Docstoc

CYBERSPACE

Document Sample
CYBERSPACE Powered By Docstoc
					     As described by Wiliam Gibson in his science fiction novel
Neuromancer,
cyberspace was a "Consensual hallucination that felt and looked like a
physical space
but actuallly was a computer-generated construct representing abstract
data." Years
later, mankind has realized that Gibson's vision is very close to
reality. The term
cyberspace was frequently used to explain or describe the process in
which two
computers connect with each other through various telephone lines. In
this
communication between the two systems there seems to be no distance
between them.
     There are now four catagories that describe the major components of
todays
cyber space. One oof those is commercial on-line services. These large
computer
systems can host thousands of users simultaneously. When a computer user
purchases
an account from the company they recieve a screen name and a password.
The user
then can use his or her screen name and password to log on and use the
system. Most
of the online systems have chat rooms where users can chat in real time
with one
another. some users even think of on-line services as a community.
     The second catagory involves Bulletin Boards or (BBS's). These
services allow the
user accounts like their larger on-line service cousins. These BBS's
have less users
because they run on smaller computers. The system operators, more
commonly
known as sysops, are running the boards. Since most BBS's are hobbies
there is
usually no charge for an account. The same as on-line services, users
use BBS's for
trades, games, and to chat among other users. Since bulletin boeard are
so easy to
set up there are thousands of them located around the world. Each board
has a
theme. These themes range from astronomy to racist neo-nazi crap. A
boards theme
helps users in their search for a board that will satisfy their personal
preference.
     A third catagory is the Private System. These private systems
sometime run
bulletin boards privately, not letting the public acess. In these
private systems users
can perform specialized computer operations, or access to data. Through
this private
network users within a company can send mail, faxes, and other messages
to each
other through the companies computer network. If a worker was to look up
a
customers information he could access it through the companies private
network. The
public can not get access to the companies private system unless he or
she knows the
systems password.
     The fourth and last catagory is computer networks. These
collections are a group
of connected computers that exchange information. One of the most well
known is
the internet. The internet is the so called "network of networks."
Through the
internet a user can transfer files to and from systems. The program that
allows this
is called (FTP) File Transfer Protocol. This program allows users to
send anything
from faxes to software from one to another. The progam is taken from one
computer
and sent across the phone lines to the recieving computer which compiles
the
information.
     In cyberspace their are a number of tools a user can use. E-mail is
a popular tool
which allows the transfer of electronic mail between users. This mail
more convenient
than postage mail because it travels over phone lines. Software exchange
is also a
popular tool. Some systems sell software while other times it comes free
of charge.
The FTP program is the reason for the speediness between transfers.
Games and
entertainment are another resource. A user on-line can play a game
against someone
who is hundreds of miles away. It is now possible to go shopping from
the privacy of
your own computer not even having to leave your home. The chat rooms
that are
mostly found on-line allow users to communicate with a variety of people
together in a
virtual room. Sometimes services will allow guest speakers to have
access to the
rooms so multiple users can ask questions. One popular resourse is
education. A user
can find endless amounts of information either on the internet, on-line
services, chat
rooms, or even personal computer software. The internet is bigger than
any library
and it is possible to find any type of information needed.
     As described by Wiliam Gibson in his science fiction novel
Neuromancer,
cyberspace was a "Consensual hallucination that felt and looked like a
physical space
but actuallly was a computer-generated construct representing abstract
data." Years
later, mankind has realized that Gibson's vision is very close to
reality. The term
cyberspace was frequently used to explain or describe the process in
which two
computers connect with each other through various telephone lines. In
this
communication between the two systems there seems to be no distance
between them.
     There are now four catagories that describe the major components of
todays
cyber space. One oof those is commercial on-line services. These large
computer
systems can host thousands of users simultaneously. When a computer user
purchases
an account from the company they recieve a screen name and a password.
The user
then can use his or her screen name and password to log on and use the
system. Most
of the online systems have chat rooms where users can chat in real time
with one
another. some users even think of on-line services as a community.
     The second catagory involves Bulletin Boards or (BBS's). These
services allow the
user accounts like their larger on-line service cousins. These BBS's
have less users
because they run on smaller computers. The system operators, more
commonly
known as sysops, are running the boards. Since most BBS's are hobbies
there is
usually no charge for an account. The same as on-line services, users
use BBS's for
trades, games, and to chat among other users. Since bulletin boeard are
so easy to
set up there are thousands of them located around the world. Each board
has a
theme. These themes range from astronomy to racist neo-nazi crap. A
boards theme
helps users in their search for a board that will satisfy their personal
preference.
     A third catagory is the Private System. These private systems
sometime run
bulletin boards privately, not letting the public acess. In these
private systems users
can perform specialized computer operations, or access to data. Through
this private
network users within a company can send mail, faxes, and other messages
to each
other through the companies computer network. If a worker was to look up
a
customers information he could access it through the companies private
network. The
public can not get access to the companies private system unless he or
she knows the
systems password.
     The fourth and last catagory is computer networks. These
collections are a group
of connected computers that exchange information. One of the most well
known is
the internet. The internet is the so called "network of networks."
Through the
internet a user can transfer files to and from systems. The program that
allows this
is called (FTP) File Transfer Protocol. This program allows users to
send anything
from faxes to software from one to another. The progam is taken from one
computer
and sent across the phone lines to the recieving computer which compiles
the
information.
     In cyberspace their are a number of tools a user can use. E-mail is
a popular tool
which allows the transfer of electronic mail between users. This mail
more convenient
than postage mail because it travels over phone lines. Software exchange
is also a
popular tool. Some systems sell software while other times it comes free
of charge.
The FTP program is the reason for the speediness between transfers.
Games and
entertainment are another resource. A user on-line can play a game
against someone
who is hundreds of miles away. It is now possible to go shopping from
the privacy of
your own computer not even having to leave your home. The chat rooms
that are
mostly found on-line allow users to communicate with a variety of people
together in a
virtual room. Sometimes services will allow guest speakers to have
access to the
rooms so multiple users can ask questions. One popular resourse is
education. A user
can find endless amounts of information either on the internet, on-line
services, chat
rooms, or even personal computer software. The internet is bigger than
any library
and it is possible to find any type of information needed.




