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					For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, December 2, 2009                                     USDL-09-1477

Technical information:
 Employment:           (202) 691-6559 • sminfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:         (202) 691-6392 • lausinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:          (202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov


     METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT – OCTOBER 2009

Unemployment rates were higher in October than a year earlier in all 372 metropolitan areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fifteen areas recorded jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent,
while 13 areas registered rates below 5.0 percent. The national unemployment rate in October was 9.5
percent, not seasonally adjusted, up from 6.1 percent a year earlier. Among the 369 metropolitan areas
for which nonfarm payroll employment were available, 361 areas reported over-the-year decreases in
employment and 8 reported increases.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 124 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, up from 13 areas a year
earlier, while 75 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, down from 280 areas in October 2008. El Centro,
Calif., and neighboring Yuma, Ariz., continued to record the highest unemployment rates, 30.0 and 23.5
percent, respectively. Among the 15 areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, 9 were located in
California and 3 were in Michigan. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest unemployment rate in
October, 2.8 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., and Grand Forks, N.D.-Minn., 3.5 percent each.
Overall, 138 areas recorded unemployment rates above the U.S. figure of 9.5 percent, 229 areas reported
rates below it, and 5 areas had the same rate. (See table 1 and the map.)

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., recorded the largest jobless rate increase from October 2008 (+7.3 per-
centage points), followed by Rockford, Ill. (+6.2 points). An additional 3 areas registered unemployment
rate increases of 6.0 percentage points or more, and another 26 areas had increases of 5.0 to 5.9 points.
While no metropolitan area posted an unemployment rate decrease, five areas reported rate increases of
less than a full percentage point, the smallest of which was in Manhattan, Kan. (+0.5 point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich., reported the highest unemployment rate in October, 16.7 percent. The large areas with
the next highest rates were Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 14.6 percent, and Las Vegas-
Paradise, Nev., 13.0 percent. Fifteen additional large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The
large areas with the lowest jobless rates in October were Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-
Md.-W.Va., 6.2 percent, and Oklahoma City, Okla., and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-
N.C., 6.5 percent each. All 49 large areas registered over-the-year unemployment rate increases of at
least 1.5 percentage points. Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., had the largest jobless rate increase from a
year earlier (+7.3 percentage points). The next largest rate increases occurred in Las Vegas-Paradise,
Nev., and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.2 percentage points each), Riverside-San
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (+5.1 points), and Birmingham-Hoover, Ala. (+5.0 points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are composed of 34 metropolitan divisions, which are
essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, the two divisions that comprise the
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., metropolitan area registered the highest jobless rates: Detroit-Livonia-
Dearborn, 17.7 percent, and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, 16.0 percent. The division with the next
highest rate was Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 13.2 percent. Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville,
Md., reported the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 5.6 percent, followed by Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., 6.3 percent. These two divisions make up the Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., metropolitan area. (See table 2.)

In October, all 34 metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate increases of at least 1.9
percentage points. Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich., and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., expe-
rienced the largest rate increases (+7.5 and +7.0 percentage points, respectively). Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, Fla., was the only other division to report an over-the-year rate increase of 5.0 percentage
points or more (+5.2 points).

In 5 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the highest and lowest di-
vision jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in October. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-
N.H., posted the largest rate difference among its divisions, 6.4 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-
Salem, Mass.-N.H., 13.2 percent, compared with Framingham, Mass., 6.8 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 361 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year decreases in nonfarm payroll employment
and 8 reported increases. The largest over-the-year employment decrease was recorded in New York-
Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (-218,200), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Santa Ana, Calif. (-203,000) and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-197,800). The largest over-
the-year percentage losses in employment were reported in Kokomo, Ind. (-8.3 percent), Dalton, Ga.,
and Monroe, Mich. (-8.1 percent each), and Holland-Grand Haven, Mich. (-7.8 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year increases in employment occurred in McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, Texas
(+4,400), Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, Wash. (+3,400), and Ocean City, N.J. (+2,700). The largest
over-the-year percentage increases in employment were reported in Ocean City, N.J. (+6.8 percent),
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, Wash. (+3.5 percent), and McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, Texas (+2.0
percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment declined in all 38 metropolitan areas with annual average em-
ployment levels above 750,000 in 2008. The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employ-
ment in these large metropolitan areas were posted in Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-7.3 percent),
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-7.2 percent), and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-6.7 percent).




                                                   -2-
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2009 for 32 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a metropolitan area. Thirty-one of the
32 metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year employment losses. The largest over-the-year decrease
in the metropolitan divisions occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill. (-178,600), followed by Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-151,000), New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.
(-140,600), and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-99,600). Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville, Md.,
was the only metropolitan division to increase over the year (+1,800), which was a 0.3 percent gain.
(See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment among the metropolitan divisions was
reported in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-8.8 percent), followed by San Francisco-San Mateo-
Redwood City, Calif. (-4.9 percent), and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and Wilmington, Del.-Md.-
N.J. (-4.8 percent each).


The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is sched-
uled to be released on Friday, December 18, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Tuesday, January 5, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




                                                  -3-
Technical Note
      This release presents labor force and unemployment          Hurricane Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described
data from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)           below will be used for this area until further notice.)
program (tables 1 and 2) for 372 metropolitan statistical areas   Modeling improves the statistical basis of the estimation for
and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas                  these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such as
(NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34           measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.              other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current             through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block
Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are          approach. Employment estimates, which are based largely on
provided for most of the same areas. State estimates were         “place of work” estimates from the CES program, are
previously published in the news release, Regional and State      adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS.
Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this          Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons
release for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs          previously employed in industries covered by state
are both federal-state cooperative endeavors.                     unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor
                                                                  force data from the CPS. The substate estimates of
Labor force and unemployment—from the LAUS                        employment and unemployment, which geographically
program                                                           exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure
                                                                  that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-
      Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data          of-state totals. A detailed description of the estimation
are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used      procedures is available from BLS upon request.
for the official national estimates obtained from the Current
Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that            Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data
is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the      shown for the prior year reflect adjustments made at the end
U.S. Census Bureau.          The LAUS program measures            of each year, usually implemented with January estimates.
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence               The adjusted model-based estimates reflect updated
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional     population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions
population 16 years of age and over. Employed persons are         in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the            substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the
reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or      revised model-based estimates.
worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they        Employment—from the CES program
were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.              Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on
Unemployed persons are those who were not employed                establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the
during the reference week (based on the definition above),        pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period       counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
ending with the reference week, and were currently available      residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are
for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be          counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The labor           of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version
force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The          of the North American Industry Classification System.
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent
of the labor force.                                                     Method of estimation. The employment data are
                                                                  estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio
     Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District     (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the
of Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale                  previous month is computed from a sample of establishments
metropolitan division, and New York City are produced using       reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for
time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national        the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates
CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended to the            for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models
following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:   are used as the official estimators for the approximately 44
the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division;          percent of CES published series which have insufficient
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;        sample for direct sample-based estimates.
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;                   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan Statistical          annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks,
Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan               derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-             employers who are covered under state unemployment
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following         insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and      politan area CES data at the total nonfarm level are available
the preceding one and also to establish the level of            online at http://www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information
employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the               on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the
benchmarking process establishes the level of employment,       BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
changes in the level for the subsequent months.                 Area definitions
                                                                      The substate area data published in this release reflect
Reliability of the estimates                                    the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of
      The estimates presented in this release are based on      Management and Budget on November 20, 2008. Data
sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus,    reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling     definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six
error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation   New England States. A detailed list of the geographic def-
that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire   initions is available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.
population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced       Additional information
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates         More complete information on the technical procedures
not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to         used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in
additional errors resulting from the particular estimation      Employment and Earnings Online.
processes used. The sums of individual items may not                  Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor
always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of     force and unemployment data for states, census regions and
rounding.      Unemployment rates are computed from             divisions, and seven substate areas are available in the news
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates          release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
computed using the rounded data displayed in the tables.        Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states,
                                                                metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities with a
     Labor force and unemployment estimates. Model-             population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
based error measures are available for states on the BLS Web    administration of various federal economic assistance pro-
site at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of        grams are available on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/lau/.
nonsampling error are not available, but additional             Employment data from the CES program are available on the
information on the subject is provided in Employment and        BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
Earnings Online at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.               Information in this release will be made available to
                                                                sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
      Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error          (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
for state CES data at the supersector level and for metro-
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                             LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                               NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                              Unemployed
                                                                                       Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                         Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                               September                October              September              October            September             October

                                                                             2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008      2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p

Alabama ...............................................................      2,156.1    2,085.2    2,164.0     2,090.4     115.5     221.3     120.4      223.3       5.4      10.6        5.6       10.7
  Anniston-Oxford ................................................              54.0       52.5       54.5        52.8       2.9       5.6       3.4        5.9       5.4      10.7        6.2       11.2
  Auburn-Opelika .................................................              64.9       61.6       65.3        62.1       3.0       5.3       3.1        5.5       4.7       8.6        4.7        8.8
  Birmingham-Hoover ..........................................                 526.8      511.1      529.5       510.6      25.4      51.5      25.9       50.4       4.8      10.1        4.9        9.9
  Decatur .............................................................         72.5       69.9       72.5        70.1       3.7       7.7       3.7        7.7       5.1      11.0        5.1       11.0
  Dothan ..............................................................         64.6       62.5       64.9        62.7       3.2       5.7       3.3        5.8       5.0       9.1        5.1        9.3
  Florence-Muscle Shoals ...................................                    68.1       65.8       68.0        66.0       3.7       7.1       3.8        7.2       5.4      10.7        5.5       10.9
  Gadsden ...........................................................           45.2       44.3       45.4        44.3       2.6       4.7       2.7        4.7       5.7      10.7        5.9       10.5
  Huntsville ..........................................................        204.0      197.0      204.3       197.6       8.1      15.4       8.2       15.6       4.0       7.8        4.0        7.9
  Mobile ...............................................................       185.6      182.5      186.3       182.9      10.2      20.1      10.4       20.2       5.5      11.0        5.6       11.0
  Montgomery ......................................................            170.5      164.8      172.0       165.4       9.4      16.5      10.1       16.6       5.5      10.0        5.8       10.0
  Tuscaloosa .......................................................            98.8       95.6       98.8        95.8       4.5       9.0       4.5        9.0       4.6       9.4        4.6        9.3

Alaska ..................................................................     358.8       358.3      357.1        356.5     21.8      27.2        22.5        29.5    6.1       7.6        6.3         8.3
  Anchorage ........................................................          193.2       193.4      198.0        198.6     10.9      14.0        10.9        14.7    5.6       7.2        5.5         7.4
  Fairbanks ..........................................................         45.7        45.2       45.8         45.5      2.5       3.1         2.7         3.4    5.5       6.8        5.9         7.4

Arizona ................................................................     3,173.6    3,160.1    3,180.7     3,150.6     199.7     293.3     201.4      294.9       6.3       9.3        6.3        9.4
  Flagstaff ............................................................        74.2       74.9       74.6        73.8       4.0       5.8       4.0        6.0       5.3       7.8        5.4        8.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman ..............................                       93.2       92.9       93.2        92.0       7.2       9.5       7.5        9.6       7.7      10.2        8.0       10.4
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale .................................                  2,136.9    2,115.4    2,145.7     2,114.4     120.1     182.7     122.0      184.6       5.6       8.6        5.7        8.7
  Prescott ............................................................         99.4      100.1       99.4        99.7       6.4       9.5       6.5        9.5       6.4       9.4        6.6        9.5
  Tucson ..............................................................        489.3      493.0      490.3       491.0      28.1      40.9      28.4       41.2       5.7       8.3        5.8        8.4
  Yuma ................................................................         87.3       89.6       85.3        87.1      18.1      21.8      16.8       20.5      20.8      24.3       19.7       23.5

Arkansas .............................................................       1,376.3    1,368.6    1,372.8     1,364.8      66.1      91.2        65.8        93.7    4.8       6.7        4.8         6.9
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers ........................                      229.9      230.0      229.7       230.0       8.6      12.1         8.4        12.2    3.7       5.2        3.6         5.3
  Fort Smith .........................................................         138.8      141.0      139.0       141.2       6.3       9.9         6.7        11.0    4.5       7.0        4.8         7.8
  Hot Springs .......................................................           42.5       43.3       42.3        43.1       2.2       2.8         2.2         2.9    5.2       6.5        5.2         6.6
  Jonesboro .........................................................           57.5       58.0       57.6        58.4       2.6       3.6         2.5         3.6    4.5       6.2        4.3         6.2
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway ...............                         345.4      343.8      343.6       343.2      14.7      20.1        14.3        20.3    4.3       5.9        4.2         5.9
  Pine Bluff ..........................................................         44.3       44.2       44.1        44.4       3.0       3.9         3.0         3.9    6.8       8.8        6.9         8.8

California .............................................................    18,467.0   18,373.7   18,564.4    18,356.4    1,399.4   2,211.3   1,472.5    2,251.4      7.6      12.0        7.9       12.3
  Bakersfield ........................................................         370.9      376.8      374.4       377.7       33.7      52.6      35.8       54.6      9.1      14.0        9.6       14.5
  Chico ................................................................       105.4      105.5      105.8       105.3        8.5      12.8       9.0       13.5      8.0      12.2        8.5       12.8
  El Centro ...........................................................         76.8       79.8       77.9        78.2       20.8      25.7      20.9       23.5     27.1      32.2       26.8       30.0
  Fresno ..............................................................        445.2      453.2      442.5       444.9       42.0      63.6      49.0       70.1      9.4      14.0       11.1       15.8
  Hanford-Corcoran .............................................                59.4       59.7       59.6        59.9        5.6       8.3       6.5        9.3      9.3      13.9       11.0       15.5
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana ...............                           6,622.4    6,541.0    6,651.4     6,533.7      505.7     775.6     521.8      776.1      7.6      11.9        7.8       11.9
  Madera-Chowchilla ...........................................                 69.0       70.6       68.1        68.0        5.5       8.6       6.1        9.4      8.0      12.2        9.0       13.8
  Merced ..............................................................        104.2      107.0      105.5       107.0       11.4      16.6      12.2       17.6     10.9      15.5       11.5       16.4
  Modesto ............................................................         238.5      243.8      236.3       240.0       24.5      37.2      27.2       39.8     10.3      15.2       11.5       16.6
  Napa .................................................................        77.6       75.7       78.0        75.5        3.8       6.6       4.1        6.8      5.0       8.7        5.2        9.0
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura .....................                           431.5      428.6      436.3       431.4       29.7      47.6      30.6       47.9      6.9      11.1        7.0       11.1
  Redding ............................................................          84.6       83.8       85.9        84.4        8.1      12.3       8.6       12.9      9.6      14.7       10.0       15.3
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario ...................                       1,795.2    1,781.3    1,803.1     1,788.2      164.2     255.6     171.5      260.2      9.1      14.3        9.5       14.6
  Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville ..........                               1,058.6    1,052.7    1,066.7     1,048.1       78.3     125.6      82.9      129.4      7.4      11.9        7.8       12.3
  Salinas ..............................................................       218.8      217.2      217.8       214.9       14.0      21.6      15.0       22.9      6.4       9.9        6.9       10.6
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos .....................                        1,571.7    1,561.8    1,585.4     1,564.9      100.3     162.6     106.1      164.8      6.4      10.4        6.7       10.5
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .....................                        2,275.7    2,266.5    2,288.7     2,260.5      136.7     236.8     143.9      239.1      6.0      10.4        6.3       10.6
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara ....................                          912.3      912.5      919.2       912.6       58.2     107.9      62.0      108.9      6.4      11.8        6.7       11.9
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles ..........................                       138.2      139.5      141.1       140.4        8.3      12.6       8.6       12.8      6.0       9.0        6.1        9.1
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta ..................                          220.6      221.4      223.0       223.5       12.1      18.9      12.9       19.6      5.5       8.5        5.8        8.8
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville ....................................                  147.2      148.2      149.0       151.1        9.1      15.2       9.7       16.1      6.2      10.3        6.5       10.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma ......................................                   267.1      263.1      267.9       262.9       15.5      26.3      16.4       26.7      5.8      10.0        6.1       10.1
  Stockton ............................................................        298.8      305.7      299.9       304.9       30.3      47.2      32.6       49.2     10.1      15.4       10.9       16.1
  Vallejo-Fairfield .................................................          214.0      214.2      215.6       213.9       15.3      24.8      16.2       25.7      7.2      11.6        7.5       12.0
  Visalia-Porterville ..............................................           200.4      206.5      202.4       207.4       20.5      30.7      22.5       33.0     10.2      14.8       11.1       15.9
  Yuba City ..........................................................          70.7       70.3       70.8        70.0        7.6      11.4       8.5       12.3     10.8      16.2       12.0       17.6

