Design of Sawing Pattersn: Evaluating
Profit Before the First Log is Cut. Southern Forest Products Association –
EXPO ‟97 in Atlanta Georgia, June 26-28.

Cubbage, Frederick W., Gerardo Pacheo, and Robert C. Abt. 1997.
Overview of the Hardwood resrouce situation. In: Eastern Hardwoods:
Resources, Technologies, and Markets. Jan Wiedenbeck, Technical
Editor. Forest Products Society. P. 11-18.

Pacheco, Gerardo, Robert C. Abt., and Fred W. Cubbage. 1997. South-
wide timber supply projection and assessment. In: Proceedings of the
26th Annual Southern Forest Economics Workshop. Edited by: John L.
Greene. Available from USDA Forest Service, Souther Research Station,
701 Loyola Avenue, Room T-10034, New Orleans, LA 70113. P. 93-102.

Cubbage, Frederick W., Robert C. Abt, and Gerardo Pacheco. 1997.
Future sawtimber/pulpwood and softwood/hardwood supplies in the U.S.
South. In: Proceedings of the
Southern Forest Industries Conference. Available from: Miller Freeman
Publications, 600 Harrison Street, San Francisco, CA 94107. Looseleaf;
15 p.

COW – Cost of Wood Products, A software program for use in Secondary
Wood Products Manufacturing, Copyright 1996 held by J.P. Roise, E.
Jerger and Winrock International.

Roise, J.P. and E. Jerger. COW Users Manual, Copyright 1996,
Published by Winrock International.

Hassan, A.E. and J.P. Roise. 1996. “Soil Recovery and Regeneration of
a Wetland Site One-Year After Harvest.” ASAE paper No. 965002.
ASAE, St. Joseph, MI 18pp.

Cubbage, F.W., L.G. Jervis and P. Gregory Smith. 1999. Employment in
Forestry: National Perspectives and North Carolina Trends. Journal of
Forestry 97(9):22-28.
                             31
Blank, G.B. 1999. Conserving North Carolina‟s Forests: Assessment of
Need for the Forest Legacy Program. NC Division of Forest Resources.
Raleigh, NC; 83 pp.

McQuaid, M.J. Munster, G.L. Olson, S.L. Peck, K.N. Easterling, K. Sidik, and
M.B. Hellkamp, A.S., S.R. Shafer, C.L. Campbell, J.M. Bay, D.A. Fiscus,
G.R. Hess, B.F. Tooley. 1998. Assessment of the condition of agricultural
lands in five Mid-Atlantic states. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.,
51: 317-324.

Fulton, S.G., G.R. Hess, & K.W. Stolte. Evaluating landscape metrics as
indicators of forest ecosystem health. Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment
Working Conference, Baltimore, MD (abstract only).

Hess, G.R. and J.M. Bay. Generating confidence intervals for
composition-based landscape indexes. Landscape Ecology 12:309-320.

Kellison, R.C., M.J. Young. R.R. Braham, and E.J. Jones. 1997. Major
Alluvial Floodplains. In Southern Forested Wetlands pp.291-323.

Blank, G.B. 1997. Outcomes assessment and environmental curricula.
Proc. 22nd Annual Conference of the National Association of
Environmental Professionals, 19-23 May, Orlando, FL. Pp. 55-64.

Hess, G.R. 1996. Diseases in metapopulation models: Implications for
conservation. Ecology 77:1617-1632.

Hess, G.R. 1996. Linking extinction to connectivity and habitat
destruction in metapopulation models. The American Naturalist 148:226-
236.


Hess, G.R. 1996. To analyze, or to simulate, is that the question?
American Entomologist 42:14-16.

Cubbage, F.W. and L.G. Jervis. 1996. Employment in Forestry: Trends
and prospects. Proceedings, 1995 SAF Annual Convention, Portland ME.
 P. 310-315.

Blank, G.B. 1996. Practicing professionals communications patterns. pp.
17-24. In Hubbard, B. (ed). Proceddings: Education and Communication
Applications in Natural Resource Management, September 27-29, 1995.
Georgia Center for Continuing Education, Athens, GA. 149 pp.

Blank, G.B. 1996. Assessing educational outcomes in forestry and
                              32
natural resources. pp. 252-261. In: Finley, J.C. and K.C. Steiner (eds).
Proceedings: First Biennial Conference on University Education in Natural
Resources. March 3-5, 1996. The Pennsylvania State University, State
College, PA.

Blank, G.B. 1996. A graphic model for incorporating Communications in
the discipline. pp. 59-65. In: Finley, J.C. and K.C. Steiner (eds).
Proceedings: First Biennial Conference on University Education in Natural
Resources. March 3-5, 1996. The Pennsylvania State University, State
College, PA.

Allen, H.L. and T.J. Albaugh. 1999. Ecophysiological basis for plantation
production: a loblolly pine case study. Bosque 20:3-8.

Binkley, D.H., Burham and H.L. Allen. 1999. Water quality impacts of
forest fertilization with nitrogen and phosphorus. Forest Ecology
Management. 121:191-213.

Edwards, P.J., J.D. Gregory and H.L. Allen. 1999. Seasonal sulfate
deposition and export patterns for a small Appalachian Watershed. Water,
Air and Soil Pollution. 100:137-155.

Ewers, B.E., R. Oren, T.J. Albaugh and P.M. Dougherty. 1999. Carry-over
effects of water and nutrient supply on water use of Pinus taeda.
Ecological Applications 9(2) pp. 513-525.

King, J.S., T.J. Albaugh, H.L. Allen and L.W. Kress. 1999. Stand – level
allometry in Pinus taeda as affected by irrigation and fertilization. Tree
Physiology. 19:769:778.

Piatek, K.B. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Nitrogen mineralization in a pine
plantation fifteen year after harvesting and site preparation. Soil Science
Society American Journal. 63:990-998.

Sampson, D.A. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Regional influences of soil available
water and climate, and leaf area index on simulated loblolly pine
productivity. Forest Ecology Management. 124:1-12.

Svensson, J.S.E. McKeand and H.L. Allen. 1999. Genetic variation in
height and volume of loblolly pine open-pollinated families during canopy
closure. Silvae Genetica 48:204-208.

Warren, J.M., H.L. Allen and F.L. Booker. 1999. Effects of mineral
nutrition on resin flow and phloem phytochemistry in loblolly pine. Tree
Physiology. 19:655-663.

                              33
Zutter, B.R., J.H. Miller, H.L. Allen, S.M. Zedaker, M.B. Edwards and R.A.
Newbold. 1999. Fascicle nutrient and biomass responses of young loblolly
pine to control of woody and herbaceous competitors. Canadian Journal
of Forest Research. 29:917-925.

Kelting, D.L., J.A. Burger, S.C. Patterson, W.M. Aust, M. Miwa
and C.C. Trettin. 1999. Soil quality assessment in domesticated
forests – a southern pine example. Forest Ecology and
Management. 122:167-185.

Burger, J.A. and D. L. Kelting. 1999. Using soil quality and
indicators to assess forest stand management. Forest Ecology
and Management. 122:155-166.

Burger, J.A. and D. L. Kelting. 1999. Soil quality monitoring for assessing
sustainable forest management. Pgs. 17-52 in M.B. Adams, K. Ramakrishma
and E. A. Davidson (eds.) The Contribution Of Soil Science To The
Development Of And Implementation Of Criteria And Indicators Of
Sustainable Forest Management. Soil Science S Society of America, Special
Publication Number 53. Madison, WI

Moore, S.E. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Plantation Forestry. In M.L. Hunter, Jr.
(ed.) Maintaining Biodiversity in Forested Ecosystems (Chapter 120.
Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK. 698p.

Amateis, R.L., M.J. Ducey and H.L. Allen. 1999. Modeling temporal
response to mid-rotation fertilization treatments. pp.45-52 in A. Amaro and
M. Tomé, eds. Empirical and Process-Based Models for Forest Tree and
Stand Growth Simulation. Proceedings of an IUFRO Conference. Oeiras,
Portugal. Sept. 21-27, 1997. Lisbon: Edicóes Salamandra. 591pp.

Ducey, M.J. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Modeling stand nutrient use in
intensively managed plantation. Pp.327-338 in A. Amaro and M. Tomé,
eds. Empirical and Process-Based Models for Forest Tree and Stand
Growth Simulation. Proceedings of an IUFRO Conference. Oeiras,
Portugal. Sept. 21-27, 1997. Lisbon: Edicóes Salamandra. 591pp.

Moore, S.E. and H.L. Allen. 1999. Vegetative composition and height
growth of a 4-year-old Atlantic white-cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
stand under varying combinations of above and below ground
competition. In: R.K. Rose (ed.) Proceedings of the Great Dismal Swamp
Symposium. Old Dominion University. Norfolk, VA.

Rojas, J.C., J.A. Wright and H.L. Allen. 1999. Genotype X Environment
Interaction of the Urograndis Hybrid of Eucalypts in Western Venezuela.
In: Proceeding 26th Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference.
                             34
Albaugh, T.J., H.L. Allen, P.M. Dougherty, L.W. Kress, and J.S. King.
1998. Leaf-area and above-and belowground growth responses of
loblolly pine to nutrient and water additions. For. Sci. 44:317-328.

Hynynen, J., H.E. Burkhart, and H.L. Allen. 1998. Modeling tree growth in
fertilized midrotation loblolly pine plantations. For. Ecol. Manage.
107:213-229.

Markewitz, D., D.D. Richter, H.L. Allen, and J.B. Urrego. 1998. Three
decades of observed soil acidification at the Calhoun Experimental Forest:
Has acid rain made a difference? Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62:1428-1439.

Andrews, J.A., J.E. Johson, J.L. Torbert, J. A. Burger, and D. L. Kelting.
1998. Minesoil and site properties associated with early height growth of
eastern white pine. Journal of Environmental Quality. 27: 192-199.

Kelting, D.L., J.A. Burger, and G.S. Edwards. 1998. Estimating root
respiration, respiration in the rhizosphere, and root-free soil respiration in
forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30 (7): 961-968.

Sampson, D.A. and H.L. Allen. 1998. Light attenuation in a 14-year-old
loblolly pine stand as influenced by fertilization and irrigation. Trees:13:80-
87.

Dougherty, P. M., H.L. Allen, L.W. Kress, R. Murthy, C. Maier. T.J.
Albaugh, and D.A. Sampson. 1998. An investigation of the impacts of
elevated CO2, irrigation, and fertilization on the physiology and growth of
lobolly pine. Pgs 149-168. In R.A. Mickler and S.Fox (eds.) The
Productivity and Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a
Changing Environment. Ecological Studies 128. Springer-Verlag, New
York.

Sampson, D.A., P.M. Dougherty, and H.L. Allen. 1998. Development of an
index for assessing climate change and elevated carbon dioxide effects
on loblolly pine productivity. Pgs. 367-389 In R.A. Mickler and S.Fox (eds.)
The Productivity and Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a
Changing Environment. Ecological Studies 128. Springer-Verlag, New
York.

Burger, J.A. and D. L. Kelting. 1998. Soil quality monitoring for assessing
sustainable forest management. Pgs. 17-52 in M.B. Adams etal. (eds.)
The contribution of Soil Science to the development of and
implementation of critens and indicators of surtainable Forest
Management. SSSA Special Publication Number 53.

                               35
Allen, H.L. and S. Lein. 1998. Effects of site preparation, early
fertilization, and weed control on 14-year old loblolly pine. Proc. South.
Weed. Sci. Soc. 51:104-110.

Sampson, D.A., J.M. Vose, and H.L. Allen. 1998. A conceptual approach
to stand management using leaf area index as the integral of site
structure, physiological function, and resource supply. Pgs. 447-451. In:
Proc. Ninth Biennial Southern Silvicultural Research Conf. USDA Forest
Service, Southern Research Sta. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-20.

King, J.S., H.L. Allen, P.Dougherty, and B.R. Strain. 1997. Decomposition
of roots in loblolly pine: Effects of nutrient and water availability and root
class on moss loss and nutrient dynamics. Plant and Soil 195: 171-184.

McKeand, S.E., R. Crook, and H.L. Allen. 1997. Genetic stability on
predicted family responses to silvicultural treatments in loblolly pine.
South.J. Appl. For. 21(2):84-89.

Zhang, S., H.L. Allen, P.M. Doughterty. 1997. Shoot and foliage growth
phenology of loblolly pine trees as affected by nitrogen fertilization.
Can.J. For. Res. 27:1420-1426.

C.B. Davey, J.E., Miller, S.R. Shafer, M.M. Schoeneberger, W.A. Pursley,
S.J. Horton. 1997. Influence of a mycorrhizal fungus and/or rhizobium on
growth and biomass partitioning of subterranean clover exposed to ozone.
 Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 96:233-248.

Ducey, M.J., and B. C. Larson. 1997. Thinning decisions using stand
density indices: the influence of uncertainty. Western J. Appl. For. 12(3):
89-92.

Dougherty, P.M., H.L. Allen, L.W. Kress, R. Murthy, C. Maier. T.J.
Albaugh, and D.A. Sampson. 1997. An investigation of the impacts of
elevated CO2, irrigation, and fertilization on the physiology and growth of
loblolly pine. In Global Change Impacts on Tree Physiology and Growth.
Springer-Verlag, New York.

Sampson, D.A., P.M. Dougherty, and H.L. Allen. 1997. Development of
an index for assessing climate change and elevated carbon dioxide
effects on loblolly pine productivity. In Global Change Impacts on Tree
Physiology and Browth. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Amateis, R.L., M.J. Ducey, and H.L. Allen. 1997. Modeling Temporal
Response to Midrotation Fertilizer Treatments. In Proceedings IUFRO
Workshop on Empirical and Process-Based Models in Forest, Tree and
Stand Growth Simulation. Oeiras, Portugal.
                              36
Ducey, M.J. and H.L. Allen. 1997. Modeling Stand Nutrient Use in
Intensively Managed Plantations. In Proceedings IUFRO Workshop on
Empirical and Process-Based Models in Forest, Tree, and Stand Growth
Simulation. Oeiras, Portugal.

McKeand, S.E., J.E. Grissom, D.M. O‟Malley, and H.L. Allen. 1997. Early
Growth Response of Diverse Families of Loblolly Pine to Nutrient
Amendments on a Poor Site. In Southern Forest Tree Improvement
Conference. Orlando, FL pp. 267-274.

Moore, S.E. and H.L. Allen. 1997. Vegetative composition and height
growth of a 4-year old Atlantic white-cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
stand under varying combinations of above- and below-ground
competition. In: R.K. Rose (ed.) Proceedings of the Third Great Dismal
Swamp Symposium, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.

Colbert, S.R., H.L. Allen. 1996. Factors contributing to variability in
loblolly pine foliar nutrient concentrations. South. J. Appl. For. 20(1):45-
52.

Murthy, R., P.M. Dougherty, S.J. Zarnoch, H.L. Allen. 1996. Effects of
Elevated CO2, Nitrogen and water on net photosynthesis and foliar
nitrogen concentration of loblolly pine trees. Tree Physiology 16:537-546.

Sampson, D.A., E.J. Cooter, P.M. Dougherty, H.L. Allen. 1996.
Comparison of the UKMO and GFDL GCM Climate Projections in NPP
simulations for southern loblolly pine stands. Climate Research 7:55-69.

Shafer, S.J., M.M. Schoeneberger, S.J. Horton, C.B. Davey, and J.E.
Miller. 1996. Effects of rhizobium, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and
anion content of simulated rain on subterranean clover. Environ. Pollut.
92:55-66.

Zhang, S., H.L. Allen. 1996. Foliar nutrient dynamics of 11 year old
loblolly pine in response to nitrogen fertilization. Can. J. For. Res.
26:1426-1439.

Binkley, D., R. Carter and H.L. Allen. 1995. Nitrogen fertilization
practices in forestry. Chap. 11. In: Bacon (ed). Nitrogen Fertilization in
the Environment. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, NY. 608 p.

Richter, D.D., D. Markewitz, C.G. Wells, H.L. Allen, J. Dunscomb, K.
Harrison, P.R. Heine, A. Stuanes, B. Urrego and G. Bonani. 1995.
Carbon Cycling in a Loblolly Pine Forest: Implications for the Missing
Carbon Sink and for the Concept of Soil. Chap. 11. In: J.M. Kelly and W.
                               37
McFee (eds). Carbon Forms and Functions in Forest Soils. Soil Science
Society of America. Madison, WI. 594 p.

Allen, H.L., T.J. Albaugh and P.M. Dougherty. 1995. The Influence of
Nutrient and Water Availability on Leaf Area and Productivity: A Case
Study with Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.) in the Southeast U.S. In:
Proceedings of the 25th Meeting of the Brazilian Soil Science Society.
Federal University of Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Gautam, M., Mead, D. J., Frampton, C. and Chang, S. X. 1999. Coarse
root system characteristics and toppling of clonal and seedling trees of
Pinus radiata on Canterbury Plains. New ZealandJournal of Forestry 44:
15-18.

Chang, S. X., Preston, C. M. and Weetman, G. F. 1999. Availability of
        15
residual N in a coniferous forest soil: a bioassay and comparison with
chemical extractions. Forest Ecology and Management 117: 199-209.

Robison, D.J., Chang, S.X., and Birks, P.J. 1999. The Hardwood
Research Cooperative program at North Carolina State University.
Proceedings of the Society of American Foresters National
Convention, Portland, Oregon, September 11-15, 1999. pp. 558-559.

Romagosa, M. and D. Robison. 1999. An evaluation of biological
constraints to the early growth of natural hardwood regeneration on NC
                                         th
Piedmont clearcuts. In: Proceedings 10 Biennial So. Silv. Res. Conf., ed.
J. Haywood. Feb. 16-18, 1999. Shreveport, LA. USDA For. Serv. Gen.
Tech. Rep. SRS-30. pp. 39-42.

Rapp, J., T. Shear and D. Robison. 1999. Soil, groundwater and floristics
in a SE U.S. blackwater swamp eight years after clear cut with helicopter
and skidder logging. In: Proceedings 10th Biennial o. Silv. Res. Conf., ed.
J. Haywood. Feb. 16-18, 1999. Shreveport, LA. USDA For. Serv. Gen.
Tech. Rep. SRS-30. pp. 302-306.

Klepzig, K., Robison, P., Smalley, E., and Raffa, K. 1998. Effects of
feeding by two folivorous arthropods on susceptibility of hybrid poplar
clones to a foliar pathogen. Grt. Lakes Entomol. 30:99-104.

Robison, D., Abrahamson, L., Raffa, K., and White, E. 1998. Spruce
budworm (Lepidoptera: tortricidae) field fecundity: new insights into its
estimation and use. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 106:73-81.

Robison, D. and Raffa, K. 1998. Productivity, drought tolerance and pest
status of hybrid Populus: tree improvement and silvicultural implications.
Biomass and Bioenergy. 14:1-20.
                              38
Abrahamson, L., Robison, D., Volk, T.,White, E., Neuhauser, E.,
Benjamin, W., and Peterson, J. 1998. Sustainability and Environmental
Issues Associated with Willow Bioenergy Development in New York
(USA). Biomass and Bioenergy. 15:17-22.

Robison, Dan. 1998. Forest industry opportunities to benefit from and
contribute to bioenergy business development. IN: Proceedings -
Bioenergy ‟98, 4-8 Oct. 1998, Madison, WI. Grt. Lakes Regional Biomass
Energy Program, US Dept.of Energy. Vol. II: 240-242.

Tharakan, P., Abrahamson, L., Isebrands, J., and Robison, D. 1998. First
year growth and development of willow and poplar biomass energy crops
as related to foliar characteristics. IN: Proceedings - Bioenergy ‟98, 4-8
Oct. 1998, Madison, WI. Grt. Lakes Regional Biomass Energy Program,
US Dept.of Energy. Vol. II: 1170-1179.

Robison, D.J. and K.F. Raffa. 1997. Effects of constitutive and inducible
traits of hybrid poplars on forest tent caterpillar feeding and population
ecology. For. Sci. 43-252-267.

Robison, D.J. and K.F. Raffa. 1996 (1997). Importance of Cutting
Diameter and Method of Production on Early Growth of Hybrid Poplar.
Tree Planters Notes 47:76-80.

Kellison, R.C., M.J. Young. R.R. Braham, and e.J. Jones. 1997. Major
Alluvial Floodplains. In Southern Forested Wetlands pp. 291-323.

TAPPI Futurist 1999. The World in 2015: Four Possible Scenarios. TAPPI
Press, Atlanta, GA. 72p. The 11-person Committee was assisted by PIRA
International, consultants, London, UK, and received input from
representatives of the following corporations: BASF; Xerox Canada, Ltd.;
ABB Industry Oy; Shell International; Paine Webber; Duke Energy Services,
Inc.; Proctor & Gamble; and ABB Industrial Systems, Inc. (Franklin as co-
editor)

Moore, Jennifer A., Hugh A. Devine and E. Carlyle Franklin. 1999.
Maintaining a forest management geographic information system with on-
screen digitizing and digital imagery. 2nd Sou. For. GIS Conf. Oct. 28-29,
1998. Athens, GA.

Verchot, L. V., Franklin, E. C. and Gilliam, W. J. 1998. Effects of
agricultural runoff
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Wu, R. and B. Li. 1999. A multiplicative-epistatic model for analyzing
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McKinley, C. and J. Frampton. 1999. The Danish Christmas Tree Industry:
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Jayawickrama, K.J.S., S.E. McKeand, J.B. Jett, and E.A. Wheeler. 1997.
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McKeand, S.E., R.P. Crook, and H.L. Allen. 1997. Genotypic stability
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Hodge, G.R., C.J. Masters, R.S. Cameron, W.J. Lowe, and R.J. Weir.
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McKeand, S.E., G. Eriksson, and J.H. Roberds. 1997. Genotype by
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Goldfarb, B., M.S. Greenwood and K.W. Hutchison. Molecular and
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Grattapaglia, D., F.L. Bertolucci and R.R. Sederoff. Genetic Mapping of
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Hassan, A.E. and A.S. Tohmaz. Performance of Skidder Tires in
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Hassan, A.E. Foreward – 1995 Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of
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Jayawickrama, K.J.S., S.E. McKeand and J.B. Jett. Phenological
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Jenkins, H.R. and F.W. Cubbage. A capital budgeting analysis of logging
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Liao, Y.K. and H.V. Amerson. Slash Pine (Pinus elliotii Engelm.) somatic
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Loopstra, C.A. and R.R. Sederoff. Xylem specific gene expression in
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MacKay, J.J., B.H. Liu, R.W. Whetten, R.R. Sederoff and D.M. O‟Malley.
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McKeand, S.E. and F.E. Bridgwater. Variance component and genetic
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McKinley, C.R. and S.E. McKeand. Genetic improvement of Christmas
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Rieckermann, H., B. Goldfarb, M.W. Cunningham and R.C. Kellison.
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Roise, J.P. CASP – Computer Aided Sawing Pattern Design Program.
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Sampson, D.A. and H.L. Allen. Direct and indirect estimates of LAI for
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Sederoff, R.R. DNA transfer in Forest Trees. In: Transformation in Plants
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Sederoff, R.R. and L. Meagher. Access to intellectual Property in
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Tohmaz, A.S. and A.E. Hassan. Application of artificial neural networks to
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Tsang, E., P. Charest and R.R. Sederoff. Transformation in Conifers. In:
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Van Buitenen and B. Zobel. Genetics and Breeding of Wood. In: Tree
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Voo, K.S., R.W. Whetten, D.M. O‟Malley and R.R. Sederoff. 4-
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Wagner, J.E., F.W. Cubbage and C.H. Redmond. Comparing the Capital
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Whetten, R.W. and R.R. Sederoff. Lignin Biosynthesis. Plant Cell
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Whetten, R.W. Meeting Report on the Tree Genome Workshop of the
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Wright, J.A., L.F. Osorio and W.S. Dvorak. Recent developments in a
tree improvement program with Pinus patula in Columbia. Forest Ecology
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Wright, J.A., L.F. Osorio and W.S. Dvorak. Laboratory results on TMP
and CTMP trials with Pinus patula, Pinus tecummanii and Pinus carbaea
var. hondurensis. TAPPI 78(1):91-96.

Zobel, B.J. and J.B. Jett. The genetics of wood production. Springer-
Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany. 339 p.

“Melt Spinning of Thermotropic Cellulose Derivatives” R. D. Gilbert, R. A.
Venditti, C. Zhang, K. W. Koelling, 77, Journal of Applied Polymer
Science, 77, pp. 418-423, 2000.

 “Effect of Salts and Cationic Polymers on the Stability of Micro-Adhesive
Particles, X. Huo, R. A. Venditti, and H. M. Chang, submitted for
publication to Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 2000.

“Laboratory and Pilot Plant Evaluations of Pressure Sensitive Adhesive
Materials in Paper Recycling Processes” B. Lucas, R. A. Venditti, and
Hasan Jameel, accepted for publication to Tappi Journal, 2000.

 “Role of Contact Angle in 1-Octadecanol Agglomeration of Electrostatic
Toners” J. Zeng, R. A. Venditti, H. G. Olf, submitted for publication, CPPA,
2000.

“ A Simple Experiment to Demonstrate the Flotation Deinking Process”,
R. A. Venditti, J. of Chemical Education, to be submitted, May 2000.


                              59
 “Free Volume Changes of Kraft Pulps Due to Delignification and Refining
as Measured by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy” A.
Pekarovikova, R. A. Venditti, Y. Jean, submitted for publication in Journal
of Pulp and Paper Science 2000.

“Low Cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources” J. T. Shaffer, C. F.
Leitten, W. L. Griffith, A. L. Compere, R. D. Gilbert, and R. A. Venditti,
SAMPE-DOE Midwest Advanced Materials and Processing Conference,
Dearborn, Michigan September 12-14, 2000.

“Melt Spun Fibers of Lignin/Synthetic Polymer Blends”, J. F. Kadla, R. A.
Venditti and R. D. Gilbert, American Chemical Society, Pan-Pacific
Regional Meeting, Hawaii, December 2000.

“Effect of Salts and Cationic Polymers on the Stability of Micro-Adhesive
Particles, X. Huo, R. A. Venditti, and H. M. Chang, International
Symposium on Enivronmentally Friendly and Emerging Technologies for a
Sustainable Pulp and Paper Industry, Tappi, Taipai, Taiwan, April 2000.

“Agglomeration Deinking”, H. M. Chang, R. A. Venditti and J. A. Heitmann,
International Symposium On Environmentally Friendly and Emerging
Technologies for a Sustainable Pulp and Paper Industry, Tappi, Taiwan,
April 2000.

“Preventing Strength Loss in Recycled Fibers”, International Symposium
On Environmentally Friendly and Emerging Technologies for a
Sustainable Pulp and Paper Industry, Tappi, Taiwan, April 2000.

“Effect of Release Liner on Paper Recycling and Pressure Sensitive
Adhesives” R. A. Venditti, C. Zhang and R. D. Gilbert, TAPPI 2000 Paper
Recycling Conference, pp. 579-592, Washington DC, 2000.

“The Breakage of Adhesive Contaminants in Pulp Suspensions” B.
Lucas, R. A. Venditti, H. Jameel, accepted for publication in the Tappi
2000 Pulping Conference, 2000.

“The Removal of Wax from Wax Containing Old Corrugated Containers
using Supercritical CO2” , T. Stauffer, R. A. Venditti, R. D. Gilbert, J. F.
Kadla, G. Montero, submitted for publication, Progress in Paper
Recycling, 2000.

"The Effect of Surfactant Structure on Toner Agglomeration" E. Welf and
R. A. Venditti, submitted for publication, Progress in Paper Recycling,
2000.

“The Removal of Wax from Wax Containing Old Corrugated Containers
                               60
using Supercritical CO2”, T. Stauffer, R. A. Venditti, R. D. Gilbert, J. F.
Kadla, G. Montero, AICHE 2000 Annual Meeting, Advances in
Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Los Angeles, CA, November 12-17, 2000.

