School Nutrition Multi-Intervention Programs Bibliography Draft Nov 29-09 by SHInsider

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									                                                                                                    Draft November 29-09


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              School Nutrition: Multi-Intervention Programs Bibliography
This list of research, reports and educational/planning resources has organized in accordance with a standard
framework or outline used to describe comprehensive approaches, coordinated agency-school programs and whole
school strategies to address broad health, social, safety and other issues. We have selected key references for this
bibliography on multi-intervention programs. For a more complete listing see the Toolbox maintained by the
Canadian Association for School Health.

This list presents the findings of a preliminary scan of the research literature as well as the Internet. In the list of
web-linked research references found below, we have identified major case studies and research reviews. In the
listing of web-linked reports and resources (educational, planning, policy and training tools), we have tried to
provide a time-saving and convenient resources for the school health community. While much further examination
and further searching is required, we hope that this listing provides a quick start for program planning and
development. The listing is presented under these headings:

A. Understanding the Problem: (Prevalence, nature, aspects of the problem, behaviour theories that suggest
the use of multi-intervention programns)

B. Impact of the School Environment on the Problem (Influence of the physical and social
environment, role of school in preventing and models describing school approaches and why they suggest a multi-
intervention approach)

C. Holistic, Contextual and Comprehensive Approaches (Multi-issue, multi-level, multi-system
programs)

D. Effectiveness of Coordinated Programs and Services (School-Agency Programs, Whole School
Only Programs)

E. Use of Individual Evidence-based Interventions (A selected listing of individual Policy, Instruction,
Services, Social Support, Physical Environment Interventions that can be combined into a multi-intervention
program)

F. Implementation and Sustainability (Including Evidenced-based, Practical and Strategic Implementation
Strategies, diffusion or education change theories, Capacity-building/Continuous Improvement Strategies and
Strategic Consideration of System/Agency/School Characteristics

G Consideration of and Integration within the Constraints and Educational Mandate of the
School

H Questions related to Future and Current Research
                                                                                                                          Draft November 29-09




A Understanding the Problem

A-1 Prevalence & Nature of the Problem Among Young People
This sub-section lists items that explain the problems associated with nutrition among young people and approaches
that seem to be more effective or efficient. A holistic approach to behaviour change is often suggested by the
research evidence.

                                          Research                                                                                 Reports & Resources
Overview

Larson NI, Story M, Wall M, Neumark-Sztainer D. (2006) Calcium and dairy intakes of
adolescents are associated with their home environment, taste preferences, personal health
beliefs, and meal patterns. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Nov;106(11):1816-24

Temple NJ, Steyn NP, Myburgh NG, Nel JH. (2006) Food items consumed by students
attending schools in different socioeconomic areas in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutrition.
2006 Mar;22(3):252-8.

Welsh JA, Cogswell ME, Rogers S, et al. Overweight among low-income preschool children
associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics.
2005;115(2):223-229.

Wechsler H, McKenna ML, Lee SM, et al. The role of schools in preventing childhood
obesity. The State Education Standard. 2004;5(2):4-12.
                                                                                               World Health Organization. Nutrition—Controlling the global obesity epidemic. Upd
Greenhalgh J, Dowey AJ, Horne PJ, Fergus Lowe C, Griffiths JH, Whitaker CJ. (2009)             9/3/03. Available at www.who.int/nutrition/topics/obesity/en/. Accessed December 2
Positive- and negative peer modelling effects on young children's consumption of novel blue
foods. Appetite. 2009 Jun;52(3):646-53. Epub 2009 Mar 6.                                       Canada‘s Food Guide
                                                                                               Contains recommended guidelines for healthy diet, as well as resources for educators
Worsley A. (2005) Children's healthful eating: from research to practice. Food Nutr Bull.      (Health Canada)
2005 Jun;26(2 Suppl 2):S135-43. Review.
                                                                                               World Health Organization. 1998. Healthy Nutrition: An Essential Element of a Heal
Burgess-Champoux TL, Rosen R, Marquart L, Reicks M. (2008) The development of                  Promoting School. (Report)
psychosocial measures for whole-grain intake among children and their parents. J Am Diet
Assoc. 2008 Apr;108(4):714-7.                                                                  American Dietetic Association, Society for Nutrition Education, and American Schoo
                                                                                               Service Association: Nutrition Services: An Essential Component of Comprehensive
Risvas G, Panagiotakos DB, Chrysanthopoulou S, Karasouli K, Matalas AL, Zampelas A.            Health Programs Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
(2008) Factors associated with food choices among Greek primary school students: a cluster     Volume 35, Issue 2, March-April 2003, Pages 57-67
analysis in the ELPYDES study. J Public Health (Oxf). 2008 Sep;30(3):266-73. Epub 2008
May 22.                                                                                        Canadian Journal of Public Health Special Supplement Understanding the Forces tha
                                                                                               Influence Our Eating Habits: What We Know and Need to Know
                                                                                               A series of articles, commissioned by the Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion a
A-2 Specific Aspects, Conditions or Sub-Populations related to                                 published in a special supplement to the Canadian Journal of Public Health (CJPH),
this issue                                                                                     summarize existing literature on the determinants of healthy eating, identify gaps in
                                                                                               knowledge and offer recommendations for research to enhance the evidence base on
Sugared and Caffinated Beverages                                                               determinants of healthy eating. (Health Canada)

Harrington S. (2008) The role of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in adolescent            Canadian Guidelines for Body Weight Classification in Adults - Quick Reference To
obesity: a review of the literature. J Sch Nurs. 2008 Feb;24(1):3-12. Review.                  Summarizes research on health body weights.(Health Canada)

Knight CA, Knight I, Mitchell DC. (2006) Beverage caffeine intakes in young children in        Call to Action: Creating a Healthy School Nutrition Environment
Canada and the US. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006 Summer;67(2):96-9                                Position paper positioning schools as part of a community wide effort. (Ontario Socie
                                                                                               Nutrition Professionals in Public Health)
Marshall TA, Eichenberger Gilmore JM, Broffitt B, Levy SM, Stumbo PJ. (2003) Relative
validation of a beverage frequency questionnaire in children ages 6 months through 5 years
using 3-day food and beverage diaries. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003 Jun;103(6):714-20; discussion
720.

Calcium Intake
Barr SI. (1994) Associations of social and demographic variables with calcium intakes of
high school students. J Am Diet Assoc. 1994 Mar;94(3):260-6, 269; quiz 267-8.
Food Labelling

Bergen D, Yeh MC. (2006) Effects of energy-content labels and motivational posters on sales
of sugar-sweetened beverages: stimulating sales of diet drinks among adults study. J Am Diet
Assoc. 2006 Nov;106(11):1866-9
                                                                                                                         Draft November 29-09


Pirouznia M. (2000) The correlation between nutrition knowledge and eating behavior in an
American school: the role of ethnicity. Nutr Health. 2000;14(2):89-107

A-3 Behaviour Theories that Explain the Problem

B Impact, Role of the School and Models/Frameworks

B-1 Impact of School's Social and Physical Environment

This sub-section examines the impact of the social and physical environment of the school as a place in which
students and staff spend considerable time. Physical conditions and facilities in the school can contribute to health.
As well, prevailing social norms, beliefs and misconceptions from the media and the community can be either
reproduced or debunked in the school social environment. These factors are best addressed together through a multi-
intervention approach or program.

                                  Research                                                                Reports & Resources
van der Horst K, Timperio A, Crawford D, Roberts R, Brug J, Oenema A.
(2008) The school food environment associations with adolescent soft drink
and snack consumption. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Sep;35(3):217-23. Epub 2008
Jul 10

Wechsler H, Brener ND, Kuester S, et al. Food service and foods and
beverages available at school: results from the school health policies and
programs study 2000. J of Sch Health. 2001;71(7):313-324.

James J, Thomas P, Cavan D, et al. Preventing childhood obesity by
reducing consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomized controlled
trial. BMJ. 2004;328:1237-1241.

Kubik MY, Lytle LA, Hannan PJ, et al. The association of the school food
environment with dietary behaviors of young adolescents. Am J Public
Health. 2003;93(7):1168-1173.

Snyder MP, Story M, and Trenkner LL. Reducing fat and sodium in school
lunch programs: the LUNCHPOWER! Intervention study. J of Am Diet
Assoc. 1992;92(9):1087-1091.

Wills W, Backett-Milburn K, Gregory S, Lawton J. (2005) The influence of
the secondary school setting on the food practices of young teenagers from
disadvantaged backgrounds in Scotland. Health Educ Res. 2005
Aug;20(4):458-65. Epub 2004 Oct 26.

Public Health Research, Education & Development Program. 2003. Young
people and healthy eating: A systematic review on barriers and facilitators.
Effective Public Health Practice Project. (Review)


B-2 Realistic Role of the School, Models Describing that Role

                               Research                                                              Reports/Resources

Realistic Role relative to the Educational
Mandate and Constraints of the Schools and
School System


                                                                               World Health Organization. 1998. Healthy Nutrition: An Essential Element
                                                                               of a Health Promoting School. (Report)
Models/Frameworks that Describe the Schools
Role                                                                           World Health Organization (2006) Report of the Brainstorming Meeting on
                                                                               the development of a framework on the Nutrition-Friendly Schools Initiative
                                                                                                                         Draft November 29-09




C Holistic, Contextual and Comprehensive Approaches This sub-section examines holistic, contextual and
comprehensive approaches include the whole child, all children (especially vulnerable), developmental stages/life
course, clusters of behaviours and conditions(eg mental health, crime, tobacco, sexual risk-taking, dropouts),
community and systems context analysis, synergistic combination of strategies and initiatives (e.g. police officers,
safe schools, character education, early childhood programs), multi-level , intersectorial strategies, programs and
policies

                                  Research                                                                Reports & Resources
Worsley A. (2005) Children's healthful eating: from research to practice.
Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun;26(2 Suppl 2):S135-43. Review.

Muller M, Danielzik S, Pust S. School- and family-based interventions to
prevent overweight in children. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2005
May:64(2):249-54.

Hilgers KK, Akridge M, Sheetz JP, Kinane DE. Childhood obesity and
dental development. Pediatric Dentistry. 2006 Jan-Feb; 28(1):18-22.

Lister-Sharp D, Chapman S, Stewart-Brown S, Sowden A. 1999. Health
promoting schools and health promotion in schools: Two systematic
reviews. Health Technology Assessment. 3(22). (Review)

Micucci S. 2004. Environmental interventions to improve nutrition and
increase physical activity in children and youth. Effective Public Health
Practice Project. (Review)

Ciliska D. 2004. Interventions to improve nutritional intake in children and
youth. Effective Public Health Practice Project. (Review)                       List of Comprehensive (Multi-issue, multi-level) Programs (From PHAC
                                                                                Best Practices Portal)
Veugelers P, Fitzgerald A. 2005. Effectiveness of school programs in
preventing childhood obesity: a multilevel comparison. American Journal of
Public Health. 432-435. (Random Controlled Trial)                                         Action Schools! BC ,
Pietinen P, Nissinen A, Vartianinen E, Tuomilehto A, Uusitalo U, Ketola A,                Active Programme Promoting Lifestyle Education in School
Moisio S, Puska P, 1988, "Dietary changes in the North Karelia Project                     (APPLES),
(1972-1982)", Journal of Preventive Medicine, Mar;17(2):183-93.                           Annapolis Valley Health Promoting Schools ,

Kelder SH, Perry CL, Lytle LA, Klepp KI (1995) Community-wide youth
                                                                                          Healthy Happenings ,
nutrition education: long-term outcomes of the Minnesota Heart Health                     Be Active Eat Well (BAEW),
Program. Health Educ Res. 1995 Jun;10(2):119-31.                                          Cardiovascular Health in Children (CHIC),

Gortmaker SL, Cheung LW, Peterson KE, Chomitz G, Cradle JH, Dart H,
                                                                                          Eat Well and Keep Moving,
Fox MK, Bullock RB, Sobol AM, Colditz G, Field AE, Laird N. (1999)                        Healthier Places to Live, Work and Play - Saskatchewan Health ,
Impact of a school-based interdisciplinary intervention on diet and physical               North Karelia Project (NKP),
activity among urban primary school children: eat well and keep moving.                   North Karelia Youth Project (NKYP),
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999 Sep;153(9):975-83.
                                                                                          Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES),
Haerens L, Deforche B, Maes L, Cardon G, Stevens V, De Bourdeaudhuij I.                   Coordinated Approach to Child Health (CATCH)
(2006) Evaluation of a 2-year physical activity and healthy eating
intervention in middle school children. Health Educ Res. 2006
Dec;21(6):911-21. Epub 2006 Oct 10.

Nahas MV, de Barros MV, de Assis MA, Hallal PC, Florindo AA, Konrad
L. (2009) Methods and participant characteristics of a randomized
intervention to promote physical activity and healthy eating among brazilian
high school students: the Saude na Boa project. J Phys Act Health. 2009
Mar;6(2):153-62.

Hoelscher DM, Evans A, Parcel GS, Kelder SH. (2002) Designing effective
nutrition interventions for adolescents.The integration of school nutrition
program into health promotion and prevention of lifestyle-related diseases in
Japan. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:349-51. Review

Sahay TB, Ashbury FD, Roberts M, Rootman I. (2006) Effective
components for nutrition interventions: a review and application of the
literature.An economic evaluation of the expanded food and nutrition
education program. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 May-Jun;40(3):134-43
                                                                                                                          Draft November 29-09


Carleton RA, Sennett L, Gans KM, Levin S, Lefebvre C, Lasater TM. (1991)
The Pawtucket Heart Health Program. Influencing adolescent eating
patterns. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1991;623:322-6.

Graham D, Appleton S, Rush E, McLennan S, Reed P, Simmons D. (2008)
Increasing activity and improving nutrition through a schools-based
programme: Project Energize. 1. Design, programme, randomisation and
evaluation methodology.A community-driven obesity prevention and
intervention in an elementary school. J Ky Med Assoc. 2008
Mar;106(3):104-8.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Mar;102(3 Suppl):S52-63. Review.

Nakamura T. (2008) The integration of school nutrition program into health
promotion and prevention of lifestyle-related diseases in Japan. Health
Promot Pract. 2006 Oct;7(4):418-27. Epub 2006 Aug 23. Review

Dollahite J, Kenkel D, Thompson CS. (2008) An economic evaluation of the
expanded food and nutrition education program.Public Health Nutr. 2008
Oct;11(10):1076-84. Epub 2008 Jan 15

Perman JA, Young TL, Stines E, Hamon J, Turner LM, Rowe MG. (2008) A
community-driven obesity prevention and intervention in an elementary
school J Ky Med Assoc. 2008 Mar;106(3):104-8.


D Effectiveness of Coordinated Programs and Services on Overall Health on Nutrition/Eating Habits
This sub-section examines coordinated, multi-intervention programs. Where possible, we differentiate between
Coordinated School-Community Programs (CSHP) and Whole-School Programs (HPS) involving only school-based
personnel.