                As described by Wiliam Gibson in his science fiction
novel Neuromancer,
cyberspace was a "Consensual hallucination that felt and looked like a
physical space
but actuallly was a computer-generated construct representing abstract
data." Years
later, mankind has realized that Gibson's vision is very close to
reality. The term
cyberspace was frequently used to explain or describe the process in
which two
computers connect with each other through various telephone lines. In
this
communication between the two systems there seems to be no distance
between them.
     There are now four catagories that describe the major components of
todays
cyber space. One oof those is commercial on-line services. These large
computer
systems can host thousands of users simultaneously. When a computer user
purchases
an account from the company they recieve a screen name and a password.
The user
then can use his or her screen name and password to log on and use the
system. Most
of the online systems have chat rooms where users can chat in real time
with one
another. some users even think of on-line services as a community.
     The second catagory involves Bulletin Boards or (BBS's). These
services allow the
user accounts like their larger on-line service cousins. These BBS's
have less users
because they run on smaller computers. The system operators, more
commonly
known as sysops, are running the boards. Since most BBS's are hobbies
there is
usually no charge for an account. The same as on-line services, users
use BBS's for
trades, games, and to chat among other users. Since bulletin boeard are
so easy to
set up there are thousands of them located around the world. Each board
has a
theme. These themes range from astronomy to racist neo-nazi crap. A
boards theme
helps users in their search for a board that will satisfy their personal
preference.
     A third catagory is the Private System. These private systems
sometime run
bulletin boards privately, not letting the public acess. In these
private systems users
can perform specialized computer operations, or access to data. Through
this private
network users within a company can send mail, faxes, a