 “Toner-specific Effect in 1-Octadecanol Agglomeration of Electrostatic
Toners” J. Zeng, R. A. Venditti, H. G. Olf, Progress in Paper Recycling,
pp. 30-37, 9(1)1999.

“Role of Contact Angle in 1-Octadecanol Agglomeration of Electrostatic
Toners” J. Zeng, R. A. Venditti, H. G. Olf, Preprints of the 5 th Annual
Research Forum on Paper Recycling, CPPA, pp. 157-161, Ottawa,
Canada, September 1999.

“Laboratory and Pilot Plant Evaluations of Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Materials
in Paper Recycling Processes” B. Lucas, R. A. Venditti, and Hasan Jameel, ASC
Spring Convention Journal Notebook, Toronto, March 1999.

“Effect of Papermaking Components on Adhesive Contaminant (Stickies)
Characteristics after Pulping ”, X. Huo, R. A. Venditti , H. M. Chang,
TAPPI Proceedings of the 1999 Recycling Symposium, pp. 681-692,
1999.

“Industrial Needs and Institution Research” J. M. Dyer, contribution by R.
A. Venditti, Progress in Paper Recycling, 8(4) 45-46 (1999).

“Stickies Measurement Based on Deposition Used at North Carolina State
University”, R. A. Venditti, H. M. Chang, R. D. Gilbert, in “Paper Recycling
Challenge: Volume IV, Process Control & Mensuration” , Ed. M. Doshi
and J. Dyer, Progress in Paper Recycling, Appleton WI, pp. 103-104,
1999.

 “Aspects of the Agglomeration Process to Remove Contaminants in
Wastepaper”, J. Pekarovic and R. A. Venditti, Pulp & Paper Canada, 99:9,
pp. 56-59 (1998).

 “Effects of Enzyme Pre-Treatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping”, C.J.
Jacobs, R.A. Venditti and T.W. Joyce, TAPPI, 81(2), pp. 143-147 (1998).

 “Effects of Enzymatic Pre-Treatment on the Diffusion of Sodium
Hydroxide in Wood”, C.J. Jacobs, R.A. Venditti and T.W. Joyce, TAPPI,
81(1), pp. 260-266 (1998).

“Enzyme Applications in Conventional Kraft Pulping” C.J. Jacobs, R.A.
Venditti and T.W. Joyce, in Enzyme Applications in Fiber Processing
Series No. 687, Ed. Eriksson, K., pp. 55-64, ACS Books, Washington DC,
                              61
1998.

 “Freeness Improvement of Recycled Fibers Using Enzymes with
Refining” L.A. Eriksson, J.A. Heitmann and R. Venditti, in Enzyme
Applications in Fiber Processing Series No. 687, Ed. Eriksson, K., pp. 41-
54, ACS Books, Wash DC, 1998.

“Deposition Analysis of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives”, R. A. Venditti , A.
 Zhang, C. Buchanan, R. D. Gilbert, S. Abubakr, D. Bormett, TAPPI
Proceedings of the 1998 Recycling Symposium, pp. 475-482, 1998.

"Deposition of Adhesive Contaminants in Wastepaper on Paper Machine
Forming Wires" C. Buchanan and R. A. Venditti, The 7th Annual North
Carolina State University Undergraduate Research Symposium, Book of
Abstracts, April 23, 1998.

H-m. Chang. "Future Fiber Supply Trend and Research Needs in the
Pulp and Paper Industry", Preprints of 1998 Cellulose R&D, 5 th Annual
Meeting of the Cellulose Society of Japan, July 9-10, 1998, Uji, Kyoto,
Japan, pp. 1-4.

Chang, H-m. "The Pulp and Paper Industry in Asian Pacific (Plenary
Lecture)", The Proceedings of the International Engineering Conference,
September 13-17, 1998. Miami, FL, p. 1.

Jackson, L.S., Joyce, Thomas W., and Heitmann, J.A., “Production of
Dissolving Pulp from Wastepaper Using Enzymes”, TAPPI Journal, 81(3),
March 1998, pp. 171-178.

Contributor: Microscopic Wood Anatomy. In: Sosef, M.S.M., L.T. Hong
and S. Prawirohatmodjo (eds.). 1998. Plant Resources of South-East
Asia. No. 5(3) Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers. Backhuys
Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Beall, F. C., Lemaster, R. L., and Biernacki, J. M. "Method and apparatus
for non-destructively detecting hidden defects caused by bio-deterioration
in living trees and round wood materials". U. S. Patent #5,760,308, June
2, 1998.

 “Cellulose Free Volume Characterization Using Positron Annihilation
Lifetime Spectroscopy” A. Pekarovikova, R. A. Venditti, Y. Jean, Journal
of Pulp and Paper Research 23(3), pp. 101-107 (1997).

 “Stickies Related Research at North Carolina State University” R. A.
Venditti, E. K. Andrews, H. M. Chang, J. A. Heitmann, in “Paper Recycling
                             62
Challenge – Stickies, Jeffrey Dyer, Editor, Progress in Paper Recycling
pp. 45-49 (1997).

 "A Relationship Between the Glass Transition Temperature (Tg) and
Fractional Conversion for Thermosetting Systems" R. A. Venditti and J.
K. Gillham, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 58, pp. 3-14 (1997).

“Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of Fiber Free Toner
Agglomeration”, J. Craig Small, R. A. Venditti and , J.A. Heitmann,
TAPPI Proceedings of the 1997 Recycling Symposium, pp. 501-506,
1997.

“Drainage and Strength Properties of Secondary Fibers Using Enzymes
and Refining”, L.A. Eriksson, J.A. Heitmann and R. A. Venditti, TAPPI
Proceedings of the 1997 Recycling Symposium, pp. 423-434, 1997.

“Freeness Improvement of Recycled Fibers Using Enzymes with
Refining”, L.A. Eriksson, J.A. Heitmann and R. A. Venditti, Proceedings of
the American Chemical Society, Cellulose Division, San Francisco CA,
1997.

“Effect of Enzyme Pretreatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping” C.J.
Jacobs, R.A. Venditti and T.W. Joyce, Tappi Pulping Conference, pp.
593-601, San Francisco, 1997.

“Effects of Enzyme Treatment on Pulping and Bleaching”, C.J. Jacobs,
R.A. Venditti and T.W. Joyce, Proceedings of the American Chemical
Society, Cellulose Division, San Francisco CA, 1997.

“Aspects of the Agglomeration Process to Remove Contaminants in
Wastepaper”, J. Pekarovic and R. A. Venditti, 4 th Research Forum on
Recycling, CPPA, September, 1997, pp. 265-268.

Gerber, P.J., Joyce, T.W., Heitmann, J.A., Siika-aho, M., and Buchert, J.,
“Adsorption of a Trichoderma reesei Endoglucanase and
Cellobiohydrolase onto Bleached Kraft Fibers”, Chemistry and
Technology, 4(4), December, 1997, pp. 255-268.

Eriksonn, L.A., Heitmann, J.A., and Venditti, R.A., “Freeness Improvement
of Recycled Fibers Using Enzymes with Refining”, Enzyme Applications in
Fiber Processing. ACS Vol. X, in press, July, 1997. Peer Reviewed Book
Chapter.

Gerber, P.J., Heitmann, J.A., and Joyce, T.W., “Purification and
Characterization of Xylanases from Trichoderma,” Bioresource
                             63
Technology, 61(2):127-140. Aug., 1997.

Jayawarickarama, K.J.S., S.E. McKeand, J. B. Jett, and E. A. Wheeler,
1997. Date of earlywood latewood transition in provenances and families
of loblolly pine, and its relationship to growth phenology and wood specific
gravity. Canadian Journal Forest Research 27:1245-1253.

Q-m. Chen, H-m. Chang, E. K. Andrews and Heinz Olf, Ink Detachment
and Agglomeration in Photocopy Paper De-inking Using 1-
OCTADECANOL, The Proceedings of the 1997 Korea Recycling
Symposium and Exhibit, Oct. 16-17, 1997, Seoul, Korea, pp. 1-10

H-m. Chang, Global Fiber Supply, Current Status and Future Prospects,
Proceeding of the TAPPI Technical Session the 1997 China Paper,
October 20-21, 1997, Beijing, China, pp. 79-92

"Effects of a Starch-Based Foam Packing on a Paper Recycle Mill", J.
Parsley, R. A. Venditti and J. A. Heitmann, TAPPI Proceedings of the
1996 Recycling Symposium, pp. 75-79, New Orleans LA, 1996.

J.A. Wright, H. Jameel and W. Ddvorak, “Laboratory Kraft Pulping from
CAMCORE Trials of Pinus patula, Pinus tecunamanii, Pinus maximinoi
and Pinus chiapensis Grown in Columbia”, Tappi, J., v79:4, p 187, April
1996

Chang, H-m., Tien-Wang Wu, and J.A. Heitmann, 1996, Deinking of
Xerographic Printed Wastepaper Using Long Chain Alcohol, US Patent
5,500,082

Kaya, Fikret, Heitmann, John A., and Joyce, Thomas W., “Deactivation of
Cellulase a Hemicellulase in High Shear Fields,” Cellulose Chemistry and
Technology, 30(1-2): 49-56. Jan-April, 1996.

Jackson, L.S., Joyce, T.W., Heitmann, J.A., and Giesbrecht, F.G.
“Enzyme Activity Recovery from Secondary Fiber Treated with Cellulas
and Xylanase,” Journal of Biotechnology, 45-33-44. 1996.

Kaya, Fikret, Heitmann, John A., and Joyce, Thomas W., “Effect of Shear
Fields on Hemicellulose Binding to Pulp Fibers,” Journal of Biotechnology,
45:23-31. 1996.

Parsley, J.A., Venditti, R.A., and Heitmann, J.A., “Effects of a starch-
based foam packing material entered a waste paper recycle mill,”
Proceedings of the 1996 TAPPI Recycling Symposium, New Orleans, LA,
March 3-6, 1996. pp.75-79.

                              64
 "The Distribution of Impurities in Pulp and Paper: The Effects of the
Random Distribution of Impurities on Image Analysis", C. Zeyer, R. A.
Venditti, K. W. Puangchinda and J. A. Heitmann, TAPPI 78(2), pp. 168-
175 (1995).

 "The Effect of Sample Size on the Confidence Interval for Image Analysis
of Impurities in Pulp and Paper", C. Zeyer, R. A. Venditti, and J. A.
Heitmann, TAPPI, 78(2), pp. 176-179 (1995).

"The Free Volume of a Thermosetting System vs Fractional Conversion",
R. A. Venditti, J. K. Gillham, Y. C. Jean and Y. Lou, Journal of Applied
Polymer Science, 56, pp. 1207-1220, (1995).

 "Macroscopic Volume, van der Waals Volume and Free Volume After
Cure versus Chemical Conversion for a High-Tg Epoxy/Amine
Thermosetting System", R. A. Venditti, J. K. Gillham, Y. C. Jean and Y.
Lou, Journal of Coatings Technology, 74(844), 47-56 (1995).

 "Anomalous Behavior of the Properties of Thermosetting Systems vs.
Cure: A Generalized Conversion-Temperature-Property (TgTP) Diagram",
R. A. Venditti and J. K. Gillham, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 56,
pp. 1687-1705 (1995).

"Effect of Ultrasonic Treatment on the Size Distribution of Toner Particles
in Waste Paper" L. G. Offill and R. A. Venditti, TAPPI Proceedings of
the 1995 Recycling Symposium, pp. 53-60, New Orleans LA, 1995.

Chen, Zu-Xin, Heitmann, J.A., and Chang, Hou-min, “Recycled Fiber
Quality Improvement,” Taiwan TAPPI Journal, 1(1): 35-42. Oct., 1995.

Kaya, Fikret, Heitmann, John A., and Joyce, Thomas W. “Influence of
Surfactants on the Enzymatic Hydroloysis of Xylan and Cellulose,” TAPPI
Journal, 78(10):150-157. Oct., 1995.

Zeyer, C., Venditti, R.A., Puangchinda, K.W., and Heitmann, J.A., “The
Distribution of Impurities in Pulp and Paper: The Effect of the Random
Distribution of Impurities on Image Analysis,” TAPPI Journal, 78(2):176-
179. Feb., 1995.

Zeyer, C. Venditti, R.A., and Heitmann, J.A. “The Effect of Sample Size
on the Confidence Interval for Image Analysis of Impurities in Pulp and
Paper,” TAPPI Journal, 78(2):168-175. Feb., 1995.

Eriksson, L.A., Joyce, T.W., and Heitmann, J.A. “Research Needs for
Enzyme Deinking,” proceedings of the Fourth International Wastepaper

                              65
             Technology Conference, Vol. 3, paper 23, Pira International, Gatwick, UK,
             June 13-15, 1995

             Jackson, L.S. Joyce, T.W., Heitmann, J.A., and Giesbrecht, F.G.,
             “Enzyme activity recovery from secondary fiber modified with cellulase
             and xylanase” , Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Wood
             and Pulping Chemistry, Helsinki, Finland, June 6-9, pp 177-181, 1995.

University of Washington:

      Grants and Contracts

             9/96 – 9/98, Weyerhaeuser Company, $70,000; “Self-sizing Mechanisms
             in Thermomechanical Pulps” Kevin Hodgson

             10/95 – 10/97, Dow Chemical Company, $80,000; “Sizing with
             Ethylene/Acrylic Acid Coploymers” Kevin Hodgson

             Stand Management Cooperative Basic Funding, Various public & private
             land managing organizations, 1997: $623,136 1998: $610,807 1999:
             $588,516 2000: $569,789 2001: $562,660 Total: $2,954,908

             A Modeling Approach for Enhancing Forest Productivity, U.S. Department
             of Energy, 1998: $20,000, 1999: $20,000, 2000: $20,000 Total = $60,000

             Organic Matter and Management Effects on Forest Productivity, National
             Council on Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI), 1998: $92,000, 1999:
             $40,000, 2000: $40,000 Total: $$172,000

             Carry-over effects study, University of Munich, $42,500

             Analysis of the Highway Thinning Biosolids Test Site at Pack Forest, King
             County Department of Natural Resources, 1999: $24,000, 2000:$26,911
             Total; $50,911

             Branch & Wood Quality Modeling, University of Freiburg, Volkswagen
             Foundation, 1999: $60,000, 2000: $55,000 Total: $115,000

             Effect of Forest Management on Carbon Storage in Managed Forests,
             U.S. Department of Energy, 2000: $45,000, 2001: $45,000, 2002:
             $45,000 Total $135,000

      Publications and Patents

                                          66
Willits, S.A., Barbour, R.J., Kumar, S., Gustafson, R.R., et al., Colville
Study: Wood Utilization for Ecosystem Management." USDA Forest
Service, Forest Products
Laboratory research Paper. FPL-RP-559 (1996)

Barbour, R. J., Gustafson, R. R., Kumar, S., et al. "New Silvicultural
Practices Under Ecosystem Management." Proceedings of 1997 Tappi
Environmental Conference, (1997).

Ness, J.M. and K.T. Hodgson, “An Investigation of Wood Pulp Fiber Self-
sizing Mechanisms”, Cellulose Chemistry and Technology,, 2000 (in
press).

Ness, J.M. and K.T. Hodgson, “Self-sizing Mechanisms of
Thermomechanical Pulps Used in Newsprint Production”, Proceedings of
PIRA International Conference: Scientific & Technical Advances in the
Internal and Surface Sizing of Paper and Board, December 2-3, 1999,
Florence, Italy.

Ness, J. and K.T. Hodgson, “Effects of Peroxide Bleaching on Thermo-
mechanical Pulp Self-Sizing”, Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal,
41 (2): 111 (1999).

Finlayson, M.A., Hodgson, K.T., Cooper, J.L., Gathers, J.J., and K.E.
Springs, "Internal Sizing of Paper and Paperboard With Ethylene
Copolymers", 1996 TAPPI Papermakers Conference Proceedings, TAPPI
Press, Atlanta.

Bankhead, R.B. and K.T. Hodgson, "The Effects of Fiber and Filler
Wettability on Ink Jet Print Quality", 1995 TAPPI Papermakers
Conference Proceedings, TAPPI Press, Atlanta.

Krueger, J.J. and K.T. Hodgson, "The Relationship of Single Fiber
Wettability to Sizing Performance", TAPPI Journal, 78(2): 154 (1995).

Interaction between fibers and polymers in paper. The mechanisms of wet
strength (Graham Allen with E. Delgado F., F. Lopez-Dellamary T. and J.
Cruz A.)

Proceed. IV International Conf. on Advanced Materials, Cancun, Mexico,
Aug. 27-Sept. 1,1995. Int.Union Mat.Res. Soc., S7-2.4. Graham Allen

Bennett, W.S. and D.A. Maguire. 1995. A field procedure for thinning by
relative density specifications: development, implementation, and
relationship to stand structure. West. J. Appl. For. 10:85-90.
                               67
Briggs, D.G. 1995. Pruning in relation to forest inventory, wood quality and
products. p 21-35 In Hanley, D.P., et al., eds. 1995. Forest pruning and
wood quality of western North American conifers. Inst. of Forest
Resources Contrib. No. 77, College of Forest Resources, Univ. of
Washington, Seattle.


Briggs, D.G. and R.D. Fight. 1995. Decision aids for choosing forest
pruning systems. p. 153-163 In Hanley, D.P., et al., eds. 1995. Forest
pruning and wood quality of western North American conifers. Inst. of
Forest Resources Contrib. No. 77, College of Forest Resources, Univ. of
Washington, Seattle.


Chappell, H.N. and T.A. Terry. 1995. Enhancing sustained productivity of
planted forests. In Planted forests: contributions to sustainable societies,
June 28 - July 1, 1995, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR.


Hanley, D.P., H.N. Chappell, and E. Nadelhoffer. 1995. Fertilizing
coastal Douglas-fir forests: A guide for nonindustrial private forest
landowners in western Washington. WSU Extension Bulletin EB1800.
13 p.


Hanley, D.P., C.D. Oliver, D.A. Maguire, D.G. Briggs, and R.D. Fight, eds.
1995. Forest pruning and wood quality of western North American
conifers. Inst. of Forest Resources Contrib. No. 77, College of Forest
Resources, Univ. of Washington, Seattle. 403 p.


Hegyi, A. 1995. Diameter at breast height as the sole predictor in models
estimating Douglas-fir crown attributes on 40 plots. M.S. Thesis, College
of Forestry Univ. of Washington, Seattle.


Homann, P.S., P. Sollins, H.N. Chappell, and A.G. Stangenberger. 1995.
Soil organic carbon in a mountainous, forested region: relationship to site
characteristics. Soil Sci. Am. J. 59: 1468-1475.



                              68
Johnson, J.M., M.D. Petruncio, and R.I. Gara. 1995. Impact of forest pest
problems on intensive management practices such as pruning. p. 245-251
In Hanley, D.P., et al., eds. 1995. Forest pruning and wood quality of
western North American conifers. Inst. of Forest Resources Contrib. No.
77, College of Forest Resources, Univ. of Washington, Seattle.


Kershaw, J.A. and D.A. Maguire. 1995. Crown structure in western
hemlock, Douglas-fir, and grand fir in western Washington: trends in
branch-level mass and leaf area. Can. J. Forest Res. 25:1897-1912.


Maguire, D.A. and M.D. Petruncio. 1995. Pruning and growth of western
Cascade species: Douglas-fir, western hemlock, Sitka spruce. p. 179-215
In Hanley, D.P., et al., eds. 1995. Forest pruning and wood quality of
western North American conifers. Inst. of Forest Resources Contrib. No.
77, College of Forest Resources, Univ. of Washington, Seattle.


McConchie, D.L., J. Barbour, R.B. McKinley, M.O. Kimberly, K.F. Gilchrist,
and D.J. Cown. 1995. Grade recovery and conversion from a Douglas-fir
sawing study at Kaingaroa. Douglas-fir Cooperative Report No. 13. New
Zealand Forest Research Institute, Rotorua. 30p.


Petruncio, M.D. and G. McFadden. 1995. Developments in forest pruning
equipment. p. 317-324 In Hanley, D.P., et al., eds. 1995. Forest pruning
and wood quality of western North American conifers. Inst. of Forest
Resources Contrib. No. 77, College of Forest Resources, Univ. of
Washington, Seattle.


Shumway, J.S. and H.N. Chappell. 1995. Preliminary DRIS norms for
coastal Douglas-fir soils in Washington and Oregon. Can. J. Forest Res.
25:208-214.


Toro, J. and S.P. Gessel. 1995. Radiata pine plantations in Chile. In
Planted forests: contributions to sustainable societies, June 28 - July 1,
1995, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR.




                              69
Turner, J., M.J. Lambert, and S.P. Gessel. 1995. Sustainable
management of native and exotic plantations in Australia. In Planted
forests: contributions to sustainable societies, June 28 - July 1, 1995,
Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR.1996


Brallier, S., R.B. Harrison and C.L. Henry. 1996. Liming effects on
availability of Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn in a soil amended with sewage sludge 16
years previously. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 86:195-206.


Briggs, D.G. 1996. Modeling crown development and wood quality.
Journal of Forestry 94(12):24-25.


Harrison, R.B., C.L. Henry, D. Xue and D.W. Cole. 1995. Long-term
changes in organic matter in soils receiving applications of municipal
biosolids. Proceedings of the 8th North American Forest Soils
Conference. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI.


Harrison, R.B., S.P. Gessel, D. Zabowski, C.L. Henry, D. Xue, D.W. Cole
and J.E. Compton. 1996. Mechanisms of negative impacts of three forest
treatments on nutrient availability. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 60:1622-1628.


Harrison, R.B., C.L. Henry, D.W. Cole, R. King, P. Leonard, J.L.M.
Gonçalves, Maria G.F. Reis, Geraldo G. Reis and D. Xue. 1996. Uso do
residuos urbanos em florestas. Proceedings of the 1996 Conferencia
Latino Americano do solos. August 4-8, 1996. Aguas do Lindonias, Sao
Paulo, BRAZIL.


Harrison, R.B., M.G.F. Reis, G.G. Reis, J.L.M. Gonçalves, C.L. Henry,
D.W. Cole, R. King, P. Leonard, J. Compton and D. Xue. 1996. Closing
the loop: The role of harvesting and transportation in maintaining
productivity and returning organic waste to the forest. Proceedings of the
8th conference on forest harvesting and transportation in Brazil. May 18-
23, 1996. Curitiba, Parana, BRAZIL.


Harrison , R.B., Bernardo, A.L., M.G.F. Reis, G.G. Reis. 1996. Effect of
spacing levels on growth and nutrient distribution of Eucalyptus
                              70
camaldulensis, E. pellita and E. urophylla in southeastern Brazil.
Agronomy Abstracts 87.


Henry, C.L., R.B. Harrison and D.W. Cole. 1995. Forestry. In J.E.
Rechcigl (ed) Soil Amendments: Impacts on Biotic Systems. Agriculture
and environment Series. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, Florida.

Mortzheim, J.T. 1996. Modeling crown profile of Douglas-fir in the Western
Willamette Valley. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis. 73p.


Reis, G.G., M.G.F. Reis, R.T. Gomes and R.B. Harrison. 1996. Effect of
spacing on water relations of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. pellita and E.
urophylla in southeastern Brazil. Agronomy Abstracts 87.


Reis, M.G.F., G.G. Reis, A.L. Bernardo and R.B. Harrison. 1996. Effect of
spacing regimes on lateral and vertical root growth of Eucalyptus
camaldulensis and E. pellita in southeastern Brazil. Agronomy Abstracts
87.


Turnblom, E.C. and T.E. Burk. 1996. Adjusting volume table estimates
using normal form quotient. Can. J. Forest Res. 26:155-158.1997


Christensen, G.A. 1997. Development of Douglas-fir log quality, product
yield, and stand value after repeated thinnings in western Oregon. M.S.
Thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis Oregon. 176p.


Curtis, R.O., D.D. Marshall, and J.F. Bell. 1997. LOGS a pioneering
example of silvicultural research in coast Douglas-fir. Journal of Forestry
95(7):19-25.


Collier, R. 1997. Response of forest stands to thinning and fertilization in
the Gifford Pinchot National Forest. Stand Management Cooperative
report, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle.




                              71
Dubrasich, M.E., D.W. Hann, and J.C. Tappeiner III. 1997. Methods for
evaluating crown area profiles of forest stands. Canadian Journal of
Forestry Research 27:385-392.


Gehringer, K.R., B. Gonyea, and E.C. Turnblom. 1997. Growth response
of thinned Douglas-fir stands to fertilization at Foley Ridge. Stand
Management Cooperative report, College of Forest Resources, University
of Washington, Seattle.


Hann, D.W. 1997. Equations for predecting the largest crown width for
stand grown trees in western Oregon. Forest Research Laboratory,
Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.


Kirkland, Kelly. 1997. Using adaptive management strategies to evaluate
silvicultural prescriptions for achieving late successional characteristics.
M.S. Thesis. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington,
Seattle.


Marshall, D.D., D.L. Johnson, and D.W. Hann. 1997. A forest
management information system for education, research, and operations.
Journal of Forestry 95(10):27-30.


Mortzheim, J.T. 1996. Modeling crown profile of Douglas-fir in the western
Willamette Valley. M.S. Thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis,
Oregon. 73p.


Petruncio, M., D. Briggs and R.J. Barbour. 1997. Predicting pruned
branch stub occlusion in young, coastal Douglas-fir. Can. J. Res. 27:
1074-1082.


Tappeiner III, J.C., D. Huffman, D.D. Marshall, T.A. Spies and J.D.
Bailey. 1997. Density, ages, and growth rates in old-growth and young-
growth forest in coastal Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research
27:638-648.



                              72
Vaughan, K.D. 1997. Graphical tree growth model by a four dimensional
equation. M. S. Thesis Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of
Washington, Seattle. 1998


Collier, R., and E.C. Turnblom. 1998. Evaluating the growth response of
a forest stand to fertilization in the absence of replication. Stand
Management Cooperative Fact Sheet vol. 4, College of Forest Resources,
University of Washington, Box 352100, Seattle, WA 98195-2100.


Gehringer, K.G. and E.C. Turnblom. 1998. Modeling the interaction
dynamics among vegetation layers in young Douglas-fir plantations. Final
Report submitted to Royalty Research Fund grantor, University of
Washington, Seattle.


Gehringer, K.G. and E.C. Turnblom. 1998. An evaluation of the tree and
stand simulator (TASS) fertilization response. Final report submitted to
Jeff Stone, Research Scientist, Research Branch, B.C. Ministry of
Forests, March 1998.


Guerrini, Irae A., João Comério, Luiz Moro, Marco Aurélio F. Lopes, nd
Robert B. Harrison. 1998. Effects of wood ash (x ) pulp and paper sludge
interaction in eucalyptus plantation in Brazil. In Proceedings of the 9 th
North American Forest Soils Conference. August 9-14, 1998.
Granlibaken Conference Center, Tahoe, California.


Hann, D.W. 1998. Equations for predicting the largest crown width of
stand-grown trees in western Oregon. Forest Research Laboratory,
Oregon State University, Corvallis. Research Contribution 17. 14p.


Hann, D.W. 1998. Extending Southwest Oregon‟s Douglas-fir dominant
height growth equation to older ages. Forest Research Laboratory,
Oregon State University, Corvallis. Research Contribution 18. 16p.


Hanus, M.L., D.W. Hann, and D.D. Marshall. 1998. Reconstructing the
spatial pattern of trees from routine stand examination measurements.
Forest Science 44(1):125-133.
                             73
Harrison, Rob, Bob Edmonds, Nick Chappell, Jana Canary, Zuo Shen,
and Dale Cole. 1998. Long-term effects of single and repeated N
fertilization on Douglas-fir growth, carbon and nutrients in the pacific
northwest. In Proceedings of the 9th North American Forest Soils
Conference. August 9-14, 1998. Granlibaken Conference Center, Tahoe,
California.


Harrison, Rob, Maria Reis and Geraldo Reis. 1998. Growth, biomass and
ntrient distribution in eucalyptus species growth at three spacings in
southeastern Brazil. In Proceedings of the 9th North American Forest
Soils Conference. August 9-14, 1998. Granlibaken Conference Center,
Tahoe, California.