                                  Research                                                                Reports & Resources

On Health Overall (that including Nutrition & Eating)
                                                                              World Health Organization. 1997. Promoting Health Through Schools.
Ontario Public Health Research, Education & Development. 1999.                Report of a WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health
Effectiveness of School-Based Interventions in Reducing Adolescent Risk       Education and Promotion. Geneva, Switzerland (Report)
Behaviour: A Systematic Review of Reviews. Hamilton, ON. (Review)
                                                                              Allensworth D, Lawson E, Nicholson L, Wyche J. (eds). 1997. Schools and
Lister-Sharp D, Chapman S, Stewart-Brown S, Sowden A. 1999. Health            Health: Our Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: National Academy of
promoting schools and health promotion in schools: Two systematic             Sciences. (Report)
reviews. Health Technology Assessment. 3(22). UK: University of York.
(Review)                                                                      Nutbeam D, St. Leger L. 1998. Effective School Health Promotion. Towards
                                                                              Health Promoting Schools. Commonwealth of Australia.(Report)
Stewart-Brown, S. (2006). What is the Evidence on School Health
Promotion in Improving School Health or Preventing Disease and                Food for Thought: Schools and Nutrition
Specifically What is the Effectiveness of the Health Promoting Schools        Summary of programs and services that can be delivered through schools to
Approach?                                                                     promote healthy eating and nutrition. (Health Canada, Canadian Association
                                                                              for School Health)
On Nutrition, Eating & Diet in General
Flynn, M.A., McNeil, D.A., Maloff, B., Mutasingwa, D., Wu, M., Ford, C
                                                                             Nutrition Tools for Schools© (ON) aims to help school communities work
(2006) Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and
                                                                             through a step-by-step process of creating a healthy school nutrition
youth: A synthesis of evidence with 'best practice' recommendations Obesity
                                                                             environment. Practical tools and resources are included to help the school
Reviews Vol 7: 1, 7-66
                                                                             carry out many different activities that support healthy eating in classrooms,
                                                                             schools and within the community external to the school. This whole school
Haerens L, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Maes L, Vereecken C, Brug J, Deforche B.
                                                                             approach fits within the comprehensive school health model that many
(2007) The effects of a middle-school healthy eating intervention on
                                                                             public health units are using to guide their work with schools. Developed as
adolescents' fat and fruit intake and soft drinks consumption. Public Health
                                                                             a collaborative venture between several Health Departments, It is currently
Nutr. 2007 May;10(5):443-9
                                                                             being used by 33 of the 36 Health Departments in Ontario. The Power Point
                                                                             presentation, included as an attachment below, provides more information
Day ME, Strange KS, McKay HA, Naylor PJ. (2008) Action schools! BC--
                                                                             on this excellent resource. A wiki dedicated to sharing more about NTS,
Healthy Eating: effects of a whole-school model to modifying eating
                                                                             including implementation and evaluation related efforts, has been
behaviours of elementary school children. Can J Public Health. 2008 Jul-
                                                                             established at: http://nutritiontoolsforschools.wetpaint.com/.
Aug;99(4):328-31.

Birnbaum AS, Lytle LA, Story M, Perry CL, Murray DM.(2002) Are
differences in exposure to a multicomponent school-based intervention
associated with varying dietary outcomes in adolescents? Health Educ          Healthy Food in Schools
Behav. 2002 Aug;29(4):427-43.                                                 This website provides e Manitoba School Nutrition Handbook; Guidelines
                                                                              for Foods Available in K to 12 Schools in Manitoba and more. (Manitoba
Boon CS, Clydesdale FM. A review of childhood and adolescent obesity          Health Ministry)
interventions. Critical Reviews in Food Science & Nutrition. 2005; 45(7-
                                                                                                                            Draft November 29-09


8):511-25.                                                                  Newfoundland School Healthy Eating Handbook
                                                                            Contains advice on healthy foods, nutrition education, web resources for
Veugelers PJ, Fitzgerald AL. Effectiveness of school programs in preventing families and healthy fundraising tips. (Newfoundland Health Department)
childhood obesity: a multilevel comparison. Am J Public Health. 2005 Mar;
95(3):432-5.                                                                Making it Happen – Healthy Eating at Schools
                                                                            An in-depth, online how-to resource to help parents, policymakers, teachers
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for school health and the entire school community to review current school nutrition policy
programs to promote lifelong healthy eating. MMWR Recommendations           and make plans for healthy changes. In addition it offers a series of helpful
and Reports. 1996;45(RR-9):1-33.                                            information resources. (BC Health Ministry)

Sharma M. School-based interventions for childhood and adolescent obesity. Community-School Multi-Intervention Programs (From PHAC Best
Obes Rev. 2006 Aug; 7(3):261-9.                                            Practices Portal)

Cole K, Waldrop J, D‘Auria J, Garner H. An integrative research review:           Five-a-Day Power Plus, Six-a-Day
effective school-based childhood overweight interventions. Journal for
Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN. 2006 Jul; 11(3):166-77.
                                                                                  Whole School Multi-Intervention Programs (From PHAC Best Practices
Shaya FT, MPH, Flores D, Confidence M. Gbarayor MPH, Jingshu W                    Portal_
(2008) School-Based Obesity Interventions: A Literature Review Journal of
School Health 78 (4) , 189–196 doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00285.x
                                                                                            Kansas LEAN School Health Project,
Thomas, H., Ciliska, D., Wilson-Abra, J., Micucci, S., Dobbins, M., Dwyer,                  School Based Obesity Prevention in Chilean School Children,
J. (2004). Effectiveness of physical activity enhancement and obesity
prevention programs in children and youth. Health Canada.                                   Teens Eating for Energy and Nutrition at School (TEENS)

Thomas, J., Sutcliffe, K., Harden, A., Oakley, A., Oliver, S., Rees, R., et al.
(2003). Children and healthy eating: A systematic review of barriers and
facilitators. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of
Education, University of London. http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk)
                                                                                            Menu of Choices (from OPHEA - Ontario Physical and Health
Shepherd J, Harden A, Rees R, Brunton G, Garcia J, Oliver S, Oakley                          Education Association) is an online resource that takes the form
A.Young people and healthy eating: a systematic review of research on                        of a dynamic website, www.MenuofChoices.ca.
barriers and facilitators.London:University of London, Institute of                          Menuofchoices.ca provides the latest quality information and
Education, Social Science Research Unit, EPPI-Centre.2002                                    supports to understand, plan and address healthy eating key
                                                                                             messages in the school community for grades k-12. The website
Story, M. (1999). School-based approaches for preventing and treating                        encourages the entire school community to take a proactive
obesity. International Journal of Obesity, 23, S43-S51.                                      approach to addressing the healthy eating behaviours of children
                                                                                             and youth.
Campbell, K., Waters, E., O'Meara, S., & Summerbell, C. D. (2001).
Interventions for preventing obesity in children. The Cochrane Library.
Oxford: Update Software.

Contento, I. R., Balch, G. I., Bronner, Y. L., Lytle, L. A., Maloney, S. K.,
Olson, C. M., et al. (1995). The effectiveness of nutrition education and
implications for nutrition education policy, programs, and research: A
review of research. Journal of Nutrition Education, 27, 2 27-420. WHO,
Copenhagen, Denmark.

Pilant VB; American Dietetic Association. (2006) Position of the American
Dietetic Association: local support for nutrition integrity in schools. J Am
Diet Assoc. 2006 Jan;106(1):122-33.

Lytle LA, Kubik MY, Perry C, Story M, Birnbaum AS, Murray DM. (2006)
Influencing healthful food choices in school and home environments: results
from the TEENS study. Prev Med. 2006 Jul;43(1):8-13. Epub 2006 May 11

Rajgopal R, Cox RH, Lambur M, Lewis EC. (2002) Cost-benefit analysis
indicates the positive economic benefits of the Expanded Food and Nutrition
Education Program related to chronic disease prevention. J Nutr Educ
Behav. 2002 Jan-Feb;34(1):26-37 Ritchie A. (2001) Nutrition education and
promotion in primary schools. Aust J Holist Nurs. 2001 Oct;8(2):39-44.
Review. Malone SK. (2005) Improving the quality of students' dietary intake
in the school setting. J Sch Nurs. 2005 Apr;21(2):70-6. Review.
                                                                                                                             Draft November 29-09




Effect on Specific Risks, Behaviours and Conditions
This sub-section examines specific risks and behaviours related to nutrition, diet and eating habits. These include
obesity, eating disorders, consumption of salt and sugar and other factors, behaviours and conditions.

                                  Research                                                                   Reports & Resources

Effect on Obesity/Overweight/Overeating
                                                                                Programs from PHAC Best Practices Portal
Guide to Community Preventive Services. (2008) School-based programs to
control overweight or obesity.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
                                                                                            Gimme 5 High School (Vegetables & Fruit),
Stice, E., Shaw, H., Marti, C.N. (2006). A meta-analytic review of obesity                  Gimme 5 Primary School (Vegetables & Fruit),
prevention programs for children and adolescents: The skinny on                             Five-A-Day Power Play (Vegetables & Fruit),
interventions that work. Psychological Bulletin. 5, 667-691.
                                                                                            Seattle 5-a-Day (Vegetables & Fruit),
Connelly, J.B., Duaso, M.J., Butler, G. (2007). A systematic review of                      Six-a-Day (Vegetables & Fruit),
controlled trials of interventions to prevent childhood obesity and                         One Percent or Less Campaign (Reduced fat),
overweight: A realistic synthesis of the evidence. Public Health. 510-517.
                                                                                            Very Important Kids (VIK) Intervention (Body Image,
Kropski, J.A., Keckley, P.H., Jensen, G.L. (2008). School-based obesity                      Unhealthy Dieting)
prevention programs: An evidence-based review. Obesity. 5, 1009-1018.

Kelly,S.A., Melnyk,B.M. (2008). Systematic review of multicomponent
                                                                                The Student Body: a teacher training module designed to
interventions with overweight middle adolescents: Implications for clinical
                                                                                help alert teachers (and parents) to the factors that can
practice and research. Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing. 3, 113-135.
                                                                                trigger unhealthy dieting among children, and ways to
Luttikhuis HO, Baur L, Jansen H, Shrewsbury VA, O'Malley C, Stolk RP,           prevent it. www.aboutkidshealth.ca/thestudentbody.
Summerbell CD (2009) Interventions for treating obesity in children
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 4, 2009                          From the Body Image Coalition of Peel
                                                                                (www.bodyimagecoalition.org): Every Body is a
Connelly J B, Duaso M J, Butler G.A systematic review of controlled trials      Somebody: Facilitator's Guide (or Bien dans TA peau in
of interventions to prevent childhood obesity and overweight: a realistic       French) was designed to promote healthy body image,
synthesis of the evidence.Public Health2007;121(7):510-517                      positive self-esteem, and a non-dieting approach to eating.
                                                                                This active learning program provides background
Effect on Obesity/Overweight Lissau I.Prevention of overweight in the           information for the facilitator and activities to be used with
school arena.Acta Paediatrica2007;96(Supplement 454):12-18
                                                                                adolescents. The effectiveness of this program has been
                                                                                evaluated with middle school girls using a classroom format
Stice E, Shaw H, Marti C N.A meta-analytic review of obesity prevention
programs for children and adolescents: the skinny on interventions that         and a nurse-led peer support format, and has been shown to
work.Psychological Bulletin2006;132(5):667-691                                  improve global self-esteem, body satisfaction, and eating
                                                                                attitudes and behaviours.
Spiegel SA, Foulk D. (2006) Reducing overweight through a
multidisciplinary school-based intervention. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006
Jan;14(1):88-96.

Snethen J A, Broome M E, Cashin S E.Effective weight loss for overweight
children: a meta-analysis of intervention studies.Journal of Pediatric
Nursing2006;21(1):45-56

Summerbell CD, Ashton V, Campbell KJ, Edmunds L, Kelly S, Waters E.
Interventions for treating obesity in children. The Cochrane Database of
Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3

Collins C E, Warren J M, Neve M, McCoy P, Stokes B.Systematic review of
interventions in the management of overweight and obese children which
include a dietary component.International Journal of Evidence-Based
Healthcare2007;5:2-53                                                          Discussion Paper on Household and Individual Food Insecurity
                                                                               This paper presents an examination of issues pertaining to the inclusion of
Flodmark C E, Marcus C, Britton M.Interventions to prevent obesity in          direct and indirect indicators of food insecurity in a national nutrition
children and adolescents: a systematic literature review.International Journal monitoring system, focusing on individual- and household-level food
of Obesity2006;30(4):579-589                                                   insecurity that arises in the context of financial resource constraints. (Health
                                                                               Canada)
Gibson L J, Peto J, Warren J M, dos Santos Silva I.Lack of evidence on diets
for obesity for children: a systematic review.International Journal of
Epidemiology2006;35(6):1544-1552

Doak C M, Visscher T L, Renders C M, Seidell J C.The prevention of
overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review of
interventions and programmes.Obesity Reviews2006;7(1):111-136
                                                                                Draft November 29-09


McArthur, D.B. (1998). Heart healthy eating behaviors of children following
a school-based intervention: A meta-analysis. Issues in Comprehensive
Pediatric Nursing, 21(1), 35-48.

Stuart W P, Broome M E, Smith B A, Weaver M.An integrative review of
interventions for adolescent weight loss.Journal of School
Nursing2005;21(2):77-85

Ciliska D. 2004. Effective Public Health Practice Project. Summary
Statement. Public Health Research, Education & Development Program.
(Review)

Inge Lissau (2007) Prevention of overweight in the school arena Acta
Paediatrica Volume 96 Issue s454 Page 12 - April 2007

C. M. Doak, T. L. S. Visscher, C. M. Renders and J. C. Seidell. (2006) The
prevention of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review
of interventions and programmes. Obesity Reviews 7:1, 111–136

Effect on Diabetes
Micucci S, Thomas H, Vobar J. 2002. The Effectiveness of School-based
Strategies for the Primary Prevention of Obesity and for Promoting Physical
Activity and/or Nutrition, the Major Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes. A
Review of Reviews. Toronto, ON: Ontario Public Health Association.
(Review)

Macaulay AC, Paradis G, Potvin L, Cross EJ, Saad-Haddad C, McComber
A, Desrosiers S, Kirby R, Montour LT, Lamping DL, Leduc N, Rivard M.
(1997) The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: intervention,
evaluation, and baseline results of a diabetes primary prevention program
with a native community in Canada. Prev Med. 1997 Nov-Dec;26(6):779-90.

Effect on Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating (eg
unhealthy dieting)
Pokrajac-Bulian A, Zivcić-Becirević I, Calugi S, Dalle Grave R. (2006)
School prevention program for eating disorders in Croatia: a controlled study
with six months of follow-up. Eat Weight Disord. 2006 Dec;11(4):171-8.

Berger U, Ziegler P, Strauss B. (2008) [Barbie goes PriMa: formative
evaluation of a school-based program for the primary prevention of anorexia
nervosa developed for girls up to the age of 12] Z Psychosom Med
Psychother. 2008;54(1):32-45. German.

Raich RM, Sánchez-Carracedo D, López-Guimerà G, Portell M, Moncada
A, Fauquet J. (2008) A controlled assessment of school-based preventive
programs for reducing eating disorder risk factors in adolescent Spanish
girls. Eat Disord. 2008 May-Jun;16(3):255-72. Erratum in: Eat Disord. 2008
Jul-Sep;16(4):362

Ontario Public Health Research, Education & Development Program. The
effectiveness of primary prevention of eating disorders. Effective Public
Health Practice Project. (Review)

Pratt BM, Woolfenden SR. Interventions for preventing eating disorders in
children and adolescents. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
2002, Issue 2

Neumark-Sztainer D, Wall M, Guo J, Story M, Haines J, Eisenberg M.
(2006) Obesity, disordered eating, and eating disorders in a longitudinal
study of adolescents: how do dieters fare 5 years later? J Am Diet Assoc.
2006 Apr;106(4):559-68.

Elliot DL, Moe EL, Goldberg L, DeFrancesco CA, Durham MB, Hix-Small
H. (2006) Definition and outcome of a curriculum to prevent disordered
eating and body-shaping drug use. J Sch Health. 2006 Feb;76(2):67-73

McVey G, Gusella J, Tweed S, Ferrari M. (2009) A controlled evaluation of
web-based training for teachers and public health practitioners on the
prevention of eating disorders. Eat Disord. 2009 Jan-Feb;17(1):1-26.