Colorado ..............................................................      2,745.8    2,683.8    2,751.9     2,670.6     131.6     180.8     139.5      175.6       4.8       6.7        5.1         6.6
  Boulder .............................................................        179.3      172.7      181.1       172.7       7.4       9.6       7.8        9.1       4.1       5.5        4.3         5.3
  Colorado Springs ..............................................              313.6      304.0      314.9       303.4      17.7      21.9      18.7       21.6       5.7       7.2        5.9         7.1
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield ................................                  1,404.2    1,365.2    1,408.4     1,362.2      70.3      96.4      74.3       92.5       5.0       7.1        5.3         6.8
  Fort Collins-Loveland ........................................               180.0      175.6      179.4       174.5       7.2       9.9       7.5        9.5       4.0       5.6        4.2         5.5
  Grand Junction .................................................              83.6       82.4       83.9        81.6       3.1       6.8       3.2        6.5       3.7       8.2        3.8         8.0
  Greeley .............................................................        121.6      121.0      122.6       120.2       6.1       9.1       6.5        8.8       5.0       7.5        5.3         7.4
  Pueblo ..............................................................         73.9       72.7       74.6        73.0       4.4       5.5       4.8        5.4       6.0       7.5        6.4         7.4

Connecticut .........................................................        1,872.4    1,874.3    1,885.3     1,899.3     109.0     154.5     109.5      158.3       5.8       8.2        5.8        8.3
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk ...........................                      473.7      474.1      477.5       480.3      26.0      37.6      26.4       38.2       5.5       7.9        5.5        8.0
  Danbury ............................................................          91.7       92.1       92.1        92.5       4.2       6.7       4.3        6.8       4.6       7.2        4.7        7.3
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford ...............                         591.2      590.1      596.7       600.6      34.8      48.9      34.8       50.5       5.9       8.3        5.8        8.4
  New Haven .......................................................            311.6      313.9      314.0       318.4      18.8      25.7      18.9       26.5       6.0       8.2        6.0        8.3
  Norwich-New London .......................................                   153.4      152.2      152.2       152.6       9.0      11.9       8.9       12.2       5.8       7.8        5.8        8.0
  Waterbury .........................................................          100.6      102.3      101.4       103.7       7.6      11.2       7.8       11.6       7.6      11.0        7.7       11.2

Delaware ..............................................................       438.7       426.5      443.2        427.9     22.5      34.8        24.3        36.6    5.1       8.2        5.5         8.5
  Dover ................................................................       73.6        71.3       74.7         71.8      3.7       5.6         4.0         6.0    5.0       7.8        5.4         8.3


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                            LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                              NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                             Unemployed
                                                                                        Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                        Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                                September                October            September              October            September             October

                                                                              2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008    2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p


District of Columbia ...........................................                332.6      327.9      331.3      330.2      24.7     38.1     25.4        39.9       7.4      11.6        7.7       12.1
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria .....................                       3,016.5    2,999.3    3,029.3    3,004.2     118.5    184.3    124.5       185.3       3.9       6.1        4.1        6.2

Florida ..................................................................    9,298.1    9,227.6    9,312.6    9,191.5     645.3   1,041.1   661.1      1,030.5      6.9      11.3        7.1       11.2
  Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice .............................                       321.1      309.2      318.8      307.4      25.2      38.6    25.6         37.7      7.9      12.5        8.0       12.3
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers .....................................                   283.4      272.5      283.7      271.9      26.6      37.8    26.9         37.2      9.4      13.9        9.5       13.7
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach ..........                                 254.3      253.5      255.0      252.5      18.6      29.6    19.2         29.5      7.3      11.7        7.5       11.7
  Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin ...............                             98.8       96.5       98.3       95.6       4.8       7.0     5.0          7.0      4.9       7.3        5.1        7.4
  Gainesville ........................................................          143.1      140.5      143.7      140.8       6.6      10.2     6.7         10.2      4.6       7.3        4.7        7.3
  Jacksonville ......................................................           692.4      685.1      691.7      681.7      44.1      73.8    45.0         72.7      6.4      10.8        6.5       10.7
  Lakeland-Winter Haven ....................................                    275.0      274.7      275.7      272.6      21.6      35.1    21.9         34.1      7.9      12.8        7.9       12.5
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ..........                              2,858.7    2,871.7    2,875.9    2,868.9     185.9     313.7   191.0        314.2      6.5      10.9        6.6       11.0
  Naples-Marco Island .........................................                 150.0      144.3      151.3      144.8      12.6      18.9    12.1         18.0      8.4      13.1        8.0       12.4
  Ocala ................................................................        140.3      139.3      141.0      138.9      12.1      18.6    12.5         18.5      8.6      13.4        8.8       13.4
  Orlando-Kissimmee ..........................................                1,127.7    1,118.1    1,128.8    1,111.8      73.8     129.2    77.5        126.4      6.5      11.6        6.9       11.4
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville .........................                       270.5      266.1      269.1      265.1      19.7      30.0    20.4         30.2      7.3      11.3        7.6       11.4
  Palm Coast .......................................................             32.0       31.3       32.0       31.2       3.3       5.1     3.4          5.0     10.5      16.2       10.5       16.1
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach                                       90.0       88.3       89.3       87.3       4.9       8.0     5.5          8.3      5.5       9.1        6.1        9.5
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent ............................                       212.8      210.1      211.8      208.7      13.3      20.4    13.4         20.2      6.2       9.7        6.3        9.7
  Port St. Lucie ....................................................           189.1      188.0      188.9      187.8      18.1      26.6    18.0         25.8      9.6      14.1        9.5       13.7
  Punta Gorda .....................................................              69.8       68.9       69.4       68.6       6.6       8.8     6.5          8.7      9.4      12.8        9.4       12.7
  Sebastian-Vero Beach ......................................                    62.0       61.0       61.6       60.8       6.2       9.3     5.8          9.0     10.0      15.3        9.3       14.9
  Tallahassee ......................................................            194.4      190.4      194.7      190.2       9.8      14.3    10.0         14.2      5.1       7.5        5.1        7.5
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ....................                        1,338.3    1,320.3    1,338.5    1,311.4      96.5     155.3    99.8        153.3      7.2      11.8        7.5       11.7

Georgia ................................................................      4,834.6    4,721.1    4,847.1    4,719.6     325.1    478.5    340.2       482.0       6.7      10.1        7.0       10.2
  Albany ...............................................................         76.3       75.2       77.0       75.9       5.4      7.7      5.4         8.0       7.1      10.2        7.0       10.5
  Athens-Clarke County ......................................                   109.4      108.3      110.3      109.2       5.8      7.7      6.3         7.9       5.3       7.1        5.7        7.2
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta ........................                     2,736.8    2,662.5    2,738.9    2,656.0     183.6    276.2    189.8       276.6       6.7      10.4        6.9       10.4
  Augusta-Richmond County ...............................                       258.6      256.2      259.2      256.6      17.1     24.2     18.2        24.5       6.6       9.4        7.0        9.5
  Brunswick .........................................................            54.3       53.9       54.1       54.3       3.2      4.7      3.4         4.8       5.9       8.8        6.2        8.8
  Columbus .........................................................            127.8      126.9      128.2      127.1       8.5     12.1      9.1        12.2       6.6       9.5        7.1        9.6
  Dalton ...............................................................         65.3       62.7       66.0       63.0       5.0      7.7      6.0         8.1       7.7      12.3        9.1       12.9
  Gainesville ........................................................           92.5       90.2       92.5       89.9       5.4      8.2      5.8         8.3       5.9       9.0        6.3        9.3
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart .....................................                  32.4       31.9       32.2       31.8       2.0      2.5      2.1         2.6       6.3       7.9        6.6        8.1
  Macon ...............................................................         114.5      111.8      115.5      112.4       7.8     10.9      8.0        11.2       6.8       9.8        6.9        9.9
  Rome ................................................................          50.3       49.2       49.5       49.2       3.5      5.4      3.8         5.4       6.9      10.9        7.6       10.9
  Savannah .........................................................            179.1      176.0      179.3      176.0      10.6     14.5     10.9        14.7       5.9       8.3        6.1        8.3
  Valdosta ............................................................          69.1       67.8       69.7       67.9       4.1      5.5      4.3         5.7       6.0       8.2        6.1        8.4
  Warner Robins ..................................................               69.2       67.9       69.6       68.0       3.8      4.9      4.0         5.0       5.6       7.3        5.7        7.4

Hawaii ..................................................................      652.0       643.3      651.2        640.0    30.0     47.7        29.0        45.2    4.6       7.4        4.4         7.1
  Honolulu ...........................................................         453.3       447.6      453.6        447.4    18.4     28.0        17.2        26.6    4.1       6.2        3.8         5.9

Idaho ....................................................................     756.4       751.6      760.9        755.8    36.2     61.0        38.7        63.0    4.8       8.1        5.1         8.3
  Boise City-Nampa .............................................               292.7       287.8      293.2        287.2    15.7     27.2        17.0        28.0    5.4       9.4        5.8         9.7
  Coeur d’Alene ...................................................             71.5        71.5       71.1         72.6     3.6      6.3         4.0         6.7    5.1       8.9        5.7         9.2
  Idaho Falls ........................................................          62.2        62.1       62.9         62.5     2.4      3.7         2.2         3.8    3.8       6.0        3.5         6.0
  Lewiston ...........................................................          29.5        30.6       29.8         30.8     1.3      2.0         1.5         2.0    4.4       6.4        5.1         6.4
  Pocatello ...........................................................         44.4        43.6       44.8         43.7     2.0      3.6         2.1         3.3    4.5       8.2        4.6         7.5

Illinois ..................................................................   6,658.0    6,605.3    6,649.0    6,633.8     427.4    673.6    432.4       697.9       6.4      10.2        6.5       10.5
    Bloomington-Normal .........................................                 92.0       91.3       92.2       91.8       4.7      6.7      4.9         7.1       5.2       7.3        5.3        7.7
    Champaign-Urbana ..........................................                 124.4      124.4      126.6      125.9       7.0     10.3      7.5        10.8       5.6       8.3        5.9        8.6
    Chicago-Naperville-Joliet ..................................              4,879.6    4,848.4    4,865.9    4,863.2     300.2    486.6    299.7       500.7       6.2      10.0        6.2       10.3
    Danville .............................................................       38.0       37.7       38.2       37.9       3.2      4.5      3.3         4.6       8.4      11.9        8.6       12.1
    Davenport-Moline-Rock Island .........................                      207.8      210.1      206.8      209.7      10.6     17.6     11.0        19.0       5.1       8.4        5.3        9.1
    Decatur .............................................................        55.1       54.5       55.3       54.9       4.0      6.7      4.1         6.9       7.3      12.4        7.5       12.7
    Kankakee-Bradley ............................................                55.8       55.2       56.2       55.7       4.8      7.0      5.2         7.4       8.6      12.8        9.2       13.3
    Peoria ...............................................................      206.5      207.5      206.5      209.4      11.6     23.0     11.6        24.5       5.6      11.1        5.6       11.7
    Rockford ...........................................................        175.3      179.6      176.4      180.6      15.6     27.3     16.8        28.3       8.9      15.2        9.5       15.7
    Springfield .........................................................       115.0      113.6      115.2      113.5       7.0      9.0      7.1         9.3       6.1       7.9        6.2        8.2

Indiana .................................................................     3,226.8    3,138.5    3,239.6    3,112.2     187.3    289.1    199.4       291.5       5.8       9.2        6.2        9.4
  Anderson ..........................................................            61.1       59.7       61.4       59.5       4.0      5.9      4.3         6.1       6.6       9.8        6.9       10.2
  Bloomington ......................................................             98.4       95.3       99.7       95.0       4.4      5.5      5.1         6.2       4.5       5.8        5.1        6.5
  Columbus .........................................................             39.4       39.5       39.6       38.9       1.8      3.5      1.8         3.3       4.5       8.9        4.6        8.6
  Elkhart-Goshen .................................................               96.7       93.2       97.8       92.0       9.4     14.1     11.4        13.7       9.7      15.1       11.6       14.9
  Evansville .........................................................          180.7      176.1      180.5      174.9       9.1     13.6      9.7        13.8       5.0       7.7        5.4        7.9
  Fort Wayne .......................................................            213.4      208.7      212.7      207.1      12.2     19.9     12.9        21.3       5.7       9.5        6.1       10.3
  Indianapolis-Carmel ..........................................                905.5      875.8      909.7      867.2      46.2     69.1     48.9        70.4       5.1       7.9        5.4        8.1
  Kokomo ............................................................            44.7       42.1       44.4       41.7       3.3      5.0      3.4         5.0       7.5      11.8        7.6       12.0
  Lafayette ...........................................................          98.1       98.1       99.1       97.6       4.6      8.3      4.7         7.9       4.6       8.4        4.7        8.1
  Michigan City-La Porte .....................................                   52.5       52.2       52.1       51.9       3.0      5.6      3.2         5.7       5.6      10.8        6.2       10.9
  Muncie ..............................................................          55.5       54.5       55.8       54.5       3.7      5.1      3.7         5.4       6.6       9.3        6.6        9.9
  South Bend-Mishawaka ....................................                     159.4      155.0      161.1      154.4      10.7     16.3     11.8        16.2       6.7      10.5        7.3       10.5
  Terre Haute ......................................................             79.9       77.3       80.2       77.2       5.0      7.3      5.1         7.5       6.3       9.4        6.3        9.7


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                            LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                              NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                             Unemployed
                                                                                        Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                        Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                                September                October            September              October            September             October

                                                                              2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008    2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p


Iowa ......................................................................   1,678.7    1,690.8    1,684.5    1,692.8      67.3   106.4         66.3    104.4       4.0       6.3        3.9         6.2
  Ames ................................................................          49.5       50.2       49.9       50.1       1.4     2.3          1.4      2.0       2.9       4.5        2.7         4.0
  Cedar Rapids ....................................................             146.3      148.3      146.3      148.0       6.0     9.4          5.6      8.8       4.1       6.3        3.8         5.9
  Des Moines-West Des Moines .........................                          314.3      319.0      312.9      317.3      12.1    19.3         12.0     18.1       3.9       6.1        3.8         5.7
  Dubuque ...........................................................            52.0       52.7       52.3       52.2       2.0     3.2          2.1      3.0       3.8       6.0        3.9         5.7
  Iowa City ...........................................................          92.1       94.2       91.5       93.7       2.7     4.2          2.8      3.7       3.0       4.4        3.0         4.0
  Sioux City .........................................................           78.7       79.3       78.9       78.6       2.8     4.4          2.8      4.3       3.5       5.5        3.5         5.4
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls ........................................                  95.4       95.8       95.5       98.3       3.7     5.4          3.6      7.9       3.8       5.6        3.7         8.0

Kansas .................................................................      1,497.0    1,524.8    1,499.1    1,524.0      69.5   104.2         65.2        97.6    4.6       6.8        4.3         6.4
  Lawrence ..........................................................            62.9       61.1       62.4       61.7       2.5     3.3          2.3         2.9    4.0       5.4        3.7         4.7
  Manhattan .........................................................            59.5       73.8       63.9       75.2       2.2     2.9          2.0         2.7    3.7       3.9        3.1         3.6
  Topeka ..............................................................         122.6      125.3      122.2      124.6       6.4     8.0          6.3         7.5    5.2       6.4        5.2         6.0
  Wichita ..............................................................        319.4      329.3      320.0      328.5      14.4    28.1         13.8        25.9    4.5       8.5        4.3         7.9

Kentucky .............................................................        2,048.8    2,065.1    2,037.8    2,059.6     132.5   215.8     129.0       219.6       6.5      10.5        6.3       10.7
  Bowling Green ..................................................               63.6       63.0       63.1       62.9       3.4     6.0       3.4         6.6       5.4       9.6        5.4       10.5
  Elizabethtown ...................................................              54.8       55.9       54.5       55.7       3.5     5.6       3.5         6.0       6.3      10.1        6.4       10.8
  Lexington-Fayette .............................................               237.2      237.6      237.3      237.6      12.5    19.7      12.0        19.9       5.3       8.3        5.1        8.4
  Louisville-Jefferson County ..............................                    632.3      631.0      625.8      629.0      42.9    63.8      40.9        64.8       6.8      10.1        6.5       10.3
  Owensboro .......................................................              56.7       57.7       56.5       57.1       3.4     5.5       3.4         5.3       6.0       9.6        5.9        9.2

Louisiana .............................................................       2,101.3    2,056.4    2,117.0    2,074.7     116.2   152.5     111.3       146.5       5.5       7.4        5.3         7.1
  Alexandria .........................................................           70.7       70.2       72.2       71.0       3.2     4.9       3.6         4.6       4.6       7.0        5.0         6.5
  Baton Rouge .....................................................             383.1      372.5      386.1      375.6      21.9    26.2      19.8        25.4       5.7       7.0        5.1         6.8
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux .......................                            108.3      104.0      108.3      105.1       7.0     5.2       4.4         5.4       6.5       5.0        4.0         5.1
  Lafayette ...........................................................         137.1      135.5      138.0      136.8       4.9     8.4       5.3         8.0       3.6       6.2        3.8         5.9
  Lake Charles ....................................................              96.9       95.8       97.7       96.4       4.5     6.8       4.7         6.3       4.6       7.1        4.8         6.5
  Monroe .............................................................           81.8       80.9       82.9       81.9       4.2     6.6       4.5         6.2       5.1       8.2        5.4         7.6
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner ..........................                        539.4      525.7      544.6      531.2      31.0    37.9      28.8        36.1       5.7       7.2        5.3         6.8
  Shreveport-Bossier City ....................................                  187.9      182.4      189.1      182.6       9.8    13.7      11.1        13.0       5.2       7.5        5.9         7.1

