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Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global

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					Kuliah Perdana M h i K li h P d Mahasiswa B Baru Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Darma Persada Tahun Akademik 2004-2005

Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global
Oleh: Drs. Dadang Solihin, MA

Jakarta, 21 September 2004

Materi Kuliah
• Apa itu Globalisasi? • Bagaimana kesiapan kita sejauh ini? (SDM, sosial-ekonomi, infrastruktur, dll) • Bagaimana peran PT?

Globalisasi
• Globalisasi telah memperluas jangkauan kegiatan ekonomi sehingga tidak lagi terbatas pada suatu negara. • Kemajuan teknologi, khususnya dalam bidang informasi, komunikasi, dan transportasi, telah memungkinkan arus orang, barang, jasa, dan informasi bergerak dengan jauh lebih cepat dalam jumlah yang makin besar dengan cepat, besar, kualitas yang makin baik, dan dengan biaya yang makin murah. ua • Yang akan keluar sebagai pemenang dan memperoleh manfaat dari globalisasi adalah yang telah secara mantap g y g p mempersiapkan diri.

Pilihannya:

Use Be B used d Isolated
Results: • global production by transnational company • opening domestic market to foreigners • more open domestic financial markets • reduce government’s role in provision of goods and services

Priorities for development
Millennium Development Goals (2000s) Politics (1990s) g good g governance; participation, transparency, accountability ;p p , p y, y Public Management (1980s) Reform Policies (1980 ) P li i (1980s) stabilization; structural adjustment Programmes (1970s) for integrated development Plans and strategies (1960s) in command economies Projects (1950s) to promote development Poverty relief (1940s) after war, famine
Sources: www.dadangsolihin.com

Human Development Index
1 y Norway 0.956

High Human Development 1 Norway 0.956 2 Sweden 3 Australia 4 Canada 5 Netherlands 6 Belgium 7 Iceland 8 United States 9 Japan 10 Ireland 11 Switzerland 12 United Kingdom 13 Finland 14 Austria 15 Luxembourg L embo rg 16 France 17 Denmark 18 New Zealand 19 Germany 20 Spain y 21 Italy 22 Israel 23 Hong Kong,China 24 Greece 25 Singapore 26 Portugal 27 Slovenia 28 Korea Rep of Korea,Rep.of 29 Barbados 30 Cyprus 31 Malta 32 Czech Republic 33 Brunei Darussalam 34 Argentina 35 Seychelles 36 Estonia 37 Poland 38 Hungary 39 Saint Kitts and Nevis 40 Bahrain 41 Lithuania 42 Slovakia 43 Chile 44 Kuwait 45 Costa Rica 46 Uruguay 47 Qatar 48 Croatia 49 United Arab Emirates 50 Latvia 51 Bahamas 52 Cuba 53 Mexico 54 Trinidad and Tobago 55 Antigua and Barbuda

Medium Human Development Medium High 56 Bulgaria 57 Russian Federation 58 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 59 Malaysia 60 Macedonia,TFYR 61 Panama 62 Belarus 63 Tonga 64 Mauritius 65 Albania 66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 Suriname 68 Venezuela 69 Romania 70 Ukraine 71 Saint Lucia 72 Brazil 73 Colombia 74 Oman 75 Samoa (Western) 76 Thailand 77 Saudi Arabia 78 Kazakhstan 79 Jamaica 80 Lebanon 81 Fiji 82 Armenia 83 Philippines 84 Maldives 85 Peru 86 Turkmenistan 87 St.Vincent &the Grenadines 88 Turkey 89 Paraguay 90 J d Jordan 91 Azerbaijan 92 Tunisia 93 Grenada 94 China 95 Dominica 96 Sri Lanka 97 Georgia 98 Dominican Medium Low 99 Belize 100 Ecuador 101 Iran,Islamic Rep.of 102 Palestinian Territories 103 El Salvador 104 Guyana 105 Cape Verde 106 Syrian Arab Republic 107 Uzbekistan 108 Algeria 109 Equatorial Guinea 110 Kyrgyzstan 111 Indonesia 0.692 112 Viet Nam 113 Moldova,Rep.of Moldo a Rep of 114 Bolivia 115 Honduras 116 Tajikistan 117 Mongolia 118 Nicaragua 119 South Africa 120 Egypt 121 Guatemala 122 Gabon 123 São Tomé and Principe 124 Solomon Islands 125 Morocco 126 Namibia 127 India 128 Botswana 129 Vanuatu 130 Cambodia 131 Ghana 132 Myanmar 133 Papua N G i P New Guinea 134 Bhutan 135 Lao People’s Dem.Rep. 136 Comoros 137 Swaziland 138 Bangladesh 139 Sudan 140 Nepal 141 Cameroon