McVey G, Tweed S, Blackmore E. (2007) Healthy Schools-Healthy Kids: a
                                                                                                          Draft November 29-09


controlled evaluation of a comprehensive universal eating disorder
prevention program. Body Image. 2007 Jun;4(2):115-36. Epub 2007 Mar 7

Effects on Food Security (School Meal Programs)
Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V.Realist review to understand the
efficacy of school feeding programmes. BMJ 2007;335:858

Dwyer JT, Hewes LV, Mitchell PD, Nicklas TA, Montgomery DH, Lytle
LA, Snyder MP, Zive MM, Bachman KJ, Rice R, Parcel GS. (1996)
Improving school breakfasts: effects of the CATCH Eat Smart Program on
the nutrient content of school breakfasts. Prev Med. 1996 Jul-
Aug;25(4):413-22.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Evaluation of a fruit and
vegetable distribution program--Mississippi, 2004-05 school year. MMWR
Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006 Sep 8;55(35):957-61.

Effects on Healthier, Balanced Diet and Specific
Behaviours & Conditions (eg Eating more fruits & vegetables,
Less salt, less sugar, less fat etc)

Ellis RM, Ellis RC. (2007) Impact of a traffic light nutrition tool in a
primary school. J R Soc Promot Health. 2007 Jan;127(1):13-21.

Effect on Food Selection Knowledge, Skills Hawthorne KM, Moreland K,
Griffin IJ, Abrams SA. (2006) An educational program enhances food label
understanding of young adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Jun;106(6):913-
6. Savige GS. (2005) E-learning: a nutritionally ripe environment. Food Nutr
Bull. 2005 Jun;26(2 Suppl 2):S230-4. Review.

Effects on Consumption of Fruits & Vegetables
Ciliska, D., Miles, E., O‘Brien, M.A., Turl, C., Tomasik, H.H., Donovan, U.,
et al. (2000). Effectiveness of community-based interventions to increase
fruit and vegetable consumption. Journal of Nutrition Education and
Behavior, 32(6), 341-352. www.health-evidence.ca

Knai C, Pomerleau J, Lock K, McKee M.Getting children to eat more fruit
and vegetables: a systematic review.Preventive Medicine2006;42(2):85-95

French SA, Stables G.(2003) Environmental interventions to promote
vegetable and fruit consumption among youth in school settings.(Review)
Prev Med. 2003 Dec;37(6 Pt 1):593-610

Stables GJ, Young EM, Howerton MW, Yaroch AL, Kuester S, Solera
MK, Cobb K, Nebeling L. (2005) Small school-based effectiveness trials            Sip Smart! BC
increase vegetable and fruit consumption among youth. J Am Diet Assoc.
2005 Feb;105(2):252-6.                                                             is a new, educational program that helps teach
                                                                                   children in grades 4 to 6 about sugary drinks and
Newell SA, Huddy AD, Adams JK, Miller M, Holden L, Dietrich UC.                    about making healthy drink choices. Sip Smart!
(2004) The tooty fruity vegie project: changing knowledge and attitudes
about fruits and vegetables. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2004 Jun;28(3):288-         BC is led by the BC Pediatric Society and the
95.                                                                                Heart and Stroke Foundation of BC & Yukon
                                                                                   and is funded by ActNOW BC via the BC
Effect on Consumption of Sugared Beverages                                         Healthy Living Alliance.
Lo E, Coles R, Humbert ML, Polowski J, Henry CJ, Whiting SJ. (2008)
Beverage intake improvement by high school students in Saskatchewan,
Canada. Nutr Res. 2008 Mar;28(3):144-50.

Nelson MC, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Story M (2009) Five-year
longitudinal and secular shifts in adolescent beverage intake: findings from
project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009
Feb;109(2):308-12.

Marshall TA, Levy SM, Broffitt B, Warren JJ, Eichenberger-Gilmore JM,
Burns TL, Stumbo PJ (2003) Dental caries and beverage consumption in
young children. Pediatrics. 2003 Sep;112(3 Pt 1):e184-91.

Rajeshwari R, Yang SJ, Nicklas TA, Berenson GS. (2005) Secular trends in
children's sweetened-beverage consumption (1973 to 1994): the Bogalusa
                                                                              Draft November 29-09


Heart Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Feb;105(2):208-14.

Sichieri R, Paula Trotte A, de Souza RA, Veiga GV (2009) School
randomised trial on prevention of excessive weight gain by discouraging
students from drinking sodas. Public Health Nutr. 2009 Feb;12(2):197-202.
Epub 2008 Jun 18

Wiecha JL, Finkelstein D, Troped PJ, Fragala M, Peterson KE. (2006)
School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with
sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youth. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006
Oct;106(10):1624-30

Blum JE, Davee AM, Beaudoin CM, Jenkins PL, Kaley LA, Wigand DA.
(2008) Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has
a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school
youth. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Nov-Dec;40(6):341-7

Huffman L, West DS. (2007) Readiness to change sugar sweetened beverage
intake among college students. Eat Behav. 2007 Jan;8(1):10-4. Epub 2006
May 30.

Blum JW, Jacobsen DJ, Donnelly JE (2005) Beverage consumption patterns
in elementary school aged children across a two-year period. J Am Coll
Nutr. 2005 Apr;24(2):93-8.

Effect on Consumption of More Whole Grains
Burgess-Champoux TL, Chan HW, Rosen R, Marquart L, Reicks M. (2008)
Healthy whole-grain choices for children and parents: a multi-component
school-based pilot intervention. Public Health Nutr. 2008 Aug;11(8):849-59.
Epub 2007 Dec 7.

Effect on Portion Size
Hartstein J, Cullen KW, Reynolds KD, Harrell J, Resnicow K, Kennel P;
STOPP T2D Prevention Study Group. (2008) Impact of portion-size control
for school a la carte items: changes in kilocalories and macronutrients
purchased by middle school students. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008
Jan;108(1):140-4.

Kelley E, Ashley B, Getlinger MJ, Nitzke S. (2008) A lesson on "how much
should I eat?" helps learners understand and apply MyPyramid
recommendations. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Mar-Apr;40(2):116-7.

Effect on Lower Salt Consumption
Nandha B, Krishnamoorthy K. (2007) School-based health education
campaign--a potential tool for social mobilization to promote the use of
DEC-fortified salt towards elimination of lymphatic filariasis. Health Educ
Res. 2007 Aug;22(4):539-46. Epub 2006 Oct 11.

Yokota K, Harada M, Wakabayashi Y, Inagawa M, Oshima M, Toriumi S,
Hirose K, Shiina Y, Yamagishi K, Renshe C, Ikeda A, Yao M, Noda H,
Tanigawa T, Tanaka S, Kurokawa M, Imano H, Kiyama M, Kitamura A,
Sato S, Shimamoto T, Iso H. (2006) [Evaluation of a community-based
health education program for salt reduction through media
campaigns]Ecological strategies to promote healthy body image among
children. J Sch Health. 2008 Jul;78(7):359-67

Yoshida T, Kouda K, Nakamura H, Nishio N. (2008) Taste development
from health education among schoolchildren: a two-year intervention study.
J Physiol Anthropol. 2008 Jan;27(1):1-5.
Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2006 Aug;53(8):543-53. Japanese

Evans RR, Roy J, Geiger BF, Werner KA, Burnett D. (2008)

Effect on School Meal, Snack Preparation Habits and
Skills

Effect on Food Shopping Habits and Skills
                                                                               Draft November 29-09



Effects on Water Consumption
Laurence S, Peterken R, Burns C. (2007) Fresh Kids: the efficacy of a
Health Promoting Schools approach to increasing consumption of fruit and
water in Australia.
Health Promot Int. 2007 Sep;22(3):218-26. Epub 2007 Jun 20.


Effects on Food Safety, Food Handling Skills

Effects on Prevention of Food Allergies Incidents
LeBovidge JS, Timmons K, Rich C, Rosenstock A, Fowler K, Strauch H,
Kalish LA, Schneider LC. (2008) Evaluation of a group intervention for
children with food allergy and their parents. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.
2008 Aug;101(2):160-5.

Imai T. (2005) Provision against food allergy in the school lunch program in
Japan] Arerugi. 2005 Oct;54(10):1197-202. Japanese.

Rosecrans AM, Gittelsohn J, Ho LS, Harris SB, Naqshbandi M, Sharma S.
(2008) Process evaluation of a multi-institutional community-based program
for diabetes prevention among First Nations. Health Educ Res. 2008
Apr;23(2):272-86. Epub 2007 Jul 16

Young MC, Muñoz-Furlong A, Sicherer SH. (2009) Management of food
allergies in schools: a perspective for allergists. J Allergy Clin Immunol.
2009 Aug;124(2):175-82, 182.e1-4; quiz 183-4. Epub 2009 Jun 3. Review

Rous T, Hunt A. (2004) Governing peanuts: the regulation of the social
bodies of children and the risks of food allergies. Soc Sci Med. 2004
Feb;58(4):825-36

Effects of Diet on Cancer

Ammerman, A., Lindquist, C., Hersey, J., et al. (2001). The efficacy of
interventions to modify dietary behaviour related to cancer risk. Evidence
Report/Technology Assessment No. 25: AHRQ.
http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcix.htm

Effects of Gender-based Programs
Neumark-Sztainer D, Flattum CF, Story M, Feldman S, Petrich CA. (2008)
Dietary approaches to healthy weight management for adolescents: the New
Moves model. Adolesc Med State Art Rev. 2008 Dec;19(3):421-30, viii.
Review

Effects of Ethnic/Faith-based Programs
Effect on Other Special Needs (Athletes, Vegetarians, etc) Reading KJ,
McCargar LJ, Marriage BJ. (1999) Adolescent and Young Adult Male
Hockey Players: Nutrition Knowledge and Education. Can J Diet Pract Res.
1999 Summer;60(3):166-169.

Effects of Diet and Healthy Eating On Learning
Florence MD, Asbridge M, Veugelers, PJ (2008) Diet Quality and Academic
Performance Journal of School Health 78 (4) , 209–215 doi:10.1111/j.1746-
1561.2008.00288.x (Educational achievement and school effectiveness)

Shilts MK, Lamp C, Horowitz M, Townsend MS. (2009) Pilot study: EatFit
impacts sixth graders' academic performance on achievement of
mathematics and english education standards. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2009 Mar-
Apr;41(2):127-31
                                                                                                                            Draft November 29-09




E. Evidence-based Single Interventions/Programs This sub-section examines single intervention programs in five
areas with various aspects; policy (school board, other agencies), instruction (curriculum, educational materials and
methods, teacher training, etc), health and other services (screening, early identification, school clinics, access to
youth friendly services, case coordination and referrals etc); social support (parent involvement, peer programs,
working with local media, working with social media etc), phtsical environment (school grounds, facilities,
transportation etc)

                          Research                                                                  Reports & Resources

E-1 Policy Interventions
Foster GD, Sherman S, Borradaile KE, Grundy KM, Vander          The School Food Sales and Policies Provincial Report
Veur SS, Nachmani J, Karpyn A, Kumanyika S, Shults J.           Examines the status of food sales in BC schools. (BC Health Ministry)
(2008) A policy-based school intervention to prevent
overweight and obesity. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr;121(4):e794-       Consistent national school food guidelines needed for healthier children Position paper.
802.                                                            (Dietitians of Canada)
Cullen KW, Watson K, Zakeri I, Ralston K. (2006)                Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Report on US School Nutrition Policies, 2006
Exploring changes in middle-school student lunch
consumption after local school food service policy              Nutrition Guidelines for Schools by Public Health Nutritionists of Saskatchewan Research
modifications. Public Health Nutr. 2006 Sep;9(6):814-20.        Centre.
US Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.       Une nouvelle politique fut adopte au Québec qui limite la consommation des produits néfaste
Children‘s diet in the mid-1990s: dietary intake and its        afin d‘améliorer la nutrition des élèves dans les écoles.
relationship with school meal participation. 2001.              http://www.infobourg.com/sections/chemises/afficheChemise.php?idChemise=33&id=10094
NGA Center for Best Practices. Issue brief: preventing          Since the spring of 2003, the School Healthy Eating Policy Project (an initiative of the PEI
obesity in youth through school-based efforts. National         Healthy Eating Alliance) has worked with the three school boards of Prince Edward Island to
Governors Association. February 4, 2003.                        develop healthy eating policies using a consultative process. PEI School Nutrition Policies
                                                                for elementary (Grades 1-6) and consolidated (Grades 1-8) schools now exist in all three
Simone A. French, PhD, Mary Story, PhD, Jayne A.                school boards.
Fulkerson, PhD and Anne Faricy Gerlach, MPH, RD
(2005) Food Environment in Secondary Schools: À La              The Dietitians of Canada developed School Food and Nutrition Recommendations for the
Carte, Vending Machines, and Food Policies and Practices        Ontario Ministry of Education Regarding Snacks and Beverages Dispensed by Vending
July 2003, Vol 93, No. 7 | American Journal of Public           Machines which accompanied this Policy and Program Memorandum The Ontario Ministry
Health 1161-1168                                                of Education‘s Healthy Schools plan includes policy direction on daily physical activity,
                                                                healthy foods and beverages in elementary school vending machines, anaphylaxis,
Gary D. Foster, Sandy Sherman, Kelley E. Borradaile,            Community Use of Schools, swimming survival programs, health and physical education
Karen M. Grundy, Stephanie S. Vander Veur, Joan                 curriculum and a high school cardiopulmonary resuscitation program.
Nachmani, Allison Karpyn, Shiriki Kumanyika, Justine
Shults, (2008) A Policy-Based School Intervention to
Prevent Overweight and Obesity, PEDIATRICS Vol. 121                        The Dietitians of BC have created a draft document entitled Tips and Recipes for
No. 4 April 2008, pp. e794-e802 (doi:10.1542/peds.2007-                     School Food Services: Meeting the Guidelines for Food and Beverage Sales in
1365)                                                                       BC Schools. http://healthyeatingatschool.ca/wp-
                                                                            content/uploads/TipsRecipes_Sep08.pdf This new resource has been created to
Mary L. Mckenna (2007) Issues in Implementing: School                       assist people who prepare food for sale to students in implementing the
Nutrition Policies, Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and               Guidelines. It includes tips on how to choose healthy recipes, substitutions to
Research, Volume 64, Number 4 / Winter 2003                                 make favourite recipes healthier and a selection of recipes that meet the
                                                                            Guidelines. If you would like to provide feedback on its suitability you can
Claudia Probart Elaine McDonnell, Terryl Hartman J. Elaine                  complete the questionnaire in the resource.
Weirich Lisa Bailey-Davis (2006) Factors Associated with
the Offering and Sale of Competitive Foods and School                      Dial-A-Dietitian isa free nutrition information line for British Columbians
Lunch Participation, Journal of the American Dietetic                       funded by the B.C. Ministry of Health. Dial-A-Dietitian specializes in easy-
Association Volume 106, Issue 2, February 2006, Pages                       to-use nutrition information for self-care, based on current scientific
242-247                                                                     sources
                                                                           Manitoba School Nutrition Information Line helps school communities with
Klazine van der Horst, Anna Timperio, David Crawford,                       guidelines and policies? Call 1-888-547-0535 toll free (MB only) to get
Rebecca Roberts, Johannes Brug, Anke Oenema (2008) The                      assistance from the school nutrition support team.
School Food Environment: Associations with Adolescent                      Center for Weight and Health, University of California, Berkeley. (2007).
Soft Drink and Snack Consumption, American Journal of                       Dollars and sense: The financial impact of selling healthier school foods.
Preventive Medicine, Volume 35, Issue 3, September 2008,                    Retrieved January 21, 2008 from
Pages 217-223                                                               http://www.cnr.berkeley.edu/cwh/PDFs/Dollars_and_Sense_FINAL_3.07.pdf
Karen W. Cullen, Jill Hartstein, Kim D. Reynolds Maihan                    Healthy Fundraising for Schools guide from BC:
Vu, Ken Resnicow, Natasha Greene, Mamie A. White                            http://www.dashbc.org/upload/Healthy%20Fundraising.pdf
(2007) Improving the School Food Environment: Results
from a Pilot Study in Middle Schools, Journal of the
American Dietetic Association Volume 107, Issue 3,
March 2007, Pages 484-489
                                                                  Draft November 29-09


Meenakshi M. Fernandes (2008) The Effect of Soft Drink
Availability in Elementary Schools on Consumption, Journal
of the American Dietetic Association Volume 108, Issue 9,
September 2008, Pages 1445-1452

Buscher, L.A., Martin, K.A., Crocker, S. (2001). Point-of-
purchase messages framed in terms of cost, convenience,
taste and energy improve healthful snack selection in a
college foodservice setting. Journal of the American Dietetic
Association, 101(8), 909-913.