Harrison, R.B., T.A. Terry, R.L. Edmonds, D.W. Cole, W. Scott, R.
Heninger, A. Dobkowski, and R. Miller. 1998. Effects of organic matter
retention and management on long-term productivity of Pacific Northwest
coastal Douglas-fir plantations. Agronomy Abstracts


Kimball, B.A., E.C. Turnblom, D.L. Nolte, D.L. Griffin, R.M. Engeman.
1998. Silvicultural effects on selected cambial-zone vascular tissue
chemicals: Relationships with black bear conifer foraging. For. Sci.
44:599-602.


Rosenfeld, Paul, Rob Harrison and Chuck Henry. 1998. Laboratory
investigations of biosolids incorporation with high-carbon wood-ash on
nitrogen and sulfur gas emissions and oat and grass seed germination. In
Proceedings of the 12th Annual Residuals and Biosolids Management
Conference. July 12-15, 1998, DoubleTree Hotel, Bellevue, Washington
U.S.A.


Shen , Zuo and Thomas M. Hinckley. 1998. Vertical variation of
photosynthesis of Douglas-fir foliage to varying light intensity as related to
nitrogen availability. At Frontiers of Forest Biology, 1998 Joint meeting of
North American Forest Biology (NAFB) and Western Forest Genetics
Association (WFGA) University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia,
Canada

                               74
Turnblom, E.C. 1998. Juvenile plantations exhibit the “crossover” effect.
Stand Management Cooperative Fact Sheet vol. 3, College of Forest
Resources, University of Washington, Box 352100, Seattle, WA 98195-
2100. 1999


Barbour, Jamie, Lowell, E.C., Todoroki, C.L., Parry, D.L., Christensen, G.
1999. Simulating North American Lumber Grade Recovery with
AUTOSAW using Externally Visible Branch and Stem Form
Characteristics.” In Proceedings IUFRO WPS5.01-04 Third Workshop, G.
Nepveu, ed. “Connection Between Silviculture and Wood Quality through
Modeling and Simulation Software”, September 5-12 La Londe les
Maures, France.



Briggs, D. G. & E. C. Turnblom 1999. Modeling number and size of branches
in young coastal US Douglas-fir plantations as affected by silvicultural
treatments. In Proceedings IUFRO WPS5.01-04 Third Workshop, G.
Nepveu, ed. “Connection Between Silviculture and Wood Quality through
Modeling and Simulation Software”, September 5-12 La Londe les Maures,
France. Pp 83-93.


Kassebaum, JoEllen. 1999. Plant Biodiversity Indices: Resource
Management Tools: Masters Thesis in Environmentat Studies, Evergreen
State College, Olympia, WA. 99pp



Turnblom, E.C. 1999. Pruning and spacing affect branch size and stem form
in Douglas-fir. Western Forester 44(3):12


Collier, R.L., Trunblom, E.C. (accepted). Response of coastal Douglas-fir to
live crown reduction: epicormic branching. Western Journal of Applied
Forestry.


Canary, J.D., Harrison, R.B., Compton, J.E., Chappell, H.N. (accepted).
Carbon sequestration following repreated urea fertilization of second growth
Douglas-fir stands in western Washington. Forest Ecology and Management.


                              75
Harrison, R.B., King, R., Leonard, P., Turnblom, E.C., Gonyea, R., Henry,
C.L. (accepted). Response of coastal Douglas-fir plantations to forest
fertilization with municipal biosolids. Journal of Sustainable Forestry.




                            76
Superior Environmental Performance




                77
                       Superior Environmental Performance

Auburn:

     Grants and Contracts

           National Science Foundation, Impact of Fiber Products and Processes on
           Environmental Biocomplexity, $100,000, October 2000 - April 2002, P.I.,
           Mahmoud El-Halwagi

           U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Research Institute, Cost-
           Effective Strategies for Minimizing Water Usage and Discharge in the
           Fiber Industry, $70,677, August 1998 B August 2000, P.I.'s M. El-Halwagi
           and G. Krishnagopalan

           National Council on Air and Stream Improvement, Mass Integration for
           Minimum Impact Mills, $21,000, September 1999 - September 2000, P.I.'s
           M. El-Halwagi and G. Krishnagopalan

           U.S. Alliance Paper Mill, Optimization of Whitewater Systems, $10,000,
           January 1999 B January 2000 El-Halwagi

           National Science Foundation, "National Young Investigator Award", July
           1994 - July 2000 ($500,000), Principal Investigator: M. El-Halwagi

           NSF EPSCoR, "An Integrated Approach to the Added Value Reclamation
           of Solid Waste", Principal Investigator, Y. Gowayed, Co-Prinicpal
           Investigator (among others): M. El-Halwagi, July 1995 - July 1998,
           $3,000,000

           The BOC Group, "Optimal Design of Gas Separation Systems",
           Extramural project cost: $40,965, July 1995- July 1998, Principal
           Investigator: M. El-Halwagi

           Tennessee Valley Authority, "Optimal Design and Operation of VOC-
           Recovery Systems for Gaseous and Aqueous Wastes", October 1994 -
           October 1995, Extramural project cost: $29,946, Principal Investigator:
           M. El-Halwagi, Co-Principal Investigator: R. Dunn


           Center for Waste Reduction Technolgies of the American Institute of
           Chemical Engineers (CWRT AIChE), "Integrated Energy Recovery and
           Waste Reduction in Process Industries", June 1994- October 1995,
           Extramural project cost: $39,849, Principal Investigator: M. El-Halwagi.

           Ram B. Gupta (PI)Project Water Separation from In-process Streams in
                                        78
      Pulp & Paper Industry National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and
      Stream Improvement, Inc. $24,941 (Extramural: $15,000; Auburn: $9,941)
      March 1, 1998 - August 30, 1999

      U.S. Geological Survey-Water Resource Research Inbstiture, “Cost-
      Effective Strategies for Minimizing Water Usage and Discharge in the
      Polymer and Fiber Industries,” August 1998-August 2000, $ 70,677, with
      M. El-Halwagi..

      Dow Chemical Company, "Brownstock Washer Optimization for Reduced
      Lignin Carry Over by Use of Additives," September 1995 - February 1997,
      $ 36,715, G. Krishnagopalan

Publications and Patents


      Sikdar, S. K. and M. M. El-Halwagi, Eds., 2000, "Process Design Tools for
      the Environment", Taylor and Francis (in press).

      El-Halwagi, M. M., "1997, Pollution Prevention through Process
      Integration: Systematic Design Tools", Academic Press, San Diego.

      Dunn, R. F. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1996, "Cost-effective Reduction of
      VOC's from Industrial Facilities", TVA Pub.

      El-Halwagi, M. M. and D. P. Petrides, Eds., 1995, "Pollution Prevention
      via Process and Product Modifications", AIChE Symp. Ser., Vol. 90,
      Number 303, AIChE, NY

      Hamad, A. A., V. Varma, G. Krishnagopalan, and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1998,
      “Mass Integration Analysis: A technique for reducing methanol and
      effluent discharge in pulp mills”, TAPPI J., 81, pp. 170-179.

      Lovelady, E. M., G. Parthasarathy, A. Hamad, G. Krishnagopalan, and M.
      M. El-Halwagi, 1998, “Cost-effective Pollution Prevention in the Pulp and
      Paper Industry Via Mass Integration”, proceedings of the Topical
      Conference on Pollution Prevention and Environmental Risk Reduction,
      Ed.: Y. Cohen, AIChE, NY, pp. 661-667.

      Lovelady, E., G. Parthasarathy, G. Krishnagopalan, and M. M. El-Halwagi,
      1996, “Application of Mass Integration for the Cost Effective Pollution
      Prevention in the Pulp and Paper Industry”, ACS Ind. Eng. Chem.
      Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management
      VIII, Birmingham, pp. 379-382.

      Parthasarathy, G. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 2000, “Optimum Mass
                                   79
Integration Strategies for Condensation and Allocation of Multicomponent
VOCs”, Chem. Eng. Sci., 55, 881-895.

Shelley, M. D. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 2000, “Componentless Design of
Recovery and Allocation Systems: A Functionality-Based Clustering
Approach”, Comp. Chem. Eng. (in press)

Noureldin, M. B. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 2000, “Pollution Prevention
Targets through Integrated Design and Operation”, Comp. Chem. Eng.,
24, 1445-1453.

Spriggs, H. D. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 2000, “Pollution Prevention through
Mass Integration”, AIChE Symp. Ser., vol. 96, no. 323, Proceedings of
Fifth International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided
Process Design AFOCAPD, 367-370.

Noureldin, M. B. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1999, “Interval-Based Targeting
for Pollution Prevention via Mass Integration”, Comp. Chem. Eng., 23,
1527-1543.

El-Halwagi, M. M., 1999, “Sustainable Pollution Prevention through Mass
Integration”, in Tools and Methods for Pollution Prevention, Eds: Sikdar,
S. and U. Diwekar, Kluwer pub., pp. 233-275.

El-Halwagi, M. M., 1999, “Pollution Prevention through Mass Integration:
Systematic design Tools”, proceedings of International Conference on
Process Integration, International Energy Agency/Nordic Pub.,
Copenhagen, Denmark, vol. I, pp. 95-112

Shelley, M. D. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1999, “A Clustering Approach to the
Optimal Recovery and Allocation of Volatile Organic Compounds with
Infinite Compounds”, proceedings of Pan American Conference on
Process Systems Engineering, CEPAC Pub., Santa Fe, Argentina, vol. I,
pp. 59-85.

El-Halwagi, M. M., “Pollution Prevention through Process Integration”,
1998, J. Clean Prod. Proc., pp. (1) 5-19,
El-Halwagi, M. M. and H. D. Spriggs, 1998, "Solve design Puzzles with
Mass Integration", Chem. Eng. Prog., vol. 94, August, pp. 25-44

El-Halwagi, M. M. and H. D. Spriggs, 1998, “Educational Tools for
Pollution Prevention through Process Integration”, Chem. Eng. Educ.,
32(4), pp. 246-253.

Crabtree, E. W., M. M. El-Halwagi and R. F. Dunn, 1998, "Synthesis of
Hybrid Gas Permeation Membrane/Condensation Systems for Pollution
                             80
Prevention", J. Air Waste Mgt. Assoc., 48, pp. 616-626.

Hamad, A. A. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1998, "Simultaneous Synthesis of
Mass Separatin Agents and Interception Networks" , Chem. Eng. Res.
Des., Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 76, pp. 376-388

Hamad, A. A., R. B. Gupta, and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1997, "Toxicity of
Organic Compounds: A Group-Contribution Correlation for TLV-TWA
Estimation", Adv. Env. Res.

Zhu, M., M. M. El-Halwagi and M. Al-Ahmad, 1997, "Optimal Design and
Scheduling of Flexible Reverse Osmosis Networks", J. Membrane Sci.
129, 161-174.

Dunn, R. F., A. M. Dobson and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1997, "Optimal Design
of Environmentally-Acceptable Solvent Blends for Coating", Adv. Env.
Res., 1(2), 115-134.

El-Halwagi, M. M., A. A. Hamad and G. W. Garrison, 1996, "Synthesis of
Waste Interception and Allocation Networks", AIChE J. 42(11), 3087-
3101
Vaidyanathan, R. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1996, "Computer-Aided
Synthesis of Polymers and Blends with Target Properties", Ind. Eng.
Chem. Res., 35(2), 627-634

Garrison, G. W., B. R. Ellsion, H. D. Spriggs and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1997,
"Computer Aided Process Integration for Incorporating Environmental
Issues into Process Design", Proceedings of the ACS Ind. Eng. Chem.
Symposium on Computing in Science and Engineering, May 5-6,
Birmingham, pp. 63-66.

 Garrison, G. W., B. R. Ellsion, H. D. Spriggs and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1997,
"An Integrated Approach to the Cost Effective Pollution Prevention, Yield
Enhancement and Energy Conservation", Proceedings of the ACS Ind.

Eng. Chem. Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste
ManagementVIII,, Birmingham , pp. 520-524. Garrison, G. W., H. D.
Spriggs and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1996, "A Global Approach to Integrating
Environmental, Energy, Economic and Technological Objectives",
Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress of Chemical Engineering, San
Diego, Vol. I, pp. 675-680

El-Halwagi, M. M. and H. D. Spriggs, 1996, "An Integrated Approach to
Cost and Energy Efficient Pollution Prevention", Proceedings of the Fifth
World Congress of Chemical Engineering, San Diego, Vol. III, pp. 344-
349
                             81
Hamad, A. A., G. W.Garrison, E. W. Crabtree and M. M. El-Halwagi,
1996, "Optimal Design of Hybrid Separation Systems for Waste
Reduction", Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress of Chemical
Engineering, San Diego, Vol. III, pp. 453-458

Ellison, B. and M. M. El-Halwagi, "A Windows-Based Software for the
Optimal Design of VOC Recovery Systems", in "Recent Developments
and Future Opportunities in Separations Technology", Vol. II, Ed. R.
Agrawal and L. Dall-Bauman, AIChE, New York, pp. 577-582


Zhu, M., E. W. Crabtree and M. M. El-Halwagi, "Optimal Design of
Flexible VOC-Separation Membrane Systems", in "Recent Developments
and Future Opportunities in Separations Technology", Vol. I, Ed. R.
Agrawal and L. Dall-Bauman, AIChE, New York, pp. 363-368


El-Halwagi, M. M., 1995, "Introduction to Numerical Optimization
Approaches to Pollution Prevention", in "Waste Minimization through
Process Design", Ed. A. P. Rossiter, pp. 199-208, McGraw Hill, NY

Stanley, C. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1995, "Synthesis of Mass-Exchange
Networks Using Linear Programming Techniques", in "Waste Minimization
through Process Design", Ed. A. P. Rossiter, pp. 209-224, McGraw Hill,
NY
Zhu, M. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1995, "Synthesis of Flexible Mass-
Exchange Networks", Chem. Eng. Comm., 138, 193-211


Richburg, A. and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1995, "A Graphical Approach to the
Optimal Design of Heat-Induced Separation Networks for VOC Recovery",
AIChE Symp. Ser. Vol. 91, Number 304, pp. 256-259, AIChE, NY

Garrison, G. W., B. Cooley and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1995, "Synthesis of
Mass-Exchange Networks with Multiple Target Mass-Separating Agents",
Dev. Chem. Eng. & Min. Proc., 3(1), 31-49


El-Halwagi, M. M., B. K. Srinivas and R. F. Dunn, 1995, "Synthesis of
Optimal Heat Induced Separation Networks", Chem. Eng. Sci., 50(1), 81-
97

Dunn, R. F., M. Zhu, B. K. Srinivas and M. M. El-Halwagi, 1995, "Optimal
Design of Energy Induced Separation Networks for VOC Recovery",
AIChE Symp. Ser., Vol. 90, Number 303, pp. 74-85, AIChE, NY
                             82
              AEffluent Reduction and Control of Non-Process Elements Towards a
              Cleaner Kraft Pulp Mill, Clean Products and Processes, (1999): 264-277,
              G. Krishnagopalan with G. Parthasarathy.

              AMass Integration Analysis: A Technique for Reducing Methanal and
              Effluent Discharge in Pulp Mills, Tappi Journal, 81(10): 170-180 G.
              Krishnagopalan with A. Hamad, V. Varma and M. El-Halwagi.

              "Environmental Impact of Acidic Shower Water Usage on the Final Stage
              of Brownstock Washing System," Appita Journal, 49(1):43-49 G.
              Krishnagopalan with W.E Josephson, and H.T. Cullinan, January 1996.

              "Environmental Impact of Acidic Shower Water Usage on the Final Stage
              of Brownstock Washing System," International Environmental
              Conference, Atlanta, Book 1, Pages 175-186, Tappi Press, 1995 G.
              Krishnagopalan with W. Josephson and H. Cullinan.

              Roberts, C.B.; Griffith, A.T. “Process for Recovering Polymers From
              Commingled Materials,” United States Patent, Number 5,994,417, Issue
              Date: November 30, 1999.

              Park, Y.; Hool, J.N.; Curtis, C.W.; Roberts, C.B. "Depolymerization of
              Styrene-Butadiene Copolymer in Near-critical and Supercritical Water,"
              Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., in press, July, 2000.

              Griffith, A.T.; Park, Y.; Roberts, C.B. "Separation and Recovery of Nylon
              From Carpet Waste Using a Supercritical Fluid Antisolvent Technique,"
              Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering Journal, 38(3), 411-431,
              1999.

              Park, Y; Reaves, J.T.; Curtis, C.W.; Roberts, C.B. "Conversion of Tire
              Waste Material Using Sub-critical and Supercritical Water Oxidation,"
              Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 31(2), 162-179, 1999.

              Roberts, C.B.; Thompson, J.B. “Investigation of Cosolvent Effects on the
              Solvation of AOT Reverse Micelles in Supercritical Ethane,” J. Phys
              Chem., 102(46), 9074-9080, 1998.

N. C. State University:

       Grants and Contracts

              Effects of Corridors on Breeding Landbirds within an Intensively-Managed
              Forest Landscape, $95,000, Lancia, NACASI.

                                           83
Economic and Ecological Impacts and Benefits Associated with Wood
Chip Production in North Carolina, $80,000, Cubbage, NCDNR.

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Southern Forests
(Formerly Application of Remote Sensing Techn.), $20,000, Abt, NASA.

Landscape Ecology in the Mid-Atlantic Assessment (MAIA) Region,
$74,468, Hess, USDA.

Protecting Soil & Water Resources with Agroforestry Econometric
Techniques for Analyzing Soil Conservation Benefits, $20,000, Sills, US
Forest Service.

The Impacts of Climate Change on Southern United States Forests,
$30,605, Cubbage, NCSU.

Southern Global Change Program, $354,470, Cubbage, US Forest
Service.

Watershed Land Cover Characterization of the Hydrological Unit 07
Subbasin 07 Neuse River Basin In North Carolina, $31,350, Khorram,
NCDNR.

Development of Linkages Between Remote Sensing Data and Regional
Ecosystem Models, $54,641, Cheshire, USDA.

Genetic Improvement of Eastern North Carolina Christmas Tree Species,
$900, Frampton, Industry.

Effectiveness of Four “Best Management Practices” for Reducing
Nonpoint-Source Pollution from Piedmont Tobacco Fields, $40,000,
Franklin, NCSU.

Spatial Modeling of the ECO-Physiologic Hydrologic and Economic
Impacts of Climate Change on Forested Ecosystems, $244,813, Abt,
University of Alabama.

Support for Forest Resources Module, $11,429, Allen, Industry.

High Selectivity Oxygen Delignification, $66,574, Jameel, IPST.

Microwave-Treatment Hardwood Lumber: Measurement of the Diffusion
and Permeability Coefficients and Finite Element, $13,834, Peralta,
Lockheed Martin Corp.

Increasing Yield and Quality of Low-Temperature, Low-Alkali Kraft Cooks
                             84
with Microwave Pretreatment, $50,000, Jameel, Oak Ridge National
Laboratories.

White-tailed Deer in Agricultural Ecosystems Habitat Use Movements and
Behavior of Juvenile and Adult Females as Related, $4,280, Lancia,
NCSU.

Spatial Modelling of the ECO-Physiologic and Hydrologic and Economic
Impacts of Climate change on Forested Ecosystems, $269,474, Abt,
National Institute for Global Environmental Change.

Carrying Capacity of Natural Resources to Support Military Training at
Camp Butner, $86,361, Franklin, North Carolina National Guard.

Monitor Effects of Clearcutting with Helicopter and Simulated Skidder
Logging After Eight Years in a Southeastern, $40,000, Shear, NACASI.

Development of Linkages Between Remote Sensing Data and Regional
Ecosystem Models, $54,991, Cheshire, US Forest Service.

The Potential of Natural Forest Ecosystems to Conserve Biodiversity
Regulate Water Supply, $20,420, Shear, Rockefeller Foundation.

Belize Research Internship, $5,000, Sills, Park Foundation, Inc.

Cray Research Fellow, $8,000, Khorram, MCNC.

Landscape Ecology in the Mid-Atlantic Assessment (MAIA) Region,
$30,409, Hess, USDA.

Volalic Organic Compound (VOC) Control in Kraft Mills, $12,277,
Kirkman, IPST.

US Egypt Cooperative Research High Yield Pulping of Rie Straw and
Cotton Stalks, $21,109, Jameel, National Science Foundation.

Optimal Road Location with Wetland Impacts, $45,920, Roise, NCSU.

Effectiveness of Four “Best Management Practices” for Reducing
Nonpoint-Source Pollution from Piedmont Tobacco Fields, $40,000,
Franklin, NCSU.

Development of Disease Resistant Fraser Fir Christmas Trees, $5,000,
Frampton, NCSU.

Recruitment and Fawn Survival on Fort Bragg Military Reservation, North
                             85
Carolina, $7,205, Lancia, US Geological Survey.

Landscape Level Avian Research on the Peninsula of the Great and Little
Pee Dee Rivers South Carolina, $66,090, Lancia, NACASI.

Continued Research on The Core Point Forested Wetlands Restoration
and Creation Poject, $99,969, Shear, Industry.

Swine Waste Effluent Application to Hardwood Plantation System (SA),
$10,000, Frederick, Industry.

Center for Transportation and the Environment: Water Quality Wetlands
and Surface Transportation Fellowship, $15,000, Roise, NCSU.

Wildlife and Landscape Ecology in the Mid-Atlantic Integrated
Assessment (MAIA) Region, $75,997, Hess, US Forest Service.

Conservation of Threatened Pine Species, $200,000, Dvorak, Anonymous
Foundation.

Effects of Corridors on Breeding Landbirds within an Intensively-Managed
Forest Landscape, $30,000, Lancia, NACASI.

Economic and Ecological Impacts and Benefits Associated with Wood
Chip Production in North Carolina, $65,000, Cubbage, NCDNR.

Automated Roadway Feature Extraction from High-Resolution Remotely
Sensed Imagery, $15,907, Khorram, MCNC.

Proposal to Enhance the Populations of Michaux‟s Sumac in North
Carolina, $33,994, Braham, NC Department of Transportation.

Inventory of Wood Waste Produced in North Carolina, $15,000, Roise,
NC Department of Commerce.

Volalic Organic Compound (VOC) Control in Kraft Mills, $46,933,
Kirkman, IPST.

Ozone Bleaching, $36,000, Jameel, Industry.

Corn Stalk Pulping Trials (SA), $13,391, Byrd, Industry.

Banana Stem/Leaf Pulping Trials (SA), $4,080, Byrd, Industry.

Economic Analyses of and Institutional Mechanisms for Wetlands
Mitigation and Banking in North Carolina, $25,075, Cubbage, NCSU.
                             86
Forest Plantings for Mitigation at Coddle Creek Reservoir, Cabarrus
County, North Carolina, $9,000, Frederick, Cabarrus County.

Genetic Improvement of duckweed (Lemna Gibba) for Wastewater
Treatment, $73,125, Stomp, EPA.

Erosion and Sedimentation Management at Colonial National Historic
Park, $4,879, Gregory, US Dept. of Interior.

NASA Graduate Student Fellowship in Global Change Research Using
Statistical Modeling to Evaluate Satellite Change, $22,000, Morisette,
NASA.

Cooperative Agreement for Technical Support for the Forest Health
Monitoring Program, $21,930, Cooper, USDA.

Effects of Corridor Habitat on the Diversity and Community Composition
of Breeding Avifauna within an Intensively, $43,000, Lancia, National Fish
& Wildlife Foundation.

Landscape Level Avian Research on the Peninsula of the Great and Little
Pee Dee Rivers South Carolina, $96,170, Lancia, NACASI.

Restoration of Atlantic White Cedar and Bottomland Hardwood Wetlands,
$15,000, Shear, US Dept. of Interior.

Continued Research on the Core Point Forested Wetlands Restoration
and Creation Project, $100,591, Shear, Industry.

Inventory of Wood Waste Produced in North Carolina Part II, $15,000,
Roise, NC Department of Commerce.

Hydrology and Water Management for Prescribed Burning in Pond Pine
Woods, $103,000, Gregory, USDA.

Impacts of Flooding on Old Growth Systems, $39,121, Shear, Foster
Wheeler Environmental.

Carrying Capacity of Natural Resources to Support Military Training,
$212,544, Franklin, USDA.

Carrying Capacity of Natural Resources to Support Military Training
(Phase 2) Mapping of Red Cockaded Woodpecker Cavity, $20,736,
Franklin, USDA.

                             87
Assessing the Ecological Conditions of Agricultural Landscapes in the
United States, $7,500, Hess, USDA.

White-tailed Deer in Agricultural Ecosystems Habitat Use Movements and
Behavior of Juvenile and Adult Females as Related, $18,749, Lancia,
NCSU.

Effects of Corridor Habitat on the Diversity and Community Composition
of Breeding Avifauna within & Intensively Managed, $45,500, Lancia,
National Fish & Wildlife Foundation.

Nonchlorine Beaching of Kraft Pulps, $37,000, Chang, Industry.

Nonisothermal Radiofrequency Drying of Wood, $37,478, Peralta, USDA.

Volalic Organic Compound (VOC) Control in Kraft Mills, $15,927,
Kirkman, IPST.

Development of Guidelines for the Restoration of Forested Wetlands in
North Carolina, $81,516, Shear, NCSU.

Economic Analyses of and Institutional Mechanisms for Wetlands
Mitigation and Banking in North Carolina, $25,075, Cubbage, NCSU.

Plant Community Distribution Across Soil, Water, & Nutrient Gradients in
a So. Appalachian Bog: A Pre-Restoration Study, $24,008, Shear, NCSU.

Optimal Road Location with Wetland Impacts, $49,002, Roise, NCSU.

CTE Fellowship for Kelly Beissel, Master‟s Candidate, Department of
Forestry, $15,000, Shear, NCSU.

Land Cover Inventory and Charge Protection of Coastal North Carolina
Using Landsat Thematic Mapper Data, $65,000, Khorram, NCSU.

Creation of an Outreach Environmental Information System, $5,000,
Stomp, NCSU.

Conservation Development and Heritage Tourism in Stokes Co., North
Carolina: A Workshop Pilot Program, $3,000, Sampson, NCSU.

Recruitment and Fawn Survival on Fort Bragg Military Reservation, North
Carolina, $50,325, Lancia, US Geological Survey.

Survival and Dispersal of Juvenile White-tailed Deer, $10,900, Lancia,
Industry.
                             88
Genetic Improvement of Duckweed (Lemna Gibba) for Wastewater
Treatment, $70,837, Stomp, EPA.

Demonstration of Stormwater Wetlands for Pollution Prevention of Urban
& Agricultural Nonpoint Source Runoff, $30,072, Frederick, NCDNR.

The Effects of Timber Harvesting & Regeneration on Breeding Bird
Populations in Southeastern Bottomland Hardwoods, $11,400, Kellison,
NACASI.

Spatial Modeling of the Biological and Economic Consequences of
Climate Change on Forested Ecosystems of the Southeast, $83,619, Abt,
University of Alabama.

Erosion and Sedimentation Management at Colonial National Historic
Park, $14,000, Gregory, US Dept. of Interior.

National Research Initiative Competitive Grant, $160,143, Amerson,
USDA.

NASA Graduate Student Fellowship in Global Change Research Using
Statistical Modeling to Evaluate Satellite Change, $22,000, Morisette,
NASA.

Cost and Effectiveness of Trenched Level Spreaders for Cleaning
Agricultural Runoff in Forested Filter Zones, $172,665, Franklin, NCDNR.

Carrying Capacity of Natural Resources to Support Military Training,
$10,368, Franklin, USDA.

Quantitative Assessment of the Hydrologic Functions of Bottomland
Hardwood Forested Wetlands, $4,000, Gregory, US Forest Service.

Investigation of Spatial Analysis Techniques for Forest Ecos Ecosystems
Management, $59,262, Roise, Industry.

Gravity Fed Constructed Wetland Treatment Followed by Gravelless
Trenches for Subsurface Disposal, $11,721, Frederick, Gates County.

Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genotypes to Environmental
Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry.

Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genotypes to Environmental
Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry.

                             89
      Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genotypes to Environmental
      Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry.

      Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genotypes to Environmental
      Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry.

      Adaptive Responses of Loblolly Pine Genotypes to Environmental
      Change, $21,000, McKeand, Industry.

      Swine Waste Effluent Application to Hardwood Plantation Systems (SA),
      $10,000, Frederick, Industry.

      Swine Waste Effluent Application to Hardwood Plantation Systems (SA),
      $10,000, Frederick, Industry.

      Construction and Assessment of a Nutrient Management System for Neon
      Impressions Triangle School Renovation Project, $32,666, House,
      Industry.

      Restoration of Atlantic White Cedar and Bottomland Hardwood Wetlands,
      $15,000, Shear, NCDNR.

      The Contribution of Intercoropped Indigenous Fruit Trees to Household
      Food Security Among Smallholder Farmers in Zimbaba, $21,300,
      Gonese, Rockefeller Foundation.

      Benefits of Applying Enzyme Production By-products to Forested Sites,
      $4,000, Franklin, Industry.

      Nonchlorine Bleaching of Kraft Pulps, $90,000, Chang, Industry.

Publications and Patents

      Cowling, E.B., A. Kelman, and H.R. Powers, Jr. 1999. George Henry
      Hepting: Pioneer leader in forest pathology. Annual Review of
      Phytopathology 37:19-28.

      Cowling, E.B., ed. 1999. First Compendium of scientific papers published
      in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres and Geophysical
      Research Letters. Southern Oxidants Study Nashville/MiddleTennessee
      Ozone Study. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. 650 pp.

      Solomon, P.A., E.B. Cowling, G.M. Hidy, and C.S. Furiness. 1999.
      Comprehensive overview of scientific Findings from major ozone field
      studies in North America and Europe. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA, and Southern
      Company Services, Inc., Birmingham, AL. 1999. TR114238. 193 pp.

                                   90
Cowling, E. B. 1999. Transdisiplinarity: Philosophy, Practice, and Future
Challenges. Pp. 180-187. What global Issues Need Trnsdisiplinarity.
Pp.264-268. In Proceedings of a International Forum on
Transdisciplinarity sponsored by the United Nations Environmental
Program, the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems and the Center for
Medicine, Ethics, and Law, McGill University, Royaumont Abbey, Paris,
France, May 25-29, 1998.

Erisman, Jan Wilhelm, Tom Brydges, Keith Bull, Ellis Cowling, Peringe
Grennfelt, Lars Nordberg, Kenichi Satake, Tony Schneider, Stan
Smeulders, Klass van der Hoek, Jan R. Wisniewski, and Joe Wisniewski.
1999. Summary Statement for Nitrogen the Confer-N-s, The First
International Nitrogen Conference, Nordwijkerhout, The Netherlands,
March 23-27, 1998. Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning
and Environment (VROM), The Hague, The Netherlands, 16pp.

Cowling, E.B., C.S. Furiness, L. Smith and M. Henderson. 1999.
Estimation of Atmospheric Deposition of Ammonium and Nitrate in North
Carolina Coastal Plain River Basins. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on
Atmospheric Nitrogen Compounds II: Emissions, Transport,
Transformation, Deposition and Assessment. June 7-9, 1999. Chapel Hill,
NC.

Cowling, E. B., W. L. Chameides, C. S. Kiang, J. F. Meagher, and F. C.
Fehsenfeld. Introduction to special section: Southern Oxidants Study
Nashville/Middle Tennessee Ozone Study. Journal of Geophysical
Research -- Atmospheres 103:22,209-22,212.

Meagher, J. F., E. B. Cowling, F. C. Fehsenfeld, and W. J. Parkhurst.
Ozone formation and transport in southeastern United States: Overview
of the SOS Nashville/Middle Tennessee Ozone Study. Journal of
Geophysical Research -- Atmospheres 103:22,213-22,223.

Saylor, R. D., W. L. Chameides, and E. B. Cowling. Implications of the
new ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards for compliance in rural
areas. Journal of Geophysical Research -- Atmospheres 103:31,137-
31,141.

Erisman, J. W., T. Brydges, K. Bull, E. Cowling, P. Grennfelt, L. Norberg,
K. Satake, T. Schneider, S. Smeulders, K. W. Van der Hoek, J. R.
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International Nitrogen Conference. Environmental Pollution 102 S1
(1998) 3-12.

Furiness, C., L. Smith, Limei Ran and E. Cowling. Comparison of
emissions of nitrogen and sulfur oxides to deposition of nitrate and sulfate
in the USA in 1990. Environmental Pollution 102 S1 (1998) 313-320.

Cowling, E. B., J. W. Erisman, S. M. Smeulders, S. C. Holman, and B. M.
Nicholson. Optimizing air quality management in Europe and North
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America: Justification for integrated management of both oxidized and
reduced forms of nitrogen. Environmental Pollution 102 S1 (1998) 599-
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Heck, W. W., C. S. Furiness, E. B. Cowling, and C. K. Sims. Effects of
ozone on crop, forest, and natural ecosystems: Assessment of research
needs. Feature Article. Environmental Manager Magazine (October
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Cowling, E. B. Transdisiplinarity: Philosophy, Practice, and Future
Challenges. Pp. 180-187. What global Issues Need Trnsdisiplinarity.
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Transdisciplinarity sponsored by the United Nations Environmental
Program, the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems and the Center for
Medicine, Ethics, and Law, McGill University, Royaumont Abbey, Paris,
France, May 25-29, 1998.

Erisman, Jan Wilhelm, Tom Brydges, Keith Bull, Ellis Cowling, Peringe
Grennfelt, Lars Nordberg, Kenichi Satake, Tony Schneider, Stan
Smeulders, Klass van der Hoek, Jan R. Wisniewski, and Joe Wisniewski.
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Nitrogen Conference, Nordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, March 23-27,
1998. Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment
(VROM), The Hague, The Netherlands, 16pp.

Cowling, E.B., and W.W. Heck. 1997. The need for a long-term
cumulative secondary ozone standard – An ecological perspective.
Environmental Manager Magazine (January 1997) Pg. 23-33.

Cowling, E.B., W.L. Chameides, and R.D. Saylor. 1997. Ozone pollution
in the rural United States and the new NAAQS. Policy Forum. Science
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Cowling, E.,B. The Southern Oxidants Study (SOS): A unique
experiment in regional air quality research. Pp. 26-29. In: K.H. Becker, Ed.
Proceedings of the Fifth United States – German Workshop on
Photochemical Ozone Problem and its Control. Berlin, Germany.
September 24-27, 1996. Bergische Universitat-GH, Wuppertal, Germany.

Cowling, E.,B., J.F. Meagher, F.C. Fehsenfeld, and W.J. Parkhurst. The
SOS Nashville/Middle Tennessee Ozone Field Study. EUROTRAC
Newsletter 18:26-32.

Cowling, E.B. and J. Nilsson. 1996. Acidification Research: Lessons
From History and Visions of Environmental Futures. Water, Air and Soil
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Cowling, E.B., J.T. Sigmon, and C.E. Putman. 1996. Maximizing Benefits
from Research: Lessons from Medicine and Agriculture. Issues in
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Fang, C., R.K. Monson, and E.B. Cowling. 1996. Isoprene emission,
photosynthesis, and growth in sweetgum (Liquidamber stryaciflua L.) trees
exposed to short and long term drying cycles. Tree Physiology 16:441-
446.

Bergmann, BA, X. Lin and R Whetten. 1999. Susceptibility of Paulownia
Elongata To Agrobacterium And Production of Transgenic Calli and Hairy
Roots by In Vitro Inoculation. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
55(1):45-51.

House, C.H., B.A. Bergmann, A.M. Stomp and D.J. Frederick. 1999.
“Combining Constructed Wetlands” and “Aquatic and Soil Filters for
Reclamation and Reuse of Water”. Ecological Engineering 12(1-2):27-38.

Pharr, D.M., R. T. N. Prata, D.B. Jennings, J.D. Williamson, E. Zamski,
Y.T. Yamamoto and M.A. Conkling. 1999. Regulation of mannitol
dehydrogenase: relationship to plant growth and stress tolerance.
HotScience 34:1027-1032.

Bergmann, B.A. 1999. Potential for Rapid Generic Improvement of
Paulownia Elongata. American Paulownia Association Newsletter. Vol. 8,
No. 1:4.

Mueller, J.P., J.M. Luginbuhl and B.A. Bergmann. 1999. Establecimiento y
caracteristicas del crecimiento temprano de paulownia spp para ramoneo
de cabras. III Taller Internactional Silvopastoril: Los Arboles y Arbustos en
la Ganaderia. 25-27 November, Matanzas, Cuba.

Mueller, J.P., J.M. Luginbuhl and B.A. Bergmann. 1999. Paulownia Spp
as Browse for Goats. III Taller Internacional Silvopastoril: Los Arboles y
Arbustos en la Ganaderia. 25-27 November, Matanzas, Cuba.

Bergmann, BA, R Whetten. 1998. In vitro rooting and early greenhouse
growth of micropropagated Paulownia elongata shoots. New Forests
15:127-138.

Bergmann, BA. Propagation method influences first year field survival and
growth of Paulownia. New Forests

Moon HK, Rajbhandari N and Stomp AM 1998 Effect of media
components and phytohormones on in vitro frond proliferation of Lemna
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gibba G3 and 24 additional L. gibba strains. Plant Res. 1(2):98-104.

Cheng, J, A-M Stomp, JJ Classen, JC Barker, BA Bergmann. 1998.
Nutrient removal from swine wastewater with growing duckweed.
Proceedings 1998 ASAE Annual International Meeting, 12-16 July,
Orlando, FL.

Bermann BA, H-K Moon. 1997. In vitro adventitous shoot production in
Paulownia. Plant Cell Reports 16:316-319.

Bergmann B A, Y-H Sun, A-M Stomp. 1997. Harvest time and nitrogen
source influence on in vitro growth of apical buds from Fraser fir
seedlings. Hort. Science 32(1):125-128.

Moon, H.K, and A-M Stomp. 1997. Effects of medium components and
light on callus induction, growth, and frond regeneration in Lemna gibba
(duckweed). In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. – Plant 33:20-25.

Rajbhandari, N. and A-M Stomp. 1997. Embroyogenic callus induction in
Fraser fir. HortScience 32(4):737-738

Stomp. A-M. 1997. Plant of the future. Proceedings of 1997 National
Perennial Growers Association Meeting. August 6, 1997, Research
Triangle Park, NC.

House, C.H., S.W. Broome, D.J. Frederick and A.R. Rubin. 1997.
Vertical Flow – Horizontal Flow Constructed Wetlands: Combined
Treatment System Design and Performance. In: Proceedings: Water
Environment Federation. 70th Annual Conference, Chicago, IL. October,
1997, pp 36-42.

Rubin, A.R., D.J. Frederick, J.T. Lyon, R.P. O‟Pette, P.C. Steponkus, D.A.
Freese, C.R. Campbell and G.G. Draman. 1997. In: Beneficial Co-
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Woody, T.W., R. Rubin and D.J. Frederick. 1997. Surface Irrigation
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Bergmann, B.A., W.P. Hackett, H. Pellett. 1996. Somatic embryogenesis
in Aesculus. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol – Plant 32:161-164.

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House, C.H., B.A. Bergmann, A.M. Stomp and D.J. Frederick. 1999.
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Edwards, P.J., J.D. Gregory and H.L Allen. 1999. Seasonal sulfate
deposition and export patterns for a small Appalachian watershed. Water,
Soil and Air Pollution 110:137-155.

Stuckey, J., H. Patti and T. Shear. 1999. Regression coefficients for
estimating llex opaca biomass. Castanea 64(4):350-352.

Paugh, L., D.M. Amatya, J.D. Gregory, G.M. Chescheir and R.W. Skaggs.
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Rahbhandari, N.B. and J.D. Gregory. 1999. Meteorological and watershed
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Sun, G., S.G. McNulty, L.W. Swift, jr. and J. Boggs. 1999. Risk
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1999 ASAE Annual International of Meeting, Paper No. 995050. ASAE,
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Sun, G., S.G. McNulty, D.M. Amatya, R.W. Skaggs, L.W. Swift, Jr. J.P.
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Hydrology of the Coastal Forested Wetlands/Pine Flatwoods and the
Mountainous Uplands in the Southern U.S. Paper No. 992269. Presented
at the 1999 ASAE Annual International of Meeting. ASAE, 2950 Niles Rd.,
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Sun, G., D.M. Amatya, S.G. McNulty, R.W. Skaggs and J. H. Hughes.
1999. Climate change impacts on the hydrology and productivity of a pine
plantation. In: Proceedings of Climate on Water Resources. May 10-12.
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Sun., G., J. Moore and S.G. McNulty. Incorporating Topography into the
PnET Forest Ecosystem Model for Regional Assessment on Hydrology.
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House, C.H., S. W. Broome, J. Spooner, A. R. Rubin, and D. J. Frederick,
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House, C.H. S.W. Broome, D.J. Frederick and A.R. Rubin. 1997. Vertical
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Rubin, A.R., D.J. Frederick, J.T. Lyon, R.P. O‟Pette, P.C. Steponkus, D.A.
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Woody, T.W., R. Rubin and D.J. Frederick. 1997. Surface Irrigation
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Amatya, D.M., R.W. Skaggs, and J.D. Gregory. 1996. Effects of
controlled drainage on the hydrology of a drained pine plantation in the
North Carolina Coastal Plain. Journal of Hydrology 181:211-232.

Calvo, J.C. and J.D. Gregory. 1996. Predicting Mean Annual Runoff and
Suspended Sediment Yield in Rural Watersheds in North Carolina. UNC
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Shear, T.H., T.J. Lent and S. Fraver. 1996. Comparison of restored and
mature bottomland hardwood forests of southwestern Kentucky.
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Bizic, J. and D.J. Frederick 1996. Forest Application of Swine Waste.
Proceedings: Solutions: A Technical Conference on Water Quality. North
Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, March, 5pp.

Frederick, D.J. and R. Lea 1996. Scuppernong River Corridor Mitigation
project – A Private Sector Approach to Providing Compensatory Wetland
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Rajbhandari, N.B., J.D. Gregory, E.C. Franklin, and J.E. Parson. 1996.
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Filter Zone Enhances Sediment and Nutrient Removal. Pp. 171-174. In
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Neal. J.W., J.A. Rice and R.L. Noble. 1999. Evaluation of two sizes of
hybrid striped bass for introduction into small ponds. North American
Journal of Aquaculture. 61:74-78.

Neal, J.W., R.L. Noble and J.A. Rice. 1999. Fish community response to
hybrid striped bass for introduction into small warmwater impoundment.
North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 19:1044-1053.

Rosenberry, C.S., R.A. Lancia and M.C. Conner. 1999. Population effects
of white-tailed deer dispersal. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 27:858-864.

Peine, J.D. and R.A. Lancia. 1999. Control of Exotic Species: European Wild
Boars. Pages 267-290 in Ecosystem Management For Sustainability: Principles
and practices illustrated by a regional biosphere reserve cooperative. Lewis
Publishers. Boca Raton, FL.

Lancia, R.A., C.S. Rosenberry and M.C. Conner. 1999. Population Parameters
and Their Estimation. Pages 64-83 in Ecology and Management of Large
Mammals In North America. S. Demarais and P.R. Krausman, eds. Prentice Hall,
NJ. 778pp.

Wigley, T.B., and R. A. Lancia. 1998. Wildlife communities Pages 205-236 in M.G.
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Noble, R.L. and T. Wayne Jones. 1999. Managing With Regulations. Pgs.
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Wong, R.K. and R.L. Noble. 1999. White perch invasion of B. Everett
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Ashe, D.E., T.N. Churchill, R.L. Noble and C.G. Lilyestrom. Temporal
variablity in the littoral fish community of a Puerto Rico reservoir. Proc.
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Neal, J.W. and R.L. Noble. The use of alizarin complexone immersion for
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marking otoliths of Mozambique tilapia. Proc. Annu. Conf. Southeast.
Assoc. Fish and Wildlife Agen. 52.

Bergmann, B.A., S.D. Carson and A.-M. Stomp. Heritability of in vitro
characteristics and correlation with field performance in Pinus radiata.
Can. J. For. Res. 25:1944-1952.

Cowling, E.B. Lessons learned in acidification research: Implications for
future environmental research and assessments. In: Acid Rain Research:
Do we have enough answers?, edited by T. Schneider and B. Heij.
Studies in Environmental Science. Elsevier, Amsterdam, NL. P. 307-319.

Cowling, E.B. and J. Nilsson. Acidification Research: Lessons From
History and Visions of Environmental Futures. Water, Air and Soil
Pollution. In: Proceedings of the 5th Intl. Conference on Acidic Deposition.
Goteburg, Sweden. June 25-30, 1995.

Cowling, E.B. and C. Sims. Nashville Study on Ground Level Ozone
Pollution. Seven-minute video on the Southern Oxidants Study (SOS)
Research Program. Department of Forestry, N.C. State University,
Raleigh, N.C. March 1995.

Frederick, D.J. Silvicultural practices – intermediate operations
release/sanitation/salvage/pruning. In: Silviculture in the Appalachian
Mountains Workshop Notes. Vol II., edited by J.E. Johnson. College of
Forestry and Wildlife Resources, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
University, Blacksburg, Va. P. 4-27 to 4-31.

Frederick, D.J., R. Rubin and H. House. Land Application of agricultural
and municipal wastewater using hardwood tree plantations. In:
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and Pollution Control Association of South Carolina. October 1995.
Hilton Head, S.C. 10 p.

Frederick, D.J. Municipal and industrial wastewater treatment using
hardwood tree plantations. In: Proceedings of the 1995 South Carolina
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Amatya, D.M., R.W. Skaggs and J.D. Gregory. Comparison of methods
for estimating REF-ET. J. of Irrigation & Drainage Engr. 121(6):427-435.

Amatya, D.M., R.W. Skaggs and J.D. Gregory. A watershed scale
hydraulic model for drained forested land. In: Proceedings of the
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Gregory, J.D. Inventory and monitoring on barrier islands: hydrology, soils
and meteorology. In: Coastal Park Inventory and Monitoring Handbook,
edited by T.R. Simons. USDI National Park Service. Technical Report
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Mitchell, M.S., E.J. Jones, K.S. Karriker, and R.A. Lancia. Effects of
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Phelps, J.P. and R.A. Lancia. Effects of a clearcut on the herpetofauna of
a South Carolina bottomland swamp. Brimleyana 22:31-45.

Chilton, W.S., A.-M. Stomp, V. Beringue, H. Bouzar, V. Vaudequin-
Dransert, A. Petit and Y. Dessaux. The Chrysopine Family of Amadori-
type Crown Gall Opines. Phytochem. 40:619-625.

Lin, X., B.A. Bergmann and A.-M. Stomp. Effect of medium physical
support, shoot length and genotype on in vitro rooting and plantlet
morphology of sweetgum. J. Environ. Hort. 13(3):117-121.

Kadla, J.K., H. Jameel and H.-M. Chang. “The Reactions of Lignins with
High Temperature Hydrogen Peroxide. Part II. The Oxidation of Kraft
Lignin”, Holzforschung, 52:610, 1998.

Kadla, J.F., H-m. Chang and H. Jameel. "Hydrogen Peroxide
Degradation of Kraft Lignin", The
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of Pulping and
Papermaking of Fast-Growing Wood, Nov. 23-25, 1998, Guangzhou,
China, pp. 9-16.

Cui, Y., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, and R. Patt. "A Manganese (IV)-
Me4DTNE Complex-Catalyzed Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds
with Hydrogen Peroxide", J. Mol. Cat. A: Chem.; in press, 1999.

Balakshin, M. Yu., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, A.G. Kirkman, and H. Jakob.
"Kinetic Studies on Oxidation of Veratryl Alcohol and Biobleaching of Pulp
by Laccase-Mediator System", Book of Abstracts, the 215th ACS National
Meeting, Abstract No.: CELL 041, Dallas, TX, March 29-April 2, 1998.

Balakshin, M. Yu., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, A.G. Kirkman, and H. Jakob.
"Kinetics of Pulp Delignification with Laccase-Mediator System",
Proceedings of the 5th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp,
Aveiro, Portugal, August 30-September 2, 1998, pp. 585-588.

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Cui, Y., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, and R. Patt. "Hydrogen Peroxide
Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds", Proceedings of the 5 th European
Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp, Aveiro, Portugal, August 30-
September 2, 1998, pp. 389-392.

Jameel, H. "Fiberline Modifications to Reduce Environmental Impact of
Cluster Rules", 1998 TAPPI Cluster Rule Symposium, Atlanta.

Kumar, K.R., H-m. Chang and H. Jameel. "Estimation of Phenolic
Hydroxyl Content in Various Pulps", Proceedings of the 1998 International
Pulp Bleaching Conference, June 1-5, 1998, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 603-60.

Kadla, J.F., H-m. Chang and H. Jameel. "Hydrogen Peroxide Degradation
of Kraft Lignin", the Proceedings of the International Symposium on
Emerging Technologies of Pulp and Papermaking of Fast-Growing Wood,
Nov. 23-25, 1998, Guangzhou, China, pp. 9-16.

Kadla, J.F., C.R. Cornman. "An EPR Investigation into the Reaction of
Cyanamide with Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide", J. Chem. Soc. Perkin
Trans. II, 10:2309, 1998.

Kadla, J.F. "Hydrogen Peroxide Degradation of Kraft Lignin", Oral
Presentation at the ISETPP Symposium Conference, Guangzhou, China,
1998.

Gu, Y., B. Malmberg, L. Edwards, K. Dunaway, J.Y. Zhu, Z.S. Chai, D.
Rovell-Rixx, and A. Kirkman. "VOC Emission Models: Tuning and
Validation Using Data from an ECF Kraft Mill", TAPPI '98 Environmental
Conference Proceedings, San Francisco, CA, October, 1998.

Ramasubramanian, M.K. and P. Targos. "Software Implementation of a
Design for Life-Cycle Analysis Scheme", International Journal of
Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing, Vol. 6, No. 3,
1997, pp. 45-53.

Uraki, Y., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl, J. S. "Sonolysis of Chloro-Organics in
Bleach Plant E-1 Effluents". Holzforschung, 51, 452-458. 1997.

Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J. S., Kirkman, A. G., and Miyakoshi, T., "Oxidation of
Organic Compounds by Laccase-Mediator System - Reactions,
Mechanism, and Applications.

Kadla, J. F., Chang, H-m., and Jameel, H. "High Temperature Reactions
of Lignin and Lignin Model Compounds with Stabilized Hydrogen
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Montreal, Canada, P D3-1, 1997.

Kadla, J. F., Chang, H-m., Jameel, H. "The Reactions of Lignins with
Hydrogen Peroxide at High Temperature. Part I. The Oxidation of Lignin
Model Compounds". Holzforschung Vol. 51 No. 5 p. 428, 1997.

Ramasubramanian, M. K. and Targos, P. "Software Implementation of a
Design for Lif-Cycle Analysis Scheme", International Journal of
Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing. Vol. 6, No. 3,
1997, pp. 45-53.

Parsad, B., Kirkman, A., Jameel, H., Gratzl, J.S. and Magnotta, V., 1996
Mill Closure with High Kappa Pulping and Extended Delignification.
TAPPI 79 (9): 144-152

Uraki, Y., Chen, C-1., and Gratzl, J.S., 1996 Sonolysis of Cloro-Organics
in Bleach Plant E-1 Effluents, Holzforschung in press.

Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G., Potthast, A. and Rosenau, T.
Selective Enzymatic Oxidation of Aromatic Methyl Groups to Aldehydes
by Oxygen in the Presence of Laccase Mediator Catalyst. US Patent
Application No. 08/677, 338: Canadian Patent Application No. 297/53.
July, 1996

Uraki, Y., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1996 Dechlorination of
Chloroorganics from E-1 Effluents by Sonolysis. Proc. 211th ACS National
Meeting, Abstract. CELL No. 218

Thomas, V.R. Jr., Schreiner, A.F., van Bremen, R., Xie, T-y., Chen. C.-L.,
and Gratzl, J.S. 1995, Photolytic Dechlorination of 4-Chlorophenol in
Aqueous Solution using 195 nm ArF Excimer Laser. Holzforschung, 1995,
49, 139-145.

Thomas, V.R., Schreiner, A.F., Xie, T-y., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl, J.S.
Photolytic Dechlorination of 4-Chlorophenol in Oxygen saturated aqueous
solutions in the Absence of Photocatalysts or Additives using ArF (193
nnm) and KrF (248 nm) Excimer Lasers. J.Photochem. Photobiol.
Chem., 1995, 90, 183-191.

Gratzl, J.S. Advanced Pulping and Bleaching Technologies to meet the
Environmental Challenges of the New Century. Published in Challenges
and Opportunities for Chemistry and Chemical Technology – Symposium
of the International Council on the Chemistry of Vegetal Resources
(Biomass), (COCVER) sponsored by UNESCO, Abo Akademi Press,
Turku, Finland, 1995.

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Rajan, P.S., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl, J.S. 1995 Formation of Chloro-
Organics during Chlorine Bleaching of Softwood Kraft Pulps. Proc. 8th.
Int. Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry, Vol.1, pp.713-720,
Helsinki, Finland, June 6-9, 1995

Gratzl, J.S. 1995 Total Chlorine-free Bleaching of Straw Pulps, Seminar
given at the Central Research Institute of the Pulp and Paper Industry of
China (PIRIC), Beijing, China, March 1995

B. Prasad, A. Kirkman, H. Jameel, J. Gratzl and V. Magnotta, “Mill Closure
with High-Kappa Pulping and Extended Oxygen Delignification”, Tappi J.,
vol 79: No 9, p.144, 1996

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Hydrogen Perozide Bleaching of Chemical Pulps, The Proceedings of the
International Symposium on Cellulose and Lignocelluosics ‟96, June 6-8,
1996, Guangzhou, China, p.183-185

Pan, G.Y., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl and H-m. Chang, 1995, Model
Compound Studies on the Cleavage of Glycosidic Bonds by Ozone in
Aqueous Solution, Res. Chem. Intermed., 21 (3-5):205-222.

Kadla, J.K., H. Jameel and H-m. Chang, 1997, The Reactions of Lignins
with High Temperature Hydrogen Peroxide. Part I. The Oxidation of Lignin
Model Compounds, Holzforschung, 51:428

H. Jameel, H-m. Chang and Z.P. Geng, Modifying Existing Bleach Plants
for ECF Sequence with Low Chlorine Dioxide, the Proceedings of the
1996 TAPPI Pulping Conference, Oct., Nashville, TN, p.651-661

J.F. Kadla, H-m. Chang, H. Jameel and J.S. Gratzl, High Temperature
Reactions of Lignin and Lignin Model Components with Stabilized
Hydrogen Peroxide, The Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium
on Wood and Pulping Chemistry, June 9-12, 1997, Montreale Quebec,
Canada, pp. D3-1-D3-4

K.R. Kumar, H-m. Chang and H. Jameel, Estimation of Phenolic Hydroxyl
Content in Various Pulps, the Proceedings of the 1998 International Pulp
Bleaching Conference, June 1-5, 1998, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 603-608

Wiemann, M.C., E.A. Wheeler, S.R. Manchester, and K.M. Portier.
"Dicotyledonous Wood Anatomical Characters as Predictors of Climate",
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 139, 1998, pp. 83-
100.
                             102
             Wiemann, M.C., S.R. Manchester, D.L. Dilcher, L.F. Hinojosa, and E.A.
             Wheeler. "Estimation of Temperature and Precipitation from
             Morphological Characters of Dicotyledonous Leaves", American Journal
             of Botany, 85, 1998, pp. 1796-1802.

             Wiemann, M.C., E. A. Wheeler, S. R. Manchester, and K. M. Portier.
             2998. Dicotyledonous Wood anatomical characters as predictors of
             climate. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 139:83-
             100.