Maine ...................................................................      707.5       701.1      710.6        702.7    35.2    54.7         37.9        53.4    5.0       7.8        5.3         7.6
  Bangor ..............................................................         71.2        71.1       72.5         72.8     3.6     5.1          3.9         5.0    5.1       7.2        5.3         6.9
  Lewiston-Auburn ...............................................               56.9        56.5       57.6         57.1     3.1     4.8          3.3         4.6    5.4       8.4        5.7         8.1
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford ...................                        205.1       204.1      206.3        204.6     8.3    13.6          9.0        13.3    4.1       6.6        4.4         6.5

Maryland ..............................................................       2,983.8    2,936.5    2,997.2    2,936.8     134.4   205.3     145.3       212.5       4.5       7.0        4.8         7.2
  Baltimore-Towson .............................................              1,397.3    1,372.0    1,405.8    1,376.0      67.0   102.7      72.0       106.5       4.8       7.5        5.1         7.7
  Cumberland ......................................................              48.4       48.5       48.9       48.5       2.4     3.7       2.6         3.8       5.1       7.6        5.3         7.8
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg ..................................                     119.4      119.1      119.7      118.1       6.1    10.7       6.7        10.7       5.1       9.0        5.6         9.1
  Salisbury ...........................................................          63.9       62.9       63.7       62.2       3.5     5.0       4.0         5.3       5.5       7.9        6.2         8.5

Massachusetts ....................................................            3,412.9    3,425.0    3,420.9    3,432.6     191.0   317.3     185.9       289.7       5.6       9.3        5.4        8.4
  Barnstable Town ...............................................               138.0      134.8      132.3      129.4       7.1    11.2       7.2        10.4       5.2       8.3        5.5        8.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ...............................                     2,487.2    2,494.3    2,498.8    2,505.3     129.8   219.2     125.0       197.7       5.2       8.8        5.0        7.9
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner .........................                         71.4       72.3       71.7       72.3       5.0     8.6       5.0         7.9       7.0      11.9        7.0       10.9
  New Bedford .....................................................              83.7       84.8       84.3       85.1       6.6    10.8       6.7        10.2       7.8      12.7        7.9       12.0
  Pittsfield ............................................................        38.3       38.2       38.0       38.0       2.0     3.3       1.9         3.0       5.1       8.6        4.9        8.0
  Springfield .........................................................         342.6      342.5      344.8      345.3      20.7    32.6      20.4        31.0       6.0       9.5        5.9        9.0
  Worcester .........................................................           289.1      294.4      290.1      295.5      17.3    28.6      16.7        26.5       6.0       9.7        5.8        9.0

Michigan ..............................................................       4,908.9    4,823.8    4,917.2    4,845.9     416.5   712.4     427.2       693.7       8.5      14.8        8.7       14.3
  Ann Arbor .........................................................           184.1      175.9      185.2      179.9      11.8    16.4      11.1        15.8       6.4       9.3        6.0        8.8
  Battle Creek ......................................................            68.3       66.5       68.4       66.9       5.5     8.2       5.4         8.1       8.0      12.4        7.9       12.0
  Bay City ............................................................          54.4       53.6       54.4       53.8       4.2     6.6       4.1         6.5       7.6      12.3        7.5       12.1
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia .....................................                2,096.9    2,089.5    2,107.4    2,097.6     186.4   360.9     198.2       349.7       8.9      17.3        9.4       16.7
  Flint ...................................................................     200.0      189.4      200.6      190.6      21.0    29.9      20.7        29.1      10.5      15.8       10.3       15.2
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming ...................................                      398.8      387.8      399.5      391.4      30.1    46.1      29.9        44.7       7.5      11.9        7.5       11.4
  Holland-Grand Haven .......................................                   133.1      128.4      133.0      128.9       9.6    16.5       9.7        16.2       7.2      12.8        7.3       12.6
  Jackson ............................................................           75.9       74.0       76.1       74.8       6.9    11.0       6.9        10.8       9.1      14.9        9.0       14.5
  Kalamazoo-Portage ..........................................                  173.1      166.8      173.5      169.8      12.5    19.5      12.0        18.9       7.2      11.7        6.9       11.1
  Lansing-East Lansing .......................................                  248.5      240.6      250.7      244.6      17.2    26.4      17.2        26.0       6.9      11.0        6.9       10.6
  Monroe .............................................................           75.8       74.3       75.6       74.7       7.1    10.6       6.7        10.1       9.3      14.2        8.8       13.6
  Muskegon-Norton Shores .................................                       89.0       87.7       88.6       87.6       8.2    14.0       8.5        13.7       9.2      16.0        9.6       15.7
  Niles-Benton Harbor .........................................                  80.3       77.1       79.7       77.5       6.7    10.4       6.5        10.2       8.4      13.5        8.2       13.2
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North ...................                             94.0       90.4       94.3       91.0       8.1    11.7       8.0        11.5       8.7      12.9        8.5       12.6

Minnesota ............................................................        2,946.5    2,956.5    2,952.3    2,951.1     159.3   211.9     151.2       204.9       5.4       7.2        5.1         6.9
  Duluth ...............................................................        146.9      144.8      147.4      144.8       8.5    11.3       8.4        10.9       5.8       7.8        5.7         7.5
  Mankato-North Mankato ...................................                      56.0       56.7       56.2       57.6       2.6     3.5       2.3         3.4       4.6       6.2        4.2         5.9
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington ...................                        1,853.7    1,844.9    1,857.1    1,843.5      99.9   136.2      95.0       131.1       5.4       7.4        5.1         7.1
  Rochester .........................................................           104.1      105.9      104.3      105.5       4.7     6.1       4.4         6.0       4.5       5.8        4.3         5.7
  St. Cloud ...........................................................         106.9      105.5      108.1      106.6       5.7     7.2       5.4         7.1       5.3       6.9        5.0         6.6


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                           Unemployed
                                                                                      Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                      Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                              September                October            September              October            September             October

                                                                            2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008    2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p


Mississippi ..........................................................      1,311.2    1,273.1    1,311.6    1,280.9      92.9   113.6         90.8    122.3       7.1       8.9        6.9         9.5
  Gulfport-Biloxi ...................................................         113.4      107.4      112.7      108.8       6.7     7.9          6.5      8.6       5.9       7.3        5.8         7.9
  Hattiesburg .......................................................          66.1       62.3       66.4       63.1       4.0     4.7          3.8      5.1       6.0       7.6        5.7         8.1
  Jackson ............................................................        260.3      250.6      260.5      252.0      15.2    17.8         15.0     19.5       5.8       7.1        5.8         7.7
  Pascagoula .......................................................           70.8       67.3       70.6       67.7       4.8     5.7          4.5      6.0       6.8       8.4        6.3         8.9

Missouri ...............................................................    2,994.3    3,001.5    3,004.9    2,993.8     186.6   278.2     188.9       267.0       6.2       9.3        6.3         8.9
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson ..................................                    50.3       49.4       51.1       49.6       2.6     3.6       2.6         3.5       5.2       7.4        5.1         7.1
  Columbia ..........................................................          91.2       91.9       92.3       91.9       4.2     5.7       4.0         5.4       4.6       6.3        4.3         5.9
  Jefferson City ....................................................          76.3       76.0       76.5       75.7       3.9     5.7       3.8         5.3       5.1       7.5        5.0         7.1
  Joplin ................................................................      83.5       84.4       83.4       84.6       4.5     7.0       4.5         6.5       5.4       8.2        5.4         7.7
  Kansas City ......................................................        1,038.4    1,056.1    1,037.2    1,049.9      63.1    93.9      62.0        88.1       6.1       8.9        6.0         8.4
  St. Joseph .........................................................         66.7       68.9       66.8       69.3       3.5     5.9       3.6         5.6       5.3       8.6        5.4         8.1
  St. Louis1 ..........................................................     1,436.6    1,426.7    1,436.1    1,423.0      96.6   141.7      98.8       138.9       6.7       9.9        6.9         9.8
  Springfield .........................................................       215.0      219.0      214.9      217.3      11.8    18.2      12.3        17.4       5.5       8.3        5.7         8.0

Montana ...............................................................      505.8       498.5      505.6        495.1    20.5    29.4         22.4        29.0    4.0       5.9        4.4         5.9
 Billings ..............................................................      85.9        84.6       87.4         84.5     2.9     4.0          2.9         3.8    3.3       4.7        3.3         4.5
 Great Falls ........................................................         40.0        38.1       40.1         37.6     1.6     2.0          1.7         1.9    4.0       5.2        4.1         5.0
 Missoula ...........................................................         57.1        56.3       57.1         55.3     2.4     3.2          2.5         3.0    4.2       5.6        4.5         5.5

Nebraska .............................................................       989.0       974.2      997.4        978.6    31.1    44.9         32.1        43.5    3.1       4.6        3.2         4.4
  Lincoln ..............................................................     167.6       166.5      169.9        165.4     5.0     7.1          5.0         7.0    3.0       4.3        2.9         4.2
  Omaha-Council Bluffs .......................................               452.3       449.6      457.2        448.0    15.9    22.0         16.0        21.7    3.5       4.9        3.5         4.8

Nevada .................................................................    1,392.7    1,407.1    1,395.7    1,386.2     106.1   190.7     107.4       175.3       7.6      13.6        7.7       12.6
  Carson City .......................................................          29.8       30.0       29.8       29.6       2.3     3.9       2.2         3.5       7.6      12.8        7.5       11.7
  Las Vegas-Paradise .........................................                999.9    1,011.5    1,003.2      994.9      77.1   141.0      78.1       129.7       7.7      13.9        7.8       13.0
  Reno-Sparks .....................................................           230.3      228.0      230.0      226.1      16.9    29.9      17.2        27.6       7.3      13.1        7.5       12.2

New Hampshire ...................................................            735.3       733.3      736.2        735.1    27.2    51.1         27.3        47.5    3.7       7.0        3.7         6.5
  Manchester .......................................................         106.8       107.6      107.3        108.2     4.1     7.7          4.0         7.2    3.8       7.1        3.7         6.7
  Portsmouth .......................................................          44.3        44.1       44.2         44.1     1.6     2.6          1.6         2.5    3.5       5.9        3.6         5.6
  Rochester-Dover ..............................................              83.1        83.0       83.9         83.7     3.0     5.7          3.2         5.3    3.6       6.8        3.8         6.3

New Jersey ..........................................................       4,473.5    4,507.4    4,495.1    4,511.0     249.4   433.5     254.5       420.1       5.6       9.6        5.7        9.3
  Atlantic City-Hammonton ..................................                  136.5      138.0      134.8      135.8       9.4    16.8      10.0        17.2       6.9      12.2        7.4       12.7
  Ocean City ........................................................          61.2       60.8       55.6       56.8       3.4     5.2       4.2         6.0       5.5       8.5        7.6       10.6
  Trenton-Ewing ..................................................            197.9      197.7      199.2      197.4       9.9    16.1       9.9        15.2       5.0       8.2        5.0        7.7
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton ..............................                  69.4       71.2       69.6       71.0       5.5     9.0       5.8         9.1       8.0      12.6        8.3       12.8

New Mexico .........................................................         962.1       956.3      966.7        960.2    40.5    71.2         41.6        72.4    4.2       7.4        4.3         7.5
  Albuquerque .....................................................          413.9       408.0      415.2        409.2    18.5    31.7         19.2        31.9    4.5       7.8        4.6         7.8
  Farmington .......................................................          59.0        58.1       59.1         58.5     2.2     4.8          2.1         5.1    3.7       8.3        3.6         8.7
  Las Cruces .......................................................          90.2        89.9       91.1         91.0     3.8     6.2          4.0         6.6    4.2       6.9        4.4         7.2
  Santa Fe ...........................................................        79.3        77.4       79.3         77.4     2.9     5.0          3.0         5.0    3.6       6.4        3.7         6.5

New York .............................................................      9,655.1    9,677.8    9,696.0    9,708.0     545.8   846.9     553.6       846.0       5.7       8.8        5.7        8.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy ................................                    455.9      449.5      456.3      451.3      23.1    32.1      22.6        31.5       5.1       7.1        4.9        7.0
  Binghamton ......................................................           123.7      123.7      123.9      123.7       6.8    10.3       6.7        10.3       5.5       8.4        5.4        8.3
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls ........................................              585.9      581.7      586.3      581.8      34.4    48.7      33.4        48.0       5.9       8.4        5.7        8.3
  Elmira ...............................................................       41.5       41.2       41.4       40.9       2.4     3.7       2.4         3.6       5.7       8.9        5.7        8.7
  Glens Falls ........................................................         68.5       66.8       67.7       66.3       3.6     4.9       3.6         5.0       5.2       7.3        5.3        7.5
  Ithaca ................................................................      56.7       56.4       57.2       57.0       2.5     3.2       2.4         3.1       4.4       5.7        4.2        5.5
  Kingston ............................................................        90.1       90.6       90.4       90.6       5.2     7.3       4.9         7.0       5.8       8.1        5.5        7.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island ...                              9,433.5    9,503.8    9,486.2    9,529.5     528.0   883.1     541.4       871.7       5.6       9.3        5.7        9.1
     New York City ................................................         3,951.7    4,001.2    3,976.0    4,020.5     234.9   407.7     248.5       413.8       5.9      10.2        6.3       10.3
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown ..............                             325.6      325.9      327.9      327.7      18.3    26.6      18.0        25.9       5.6       8.2        5.5        7.9
  Rochester .........................................................         533.6      534.2      536.5      537.2      30.5    42.8      29.7        42.1       5.7       8.0        5.5        7.8
  Syracuse ...........................................................        332.2      332.4      333.6      333.8      19.0    26.9      18.8        26.8       5.7       8.1        5.6        8.0
  Utica-Rome .......................................................          139.9      140.1      141.1      141.1       7.7    10.2       7.5        10.3       5.5       7.3        5.3        7.3

North Carolina .....................................................        4,561.7    4,526.1    4,590.0    4,544.5     293.7   472.6     317.8       484.1       6.4      10.4        6.9       10.7
  Asheville ...........................................................       208.9      204.7      210.1      205.8      10.5    17.2      11.0        17.6       5.0       8.4        5.2        8.6
  Burlington .........................................................         71.2       70.8       71.6       71.4       4.8     8.3       5.2         8.4       6.8      11.8        7.2       11.8
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord .............................                    865.1      854.0      874.3      860.4      58.2   100.4      63.3       103.3       6.7      11.8        7.2       12.0
  Durham-Chapel Hill ..........................................               265.9      260.2      266.8      262.0      13.2    20.2      13.5        20.0       5.0       7.8        5.1        7.6
  Fayetteville .......................................................        153.7      151.7      154.6      153.6       9.8    13.7      10.2        13.9       6.4       9.0        6.6        9.0
  Goldsboro .........................................................          53.4       52.1       53.0       52.6       3.2     4.6       3.5         4.6       6.1       8.8        6.5        8.8
  Greensboro-High Point .....................................                 369.0      360.1      372.5      364.7      24.5    40.0      26.4        41.3       6.6      11.1        7.1       11.3
  Greenville .........................................................         90.0       88.9       90.8       89.7       6.1     8.9       6.6         8.9       6.8      10.0        7.3       10.0
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton ................................                   171.8      169.0      173.5      171.8      13.5    23.8      14.8        25.0       7.9      14.1        8.5       14.5
  Jacksonville ......................................................          63.4       60.8       64.4       61.6       3.6     5.1       3.8         4.9       5.8       8.3        5.9        8.0
  Raleigh-Cary .....................................................          560.0      555.5      564.5      563.2      28.7    47.8      30.3        48.2       5.1       8.6        5.4        8.6
  Rocky Mount .....................................................            71.1       70.9       71.6       71.8       6.5     9.6       6.9         9.8       9.2      13.5        9.6       13.7
  Wilmington ........................................................         179.4      178.2      179.5      179.3      10.5    17.3      11.4        17.7       5.8       9.7        6.4        9.8
  Winston-Salem .................................................             239.8      238.4      241.7      241.0      14.7    23.4      15.9        23.7       6.1       9.8        6.6        9.8


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                           LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                             NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                            Unemployed
                                                                                       Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                       Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                               September                October            September              October            September             October

                                                                             2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008    2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p


North Dakota .......................................................          371.6       363.9      370.7        362.2     9.8    12.4          8.9        11.7    2.6       3.4        2.4         3.2
  Bismarck ...........................................................         61.7        60.2       61.8         60.1     1.5     1.7          1.4         1.7    2.4       2.9        2.2         2.8
  Fargo ................................................................      121.2       119.3      121.7        119.1     3.2     4.4          2.9         4.2    2.6       3.7        2.4         3.5
  Grand Forks ......................................................           56.1        54.5       56.6         54.9     1.8     2.1          1.6         1.9    3.2       3.8        2.8         3.5