French, S.A., Story, M., Jeffery, R.W., Snyder, P.,Eisenberg,
M., Sidebottom, A., et al. (1997). Pricing strategy to
promote fruit and vegetable purchase in high school
cafeterias. Journal of the American Dietetic Association,
97(9), 1008-1010.

Jeffery, R.W., French, S.A., Raether, C., Baxter, J.E. (1994).
An environmental intervention to increase fruit and salad
purchases in a cafeteria. Preventive Medicine, 23, 788-792

French SA, Wechsler H.(2004) School-based research and
initiatives: fruit and vegetable environment, policy, and
pricing workshop. Prev Med. 2004 Sep;39 Suppl 2:S101-7.

Schmid TL, Pratt M, Howze E, 1995, "Policy as
Intervention: Environmental and Policy Approaches to the
Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease", American Journal of
Public Health, 85:1207-1211. 208-213 (2007)

Sherry JS. (2008) An evaluation of elementary school
nutrition practices and policies in a southern Illinois county.
J Sch Nurs. 2008 Aug;24(4):222-8.

Mâsse LC, Frosh MM, Chriqui JF, Yaroch AL, Agurs-
Collins T, Blanck HM, Atienza AA, McKenna ML, Igoe JF.
(2007) Development of a School Nutrition-Environment
State Policy Classification System (SNESPCS). Am J Prev
Med. 2007 Oct;33(4 Suppl):S277-91

French SA, Wechsler H (2004) School-based research and
initiatives: fruit and vegetable environment, policy, and
pricing workshop. Prev Med. 2004 Sep;39 Suppl 2:S101-7.
Review.

Metos J, Nanney MS. (2007) The strength of school
wellness policies: one state's experience. J Sch Health. 2007
Sep;77(7):367-72.

Walton M, Pearce J, Day P. (2009) Examining the
interaction between food outlets and outdoor food
advertisements with primary school food environments.
Health Place. 2009 Sep;15(3):811-8. Epub 2009 Feb 14

Whatley Blum JE, Davee AM, Devore RL, Beaudoin CM,
Jenkins PL, Kaley LA, Wigand DA. (2007) Implementation
of low-fat, low-sugar, and portion-controlled nutrition
guidelines in competitive food venues of Maine public high
schools. J Sch Health. 2007 Dec;77(10):687-93.

Wharton CM, Long M, Schwartz MB. (2008) Changing
nutrition standards in schools: the emerging impact on
school revenue. J Sch Health. 2008 May;78(5):245-51.
Review.

Finkelstein DM, Hill EL, Whitaker RC. (2008) School food
environments and policies in US public schools. Pediatrics.
2008 Jul;122(1):e251-9.

Wechsler H, Brener ND, Kuester S, Miller C. (2001) Food
service and foods and beverages available at school: results
from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2000. J
Sch Health. 2001 Sep;71(7):313-24.
                                                                                                                           Draft November 29-09


Malone SK. (2005) Improving the quality of students'
dietary intake in the school setting. J Sch Nurs. 2005
Apr;21(2):70-6. Review.

Snelling AM, Korba C, Burkey A. (2007) The national
school lunch and competitive food offerings and purchasing
behaviors of high school students. J Sch Health. 2007
Dec;77(10):701-5.

Rideout K, Levy-Milne R, Martin C, Ostry AS. (20070 Food
sales outlets, food availability, and the extent of nutrition
policy implementation in schools in British Columbia. Can J
Public Health. 2007 Jul-Aug;98(4):246-50

Hercberg S, Chat-Yung S, Chaulia M. (2008) The French
National Nutrition and Health Program: 2001-2006-2010.
Int J Public Health. 2008;53(2):68-77.

Izumi BT, Rostant OS, Moss MJ, Hamm MW. (2006)
Results from the 2004 Michigan Farm-to-School Survey. J
Sch Health. 2006 May;76(5):169-74.

Richards R, Darling H, Reeder AI. (2005) Sponsorship and
fund-raising in New Zealand schools: implications for
health. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2005 Aug;29(4):331-6.

Serrano E, Kowaleska A, Hosig K, Fuller C, Fellin L,
Wigand V. (2007) Status and goals of local school wellness
policies in Virginia: a response to the child nutrition and
WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007
Mar-Apr;39(2):95-100.

Howell Davies O, Suleiman S, Nicholas J, Bradbury J,
Msebele S, Prior G, Hall L, Wreford S, Jarvis L, McGee A,
Poulter J, Nelson M. (2008) Food portion weights in primary
and secondary school lunches in England. J Hum Nutr Diet.
2008 Feb;21(1):46-62.

Cooke L, Sangster J, Eccleston P. (2007) Improving the
food provided and food safety practices in out-of-school-
hours services. Health Promot J Austr. 2007 Apr;18(1):33-8

Maddock J, Maglione C, Barnett JD, Cabot C, Jackson S,
Reger-Nash B.(2007) Statewide implementation of the 1%
or Less Campaign. Health Educ Behav. 2007
Dec;34(6):953-63. Epub 2006 Dec 15
                                                                CASH and several other organizations have published a lesson plan gateway and student
E-2 Instructional Interventions (Focus on                       webquests on nutrition education.
general as well as specific skills, specific functional
knowledge, normative beliefs, teacher skills, support for      The [Mission Nutrition] program from the Dietitains of Canada supports teachers with
instruction, better scope/sequence of curricula)               credible curriculum-based resources, easy-to-use lesson plans, and fun student activities.
                                                               Freggie Tales (Bilingual): Provides children with the opportunity to learn about fruits and
Fahlman MM, Dake JA, McCaughtry N, Martin J. (2008) A vegetables in a fun and exciting manner Virtual grocery store Canadian Diabetes Association
pilot study to examine the effects of a nutrition intervention The Teach Nutrition web site, published by the Dairy Farmers of Ontario has several
on nutrition knowledge, behaviors, and efficacy expectations nutrition education programs, each with several lesson plans, for teachers.
in middle school children. J Sch Health. 2008                  Discover Healthy Eating! A Teacher's Resource for Grades 1-8
Apr;78(4):216-22.                                              (http://www.peelregion.ca/health/eating/htmfiles/healthy-eating.htm) Is an elementary school
                                                               teacher targeted resource that supports the (ON) healthy eating component of the Healthy
Contento I, Balch G I, Bronner Y L, Lytle L A, Maloney S Living Strand in the Ontario Curriculum, Grades 1-8: Health and Physical Education
K, Olson C M, Swadener S S.The effectiveness of nutrition (1998). It contains background information, glossaries, activities and handouts specific to
education and implications for nutrition education policy,     each grade level. It was developed in cooperation with three southern ON Health
programs, and research: a review of research.Journal of        Departments.
Nutrition Education1995;27(6):277-418
                                                                Virtual Kitchen The Dietitians of Canada have published a A virtual kitchen revealing
Perez-Rodrigo, C. & Aranceta, J. (2001). School-based           interesting nutrition facts about the foods.
nutrition education: Lessons learned and new perspectives.
[Review] [73 refs]. Public Health Nutrition, 4, 131-139.        Healthy Eating Resources for Yukon Schools -, the Recreation and Parks Association for the
                                                                Yukon is offering teachers healthy eating resources as well as training and support by a
Perez-Rodrigo, C. & Aranceta, J. (2003). Nutrition              registered dietitian.
education in schools: Experiences and challenges. European
Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(9), 582.                 Teacher training workshops on a new healthy eating curriculum resource package Alberta
                                                           Healthy Eating Resources for Teachers ; Amazing Little Cookbook for Kids and Moving
Moore JB, Pawloski LR, Goldberg P, Kyeung MO, Stoehr       Towards a Healthy U — a personal Logbook (a tool for parents and teachers).
                                                                                                                   Draft November 29-09


A, Baghi H. (2009) Childhood obesity study: a pilot study of
the effect of the nutrition education program Color My       The Menu of Choices Secondary School Resource was developed as part of an OPHEA
Pyramid. J Sch Nurs. 2009 Jun;25(3):230-9. Epub 2009 Apr Initiative. Two additional curriculum supplements for Ophea's School Nutrition Initiative
10.                                                          Menu of Choices Secondary School Resource have been developed for Family Studies and
                                                             Business Studies and are nowavailable for free download.
Olson CM, Devine CM, Frongillo EA Jr. (1993)
Dissemination and use of a school-based nutrition education Discover Healthy Eatingis a Grade 1-8 curriculum support resource developed by
program for secondary school students. J Sch Health. 1993 Toronto Public Health, York Region Health Services and Region of Peel Health
Oct;63(8):343-8.                                             Department This curriculum support resource offers a choice of teaching activities
                                                             that correspond to the Health and Physical Education Curriculum (1998).
Rossiter M, Glanville T, Taylor J, Blum I. (2007) School
food practices of prospective teachers. J Sch Health. 2007   Smiling Within: a curriculum linked resource created by local nutritionists and the
Dec;77(10):694-700.                                          Nutrition Education Resource Centre at Acadia University in Nova Scotia, is
                                                             intended for teachers and peer educators working with students between grades
Kozłowska-Wojciechowska M, Uramowska-Zyto B, Jarosz primary to 6. This user-friendly guide allows teachers to introduce/supplement body
A, Makarewicz-Wujec M. (2002) [Impact of of school           image and healthy lifestyle information (i.e. healthy eating and physically active
children's nutrition education program on the knowledge and living) in class without additional searching for information and lesson planning.
nutritional behavior of their parents] Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig.
2002;53(3):253-8. Polish                                     Healthy Eating Alliance of PEI produces a list of curriculum resource and school-based
                                                             materials and ideas to promote healthy eating in school.
Matvienko O. (2007) Impact of a nutrition education
curriculum on snack choices of children ages six and seven Drop the Pop is a NWT program to reduce the sale of sugary drinks in schools.
years. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 Sep-Oct;39(5):281-5.
                                                             Dairy Farmers of Canada is active across Canada in the areas of school nutrition
Kreisel K. (2004) Evaluation of a computer-based nutrition by way of producing curriculum support materials, Web-related support, teacher
education tool. Public Health Nutr. 2004 Apr;7(2):271-7      training, conducting scientific research, advising on school-related health policies
                                                             and programs, offering school and nutrition related reports and literature reviews
McVey G, Gusella J, Tweed S, Ferrari M. (2009) A             and coordinating school milk programs. Activities vary per jurisdictions. In
controlled evaluation of web-based training for teachers and partnership with local University research teams, conduct research with students to
public health practitioners on the prevention of eating      describe eating and physical activity patterns. (Alberta and Ontario). There are two
disorders. Eat Disord. 2009 Jan-Feb;17(1):1-26.              reports pending that have been submitted to the Canadian Journal of Dietetic
                                                             Research and the Canadian Journal of Public Health. Act as support and catalyst to
Powers AR, Struempler BJ, Guarino A, Parmer SM. (2005) schools wishing to establish school milk programs and offer nutrition and health
Effects of a nutrition education program on the dietary      seminars and educational materials for parents. Offer recognition awards for
behavior and nutrition knowledge of second-grade and third- teachers & schools to support quality nutrition education. Also offer periodic
grade students. J Sch Health. 2005 Apr;75(4):129-33.         continuing education events in nutrition and health for those working within the
                                                             school health sector (B.C. Manitoba, Ontario).
Agozzino E, Esposito D, Genovese S, Manzi E, Russo
Krauss P. (2007) [Evaluation of the effectiveness of a       Several jurisdictions within DFC offer nutrition and health education resource
nutrition education intervention performed by primary        materials and supports, including the Dairy Farmers of Canada – Ontario who offer
school teachers] Ann Ig. 2007 Jul-Aug;19(4):315-24. Italian a series of curriculum matched, evaluated resources and workshop opportunities for
                                                             Ontario schools. Links to the other PT jurisdictions of DFC are available through
Fraser J, Alexander C, Simpkins B, Temperley J. (2003)       ‘educational resources’ .
Health career promotion in the New England area of New
South Wales: a program to support high school career         Eating + Activity Tracker
advisers. Aust J Rural Health. 2003 Aug;11(4):199-204.       Online tool to track daily eating and physical activity (Dietitians of Canada)

Gordon LV, Haynes DK. (1982) Parental participation in
nutrition education homework. J Am Diet Assoc. 1982
Oct;81(4):445-8.

Little JC, Perry DR, Volpe SL. (2002) Effect of nutrition
supplement education on nutrition supplement knowledge
among high school students from a low-income community.
J Community Health. 2002 Dec;27(6):433-50

Kulik TB, Wrońska I. (2001) Education on rational nutrition
of elementary school children in the city of Lublin. Ann
Univ Mariae Curie Sklodowska Med. 2001;56:375-80.

Saladin G, Provencher HJ, Sévigny J, Desaulniers M. (1982)
[Evaluation of a nutrition education program in
kindergartens] Can J Public Health. 1982 Mar-Apr;73(2):95-
100. French.

Weiss EH, Kien CL. (1987) A synthesis of research on
nutrition education at the elementary school level. J Sch
Health. 1987 Jan;57(1):8-13. Review.

Brenowitz N, Tuttle CR. (2003) Development and testing of
a nutrition-teaching self-efficacy scale for elementary school
teachers. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2003 Nov-Dec;35(6):308-11.

Hawthorne KM, Moreland K, Griffin IJ, Abrams SA. (2006)
                                                                Draft November 29-09


An educational program enhances food label understanding
of young adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006
Jun;106(6):913-6.

Savige GS. (2005) E-learning: a nutritionally ripe
environment. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun;26(2 Suppl 2):S230-
4. Review.

Abdel Gawwad ES, Fetohy EM, Fiala L, Al Orf SM, Al Saif
M. (2006) Impact evaluation of nutrition education
intervention for an elementary school in riyadh city. J Egypt
Public Health Assoc. 2006;81(1-2):75-97

Struempler BJ, Raby A. (2005) Pizza Please: an interactive
nutrition evaluation for second and third grade students. J
Nutr Educ Behav. 2005 Mar-Apr;37(2):94-5. No abstract
available.

E-3 Health, Nutrition, School Food and
Other Services Interventions
Kubik MY, Story M, Rieland G. (2007) Developing school-
based BMI screening and parent notification programs:
findings from focus groups with parents of elementary
school students. Health Educ Behav. 2007 Aug;34(4):622-
33. Epub 2006 May 31.

Raizman DJ, Montgomery DH, Osganian SK, Ebzery MK,
Evans MA, Nicklas TA, Zive MM, Hann BJ, Snyder MP,
Clesi AL. (1994) CATCH: food service program process
evaluation in a multicenter trial. Health Educ Q. 1994;Suppl
2:S51-71

Harris CV, Neal WA. (2009) Assessing BMI in West
Virginia schools: parent perspectives and the influence of
context. Pediatrics. 2009 Sep;124 Suppl 1:S63-72

Bankhead C, Brett J, Bukach C, Webster P, Stewart-Brown
S, Austoker J. The impact of screening on future health
promoting behaviours and health beliefs: a systematic
review. HTA 2003;7:no 42.

Caldera D, Burrell L, Rodriguez K, Crowne SS, Rohde C,
Duggan A. (2007) Impact of a statewide home visiting
program on parenting and on child health and development.
Child Abuse Negl. 2007 Aug;31(8):829-52. Epub 2007 Sep
5.

