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Cocoa-What-is-it-Where-does

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					                   Cocoa – What is it, Where does it come from?


   Cocoa powder is derived from cacao seeds grown in pods on the cacao
    tree. Its botanical name, Theobroma cacao, means “food of the gods.”
    They are only referred to as cocao beans once they are removed from the pod.

   Cocao trees will grow in a very limited geographical zone, approximately 10
    degrees north or south of the Equator                                            Cacao Tree

   There are three varieties of cocao: Forastero, Criollo & Trinitario.
    Forastero comprises 95% of the world production and is most
    widely used. The highest quality of cocao comes from the Criollo
    variety and is considered a delicacy, however it is harder to                  Cacao Pod
    produce, hence very few countries produce it, with the majority of
    production coming from Venezuela. The Trinitario is a mix between
    the Criollo and Forastero varieties.

   Cocoa powder is a unique food ingredient – with no substitute
                                                                                  Cacao Beans
   Its colour is important, because it prompts certain taste and other
    sensory perceptions

   The flavour, texture and mouthfeel of the finished product are all
    influenced by processing of the bean                                          Cocoa Powder
                                                                                                 1
               The Production Process:
      From cocoa beans to butter, liquor and powder

                    Cocoa
                    Beans


                           Blending
                          Cleaning                   Broken Press
                                                        Cakes
                 Shells              Breaking
                 Nibs
                           Winnowing
                                                                     Batch
                                                       Blending
                                                                     Maker
                     Alkalization
                      Roasting
                                 Grinding             Pulverizing


                                                                     Cooling
                                Pressing


                                          Breaking




Cocoa Butter   Cocoa Liquor                           Cocoa Powder

                                                                               2

				
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posted:11/30/2009
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