Ohio .....................................................................   5,969.3    5,877.8    5,983.3    5,903.6     394.1   572.2     395.4       591.5       6.6       9.7        6.6       10.0
  Akron ................................................................       392.8      381.7      392.7      382.1      24.6    36.2      24.4        37.2       6.3       9.5        6.2        9.7
  Canton-Massillon ..............................................              206.5      204.1      207.1      204.5      14.1    22.8      14.2        23.4       6.8      11.2        6.9       11.4
  Cincinnati-Middletown ......................................               1,127.2    1,104.0    1,125.5    1,102.6      68.2   102.3      67.9       105.7       6.1       9.3        6.0        9.6
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor ...................................                1,076.6    1,056.0    1,071.5    1,061.1      69.8    88.1      65.7        91.7       6.5       8.3        6.1        8.6
  Columbus .........................................................           965.9      952.3      972.4      960.3      56.4    78.2      56.5        81.1       5.8       8.2        5.8        8.4
  Dayton ..............................................................        424.8      417.6      426.8      418.8      30.5    44.8      31.5        46.2       7.2      10.7        7.4       11.0
  Lima ..................................................................       51.8       50.1       51.6       50.3       3.9     5.2       3.9         5.4       7.5      10.3        7.5       10.6
  Mansfield ..........................................................          62.8       61.1       62.6       62.1       4.7     7.2       4.6         7.5       7.5      11.8        7.3       12.1
  Sandusky ..........................................................           44.0       44.9       43.3       44.0       3.3     4.3       3.0         4.8       7.5       9.5        7.0       10.9
  Springfield .........................................................         71.0       70.2       71.2       70.4       4.7     7.0       4.8         7.2       6.7       9.9        6.8       10.2
  Toledo ...............................................................       335.9      325.1      338.7      326.9      25.3    36.0      28.3        37.3       7.5      11.1        8.3       11.4
  Weirton-Steubenville ........................................                 58.9       58.2       59.3       58.5       3.4     7.1       4.2         7.4       5.8      12.1        7.1       12.6
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman .......................                           278.4      271.2      279.1      270.8      20.0    33.4      20.5        33.9       7.2      12.3        7.3       12.5

Oklahoma ............................................................        1,750.5    1,780.9    1,766.2    1,782.4      64.9   116.8         73.0    123.9       3.7       6.6        4.1         7.0
  Lawton ..............................................................         45.9       46.3       46.5       46.4       1.7     2.4          2.0      2.7       3.7       5.2        4.2         5.8
  Oklahoma City ..................................................             567.4      574.0      573.6      573.1      20.8    34.5         24.2     37.2       3.7       6.0        4.2         6.5
  Tulsa .................................................................      433.7      455.4      439.1      456.5      16.3    32.4         18.3     34.1       3.8       7.1        4.2         7.5

Oregon .................................................................     1,968.1    1,958.5    1,976.6    1,959.6     121.2   207.9     135.1       210.3       6.2      10.6        6.8       10.7
  Bend .................................................................        82.1       84.3       81.8       83.6       6.2    11.1       7.1        11.4       7.6      13.2        8.7       13.6
  Corvallis ............................................................        42.4       41.2       44.0       42.4       1.9     3.1       2.2         3.2       4.4       7.4        5.0        7.5
  Eugene-Springfield ...........................................               182.3      182.9      185.3      185.7      12.9    20.7      13.9        20.7       7.1      11.3        7.5       11.2
  Medford ............................................................         103.9      103.3      104.7      102.9       7.5    11.8       8.1        11.8       7.2      11.4        7.8       11.4
  Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton ........................                      1,172.4    1,168.1    1,181.7    1,172.2      66.8   124.6      74.9       125.7       5.7      10.7        6.3       10.7
  Salem ...............................................................        197.7      195.7      196.4      194.4      11.4    19.3      13.0        20.2       5.8       9.9        6.6       10.4

Pennsylvania .......................................................         6,408.4    6,350.4    6,435.6    6,332.9     331.3   528.2     350.2       533.6       5.2       8.3        5.4         8.4
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton ...........................                       418.9      418.3      422.1      417.6      22.8    38.1      23.9        38.9       5.5       9.1        5.7         9.3
  Altoona .............................................................         65.0       63.7       65.2       63.2       3.2     4.6       3.4         4.6       4.9       7.3        5.3         7.3
  Erie ...................................................................     140.8      139.6      141.0      139.0       7.2    12.8       7.6        13.0       5.1       9.2        5.4         9.4
  Harrisburg-Carlisle ............................................             286.9      281.4      286.9      280.5      12.9    21.3      13.7        21.3       4.5       7.6        4.8         7.6
  Johnstown ........................................................            68.4       67.6       69.1       67.8       3.8     5.9       4.0         6.0       5.6       8.7        5.8         8.8
  Lancaster ..........................................................         273.1      267.3      272.2      264.2      11.3    20.1      12.1        20.1       4.2       7.5        4.4         7.6
  Lebanon ............................................................          73.0       71.8       72.8       71.0       2.9     5.1       3.2         5.0       4.0       7.1        4.4         7.0
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington ....................                        2,977.7    2,946.0    3,009.1    2,954.9     164.3   259.6     171.4       259.2       5.5       8.8        5.7         8.8
  Pittsburgh .........................................................       1,222.1    1,207.0    1,226.7    1,205.5      58.9    91.1      60.8        92.4       4.8       7.5        5.0         7.7
  Reading ............................................................         204.8      202.9      205.1      201.6      10.7    18.5      11.6        18.5       5.2       9.1        5.6         9.2
  Scranton—Wilkes-Barre ...................................                    282.8      278.6      284.6      279.5      16.3    24.3      17.5        25.2       5.8       8.7        6.2         9.0
  State College ....................................................            76.8       76.5       76.7       76.0       3.1     4.2       3.2         4.2       4.0       5.5        4.1         5.5
  Williamsport ......................................................           60.3       59.6       60.4       59.2       3.2     5.5       3.4         5.5       5.3       9.2        5.7         9.2
  York-Hanover ...................................................             229.0      226.2      229.7      224.9      10.8    18.9      11.5        19.2       4.7       8.4        5.0         8.5

Rhode Island .......................................................          567.9       569.1      567.3        567.8    45.6    70.1         48.2        69.3    8.0      12.3        8.5       12.2
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick ........................                      700.6       702.6      701.0        702.1    55.4    86.9         58.1        85.2    7.9      12.4        8.3       12.1

South Carolina ....................................................          2,155.3    2,163.4    2,165.0    2,169.5     163.0   253.3     172.8       262.2       7.6      11.7        8.0       12.1
  Anderson ..........................................................           85.1       86.2       85.6       87.2       6.2    10.6       6.7        11.3       7.2      12.3        7.8       12.9
  Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville .......                              320.3      320.2      322.4      322.3      19.8    30.8      21.0        32.2       6.2       9.6        6.5       10.0
  Columbia ..........................................................          371.4      375.6      375.2      378.5      24.2    34.9      25.7        36.3       6.5       9.3        6.9        9.6
  Florence ............................................................         95.1       97.7       95.2       97.5       7.9    11.6       8.3        12.1       8.3      11.9        8.7       12.4
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley ................................                   319.6      320.4      321.2      320.3      20.4    33.5      22.0        34.5       6.4      10.4        6.8       10.8
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway ......                                130.2      130.9      129.8      128.8       9.6    14.2      11.2        15.7       7.3      10.9        8.7       12.2
  Spartanburg ......................................................           138.9      139.6      139.1      139.9      10.3    16.9      10.9        17.5       7.4      12.1        7.9       12.5
  Sumter ..............................................................         42.7       43.1       42.9       42.9       4.0     5.9       4.2         6.0       9.3      13.8        9.9       13.9

South Dakota ......................................................           445.4       445.6      447.0        447.4    12.9    19.6         12.9        20.3    2.9       4.4        2.9         4.5
  Rapid City .........................................................         67.8        67.9       67.7         67.7     1.9     3.0          2.0         3.1    2.8       4.3        2.9         4.6
  Sioux Falls ........................................................        128.8       129.6      130.2        131.4     3.4     5.9          3.4         6.2    2.6       4.6        2.6         4.7

Tennessee ...........................................................        3,052.3    3,004.5    3,060.1    2,999.7     202.8   307.3     202.5       305.4       6.6      10.2        6.6       10.2
  Chattanooga .....................................................            264.4      260.1      265.6      260.1      15.6    23.3      15.9        23.1       5.9       9.0        6.0        8.9
  Clarksville .........................................................        109.4      108.5      108.3      107.8       8.1    11.5       7.5        11.2       7.4      10.6        7.0       10.4
  Cleveland ..........................................................          54.8       53.3       54.8       53.4       3.6     5.1       3.6         5.1       6.6       9.6        6.5        9.5
  Jackson ............................................................          56.4       56.1       56.7       55.7       3.8     6.2       3.8         5.9       6.8      11.1        6.6       10.7
  Johnson City .....................................................           100.5       99.1      101.3      100.1       6.0     9.0       5.9         9.0       6.0       9.1        5.8        9.0


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                             LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                               NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                              Unemployed
                                                                                         Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                         Number                             Percent of labor force
                        State and area
                                                                                 September                October            September              October            September             October

                                                                               2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008    2009      2008       2009p       2008     2009       2008        2009p


Tennessee—Continued
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol ....................................                147.1       145.3      147.4        144.9     8.2    13.2          8.1        13.2    5.6       9.1        5.5        9.1
  Knoxville ...........................................................         359.5       353.0      360.5        351.4    19.3    30.3         18.9        29.4    5.4       8.6        5.3        8.4
  Memphis ...........................................................           621.2       613.3      620.9        612.1    43.0    60.8         42.8        60.6    6.9       9.9        6.9        9.9
  Morristown ........................................................            64.4        64.8       65.0         64.8     4.6     8.0          4.7         7.9    7.1      12.4        7.2       12.1
  Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin                                      800.6       782.8      802.4        780.9    46.8    72.4         46.4        71.1    5.8       9.2        5.8        9.1

Texas ...................................................................     11,773.1   12,067.8   11,812.2    12,073.2    605.3   994.8     611.9       983.0       5.1       8.2        5.2        8.1
  Abilene ..............................................................          83.1       83.9       82.8        83.5      3.3     5.3       3.2         5.1       4.0       6.3        3.9        6.1
  Amarillo .............................................................         129.9      131.3      130.3       131.3      4.9     7.6       4.7         7.3       3.8       5.8        3.6        5.5
  Austin-Round Rock ...........................................                  873.2      903.5      877.6       906.8     40.5    65.1      40.6        64.9       4.6       7.2        4.6        7.2
  Beaumont-Port Arthur .......................................                   180.9      183.1      183.2       183.4     12.7    19.6      14.5        19.9       7.0      10.7        7.9       10.8
  Brownsville-Harlingen .......................................                  145.0      150.8      145.7       150.0     10.6    16.2      10.3        15.8       7.3      10.7        7.1       10.5
  College Station-Bryan .......................................                  109.5      108.5      110.9       109.8      4.6     7.0       4.4         6.6       4.2       6.5        4.0        6.0
  Corpus Christi ...................................................             206.3      206.6      206.3       207.6     10.2    16.4      10.0        16.0       5.0       7.9        4.8        7.7
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ..............................                   3,149.1    3,225.8    3,158.6     3,228.2    164.7   269.3     167.1       267.7       5.2       8.3        5.3        8.3
  El Paso .............................................................          300.1      310.0      301.2       309.8     19.6    30.3      19.5        29.5       6.5       9.8        6.5        9.5
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown .........................                         2,786.0    2,837.3    2,809.6     2,843.9    141.6   241.3     146.6       240.6       5.1       8.5        5.2        8.5
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood ................................                      158.9      161.8      160.1       162.3      8.3    11.8       8.2        11.6       5.2       7.3        5.1        7.1
  Laredo ..............................................................           92.6       96.9       93.0        96.8      5.0     8.9       4.9         8.5       5.4       9.2        5.3        8.8
  Longview ..........................................................            108.5      111.2      109.3       111.4      4.7     9.1       4.7         8.9       4.3       8.2        4.3        8.0
  Lubbock ............................................................           142.6      144.0      143.3       143.9      5.5     8.2       5.3         7.8       3.9       5.7        3.7        5.4
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission ................................                      282.7      298.7      282.8       301.0     22.1    34.5      21.0        33.7       7.8      11.5        7.4       11.2
  Midland .............................................................           76.5       78.5       76.8        77.8      2.3     4.8       2.2         4.5       3.0       6.1        2.8        5.8
  Odessa .............................................................            72.4       75.8       72.8        75.7      2.6     7.0       2.5         6.8       3.5       9.2        3.4        9.0
  San Angelo .......................................................              53.0       53.8       52.7        53.7      2.3     3.8       2.3         3.6       4.4       7.0        4.3        6.7
  San Antonio ......................................................             954.3      976.1      953.9       975.0     46.8    69.4      46.9        68.2       4.9       7.1        4.9        7.0
  Sherman-Denison .............................................                   56.4       57.6       56.4        57.4      3.0     5.0       3.0         4.9       5.3       8.7        5.3        8.6
  Texarkana .........................................................             64.7       64.6       64.5        64.9      3.1     4.4       3.1         4.6       4.8       6.8        4.8        7.0
  Tyler ..................................................................       100.0      102.3      101.7       102.2      4.9     8.5       6.2         8.2       4.9       8.3        6.1        8.0
  Victoria ..............................................................         58.6       59.3       58.9        59.1      2.5     4.8       2.4         4.6       4.2       8.1        4.1        7.8
  Waco ................................................................          111.8      113.5      112.1       113.7      5.3     8.1       5.1         7.9       4.8       7.1        4.5        6.9
  Wichita Falls .....................................................             73.0       74.0       73.0        73.9      3.9     5.9       3.8         5.8       5.3       7.9        5.2        7.8

Utah ......................................................................    1,387.9    1,368.0    1,392.8     1,366.1     44.4    81.6         46.4        85.8    3.2       6.0        3.3         6.3
  Logan ................................................................          68.2       68.0       68.9        68.1      1.8     2.8          1.8         3.0    2.6       4.1        2.5         4.4
  Ogden-Clearfield ..............................................                265.6      260.3      266.6       260.2      9.1    16.1          9.6        16.8    3.4       6.2        3.6         6.4
  Provo-Orem ......................................................              230.7      226.6      231.4       226.7      6.8    12.3          7.1        13.2    2.9       5.4        3.1         5.8
  St. George ........................................................             61.9       61.1       62.2        60.8      2.9     4.8          3.0         5.0    4.7       7.9        4.9         8.3
  Salt Lake City ...................................................             610.9      600.3      612.6       599.6     19.0    36.1         20.0        37.8    3.1       6.0        3.3         6.3

Vermont ...............................................................         356.9       356.9      358.3        357.2    16.4    22.9         15.9        21.0    4.6       6.4        4.4         5.9
  Burlington-South Burlington ..............................                    114.7       114.2      115.2        113.8     4.8     6.5          4.8         5.9    4.2       5.7        4.1         5.2

Virginia ................................................................      4,116.7    4,124.6    4,123.1     4,123.3    167.6   270.1     171.6       261.7       4.1       6.5        4.2        6.3
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford .................                             81.6       82.6       82.5        82.6      4.3     6.4       4.1         6.1       5.2       7.7        5.0        7.4
  Charlottesville ...................................................            106.5      105.6      107.5       105.7      3.5     5.8       3.6         5.6       3.3       5.5        3.4        5.3
  Danville .............................................................          51.0       51.8       52.4        52.1      3.8     5.9       4.9         5.8       7.4      11.3        9.4       11.2
  Harrisonburg .....................................................              64.8       65.0       65.0        65.5      2.3     3.7       2.4         3.6       3.6       5.7        3.7        5.5
  Lynchburg .........................................................            124.3      127.1      124.7       126.9      5.2     8.8       5.3         8.4       4.2       6.9        4.3        6.6
  Richmond .........................................................             647.9      644.0      645.0       643.8     28.8    49.5      28.8        47.7       4.4       7.7        4.5        7.4
  Roanoke ...........................................................            156.8      157.3      157.2       158.0      6.2    11.1       6.4        11.0       3.9       7.1        4.1        7.0
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News .............                              823.5      831.4      824.2       830.0     35.5    55.6      36.4        54.1       4.3       6.7        4.4        6.5
  Winchester ........................................................             64.2       63.3       64.0        63.2      2.8     4.7       2.8         4.5       4.3       7.5        4.4        7.1