Northrup KL, Cottrell LA, Wittberg RA. (2008) L.I.F.E.: a
school-based heart-health screening and intervention
program. J Sch Nurs. 2008 Feb;24(1):28-35. Review.

Resnicow K, Cross D, Lacosse J, Nichols P. (1993)
Evaluation of a school-site cardiovascular risk factor
screening intervention. Prev Med. 1993 Nov;22(6):838-56.

Demerath E, Muratova V, Spangler E, Li J, Minor V, Neal
W. School-based obesity screening in rural Appalachia.
Preventive Medicine. 2003 Dec; 37(6 Pt 1): 553-60.

Carrel AL, Clark RR, Peterson SE, Nemeth BA, Sullivan J,
Allen DB. Improvement of fitness, body composition, and
insulin sensitivity in overweight children in a school-based
exercise program: a randomized, controlled study. Arch
Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Oct; 159(10):996-7.

Brosnan CA, Upchurch SL, Meininger JC, Hester LE,
Johnson G, Elissa MA. Student nurses participate in public
health research and practice through a school-based
screening program. Public Health Nursing. 2005 May-
Jun;22(3):260-6.

A systematic review of the routine monitoring of growth in
children of primary school age to identify growth-related
                                                               Draft November 29-09


conditions (2007)

Jasaitis A, 1997, "School-based health clinics: the role for
nutrition", Journal of American Dietetic Association,
Oct;97(10 Suppl 2):S117-119

Resnicow K, Cross D, Lacosse J, Nichols P. (1993)
Evaluation of a school-site cardiovascular risk factor
screening intervention. Prev Med. 1993 Nov;22(6):838-56.

Abood DA, Black DR, Coster DC. (2008) Evaluation of a
school-based teen obesity prevention minimal intervention. J
Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 May-Jun;40(3):168-74

E-4 Social Support Interventions (See also
School Nutrition Activities)
Janosz, M., Georges, P., Parent, S. (1998). L‘environnement
éducatif à l‘école secondaire : un modèle théorique pour
guider l‘évaluation du milieu. Revue Canadienne de
Psycholo-Éducation, 27(2), 285-306. (Review)

Haines J, Neumark-Sztainer D, Perry CL, Hannan PJ,
Levine MP. (2006) V.I.K. (Very Important Kids): a school-
based program designed to reduce teasing and unhealthy
weight-control behaviors. Health Educ Res. 2006
Dec;21(6):884-95. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

Jordan KC, Erickson ED, Cox R, Carlson EC, Heap E,
Friedrichs M, Moyer-Mileur LJ, Shen S, Mihalopoulos NL.
(2008) Evaluation of the Gold Medal Schools program. J
Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Nov;108(11):1916-20.

DeBar LL, Schneider M, Ford EG, Hernandez AE, Showell
B, Drews KL, Moe EL, Gillis B, Jessup AN, Stadler DD,
White M; HEALTHY Study Group. (2009) Social
marketing-based communications to integrate and support
the HEALTHY study intervention. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009
Aug;33 Suppl 4:S52-9.

Valaitis R, O'Mara L. (2005) Enabling youth participation in
school-based computer-supported community development
in Canada. Health Promot Int. 2005 Sep;20(3):260-8. Epub
2005 Mar 11.

Krukowski RA, West DS, Siddiqui NJ, Bursac Z, Phillips
MM, Raczynski JM. (2008) No change in weight-based
teasing when school-based obesity policies are implemented.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Oct;162(10):936-42

Haines J, Neumark-Sztainer D, Morris B. (2008) Theater as
a behavior change strategy: qualitative findings from a
school-based intervention. Eat Disord. 2008 May-
Jun;16(3):241-54.

Fridrici M, Beyer A, Lohaus A. (2008) [Getting through to
adolescents "online". The use of web-based programs for
stress-prevention in youth] Prax Kinderpsychol
Kinderpsychiatr. 2008;57(1):39-59. German

Smith SC, Kalina L. (2004) Evaluation of the Kids' Shop
Smart tour. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2004 Spring;65(1):10-4.

Folta SC, Goldberg JP, Economos C, Bell R, Landers S,
Hyatt R. (2006) Assessing the use of school public address
systems to deliver nutrition messages to children: Shape up
Somerville--audio adventures. J Sch Health. 2006
Nov;76(9):459-64; quiz 482-4

He M, Callaghan C, Evans A, Mandich G. (2009) Healthy
eating champions award for elementary schools. Can J Diet
Pract Res. 2009 Summer;70(2):101-4.

Mellanby AR, Rees JB, Tripp JH. (2000) Peer-led and adult-
                                                                 Draft November 29-09


led school health education: a critical review of available
comparative research. Health Educ Res. 2000
Oct;15(5):533-45. Review.

Kelder S, Hoelscher DM, Barroso CS, Walker JL, Cribb P,
Hu S. (2005) The CATCH Kids Club: a pilot after-school
study for improving elementary students' nutrition and
physical activity. Public Health Nutr. 2005 Apr;8(2):133-40.

Bisset SL, Potvin L, Daniel M, Paquette M. (2008)
Assessing the impact of the primary school-based nutrition
intervention Petits cuistots--parents en réseaux. Can J Public
Health. 2008 Mar-Apr;99(2):107-13.

Story M, Lytle LA, Birnbaum AS, Perry CL. (2002) Peer-
led, school-based nutrition education for young adolescents:
feasibility and process evaluation of the TEENS study. J Sch
Health. 2002 Mar;72(3):121-7.

Buller DB, Morrill C, Taren D, Aickin M, Sennott-Miller L,
Buller MK, Larkey L, Alatorre C, Wentzel TM. (1999)
Randomized trial testing the effect of peer education at
increasing fruit and vegetable intake. J Natl Cancer Inst.
1999 Sep 1;91(17):1491-50

Ellis RM, Ellis RC. (2007) Impact of a traffic light nutrition
tool in a primary school. J R Soc Promot Health. 2007
Jan;127(1):13-21.

Bergen D, Yeh MC. (2006) Effects of energy-content labels
and motivational posters on sales of sugar-sweetened
beverages: stimulating sales of diet drinks among adults
study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Nov;106(11):1866-9

Dawson J, Dwyer JJ, Evers S, Sheeshka J. (2006) Eat smart!
Workplace Cafeteria Program evaluation of the nutrition
component. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006 Summer;67(2):85-
90.

Parental Involvement: Informing, Educating, Involving,
Supporting Parents

Nader PR, Sellers DE, Johnson CC, Perry CL, Stone EJ,
Cook KC, Bebchuk J, Luepker RV. (1996) The effect of
adult participation in a school-based family intervention to
improve Children's diet and physical activity: the Child and
Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. Prev Med. 1996
Jul-Aug;25(4):455-64

Evans AE, Dave J, Tanner A, Duhe S, Condrasky M, Wilson
D, Griffin S, Palmer M, Evans M. (2006) Changing the
home nutrition environment: effects of a nutrition and media
literacy pilot intervention. Fam Community Health. 2006
Jan-Mar;29(1):43-54. Harrington KF, Franklin FA, Davies
SL, Shewchuk RM, Binns MB. (2005) Implementation of a
family intervention to increase fruit and vegetable intake:
the Hi5+ experience. Health Promot Pract. 2005
Apr;6(2):180-9. Petchers MK, Hirsch EZ, Bloch BA.
(1987)The impact of parent participation on the
effectiveness of a heart health curriculum. Health Educ Q.
1987 Winter;14(4):449-60. Garcia-Dominic O, Wray LA,
Treviño RP, Hernandez AE, Yin Z, Ulbrecht JS. (2009)
Identifying Barriers That Hinder Onsite Parental
Involvement in a School-Based Health Promotion Program.
Health Promot Pract. 2009 Apr 1. [Epub ahead of print] Bert
SC, Farris JR, Borkowski JG. (2008) Parent training:
implementation strategies for adventures in parenting. J
Prim Prev. 2008 May;29(3):243-61. McLennan JD, Leon T,
Haffey S, Barker LA. (2009) Exporting a Canadian
parenting education program to the Dominican Republic.
Public Health Nurs. 2009 Mar-Apr;26(2):183-91. Larijani
B, Fakhrzadeh H, Hamidi A, Heshmat R, Pourebrahim R.
(2007) Household cardiovascular health education. A
school-based approach. Saudi Med J. 2007 Apr;28(4):643-5.
                                                                  Draft November 29-09


Crockett SJ, Mullis R, Perry CL, Luepker RV. (1989) Parent
education in youth-directed nutrition Interventions. Prev
Med. 1989 Jul;18(4):475-91. Review.Renaud L, Mannoni C.
(1997) [Study of parental participation in curricular and
extracurricular activities] Can J Public Health. 1997 May-
Jun;88(3):184-91. French.

Perry CL, Luepker RV, Murray DM, Kurth C, Mullis R,
Crockett S, Jacobs DR Jr. (1988) Parent involvement with
children's health promotion: the Minnesota Home Team. Am
J Public Health. 1988 Sep;78(9):1156-60.

Kozłowska-Wojciechowska M, Uramowska-Zyto B, Jarosz
A, Makarewicz-Wujec M. (2002) [Impact of of school
children's nutrition education program on the knowledge and
nutritional behavior of their parents] Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig.
2002;53(3):253-8. Polish

Renaud L, Mannoni C. (1997) [Study of parental
participation in curricular and extracurricular activities] Can
J Public Health. 1997 May-Jun;88(3):184-91. French.

Perry CL, Luepker RV, Murray DM, Kurth C, Mullis R,
Crockett S, Jacobs DR Jr. (1988) Parent involvement with
children's health promotion: the Minnesota Home Team.

Nader PR, Sellers DE, Johnson CC, Perry CL, Stone EJ,
Cook KC, Bebchuk J, Luepker RV. (1996) The effect of
adult participation in a school-based family intervention to
improve Children's diet and physical activity: the Child and
Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. Prev Med. 1996
Jul-Aug;25(4):455-64

Am J Public Health. 1988 Sep;78(9):1156-60. Heinrichs N,
Bertram H, Kuschel A, Hahlweg K. (2005) Parent
recruitment and retention in a universal prevention program
for child behavior and emotional problems: barriers to
research and program participation. Prev Sci. 2005
Dec;6(4):275-86

Price SM, Huhman M, Potter LD. (2008) Influencing the
parents of children aged 9-13 years: findings from the
VERB campaign. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Jun;34(6
Suppl):S267-74.

Murphy M, Polivka B. (2007) Parental perceptions of the
schools' role in addressing childhood obesity.
J Sch Nurs. 2007 Feb;23(1):40-6

Horne PJ, Hardman CA, Lowe CF, Tapper K, Le Noury
J, Madden P, Patel P, Doody M.(2009) Increasing parental
provision and children's consumption of lunchbox fruit and
vegetables in Ireland: the Food Dudes intervention

Pearson N, Biddle SJ, Gorely T.(2009) Family correlates
of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and
adolescents: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr. 2009
Feb;12(2):267-83. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

Boutelle KN, Birkeland RW, Hannan PJ, Story M,
Neumark-Sztainer D (2007) Associations between maternal
concern for healthful eating and maternal eating behaviors,
home food availability, and adolescent eating behaviors. J
Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 Sep-Oct;39(5):248-56.

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;63(5):613-8. Epub 2008 May
21.Petchers MK, Hirsch EZ, Bloch BA, 1987, "The impact
of parent participation on the effectiveness of a heart health
curriculum", Health Education Quarterly, Winter;14(4):449-
60

Karcher MJ. (2008) The study of mentoring in the learning
environment (SMILE): a randomized evaluation of the
effectiveness of school-based mentoring. Prev Sci. 2008
                                                                                                               Draft November 29-09


Jun;9(2):99-113. Epub 2008 Feb 23.




Special Events/School Activities
Kelley E, Ashley B, Getlinger MJ, Nitzke S. (2008) A
lesson on "how much should I eat?" helps learners
understand and apply MyPyramid recommendations. J Nutr
Educ Behav. 2008 Mar-Apr;40(2):116-7.



Perry CL, Zauner M, Oakes JM, Taylor G, Bishop DB.
(2002) Evaluation of a theater production about eating
behavior of children. J Sch Health. 2002 Aug;72(6):256-61.


E-5 Physical Environment Interventions
(Including interventions that provide practical resources
such as transportation, meals, etc)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluation of a
fruit and vegetable distribution program—Mississippi,
2004-05 school year. MMWR-Morbidity & Mortality Weekly
Report. 55(35): 957-61, 2006 Sep 8.

Olds , "Vending Machines: Effect on Student Snacking
Attitudes/Behaviors", 1988, Journal of Nutrition Education,
20(2)


F Use of Evidenced-based Implementation Strategies and Diffusion Research
This sub-section examines the use of research-based implementation strategies drawn from health promotion (eg
PRECEDE planning model) or education (eg Concerns-based Adoption Model). We also looked for references and
resources that described the use of "local mechanisms" such as training champions or truly engaging staff. As well,
we looked to items that examined "local drivers" of change/resistance such provincial directives, local incidents or
local personalities/relationships.

                                  Research                                                       Reports & Resources

F-1 Use of Evidence-based Planned Implementation
Models

Intervention Mapping
Hoelscher DM, Evans A, Parcel GS, Kelder SH. (2002) Designing effective
nutrition interventions for adolescents.

J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Mar;102(3 Suppl):S52-63. Review. Reinaerts EB, de
Nooijer J, de Vries NK. (2007) Fruit and vegetable distribution program
versus a multicomponent program to increase fruit and vegetable         Practice-based Evidence in Nutrition [PEN] - Dietitians of Canada is
consumption: which should be recommended for implementation? J Sch      currently developing a new service for members and other health
Health. 2007 Dec;77(10):679-86.                                         professionals that will provide ready access to evidence-based
                                                                        practice guidance, tools and resources designed around knowledge
                                                                        pathways. A priority topic for the initial launch will be on obesity
Planning Tools such as PRECEDE-PROCEED                                  prevention and management.



Practical Aspects of Implementation


Local Drivers of Implementation (Incidents,
Personalities, Relationships etc)
                                                                                                                              Draft November 29-09




F-2 Use of Diffusion and Education Change
Knowledge/Theory
Levine E, Olander C, Lefebvre C, Cusick P, Biesiadecki L, McGoldrick D.
(2002) The Team Nutrition pilot study: lessons learned from implementing a
comprehensive school-based intervention. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2002 Mar-
Apr;34(2):109-16.

Franks A, Kelder SH, Dino GA, Horn KA, Gortmaker SL, Wiecha JL,
Simoes EJ. (2007) School-based programs: lessons learned from CATCH,
Planet Health, and Not-On-Tobacco. Prev Chronic Dis. 2007 Apr;4(2):A33.
Epub 2007 Mar 15.