             Wiemann, M. C., S. R. Manchester, D. L. Dilcher, L. F. Hinojosa, and E.
             A. Wheeler. In press. Calculation of climate from dicotyledonous leaf
             morphological characters. Amer. J. Bot.

University of Washington:

      Grants and Contracts

             6/94 - 3/95 Royalty Research Fund; $13,000; “Pulping and Bleaching of
             OCC”

             9/94 - 9/96 USDA Competitive Grants; $100,000; “Single Fiber Kappa
             Analyzer”

             9/94 - 9/97 Weyerhaeuser Co., $40,000; “Kappa Variability Studies”

             6/96 - 6/97 Clariant Co, $12,000, “Pulp Treatment Study”

             9/96 – 9/98 Champion International $30,000, “Kappa Uniformity Studies”

             7/97- 6/00 Department of Energy, $390,000, “Single Fiber Kappa
             Analyzer”

             6/98 - 9/98 Clariant Co, $3,000, “Pulp Treatment Study”

             6/99 - 6/00 Eka Nobel, $91,000, "Assessment of Chlorine Dioxide
             Pretreatment for Alkaline Pulping."

             10/99 - 9/00 CPAC, $30,000, " Application of an Imaging Flow-Through
             Particle Analyzer"

             1/97 – 12/00, American Forest & Paper Association, $300,000; “Removal
             of Stickies Contaminants From OCC Recycle Streams”


                                         103
      10/98 – 10/00, USDA Forest Products Laboratory, $23,500; “Printing
      Interactions in Second-Generation Pressure Sensitive Adhesives”


      7/95 – 3/97, UW Royalty Research Fund, $20,000; “Steric Stability
      Mechanisms of Colloidal Water-based Inks”


      10/99 – 10/00, Comprehensive Resources, Inc., $4,000; “Papermaking
      Properties of MSW-derived Cellulose Fiber”

      Determining the Topochemical Effects of Enzyme Pretreatment on
      Delignification in Conventional Kraft Pulping, National Science Foundation,
      $18,000.

      Conventional Kraft Pulping and Enzyme Pre-treatment, Royalty Research
      Fund (University of Washington), $28,000

      Enzymes and Pulping, McIntire-Stennis Program, $52,640.

      The Environmental Fate of Lignosulfonates, Lignin Institue, $110,000

Publications and Patents

      Matheison, B. and Gustafson, R.R., “RDH Pulping of Southern
      Hardwoods,” Tappi 79(5):180, 1996

      Thomson, S.L. and Gustafson, R.R., “Effects of Kappa Variability on Pulp
      Properties,” Proceedings of 1996 Tappi Pulping Conference, Nashville, p.
      445 (1996).

      Liu, Y, and Gustafson, R.R. Callis, J., "A novel method to measure single
      fiber kappa numbers," TAPPI 82, no. 9: 107 - 111 (Sept 1999).

      Jacobs-Young, C.J., Gustafson, R.R,, Heitman, J.A., "Conventional kraft
      pulping using enzyme pretreatment techonolgy: role of diffusivity in
      enhancing pulp uniformity. Papier j Puu, 82, No.2, 114 - 119 (2000)

      Liu, Y.; Gustafson, R.; Callis, J.; McKean, W., Microspectroscopic analysis
      and kappa determination of single pulp fibres stained with acridine orange
      Journal of Pulp and Paper Science 25, no. 10: 351-355 (Oct 1999).

      Thomson, S.L. and Gustafson, R.R., “Effects of Kappa Variability on Pulp
      Properties,” TAPPI 83, no. 1: 157 (Jan 2000).

      Frosch, R.A., Gustafson, R.R. et al. "Industrial and Environemntal
                                   104
Performance Metrics," National Acadamy Press, Washington DC, 1999.

Watson, P.; Gustafson, R.; McKean, W.; Andrews, E. Low Sulfidity and
Additive Pulping by Modified Batch (MB) Cooking Anthraquinone Pulping
(Goyal, G., ed.), Chapter 1: 34-41 (1997; TAPPI Press).

Liu, Y, and Gustafson, R.R. Callis, J., and McKean, W.T., Fluorescence
Microphotometry in Determining the Lignin Content of Single Pulp Fibers,
Proceedings of 9th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping
Chemistry (1997), pT2-1.

Liu, Y, and Gustafson, R.R. Callis, J., and McKean, W.T., Application of
Single Fiber Fluorescence Staining to Assess Kappa Uniformity,
Proceedings of 1998 Tappi Pulping Conference, Montreal Canada (1998),
p1501.

Agarwal, N. and Gustafson, R.R. “A Contribution to the Modeling of Kraft
Pulping, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 75(1):8, 1997.

Heindel, T.J. and K.T. Hodgson, “A Laboratory Study of OCC Flotation for
Removal of Model Stickie Particles”, TAPPI Journal, in press (2000).

  Ashley, C.J., Hodgson, K.T. and M.W. Pearson, “Printing Interactions in
Second-Generation Pressure Sensitive Adhesives for Postage Stamps”,
2000 TAPPI Recycling Symposium Proceedings, TAPPI Press, March 5-
8, 2000, Washington, DC.

  Fernandez, E. O. and K.T. Hodgson, “Colloidal Stability of Flexographic
Newsprint Deinking Dispersions”, Pulp and Paper Canada, 99(11): T 382
(1998).

Gupta, P., Hodgson, K., Heindel, T. and A. Emery, “Characterization of
Stickie Contaminants From OCC Recycle Mills”, 1998 TAPPI Pulping
Conference Proceedings, TAPPI Press, Atlanta, GA.

 Hodgson, K.T. "Surface Science and Process Factors Affecting Removal
of Sticky Contaminants" in Paper Recycling Challenge-Volume 1:
Stickies", M. Doshi and J. Dyer, ed., Doshi & Associates, Appleton, WI.
1997.

 Hodgson, K.T. "Surface Science and Process Factors Affecting Removal
of Sticky Contaminants", Progress in Paper Recycling, 6(2): 80 (1997).

 Fernandez, E.O. and K.T. Hodgson, "Stabilization Mechanisms of
Water-Based Newsprint Inks", Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 22(11):

                             105
J452 (1996).

 Hodgson, K.T. "Deinking Considerations with Flexographic Wastepaper",
Progress in Paper Recycling, 5(3): 71 (1996).

Fernandez, E.O. and K.T. Hodgson, "Stabilization Mechanisms of Water
Based Newsprint Inks", 1996 CPPA Conference Proceedings, Montreal,
Canada (January, 1996).

  The microporosity of pulp. The forces influencing the intra- and inter-
fiber pore structure and pore size distribution in pulp and paper (Graham
Allen with Y.C. Ko)
Cellulose Chemistry & Technology, 1995, 29, 479.

The effect of molecular size on the release of plant growth regulators from
microporous cellulose fibers (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov)
Proceed. Intern. Symp. Control. Rel. Bioact. Mater., 1995, 22.

Controlled release of imidacloprid from lignin matrix formulations
(Graham Allen with S.S. Park, A.P. Stoyanov and A. Yahiaoui)
Proceed. Intern. Symp. Control. Rel. Bioact. Mater. 1998, 659.

 Effect of low molecular inclusions on the release of dicamba from lignin
matrix formulations (Graham Allen with O.K. Kwon, A.P. Stoyanov and A.
Yahiaoui) Proceed. Intern. Symp. Control. Rel. Bioact. Mater. 1998, 661.

  Sugar-cellulose composites. I. The incorporation of simple saccharides
into paper as cellulose substitutes (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov, M.
Ueda and A. Yahiaoui) Tappi J. 1999, 82(3), 167.

 Sugar-cellulose composites. II. The proParties of paper containing
monosaccharides (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov, M. Ueda and A.
Yahiaoui) Tappi J. 1999, 82(4), 196.

 Sugar-cellulose composites. III. The incorporation of sucrose into paper
as a cellulose substitute (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov, M. Ueda and
A. Yahiaoui) Tappi J. 1999, 82(5), 165.

Sugar-cellu1ose composites. IV. The incorporation of disaccharides into
paper as fiber substitutes (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov, M. Ueda and
A. Yahiaoui) Cell. Chem. Tech. 2000, 34.

Sugar cellulose composites. V. The mechanism of fiber strengthening by
cell wall incorporation of sugar (Graham Allen with A.P. Stoyanov, M.
Ueda and A. Yahiaoui) In Press.

                             106
Sugar-cellulose composites. VI. Economic evaluation of lactose
production from cheese whey for use in paper (Graham Allen with J.
Fernandez, A. Vega, J. Coca, and G.G. Allan) In Press.

Y. Gu, M. Shen, B. Malmberg and Lou Edwards, “New, Predictive, ECF
Bleaching Models and Their Application,” IPBC Conference, Halifax, NS,
Canada, June 27, 2000.

Y. Gu, L. Edwards, J.Y. Zhu, P.H. Liu, and X.S. Chai, “Cluster Rule
Compliance Tools: Predicting Kraft Mill VOC's Part 1. Methanol
Equilibrium Calculations,” submitted to TAPPI J., March, 2000.

Y. Gu, L. Edwards, J.Y. Zhu, and X.S. Chai, “Cluster Rule Compliance
Tools: Predicting Kraft Mill VOC's Part 2. Methanol Generation Models,”
submitted to TAPPI J., March, 2000.

Y. Gu and L. Edwards, “Cluster Rule Compliance Tools: Predicting Kraft
Mill VOC's Part 3. Mill Validated Air Emission Models,” submitted to
TAPPI J., March, 2000.

Y. Gu and L. Edwards, “Cluster Rule Compliance Tools: Predicting Kraft
Mill VOC's Part 4. Mill Applications,” submitted to TAPPI J., March, 2000.

L. Edwards, “Modeling and Optimization in the Pulp and Paper Industry;
Historical Perspective,” keynote at Georgia Pacific Corporation Process
Optimization Conference, April 4, 2000.

Gu, Y., L. Edwards, R. Ledbetter and T. Jaegel, “A Systems Engineering
Approach to Kraft Mill Condensate Use,” presented at 1998 TAPPI
Pulping Conference, October 98, Montreal.

Basta, J., Wane, G., Herstad-Svard., S. Lundgren, P., Johansson, N.,
Edwards, L. and Y. Gu, “Partial Closure in Modern Bleaching Sequences,”
TAPPI J., April, 98, Vol. 81, No. 4. p. 136.

Gu, Y., Edwards, L., Haynes, J., and L. Euhus, “Application of Modular
Computer Simulation to Aid Development of Pulp and Paper Mill Closure
Technology: VOC Prediction,” TAPPI Journal Vol. 81: No. 2, February,
1998.

Gu, Y., Malmberg, B., Edwards, L., Dunaway, K., Zhu, J. Y., Chai, X.S.,
Rovell-Rixx, D., and A. Kirkman, “VOC Emission Models: Tuning and
Validation using Data from an ECF Kraft Mill,” presented at TAPPI „98
Environmental Conference, Vancouver, BC, April, 1998.

Bryant, P. S. and L. L. Edwards, “Cation Exchange of Metals on Kraft
                             107
Pulp,” Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, Vol. 22 No. 1, January 1996.

Martin, F., Nepote, J., Jaegel, A., Gu, Y., and Edwards, L., “Toward Mill
Closure: Lessons Learned,” TAPPI Minimum Effluent Mills Symposium,
Atlanta, January 1996.

Brooks, T., Rankin, S., Gu, Y., Edwards, L., Nepote, J., Jaegel, T., and
Lindberg, H., “Filtrate Recycle and Metals Management in TCF Bleach
Plants,” Proceedings of the 1995 International Non-Chlorine Bleaching
Conference, March 1995.

Kumar, K.R., Jacobs, C.J., Chang, H-m, and Jameel, H. (1996),
“Bleachability difference between RDH & Kraft-O2 pulps-Role of phenolic
hydroxyl groups in the residual lignin,” TAPPI International Pulp Bleaching
Conference, USA.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Venditti, R.A., and Joyce, T.W. (1998), “Effect of
Enzymatic Pretreatment on the Diffusion of Sodium Hydroxide in Wood,”
Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Journal, 81(1):260-
266.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Venditti, R.A., and Joyce, T.W. (1998), “Effect of
Enzyme Pretreatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping,” Technical
Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Journal, 81(2):143-147.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Venditti, R.A., and Joyce, T.W. (1997), “Effect of
Enzyme Pretreatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping,” TAPPI International
Pulping Conference, USA, pp. 593-601.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Venditti, R.A., and Joyce, T.W. (1998), “Enzyme
Applications in Conventional Kraft Pulping,” In: Enzyme Applications in
Fiber Processing Series No. 687, Ed. Eriksson, K. and Cavaco-Paulo, A.,
American Chemical Society Books, Washington, DC, pp. 55-65.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Heitmann, J.A., Venditti, R.A., (1998). “Conventional
Kraft Pulping Using Enzyme Pretreatment Technology: Role of Chip
Thickness, Specie and Enzyme Combinations,” In: Innovative Advances in
the Forest Products Industries; AICHE Symposium Series No. 319, Ed.
Brogdon, B., AICHE Books, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1-15.

Jacobs-Young, C. J., Heitmann, J. A., and Gustafson, R. R. (2000).
“Conventional kraft pulping using enzyme pretreatment technology: Role of
diffusivity in enhancing pulp uniformity,” Paperi ja Puu, 82(2):114-119.

Witworrasakul, S., “Black/White Liquor Oxidationn for Polysulfide
Pulping”, M.S. Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington,
                             108
2000.

Wilson, S.P., “Reduced Sulfur Measurement and Oxidation in Black
Liquor”, M.S. Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington,
2000.

Mahoney, M.K., “Effect of Ammonium Sulfite Spent Liquor on soil
Properties and Spring Wheat Growth”, M.S. Thesis, Washington State
University, 1998.

Fox, B., Edwards, L.L., McKean, W.T., “Kraft Pulping Yield Increase and
Odor Control: Modeling, Simulation and Process Analysis of In-Digester
Oxidation”, presented 2000 TAPPI Pulping Conference, Boston.




                            109
Significantly Reduced Manufacturing Costs




                   110
                   Significantly Reduced Manufacturing Costs


Auburn:

  Grants and Contracts

           Application of Theoretical Chemical Methods to Wood Chemistry. Auburn
           University-Pulp and Paper Education Center. $37,500. 1995-99. Thomas
           Elder

           Mill Designed Biobleaching Technologies. Agenda 2020-DOE. $739,341.
           1998. Ragauskas, Elder and Felby co-PI=s

           Award of Silicon Graphics-Indy Workstation. Nichols Research
           Corporation-Visualization Project. $10,000. 1996. Thomas Elder

           Molecular Modelling Research. Royal Veterinary and Agricultural
           University, Unit of Forestry, Frederiksberg, Denmark. $5,000. 1995.
           Thomas Elder

           Department of Energy, "Energy Efficient Kraft Pulping for Highly
           Bleachable Low Lignin Content Pulp," October 1995 - November 2000, $
           2,226,733, J.H. Lee from Purdue and T.J. McDonough from IPST- Co-
           Principal Investigators.

           OMNX Direct Control, "OMNX RTG 64 System for Energy Efficient Kraft
           Pulping for Highly Bleachable Low Lignin Content Pulp," September 1996,
           $49,690, G. Krishnagopalan

           Department of Energy- Pulp and Paper Industrial Consortium, "Energy
           Efficient Kraft Pulping for Highly Bleachable Low Lignin Content Pulp,"
           October 1995 B November 2000, $ 410,000 G. Krishnagopalan

           National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement,
           Inc. "Kinetic Study of Kraft Pulping and Development of a Reaction Model
           Using Liquor Analysis," December 1994 - November 1995, $ 34,945, G.
           Krishnagopalan

           National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement,
           Inc. "Brownstock Washer Optimization and Control," March 1994 - June
           1995, $35,362, G. Krishnagopalan

           Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, "Application of Atomic Force
           Microscopy to Pharmaceutical Inhalation Products," July 1997-December
           1999, $414,919, R. Neuman
                                        111
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, "Surface and Colloid Science,"
Unrestricted Gifts, $58,500, R. Neuman
Georgia-Pacific Corporation, "Surface and Colloid Science," Unrestricted
Gift, $20,000, R. Neuman

Weyerhaeuser Company, "Surface and Colloid Science," Unrestricted
Gift, $15,000, R. Neuman

Rhone-Poulenc, "Surface and Colloid Science," Unrestricted Gift, $5,000,
R. Neuman

DOE, "Interfacial Chemistry in Solvent Extraction Systems," June 1996-
May 1998, $105,000, R. Neuman

USDA, National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program, "Surface
and Atomic Force Characterization of Wood Cellulose Surfaces,"
September 1995-August 1999, $137,000, R. Neuman

DOE, "Interfacial Chemistry in Solvent Extraction Systems," June 1995-
May 1996, $106,000, R. Neuman

DOE, "Interfacial Chemistry in Solvent Extraction Systems," September
1994-May 1995, $77,120, R. Neuman

NSF, "In-Situ Laser Spectroscopic Studies of Boundary Lubricant Films,"
September 1993-February 1998, $287,419 (with P. Shah), R. Neuman

NSF, "Engineering Research Equipment: Surface Force/Laser
Spectroscopy System," September 1993-February 1997, $86,200, R.
Neuman (with P. Shah, M. El-Halwagi and Z.J. Yu).

“Adaptive Inventory Control for Partially Observed, Non-Stationary
Demand,” NSF Division of Design, Manufacture, and Industrial Innovation
unsolicited proposal, $143,518, 1998-2001. Sox

“Adaptive Inventory Control for Partially Observed, Non-Stationary
Demand,” Re-search Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)
Supplement, $10,000, 2000-2001, Sox

“Dynamic Planning and Scheduling for Production and Distribution
Systems with Random Demand and Finite Capacity,”NSF-Research
Initiation Program, $95,000, 1994-98, Sox

“Optimization Models and Procedures for Stochastic Production
Planning,” Auburn University, College of Engineering GRA Award,
                             112
         $20,000, 1996B98, Sox

         “Applications of Research in Production Planning and Inventory Control
         for the Pulp and Paper Industry,” Auburn Pulp and Paper Center, $5,000,
         1995-96, Sox

Publications and Patents

         Elder, Thomas and R.C. Fort, Jr. 2000. Reactivity of Lignin and Lignans
         (correlation with MO calculations. Chapter 12 in Lignin and Lignans.
         Editors, C. Heitner, D. Dimmel, N. Lewis and S. Sarkanen. Marcel Dekker
         Publishing. In Press

         Elder, Thomas. 2000. Wood-Chemically Modified. In The Encyclopedia
         of Materials: Science and Technology. K. Buschow, R. Cahn, M.
         Flemings, B. Ilschner, E. Kramer and S. Mahajan, Editors. Elsevier
         Science. In Press

         Elder, Thomas. 2000. Correlation of experimental and ab initio 13C-NMR
         chemical shifts for monomeric lignin model compounds. Journal of
         Molecular Structure: Theochem. 505(1-3): 257-267.

         Elder, Thomas. 2000. Molecular orbital calculations on the interaction of
         veratryl alcohol with the lignin peroxidase active site. In “Lignin: Historical,
         Biological and Materials Perspective”, Wolfgang Glasser, Tor P. Schultz
         and Robert A. Northey, Editors. American Chemical Society, Washington,
         DC.

         Elder, T., B.J.W. Cole, and R.C. Fort, Jr. 1999. Combined experimental
         and computational studies of lignin. Chapter 15 in Advances in
         Lignocellulosics Characterization. D. Argyropoulos, Editor. TAPPI Press.
         Pages 357-378.

         Helm, Richard, Lei Zhentian,Thilini Ranatunga, Judith Jervis and Thomas
         Elder. 1999. Towards Understanding Monomeric Ellagitannin
         Biosynthesis. Plant Polyphenols 2: Chemistry, Biology, Pharmacology,
         Ecology. Georg Gross, Editor. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers,
         New York.

         Elder, Thomas. 1999 Reactions of Lignin Model Compounds with
         Chlorine Dioxide. II. Molecular Orbital Calculations on dimers. Journal of
         Pulp and Paper Science 25:52-59

         Sealy, J., A.J. Raguaskas and T.J. Elder. 1999. Investigations into
         laccase-mediator delignification of kraft pulps. Holzforshung. 53:498-502.

                                        113
Xie, B., T. Elder, L.J. Wilson and D. Stanbury. 1998. Unusually slow
electron-transfer reactions of the [CuII/CuI(bib)2]2+/+ redox couple.
Inorganic Chemistry; 1998; 38(1); 12-19.

Hegde, Vishnumurthy R., Katerine L. Seley, Stewart W. Schneller and
Thomas J.J. Elder. 1998. 5'-amino-5'deoxy-5'-noraristeromycin and
related analogues. Journal of Organic Chemistry. 63(20):7092-7094.

Elder, Thomas. 1998. Reactions of Lignin Model Compounds with
Chlorine Dioxide. Molecular Orbital Calculations. Holzforschung
52(4):371-384.

Tamminen, Tarja, Thomas Elder, Wei Wang and Kristiina Poppius-Levlin.
 1998. The Action Mechanism of Laccase/1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
System on Pulp Residual Lignin. International Conference on
Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
June 1998.

Elder, Thomas. 1997. Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds by the
Veratryl Alcohol Radical. Results from molecular orbital calculations.
Holzforschung 51(1):47-56.

Barsberg, S., T. Elder and C. Felby. 1997. Extension of the oxidative
action of laccase into the lignin matrix of the plant cell wall by radical
mobility. 9th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry.
Montreal, Canada June 1997

He, Wei and Thomas Elder. 1997. A Molecular orbital study on the
mechanism of ammoxidation of lignin. 9th International Symposium on
Wood and Pulping Chemistry. Montreal, Canada June 1997.

Elder, Thomas and Joseph J. Bozell. 1996. Cobalt-Schiff base complex
catalyzed oxidation of para-substituted phenolics. Molecular orbital
calculations on phenolic substrates. Holzforschung 50(1):24-30.

“Optimising Pulp Quality in Alkali Profiled Kraft Cooks,” Appita Journal,
53(4):305-311, G. Krishnagopalan with V. Varma.

“Partial Least Squares (PLS) Based Monitoring and Control of Batch
Digesters,” Journal of Process Control, 10(2000): 229-236, G.
Krishnagopalan with P. Kesavan, J.H. Lee and V. Saucedo.

“Application of In-Situ Near Infrared Analysis for the Measurement of
Cooking Liquor Components During Kraft Pulping,” JPPS, 26(1): 25-29,
G. Krishnagopalan with V. Saucedo.

                              114
“Modeling of a Modified Kraft Process,” Appita Journal, 53(1): 36-40, G.
Krishnagopalan with S. Sen and V. Saucedo.

“Kinetics and State Space Modeling of Modified Kraft Pulping,”
Fundamental Advances and Innovations in the Pulp and Paper Industry,
AIChE Symposium Series 322, Volume 95, p7-13, Editor, Brian N.
Brogdon, G. Krishnagopalan with V. Saucedo.

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for On-line Analysis of White and Green
Liquors, Tappi Journal 82(9):101-106 G. Krishnagopalan with R. Hodges.

“Influence of Mass Transfer Effects in Causticizing,” JPPS 25(2): 60-65 G.
Krishnagopalan with J. Sethuraman, P.K. Ramdoss and R. Vaidyanathan.

“Optimization of Alkali Profile in Modified Kraft Pulping,” Innovative
Advances in the Products Industries, AIChE Symposium Series, Volume
94, 1998, p16-20, Editor, Brian N. Brogdon, G. Krishnagopalan with V.
Saucedo and V. Varma.

"Kinetics of Extended Delignification Using Alkali Profiling and On-Line
Liquor Analysis," Appita Journal 51(1):50-56, G. Krishnagopalan with Vipin
Varma.

"Application of Alkali Profiling and Real-Time Liquor Analysis to Modified
Kraft Pulping," Further Advances in the Forest Products Industries, AIChE
Symposium Series, Volume 93,1997, p1-6, Editor, Peter Hart, G.
Krishnagopalan with V. Varma and V.M. Saucedo.

"Development of a Dynamic Model of Kraft Pulping Based on Liquor
Analysis," Tappi Journal, 80(3):123-133 G. Krishnagopalan with S.
Vanchinathan.

"Estimation of Kinetic Model Parameters for the Causticizing Reaction: An
Optimization Approach," Chemical Engineering Communications, Vol. 155,
pp 145-156, G. Krishnagopalan with Sethuraman, J., P. K. Ramdoss, and
R. Vaidyanathan.

"Kraft Liquor Alkali Analysis Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy," Tappi
Journal, 79(10):187- 191 G. Krishnagopalan with Vanchinathan, S., S.
Ananth and J. Jarvis, October 1996.

“Analysis of Delignification Dynamics in Profiled Pulping,” 54 th Appita
Annual Conference, Melbourne, Australia, April 3-6, 2000 p47-52, G.
Krishnagopalan with V. Saucedo.


                              115
“Near Infrared Spectroscopy for Online White and Black Liquor
Composition Analysis”, Tappi Pulping Conference, Orlando, FL., October
31 B November 4, 1999 p1097-1109, G. Krishnagopalan with R. Hodges.

“ECF Bleachability of softwood and hardwood kraft pulps made with altered
Liquor Concentration Profiles,” 10th International Symposium on Wood and
Pulping Chemistry, Yokohama, Japan, June 7-10, 1999 p296-301, G.
Krishnagopalan with T.J McDonough, N. Rawat, V.M. Saucedo, A.J.
Ragauskas, M. Melander and M. Zawadzki.

“Optimizing Pulp Quality in Alkali Profiled Kraft Cooks,” 1999 APPITA
Annual Meeting Proceedings, Rotorua, New Zealand, April 19-23, 1999
p119-126, G. Krishnagopalan with V. Varma.

“Modeling of a Modified Kraft Pulping Process,” 1999 APPITA Annual
Meeting Proceedings, Rotorua, New Zealand, April 19-23, 1999, p247-252,
 G. Krishnagopalan with S. Sen and V. Saucedo.

“Chlorine Dioxide Bleachability of Pine Kraft Pulps Made with Controlled
Liquor Concentration Profiles,” International Pulp Bleaching Conference
Proceedings, Helsinki, Finland, June 1-5, 1998, p1-6, G. Krishnagopalan
with T.J. McDonough, N. Rawat, V. Saucedo, A.J Ragauskas and M.
Zawadzki.

"On-Line Estimation of Initial Wood Chip Moisture in Kraft Pulping, Tappi
Pulping Conference Proceedings, San Francisco, CA, October 19-23, 1997
pages 301-305, G. Krishnagopalan with V. Saucedo.

"Kinetics of Extended Delignification Using Alkali Profiling and On-Line
Liquor Analysis," 51st Appita Annual Conference Proceedings, April 28-
May1, 1997, pages 217-224, G. Krishnagopalan with V. Varma.

"Selectivity Studies on Extended Delignification Using Alkali Profiling
Techniques," Tappi Pulping Conference, Chicago, IL, October 1-5, 1995,
pages 749-755, G. Krishnagopalan with V.Varma.

"Selectivity Studies on Extended Delignification Using Alkali Profiling
Techniques," The 8th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping
Chemistry, Helsinki, Finland, June 1995, pages 185-192, G.
Krishnagopalan with V.Varma.

"Liquor Concentration Measurement for Causticizing Control," 49th Appita
Annual General Conference Proceedings, April 1995, pages 33-40, G.
Krishnagopalan with J. Sethuraman.


                             116
Ibrahim, T.H. Burk, T.R., Etzler, F.M. and Neuman, R.D., "Direct Adhesion
Measurements of Particles to Gelatin Surfaces," J. Adhesion Sci. Technol.,
in press.

Willing, G.A., Ibrahim, T.H., Etzler, F.M. and Neuman, R.D., "New
Approach to the Study of Particle-Surface Adhesion Using Atomic Force
Microscopy," J. Colloid Interface Sci., in press.

Neuman, R.D. and Ibrahim, T.H., "Novel Structural Model of Reversed
Micelles: The Open Water-Channel Model," Langmuir, 15, 10, 1999.