Washington .........................................................           3,494.4    3,557.3    3,514.6     3,550.5    176.3   306.8     191.2       311.0       5.0       8.6        5.4        8.8
 Bellingham ........................................................             107.5      106.0      110.0       106.8      5.2     8.2       5.3         8.0       4.8       7.7        4.8        7.5
 Bremerton-Silverdale ........................................                   124.1      121.9      125.5       121.4      6.0     8.6       6.4         8.6       4.8       7.0        5.1        7.1
 Kennewick-Pasco-Richland ..............................                         126.4      132.6      127.8       132.2      5.6     7.7       6.1         7.9       4.4       5.8        4.8        5.9
 Longview ..........................................................              43.9       43.7       44.3        43.8      3.4     5.4       3.5         5.4       7.8      12.4        8.0       12.4
 Mount Vernon-Anacortes ..................................                        58.9       59.7       59.3        59.5      3.0     5.4       3.3         5.5       5.1       9.0        5.5        9.2
 Olympia ............................................................            131.1      131.7      133.7       132.2      6.2     9.2       6.8         9.2       4.7       7.0        5.1        7.0
 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue .................................                     1,857.7    1,913.2    1,862.5     1,904.2     90.8   170.4      99.2       172.3       4.9       8.9        5.3        9.0
 Spokane ...........................................................             237.6      238.5      240.0       241.6     11.9    19.4      12.6        19.3       5.0       8.1        5.3        8.0
 Wenatchee-East Wenatchee ............................                            66.8       65.2       65.4        64.0      2.6     4.2       2.7         4.1       3.9       6.5        4.1        6.4
 Yakima ..............................................................           130.1      131.1      129.1       130.2      6.6     8.8       6.7         8.9       5.1       6.7        5.2        6.8

West Virginia .......................................................           803.9       791.4      802.2        789.5    29.0    63.6         30.0        60.9    3.6       8.0        3.7         7.7
 Charleston ........................................................            139.9       137.1      139.4        136.5     4.3    10.1          4.4         9.6    3.1       7.4        3.1         7.0
 Huntington-Ashland ..........................................                  132.8       130.2      132.6        129.7     6.3    10.3          6.1        10.1    4.8       7.9        4.6         7.8
 Morgantown ......................................................               64.3        62.5       64.6         63.7     1.7     3.2          1.7         3.3    2.6       5.2        2.6         5.1
 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna ...........................                         79.1        79.3       78.9         79.0     3.7     7.3          3.6         6.9    4.7       9.2        4.6         8.7
 Wheeling ...........................................................            68.7        68.8       69.2         68.9     3.3     5.9          3.5         6.0    4.8       8.6        5.1         8.7


See footnotes at end of table.
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                           LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                             NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                          Unemployed
                                                                                    Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                     Number                               Percent of labor force
                       State and area
                                                                            September                October             September              October             September               October

                                                                          2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008      2009       2008       2009p      2008       2009       2008       2009p


Wisconsin ............................................................    3,077.9    3,063.2    3,083.0    3,045.5     130.4      236.0      135.8      232.3       4.2       7.7        4.4        7.6
  Appleton ...........................................................      121.0      122.0      121.9      122.1       4.6        9.0        5.1        8.9       3.8       7.4        4.2        7.3
  Eau Claire .........................................................       89.4       89.2       90.3       89.4       3.3        5.5        3.4        5.3       3.7       6.2        3.8        6.0
  Fond du Lac ......................................................         56.3       56.8       56.3       55.6       2.2        4.4        2.4        4.5       4.0       7.8        4.3        8.1
  Green Bay ........................................................        169.5      170.5      170.3      170.5       7.1       12.5        7.4       12.1       4.2       7.3        4.3        7.1
  Janesville ..........................................................      82.9       83.7       83.1       83.2       5.1        9.3        5.4        9.1       6.2      11.1        6.5       10.9
  La Crosse .........................................................        75.8       75.1       76.4       75.3       2.8        4.6        2.9        4.5       3.6       6.1        3.8        5.9
  Madison ............................................................      337.7      338.2      337.8      337.1      11.1       19.0       11.6       18.5       3.3       5.6        3.4        5.5
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis .....................                       804.1      778.7      806.9      781.5      37.4       66.4       38.1       64.1       4.7       8.5        4.7        8.2
  Oshkosh-Neenah ..............................................              93.8       94.4       94.2       94.5       3.6        6.6        3.8        6.5       3.9       7.0        4.0        6.9
  Racine ..............................................................      99.8       98.4       99.8       98.4       5.0        9.1        5.1        8.9       5.1       9.3        5.1        9.0
  Sheboygan .......................................................          65.6       65.6       65.2       64.9       2.6        5.5        2.7        5.3       3.9       8.4        4.2        8.1
  Wausau ............................................................        74.5       74.7       74.5       74.7       2.9        5.8        3.0        5.9       3.9       7.7        4.0        8.0

Wyoming .............................................................      293.7       292.5      293.9        292.2      7.6      18.2        7.9        20.0      2.6       6.2        2.7          6.9
 Casper ..............................................................      40.4        40.4       40.9         40.9      1.0       2.9        1.0         3.1      2.4       7.2        2.5          7.5
 Cheyenne .........................................................         42.0        42.0       42.4         42.6      1.4       2.6        1.4         3.1      3.5       6.3        3.4          7.2

Puerto Rico .........................................................     1,362.7    1,320.1    1,357.6    1,329.5     162.9      216.8      171.9      211.8      12.0      16.4       12.7       15.9
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian .....................                     113.8      107.7      113.7      108.4      14.6       19.5       15.4       18.7      12.8      18.1       13.5       17.3
  Fajardo .............................................................      27.9       27.9       28.3       27.9       4.1        5.1        4.3        5.0      14.6      18.3       15.1       17.8
  Guayama ..........................................................         27.6       27.3       27.4       27.7       4.3        6.1        4.5        6.2      15.4      22.5       16.5       22.2
  Mayaguez .........................................................         37.3       36.0       37.3       35.9       4.8        6.3        5.2        6.2      13.0      17.6       14.0       17.3
  Ponce ...............................................................      91.9       87.7       90.4       88.6      11.2       14.8       12.0       14.5      12.2      16.8       13.2       16.4
  San German-Cabo Rojo ...................................                   51.8       50.3       51.9       51.2       6.6        8.3        7.0        8.1      12.7      16.5       13.5       15.8
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo ...........................                      913.3      888.8      908.3      895.3     102.9      136.3      108.4      133.3      11.3      15.3       11.9       14.9
  Yauco ...............................................................      39.9       39.4       40.0       39.7       5.6        7.4        5.9        7.2      13.9      18.8       14.8       18.1


   1   Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.                                                        Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other
   p = preliminary.                                                                                                    states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They
  NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a                                      are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock
monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area                                                Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio, are the exceptions in that
definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01,                                           they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.
dated November 20, 2008, and are available on the BLS Web site at                                                      Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.
http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                                                                                  LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                                    NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division 1
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                 Unemployed
                                                                                          Civilian labor force
                                                                                                                                            Number                               Percent of labor force
                 State, area, and division
                                                                                  September                October             September               October             September               October

                                                                                2008       2009        2008      2009p       2008       2009       2008      2009p       2008       2009       2008       2009p

California .............................................................. 18,467.0        18,373.7   18,564.4    18,356.4   1,399.4    2,211.3    1,472.5    2,251.4       7.6       12.0        7.9       12.3
   Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana ...................                         6,622.4    6,541.0    6,651.4     6,533.7     505.7      775.6      521.8      776.1       7.6       11.9        7.8       11.9
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale ...................                        4,983.7    4,918.6    5,007.6     4,908.4     412.2      621.1      424.2      619.9       8.3       12.6        8.5       12.6
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine ................................                  1,638.7    1,622.4    1,643.9     1,625.3      93.4      154.5       97.6      156.2       5.7        9.5        5.9        9.6
   San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .........................                      2,275.7    2,266.5    2,288.7     2,260.5     136.7      236.8      143.9      239.1       6.0       10.4        6.3       10.6
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward ...............................                    1,299.1    1,302.5    1,307.0     1,300.6      85.9      147.6       90.4      149.6       6.6       11.3        6.9       11.5
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City .........                               976.6      963.9      981.6       960.0      50.9       89.2       53.5       89.5       5.2        9.3        5.5        9.3

District of Columbia ..........................................                   332.6      327.9      331.3       330.2      24.7       38.1       25.4       39.9       7.4       11.6        7.7       12.1
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 2 ......................                     3,016.5    2,999.3    3,029.3     3,004.2     118.5      184.3      124.5      185.3       3.9        6.1        4.1        6.2
    Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville 3 .........................                      635.4      634.6      638.6       632.7      21.7       34.5       23.7       35.3       3.4        5.4        3.7        5.6
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 2 ...................                       2,381.1    2,364.7    2,390.6     2,371.4      96.8      149.8      100.8      150.0       4.1        6.3        4.2        6.3

Florida ....................................................................    9,298.1    9,227.6    9,312.6     9,191.5    645.3     1,041.1      661.1    1,030.5       6.9       11.3        7.1       11.2
   Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ..............                           2,858.7    2,871.7    2,875.9     2,868.9    185.9       313.7      191.0      314.2       6.5       10.9        6.6       11.0
    Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield
      Beach .............................................................       1,015.1    1,009.7    1,017.4     1,002.3      61.3       99.3       62.4       96.8       6.0        9.8        6.1        9.7
    Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall ..............................                    1,210.6    1,233.3    1,225.3     1,241.1      76.5      140.5       80.7      145.8       6.3       11.4        6.6       11.8
    West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach                                      633.0      628.7      633.2       625.6      48.1       73.8       48.0       71.6       7.6       11.7        7.6       11.4

Illinois ....................................................................   6,658.0    6,605.3    6,649.0     6,633.8    427.4       673.6      432.4      697.9       6.4       10.2        6.5       10.5
   Chicago-Naperville-Joliet 2 ...................................              4,879.6    4,848.4    4,865.9     4,863.2    300.2       486.6      299.7      500.7       6.2       10.0        6.2       10.3
    Chicago-Naperville-Joliet ...................................               4,088.7    4,066.7    4,072.1     4,082.6    253.1       411.5      250.0      424.2       6.2       10.1        6.1       10.4
    Gary 3 ................................................................       333.4      329.7      336.2       327.4     18.4        30.3       19.3       30.1       5.5        9.2        5.7        9.2
    Lake County-Kenosha County 2 ........................                         457.5      452.1      457.5       453.1     28.7        44.9       30.4       46.4       6.3        9.9        6.6       10.2

Massachusetts ...................................................               3,412.9    3,425.0    3,420.9     3,432.6    191.0       317.3      185.9      289.7       5.6        9.3        5.4        8.4
   Boston-Cambridge-Quincy 2 ................................                   2,487.2    2,494.3    2,498.8     2,505.3    129.8       219.2      125.0      197.7       5.2        8.8        5.0        7.9
    Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ................................                    1,508.4    1,510.8    1,515.9     1,519.4     76.2       126.2       72.6      112.8       5.1        8.4        4.8        7.4
    Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton ............................                      124.1      125.1      124.8       125.6      7.8        13.2        7.6       12.1       6.3       10.5        6.1        9.6
    Framingham ......................................................             146.6      147.5      147.1       148.0      6.6        11.2        6.3       10.1       4.5        7.6        4.3        6.8
    Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury 2 ................                           120.5      119.7      120.7       119.7      6.5        10.9        6.3       10.0       5.4        9.1        5.2        8.3
    Lawrence-Methuen-Salem 2 ..............................                        70.2       70.7       70.3        70.6      6.2        10.0        6.1        9.3       8.8       14.1        8.7       13.2
    Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford 2 ............................                    151.6      153.4      152.5       153.9      8.9        15.9        8.6       14.3       5.9       10.4        5.6        9.3
    Nashua 2 ...........................................................          176.7      177.2      177.5       178.1      6.6        13.3        6.7       12.4       3.8        7.5        3.8        7.0
    Peabody ............................................................          126.6      127.1      127.1       127.2      7.3        12.2        7.2       11.0       5.7        9.6        5.6        8.6
    Taunton-Norton-Raynham .................................                       62.4       62.7       63.0        62.9      3.7         6.3        3.7        5.8       6.0       10.0        5.9        9.1

Michigan ...............................................................        4,908.9    4,823.8    4,917.2     4,845.9     416.5      712.4      427.2      693.7       8.5       14.8        8.7       14.3
   Detroit-Warren-Livonia .........................................             2,096.9    2,089.5    2,107.4     2,097.6     186.4      360.9      198.2      349.7       8.9       17.3        9.4       16.7
    Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn ...................................                  863.2      871.2      867.8       874.7      88.9      158.8       93.0      154.4      10.3       18.2       10.7       17.7
    Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills ...........................                    1,233.7    1,218.3    1,239.6     1,222.9      97.5      202.0      105.1      195.3       7.9       16.6        8.5       16.0

New York ..............................................................         9,655.1    9,677.8    9,696.0     9,708.0    545.8       846.9      553.6      846.0       5.7        8.8        5.7         8.7
   New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island 2 ....                              9,433.5    9,503.8    9,486.2     9,529.5    528.0       883.1      541.4      871.7       5.6        9.3        5.7         9.1
    Edison-New Brunswick 3 ...................................                  1,191.5    1,203.4    1,198.4     1,199.7     61.5       107.7       62.4      103.5       5.2        9.0        5.2         8.6
    Nassau-Suffolk ..................................................           1,489.2    1,476.5    1,494.8     1,476.2     76.5       109.0       75.3      105.8       5.1        7.4        5.0         7.2
    New York-White Plains-Wayne 2 .......................                       5,663.0    5,719.9    5,695.9     5,747.2    329.3       562.8      342.2      562.5       5.8        9.8        6.0         9.8
    Newark-Union 3 .................................................            1,089.8    1,104.0    1,097.1     1,106.5     60.7       103.6       61.5       99.9       5.6        9.4        5.6         9.0

Pennsylvania .......................................................            6,408.4    6,350.4    6,435.6     6,332.9    331.3       528.2      350.2      533.6       5.2        8.3        5.4         8.4
   Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington 2 .....................                       2,977.7    2,946.0    3,009.1     2,954.9    164.3       259.6      171.4      259.2       5.5        8.8        5.7         8.8
    Camden 3 ..........................................................           656.9      655.0      662.6       657.9     37.9        65.9       38.7       63.9       5.8       10.1        5.8         9.7
    Philadelphia .......................................................        1,966.4    1,947.4    1,986.4     1,951.1    107.4       163.9      112.3      164.4       5.5        8.4        5.7         8.4
    Wilmington 3 ......................................................           354.5      343.6      360.1       345.9     19.1        29.9       20.3       30.9       5.4        8.7        5.6         8.9

Texas ...................................................................... 11,773.1     12,067.8   11,812.2    12,073.2    605.3       994.8      611.9      983.0       5.1        8.2        5.2         8.1
   Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ..................................               3,149.1    3,225.8    3,158.6     3,228.2    164.7       269.3      167.1      267.7       5.2        8.3        5.3         8.3
    Dallas-Plano-Irving ............................................            2,106.0    2,149.7    2,112.8     2,149.2    112.3       179.5      114.1      178.5       5.3        8.4        5.4         8.3
    Fort Worth-Arlington ..........................................             1,043.1    1,076.2    1,045.8     1,079.0     52.4        89.8       53.1       89.3       5.0        8.3        5.1         8.3

Washington .........................................................            3,494.4    3,557.3    3,514.6     3,550.5    176.3       306.8      191.2      311.0       5.0        8.6        5.4         8.8
   Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue .....................................                1,857.7    1,913.2    1,862.5     1,904.2     90.8       170.4       99.2      172.3       4.9        8.9        5.3         9.0
    Seattle-Bellevue-Everett ....................................               1,462.5    1,511.0    1,463.6     1,506.0     69.5       135.5       75.9      137.2       4.7        9.0        5.2         9.1
    Tacoma ..............................................................         395.2      402.2      398.8       398.3     21.3        34.9       23.3       35.1       5.4        8.7        5.8         8.8


   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions.                                                           Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in
    2Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.                                                      more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states
    3All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.                                                                 under which their metropolitan areas are listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas
   p = preliminary.                                                                                                         and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of                                          D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the
Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and are                                                  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.,
available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England                                               metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas                                               Illinois, respectively. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the
in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.                                        following month.
They are listed under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                    ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                   Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                          September                         October
                                                                                                                                                                        October 2009 p
                                State and area
                                                                                                2008                   2009       2008                 2009p        Number            Percent


 Alabama .................................................................................      1,992.6                1,899.1    1,998.5              1,902.9        -95.6              -4.8
   Anniston-Oxford ..................................................................              52.8                   51.0       52.9                 51.1         -1.8              -3.4
   Auburn-Opelika ...................................................................              55.3                   52.8       55.7                 53.1         -2.6              -4.7
   Birmingham-Hoover ............................................................                 526.0                  507.8      527.9                507.8        -20.1              -3.8
   Decatur ...............................................................................         58.3                   55.3       58.5                 55.3         -3.2              -5.5
   Dothan ................................................................................         61.8                   59.9       62.0                 60.1         -1.9              -3.1
   Florence-Muscle Shoals .....................................................                    57.1                   54.8       56.9                 54.8         -2.1              -3.7
   Gadsden .............................................................................           37.9                   37.4       38.0                 37.5          -.5              -1.3
   Huntsville ............................................................................        214.7                  209.7      214.7                210.0         -4.7              -2.2
   Mobile .................................................................................       184.8                  180.2      185.0                180.4         -4.6              -2.5
   Montgomery ........................................................................            178.8                  173.5      179.9                173.9         -6.0              -3.3
   Tuscaloosa .........................................................................            99.2                   95.7       99.1                 95.9         -3.2              -3.2