Olson AL, Seidler AB, Goodman D, Gaelic S, Nordgren R. (2004) School
professionals' perceptions about the impact of chronic illness in the
classroom. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jan;158(1):53-8

Graham H, Zidenberg-Cherr S. (2005) California teachers perceive school
gardens as an effective nutritional tool to promote healthful eating habits. J
Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Nov;105(11):1797-800

Parcel, G.S., Perry, C.L., Kelder, S.H., Elder, J.P., Mitchell, P.D., Lytle, L.
A., Johnson, C.C., and Stone, E.J. (2003). School climate and the
institutionalization of the CATCH Program. Health Education and
Behavior, 30 (4), August.
                                                                                  The Institute of Nutrition, Metabolism and Diabetes (INMD) is one of the 13
Gittelsohn J, Merkle S, Story M, Stone EJ, Steckler A, Noel J, Davis S,           virtual institutes that make up the CIHR.INMD was designed to link
Martin CJ, Ethelbah B. (2003) School climate and implementation of the            researchers, scientists, community groups, and individuals from around the
Pathways study. Prev Med. 2003 Dec;37(6 Pt 2):S97-106.                            world who share an interest in enhancing health in relation to diet, digestion,
                                                                                  excretion, and metabolism.
Cho H, Nadow MZ. (2004) Understanding barriers to implementing quality
lunch and nutrition education. J Community Health. 2004 Oct;29(5):421-35          Effectiveness of Physical Activity Enhancement and Obesity Prevention
                                                                                  Programs in Children and Youth The purpose of this Health Canada funded
Mauriello LM, Driskell MM, Sherman KJ, Johnson SS, Prochaska JM,                  systematic literature review is to provide some national policy direction
Prochaska JO. (2006) Acceptability of a school-based intervention for the         related to the effectiveness of interventions for promoting healthy weight,
prevention of adolescent obesity. J Sch Nurs. 2006 Oct;22(5):269-77               preventing overweight/obesity and increasing physical activity among
                                                                                  school aged children and youth.
Davis M, Baranowski T, Resnicow K, Baranowski J, Doyle C, Smith M,
Wang DT, Yaroch A, Hebert D. (2000) Gimme 5 fruit and vegetables for fun          Health Canada coordinated the development of a special supplement to the
and health: process evaluation. Health Educ Behav. 2000 Apr;27(2):167-76          Canadian Journal of Public Health (CJPH), Understanding the Forces That
Lim YP. (2008) Sharing Singapore's experience in dietetic practice and            Influence Our Eating Habits: What We Know and Need to Know,which was
school nutrition programmes. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:361-4.         released in June 2005. One of the topics focused on the determinants of
Review. Cohall AT, Cohall R, Dye B, Dini S, Vaughan RD, Coots S. (2007)           healthy eating related to ―children and youth‖, providing a synthesis of the
Overheard in the halls: what adolescents are saying, and what teachers are        literature and recommendations on appropriate research needed to fill
hearing, about health issues. J Sch Health. 2007 Sep;77(7):344-50. Erratum        evidence gaps.
in: J Sch Health. 2007 Nov;77(9):644. Molina BS, Smith BH, Pelham WE
Jr. (2005) Development of a school-wide behavior program in a public
middle school: an illustration of deployment-focused intervention
development, stage 1. J Atten Disord. 2005 Aug;9(1):333-42. Huhman M,
Bauman A, Bowles HR. (2008) Initial outcomes of the VERB campaign:
tweens' awareness and understanding of campaign messages. Am J Prev
Med. 2008 Jun;34(6 Suppl):S241-8 Naylor PJ, Macdonald HM, Zebedee JA,
Reed KE, McKay HA. (2006) Lessons learned from Action Schools! BC--an
'active school' model to promote physical activity in elementary schools. J
Sci Med Sport. 2006 Oct;9(5):413-23. Epub 2006 Aug 1. Kool B, Thomas
D, Moore D, Anderson A, Bennetts P, Earp K, Dawson D, Treadwell N.
(2008) Innovation and effectiveness: changing the scope of school nurses in
New Zealand secondary schools. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2008
Apr;32(2):177-80 Kalafat J, Illback RJ, Sanders D Jr. (2007) The
relationship between implementation fidelity and educational outcomes in a
school-based family support program: development of a model for
evaluating multidimensional full-service programs. Eval Program Plann.
2007 May;30(2):136-48. Epub 2007 Jan 26. Reynolds KD, Buller DB,
Yaroch AL, Maloy JA, Cutter GR. (2006) Mediation of a middle school skin
cancer prevention program. Health Psychol. 2006 Sep;25(5):616-25. Renaud
L, Chevalier S, Dufour R, O"Loughlin J, Beaudet N, Bourgeois A, Ouellet
D, 1997, "Evaluation of the implementation of an educational curriculum:
optimal intervention for the adoption of an educational program of health in
elementary schools", Canadian Journal of Public Health, Sep-Oct;88(5):351-
3.
                                                                                                                          Draft November 29-09


Olson CM, Devine CM, Frongillo EA Jr. (1993) Dissemination and use of a
school-based nutrition education program for secondary school students. J
Sch Health. 1993 Oct;63(8):343-8.

Rossiter M, Glanville T, Taylor J, Blum I. (2007) School food practices of
prospective teachers. J Sch Health. 2007 Dec;77(10):694-700.

Reynolds KD, Franklin FA, Leviton LC, Maloy J, Harrington KF, Yaroch
AL, Person S, Jester P. (2000) Methods, results, and lessons learned from
process evaluation of the high 5 school-based nutrition intervention. Health
Educ Behav. 2000 Apr;27(2):177-86.

Vecchiarelli S, Takayanagi S, Neumann C. (2006) Students' perceptions of
the impact of nutrition policies on dietary behaviors. J Sch Health. 2006
Dec;76(10):525-31; quiz 540-2

Murphy M, Polivka B. (2007) Parental perceptions of the schools' role in
addressing childhood obesity.
J Sch Nurs. 2007 Feb;23(1):40-6

Wilson LF. (2007) Adolescents' attitudes about obesity and what they want
in obesity prevention programs. J Sch Nurs. 2007 Aug;23(4):229-38.

Aldinger C, Zhang XW, Liu LQ, Guo JX, Yu Sen Hai, Jones J. (2008)
Strategies for implementing Health-Promoting Schools in a province in
China. Promot Educ. 2008;15(1):24-9.


F-3 Use of Capacity Building and Continuous Improvement Strategies to Build Sustainability
This sub-section also examines system, agency, school and professional capacity in areas such as coordinated
policy, mechanisms for cooperation, assigning staff to coordination, regular monitoring and reporting, workforce
development, planning for sustainability and strategic management of issues.

                                  Research                                                                 Reports & Resources

Worsley A. (2005) Children's healthful eating: from research to practice.
Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun;26(2 Suppl 2):S135-43. Review.

Perry CL, Sellers DE, Johnson C, Pedersen S, Bachman KJ, Parcel GS,
Stone EJ, Luepker RV, Wu M, Nader PR, Cook K. (1997) The Child and
Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH): intervention,              The Newfoundland survey on active healthy schools: an assessment tool
implementation, and feasibility for elementary schools in the United States.   covering physical activity and nutrition in schools. See:
Health Educ Behav. 1997 Dec;24(6):716-35.                                      www.lsb.ca/PR/Healthy%20Schools%20Needs%20Assessment.pdf
                                                                               Manitoba recently conducted a 2006 survey of school nutrition policies.
Hoelscher DM, Feldman HA, Johnson CC, Lytle LA, Osganian SK, Parcel
GS, Kelder SH, Stone EJ, Nader PR. (2004) School-based health education        British Columbia The School Food Sales and Policies Provincial Report
programs can be maintained over time: results from the CATCH                   [127KB] examines the status of food sales in BC schools;
Institutionalization study. Prev Med. 2004 May;38(5):594-606.
                                                                               The Department of Health and PEI Healthy Eating Alliance are currently
Lytle LA, Ward J, Nader PR, Pedersen S, Williston BJ. (2003) Maintenance       finalizing success indicators for the policy development work including such
of a health promotion program in elementary schools: results from the          indicators as: - % schools adhering to specific elements in regulations (e.g.
CATCH-ON study key informant interviews. Health Educ Behav. 2003               providing 20 minutes for lunch); - % schools providing only foods from
Aug;30(4):503-18.                                                              ―Foods to Serve Most Often‖ or ―Foods to Serve Sometimes‖ lists in policy
                                                                               regulations. - % students consuming healthy/less healthy choices at lunch. -
Contento IR. (2008) Nutrition education: linking research, theory, and         Use of CCHS data to assess changes in BMI; - Qualitative assessment of
practice. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:176-9. Review Pérez-           policy acceptance and adherence.
Rodrigo C, Aranceta J. (2003) Nutrition education in schools: experiences
and challenges. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1:S82-5. Review.            The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) Cycle 2.2 on Nutrition, a
O'Rourke TW. (1995) Creating capacity: a research agenda for school health     joint initiative between Statistics Canada and Health Canada, will provide
education. J Sch Health. 1995 Jan;65(1):33-7. Roberts-Gray C, Gingiss PM,      population level nutrition data on Canadians of all ages.
Boerm M. (2007) Evaluating school capacity to implement new programs.
Eval Program Plann. 2007 Aug;30(3):247-57. Epub 2007 Apr 19 Inchley J,         The Canadian Institute of Health Research is funding an initiative to provide
Muldoon J, Currie C. (2007) Becoming a health promoting school:                an enhanced opportunity for expert analysis of CCHS data, including one
evaluating the process of effective implementation in Scotland. Health         theme focused on the analysis of nutrient and food intake of Canadian
Promot Int. 2007 Mar;22(1):65-71. Epub 2006 Dec 18 Hoyle TB, Samek             children in relation to chronic disease.
BB, Valois RF. (2008) Building capacity for the continuous improvement of
health-promoting schools. J Sch Health. 2008 Jan;78(1):1-8. Smith BJ,
Potts-Datema W, Nolte AE. (2005) Challenges in teacher preparation for
school health education and promotion. Promot Educ. 2005;12(3-4):162-4.
Hawe P, Stickney EK. (1997) Developing the effectiveness of an
intersectoral food policy coalition through formative evaluation. Health
                                                                                 Draft November 29-09


Educ Res. 1997 Jun;12(2):213-25 Alfonso ML, Nickelson J, Hogeboom DL,
French J, Bryant CA, McDermott RJ, Baldwin JA. (2008) Assessing local
capacity for health intervention. Eval Program Plann. 2008 May;31(2):145-
59. Epub 2008 Jan 24. Levine J, Gussow JD. (1999) Nutrition professionals'
knowledge of and attitudes toward the food industry's education and
marketing programs in elementary schools. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999
Aug;99(8):973-6. Contento IR, Koch PA, Lee H, Sauberli W, Calabrese-
Barton A. (2007) Enhancing personal agency and competence in eating and
moving: formative evaluation of a middle school curriculum--Choice,
Control, and Change. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 Sep-Oct;39(5 Suppl):S179-
86. Webber LS, Johnson CC, Rose D, Rice JC. (2007) Development of
ACTION! Wellness Program for Elementary School Personnel. Obesity
(Silver Spring). 2007 Nov;15 Suppl 1:48S-56S Heath EM, Coleman KJ.
(20020 Evaluation of the institutionalization of the coordinated approach to
child health (CATCH) in a U.S./Mexico border community. Health Educ
Behav. 2002 Aug;29(4):444-60 Bere E, Veierød MB, Bjelland M, Klepp KI.
(2006) Free school fruit--sustained effect 1 year later. Health Educ Res.
2006 Apr;21(2):268-75. Epub 2005 Oct 11. Kirchofer G, Telljohann SK,
Price JH, Dake JA, Ritchie M. (2007) Elementary school parents'/guardians'
perceptions of school health service personnel and the services they provide.
J Sch Health. 2007 Nov;77(9):607-14; quiz 645-6. McCullum-Gomez C,
Barroso CS, Hoelscher DM, Ward JL, Kelder SH. (2006) Factors
influencing implementation of the Coordinated Approach to Child Health
(CATCH) Eat Smart School Nutrition Program in Texas. J Am Diet Assoc.
2006 Dec;106(12):2039-44. Dickin KL, Dollahite JS, Habicht JP. (2005)
Nutrition behavior change among EFNEP participants is higher at sites that
are well managed and whose front-line nutrition educators value the
program. J Nutr. 2005 Sep;135(9):2199-205. Bisset S, Potvin L. (2007)
Expanding our conceptualization of program implementation: lessons from
the genealogy of a school-based nutrition program. Health Educ Res. 2007
Oct;22(5):737-46. Epub 2006 Dec 2 McLeod PJ, Brawer J, Steinert Y,
Chalk C, McLeod A. (2008) A pilot study designed to acquaint medical
educators with basic pedagogic principles. Med Teach. 2008 Feb;30(1):92-3.
Marx E, Hudson N, Deal TB, Pateman B, Middleton K. (2007) Promoting
health literacy through the health education assessment project. J Sch Health.
2007 Apr;77(4):157-63. Singh AS, Chinapaw MJ, Brug J, van Mechelen W.
(2009) Process evaluation of a school-based weight gain prevention
program: the Dutch Obesity Intervention in Teenagers (DOiT). Health Educ
Res. 2009 Oct;24(5):772-7. Epub 2009 Mar 20 Garcia-Dominic O, Wray
LA, Treviño RP, Hernandez AE, Yin Z, Ulbrecht JS. (2009) Identifying
Barriers That Hinder Onsite Parental Involvement in a School-Based Health
Promotion Program. Health Promot Pract. 2009 Apr 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Whatley Blum JE, Davee AM, Devore RL, Beaudoin CM, Jenkins PL,
Kaley LA, Wigand DA. (2007) Implementation of low-fat, low-sugar, and
portion-controlled nutrition guidelines in competitive food venues of Maine
public high schools. J Sch Health. 2007 Dec;77(10):687-93. Dwyer JJ,
Vavaroutsos D, Lutterman A, Hier M, Hughes M, Makarchuk MJ. (2006)
Empowerment evaluation in redesigning a public health unit nutrition
program. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006 Spring;67(1):36-40. Scarborough P,
Rayner M, Stockley L, Black A. (2007) Nutrition professionals' perception
of the 'healthiness' of individual foods. Public Health Nutr. 2007
Apr;10(4):346-53. Santerre CR. (2005) X-train: teaching professionals
remotely. J Nutr. 2005 May;135(5):1248-52 Arbeit ML, Serpas DC,
Johnson CC, Forcier JE, Berenson GS. (1991) The implementation of a
cardiovascular school health promotion program: utilization and impact of a
school health advisory committee: the Heart Smart program. Health Educ
Res. 1991 Dec;6(4):423-30.

Parcel GS, Perry CL, Kelder SH, Elder JP, Mitchell PD, Lytle LA, Johnson
CC, Stone EJ. (2003) School climate and the institutionalization of the
CATCH program. Health Educ Behav. 2003 Aug;30(4):489-502.
Jones SE, Costello S. (2008) The contribution of community parent advisors
to improving health in school communities in a primary care trust in
northern England. J Clin Nurs. 2008 Aug;17(16):2232-4. No abstract
available.

McVey G, Gusella J, Tweed S, Ferrari M. (2009) A controlled evaluation of
web-based training for teachers and public health practitioners on the
prevention of eating disorders. Eat Disord. 2009 Jan-Feb;17(1):1-26.

Kubik MY, Lytle LA, Hannan PJ, Story M, Perry CL. (2002) Food-related
beliefs, eating behavior, and classroom food practices of middle school
teachers. J Sch Health. 2002 Oct;72(8):339-45.
                                                                                 Draft November 29-09


Tanaka H, Ishikawa M, Adachi M. (2008) [Processes of sharing issues
among participating groups in the form of a food and nutrition education
network: the case of the "S Network"] Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2008
Mar;55(3):147-55. Japanese.

Heinrichs N, Bertram H, Kuschel A, Hahlweg K. (2005) Parent recruitment
and retention in a universal prevention program for child behavior and
emotional problems: barriers to research and program participation. Prev
Sci. 2005 Dec;6(4):275-86

Sherwood-Puzzello CM, Miller M, Lohrmann D, Gregory P. (2007)
Implementation of CDC's School Health Index in 3 midwest middle schools:
motivation for change. J Sch Health. 2007 Aug;77(6):285-93.

Schmitz Bde A, Recine E, Cardoso GT, da Silva JR, Amorim NF, Bernardon
R, Rodrigues Mde L. (2008) [Promotion of healthy eating habits by schools:
a methodological proposal for training courses for educators and school
cafeteria owners] Cad Saude Publica. 2008;24 Suppl 2:S312-22. Portuguese

Thibault I, Marquis M.(2006) [Nutrition education in schools] Can J Diet
Pract Res. 2006 Winter;67(4):202-5. French.

Olson CM, Devine CM, Frongillo EA Jr.(1993) Dissemination and use of
a school-based nutrition education program for secondary school students. J
Sch Health. 1993 Oct;63(8):343-8.