Rojas, O.J. and Neuman, R.D., "Adsorption of Polysaccharide Wet-End
Additives in Papermaking Systems," Colloids Surfaces A, 155, 419 (1999).

Rojas, O.J., Claesson, P.M., Muller, D., and Neuman, R.D., "The Effect of
Salt Concentration on Adsorption of Low-Charge-Density Polyelectrolytes
and Interactions Between Polyelectrolyte-Coated Surfaces," J. Colloid
Interface Sci., 205, 77, 1998.

Rojas, O.J., Claesson, P.M. and Neuman, R.D., "Polymer Adsorption in
Cellulosic Systems," Memorias, VI Congreso Tecnico Venezolano de
Celulosa y Papel, Valencia, Venezuela, 1998.

Rojas, O.J., Neuman, R.D. and Pena, V.M., "Zeta Potential and Cationic
Charge Demand in Papermaking," Memorias, 3er Congreso de
Aplicaciones Quimicas en la Industria Papelera Venezolana, Maracay,
Venezuela, 1998.

Rutland, M.W., Carambassis, A., Willing, G.A. and Neuman, R.D. "Surface
Force Measurements Between Cellulose Surfaces Using Scanning Probe
Microscopy," Colloids Surfaces A, 123/124, 369, 1997..

Neuman, R.D., "Paper Surface: Beyond Appearances," Tappi J., 80(7), 14,
1997.

Neuman, R.D. and Rojas, O.J., "Interparticle Forces in Papermaking,"
Memorias, V. Congreso Tecnico Venezolana de Celulosa y Papel, p. 1,
Valencia, Venezuela, 1997.

Yu, Z.J. and Neuman, R.D., "Properties and Structures of Sodium and
Transition Metal Salts of Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Phosphate in n-Heptane and the
Effect of Water," Dynamic Properties of Interfaces and Association
Structures (D.O. Shah, Ed.), p. 166, AOCS Press Publ., Champaign, IL,
1996.


                            117
Neuman, R.D., Yu, Z.J. and Ibrahim, T., "Role of Reversed Micelles of
Acidic Organophosphorus Extractants in Cobalt/Nickel Separation - A
Position Paper," Value Adding Through Solvent Extraction, Proceedings of
ISEC '96 (D.C. Shallcross, R. Paimin and L.M. Prvcic, Eds.), p. 135, The
University of Melbourne, Parkville, 1996.

Rojas, O.J., Mills, R.J. and Neuman, R.D., "Utilization of Guar Gums for
White-Water BOD Reduction," 1995 Papermakers Conference
Proceedings, p. 145, TAPPI PRESS, Atlanta, GA, 1996.

Neuman, R.D. and Rojas, O.J., "Adsorption of Guar Gums on Cellulosic
Substrates," Memorias, VIII Congreso Latinoamericano de Celulosa y
Papel, p. 239, Medellin, Columbia, 1996.

Yu, Z.J. and Neuman, R.D., "Reversed Micellar Solution-to.Bicontinuous
Microemulsion Transition in Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Phosphate/n-
Heptane/Water System," Langmuir, 11, 1081, 1995.

Neuman, R.D., Park, S.K. and Shah, P., "On Application of In-Situ Laser
Spectroscopic Techniques in Surface Force Apparatus," J. Colloid Interface
Sci., 172, 257, 1995.

Claesson, P.M., Christenson, H.K., Berg, J.M. and Neuman, R.D.,
"Interactions Between Mica Surfaces in the Presence of Carbohydrates," J.
Colloid Interface Sci., 172, 415, 1995.

Park, S. and Neuman, R.D., "A Novel Approach of Studying Intrapore
Diffusion by Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching," AIChE J.,
submitted, reviewed and being revised.

Rojas, O.J., Claesson, P.M. and Neuman, R.D., "Desorption of Low-
Charge-Density Polyelectrolyte Adlayers in Aqueous Sodium n-Dodecyl
Sulfate Solution," J. Colloid Interface Sci., submitted.

Ibrahim, T.H. and Neuman, R.D., "Nanostructure of Open Water-Channel
Reversed Micelles. I. 1H-NMR Spectroscopy and Molecular Modelling," J.
Colloid Interface Sci., submitted.

Park, S. and Neuman, R.D., "Effect of Humidity and Temperature on
Molecular Mobility in Surfactant Monolayers Confined Between Two Solid
Surfaces," manuscript in preparation.

Kuo, C.H. and Neuman, R.D., "Surface Viscoelasticity of
Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide Solution: A Laser Light-Scattering
Study," manuscript in preparation.
                             118
Kuo, C.H. and Neuman, R.D., "Surface Viscoelasticity of Soluble
Monomolecular Films," manuscript in preparation.

Neuman, R.D. and Tompkins, T.W., "Monolayer Desorption at the
Air/Water Interface. Part II: Critical Surface-Chemical Methodologies,"
manuscript in preparation.

Neuman, R.D., Chakrabarty, R.R., and Sarkanan, S., "Relaxation of
Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface,"
manuscript in preparation.

Chemmanam, Isaac and Charles R. Sox (2000), “Heuristics for the
Stochastic Capaci-tated Lot Sizing Problem,” In preparation for submission
to IIE Transactions.

Ock, Young S. and Charles R. Sox (2000), “Computing Service
Constrained (s, S) Policies,” In preparation for submission to Naval
Research Logistics.

Treharne, James T. and Charles R. Sox (2000b), “Bounds and
Approximations for Adaptive Inventory Control,” Working paper, Dept. of
Industrial & Systems Engineering, Auburn University.

Treharne, James T. and Charles R. Sox (2000a), “Adaptive Inventory
Control for Partially Observed Non-Stationary Demand,” Manufacturing &
Service Operations Management, 2 (2), to appear. Recipient of the
Honorable Mention Award in the Manufacturing & Service Operations
Management Society 1999 Student Paper Competition.

Treharne, James T. and Charles R. Sox (1999a), “Models and Methods for
Adaptive Inventory Control,” Under review for Manufacturing & Service
Operations Manage-ment.

Treharne, James T. and Charles R. Sox (1999b), “Adaptive Inventory
Control for Non-Stationary Demand and Partal Information,” Under revision
for Management Science.

Sox, Charles R. and Yubo Gao (1999), “The Capacitated Lot Sizing
Problem with Setup Carry-Over,” IIE Transactions, 29 (5), 349B357.

Sox, Charles R., John A. Muckstadt, R. Alan Bowman, and Peter L.
Jackson (1999), “A Review of the Stochastic Lot Scheduling Problem,”
International Journal of Production Economics, 62, 181B200.

Sox, Charles R. and John A. Muckstadt (1997), “Optimization-Based
                             119
              Planning for the Stochastic Lot Scheduling Problem,” IIE Transactions, 29
              (5), 349B357. Recipient of the IIE Transactions 1997 Award for Best Paper
              in Scheduling and Logistics.

              Sox, Charles R. (1997), “Dynamic Lot Sizing with Random Demand and
              Non-stationary Costs,” Operations Research Letters, 20 (4), 155B164.

              Sox, Charles R. and John A. Muckstadt (1996), “Multi-Item, Multi-Period
              Production Planning with Uncertain Demand,” IIE Transactions, 27 (11),
              891B900.

N. C. State University:

   Grants and Contracts

              Development of Electrokinetic Streaming Analyses to Probe Adsorption of
              Polyelectrolytes, $40,000, Hubbe, TAPPI.

              Wood Machining and Tooling Research Program, $317,310, Lemaster,
              US Dept. of Agriculture.

              On-Line Surface Quality Assessment of Particleboard (SA), $15,000,
              Lemaster, Temple-Inland.

              Bleaching of Softwood and Hardwood Pulps with Enzymes/Use of
              Porphyrine or Other Biominetic Agents in Oxygen Bleaching, $30,000,
              Chang, Industry.

              Binuclear Manganese Complex-Catalyzed Bleaching of Pulps with
              Hydrogen Peroxide, $91,384, Chen, USDA.

              Full-Scale Structure Experiment and Evaluation, $14,900, Kasal, National
              Association of Home Builders.

              Full-Scale Structure Experiment and Evaluation, $14,900, Kasal, NAHB.

              Use of Oxidates to Retard Peeling During Kraft Cooking (SA), $3,000,
              Joyce, Industry.

              Studies on the Enzyme-Oxygen-Mediator System for
              Delignification/Bleaching of Pulps, $30,000, Chen, Industry.

              Whole Structure Modeling and Analysis of Light-Frame Wood Buildings
              Subjected to Static and Dynamic Load, $119,000, Kasal, USDA.

              Pulping and Bleaching of Mixed Tropical Hardwoods, $80,000, Chang,
                                           120
Industry.

Wood Machining and Tooling Research Programs, $270,992, Stewart,
USDA.

Studies on the Enzyme-Oxygen-Mediator System for
Delignification/Bleaching of Pulps, $55,000, Chen, Industry.

Bleaching of Softwood and Hardwood Pulps with Enzymes/Use of
Porphyrine or Other Biominetic Agents in Oxygen Bleaching, $30,000,
Chang, Industry.

Wood Machining and Tooling Research Programs, $289,592, Stewart,
USDA.

Evaluation of the Use of Oxidized White Liquor in the Bleaching of Pulp
Program, $8,000, Jameel, Industry.

Laccase-Mediator System for Pulp Bleaching Process, $113,000, Chen,
USDA.

Pitch Removal From Stock Using Chemical Agglomeration and
Mechanical Treatment (SA), $30,000, Chang, Industry.

Development of a Product Pricing System for Small Wood Products
Manufacturers, $25,000, Jerger, Winrock International.

Bleaching of Softwood and Hardwood Pulps with Enzymes/Use of
Porphyrine or Other Biominetic Agents in Oxygen Bleaching, $30,000,
Chang, Clariant Corp. (Repligen Sandoz).

Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $323,290, Lemaster and Stewart,
USDA.

Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $289,912, Lemaster and Stewart,
USDA.

Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $289,592, Lemaster and Stewart,
USDA.

High Speed Surface Assessment of Wood Components, $34,472, Lemaster
and Taylor, NCSU.

Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $270,992, Lemaster, USDA.

Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $271,039, Lemaster, USDA.
                             121
         High Speed Surface Assessment of Wood Components, $37,803, Lemaster
         and Taylor, NCSU.

         Field Trials of a High-Speed Surface Assessment System for Wood
         Furniture Components, $38,134, Lemaster and Taylor, NCSU.

         Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $317,310, Lemaster, USDA.

         Wood Machining & Tooling Research, $281,635, Lemaster, USDA.

         Industrial Implementation of a High-Speed Surface Assessment System
         for Wood Components, $18,238, Lemaster and Taylor, USDA.

         Investigation of the blasting process for wood products, $38,134,
         Lemaster, Taylor and Shih, NCSU.

         Development and Testing of Engineered Abrasives for Use in the
         Furniture Industry, $38,134, Lemaster and Taylor, NCSU.

         Development of a Carbide Tooth Integrity Assessment System,
         $184,222, Lemaster, USDA.

         Modeling and Process Monitoring for the Optimization of Abrasive Wood
         Machining, $319,531, Lemaster and Taylor, USDA.

         Investigation of the blasting process for wood products, $247,850,
         Lemaster, Taylor and Shih, USDA.

Publications and Patents

         Cui, Y., Puthson, P., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Kirkman, A.G. 2000,
         “Kinetic Study on Delignification of Kraft-AQ Southern Pine Pulp with
         Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyzed by Manganese (IV)-MeDTNE”,
         Holzforschung 54: in press.

         Odermatt, J., Kordsachia, O., Patt, R., Kuhne, L., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl,
         J.S. 2000, “A manganese based catalyst for alkaline peroxide bleaching”,
         In ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC:
         submitted.

         Jameel, H., and Renard, J., “Pulping Options Analysis with Black Liquor
         Gasification”, TAPPI Pulping Conference, Gasification Technology
         Interactive Discussion, p. 927, Orlando, FL, 1999.

         Jacobs-Young, C.J., Gustafson, R.R., and Heitmann, J.A., “Conventional
                                      122
kraft pulping using enzyme pretreatment technology: role of diffusivity in
enhancing pulp uniformity”, Paperie ja puu, 82(2): 114-119, 2000.

Gerber, P.J., Heitmann, J.A., and Joyce, T.W., Buchert, J., and Siika-aho,
M., “Adsorption of Hemicallulases onto Bleached Kraft Fibers”, Journal of
Biotechnology, 67: 67-75. 1999.

Gerber, P.J., Joyce, T.W., Heitmann, J.A., Siika-aho, M., and Buchert, J.,
“Adsorption of a Trichoderma reesei endoglucanase and
Cellubiohydrolase onto Bleached Kraft Fibers”, Cellulose, 4(4): 255-268.

Ramasubramanian, M.K. and Swecker, M.D., “Mechatronic redesign of a
hard-automated machine for paper cup brim forming”, submitted to the
IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics (in revision for submission).

Ramasubramanian, M.K. and Swecker, M.D., “Mechanics of Brim Forming
in Paperboard Containers – An Experimental Investigation”, accepted for
publication in JPPS (in revision).

Odermatt, J., Kordsachia, O., Patt, R., Kuhne, L., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl,
J.S. 2000, “A manganese based catalyst for alkaline peroxide bleaching”
, in ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, Washington,
DC: submitted.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., Heitmann, J.A., Venditti, R.A., “Conventional Kraft
Pulping Using Enzyme Pretreatment Technology: Role of Chip Thickness,
Species and Enzyme Combinations”, Innovative Advances in the Forest
Products Industries: AIChE Symposium Series No. 319, Ed. Brogdon, B.,
AIChE Books, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1-15.

Ciu, Y., Puthson, P., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G. and Patt, R.
1999, “Binuclear Manganese Complex-Catalyzed Bleaching of Pulp with
Hydrogen Peroxide”, Proc. Advances in Wood Chemistry – International
Symposium honoring Josef S. Gratzl on the Occasion of his 70 th birthday,
Vienna, Austria, May 31 – June 1, 1999.

D.R. Svenson, H.-M. Chang, and H. Jameel, “Reactions of Lignin with
Cyanamide Activiated Hydrogen Peroxide”, 10th Biennial ISWPC
Symposium, p. I 268, Yokohama Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

T. Zhu, Z.P. Geng, J.F. Kadla, H.-M. Chang, and H. Jameel, “Preparation
of Peroxymonphosphoric Acid and Its Use as a Delignification Agent for
Kraft Pulps”, 10th Biennial ISWPC Symposium, p. II 402, Yokohama
Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

                             123
I. Lopez, H.-M. Chang, H. Jameel and W. Wizani, “Effect of Sodium
Sulfide Pretreatment on Kraft Pulping”, TAPPI Pulping Conference
Proceedings, p. 135, Orlando Florida, October 1999.

S. Chivukula, H. Jameel, H.-M. Chang and W. Wizani, “Effect of Sulfidity
and Anthraquinone on Modified Batch Pulping Processes”, TAPPI Pulping
Conference Proceedings, p. 161, Orlando Florida, October 1999.

D. Svenson, H. Jameel, H.-M. Chang and J. Kadla, “Inorganic Reactions
in Chlorine Dioxide Bleaching of Softwood Kraft Pulp”, TAPPI Pulping
Conference Proceedings, P. 631, Orlando Florida, October 1999.

M.K. Ramasubramanian and Kashyap Muthuraman, “A Computational
Mechanics Model for the Brim-forming process in Paperboard Container
Manufacturing,” ASME AMD, Vol. 231, MD-Vol. 85, pp. 81-86, 1999.

Chen, C.-L., J.S. Gratzl, A.G. Kirkman, A. Potthast, and T. Rosennau.
"Selective Enzymatic Oxidation of Aromatic Methyl Groups to Aldehydes
by Oxygen in the Presence of a Laccase-Mediator Catalyst." U.S. Patent
5,888,787, March 30, 1999; Canadian Patent Application No.297/53, July
1996.

Hubbe, M.A., “Method and Apparatus for Measuring an Electrical Property
of Papermaking Furnish ”, U.S. Patent 5,936,151, August 10, 1999.

Hubbe, M.A., “Method for Increasing the Strength of a Paper of
Paperboard Product,” U.S. Patent 5,958,180, Sept. 28, 1999.

Heitmann, J.A., and Joyce, T.W., “A New Technique for Cleaning
Papermaking Equipment”, U.S. Patent No. 5,961,735, Oct. 5, 1999.

J. Odermatt, J., Kordsachia, O., Patt, R., Kuhne, L., Chen, C.-L. and
Gratzl, J.S. 2000, “A manganese based catalyst for alkaline peroxide
bleaching.” In ACS Symposium Series, American Chemical Society,
Washington, DC: submitted.

Zhang, M., Hubbe, M.A., Venditti, R.A., and Heitmann, J.A., “Loss of
Bonding Strength Dye to Drying and Repulping of Kraft Fibers: Effects of
Chemical Additives”, International Symposium on Environmentally
Friendly and Emerging Technologies for a Sustainable Pulp and Paper
Industry, Taipei, Taiwan, April 25-27, 2000.

Cui, Y., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Patt, R. 1999, “A Managanese(IV)-
Me4DTNE Complex-Catalyzed Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds
with Hydrogen Peroxide”, J. Mol. Cat. A: Chem. 144: 411-417.

                            124
Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G. and Jakob, H.
2000, “Biobleaching of Pulp with Dioxygen in Laccase-Mediator System.
Part 1. Kinetics of Delignification,” Holzforschung 54: in press.

Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G. and Jakob, H.
2000, “Biobleaching of Pulp with Dioxygen in Laccase-Mediator System.
Part 2. Effects of Variables on the Delignification Kinetics”, Applied
Catalysis A: General 54: submitted.

Zhu, T., Chang, H-m., Kadla, J.F., and Jameel, H., “Chemistry of
Bleaching with Peroxy Acids”, p. 45, 6th Brazilian Symposium on the
Chemisty of Lignins and Other Wood Components, Guaratingueta, Sp,
Brazil, October 1999.

Kadla, J.F., “A Review of the Reactions of Peroxides with Lignocellulosic
Materials”, ACS Symposium Series, 2000.

Balakshin, M.Yu., Capanema, E.A., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G.
and Gracz, H. 1999, “Lignin Reactions in Pulp Biobleaching with Laccase
Mediator System”, Proc. the 10th International Symposium on Wood and
Pulping Chemistry, Vol. I, pp. 572-577, Yokohama, Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

Kadla, J. K., H-m. Chang and H. Jameel, "The Reactions of Lignins with High
Temperature Hydrogen Peroxide. Part 2. The Oxidation of Kraft Lignin",
Holzforschung, vol 53 No. 3 p.277, 1999.

H-m. Chang, J.F. Kadla and H. Jameel, “The Chemistry of Lignin Model
Compound Reactions with Peroxy Oxidants”, 10th Biennal ISWPC
Symposium, p I 12, Yokohama Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

J.F. Kadla, H-m. Chang, and H. Jameel, “Reactions of Lignin with
Cyanamide Activated Hydrogen Peroxide”, 10th Biennal ISWPC
Symposium, p I 268, Yokohama Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

T. Kishimoto, H-m. Chang, H. Jameel, and J.F. Kadla, “The Reactions of
Hydrogen Peroxide in caro‟s Acid Bleaching at Low pH”, 10 th Biennal
ISWPC Symposium, p II 386, Yokohama Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

Chen, J., Hubbe, M.A., Heitmann, J.A., and Chang, H.-M., “The Effect of
Paper Addivites on Agglomeration During the Recycling Process”,
International Symposium on Environmentally Friendly and Emerging
Technologies for a Sustainable Pulp and Paper Industry”, Taipei, Taiwan,
April 25-27, 2000.

                             125
Kadla, J. K., H. Jameel and H-m. Chang. "The Reactions of Lignins with
High Temperature Hydrogen Peroxide. Part II. The Oxidation of Kraft
Lignin", Holzforschung, 52:610, 1998.

Kadla, J. K., H-m. Chang, C-L. Chen and J. S. Gratzl. "Reactions of
Lignin with Cyanamide Activated Hydrogen Peroxide. Part I. The
Degradation of Lignin Model Compounds", Holzforschung, 52:506, 1998.

Z. Zhang, H. Jameel and H-m. Chang. "Impact of Washing Efficiency
after a Metal Removal Stage on the Performance of a Peroxide Stage",
The Proceedings of the 1998 TAPPI Pulping Conference, October 25-29,
1998, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Book 2, pp. 705-710.

Zhang, Z., H. Zhan, H. Jameel and H-m. Chang. "Effect of Metal Ions on
High Temperature Peroxide Bleaching", The Proceedings of the
International Symposium on Emerging Technologies of Pulping and
Papermaking of Fast-Growing Wood, Nov. 23-25, 1998, Guangzhou,
China, pp. 256-263.

Cui, Y., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, and R. Patt. "Manganese(IV) Complex
Catalyzed Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds",
Book of Abstracts, the 215th ACS National Meeting, Abstract No.: CELL
039, Dallas, TX, March 29-April 2, 1998.

Chivukula, S., H-m. Chang, H. Jameel and W. Wizani. "Effect of
Pretreatment with Green Liquor, AQ and Polysulfide on the Performance
of an Extended Batch System", 1998 TAPPI Pulping Conference
Proceedings, Montreal, p. 419.

Magnotta, V., A. Kirkman, H. Jameel and J. Gratzl. "High Kappa Pulping
and Extended Oxygen Delignification to Increase Yield", 1998 TAPPI
Breaking the Yield Barrier Symposium, Atlanta.

Kadla, J.F., J.P. DeYoung and J.M. DeSimone. "The Thermal
Decomposition of Perfluoroalkyl Peroxides in Carbon Dioxide", oral
presentation at the National American Chemical Society Conference,
Boston, MA, Aug. 23, 1997.

Pekarovikova, A., R.A. Venditti, and Y. Jean. "Positron Annihilation
Lifetime Spectroscopial Study of Kraft Pulps after Individual Bleaching
Stages and Beating", Journal Cellulose Chemistry and Technology,
accepted for publication, 1998.

Jacobs-Young, Chavonda, Heitmann, John A., Venditti, Richard A., and
Joyce, Thomas W. "Conventional Kraft Pulping Using Enzyme
                             126
Pretreatment Technology: Role of Chip Thickness, Specie and Enzyme
Combinations", invited to present at the AICHE Forest.

Eriksonn, Lori A. and Heitmann, John A., Jr. "Applications of Enzyme
Technology in the Paper Industry", TAPPI Pulping Conference, Montreal,
Oct. 25-29, 1998. Vol. 3, pp. 1301-1312.

Eriksonn, Lori A. and Heitmann, John A. "Enzyme Treatment of Wood
Chips for Mechanical Pulping and the Resulting Effects on Wood and
Fiber Ultrastructure", Seventh International Conference on Biotechnology
in the Pulp and Paper Industry, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 16- 19,
1998.

Nemeth, A., H. Jameel, T.W. Joyce, I. Kovacs and D.J. Erdelyi. "Enzyme
Bleaching Following Kraft/AQ or Kraft/AQ/Polysulfide Pulping", Cellulose
Chem. Technol., 32, pp. 291-298, 1998.

Jacobs, C.J., R.A. Venditti, and T.W. Joyce. "Effects of Enzymatic Pre-
Treatments on
Conventional Kraft Pulping", TAPPI, 81(2), 1998, pp. 143-147.

Jacobs, C.J., R.A. Venditti, and T.W. Joyce. "Effects of Enzymatic Pre-
Treatments on the Diffusion of Sodium Hydroxide in Wood", TAPPI, 81(1),
1998, pp. 260-266.

Jacobs, C.J., R.A. Venditti, and T.W. Joyce. "Enzyme Applications in
Conventional Kraft Pulping", in Enzyme Applications in Fiber Processing
Series No. 687, Ed. Eriksonn, K., ACS Books, Washington DC, 1998, pp.
55-64.

Jacobs-Young, C.J., J.A. Heitmann, and R.A. Venditti. "Conventional
Kraft Pulping Using Enzyme Pre-Treatment Technology: Role of Chip
Thickness, Specie and Enzyme Combinations", in Innovative Advances in
the Forest Products Industries, AICHE Symposium Series No. 319, Ed.
Brogdon, B., AICHE Books, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1-15, 1998.

Byrd, M., Prior, E., and Snyder, W. 1997. Two-stage Pulping of Wheat
Straw Using Mild Acid and Alkali Treatment: The Effect of Acid-Stage
Conditions on Delignification and Pulp Quality, proceedings, TAPPI 1997
Pulping Conference (San Francisco), Book 2, 155-160.

Jacobs-Young, Chavonda, Heitmann, John A., Venditti, Richard A., and
Joyce, Thomas W. "Conventional Kraft Pulping using Enzyme
Pretreatment Technology: Role of Chip Thickness, Specie and Enzyme
Combinations," 1997 AIChE Forest Products Symposium, Brian N.
Brogdon, Ed., AIChE Books. Peer Reviewed.
                            127
Gratzl, J. S. "Pulping Mechanisms" 1998 National ACS Meeting, ACS
Cellulose Division, Tutorial, Dallas, TX, March 1998.

Cui Y., Chen, C.-L., and Gratzl, J. S. "Manganese (IV) Complex -
Catalyzed Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Lignin Model Compounds,
1998 National ACS Meeting, Cellulose Division, (Oral Presentation),
Dallas, TX, March, 1998.

Jameel, H., Kirkman, A. G., Gratzl, J. "High Kappa Pulping Followed by
Extended Oxygen Delignification". 1997 Pulping Conference
Proceedings, San Francisco, p. 839.

Jacobs, C. J., Venditti, R. A. and Joyce, T. W. “Effects of Enzyme Pre-
Treatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping”, TAPPI, 81(2), pp. 143-147
(1998).

Jacobs, C. J., Venditti, R. A. and Joyce, T. W. “Effects of Enzymatic Pre-
Treatment on the Diffusion of Sodium Hydroxide in Wood”, TAPPI, 81(1),
pp. 260-266 (1998).

Jacobs, C. J., Heitmann, J. A., Venditti, R. A. and Joyce, T. W.
“Conventional Kraft Pulping Using Enzyme Pretreatment Technology:
Role of Chip Thickness, Species, and Enzyme Combinations” 1997
AICHE Forest Product Symposium Book, Ed. B. Brogdon, AICHE Books,
Atlanta GA, 1998.

Jacobs, C. J., Venditti, R. A. and Joyce, T. W. “Effect of Enzyme
Pretreatments on Conventional Kraft Pulping” Tappi Pulping Conference,
pp. 593-601, San Francisco, 1997.

Gerber, P. J., Heitmann, J. A., and Joyce, T. W., “Purification and
Characterization of Xylanases from Trichoderma,” Bioresource
Technology, 61(2):127-140. Aug., 1997.

Ericksson, L. A., Heitmann, J. A. Jr. and Venditti, R. A. “Drainage and
Strength Properties of OCC and ONP using Enzymes with Refining,”
Proceedings of the 1997 Tappi Recycling Symposium, Chicago, IL, April
14-16, 1997, Tappi Press, pp. 423-433.

Ramasubramanian, M. K. and Swecker, M. D. "An experimental
investigation of brim forming in paperboard containers", Symposium
Proceedings on the Mechanics of Cellulosic Materials, ASME AMD Vol.
221, MD Vol. 77, pp. 101-106, 1997.

Ramasubramanain, M. K. and Beacham, J. A. "Design and Performance
                             128
of a Laboratory Creping Device", presented at the TAPPI Papermakers
and Engineering Joint Conference, Nashville, TN, October 1997.

Eriksson, L. A., Heitmann, J. A. and Venditti, R. A. “Freeness
Improvement of Recycled Fibers Using Enzymes with Refining”,
Proceedings of the American Chemical Society, Cellulose Division, in
press, San Francisco CA, 1998.

Rajan, P.S., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1996, Formation of Chloro-
organics during Chlorine Bleaching of Softwood Kraft Pulp. Part 2.
Chlorination of Pine Kraft Lignin Fractions, Holzforschung, 50: 165-174.