Low Human Development 142 Pakistan 143 Togo 144 Congo 145 Lesotho 146 Uganda 147 Zimbabwe 148 Kenya 149 Yemen 150 Madagascar 151 Nigeria 152 Mauritania 153 Haiti 154 Djibouti 155 Gambia 156 Eritrea 157 Senegal 158 Timor-Leste 159 Rwanda 160 Guinea 161 Benin p 162 Tanzania,U.Rep.of 163 Côte d ’Ivoire 164 Zambia 165 Malawi 166 Angola 167 Chad 168 Congo,Dem.Rep.of the 169 Central African Rep. Rep 170 Ethiopia 171 Mozambique 172 Guinea-Bissau 173 Burundi 174 Mali 175 Burkina Faso 176 Ni Niger 177 Sierra Leone 0.273

• Lif expectancy at birth Life t t bi th • Adult literacy rate (%ages 15 and above) • Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary, and tertiary schools (%) p p (PPP US$) ) • GDP per capita ( • Life expectancy index • Education index • Penduduk yang kualitasnya rendah nilai HDI-nya mendekati 0, sedang yang baik y , gy g mendekati 1.

111

Indonesia 0.692

177

Sierra Leone 0.273

Sources: www.undp.org

World Competitiveness Yearbook 2004
1 2 USA

THE WORLD COMPETITIVENESS SCOREBOARD 2004
100.000 89.008 86.626 86.046 86.015 85.765 84.378 84 378 83.636 83.083 80.303 79.578 79.543 78.933 78.809 78.613 75.919 75.468 74.394 74.265 73.730 73 730 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Germany
United Kingdom

73.435 72.186 71.915 70.725 70.324 69.901 69.802 69 802 68.426 68.235 67.673 67.414 64.646 63.458 62.971 62.201 62.026 61.429 59.557 58.485 57.462 57 462

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Colombia Hungary Czech Rep Greece Slovenia Lombardy Sao Paulo S P l Jordan South Africa Russia Italy Philippines Brazil Romania Turkey Mexico Poland Indonesia Argentina Venezuela

57.370 57.209 56.440 56.346 55.498 55.270 55.008 55 008 54.131 53.786 52.140 50.307 49.666 48.130 47.997 43.459 43.239 41.953 38.095 36.937 24.748 24 748

Singapore Canada Australia Iceland Hong Kong Denmark D k Finland Luxembourg Ireland Sweden Taiwan Austria Switzerland Netherlands Malaysia Norway New Zealand Zhejiang Bavaria

1

USA 100.000

The Breakdown of Competitiveness Factors
Economic Performance • Domestic Economy • International Trade • International Investment • Employment • Prices Government Efficiency • Public Finance y • Fiscal Policy • Institutional Framework • Business Legislation • Education Business Efficiency • Productivity Infrastructure • Basic Infrastructure

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Japan China Belgium Chile Catalonia C t l i Estonia Thailand France Spain Ile-De-France Israel India Korea Scotland Rhone-Alps Maharashtra Portugal Slovak Rep

• Labor Market • Technological g Infrastructure • Finance • Management Practices • Impact of Globalization • Scientific Infrastructure • Health and Environment • Value System

58 60

Indonesia 38.095 38 095 Venezuela 24.748

Sources: International Institute for Management Development www01.imd.ch/wcy/ranking/