Hausman AJ, Ruzek SB (1995) Implementation of comprehensive school
health education in elementary schools: focus on teacher concerns. J Sch
Health. 1995 Mar;65(3):81-6. Review.

Gingiss PL.(1992) Enhancing program implementation and maintenance
through a multiphase approach to peer-based staff development. J Sch
Health. 1992 May;62(5):161-6. Review.

Pérez-Rodrigo C, Aranceta J (2003) Nutrition education in schools:
experiences and challenges. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1:S82-5.
Review.

Gingiss PL.(1993) Peer coaching: building collegial support for using
innovative health programs. J Sch Health. 1993 Feb;63(2):79-85. Review.

Han SS, Weiss B (2005) Sustainability of teacher implementation of school-
based mental health programs. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2005
Dec;33(6):665-79. Review.

Dusenbury L, Brannigan R, Falco M, Hansen WB.(2003) A review of
research on fidelity of implementation: implications for drug abuse
prevention in school settings.Health Educ Res. 2003 Apr;18(2):237-56.
Review.

Orwin RG.(2000) Assessing program fidelity in substance abuse health
services research. Addiction. 2000 Nov;95 Suppl 3:S309-27. Review.

Cahill HW.(2007) Challenges in adopting evidence-based school drug
education programmes. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2007 Nov;26(6):673-9. Review.

Elliott DS, Mihalic S.(2004) Issues in disseminating and replicating effective
prevention programs. Prev Sci. 2004 Mar;5(1):47-53. Review.

Dane AV, Schneider BH (1998) Program integrity in primary and early
secondary prevention: are implementation effects out of control? Clin
Psychol Rev. 1998 Jan;18(1):23-45. Review.

Hawkins JD, Abbott R, Catalano RF, Gillmore MR. (1991) Assessing
effectiveness of drug abuse prevention: implementation issues relevant to
long-term effects and replication. NIDA Res Monogr. 1991;107:195-212.
Review

Pérez-Rodrigo C, Aranceta J. (2003) Nutrition education in schools:
experiences and challenges. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1:S82-5.
Review
Han, S., & Weiss, B. (2005). Sustainability of teacher implementation of
school-based mental health programs. Journal of Abnormal Child
Psychology, 33(6), 665-679
                                                                                     Draft November 29-09


Nove, T. (2002). Reorienting health services with capacity building: A case
study of the core skills in health promotion project. Health Promotion
International, Dec;17(4), 341-350.

Johnson, K., Hays, C., Daley, C., & Hayden Center. (2004). Building
capacity and sustainable prevention innovations: A sustainability planning
model. Evaluation and Program Planning, 27, 135-149

Swisher, J.D. (2000). Sustainability of prevention. Addictive Behaviors, 25,
965-973

Bond, L., Glover, S., Godfrey, C., Butler, H., & Patton, G.C. (2001).
Building capacity for system-level change in schools: Lessons from the
gatehouse project. Health Education and Behavior, 28(3), 368-383

Inchley, J., Muldoon, J., & Currie, C. (2007). Becoming a health promoting
school: Evaluating the process of effective implementation in Scotland.
Health Promotion International, 22(1), 65-71

Adams, J.D. (1988). Creating critical mass to support change, The OD
Practitioner, 29(2)

Dressendorfer, R. H., Raine, K., Dyck, R. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Collins-
Nakai, R. L., McLaughlin, W. K. et al. (2005). A conceptual model of
community capacity development for heart health promotion in the Alberta
Heart Health Project. Health Promotion Practice, Jan;6(1), 31-36

Dusenbury, L., Brannigan, R., Hansen, W.B., Walsh, J., Falco, M. (2005).
Quality of implementation: Developing measures crucial to understanding
the diffusion of preventive interventions. Health Education Research, 20(3),
308-313.

Earl, L., Fullan, M. (2003). Using data in leadership for learning. Cambridge
Journal of Education, Nov;33 (3), 384-394

Ebbesen, L.S., Health, S., Naylor, P.J., Anderson, D. (2004). Issues in
measuring health promotion capacity in Canada: A multi-province
perspective. Health Promotional International, 19(1), 85-94

Edge, K. (2005). Powerful public sector knowledge management: A school
district example. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(6), 42-52

Germann, K., Wilson, D. (2004). Organizational capacity for community
development in regional health authorities: A conceptual model. Health
Promotion International, Sep;19(3), 289-298

Hawe, P., Noort, M., King, L., Jordens, C. (1997). Multiplying health gains:
The capital role of capacity building with health promotion programs.
Health Policy, 39, 29-42.

Hord, S.M. (1997). Professional Learning Communities: Communities of
Continuous Inquiry and Improvement. Austin, Texas: Southwest Educational
Development Laboratory.

Ottoson, J.M., Streib, G., Thomas, J.C., Rivera, M., Stevenson, B. (2004).
Evaluation of the National School Health Coordinator Leadership Institute.
Journal of School Health, 74(5), 170-176.

Pluye, P., Potvin, L., Denis, J. L., Pelletier, J. (2004). Program sustainability:
Focus on organizational routines. Health Promotion International,
Dec;19(4), 489-500

Senge, P. (1990). The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning
Organization. Currency Doubleday.

Swerissen, H., Crisp, B.R. (2004). The sustainability of health promotion
interventions for different levels of social organizations. Health Promotion
International, 19(1), 123-130.

American Dietetic Association, 1991, "Position of the American Dietetic
Association: nutrition education of health professionals", Journal of
American Dietetic Association, May;91(5):611-3.
                                                                                                                            Draft November 29-09


O'Toole TP, Anderson S, Miller C, Guthrie J. (2007) Nutrition services and
foods and beverages available at school: results from the School Health
Policies and Programs Study 2006. J Sch Health. 2007 Oct;77(8):500-21.

Kubik MY, Lytle LA, Hannan PJ, Story M, Perry CL. (2002) Food-related
beliefs, eating behavior, and classroom food practices of middle school
teachers. J Sch Health. 2002 Oct;72(8):339-45.

Thibault I, Marquis M.(2006) [Nutrition education in schools] Can J Diet
Pract Res. 2006 Winter;67(4):202-5. French.
Olson CM, Devine CM, Frongillo EA Jr.(1993) Dissemination and use of
a school-based nutrition education program for secondary school students. J
Sch Health. 1993 Oct;63(8):343-8.

Hausman AJ, Ruzek SB (1995) Implementation of comprehensive school
health education in elementary schools: focus on teacher concerns. J Sch
Health. 1995 Mar;65(3):81-6. Review.

Gingiss PL.(1992) Enhancing program implementation and maintenance
through a multiphase approach to peer-based staff development. J Sch
Health. 1992 May;62(5):161-6. Review.

Pérez-Rodrigo C, Aranceta J (2003) Nutrition education in schools:
experiences and challenges. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;57 Suppl 1:S82-5.
Review.

Gingiss PL.(1993) Peer coaching: building collegial support for using
innovative health programs. J Sch Health. 1993 Feb;63(2):79-85. Review.

Han SS, Weiss B (2005) Sustainability of teacher implementation of school-
based mental health programs.

Dusenbury L, Brannigan R, Falco M, Hansen WB.(2003) A review of
research on fidelity of implementation: implications for drug abuse
prevention in school settings.

Orwin RG.(2000) Assessing program fidelity in substance abuse health
services research. Addiction. 2000 Nov;95 Suppl 3:S309-27. Review.

Cahill HW.(2007) Challenges in adopting evidence-based school drug
education programmes. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2007 Nov;26(6):673-9. Review.

Elliott DS, Mihalic S.(2004) Issues in disseminating and replicating effective
prevention programs. Prev Sci. 2004 Mar;5(1):47-53. Review.

Dane AV, Schneider BH (1998) Program integrity in primary and early
secondary prevention: are implementation effects out of control? Clin
Psychol Rev. 1998 Jan;18(1):23-45. Review.

Hawkins JD, Abbott R, Catalano RF, Gillmore MR. (1991) Assessing
effectiveness of drug abuse prevention: implementation issues relevant to
long-term effects and replication. NIDA Res Monogr. 1991;107:195-212.
Review
J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2005 Dec;33(6):665-79. Review.

Health Educ Res. 2003 Apr;18(2):237-56. Review.

Steinert Y, Boillat M, Meterissian S, Liben S, McLeod PJ. (2008)
Developing successful workshops: a workshop for educators. Med Teach.
2008;30(3):328-30

Wicklander MK. (2006) Implementing and evaluating the National Healthy
School Program in England. J Sch Nurs. 2006 Oct;22(5):250-8. Review.


F-4 Consideration of Local Context
We also looked to adaptations to local community contexts or higher risk populations.

                                  Research                                                                  Reports & Resources
Shea S, Basch CE, Wechsler H, Lantigua R, 1996, "The Washington                  BREAKFAST FOR LEARNING Policy Paper on Child Nutrition
Heights-Inwood Healthy Heart Program: a 6-year report from a                     Presents rational for school meal programs. (Breakfast for Learning)
disadvantaged urban setting", American Journal of Public Health,
Feb;86(2):166-71.                                                                What is the relationship between child nutrition and school outcomes?
                                                                                                                         Draft November 29-09


                                                                               Summarizes research on effects of school breakfast programs. (Breakfast for
Hyndman B, (2000) Feeding the Mind, Ottawa: Breakfast for Learning,            Learning)
February 2000
                                                                               The Nunavut Food Guide which is culturally appropriate and
Gore CJ, Owen N, Pederson D, Clarke A. (1996) Educational and                  acknowledges the reality of the Inuit diet which combines Inuit foods,
environmental interventions for cardiovascular health promotion in socially    such as bone marrow for calcium, fat for vitamin A, and food available
disadvantaged primary schools. Aust N Z J Public Health. 1996                  at the market. The food guide was developed collaboratively with the
Apr;20(2):188-94.                                                              Government of Nunavut and various Inuit and community groups

Paradis G, O'Loughlin J, Elliott M, Masson P, Renaud L, Sacks-Silver G,        Programs and Resources from PHAC Best Practices Portal
Lampron G. (1995) Coeur en santé St-Henri--a heart health promotion
programme in a low income, low education neighbourhood in Montreal,
Canada: theoretical model and early field experience. J Epidemiol                        Bienestar
Community Health. 1995 Oct;49(5):503-12.                                                 GEMS
Bauer KW, Patel A, Prokop LA, Austin SB.(2006) Swimming upstream:                        Cooking Fun for Families
faculty and staff members from urban middle schools in low-income                        Hip Hop to Health Jr.
communities describe their experience implementing nutrition and physical                Obesity Prevention for Preschool Native-American Children,
activity initiatives. Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 Apr;3(2):A37. Epub 2006 Mar
15.                                                                                      Pima Pride
                                                                                         Obesity: the prevention, identification, assessment and
Macaulay AC, Paradis G, Potvin L, Cross EJ, Saad-Haddad C, McComber                       management of overweight and obesity in adults and children,
A, Desrosiers S, Kirby R, Montour LT, Lamping DL, Leduc N, Rivard M.
(1997) The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: intervention,
                                                                                         Pathways,Culture Counts
evaluation, and baseline results of a diabetes primary prevention program                Interventions to Address/Reduce Health Inequalities and Public
with a native community in Canada. Prev Med. 1997 Nov-Dec;26(6):779-90.                   Health Interventions - Chief Public Health Office Report 2008,
                                                                                          Chapter 4/5. Public Health Agency of Canada
Tsey K, Whiteside M, Daly S, Deemal A, Gibson T, Cadet-James Y, Wilson
A, Santhanam R, Haswell-Elkins MR. (2005) Adapting the 'family          Child nourishment programs run to varying degrees in all P/T jurisdictions,
wellbeing' empowerment program to the needs of remote indigenous school more often in partnership and with the financial support of Breakfast For
children. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2005 Apr;29(2):112-6                Learning. The following provides highlights:
Davis SM, Clay T, Smyth M, Gittelsohn J, Arviso V, Flint-Wagner H, Rock
BH, Brice RA, Metcalfe L, Stewart D, Vu M, Stone EJ. (2003) Pathways                     Nutritional Grants in British Columbia are available for
curriculum and family interventions to promote healthful eating and physical              breakfast and snack programs. DASH, in partnership with
activity in American Indian schoolchildren. Prev Med. 2003 Dec;37(6 Pt                    Breakfast for Learning, administers these grants.
2):S24-34.
                                                                                         The BC School Fruit and Vegetable Snack Pilot Program was
Martens MK, Van Assema P, Paulussen TG, Van Breukelen G, Brug J.                          launched in September 2005. The goal of the program is to
(2008) Krachtvoer: effect evaluation of a Dutch healthful diet promotion                  provide twice-weekly BC fruit or vegetable snacks to elementary
curriculum for lower vocational schools. Public Health Nutr. 2008                         school students, as well as information to teachers, students and
Mar;11(3):271-8. Epub 2007 Jul 3                                                          their families to increase awareness and consumption of BC
                                                                                          fruits and vegetables. Currently, ten schools receive free fruit
Little JC, Perry DR, Volpe SL. (2002) Effect of nutrition supplement                      and vegetables. An evaluation team is conducting a full
education on nutrition supplement knowledge among high school students                    evaluation of the pilot.
from a low-income community. J Community Health. 2002 Dec;27(6):433-                     Yukon Food for Learning in partnership with Breakfast for
50                                                                                        Learning and the YK Department of Health and Social Services
                                                                                          provides child nourishment programs in all Yukon schools.
O'Brien M. (2008) School meals for better nutrition and bone health. J Fam
Health Care. 2008;18(3):103-5
                                                                                         Breakfast for Learning program in Alberta currently funds 243
                                                                                          schools for breakfast, lunch and/or snack programs which help
                                                                                          feed over 10 000 Alberta children healthy meals and snacks
Marquis S, Thomson C, Murray A. (2001) Assisting people with a low
                                                                                          daily.
income to start and maintain their own community kitchens. Can J Diet Pract
Res. 2001 Fall;62(3):130-2.                                                              The NWT Food First Foundation (FFF) is the territorial
                                                                                          coalition that works closely with, and funds a part time
Stroink ML, Nelson CH. (2009) Aboriginal health learning in the forest and                coordinator through Breakfast for Learning. This group is
cultivated gardens: building a nutritious and sustainable food system. J                  currently working on the development of a website, and uses an
Agromedicine. 2009;14(2):263-9.                                                           allocation of funding from Breakfast for Learning to fund
                                                                                          schools in the NWT and Nunavut. The NWT FFF consists of
Engler-Stringer R, Berenbaum S. (2006) Food and nutrition-related learning                representatives such as nutritionists, Parent Advisory Councils,
in collective kitchens in three Canadian cities. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2006               the Salvation Army and the Women‘s Centre. Most of the
Winter;67(4):178-83                                                                       members are located in Yellowknife at this time. This group is
                                                                                          also interested in supporting schools in the development of
Engler-Stringer R, Berenbaum S. (2007) Exploring food security with                       school food policies. The NWT FFF currently funds schools for
collective kitchens participants in three Canadian cities. Qual Health Res.               breakfast, lunch and/or snack programs, fundraises, and
2007 Jan;17(1):75-84                                                                      conducts advocacy work with Members of the Legislative
                                                                                          Assembly to raise awareness of the nutritional needs of children.
Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V. (2007) Realist review to                       In Manitoba child nourishment related activities include:
understand the efficacy of school feeding programmes. BMJ. 2007 Oct                       Breakfast for Learning encourages and funds breakfast clubs
27;335(7625):858-61. Epub 2007 Oct 22. Review.                                            (MB has a part- time provincial coordinator). Kids in the
                                                                                          Kitchen programs run in some local schools
Gittelsohn J, Merkle S, Story M, Stone EJ, Steckler A, Noel J, Davis S,                   (http://www.youville.ca/english/links.html); workshops are
Martin CJ, Ethelbah B. (2003) School climate and implementation of the                    offered in the early stages of the programs and manuals available
Pathways study. Prev Med. 2003 Dec;37(6 Pt 2):S97-106.                                    for participants. There is no official host for the program now
                                                                                                                    Draft November 29-09