 Alaska ....................................................................................     337.1                  333.7      320.8                317.7          -3.1              -1.0
   Anchorage ..........................................................................          175.9                  174.2      173.4                171.6          -1.8              -1.0
   Fairbanks ............................................................................         39.6                   39.0       38.3                 37.8           -.5              -1.3

 Arizona ..................................................................................     2,604.1                2,409.2    2,600.0              2,422.4       -177.6              -6.8
   Flagstaff ..............................................................................        64.4                   61.0       64.8                 60.5         -4.3              -6.6
   Lake Havasu City-Kingman ................................................                       50.1                   46.4       49.8                 46.2         -3.6              -7.2
   Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale ...................................................                  1,857.3                1,707.1    1,856.0              1,720.9       -135.1              -7.3
   Prescott ..............................................................................         60.4                   56.8       60.5                 57.1         -3.4              -5.6
   Tucson ................................................................................        382.5                  361.6      381.6                362.2        -19.4              -5.1
   Yuma ..................................................................................         52.8                   49.1       52.9                 49.2         -3.7              -7.0

 Arkansas ...............................................................................       1,213.2                1,182.4    1,213.5              1,184.8        -28.7              -2.4
   Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers ..........................................                      209.2                  206.3      209.4                206.4         -3.0              -1.4
   Fort Smith ...........................................................................         126.4                  124.3      126.2                124.1         -2.1              -1.7
   Hot Springs .........................................................................           38.5                   39.1       38.4                 38.9           .5               1.3
   Jonesboro ...........................................................................           49.8                   49.4       50.1                 49.9          -.2               -.4
   Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway .................................                         349.7                  343.8      349.7                344.1         -5.6              -1.6
   Pine Bluff ............................................................................         38.3                   37.5       38.0                 37.7          -.3               -.8

 California ...............................................................................    14,944.8               14,194.6   14,954.4             14,266.2       -688.2              -4.6
   Bakersfield ..........................................................................         237.4                  229.3      239.0                232.2         -6.8              -2.8
   Chico ..................................................................................        75.6                   72.7       75.1                 72.5         -2.6              -3.5
   El Centro .............................................................................         46.4                   44.8       46.4                 45.3         -1.1              -2.4
   Fresno ................................................................................        303.3                  291.9      304.6                293.7        -10.9              -3.6
   Hanford-Corcoran ...............................................................                37.9                   36.0       37.4                 35.7         -1.7              -4.5
   Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana .................................                           5,518.5                5,282.1    5,529.9              5,326.9       -203.0              -3.7
   Madera-Chowchilla .............................................................                 34.8                   34.6       35.1                 34.5          -.6              -1.7
   Merced ................................................................................         58.3                   56.8       58.5                 56.8         -1.7              -2.9
   Modesto ..............................................................................         159.3                  154.7      154.6                149.9         -4.7              -3.0
   Napa ...................................................................................        65.1                   61.3       65.3                 61.2         -4.1              -6.3
   Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura .......................................                           286.6                  272.7      286.6                274.2        -12.4              -4.3
   Redding ..............................................................................          63.0                   59.2       62.5                 58.5         -4.0              -6.4
   Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario .....................................                       1,207.8                1,133.1    1,203.9              1,140.6        -63.3              -5.3
   Sacramento—Arden-Arcade—Roseville ............................                                 874.7                  831.7      876.0                829.2        -46.8              -5.3
   Salinas ................................................................................       129.0                  123.3      129.1                123.2         -5.9              -4.6
   San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos .......................................                        1,293.6                1,237.6    1,297.9              1,245.7        -52.2              -4.0
   San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .......................................                        2,016.3                1,926.2    2,017.4              1,929.3        -88.1              -4.4
   San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara ......................................                          916.5                  867.2      916.6                871.1        -45.5              -5.0
   San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles ............................................                       101.6                  100.0      103.8                101.2         -2.6              -2.5
   Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta ....................................                          171.1                  167.2      173.1                170.1         -3.0              -1.7
   Santa Cruz-Watsonville ......................................................                   91.4                   86.9       93.4                 89.7         -3.7              -4.0
   Santa Rosa-Petaluma ........................................................                   187.5                  177.4      187.2                178.3         -8.9              -4.8
   Stockton ..............................................................................        207.8                  199.9      207.1                200.4         -6.7              -3.2
   Vallejo-Fairfield ...................................................................          124.0                  119.1      124.0                118.9         -5.1              -4.1
   Visalia-Porterville ................................................................           112.7                  108.6      113.3                109.5         -3.8              -3.4
   Yuba City ............................................................................          40.7                   38.1       40.6                 38.1         -2.5              -6.2

 Colorado ................................................................................      2,361.2                2,250.9    2,346.9              2,246.4       -100.5              -4.3
   Boulder ..............................................................................         168.9                  160.7      169.9                161.1         -8.8              -5.2
   Colorado Springs ................................................................              259.7                  247.1      258.5                247.3        -11.2              -4.3
   Denver-Aurora-Broomfield ..................................................                  1,258.1                1,201.9    1,250.6              1,202.0        -48.6              -3.9
   Fort Collins-Loveland ..........................................................               141.1                  135.2      139.2                134.7         -4.5              -3.2
   Grand Junction ...................................................................              66.9                   62.3       66.9                 62.0         -4.9              -7.3
   Greeley ...............................................................................         83.8                   79.1       83.9                 79.0         -4.9              -5.8
   Pueblo ................................................................................         58.9                   57.0       58.9                 57.4         -1.5              -2.5

 Connecticut ...........................................................................        1,699.4                1,626.9    1,707.0              1,635.7        -71.3              -4.2
   Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk .............................................                      416.0                  401.2      418.4                404.4        -14.0              -3.3
   Danbury ..............................................................................          69.4                   67.2       69.3                 66.6         -2.7              -3.9
   Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford .................................                         560.2                  540.2      564.2                545.7        -18.5              -3.3
   New Haven .........................................................................            277.0                  272.1      278.4                273.3         -5.1              -1.8
   Norwich-New London .........................................................                   137.3                  132.8      136.2                131.7         -4.5              -3.3
   Waterbury ...........................................................................           66.6                   64.7       66.9                 64.8         -2.1              -3.1

 Delaware ................................................................................       433.1                  413.2      431.2                413.0         -18.2              -4.2
   Dover ..................................................................................       65.3                   62.4       65.6                 62.8          -2.8              -4.3

 District of Columbia .............................................................               703.6                  703.7      713.3                713.9           .6                 .1
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria .......................................                      3,005.9                2,969.7    3,019.6              2,995.7        -23.9                -.8


See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                  ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                        NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                 Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                           September                       October
                                                                                                                                                                      October 2009 p
                                 State and area
                                                                                                 2008                  2009      2008                2009p        Number            Percent


 Florida ....................................................................................    7,670.1               7,321.2   7,680.3             7,342.0       -338.3              -4.4
   Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice ...............................................                       266.3                 247.9     264.7               247.8        -16.9              -6.4
   Cape Coral-Fort Myers .......................................................                   208.7                 193.2     209.0               194.7        -14.3              -6.8
   Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach ............................                                 163.3                 158.6     163.7               158.6         -5.1              -3.1
   Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin .................................                             81.6                  79.2      81.6                78.8         -2.8              -3.4
   Gainesville ..........................................................................          136.0                 132.3     136.6               133.0         -3.6              -2.6
   Jacksonville ........................................................................           616.2                 591.9     615.2               591.9        -23.3              -3.8
   Lakeland-Winter Haven ......................................................                    206.0                 198.0     206.5               197.7         -8.8              -4.3
   Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ............................                              2,334.7               2,264.4   2,340.9             2,267.6        -73.3              -3.1
   Naples-Marco Island ...........................................................                 119.7                 111.3     121.5               112.6         -8.9              -7.3
   Ocala ..................................................................................        101.4                  97.0     101.8                97.1         -4.7              -4.6
   Orlando-Kissimmee ............................................................                1,066.0               1,015.7   1,065.3             1,017.5        -47.8              -4.5
   Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville ...........................................                       205.0                 197.0     203.7               196.6         -7.1              -3.5
   Palm Coast .........................................................................             18.1                  16.9      18.2                17.0         -1.2              -6.6
   Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach ..................                                      75.9                  72.9      74.9                72.0         -2.9              -3.9
   Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent ..............................................                       166.3                 161.4     165.8               160.8         -5.0              -3.0
   Port St. Lucie ......................................................................           125.8                 121.0     125.5               121.5         -4.0              -3.2
   Punta Gorda .......................................................................              41.5                  40.3      41.3                40.4          -.9              -2.2
   Sebastian-Vero Beach ........................................................                    46.3                  43.1      46.1                43.2         -2.9              -6.3
   Tallahassee ........................................................................            177.0                 172.7     177.1               173.1         -4.0              -2.3
   Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater ......................................                        1,216.9               1,158.0   1,215.7             1,157.2        -58.5              -4.8

 Georgia ..................................................................................      4,081.5               3,853.6   4,086.5             3,858.8       -227.7              -5.6
   Albany .................................................................................         63.9                  61.4      64.7                61.8         -2.9              -4.5
   Athens-Clarke County ........................................................                    85.7                  84.1      86.2                85.2         -1.0              -1.2
   Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta ..........................................                     2,412.8               2,272.8   2,411.7             2,273.4       -138.3              -5.7
   Augusta-Richmond County .................................................                       216.1                 209.3     215.3               209.7         -5.6              -2.6
   Brunswick ...........................................................................            45.1                  44.0      44.9                44.2          -.7              -1.6
   Columbus ...........................................................................            119.9                 117.5     119.8               117.7         -2.1              -1.8
   Dalton .................................................................................         72.8                  66.6      72.6                66.7         -5.9              -8.1
   Gainesville ..........................................................................           78.1                  74.1      77.6                73.8         -3.8              -4.9
   Hinesville-Fort Stewart .......................................................                  19.7                  19.2      19.5                19.2          -.3              -1.5
   Macon .................................................................................         101.6                  96.5     102.4                97.1         -5.3              -5.2
   Rome ..................................................................................          41.8                  39.4      40.6                39.6         -1.0              -2.5
   Savannah ...........................................................................            158.3                 153.4     158.9               153.9         -5.0              -3.1
   Valdosta ..............................................................................          56.2                  54.2      56.6                54.3         -2.3              -4.1
   Warner Robins ....................................................................               58.7                  57.1      59.1                57.3         -1.8              -3.0

 Hawaii ....................................................................................      611.2                 587.9     614.0               590.7         -23.3              -3.8
   Honolulu .............................................................................         448.3                 434.3     451.5               438.2         -13.3              -2.9

 Idaho ......................................................................................     657.4                 622.8     652.2               618.1         -34.1              -5.2
   Boise City-Nampa ...............................................................               271.9                 250.0     270.6               250.0         -20.6              -7.6
   Coeur d’Alene .....................................................................             58.4                  55.5      57.5                55.1          -2.4              -4.2
   Idaho Falls ..........................................................................          51.8                  49.0      51.2                48.9          -2.3              -4.5
   Lewiston .............................................................................          29.5                  27.7      30.0                28.2          -1.8              -6.0
   Pocatello .............................................................................         38.9                  36.6      38.9                36.6          -2.3              -5.9

 Illinois ....................................................................................   5,972.0               5,680.1   5,975.4             5,687.2       -288.2              -4.8
     Bloomington-Normal ...........................................................                 93.1                  91.9      93.0                92.1          -.9              -1.0
     Champaign-Urbana ............................................................                 116.3                 115.3     118.2               116.4         -1.8              -1.5
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet ....................................................              4,541.3               4,334.9   4,532.6             4,334.8       -197.8              -4.4
     Danville ...............................................................................       31.1                  30.2      31.1                30.3          -.8              -2.6
     Davenport-Moline-Rock Island ...........................................                      190.9                 187.9     190.5               186.9         -3.6              -1.9
     Decatur ...............................................................................        55.6                  53.1      55.7                53.2         -2.5              -4.5
     Kankakee-Bradley ..............................................................                44.4                  42.6      44.4                43.0         -1.4              -3.2
     Peoria .................................................................................      191.6                 185.2     191.5               185.2         -6.3              -3.3
     Rockford .............................................................................        159.3                 154.7     159.2               154.8         -4.4              -2.8
     Springfield ...........................................................................       112.3                 110.8     112.6               110.4         -2.2              -2.0

 Indiana ...................................................................................     2,978.0               2,834.3   2,991.1             2,838.3       -152.8              -5.1
   Anderson ............................................................................            42.0                  40.8      42.0                40.7         -1.3              -3.1
   Bloomington ........................................................................             85.8                  84.2      86.5                83.9         -2.6              -3.0
   Columbus ...........................................................................             46.1                  45.4      46.5                45.4         -1.1              -2.4
   Elkhart-Goshen ...................................................................              116.3                 107.5     115.2               107.6         -7.6              -6.6
   Evansville ...........................................................................          178.2                 171.7     177.7               172.0         -5.7              -3.2
   Fort Wayne .........................................................................            217.0                 208.6     215.7               207.2         -8.5              -3.9
   Indianapolis-Carmel ............................................................                921.3                 883.1     924.6               880.8        -43.8              -4.7
   Kokomo ..............................................................................            44.8                  40.9      44.5                40.8         -3.7              -8.3
   Lafayette .............................................................................          97.5                  95.8      98.5                96.7         -1.8              -1.8
   Michigan City-La Porte .......................................................                   46.9                  45.3      45.9                45.0          -.9              -2.0
   Muncie ................................................................................          53.0                  51.7      53.5                52.1         -1.4              -2.6
   South Bend-Mishawaka ......................................................                     143.2                 138.2     144.5               138.3         -6.2              -4.3
   Terre Haute ........................................................................             74.4                  70.7      74.7                71.2         -3.5              -4.7

 Iowa ........................................................................................   1,530.9               1,486.1   1,539.6             1,496.4        -43.2              -2.8
   Ames ..................................................................................          48.9                  48.4      49.9                48.8         -1.1              -2.2
   Cedar Rapids ......................................................................             140.1                 138.1     140.9               138.6         -2.3              -1.6
   Des Moines-West Des Moines ...........................................                          325.0                 319.1     326.2               320.6         -5.6              -1.7
   Dubuque .............................................................................            55.8                  54.7      56.3                54.6         -1.7              -3.0
   Iowa City .............................................................................          92.4                  92.3      92.1                92.6           .5                .5
   Sioux City ...........................................................................           76.9                  75.5      77.0                74.8         -2.2              -2.9
   Waterloo-Cedar Falls ..........................................................                  91.4                  89.0      92.0                89.4         -2.6              -2.8


See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                  ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                        NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                 Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                           September                       October
                                                                                                                                                                      October 2009 p
                                 State and area
                                                                                                 2008                  2009      2008                2009p        Number            Percent


 Kansas ...................................................................................      1,395.3               1,334.9   1,404.3             1,346.6        -57.7               -4.1
   Lawrence ............................................................................            51.6                  48.1      52.6                49.3         -3.3               -6.3
   Topeka ................................................................................         112.8                 109.8     112.5               110.0         -2.5               -2.2
   Wichita ................................................................................        309.8                 295.8     311.5               298.1        -13.4               -4.3

 Kentucky ...............................................................................        1,850.2               1,766.3   1,855.6             1,773.6        -82.0               -4.4
   Bowling Green ....................................................................               61.7                  58.2      61.5                58.0         -3.5               -5.7
   Elizabethtown .....................................................................              47.8                  46.8      47.7                46.5         -1.2               -2.5
   Lexington-Fayette ...............................................................               255.9                 246.9     256.8               248.6         -8.2               -3.2
   Louisville-Jefferson County ................................................                    621.4                 597.8     619.9               601.4        -18.5               -3.0
   Owensboro .........................................................................              51.3                  50.0      51.4                50.0         -1.4               -2.7

 Louisiana ...............................................................................       1,927.6               1,906.1   1,954.8             1,910.8        -44.0              -2.3
   Alexandria ...........................................................................           66.6                  66.4      67.6                66.8          -.8              -1.2
   Baton Rouge .......................................................................             372.0                 370.2     378.0               370.2         -7.8              -2.1
   Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux .........................................                             95.4                  96.3      98.0                96.1         -1.9              -1.9
   Lafayette .............................................................................         150.8                 149.6     151.9               150.1         -1.8              -1.2
   Lake Charles ......................................................................              92.5                  92.4      93.2                92.7          -.5               -.5
   Monroe ...............................................................................           77.7                  76.9      78.6                77.7          -.9              -1.1
   New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner ............................................                        520.6                 518.6     529.5               520.8         -8.7              -1.6
   Shreveport-Bossier City ......................................................                  181.3                 177.5     181.5               176.4         -5.1              -2.8

