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Corinthians

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					Corinthians

Corinthians, the seventh book of the New Testament, was written by Paul to get
across that Jesus is alive (15:3-18) and that we will be resurrected (15:35-38),
among other things. Today there is no dispute that Paul is the author of I
Corinthians. “Both external and the internal evidence for the Pauline authorship
are so strong that those who attempt to show the apostle was not the writer
succeed chiefly in proving their own incompetence as critics.”1 As internal
evidence, Paul identifies himself as the author in 1 Corinthians 1:1 and 16:21.
External evidence of Paul writing this letter is supported by people such as
Clement of Rome (c. 95-97) and Augustine (c. 400). The letter was written to
the people of Corinth. Corinth was a strategically located Roman city on the
main land route between East and West and was the crossroads for several sea
routes. Corinth was famous for its intellectual and material prosperity and was
honored with being the capitol of Ancaia. It also became famous for its
corruption. Paul began his ministry there on his second missionary journey. He
converted many influential people in Corinth, thus he stayed for a year and a
half. Most likely, Paul left Corinth in the fall of AD 51. Paul returned to Corinth
on his third trip to Asia, c. fall, AD 52. Paul then wrote this letter from Ephesus
while on his third trip to Asia. Paul wrote the letter several years after his initial
departure from Corinth in the fall of AD 51-52. The letter was written before the
beginning of the summer since Paul intended to leave Ephesus after Pentecost. It
was also written before winter since Paul wanted to come to them and spend the
winter. Paul wrote the letter four or five years after his initial departure from
Corinth. Paul had many points that he wanted to get across in I Corinthians. For
instance, the purpose of the letter was to address problems in the local churches
of Corinth. Also, to counter worldly wisdom with Spiritual wisdom, and to
answer questions that Corinthians had brought to Paul. (7:1,25 8:1) Furthermore,
he wanted to deal with the several moral problems and the divisions that had
formed as people had divided into fan-clubs and were proclaiming themselves
followers of Paul, Apollo, Peter or Christ. During this time the Corinthian
church had many problems. Most of these problems were the result of pride and
placing so much emphasis on social status. In Corinth there was a lack of church
discipline and an abuse of the Christian liberty. Paul dealt with these problems
one by one, but the pinnacle of Paul’s argument is in chapter 13 where he
emphasizes the importance of love. Love of others is incompatible with pride
and is to be the fundamental principle that guides all actions. I Corinthians
points out to me what I should do, and not do to become a good Christian. For
instance, Paul lists many things that you should not be in 6:9- 11. Paul also
pointed out that Jesus in fact did rise again, as he said he would, in 15:3-8. He
states that Jesus came to him, and this gives us evidence that Jesus stayed true to
the Scriptures. Furthermore, Paul tells us in 15:35- 38 that we will be
resurrected. 1Robertson and Plummer, I Corinthians (ICC), xvi.