                                                                                     and information can be accessed on line. Schools throughout
Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V.Realist review to understand the            Manitoba organize School Milk Programs. The school organizes
efficacy of school feeding programmes.BMJ2007;335:858                                milk delivery with a local dairy driver and a teacher or often
                                                                                     parent volunteer co-ordinate activities in the school. Dairy
Dwyer JT, Hewes LV, Mitchell PD, Nicklas TA, Montgomery DH, Lytle                    Farmers provides a School Milk kit with activity ideas and
LA, Snyder MP, Zive MM, Bachman KJ, Rice R, Parcel GS. (1996)                        incentives that make milk drinking fun. Approximately 75% of
Improving school breakfasts: effects of the CATCH Eat Smart Program on               schools in MB offer their students milk programs.
the nutrient content of school breakfasts. Prev Med. 1996 Jul-                      The Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS)
Aug;25(4):413-22.                                                                    funds the Student Nutrition Programs. In October 2005, the
                                                                                     MCYS announced that the investment in student nutrition
Temple NJ, Steyn NP, Myburgh NG, Nel JH. (2006) Food items consumed                  programs would increase from $4.5 million to an investment of
by students attending schools in different socioeconomic areas in Cape               $8.5 million annually. It has also moved to a decentralized
Town, South Africa. Nutrition. 2006 Mar;22(3):252-8.                                 program model. In 2005 a Nutrition Guidelines Working Group
                                                                                     developed nutritional guidelines for the student nourishment
Townsend MS, Johns M, Shilts MK, Farfan-Ramirez L. (2006) Evaluation                 program to assist program providers in planning and delivering
of a USDA nutrition education program for low-income youth. J Nutr Educ              healthy snacks and meals.
Behav. 2006 Jan-Feb;38(1):30-41
                                                                                    5-10 a day – It’s the Healthy Way looks at promoting
Crone MR, Reijneveld SA, Willemsen MC, van Leerdam FJ, Spruijt RD,                   consumption of vegetables and fruit within communities and
Sing RA. (2003) Prevention of smoking in adolescents with lower education:           includes a healthy food grant program in middle schools in New
a school based intervention study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003                Brunswick. In addition, the New Brunswick Healthy Minds
Sep;57(9):675-80                                                                     School Nutritional Partnership Program provides funding to
                                                                                     elementary schools to use for a variety of child nourishment
                                                                                     related initiatives. A related report of interest on the Healthy
                                                                                     Minds Program: a review of the pilot program Oct 1999 - March
                                                                                     2000. The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and
                                                                                     Aquaculture, New Brunswick Farm Products commission runs a
                                                                                     subsidized milk program that is available to all NB schools.
                                                                                    In Nova Scotia there is new breakfast program funding that will
                                                                                     ensure that all children at the elementary level will have access
                                                                                     to breakfast before they start their school day. Nova Scotia
                                                                                     Health Promotion and the Department of Education are working
                                                                                     together with other partners including the Breakfast for Learning
                                                                                     Advisory Council to determine the most effective way to offer
                                                                                     this program. New funding is intended to assist, not replace,
                                                                                     existing support.
                                                                                    Kids Eat Smart Foundation Newfoundland and Labrador is a non
                                                                                     profit charitable organization established to foster the
                                                                                     development of sustainable nutritious food programs for school
                                                                                     children throughout the province. The government provides
                                                                                     financial support to school feeding programs so too does
                                                                                     Breakfast for Learning. Newfoundland and Labrador School
                                                                                     Milk Foundation offers a school milk program
                                                                                    Club des petit dejeuners du Quebec‘s (en anglais: Quebec
                                                                                     Breakfast Clubs) runs breakfast programs in elementary schools
                                                                                     in Quebec.



F-5 Consideration of Systems Thinking, Characteristics and Change
This includes in-depth analysis of issues such as teacher work life and sociology of teachers, school improvement
research, open, loosely-coupled, bureaucratic systems and more.

                                  Research                                                           Reports & Resources
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Health Index for
Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and a Tobacco-Free Lifestyle: A Self-
Assessment and Planning Guide. Middle school/High school version.
Atlanta, Georgia. 2002.

Cass Y, Price P, Rimes T. (2005) Finding the common ground: where health
and educational agendas meet--the School Health Incentive Program (SHIP)
grants scheme. Health Promot J Austr. 2005 Aug;16(2):134-7. Schwartz M,
Laughlin A (2008) Partnering with schools: a win-win experience. J Nurs
Educ. 2008 Jun;47(6):279-82. Review. Butler H, Bowes G, Drew S, Glover
S, Godfrey C, Patton G, Trafford L, Bond L. (2008) Harnessing Complexity:
Taking Advantage of Context and Relationships in Dissemination of School-
Based Interventions. Health Promot Pract. 2008 Mar 19. [Epub ahead of
print] Gross S, Cohen HA, Kahan E. (2006) Survey of parents, nurses, and
school principals on their perceptions of the controversial role of schools in
health promotion. Pediatr Int. 2006 Feb;48(1):44-7. Smith A, Coveney J,
Carter P, Jolley G, Laris P. (2004) The Eat Well SA project: an evaluation-
                                                                                Draft November 29-09


based case study in building capacity for promoting healthy eating. Health
Promot Int. 2004 Sep;19(3):327-34. Nollen NL, Befort CA, Snow P, Daley
CM, Ellerbeck EF, Ahluwalia JS. (2007) The school food environment and
adolescent obesity: qualitative insights from high school principals and food
service personnel. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2007 May 18;4:18 Leurs MT,
Bessems K, Schaalma HP, de Vries H. (2007) Focus points for school health
promotion improvements in Dutch primary schools. Health Educ Res. 2007
Feb;22(1):58-69. Epub 2006 Jun 9. Goh YY, Bogart LM, Sipple-Asher BK,
Uyeda K, Hawes-Dawson J, Olarita-Dhungana J, Ryan GW, Schuster MA.
(2009) Using community-based participatory research to identify potential
interventions to overcome barriers to adolescents' healthy eating and
physical activity. J Behav Med. 2009 Oct;32(5):491-502. Epub 2009 Jun 21
Simovska V. (2007) The changing meanings of participation in school-based
health education and health promotion: the participants' voices. Health Educ
Res. 2007 Dec;22(6):864-78. Epub 2007 Jun 25. Bresson JL. (2007)
[School-based nutrition programs and behaviour: what should we expect?]
Arch Pediatr. 2007 Jun;14(6):721. Epub 2007 Apr 6. French. No abstract
available. Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V. (2007) Realist review
to understand the efficacy of school feeding programmes. BMJ. 2007 Oct
27;335(7625):858-61. Epub 2007 Oct 22. Review. Wicklander MK. (2006)
Implementing and evaluating the National Healthy School Program in
England. J Sch Nurs. 2006 Oct;22(5):250-8. Review. Tuohy, D., Coghlan,
D. (1997). Development in schools: A systems approach based on
organizational levels. Educational Management & Administration, 25(1),
65-77.

Weijck, J. (1982). Administering education in loosely-coupled school. Phi
Delta Kappan, 63, 673-676.

Deschenes, M., Martin, C., Jomphe-Hill, A. (2003). Comprehensive
approaches to school health promotion. How to achieve broader
implementation. Health Promotion International, 18(4), 387-396.

Rowling, L., Jeffreys, V. (2006). Capturing complexity: Integrating health
and education research to inform health-promoting schools policy and
practice. Health Education Research, 21(5), 705-718.

Southwest Educational Development Laboratory. The Ecology of the School.
Retrieved 8/17, 2006 from http://www.sedl.org/change/school/ecology.html

Hausman, A. J., Ruzek, S. B. (1995). Implementation of comprehensive
school health education in elementary schools: Focus on teacher concerns.
Journal of School Health, Mar;65(3), 81-86

Stokols, D. (1996). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for
community health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10,
282-298.

Flannery, D.J., Torquati, J. (1993). An elementary school substance abuse
prevention program: Teacher and administrator perspectives. Journal of
Drug Education, 23(4), 387-397.

Schaafsma, H. (1997). A networking model of change for middle managers.
Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 18(1), 41-49.

Berryhill, J.C., & Prinz, R.J. (2003). Environmental interventions to enhance
student adjustment: Implications for prevention. Prevention Science, 4(2)

Payne, A.A., Gottfredson, D.C., & Gottfredson, G.D. (2006). School
predictors of the intensity of implementation of school-based prevention
programs: Results from a national study. Prevention Science, 7(2), 225-237

Alavi, S.B., McCormick, J. (2004). A cross-cultural analysis of the
effectiveness of the Learning Organization model in school contexts.
International Journal of Educational Management, 19(7), 408-416

Aldrich, H. E. (1971). Organizational boundaries and interorganizational
conflict. Human Relations, Aug;24(4), 279-293

American Association of School Administrators. (1999). Systems thinking:
Untangling the Gordian knots of systemic change. Strategies for School
System Leaders on District Level Change, 6(1).

Anderson, D., Plotnifoff, R.C., Raine, K., Cook, K. Smith, C., Barrett, L.
                                                                                 Draft November 29-09


(2004). Towards the development of scales to measure ‗will‘ to promote
heart health within health organizations in Canada. Health Promotion
International, 19(4), 471-81

Austin, S.B., Fung, T., Cohen-Bearak, A., Wardle, K., Cheung, L.W.Y.
(2006). Facilitating change in school health: A qualitative study of schools‘
experiences using the School Health Index. Preventing Chronic Disease.
Public Health Research, Practice and Policy. 3(2), 1-8.

Bellinger, G. (2004). Bureaucracy & Organizational Politics. Retrieved
6/25, 2006 from http://www.systems-thinking.org/bop/bop.htm

Boyd, W.L., Crowson R.L. (2002). The quest for a new hierarchy in
education: From loose coupling back to tight?Journal of Educational
Administration, 40(6), 521-533

Champagne, R., Leduc, N., Denis, J.L., Pineault, R. (1993). Organizational
and environmental determinants of the performance of public health units.
Soc Sci Med, 37(1), 85-95.

Church, A. H. (1994). The character of organizational communication: A
review and new conceptualization. The International Journal of
Organizational Analysis, Jan;2(1), 18-53.

Couglan, R. J. (1970). Social structure in relatively closed and open schools.
Educational Administration Quarterly, May;6(2), 14-35.

Davies, P., Coates, G. (2005). Competing conceptions and values in school
strategy: Rational planning and beyond. Educational Management
Administration & Leadership, 33(1), 109-124

Fusarelli, L.D. (2002). Tightly-coupled policy in loosely coupled system:
Institutional capacity and organizational change. Journal of Educational
Administration,40(6), 561-575.

Goldman, K. D. (1994). Perceptions of innovations as predictors of
implementation levels: The diffusion of a nationwide health education
campaign. Health Education Quarterly, Winter;21(4), 433-445.

Goodman, R.M., McLeroy, K.R., Steckler, A.B., Hoyle, R.H. (1993).
Development of level institutional scales for health promotion programs.
Health Education Quarterly, 29(2), 161.178

Goodman, R.M., Steckler, A.B., Kegler, M.C. (1996). Mobilizing
organizations for health enhancement: Theories of organizational change. In
K. Glanz, M.F. Lewis & B.K, Rimers (eds.), Health Behavior and Health
Education: Theory, Research and Practice (pp. 287-314). San Francisco:
Jossey-Bass

Jones, R. A., Jimmieson, N. L., Griffiths, A. (2005). The impact of
organizational culture and reshaping capabilities on change implementation
success: The mediating role of readiness for change. Journal of Management
Studies, Mar;42(2), 361-386.

Leischow, S.J., Milstein, B. (2006). Systems thinking and modeling for
public health practice. American Journal of Public Health, 96(3), 403-405.

Lortie, D.C. (2002). School Teacher: A Sociological Study. Chicago, IL:
University of Chicago Press.

Zeichner, K., Gore J. (1990). Teacher socialization in W.R. Houston (ed.)
Handbook of Research on Teacher Education, New York, NY: Macmillan.

Melia, K.M. (1998). Learning and working: The occupational socialization
of nurses. In Mackay, L., Soothill, K., Media, K. (eds.). Classic Texts in
Health Care. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Robinson S.E. (2004). Punctuated equilibrium, bureaucratization, and
budgetary changes in schools. Policy Studies Journal, 32(1), 25.

Schraeder, M., Tears, R.S., Jordan, M.H. (2005). Organizational culture in
public sector organizations: Promoting change through training and leading
by example. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 26(6), 492-
502.
                                                                                                Draft November 29-09


Markova, D., Holland B.M., (2005). Appreciative inquiry: A strategy for
change in systemic leadership that builds on organizational strengths, not
deficits. School Administrator, 62(2), 30.




G. Consideration of Educational Mandate and Constraints of Schools

                               Research                                          Reports/Resources



H. Consideration of Future Research and Data Needs

Major knowledge/practice/policy questions and draft or existing research agendas

                                  Research                                          Reports/Resources


Use of new research methods (beyond RCT’s)

                                  Research                                          Reports/Resources


Methodological Issues and Questions

                                  Research                                          Reports/Resources
Marshall TA, Eichenberger Gilmore JM, Broffitt B, Levy SM, Stumbo PJ.
(2003) Relative validation of a beverage frequency questionnaire in children
ages 6 months through 5 years using 3-day food and beverage diaries. J Am
Diet Assoc. 2003 Jun;103(6):714-20; discussion 720.

Nicklas TA, O'Neil CE. (2000) Process of conducting a 5-a-day intervention
with high school students: Gimme 5 (Louisiana).
Health Educ Behav. 2000 Apr;27(2):201-12

Lytle LA, Gerlach S, Weinstein AB. (2001) Conducting nutrition education
research in junior high schools: approaches and challenges. J Nutr Educ.
2001 Jan-Feb;33(1):49-54 Winkler G, Noller B, Waibel S, Wiest M. (2005)
BeKi--an initiative for nutrition education in childrenin the federal state of
Baden-Württemberg: description, experiences, and considerations for an
evaluation framework. Soz Praventivmed. 2005;50(3):151-60. Fano TJ,
Tyminski SM, Flynn MA. (2004) Evaluation of a collective kitchens
program: using the Population Health Promotion Model. Can J Diet Pract
Res. 2004 Summer;65(2):72-80. Moore GF, Tapper K, Moore L, Murphy S.
Cognitive, behavioral, and social factors are associated with bias in dietary
questionnaire self-reports by schoolchildren aged 9 to 11 years. J Am Diet
Assoc. 2008 Nov;108(11):1865-73. Mellor JM, Rapoport RB, Maliniak D.
(2008) The impact of child obesity on active parental consent in school-
based survey research on healthy eating and physical activity. Eval Rev.
2008 Jun;32(3):298-312. Epub 2008 Jan 25. Blom-Hoffman J, Leff SS,
Franko DL, Weinstein E, Beakley K, Power TJ. (2009) Consent Procedures
and Participation Rates in School-Based Intervention and Prevention
Research: Using a Multi-Component, Partnership-Based Approach to
Recruit Participants. School Ment Health. 2009 Mar 1;1(1):3-15. Penkilo M,
George GC, Hoelscher DM. (2008) Reproducibility of the School-Based
Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire among fourth-grade students in Texas. J
Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Jan-Feb;40(1):20-7.

Harmon AH, Maretzki AN. (2006) Assessing food system attitudes among
youth: development and evaluation of attitude measures. J Nutr Educ Behav.
2006 Mar-Apr;38(2):91-5.
                                                                            Draft November 29-09


Jansen W, Raat H, Zwanenburg EJ, Reuvers I, van Walsem R, Brug J.
(2008) A school-based intervention to reduce overweight and inactivity in
children aged 6-12 years: study design of a randomized controlled trial.
BMC Public Health. 2008 Jul 25;8:257.

								
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