 Maine .....................................................................................      624.6                 603.5     620.6               600.5         -20.1              -3.2
  Bangor ................................................................................          65.9                  64.8      66.8                65.9           -.9              -1.3
  Lewiston-Auburn .................................................................                49.0                  47.1      49.0                47.5          -1.5              -3.1
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford .....................................                         195.9                 190.8     195.1               189.7          -5.4              -2.8

 Maryland ................................................................................       2,597.7               2,543.3   2,602.4             2,550.9        -51.5              -2.0
   Baltimore-Towson ..............................................................               1,313.5               1,279.7   1,318.3             1,289.2        -29.1              -2.2
  Cumberland ........................................................................               40.0                  40.1      40.5                40.4          -.1               -.2
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg ....................................................                      101.0                  99.5     101.5                99.4         -2.1              -2.1
  Salisbury .............................................................................           55.2                  54.4      56.0                55.2          -.8              -1.4

 Massachusetts ......................................................................            3,304.3               3,198.3   3,308.9             3,206.9       -102.0              -3.1
   Barnstable Town .................................................................               105.1                  99.3     100.0                94.7         -5.3              -5.3
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ................................................                       2,502.2               2,436.9   2,511.6             2,448.1        -63.5              -2.5
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner ...........................................                          50.2                  48.2      50.2                48.3         -1.9              -3.8
  New Bedford .......................................................................               66.1                  63.9      66.6                64.2         -2.4              -3.6
  Pittsfield ..............................................................................         36.4                  35.2      36.2                34.9         -1.3              -3.6
  Springfield ...........................................................................          299.0                 288.2     299.3               289.3        -10.0              -3.3
  Worcester ...........................................................................            247.7                 244.0     248.1               244.3         -3.8              -1.5

 Michigan ................................................................................       4,174.6               3,866.0   4,177.7             3,913.4       -264.3              -6.3
   Ann Arbor ...........................................................................           196.0                 188.1     197.3               192.1         -5.2              -2.6
   Battle Creek ........................................................................            58.3                  55.7      58.2                55.8         -2.4              -4.1
   Bay City ..............................................................................          38.5                  36.1      38.3                36.0         -2.3              -6.0
   Detroit-Warren-Livonia .......................................................                1,893.5               1,743.3   1,890.4             1,754.5       -135.9              -7.2
   Flint .....................................................................................     142.4                 131.5     142.5               131.6        -10.9              -7.6
   Grand Rapids-Wyoming .....................................................                      384.2                 366.2     383.3               368.7        -14.6              -3.8
   Holland-Grand Haven .........................................................                   111.9                 102.9     111.3               102.6         -8.7              -7.8
   Jackson ..............................................................................           57.5                  53.9      57.3                54.0         -3.3              -5.8
   Kalamazoo-Portage ............................................................                  144.7                 136.2     145.0               139.0         -6.0              -4.1
   Lansing-East Lansing .........................................................                  227.4                 217.4     228.5               219.9         -8.6              -3.8
   Monroe ...............................................................................           42.0                  38.6      41.8                38.4         -3.4              -8.1
   Muskegon-Norton Shores ...................................................                       64.5                  61.0      63.6                60.5         -3.1              -4.9
   Niles-Benton Harbor ...........................................................                  65.6                  61.0      64.9                61.1         -3.8              -5.9
   Saginaw-Saginaw Township North .....................................                             87.2                  82.2      87.0                82.4         -4.6              -5.3

 Minnesota ..............................................................................        2,772.9               2,651.1   2,779.4             2,669.0       -110.4              -4.0
   Duluth .................................................................................        134.7                 128.9     135.2               129.7         -5.5              -4.1
   Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington .....................................                        1,789.4               1,718.3   1,791.2             1,727.5        -63.7              -3.6
   Rochester ...........................................................................           106.9                 105.8     107.0               105.8         -1.2              -1.1
   St. Cloud .............................................................................         102.6                  98.5     103.3                99.9         -3.4              -3.3

 Mississippi ............................................................................        1,145.9               1,106.8   1,141.4             1,107.6        -33.8              -3.0
   Gulfport-Biloxi .....................................................................           110.2                 107.0     109.6               108.1         -1.5              -1.4
   Hattiesburg .........................................................................            60.4                  58.3      60.9                58.9         -2.0              -3.3
   Jackson ..............................................................................          259.0                 256.7     259.8               257.3         -2.5              -1.0
   Pascagoula .........................................................................             58.7                  57.3      59.0                57.3         -1.7              -2.9

 Missouri ................................................................................       2,804.2               2,725.8   2,812.0             2,734.6        -77.4              -2.8
   Columbia ............................................................................            93.4                  93.0      95.0                93.8         -1.2              -1.3
   Jefferson City ......................................................................            80.4                  77.8      80.5                78.1         -2.4              -3.0
   Joplin ..................................................................................        81.4                  79.9      81.5                81.0           -.5              -.6
   Kansas City .......................................................................           1,022.0                 996.4   1,022.3               997.4        -24.9              -2.4
   St. Joseph ...........................................................................           59.4                  59.1      59.5                60.3            .8              1.3
   St. Louis 1 ...........................................................................       1,364.0               1,317.1   1,363.8             1,319.8        -44.0              -3.2
   Springfield ..........................................................................          200.0                 197.6     199.5               197.8          -1.7               -.9


See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                 ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                       NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                          September                       October
                                                                                                                                                                     October 2009 p
                                 State and area
                                                                                                2008                  2009      2008                2009p        Number            Percent


 Montana .................................................................................       451.4                 444.1     449.8               444.1          -5.7               -1.3
  Billings ................................................................................       80.6                  78.8      81.8                79.1          -2.7               -3.3
  Great Falls ..........................................................................          36.1                  34.2      35.7                33.8          -1.9               -5.3
  Missoula .............................................................................          56.1                  54.9      55.7                53.9          -1.8               -3.2

 Nebraska ...............................................................................        968.0                 945.9     970.3               947.0         -23.3               -2.4
   Lincoln ................................................................................      173.6                 170.6     174.4               170.3          -4.1               -2.4
   Omaha-Council Bluffs .........................................................                469.8                 460.4     471.8               461.9          -9.9               -2.1

 Nevada ...................................................................................     1,261.9               1,182.8   1,257.5             1,182.4        -75.1               -6.0
   Carson City .........................................................................           32.0                  30.1      31.6                30.0         -1.6               -5.1
   Las Vegas-Paradise ...........................................................                 910.6                 853.7     908.9               848.3        -60.6               -6.7
   Reno-Sparks .......................................................................            214.3                 196.9     212.9               197.5        -15.4               -7.2

 New Hampshire .....................................................................             650.7                 632.9     649.6               633.0         -16.6              -2.6
   Manchester .........................................................................          101.4                  99.9     101.7               100.3          -1.4              -1.4
   Portsmouth .........................................................................           55.6                  55.0      55.3                54.8           -.5               -.9
   Rochester-Dover ................................................................               58.1                  56.9      58.8                57.5          -1.3              -2.2

 New Jersey ............................................................................        4,042.9               3,922.2   4,059.4             3,939.9       -119.5              -2.9
   Atlantic City-Hammonton ....................................................                   149.8                 144.3     147.5               141.4         -6.1              -4.1
   Ocean City ..........................................................................           48.4                  47.5      39.9                42.6          2.7               6.8
   Trenton-Ewing ....................................................................             238.8                 233.6     240.6               234.2         -6.4              -2.7
   Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton ................................................                   61.7                  61.9      62.5                62.2          -.3               -.5

 New Mexico ...........................................................................          854.4                 824.0     850.2               822.4         -27.8              -3.3
   Albuquerque .......................................................................           397.8                 382.8     396.7               381.9         -14.8              -3.7
   Farmington .........................................................................           53.9                  51.1      53.7                50.9          -2.8              -5.2
   Las Cruces .........................................................................           69.9                  68.2      70.2                68.4          -1.8              -2.6
   Santa Fe .............................................................................         65.3                  62.2      65.1                62.1          -3.0              -4.6

 New York ...............................................................................       8,807.6               8,573.0   8,873.7             8,631.8       -241.9              -2.7
   Albany-Schenectady-Troy ..................................................                     451.4                 437.6     454.3               442.2        -12.1              -2.7
   Binghamton ........................................................................            115.2                 112.2     115.9               112.9         -3.0              -2.6
   Buffalo-Niagara Falls ..........................................................               557.0                 540.3     560.1               543.2        -16.9              -3.0
   Elmira .................................................................................        41.6                  40.0      41.7                40.1         -1.6              -3.8
   Glens Falls ..........................................................................          55.9                  53.6      55.4                53.3         -2.1              -3.8
   Ithaca ..................................................................................       65.3                  64.6      66.4                65.7          -.7              -1.1
   Kingston ..............................................................................         63.0                  62.3      63.7                62.9          -.8              -1.3
   New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island .....................                               8,592.4               8,385.5   8,651.2             8,433.0       -218.2              -2.5
   Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown ................................                              254.9                 249.3     258.4               252.8         -5.6              -2.2
   Rochester ...........................................................................          519.3                 509.3     524.9               515.4         -9.5              -1.8
   Syracuse .............................................................................         326.8                 320.3     329.9               323.3         -6.6              -2.0
   Utica-Rome .........................................................................           132.1                 130.6     133.9               132.0         -1.9              -1.4

 North Carolina .......................................................................         4,154.4               3,942.6   4,147.7             3,961.4       -186.3              -4.5
   Asheville .............................................................................        176.4                 168.9     176.6               168.4         -8.2              -4.6
   Burlington ...........................................................................          60.8                  58.0      60.4                57.9         -2.5              -4.1
   Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord ...............................................                     863.3                 815.5     863.3               814.5        -48.8              -5.7
   Durham-Chapel Hill ............................................................                295.4                 284.3     294.7               284.3        -10.4              -3.5
   Fayetteville .........................................................................         131.2                 127.5     131.0               128.2         -2.8              -2.1
   Goldsboro ...........................................................................           45.3                  43.3      44.8                43.5         -1.3              -2.9
   Greensboro-High Point .......................................................                  368.0                 345.8     367.9               347.0        -20.9              -5.7
   Greenville ...........................................................................          77.9                  75.2      78.0                75.5         -2.5              -3.2
   Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton ..................................................                    157.7                 146.3     157.4               146.9        -10.5              -6.7
   Jacksonville ........................................................................           47.5                  45.0      48.5                45.5         -3.0              -6.2
   Raleigh-Cary .......................................................................           521.7                 505.4     522.0               509.3        -12.7              -2.4
   Rocky Mount .......................................................................             64.2                  61.4      64.1                61.7         -2.4              -3.7
   Wilmington ..........................................................................          146.9                 141.8     145.7               141.5         -4.2              -2.9
   Winston-Salem ...................................................................              218.0                 211.7     217.5               212.7         -4.8              -2.2

 North Dakota .........................................................................          373.2                 373.2     375.1               373.6          -1.5               -.4
   Bismarck .............................................................................         61.3                  61.3      61.8                61.5           -.3               -.5
   Fargo ..................................................................................      123.4                 122.5     124.5               122.9          -1.6              -1.3
   Grand Forks ........................................................................           54.5                  53.9      55.2                54.7           -.5               -.9

 Ohio .......................................................................................   5,377.9               5,128.7   5,387.0             5,143.6       -243.4              -4.5
   Akron ..................................................................................       341.6                 326.9     341.1               326.8        -14.3              -4.2
   Canton-Massillon ................................................................              172.3                 165.3     172.5               165.2         -7.3              -4.2
   Cincinnati-Middletown ........................................................               1,040.3                 999.9   1,039.9               998.7        -41.2              -4.0
   Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor .....................................................                1,061.8               1,002.6   1,062.3             1,006.8        -55.5              -5.2
   Columbus ...........................................................................           940.4                 921.4     945.8               928.6        -17.2              -1.8
   Dayton ................................................................................        395.6                 381.2     396.0               381.5        -14.5              -3.7
   Lima ....................................................................................       54.9                  52.1      54.7                52.4         -2.3              -4.2
   Mansfield ............................................................................          57.5                  54.2      57.5                55.1         -2.4              -4.2
   Sandusky ............................................................................           39.3                  40.6      38.6                39.0           .4               1.0
   Springfield ...........................................................................         52.5                  51.1      52.6                51.2         -1.4              -2.7
   Toledo .................................................................................       321.1                 304.3     320.4               305.4        -15.0              -4.7
   Weirton-Steubenville ..........................................................                 49.9                  46.9      49.5                47.0         -2.5              -5.1
   Youngstown-Warren-Boardman .........................................                           236.5                 221.4     236.4               221.2        -15.2              -6.4

 Oklahoma ..............................................................................        1,602.1               1,555.4   1,611.9             1,568.6        -43.3              -2.7
   Lawton ................................................................................         43.3                  42.7      43.5                42.7          -.8              -1.8
   Oklahoma City ....................................................................             579.3                 565.3     582.0               566.4        -15.6              -2.7
   Tulsa ...................................................................................      435.4                 425.7     438.5               429.3         -9.2              -2.1


See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                     ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                           NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                    Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                           September                         October
                                                                                                                                                                         October 2009 p
                                 State and area
                                                                                                 2008                   2009       2008                 2009p        Number            Percent


 Oregon ...................................................................................      1,724.8                1,624.6    1,723.4              1,633.1        -90.3               -5.2
   Bend ...................................................................................         68.5                   66.3       67.6                 65.8         -1.8               -2.7
   Corvallis ..............................................................................         37.5                   35.6       39.1                 37.1         -2.0               -5.1
   Eugene-Springfield .............................................................                152.2                  145.6      153.9                148.7         -5.2               -3.4
   Medford ..............................................................................           82.6                   78.3       83.5                 78.9         -4.6               -5.5
   Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton ..........................................                       1,036.6                  975.3    1,035.8                982.2        -53.6               -5.2
   Salem .................................................................................         155.4                  146.4      153.9                146.2         -7.7               -5.0

 Pennsylvania .........................................................................          5,818.9                5,626.0    5,851.8              5,666.6       -185.2              -3.2
   Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton .............................................                        344.9                  333.0      347.1                334.2        -12.9              -3.7
   Altoona ...............................................................................          61.9                   60.0       62.1                 60.1         -2.0              -3.2
   Erie .....................................................................................      134.0                  128.4      134.2                128.8         -5.4              -4.0
   Harrisburg-Carlisle ..............................................................              332.3                  319.8      332.0                321.5        -10.5              -3.2
   Johnstown ..........................................................................             61.6                   59.4       62.3                 60.1         -2.2              -3.5
   Lancaster ............................................................................          238.4                  229.3      238.8                229.5         -9.3              -3.9
   Lebanon ..............................................................................           50.5                   49.0       50.3                 49.0         -1.3              -2.6
   Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington ......................................                         2,803.5                2,710.6    2,827.5              2,732.9        -94.6              -3.3
   Pittsburgh ...........................................................................        1,156.8                1,122.3    1,160.2              1,127.1        -33.1              -2.9
   Reading ..............................................................................          173.9                  167.7      174.0                168.2         -5.8              -3.3
   Scranton—Wilkes-Barre .....................................................                     263.0                  253.6      264.0                255.6         -8.4              -3.2
   State College ......................................................................             76.9                   76.6       76.9                 76.8          -.1               -.1
   Williamsport ........................................................................            54.2                   52.0       54.3                 52.2         -2.1              -3.9
   York-Hanover .....................................................................              184.7                  177.5      185.0                177.3         -7.7              -4.2

 Rhode Island .........................................................................           485.5                  462.7      484.3                463.2         -21.1              -4.4
   Providence-Fall River-Warwick ..........................................                       572.5                  545.6      571.9                546.4         -25.5              -4.5

 South Carolina ......................................................................           1,919.7                1,852.5    1,914.1              1,853.6        -60.5              -3.2
   Anderson ............................................................................            62.9                   60.8       62.8                 61.4         -1.4              -2.2
   Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville .........................                               300.4                  291.6      300.8                292.9         -7.9              -2.6
   Columbia ............................................................................           364.5                  361.1      366.0                363.0         -3.0               -.8
   Florence ..............................................................................          88.4                   87.6       87.9                 87.2          -.7               -.8
   Greenville-Mauldin-Easley ..................................................                    321.1                  310.5      320.1                309.5        -10.6              -3.3
   Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway ........................                                 123.2                  119.6      120.7                116.1         -4.6              -3.8
   Spartanburg ........................................................................            129.8                  124.8      129.0                124.7         -4.3              -3.3
   Sumter ................................................................................          36.0                   34.9       36.0                 34.7         -1.3              -3.6

 South Dakota ........................................................................            415.4                  408.1      414.4                406.5          -7.9              -1.9
   Rapid City ...........................................................................          63.1                   61.7       62.4                 60.8          -1.6              -2.6
   Sioux Falls ..........................................................................         137.3                  134.5      137.2                134.7          -2.5              -1.8