Gratzl, J.S., 1996 Innovations in the Chemistry of Pulping and Bleaching,
Anselme Payen Award Lecture, 21st National Meeting of the American
Chemical Society, New Orleans, LA, March 24-28, 1996

Potthast, A., Rosenau, T., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1996 The
Laccase-Mediator System – Reaction. Mechanisms and Applications,
Proc. 211th ACS National Meeting, Abstract Cell No. 133, New Orleans,
LA. March 24-28, 1996

Kadla, J.F., Cornman, C.R., Chang, H-m., Gratzl, J.S. and Jameel, H.
1996 An EPR-Investigation into the Role of Radicals in Nitrile activated
Peroxide. Proc. 211th ACS National Meeting, Abstract Cell No. 216

Prasad, D.Y., Jameel, H., Gratzl, J.S. and Tu X. 1996 Use of
AQ/Polysulfide Pulping Additive for Production of Linerboard Pulp,
Proceedings of 1996 TAPPI Pulping Conference, Book 1, 59-72,
Nashville, TN, October 27-31, 1996

Jameel, H., Gratzl, J., Parsad, D.Y., and Chivukula, S., 1995 Extending
Delignification with AQ/Polysulfide, TAPPI, 1995, 78 (9), 151-160

Gratzl, J.S. 1995 Delignification and Bleaching Principles. 1995 TAPPI-
NCSU Workshop on Emerging Pulping and Bleaching Technologies,
Course Notes, Section II Pulping, pp.1-45, Durham, NC May 15-17, 1995

Griffin, C.W., Kumar, K.R., Gratzl, J.S. and Jameel, H. 1995. Effect of
adding Anthraquinone and Polysulfide to the Modified Continuous
Cooking (MCC) Process. Proc. 1995 TAPPI Pulping Conference, p.19,
Chicago, IL, October 1995

Parsad, D.J., Jameel, H., and Gratzl, J. 1995. Extending Delignification of
Hardwood Pulps with Anthraquinone and Polysulfide. Proc. 1995 TAPPI
Pulping Conference, p. 371, Chicago, IL, October 1995
                             129
J. Roberts, R. Spontak, H. Jameel and S. Khan “A Novel Approach to
Black Liquor Viscosity Reduction Using Salt Additives”, TAPPI J., vol 79,
No. 8, p 167, 1996

Chang, H-m., H. Jameel, J-F. Song, D. Pan, B. Amini, JR. Webster and
B.E. Evans, 1996, Process for Preparing a Bleaching Liquor Containing
Percarboxylic and Caro‟s Acid, US Patent 5,589,032

Chang, H-m., H. Jameel, J-F. Song, D. Pan, B. Amini, JR. Webster and
B.E. Evans, 1997, Method of Oxidatively Treating a Substrate with an
Equilibrium Mixture of Caro‟s Acid and a Percarboxylic Acid, US Patent
5,693,185

Chang, H-m. and R. L. Farrell, 1996, The Effect of Xylanase Treatment on
the Bleachability of softwood and Hardwood Kraft Pulps, Biotechnology in
the Pulp and Paper Industry, Recent Advances in Applied and
Fundamental Research, E. Srebotnik and K. Messner, Editors, Facultas
Universitatsverlag, Vienna, Austria, pp. 75-80.

Peralta, P.N., and A.P. Bangi. "Modeling Wood Moisture Sorption
Hysteresis Based on Similarity Hypothesis. I. Direct Approach", Wood
and Fiber Science 30(1), 1998, pp. 48-55.

Peralta, P.N., and A.P. Bangi. "Modeling Wood Moisture Sorption
Hysteresis Based on Similarity Hypothesis. II. Capillary-Radii Approach",
Wood and Fiber Science 30(2), 1998, pp. 148-154.

Peralta, P.N., and A.P. Bangi. "A New Approach to Monitoring the Drying
Process", Spring 1998 Meeting of the Southeastern Dry Kiln Club,
Lynchburg, VA.

Peralta, P.N., and A.P. Bangi. "Grid-Based Tactile Sensor for Shrinkage
Pressure Measurement", Technical Session, 52nd Annual Meeting of the
Forest Products Society, Merida, Mexico.

Stewart, C.W. and E.A. Wheeler. "Wood-Bark Spirality Correlations in
Chamaecyparis thyoides", in Proceedings Atlantic White-Cedar: Ecology
and Management Symposium. Christopher Newport University, Newport
News, VA, August 6-7, 1997, in press, USDA For. Serv. South For. Exp.
Stn., Asheville, NC.

Hart, C.A., L.T. Henry, and E.A. Wheeler. "Anatomical and Physiological
Bases for Bacterial Infection of the Water-Conducting System in Oak
Trees", in Environment and Wood Science, I. Pezlen, editor, Acta

                             130
Facultatis Ligniensis, University of Sopron, Sopron, Hungary, pp. 23-30.

Taylor, J.B., A.L. Carrano and R.L. Lemaster. "Quantification of the
Effects of Process Parameters ina Wood Sanding Process", Forest
Products Journal 49 (5): 41-46, 1999.

Taylor, J.B., A.L. Carrano and R.L. Lemaster. "Assessment of Surface
Quality of Machining Processes in Wood-Based Furniture Industry",
Proceedings of the Industrial Engineering Research Conference, May 23-
24, 1999, Phoenix, AZ, published by the Institute of Industrial Engineers.

Mitchell, P. (August 1997). Modernizing the rough mill. Wood and Wood
Products, pp. 33, 35 37, 39, 127.

Forbes, C. (1998). Hardwood plywood product and service attributes
important to North American hardwood plywood distributors. Forest
Products Journal, 48(6),23-27.

Peralta, P.N. and A.P. Bangi. 1998. Modeling wood moisture sorption
hysteresis based on similarity hypothesis. Part II. Capillary-radii
approach. Wood and Fiber Science 30(2):148-154.

Peralta, P.N. and A.P. Bangi. 1998. Modeling wood moisture sorption
hysteresis based on similarity hypothesis. Part I. Direct approach. Wood
and Fiber Science 30(1):48-55.

Lemaster, R.L, and J.S. Stewart. 1995. Progress in evaluating surface
quality using optical profilometer techniques. Proceedings of the 12th
International Wood Machining Seminar, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 81-91, October,
1995.

Lemaster, R.L., 1997. The use of an optical profilometer to monitor product
quality in wood and wood-based products. Proceedings of the National
Particleboard Association Sanding and Sawing Seminar, Charlotte, NC,
November 1995,17 pages, published by the Forest Products Society.

Stewart, J.S. and R.L. Lemaster. 1995. NC State program offers new
advances in tooling. Modern Woodworking, December, 1995.

Lemaster, R.L., and F.C. Beall. 1996. The use of an optical profilometer to
measure surface roughness in medium density fiberboard. Forest Products
Journal, Vol. 46(11/12):73-78.

Lemaster, R.L., F.C. Beall, and V.R. Lewis. 1997. Detection of wood-
destroying insects with acoustic emission. Forest Products Journal, Vol.
47(2):75-79.
                             131
Lewis, V.R.,R.F. Fouche, and R.L. Lemaster. 1997, Evaluation of Dog-
assisted searches and electronic odor devices for detecting the Western
Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), Forest Products Journal.

 Lemaster, R.L., 1997. Hardwood machining R&D: surface quality and
process monitoring technologies. Proceedings of the Eastern Hardwood
Resource, Technologies, and Markets Conference. April 21-23, Camp Hill,
Pennsylvania. Published by the Forest Products Society, pp. 109-120.

Lemaster, R.L., 1997. Wood Machining & Tooling Research Program.
Technical Forum, Proceedings of the Eastern Hardwood Resource,
Technologies, and Markets Conference. April 21-23, Camp Hill,
Pennsylvania. Published by the Forest Products Society, pp. 200-202.

Taylor, J.B., A. L. Carrano, and R. L. Lemaster. 1999. Quantification of the
effects of process parameters in a wood sanding process, Forest Products
Journal 49(5):41-46.

Taylor, J. B., A. L. Carrano, and R. L. Lemaster. 1999. Assessment of
surface quality of machining processes in wood-based furniture industry,
Proceedings, Industrial Engineering Research Conference, May 23-24,
Phoenix, Arizona. Published by the Institute of Industrial Engineers.

Lemaster, R. L., L. Lu, and S. Jackson, The use of process monitoring
techniques on CNC wood routers, Part 1, sensor selection, Forest Products
Journal, Accepted for Publication, July, 1999.

Lemaster, R. L., L. Lu, and S. Jackson, The use of process monitoring
techniques on CNC wood routers, Part 2, Use of a Vibration Accelerometer
to Monitor Tool Wear and Workpiece Quality, Forest Products Journal,
Accepted for Publication, July, 1999.

Lemaster, R. L., J. B. Taylor. 1999. High speed surface assessment of
wood and wood-based composites, 14th International Wood Machining
Seminar, September 12-19, 1999, Paris, Epinal, Cluny – France.

Taylor, J. B., R. L. Lemaster, and A. L. Carrano. 1999. Experimental
modeling of the sanding process - the relationship between input and
output parameters, 14th International Wood Machining Seminar,
September 12-19, 1999, Paris, Epinal, Cluny – France.

Taylor, J., Carrano, A. and R. Lemaster. 2000. Process Modeling of
Abrasive Machining in Wood-Based Furniture Industry, In Proceedings of
the 9th Industrial Engineering Research Conference, Cleveland, OH, May
19 – 21, 2000.
                             132
University of Washington:

      Grants and Contracts

             9/94 - 6/97 U.S. Forest Service; $45,000; “FactNet Analysis Pulpmill
             Operations

             6/95 Sunds Defibrator, $6,000, “SuperBatch Simulations”

             9/95 - 6/97 Potlatch Corp., $50,000, “Cloquet Mill and Pilot Plant
             Simulations”

             9/95 - 6/97 Weyerhaeuser Co. $30,000, “Pulp Quality Simulation Tools”

             9/98 – 9/00 Champion International, $50,000, “Advanced Bleach Plant
             Control”

      Publications and Patents

             Agarwal, N., Gustafson, R.R., “Effect of Carbohydrate Degradation on
             Zero-span Tensile Strength,” Tappi 78(1):97, 1995

             Kumar, S., Gustafson, R.R., Rushton, J., "Information discovery in a pulp
             and paper mill," Process Control News (for the Pulp and Paper Industries)
             19, no. 4: p 2 (1999).

             Kumar, S.; Gustafson, R., Analysis of Kappa Variability in a Kamyr
             Digester and Oxygen Reactor, 1998 Process Control, Electrical &
             Information Conference: Proceedings1998 Process Control, Electrical &
             Information Conference; Vancouver, British Columbia CA(TAPPI): 417-
             424 (March 16, 1998; TAPPI Press).

             Paun, D.A.; Bjorkman, A.; Nelson, C.E.; Fleishman, S.J.; Mason, C.L.;
             Wilson, S.P.; Ness, J.; Roos, J.; Gustafson, R.R. Performance analysis of
             North American pulp, paper, and packaging companies, TAPPI 81, no. 12:
             75-82 (Dec 1998).

             Täyteaineen lisääminen ei-kuivuneiden massakuitjen soluseinämään
             Tillsättning av fyllmedel i cellväggen hos icketorkade massafibrer
             Finnish Patent 100196, October 15,1997.

             Enhancement of the optical properties of a bagasse newsprint furnish by
             fiber wall filler (with J.P. Carroll, G. Jimenez and A. Negri)
             Cell. Chem. Tech., 1998, 32, 339.

                                          133
Selective adsorption: A new approach to cellulose protection during
bleaching (with R.G. Aravamuthan, C. Christien, A.J. Marshall and B.A.
Petersen) Cell. Chem. Tech.


L. Edwards, “Modeling and Optimization in the Pulp and Paper Industry;
Historical Perspective,” keynote at Georgia Pacific Corporation Process
Optimization Conference, April 4, 2000.

M. Pescantin, L. Edwards, Y. Gu and D. Juhasz, “Screening Technology:
Industrial Experience With Compact, High Performance, High
Consistency Screens,” presented at TAPPI 2000 Recycling Symposium,
Washington D.C., March 2000.

L. Edwards, “Model (Simulation) Based Control or The Control of
Everything,” keynote at SPCI ‟99 Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, June
3, 1999.

B. Malmberg, Y. Gu, L. Edwards, T. Jonsson, “Prediction of pH and
Filtrate Recycle Optimization in Bleach Plants,” presented at National
AIChE Meeting, Dallas, TX, 1999. Under review, Chemical Engineering
Communications.

Gu, Y., and L. Edwards, “Kraft Mill Fiberline Simulation Including Rigorous
Metals Equilibrium Calculations,” presented at ISETPP, November 98,
Guangzhou China.

Malmberg, B., Y. Gu, L. Edwards, S. Rassat, J. Sukamto, g. Josphson, R.
Orth, M. Lilga and R. Hallen, “Electrically Switched Ion Exchange (ESIX),
A New Approach to Managing Potassium Levels in Pulp Mills with
Increased Water Recycle,” presented at 1998 TAPPI Pulping Conference,
October 98, Montreal, accepted for publication in TAPPI Journal.

Paun, D.A., Trendel, O., Mathews, J., Cunningham, K., Mead, M., Nelson,
J., Liu, Y., Swanson, M., K.T. Hodgson, and E.B. Kelley, “A Financial
Analysis of North American Pulp, Paper, and Packaging Firms”, TAPPI
Journal, 82(9): 59 (1999).

Bjorkman, A., Paun, D., and Jacobs-Young, C.J. (1997), An Analysis of
Financial Performance, Capital Expenditures, and International Activity in
the North American Pulp and Paper Industry, Technical Association of the
Pulp and Paper Industry Journal, 80(10):71-84.

Paun, D., Jacobs-Young, C., Trendel, O., Sonne, E., Howard, K., Ceder,
K., Crump, C., and Oliver, C. (2000), "A Financial Performance Review of
North American Pulp, Paper, and Packaging Firms," Technical Association
                             134
of the Pulp and Paper Industry Journal, 83(7):5-10.

Andy Hanneman, B.F. Hrutfiord and W.T. McKean, Behavior of Non-
Cellulosic Polysaccharides during TM Pulping and Peroxide Bleaching of
Western Hemlock and Lodgepole Pine, accepted Nordic Pulp and Paper
Research Journal, Jan 2000.

Jacobs, R.S., W.L. Pan, W.S. Fuller, W.T. McKean, “Washington Wheat
Straw: Variations in Fiber Properties” 1998 Pulping Conference
Proceedings, TAPPI P{res, Atlanta, pp. 477-483.

Jacobs, R.S. and W.T. McKean, “Refining Wheat Straw Pulp: A
Comparison with Hardwoods” 1997 Pulping Conference Proceedings,
Tappi Press, Atlanta, pp. 667-672.

Pan, W.L., R.S. Jacobs, B.C. Miller, R.A. Allan, W.S. Fuller, and W.T.
McKean. “Prospects for Utilizing Wheat Straw from the Pacific
Northwestern United States in Paper Production” U.S. – Egypt
Manufacturing Technologies workshop, sponsored by NSF, Egypt NRC,
December 6-9, 1996.

McKean, Bill, Roberta Jacobs, and Bill Pan, “Straw Pulp Utilization:
Implications for Cropping Systems, the Environment, and Emerging Fiber
Markets" Wheat Life, 38(11): 43(1995).




                             135
Improved Energy Performance




            136
                              Improved Energy Performance


Auburn:

   Grants and Contracts

            Ram B. Gupta (PI) Water Recycling/Removal Using Temperature-Sensitive
            Department of Energy, Agenda 2020 Environmental Performance
            Research Award $461,246 (Extramural: $368,997; Auburn: $92,249)Period
            Covered: October 1, 1998 - September 30, 2001

   Publications and Patents

            Anderson, E.C.; Gupta, R.B., "Thermoreversible-Hydrogel based
            Energy-Efficient Water Separation in Pulp and Paper Industry," National
            Conference for the National Organization for the Professional
            Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers, San Diego, CA,
            April 5-10, 1999.

            Eric C. Anderson, MS Thesis: Hydrogel-based Separation,
            AuburnUniversity, July 1999

            Gupta R.B., Cai, W., Auburn University technology disclosure for patent
            filling: Synthesis and use of microstructed bulk-hydrogels, July 2000

N. C. State University
:
   Grants and Contracts

            Studies on RDH Extended Delignification by Chip Pre-Treatment,
            $90,000, Chang, Industry.

            Studies on RDH Extended Delignification by Chip Pre-Treatment,
            $270,000, Chang, Industry.

            Studies on RDH Extended Delignification by Chip Pre-Treatment,
            $90,000, Chang, Beloit Corp.

   Publications and Patents

            Coa, H., H. Jameel and A. Kirkman. “Dynamic Simulation of Rapid
            Displacement Heating Kraft Pulping System”, 1998 TAPPI International
            Engineering Conference, Miami, p. 301.

            K. R. Kumar, C. Jacobs, H. Jameel and H-m. Chang , “Bleachability
                                         137
             Difference between RDH and Kraft-02 Pulps: Role of Phenolic Hydroxyl
             Groups in the Residual Lignin”, International Pulp Bleaching Conference,
             Washington D.C., p.147, April 1996

             K.R. Kumar, H-m. Chang and H. Jameel, “Effect of Pulping Conditions on
             the Bleachability of RDH Hardwoods: Part II: Mechanism of Bleachablity
             Enhancement by White Liquor Profliling”, The Proceedings of the
             International Symposium on Cellulose and Lignocellousics ‟96,
             Guangzhou, China, p.10, June 6-8, 1996

             S-h. Yang, H. Zhan, H. Jameel and H-m Chang , “Conventional and RDH
             Kraft Pulping of Larch and Southern Pine”, The Proceedings of the
             International Symposium on Cellulose and Lignocellousics ‟96,
             Guangzhou, China, p.174, June 6-8, 1996

             K.R. Kumar, H-m. Chang and H. Jameel, Effect of Pulping Conditions on
             the Bleachability of RDH Hardwoods: Part II: Mechanism of Bleachablity
             Enhancement by White Liquor Profiling, The Proceedings of the
             International Symposium on Cellulose and Lignocelluosics ‟96, June 6-8,
             1996, Guangzhou, China, p.10

             S-h. Yang, H. Zhan, H. Jameel and H-m. Chang, Conventional and RDH
             Kraft Pulping of Larch and Southern Pine, The Proceedings of the
             International Symposium on Cellulose and Lignocelluosics ‟96, June 6-8,
             1996, Guangzhou, China, p. 174

             K.R. Kumar, C. Jacobs, H. Jameel and H-m. Chang, Bleachability
             between RDH and Kraft- O2 Pulps- Role of Phenolic Hydroxyl Groups in
             the Residual Lignin, The Proceedings of the 1996 International Pulp
             Bleaching Conference, April 14-18, 1996, Washington D.C., Book 1, pp.
             147-162

University of Washington:

   Publications and Patents

             The microporosity of pulp: the effect of filler location on the drainage,
             pressing, and drying of pulp and paper (Graham Allen with J.P. Carroll,
             M.L Paramaporn Devakula, K. Gaw, A.A. Joseph and J. Pitchitlamken)
             Tappi J.,1997, 80(8), 175.

             J.J. Feeley, L.L. Edwards, and R.W. Smith, “Optimal Digital Control of A




                                          138
Laboratory-Scale Paper Machine Headbox,” IEEE Transactions on
Education, Nov., 99, Vol. 42, No. 4, p. 337.

Ledbetter, R., Pettit, R. Jaegel, A., Beer, C., Marcoccia, B., Gu, Y., and L.
Edwards, “Impact of Falling Film, Cross-Flow Green Liquor Filtration and
Modified Kraft Cooking on Mill Closure at Louisiana Pacific, Samoa Mill,”
presented at TAPPI Minimum Effluent Mills Symposium, San Francisco,
October, 1997.




                              139
New Forest Based Materials




           140
                            New Forest Based Materials


Auburn:

  Grants and Contracts

           Enhancement of Dilute-Acid Total-Hydrolysis Process for High-Yield
           Saccharification of Cellulosic Biomass Office of Energy
           Efficiency/Department of Energy $118,965 09/27/99 B 09/26/2000, Y.Y.
           Lee

           Process Design and Modeling on Continuous Co-current Reactor Operated
           for Total Biomass Hydrolysis Under Low Acid and High Temperature
           Condition National Renewable Energy Laboratory $294,170 06/03/97-
           09/30/2000, Y.Y. Lee

           Application of Ammonia Recycled Percolation for Pretreatment and
           Fractionation of Biomass, Y.Y. Lee

           Korea Institute of Energy Research, Taejon, Korea $125,000 01/01/97 B
           06/30/2000 , Y.Y. Lee

           Process Design and Kinetic Investigation on Dilute Acid Pretreatment of
           Hardwood and Herbaceous Biomass Feedstock National Renewable
           Energy Laboratory, $332,273, 10/01/94 - 2/28/97, Y.Y. Lee

           Added Value Reclamation of Solid Waste - Lactic Acid Production from
           Pulp Mill Solid Wastes NSF/EPSCoR, $63,767, 08/01/96 - 07/31/98, Y.Y.
           Lee

           Application of ammonia recycled percolation for biomass
           pretreatment/fractionation and lignin liquefaction Korea Institute of Energy
           Research, $92,672, 1/26/96 - 1/25/97, Y.Y. Lee

           Ammonia-Recycled Percolation Process for Pretreatment of Biomass
           Feedstock National Renewable Energy Laboratory, $168,334, 01/26/94 -
           08/31/95, Y.Y. Lee

           Lactic Acid Production from Pulpmill Solid Waste PPREC, $30,000,
           10/01/94 - 9/30/96, Y.Y. Lee

           Suhling, J. C., "Finite Element Corroboration of Buckling Phenomena of
           Corrugated Fiberboard Structures," U.S.D.A., 9/15/94 - 6/30/98, $42,000.
                                        141
Publications and Patents

         Y. Y. Lee and Z. Wu, “Modeling of Countercurrent Continual Shrinking-Bed
         Reactor System Applied to Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic
         Biomass”, Bioresource Technology, 71,29-39, 2000

         P.Iyer and Y. Y. Lee, “Simultaneous Fermentation and Extractive
         Fermentation of Lignocellulosic Materials into Lactic Acid in Two-Zone
         Fermenter-Extractor System”, Applied Biochem. & Biotechnol Technology,
         77-79, 409-420, 1999

         P. Iyer and Y. Y. Lee, “Effect of Lactic Acid on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of
         Cellulose”, Biotechnoogy Letters, 21, 371-373, 1999

         Y. Y. Lee, P. Iyer, and R. W. Torget, “Dilute-Acid hydrolysis of
         Lignicellulosic Biomass”, Advances in Biochemical Engineering and
         Biotechnology, Vol. 65, 93-116, 1999

         Z. Wu and Y. Y. Lee, “Non-isothermal Simultaneous Saccharification and
         Fermentation for Direct Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol”,
         Applied Biochem. & Biotechnol, 70, 479-492, 1998

         Rongfu Chen and Y. Y. Lee, “Shrinking-Bed Model for Percolation Process
         Applied to Dilute Acid Pretreatment/Hydrolysis of Cellulosic Biomass”,
         Applied Biochem. & Biotechnol., 70, 37-50, 1998

         R. Chen and Y. Y. Lee, “Membrane-Mediatedted Extractive Fermentation
         for Lactic Acid Production from Cellulosic Biomass”, 63-65, 435-449, 1997,
         Applied Biochem. & Biotechnol.

         R. Chen and Y. Y. Lee, “Membrane-Mediatedted Extractive Fermentation
         for Lactic Acid Production from Cellulosic Biomass” , 63-65, 435-449, 1997,
         Applied Biochem. & Biotechnol.

         Z. Wu and Y. Y. Lee, Ammonia Recycled Percolation as a Complementary
         Pretreatment to Dilute-acid Process, 63-65, 21-34, 1997, Applied
         Biochem. & Biotechnol.

         Z. Wu and Y. Y. Lee, Effect of Ethanol on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of
         Cellulose, Vol.9, No.10, 977-979, 1997, Biotechnoogy Letters

         Luo, S., Suhling, J. C. and Laufenberg, T. L., “Bending and Twisting Tests
         for Measurement of the Stiffnesses of Corrugated Board,” Mechanics of
         Cellulosic Materials - 1995, ASME, AMD - Vol. 209, pp. 91-109, ASME
                                      142
Summer Applied Mechanics and Materials Conference, Los Angeles, CA,
June 28-30, 1995.


Liang, S. and Suhling, J. C., “Finite Element and Experimental Study on the
Embossing of Low Basis Weight Papers,” Proceedings of the 1996
International Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, pp. 23-26, Stockholm,
Sweden, June 9-14, 1996.

Hung, S. C. and Suhling, J. C., Rate Dependent Pure Shear Behavior of
Linerboard,” Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Moisture
and Creep Effects on Paper, Board, and Containers, pp. 69-84, Rotorua,
New Zealand, February 20-21, 1997.

Liang, S. and Suhling, J. C., “Finite Element and Experimental Study on the
Embossing of Low Basis Weight Papers,” Mechanics of Cellulosic Materials
- 1997, ASME, AMD - Vol. 221, pp. 55-68, 1997

Suhling, J. C., Gilchrist, A. C., Suh, S. and Urbanik, T. J., “Nonlinear Finite
Element Modeling of Corrugated Board,” Proceedings of the 1998
International Paper Physics Seminar, Paper D4, Vancouver, Canada,
August 9-14, 1998.

Li, H. P. and Suhling, J. C., “Moisture Induced Deformations of Multilayer
Papers and Corrugated Board,” Proceedings of the 4th International
Symposium on Moisture and Creep Effects of Paper, Board, and
Containers, pp. 57-81, Grenoble, France, March 18-19, 1999.

Gilchrist, A. C., Suhling, J. C. and Urbanik, T. J., “Nonlinear Finite Element
Modeling of Corrugated Board,” Mechanics of Cellulosic Materials - 1999,
ASME, AMD - Vol. 231, pp. 101-106, ASME Mechanics and Materials
Conference, Blacksburg, VA, June 27-30, 1999.

Tatarchuk, B.J., King, B.R., et al., "Reactive Oxygen Sticking Coefficients
and Oxidation Rates at Nobium Space Radiators," Thin Solid Films.

Tatarchuk, B.J., Sanders, J.H., "Pinhole Plugging Characteristics of
Silica/Iron/Silver Protective Coatings in Atomic Oxygen," Thin Solid Films.

Tatarchuk, B.J., Zabinski, J.S., "Chemical Reactivity at Buried-Interfaces:
Iron on Nonstoichiometric or Defected Molybdenite," Surface Science.




                              143
N. C. State University:

   Grants and Contracts

              Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components & Morphology in
              Juvenile Pine, $459,000, Chang and Kadla, DOE.

              Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components & Morphology in
              Juvenile Pine, $15,000, Kadla, NCSU.

              Exploiting Genetic Variation of Fiber Components & Morphology in
              Juvenile Loblolly Pine, $249,387, Chang, NC Biotechnology Center.

              Biomass Residues as Precursors for Mesogenic Materials, $5,000, Kadla,
              NCSU Research Fund.

              Integrated Utilization of Agricultural Residues for Fibers and Chemicals,
              $105,723, Chen, USDA.

              Repulpability of Cellulose Acetate Fibers (PSA), $2,500, Venditti, Industry.

              Measurement of Shrinkage Pressure as it relates to Internal Drying
              Stresses in Red Oak, $5,000, Peralta, NCSU Research Fund.

              Melt Spinning of Thermotropic Cellulose Derivatives, $120,000, Venditti,
              USDA.

              Integrated Utilization of Nonwood Materials for Fibers and Chemicals,
              $30,000, Gratzl, Kenan Institute.

   Patents and Publications

              Rosenau, T., Potthast, A., Kosma, P.l., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1999,
              “Autocatalytic Decomposition of N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide Induced by
              Mannich Intermediates”, J. Org. Chem. 64: 2166-2167.