Clusters of excellence
1. Top academic or commercial research facilities; 2. At least a handful of entrepreneurs with strong role models; ; 3. Tax policies, especially on stock options and capital gains, gains that do not discourage entrepreneurs; 4. An infrastructure of professional services companies; 5. A outward-looking commercial tradition; An d l ki i l di i 6. A pool of local investors that specialize in early-stage p p y g technology companies; 7. A great p g place to live as well as work.
Sources: Forbes Globe magazine Stockholm

The Hierarchy of the Cities
Copenhagen Moscow

London Paris
Madrid

Brussels

Frankfurt F kf
Zurich

Beijing

Seoul

Tokyo
Osaka

San Francisco

Chicago
Huston Mexico

多倫多

Milan H Mil Hong K Kong

Shanghai

New York

Taipei T i i Manila

Los Angeles

Miami

Bangkok Kuala Lumpur p

Singapore
Sydney y y Johannesburg

San Paulo Buenos Aires Santo Domingo

core city
semi-periphery periphery

Melbourne

Indonesia Ranking Berapa ya .?? THE BEST PLACES IN THE WORLD TO START A BUSINESS 2002

Internet Users in Asia (2000) ( )
Mangolia M li

Rank
N.Korea S.Korea Japan

Country Hong Kong Singapore South Korea Japan p Taiwan Malaysia Thailand China Philippines India Indonesia Vietnam

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

USA Singapore Hong Kong Ireland UK Belgium Australia Taiwan Finland Netherlands Germany Japan Sweden

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Spain Malaysia Israel China Korea Italy India Brazil France Mexico South Africa Poland

Number of Internet Users 3,460,000 1,850,000 16,000,000 38,000,000 , , 6,400,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 17,000,000 500,000 4,500,000 400,000 100,000

% population 48% 44% 34% 30% 29% 7% 1.6% 1.3% 0.6% 0.45% 0.18% 0.13%

China

1
Taiwan T i
Hong Kong Macao Philippines

India

2 3 4 5

Thailand Malaysia

Indonesia Singapore

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Sources: www.forbes.com/global/2001/0528/070.html

Source: http://www.nua.ie

Knowledge-based Economy g y
• New economic is powered by technology, driven by ideas, rooted in innovation and enterprise. (Bill Clinton) • Knowledge-based economy are those which are g y directly based on the production, distribution and utilization of knowledge and information. [OECD ] • Knowledge-based economy mean that economic g y activities which are directly or indirectly promoted via knowledge, information, and innovation.

Innovation
• Innovation is the spirit of knowledge based knowledge-based economy, however, it’s difficult to get some innovative achievements without high quality of human resources. • Education is the foundation of knowledgeknowledge based economy for knowledge production, distribution, distribution and application. Besides, high application Besides quality of human resources must be based on g good education. • Innovation can transform knowledge into wealth and create additional value of products. products

Dadang Solihin’s Profile

Penutup p
Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global:
• Menyiapkan SDM yang handal dan berdaya saing tinggi untuk dapat mengejar ketinggalan dari negara-negara lain. • Daya saing yang bersumber dari kualitas manusia harus makin diandalkan karena bangsa Indonesia tidak bisa terus-menerus mengandalkan tenaga kerja dan sumber alam yang dihargai murah.

Dadang holds a MA degree ( g g (Economics), University of ) y Colorado, USA. His previous post is Head, Center for Research Data and Information at DPD Secretariat General as well as Deputy Director for Information of Spatial Planning and Land Use Management at Indonesian National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas). Beside working as Assistant Professor at Graduate School of AsiaAsia Pacific Studies, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, he also active as Associate Professor at University of Darma Persada, Jakarta, Indonesia. He got various training around the globe included the Training Seminar on globe, Land Use and Management, Taiwan (2004); Developing Multimedia Applications for Managers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2003); Applied Policy Development Training Vancouver Canada (2002); Local Government Training, Vancouver, Administration Training Course, Hiroshima, Japan (2001); and Regional Development and Planning Training Course, Sapporo, Japan (1999). He pub s ed o e a published more than five boo s regarding local au o o ous e books ega d g oca autonomous. You can reach Dadang Solihin by email at dadangsol@yahoo.com or by his mobile at +62812 932 2202

Terima Kasih


				
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