 Tennessee .............................................................................         2,780.5                2,663.6    2,772.9              2,661.7       -111.2              -4.0
   Chattanooga .......................................................................             246.0                  238.1      245.8                238.6         -7.2              -2.9
   Clarksville ...........................................................................          83.8                   80.9       83.4                 81.0         -2.4              -2.9
   Cleveland ............................................................................           41.0                   39.2       40.7                 39.6         -1.1              -2.7
   Jackson ..............................................................................           61.6                   59.1       61.5                 59.2         -2.3              -3.7
   Johnson City .......................................................................             81.9                   79.2       82.2                 80.5         -1.7              -2.1
   Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol ......................................................                123.7                  119.1      123.2                118.4         -4.8              -3.9
   Knoxville .............................................................................         335.7                  323.2      334.2                322.5        -11.7              -3.5
   Memphis .............................................................................           635.3                  619.7      631.4                618.8        -12.6              -2.0
   Morristown ..........................................................................            49.5                   47.6       49.5                 47.8         -1.7              -3.4
   Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin ...................                                    760.4                  728.3      756.6                727.5        -29.1              -3.8

 Texas .....................................................................................    10,612.3               10,328.1   10,698.9             10,391.4       -307.5              -2.9
   Abilene ................................................................................         68.1                   66.5       68.4                 66.7         -1.7              -2.5
   Amarillo ...............................................................................        113.1                  110.7      114.1                111.6         -2.5              -2.2
   Austin-Round Rock .............................................................                 780.7                  774.7      783.9                780.7         -3.2               -.4
   Beaumont-Port Arthur .........................................................                  163.2                  157.2      163.6                157.3         -6.3              -3.9
   Brownsville-Harlingen .........................................................                 124.3                  123.3      125.6                123.2         -2.4              -1.9
   College Station-Bryan .........................................................                  96.7                   92.9       98.1                 94.5         -3.6              -3.7
   Corpus Christi .....................................................................            183.2                  176.0      183.5                177.9         -5.6              -3.1
   Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ................................................                  2,988.5                2,921.7    2,990.6              2,931.5        -59.1              -2.0
   El Paso ...............................................................................         277.8                  274.9      279.1                275.8         -3.3              -1.2
   Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown ...........................................                        2,593.3                2,520.0    2,607.3              2,529.1        -78.2              -3.0
   Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood ..................................................                     127.5                  125.4      128.7                126.7         -2.0              -1.6
   Laredo ................................................................................          90.2                   89.8       90.8                 90.4          -.4               -.4
   Longview ............................................................................            98.0                   95.5       98.8                 96.0         -2.8              -2.8
   Lubbock ..............................................................................          131.6                  129.0      132.8                129.8         -3.0              -2.3
   McAllen-Edinburg-Mission ..................................................                     215.4                  218.2      217.4                221.8          4.4               2.0
   Midland ...............................................................................          71.2                   69.6       71.7                 69.6         -2.1              -2.9
   Odessa ...............................................................................           64.7                   63.0       65.1                 63.3         -1.8              -2.8
   San Angelo .........................................................................             45.3                   43.9       45.2                 44.3          -.9              -2.0
   San Antonio ........................................................................            855.0                  847.0      853.8                848.1         -5.7               -.7
   Sherman-Denison ...............................................................                  44.1                   43.0       44.0                 43.0         -1.0              -2.3
   Texarkana ...........................................................................            58.4                   56.8       58.3                 57.1         -1.2              -2.1
   Tyler ....................................................................................       96.2                   94.5       96.9                 94.7         -2.2              -2.3
   Victoria ................................................................................        51.8                   49.8       52.3                 49.9         -2.4              -4.6
   Waco ..................................................................................         107.4                  105.5      107.8                106.0         -1.8              -1.7
   Wichita Falls .......................................................................            61.4                   59.4       61.6                 59.9         -1.7              -2.8


See footnotes at end of table.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                                     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area—Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                                Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                           September                               October
                                                                                                                                                                                     October 2009 p
                                 State and area
                                                                                                 2008                  2009               2008                2009p              Number              Percent


 Utah ........................................................................................   1,261.9               1,211.0           1,262.0              1,214.2               -47.8                 -3.8
   Logan ..................................................................................         54.2                  52.1              54.5                 52.4                -2.1                 -3.9
   Ogden-Clearfield ................................................................               201.7                 192.7             201.7                192.6                -9.1                 -4.5
   Provo-Orem ........................................................................             191.3                 182.8             191.5                183.2                -8.3                 -4.3
   St. George ..........................................................................            51.4                  48.8              51.4                 48.7                -2.7                 -5.3
   Salt Lake City .....................................................................            642.3                 613.7             642.3                613.6               -28.7                 -4.5

 Vermont .................................................................................        309.2                 297.0              309.7                298.9               -10.8                 -3.5
   Burlington-South Burlington ................................................                   115.1                 110.5              115.1                110.4                -4.7                 -4.1

 Virginia ..................................................................................     3,766.6               3,659.2           3,757.9              3,668.5               -89.4                 -2.4
   Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford ...................................                            73.7                  72.9              74.5                 73.1                -1.4                 -1.9
   Charlottesville .....................................................................           101.8                  99.6             102.8                100.0                -2.8                 -2.7
   Danville ...............................................................................         40.9                  39.9              40.8                 40.2                 -.6                 -1.5
   Harrisonburg .......................................................................             63.0                  62.9              63.6                 63.3                 -.3                  -.5
   Lynchburg ...........................................................................           110.2                 110.4             110.4                110.6                  .2                   .2
   Richmond ...........................................................................            628.8                 607.9             623.9                608.9               -15.0                 -2.4
   Roanoke .............................................................................           162.7                 158.8             162.4                159.6                -2.8                 -1.7
   Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News ...............................                             771.2                 765.5             768.8                764.5                -4.3                  -.6
   Winchester ..........................................................................            56.1                  53.8              56.0                 53.9                -2.1                 -3.8

 Washington ...........................................................................          2,978.4               2,858.4           2,951.9              2,865.5               -86.4                 -2.9
  Bellingham ..........................................................................             84.5                  79.6              86.2                 81.3                -4.9                 -5.7
  Bremerton-Silverdale ..........................................................                   86.0                  81.5              86.1                 81.4                -4.7                 -5.5
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland ................................................                         95.6                  98.9              95.9                 99.3                 3.4                  3.5
  Longview ............................................................................             37.6                  35.0              37.6                 35.5                -2.1                 -5.6
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes ....................................................                       47.6                  45.5              47.2                 45.5                -1.7                 -3.6
  Olympia ..............................................................................           103.4                 100.6             104.6                101.8                -2.8                 -2.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue ...................................................                    1,768.5               1,693.2           1,739.5              1,690.5               -49.0                 -2.8
  Spokane .............................................................................            219.7                 210.9             219.6                215.2                -4.4                 -2.0
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee ..............................................                           41.5                  38.6              41.1                 38.7                -2.4                 -5.8
  Yakima ................................................................................           79.3                  77.5              79.9                 78.3                -1.6                 -2.0

 West Virginia .........................................................................          768.2                 742.9              769.7                747.4               -22.3                 -2.9
  Charleston ..........................................................................           153.0                 149.3              153.2                149.8                -3.4                 -2.2
  Huntington-Ashland ............................................................                 120.0                 116.5              120.8                116.8                -4.0                 -3.3
  Morgantown ........................................................................              64.3                  63.5               65.1                 65.0                 -.1                  -.2
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna .............................................                        73.0                  72.2               73.2                 72.5                 -.7                 -1.0
  Wheeling .............................................................................           68.3                  68.0               68.8                 68.2                 -.6                  -.9

 Wisconsin ..............................................................................        2,878.0               2,755.3           2,892.1              2,762.5              -129.6                 -4.5
   Appleton .............................................................................          117.6                 114.7             118.1                114.8                -3.3                 -2.8
   Eau Claire ...........................................................................           82.5                  80.6              83.5                 80.9                -2.6                 -3.1
   Fond du Lac ........................................................................             48.7                  46.2              48.5                 46.1                -2.4                 -4.9
   Green Bay ..........................................................................            169.0                 165.3             169.8                165.9                -3.9                 -2.3
   Janesville ............................................................................          67.4                  65.0              67.6                 64.8                -2.8                 -4.1
   La Crosse ...........................................................................            75.5                  73.0              75.9                 73.4                -2.5                 -3.3
   Madison ..............................................................................          347.8                 342.6             348.0                342.0                -6.0                 -1.7
   Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis .......................................                           854.2                 802.1             856.4                805.7               -50.7                 -5.9
   Oshkosh-Neenah ................................................................                  94.8                  93.1              94.7                 93.3                -1.4                 -1.5
   Racine ................................................................................          80.7                  76.6              80.6                 76.7                -3.9                 -4.8
   Sheboygan .........................................................................              64.2                  61.7              63.5                 61.1                -2.4                 -3.8
   Wausau ..............................................................................            71.9                  69.3              72.0                 69.5                -2.5                 -3.5

 Wyoming ...............................................................................          306.1                 293.1              303.8               287.2                -16.6                 -5.5
  Casper ................................................................................          41.6                  39.4               41.8                39.7                 -2.1                 -5.0
  Cheyenne ...........................................................................             45.4                  44.5               45.6                44.3                 -1.3                 -2.9

 Puerto Rico ...........................................................................         1,002.9                946.8            1,000.1               948.1                -52.0                 -5.2
   Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian .......................................                          51.5                 47.0               51.2                47.5                 -3.7                 -7.2
   Fajardo ...............................................................................          16.5                 16.3               17.1                16.2                  -.9                 -5.3
   Guayama ............................................................................             19.1                 17.7               18.8                17.8                 -1.0                 -5.3
   Mayaguez ...........................................................................             40.4                 37.6               40.3                37.1                 -3.2                 -7.9
   Ponce .................................................................................          65.5                 60.8               64.1                61.1                 -3.0                 -4.7
   San German-Cabo Rojo .....................................................                       22.0                 21.3               22.0                21.9                  -.1                  -.5
   San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo .............................................                          743.8                708.3              742.7               708.4                -34.3                 -4.6
   Yauco .................................................................................          15.9                 15.5               15.8                15.5                  -.3                 -1.9

 Virgin Islands ........................................................................           45.3                  44.2               45.3                 44.3                -1.0                 -2.2


   1Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.                                                               in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
   p= preliminary.                                                                                                         (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in
  NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current                                      two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.
benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.                                      Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio, are the
Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01,                                          exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational
dated November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas                                        reasons.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                                                                                      NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
(Numbers in thousands)

                                                                                                                                                                                 Change from October 2008 to
                                                                                                            September                                October
                                                                                                                                                                                      October 2009 p
                        State, area, and division
                                                                                                  2008                   2009               2008                2009p             Number              Percent



 California ...............................................................................      14,944.8               14,194.6          14,954.4             14,266.2             -688.2                -4.6
   Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana .................................                             5,518.5                5,282.1           5,529.9              5,326.9             -203.0                -3.7
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale ..................................                            4,045.4                3,873.5           4,061.1              3,910.1             -151.0                -3.7
    Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine ...............................................                      1,473.1                1,408.6           1,468.8              1,416.8              -52.0                -3.5
   San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont .......................................                          2,016.3                1,926.2           2,017.4              1,929.3              -88.1                -4.4
    Oakland-Fremont-Hayward ..............................................                        1,023.3                  982.2           1,023.4                984.5              -38.9                -3.8
    San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City ........................                                   993.0                  944.0             994.0                944.8              -49.2                -4.9

 District of Columbia .............................................................                 703.6                  703.7             713.3                713.9                 .6                  .1
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 1 ....................................                         3,005.9                2,969.7           3,019.6              2,995.7              -23.9                 -.8
    Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville 2 ........................................                         575.0                  578.1             576.5                578.3                1.8                  .3
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria 1 ..................................                          2,430.9                2,391.6           2,443.1              2,417.4              -25.7                -1.1

 Florida ....................................................................................     7,670.1                7,321.2           7,680.3              7,342.0             -338.3                -4.4
   Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach ............................                               2,334.7                2,264.4           2,340.9              2,267.6              -73.3                -3.1
    Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach ..........                                        761.2                  737.0             764.1                737.3              -26.8                -3.5
    Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall .............................................                       1,038.3                1,010.2           1,040.1              1,011.4              -28.7                -2.8
    West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach ...............                                        535.2                  517.2             536.7                518.9              -17.8                -3.3

 Illinois ....................................................................................    5,972.0                5,680.1           5,975.4              5,687.2             -288.2                -4.8
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet 1 .................................................                4,541.3                4,334.9           4,532.6              4,334.8             -197.8                -4.4
      Chicago-Naperville-Joliet ..................................................                3,853.7                3,667.1           3,845.7              3,667.1             -178.6                -4.6
      Gary 2 ...............................................................................        283.8                  277.6             284.8                277.9               -6.9                -2.4
      Lake County-Kenosha County 1 .......................................                          403.8                  390.2             402.1                389.8              -12.3                -3.1

 Massachusetts ......................................................................             3,304.3                3,198.3           3,308.9              3,206.9             -102.0                -3.1
   Boston-Cambridge-Quincy 1 ..............................................                       2,502.2                2,436.9           2,511.6              2,448.1              -63.5                -2.5
    Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ...............................................                       1,721.6                1,672.9           1,730.1              1,684.3              -45.8                -2.6
    Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton ...........................................                          89.0                   85.5              89.3                 85.6               -3.7                -4.1
    Framingham .....................................................................                159.8                  156.9             159.8                157.0               -2.8                -1.8
    Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury 1 ...............................                               78.1                   75.1              77.9                 74.5               -3.4                -4.4
    Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford 1 ...........................................                       118.6                  114.6             119.2                115.2               -4.0                -3.4
    Nashua 1 ..........................................................................             132.1                  129.9             132.4                130.2               -2.2                -1.7
    Peabody ...........................................................................             101.4                   97.7             101.2                 97.6               -3.6                -3.6

 Michigan ................................................................................        4,174.6                3,866.0           4,177.7              3,913.4             -264.3                -6.3
   Detroit-Warren-Livonia .......................................................                 1,893.5                1,743.3           1,890.4              1,754.5             -135.9                -7.2
    Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn ..................................................                     755.0                  714.0             754.5                718.2              -36.3                -4.8
    Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills ..........................................                       1,138.5                1,029.3           1,135.9              1,036.3              -99.6                -8.8

 New York ...............................................................................         8,807.6                8,573.0           8,873.7              8,631.8             -241.9                -2.7
   New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island 1 ..................                                  8,592.4                8,385.5           8,651.2              8,433.0             -218.2                -2.5
    Edison-New Brunswick2 ...................................................                     1,029.2                1,012.4           1,034.6              1,010.0              -24.6                -2.4
    Nassau-Suffolk .................................................................              1,264.0                1,228.1           1,276.5              1,237.2              -39.3                -3.1
    New York-White Plains-Wayne 1 ......................................                          5,272.7                5,130.0           5,306.3              5,165.7             -140.6                -2.6
    Newark-Union 2 ................................................................               1,026.5                1,015.0           1,033.8              1,020.1              -13.7                -1.3

 Pennsylvania .........................................................................           5,818.9                5,626.0           5,851.8              5,666.6             -185.2                -3.2
   Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington 1 ...................................                           2,803.5                2,710.6           2,827.5              2,732.9              -94.6                -3.3
    Camden 2 .........................................................................              532.8                  512.6             537.4                516.8              -20.6                -3.8
    Philadelphia ......................................................................           1,920.9                1,864.7           1,938.5              1,881.4              -57.1                -2.9
    Wilmington 2 .....................................................................              349.8                  333.3             351.6                334.7              -16.9                -4.8

 Texas .....................................................................................     10,612.3               10,328.1          10,698.9             10,391.4             -307.5                -2.9
   Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington ................................................                   2,988.5                2,921.7           2,990.6              2,931.5              -59.1                -2.0
    Dallas-Plano-Irving ...........................................................               2,111.5                2,054.6           2,113.4              2,060.6              -52.8                -2.5
    Fort Worth-Arlington .........................................................                  877.0                  867.1             877.2                870.9               -6.3                 -.7

 Washington ...........................................................................           2,978.4                2,858.4           2,951.9              2,865.5              -86.4                -2.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue ...................................................                     1,768.5                1,693.2           1,739.5              1,690.5              -49.0                -2.8
   Seattle-Bellevue-Everett ...................................................                   1,484.2                1,415.6           1,458.6              1,415.6              -43.0                -2.9
   Tacoma .............................................................................             284.3                  277.6             280.9                274.9               -6.0                -2.1


   1Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.                                                                      dated November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas
   2All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.                                                                       in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
   p = preliminary.                                                                                                          (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in
  NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current                                        two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.
benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.                                        Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally
Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01,                                            outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Unemployment rates for metropolitan areas,
  not seasonally adjusted, October 2009
            (U.S. rate = 9.5 percent)




                 NOTE: Map includes data for 372 metropolitan areas based
                       on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-
                       01. Areas in the six New England states are Metro-
                       politan New England City and Town areas (NECTAs),     Above U.S. average
                       while areas in other states are county-based.
                                                                             U.S. average or below

				
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