              Ramos, L.P., Mathis, A.L., Silva, F.T., Cotrim, A.R., Ferraz, A.L. and Chen,
              C.-L. 1999, “Characterization of residual lignin after SO 2-catalyzed stem
              explosion and enzymatic hydrolysis of Eucalyptus viminalis woodchips”,
              Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47: 2295-2302.

              Gratzl, J.S., and C.-L. Chen. 1999. Chemistry of Pulping; Lignin Reactions.
              In ACS Symposium Series Volume 742, Chapter 20 "Lignin: Historical,
              Biological, and Materials Perspectives" (Glasser, W.; Northey, R.A.; Schultz,
                                            144
T.P., eds), pp. 392-421, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1999.

Chen, C.-L., Potthast, A., Rosenau, T., J.S. Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G.,
Nagai, D. and Miyakoshi, T. 2000, “Laccase-Catalyzed Oxidation of 1-(3,4-
Dimethoxypehenyl)-1-propene Using ABTS as Mediator”, J. Mol. Cat. B:
enzyme 8: 213-219.

Potthast, A., Rosenau, T., Kosma, P.l., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 2000,
“Confirmation    of  the    Presence     of   Formaldehyde       and    N-
(Methylene)morpholinium Cations as Reactive Species in the
Cellulose/NMMO/Water System by Trapping Reactions”, Holzforschung 54:
101-103.

Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G. and Jakob, H.
2000, “Kinetic Studies on Oxidation of Veratryl Alcohol by Laccase-Mediator
System. Part 1. Effects of Mediator Concentration”, Holzforschung 54: 159-
164.

Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G. and Jakob, H.
2000, “Kinetic Studies on Oxidation of Veratryl Alcohol by Laccase-
Mediator System. Part 2. The kinetics of dioxygen uptake”, Holzforschung
54: 165-170.

Capanema, E.A., Balakshin, M.Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Gracz, H.
2000, “Structural Analysis of Residual and Technical Lignins by 1H-13C
Correlation 2D NMR Spectroscopy”, Holzforschung 54.

Capanema, E.A., Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Kirkman,
A.G. 2000, “Oxidative Ammonolysis of Technical Lignins. Part 1. Kinetics of
the Reaction under Isothermal Condition at 130C”, Holzforschung 54.

Capanema, E.A., Balakshin, M. Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Kirkman,
A.G. 2000, “Oxidative Ammonolysis of Technical Lignins. Part 2. Effect of
Oxygen Pressure”, Holzforschung 54.

Kaya, Fikret, Heitmann, John A., and Joyce, Thomas W., “Influence of Lignin
and its Degradation Products on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Xylan”, Journal of
Biotechnology, Accepted for publication, 2000.

Kaya, F., Heitmann, J.A., Joyce, T.W., “Effect of dissolved lignin and related
compounds on the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose model compounds”,
Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 33(3-4): 203-213. May-Aug., 1999.

Ramasubramanian, M.K., “The Transverse Compression of Poly (para-
Phenyleneterephthalamide) Fibers 1: Single Fiber Transverse Compression

                              145
Testing”, with J.N. Singletary et. al., J. Mat. Sci., 35 (2000) 573-581.

Ramasubramanian, M.K., “The Transverse Compression of Poly (para-
Phenyleneterephthalamide) Fibers 2: Fiber Transverse Structure”, with J.N.
Singletary et. al., J. Mat. Sci. 35 (2000) 583-592.

Gilbert, R.D., Venditti, R.A., Zhang, C., and Koelling, K.W., “Melt spinning of
Thermotropic Cellulose Derivatives”, in press, Journal of Applied Polymer
Science, 2000.

Kadla, J.F., and Gilbert, R.D., “Cellulose Structure – A Review”, Cellulose
Chemistry and Technology, in print.

Kadla, J.F., and Gilbert, R.D., “Modification of Cellulose in Cellulosic
Polymers”, edited by J. Meister, in print.

Kadla, J.F., “Cellulose I and II – the Parallel/antiparallel Controversy
Revisited”, Cellulose, submitted.

Kadla, J.F., Bunyard, W.C., and DeSimone, J.M., “Activation Parameters for
the Thermal Decomposition of Flourinated Initiators: Evidence for Specific
Solvent-solute Interactions between CO2 and Flourocarbons”, submitted to
JACS.

Gratzl, J.S., and C.-L. Chen. 1999. Chemistry of Pulping; Lignin Reactions.
In ACS Symposium Series Volume 742, Chapter 20 "Lignin: Historical,
Biological, and Materials Perspectives", (Glasser, W.; Northey, R.A.; Schultz,
T.P., eds), pp. 392-421, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1999.

Eriksson, L.A., Heitmann, J.A., Jr., and Venditti, R.A., “Freeness
Improvement of Recycled Fibers using Enzymes with Refining,” Enzyme
Applications in Fiber Processing, ACS Vol. X.
Hubbe, M., “Paper: Wetting and Penetration of Liquids Into,” Encyclopedia of
Materials Technologies, Elsevier.

M.K. Ramasubramanian, “Mechanical Properties and Testing of Towel and
Tissue Papers”, Chapter in the Handbook of Physical and Mechanical
Testing of Paper and Paperboard,” Volume 1, Second Edition, Marcel
Dekker, New York. (Peer reviewed and accepted for publication).

R. Katahira, F. Nakatsubo and H-m. Chang, “Novel Quantitative
Determination of the Hydroxyl Groups in Lignin”, the proceedings of the 10th
International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry, June 7-10, 1999,
Yokohama, Japan, Vol. II, pp. 128-131.

                              146
Balakshin, M.Yu., Capanema, E.A., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Kirkman,
A.G. 1999, “The Mechanism of Lignin Degradation with Laccase-Mediator
System”, Proc. Advances in Wood Chemistry – International Symposium
honoring Josef S. Gratzl on the Occasion of his 70th birthday, Vienna,
Austria, May 31-Jun 1, 1999.

Capanema, E.A., Balakshin, M.Yu., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S., Kirkman, A.G.
and Gracz, H. 1999, “Effect of Temperature on the Rate of Oxidative
Ammonolysis and Structures of N-Modified Lignin”, Proc. the 10th
International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry, Vol. III, pp. 404-
409, Yokohama, Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

Gratzl. J.S. 1999, “Chemistry of Pulping: Reactions of Lignin Sidechains”,
Proc. Advances in Wood Chemistry – International Symposium honoring
Josef S. Gratzl on the Occasion of his 70th birthday, Vienna, Austria, May
31-Jun 1, 1999.

T. Zhu, J.F. Kadla, H-m. Chang, and H. Jameel, “Reactions of Lignin Model
Compounds with Peroxymonophosphoric Acid”, 10 th Biennal ISWPC
Symposium, p II 396, Yokohama Japan, June 7-10, 1999.

M.K. Ramasubramanian and Yyn Wang, “Constitutive Models for Paper and
Other Ribbon-like Nonwovens: A Literature Review”, ASME AMD Vol. 231,
MD-Vol-85, pp. 31-42, 1999.

Gratzl, J.S., and C.-L. Chen. 1999. Chemistry of Pulping; Lignin
Reactions. In ACS Symposium Servies Volume 742, Chapter 20 “Lignin:
Historical, Biological, and Materials Perspectives” (Glasser, W.; Northey,
R.A.; Schultz, T.P., eds), pp. 392-421, American Chemical Society,
Washington, DC, 1999.

K. R. Kumar, H-m. Chang and H. Jameel. "Estimation of Phenolic
Hydroxyl Content in Various Pulps", the Proceedings of the 1998
International Pulp Bleaching Conference, June 1-5, 1998, Helsinki,
Finland, pp. 603-608.

Katahira, R., F. Nakatsubo and H-m. Chang. "The New Method for the
Quantitative Determination of the Hroxyl Groups in Lignin", The
Proceedings of the 43rd Lignin Symposium of Japan, Nov. 9 10, 1998,
Tokyo, Japan, pp. 101-104.

Rosenau, T., A. Potthast, P. Kosma, C.-L. Chen and J.S. Gratzl.
"Autocatalytic Decomposition of N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide Induced by
Mannich Intermediates", J. Org. Chem., 64; in press, 1999.

                             147
Potthast, A., T. Rosenau, P. Kosma, C.-L. Chen, and J.S. Gratzl.
"Confirmation of the Presence Of Formaldehyde and N-
(Methylene)morpholinium Cations as Reactive Species in the
Cellulose/NMMO/Water System by Trapping Reactions", Holzforschung,
53; in press, 1999.

Balakshin, M. Yu., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, A.G. Kirkman, and H. Jakob.
"Kinetic Studies on Oxidation of Veratryl Alcohol by Laccase-Mediator
System. Part 1. Effects of Mediator Concentration", Holzforschung; in
press, 1999.

Balakshin, M. Yu., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, A.G. Kirkman, and H. Jakob.
"Kinetic Studies on Oxidation of Veratryl Alcohol by Laccase-Mediator
System. Part 2. The Kinetics of Dioxygen Uptake", Holzforschung; in
press, 1999.

Chen, C.-L. "Characterization of Mill Wood Lignins and Dehydrogenative
Polymerization Products from Momolignols by Carbon-13 NMR
Spectroscopy", in ACS Symposium Series Volume 697, Chapter 18
"Lignin and Lignin Biosynthesis" (Lewis, N.; Sarkanen, S., eds, American
Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1998), pp. 255-275.

Gratzl, J.S., and C.-L. Chen. "Chemistry of Pulping; Lignin Reactions", in
ACS Symposium Series "Lignin: History, Reactions and Materials"
(Schultz, T.P.; Northey, R.A.; Glasser, W,; eds), American Chemical
Society, Washington, DC, 1999; in press.

Capanema, E.A., C.-L. Chen, J.S. Gratzl, and A.G. Kirkman. "Kinetic
Studies on Oxidation Ammonolysis of Technical Lignin", Book of
Abstracts, the 215th ACS National Meeting, Abstract No.: CELL 020,
Dallas, TX, March 29-April 2, 1998.

Capanema, E.A., C.-L.Chen, J.S. Gratzl, and A.G. Kirkman. "Studies on
the Mechanism of Oxidative Ammonolysis of Technical Lignin",
Proceedings of the 5th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp,
Aveiro, Portugal, August 30-September 2, 1998, pp. 397-400.

Kadla, J.F., R.D. Gilbert. "Polysaccharides-Cellulose in Natural
Polymers", edited by David Kaplan, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998, pp. 47-
90.

Kadla, J.F., R.D. Gilbert. "Cellulose I and II - The Parallel / Antiparallel
Controversy Revisited", oral presentation at the 50th Southeastern
Regional American Chemical Society Conference Research Triangle
Park, NC, Nov. 7, 1998.
                               148
Kaya, Fikret, Heitmann, John A., and Joyce, Thomas W. "Effect of
Dissolved Lignin and Related Compunds on the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of
Cellulose Model Compounds", Cellulose Chemistry and Technology,
32(3-4): in press, May-Aug., 1998.

Hubbe, M. “Paper: Wetting and Penetration of Liquids into”, Encyclopedia
of Materials Technologies, Elsevier. The chapter was solicited by the
subject editor and will appear in the revised edition to in late 1999 or
2000.

Ramasubramanian, M.K. and W.R. Crews. "Shear Strength of an
Adhesively Bonded Paper-Metal Interference", Journal of Pulp and Paper
Science (JPPS, Canada), Vol. 24, No. 1, January 1998, pp. 31-36.


Ramasubramanian, M.K. "Mechanical Properties and Testing of Towel
and Tissue Papers", Chapter in the Handbook of Physical and
Mechanical Testing of Paper and Paperboard, Volume 1, Second Edition,
Marcel Dekker, New York. (Peer reviewed and accepted for publication.)
1999.

Gratzl, J. S. "The By-product Potential of Nonwood Pulping Processes".
TAPPI, North American Nonwood Fiber Symposium, Atlanta, GA.,
February 17-18, 1998.

Plenary Lecture. Proc. The 5th Brazilian Symposium on the Chemistry of
Lignins and other Wood Components, P. 547-556, Curitiba, PR, Brazil,
August 31-September 5, 1997.

Ramasubramanian, M. K. and Crews, W. R. "Shear Strength of an
Adhesively Bonded Paper-Metal Interface", Journal of Pulp and Paper
Science (JPPS, Canada), Vol. 24, No. 1, January 1998, pp. 31-36.

Ramasubramanian, M. K. "Mechanical Properties and Testing of Towel
and Tissue Papers", Chapter in the Handbook of Physical and Mechanical
Testing of Paper and Paperboard, Volume I, Second Edition, Marcel
Dekker, New York. (Peer reviewed and accepted for publication.)

Venditti, R. A. and Gillham, J. K. "A Relationship Between the Glass
Transition Temperature (Tg) and Fractional Conversion for Thermosetting
Systems" Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 58, pp. 3-14 (1997).

Advanced in the Applications of Membrane-Mimetic Chemistry, T.F. Yen,
R.D. Gilbert and J.N. Fendler, Ed., Plenum, N.Y., 1995.
                            149
Making Strong Cellulose Fibers, CHEMTECH, 25 (11), 44, 1995.

Preparation of Ultra High Molecular Weight Poly (acrylonitrile) and Its
Terpolymers, J. Appl. Polym. 58, 2067, 1995 (with C. Zhang and R.E.
Fornes).

Preparation of High-Strength/High-Modulus Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
from Lyotropic Mesophases, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 58, 1365 (1995) (with
Xuechao Hu and R.E. Fornes)

Cellulosic Liquid Crystals, in The Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia, CRC
Press, In Press.

Polysaccharides-Cellulose in Biopolymers from Renewable Resources, D.
L. Kaplan, Ed., Springer, 1998

Modification of Cellulose in Cellulosic Polymers, edited by J. Meister, M.
Behler, 2000

Effect of Calcium Ions on the Water Retention of Alginate in Paper
Coatings (with M. Joyce and S. A. Kahn) J. Pulp & Paper Sci., 22 (4),
J1266 (1996).

The Influence of Carbozymethylated Chitosan on the Structure, Rheology,
and Dewatering Properties of Clay, (with M. Joyce & S.A. Kahn), TAPPI,
80 (5), 185 (1997).

Influence of Cationic Additives on the Rheological, Optical, and Printing
Properties of Ink-jet Coatings (with R. Y. Ru and S. A. Kahn), TAPPI, 82
(11), 129 (1998).

Melt Spinning of Thermotropic Cellulose Derivatives (with R.A. Venditti &
C. Zhang), J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Accepted for Publication.

Rosenau, T., Potthast, A., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1996 A Mild,
Simple and General Procedure for the Oxidation of Benzylalcohols to
Benzylaldehydes. Synth. Comm. 26 (2): 321-329.

Potthast, A., Rosenau, T., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S. 1996 A novel
Method for the Conversion of Benzylalcohols to Benzylaldehydes by
Laccase catalyzed Oxidation. J.Mol.Cat. A: Chem., 108, 5-9.

Gratzl, J.S. 1996 Optimum Exploitation of the Fiber and Chemical
Potential of Wood and Nonwood Resources, Symposium of the Int.
Council of the Chemistry of Biomass (COCVER) sponsored by UNESCO,
                             150
South China Institute of Technology, Guangzhou, China, October 20-24,
1996 (to be published in a forthcoming book covering the symposium)

Pan, G.Y., Chen, C.-L., Gratzl, J.S. and Chang, H-m. 1995. Model
Compound Studies on the Cleavage of Glycosidic Bonds by Ozone in
Aqueous Solutions. Res.Chem. Intermed., 1995, 21, 205-222.

Potthast.A., Rosenau, T., Chen, C.-L. and Gratzl, J.S., 1995 Selective
Enzymatic Oxidation of Aromatic Methyl Groups to Aldehydes. J.Org.
Chem., 1995, 60, 4320-4321.

Kasal, B., and C.C. Tung. "Analysis and Design of Breakaway Walls" in
                    th
Proceedings from 5 World Conference on Timber Engineering,
Montreux, Switzerland, August 17-20, 1998, Volume 1, Presses
polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998,
pp. 420-425.

Kasal, B. "Numerical modeling of Wood Structures - Benefits and
Drawbacks", in Proceedings From 5th World Conference on Timber
Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, August 17-20, 1998, Volume 1,
Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne,
Switzerland,
1998, pp. 472-478

Kasal, B. "Wood Structures Subjected to Dynamic Loads", in Wood
Structure and Properties, Arbora Publishers, Zvolen, Slovakia, ISBN 80-
967088-4-8, 1998, pp. 175-179.

Yeh, S.C., B. Kasal, C.C. Tung, and S.M. Rogers, Jr. "Ultimate Capacity
of Nailed Connection For Design of Breakaway Walls", Forest Product
Journal, 1999 [accepted for publication].

Yeh, S.C., S.M. Rogers, C.C. Tung, and B. Kasal. "Design of Breakaway
Walls", ASCE Journal Of Structural Engineering, 1999 [In print].

Kasal, B. "Strength Evaluation of Fire Retarded Wood Truss Members",
in Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Historical Buildings,
Advances in Architecture Series, Computational Mechanics Publications,
Southampton, UK, Boston, USA [in print].

Bangi, A.P., and P.N. Peralta. "Piecewise Linear Regression Analysis of
the Juvenile Wood Zone in Loblolly Pine", Technical Forum Presentation,
52nd Annual Meeting of the Forest Products Society, Merida, Mexico.

Bangi, A.P., F.H. Tainter, and P.N. Peralta. "Black Mold Resistance of
                             151
             Mildly Acetylated Flakeboard", Technical Forum Presentation, 52 nd
             Annual Meeting of the Forest Products Society, Merida, Mexico.

             Kasal, B., and , H. Xu. 1997. A mathematical model of connections with
             nonlinear nonconservative hysteretic behavior. In Earthquake
             performance and safety of timber structures. FPS proceedings No. 7289.
              FPS, Madison, WI. 105-107.

             Xu, H., and B. Kasal. 1997. Hysteretic connection element for the
             dynamic analysis of frames. In 5th International Colloquium on Stability
             and Ductility of Steel Structures. Volume 2. Nagoya University, Nagoya,
             Japan.1 123-1130

             Kasal, B. 1997. Use of cylindrical specimens in evaluation of some
             mechanical properties of in-Situ wood structural members. in Structural
             Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Historical Buildings. Advances in
             Architecture Series. Volume 3. Computational Mechanics Publications,
             Southampton, UK. Boston, USA. 103 -110. ISBN 1 85312 466 4.

             Kasal, B., and H. Xu. 1997. Modeling of connections with nonlinear,
             hysteretic, load-dependent behavior and memory: Application in the
             analysis of frames. In Recent Advances in Understanding Full-Scale
             Behavior of Wood Buildings. FPS Proceedings No. Forest Products
             Society, Madison. WI.

University of Washington:

   Grants and Contracts

             The Effect of Metals on the Oxidative Demethoxylation of Simple
             Phenolics, McIntire Stennis Program,$50,000

   Patents and Publications

             Paper for the 21st Century
             PaperAge, 1995, 111, (1)10; (3)6. Graham Allen

             Molecular weight manipulation of chitosan. I: Kinetics of depolymerization
             by nitrous acid (Graham Allen with M. Peyron)
             Carbohydrate Research, 1995 ,277, 257.

             Molecular weight manipulation of chitosan. II: Prediction and control of
             extent of depolymerization by nitrous acid (Graham Allen with M. Peyron)
             Carbohydrate Research, 1995, 277, 273.

                                          152
Future directions for materials science in the paper industry for the 21st
century Proceed. IV International Conf. on Advanced Materials, Cancun,
Mexico, Aug. 27-Sept. l, l995. Int. Union Mat. Res. Soc., S7-1.1. Graham
Allen

The potential of the microporosity of cellulose fibers for interactive paper
(Graham Allen with J.P. Carroll, B.G. Lee, L Pitchitlamken, A. Stoyanov,
M. Ueda and A. Yahiaoui) Proceedings First International Symposium on
Interactive Paper, Universidad de Guadalajara, Oct. 20-26, 1996, 40.

1996 Annual review and forecast of the nonwovens industry
Nonwovens Industry, 1996, 27(12), 40. Graham Allen        Interactive
paper symposium focuses on paper and electronics, Tappi J. 1997, 80(5),
262. Graham Allen

Interactive paper (Graham Allen with Jean J. Robillard) Proceedings of
SPIE (The International Society for Optical Engineering) 1997, Vol. 3227,
SPIE, Bellingham, WA 98227-0010.

1997 Annual review and forecast of the nonwovens industry
Nonwovens Industry, 1997, 28(12), 61. Graham Allen

Depolymerization of chitosan by means of nitrous acid (Graham Allen with
M. Peyron) in Chitin Handbook, R.A.A. Muzzarelli and M.G. Peter, eds.,
European Chitin Society, Casella Postale 67, IT 60020, Torrette, AN, Italy.

1998 Annual review and forecast of the nonwovens industry
Nonwovens Industry, 1998, 29(12), 42. Graham Allen

1999 Annual review and forecast of the nonwovens industry
Nonwovens Industry, 1999, 30(12), Graham Allen




                              153
Technologically Advanced Workforce




                154
                       Technologically Advanced Workforce


Auburn:

  Operator Training

           A major multiyear effort is underway to develop an industry-responsive
           process technology education curriculum for technicians in the pulp and
           paper and chemicals industries. This is a collaborative effort by Alabama
           Southern Community College, the Center for Excellence in Forestry, Paper,
           and Chemical Technology (part of the Alabama Technology Network), the
           Chemical Engineering Department of Auburn University, the Pulp and
           Paper Research Education Center at Auburn University, several area
           industries, the NSF Advanced Technology Education Program, and the
           USDA. The project focuses on enhancement of the associate degree
           programs at Alabama Southern in Paper and Chemical Technologies. The
           Center facilitates use of project instructional materials for continuing work
           force development by making modules available to technicians and
           operators in other regions of the nation.

           The goals of the project are: (1) to develop a state-of-the-art, industry
           connected training laboratory at Alabama Southern, (2) to substantially
           improve the curriculum in four associate degree programs, (3) to develop
           and implement a comprehensive ASCC faculty development program, and
           (4) to provide real world, practical, and stimulating technical experiences in
           industry for students. Eleven learning modules are being developed and
           evaluated: Chip Digester, Bleach Plant, Handsheet Papermaker, Paper
           Recycling, Paper Testing, Process Control, Wastewater Treatment,
           Crystallization, Heated Batch Reactor, Water Purification, and Distillation.
           (Seven of these modules are supported by the NSF ATE grant.) Each
           module includes training laboratory plants, process simulations, and
           multimedia components to develop the technical competence, teaming,
           communication, and problem solving skills of the technology students.
           Novel courseware that will result from this project is the development of
           pulp and paper technology learning strategies, which are perhaps unique in
           the nation.

           Steve Duke serves as PI from Auburn for these technology education
           efforts. Seven faculty and three graduate students from Auburn, eight
           faculty from Alabama Southern, and industrial partners from seven area
           paper mills and Ciba Chemicals are involved. Ciba has five engineers
           designing the seven chemicals process training laboratories. Teams of
           Auburn and Alabama Southern faculty are developing templates for design
                                         155
         of the curricular materials. Major accomplishments to date include design of
         the laboratory building and control room, design of four of the process
         plants, construction of the control room and laboratory site, construction of
         three of the plants, development of chemical and pulp processing
         simulation tools, development of a web site and subnetwork, the design of
         templates for the instructional and multimedia components of six modules,
         and hosting of a National Visiting Committee. Additional information is
         available from the project website www.eng.auburn.edu/~tplacek/ate and
         the first and second annual reports are available at the NSF.

Student Recruitment

         Mill-based recruitment programs focused on local schools and their best
         science /math students (including parents, teachers, councilors). Mill tour,
         food, presentations by mill staff and Auburn faculty. 8-10 events per year
         in Alabama mills and mills close to border.

         Visits to community colleges in key locations by Auburn faculty and mill
         staff. Six key community colleges located near mills in Alabama.

         Information on programs and application materials available on website.
         Also, foundation committee assists in applicant evaluation and conducts
         telephone interviews.

Grants and Contracts

         A Model for Technical Training in the Pulp and Paper and Chemical
         Process Industries. National Science Foundation Advanced Technology
         Program. $880,000 Jun 1998 - Jun 2001. Auburn portion $274,372. Duke is
         Auburn PI. Co-PI - Christie Prout, Center for Forestry, Paper, and Chemical
         Technology at ASCC.

         Marine/Estuary Environmental Education Research Program and
         Laboratory Development for Chemical, Pulp and Paper Processes. USDA.
         Oct 2000 - Sep 2001. $234,000. Duke is PI with Christine Curtis.

         Marine/Estuary Environmental Education Research Program and
         Laboratory Development for Chemical, Pulp and Paper Processes. USDA.
         Oct 1999 - Sep 2000. $234,000. Duke is PI with Christine Curtis.

         Marine/Estuary Environmental Education Research Program and
         Laboratory Development for Chemical, Pulp and Paper Processes. USDA.
         $467,386 Jul 1998 - Jul 2000. Alabama Southern equipment grant
         $233,693. Duke is Co-PI with Ronald L. Shumack.


                                      156
         1996-1997 Partnership Efforts of the Auburn University Department of
         Chemical Engineering and the Auburn Pulp and Paper Research and
         Education Center. Alabama Technology Network and the Center for
         Forestry, Paper, and Chemical Technology. $31,022 Oct 1996 to Jul 1998.
          Duke is sole PI.

Publications and Patents

         Prout, C., and Duke, S.R. (2000) Modules for Chemical and Paper
         Technology Education. National ACS Conference in San Francisco, CA.

         Duke, S.R. (1999) Partnership between Chemical Engineering Education
         and Chemical Technology Education. AIChE 1999 Annual Meeting in
         Dallas.

         Prout, C., Duke, S.R., Hudson, L.H., and Glass, S. (1999) Chemical and
         Paper Technology Education. Annual NSF ATE Conference in Washington,
         D.C.




                                    157
158
University of Washington:

      Student Recruitment

             Undergraduate Program

             A dedicated effort is made each year by the Paper Science and
             Engineering Division to actively recruit high school students into the
             curriculum as PSE majors. While this effort has historically been the
             domain of one principal faculty member, it has now been revised and
             expanded to include all of the Paper Science faculty (8), as well as a
             larger role filled by the Washington Pulp and Paper Foundation (WPPF).
             Each of the faculty makes recruiting trips to 3-4 high schools across the
             state. Since we cannot possibly cover all school districts, we focus on high
             schools principally in pulp and paper mill towns. These areas have
             consistently produced the most students interested in the program. If at all
             possible, a former student of a target high school who has either
             completed or is currently enrolled in our program is invited along to
             participate in the recruiting effort. Typically, we talk to 1 or 2 senior
             science classes (i.e. chemistry or physics) for a class period. We describe
             the profession, industry, academic program, and especially the
             scholarship opportunities offered through the WPPF. Literature on the
             curriculum and scholarship program is handed out. We try to develop a
             relationship with the science teachers and counseling staff to facilitate
             future visits to that school. Historically, these external recruiting efforts
             have produced the majority of the students enrolled in the program. Along
             with high schools, a few select community colleges are also visited in an
             attempt to attract transfer student who enroll as juniors in the program.

             Graduate Program

             Recruiting for the graduate program is not as formally organized as it is for
             the undergraduate program. In the past, we have made attempts in
             certain years to travel to other “paper schools” to recruit the graduates for
             MS or Ph.D. study. Generally, these attempts have not produced many
             new graduate enrollees for us, and are both expensive and time
             consuming for those carrying out this activity. We rely more on “word of
             mouth” from institutions where we have had several students enter the
             graduate program, and we also accept from time to time graduates of our
             own undergraduate program.

      Operator Training

             In the area of operator training, we teach a short course during the summer
             which is an overview of the entire pulp and paper industry. We have had
             operators from certain areas of a mill attend this course to obtain more
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knowledge in general about pulp and paper processing. For example, an
environmental engineer (who was a chemical engineer by training)
attended the course to find out more about the process which generated
the effluents and air emissions that he was responsible for dealing with.




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