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BOWLING

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					                                               BOWLING


History
The sport of bowling is one of the most popular SONC training and competition programs. In 1984,
bowling premiered at state-level competition in Sanford. Since then, it has grown rapidly. Bowling also
enjoys widespread popularity across the nation in Special Olympics, as it is second only to track and
field in athlete participation. Bowling is a stand-alone event in December.

Number of Local Programs Offering
67 local programs currently offer training in bowling.

Events Offered
    Singles
    Singles Ramp (Assisted & Unassisted)
    Doubles (Baker System)
    Five-person team (Baker System)
    Unified Doubles (Baker System)
    Unified Five-person team (Baker System - 3 athletes, 2 Unified Partners)

Competition Opportunities
   State-level competition

Appropriate Attire and Equipment
    Uniform standards must be followed under FIQ regulations.
      o There shall be no corporate logos on athlete uniforms. Violation of this may result in
         disqualification.
      o Hats may not be worn during competition. If an athlete or Unified Partner must wear a hat
         during competition for medical reasons, please notify competition staff at the coaches’
         meeting.1
      o Teams and Doubles must be dressed alike
          Women
              Skirts, skorts, pants, slacks, or knee length walking/dress shorts.
              No variations are allowed within a team
              No jeans of any color are permitted
          Men
              Pants, slacks or knee length walking/dress shorts (no gym or denim shorts)
              No variations are allowed within a team
              No jeans of any color are permitted

Governing Rules
The Official Special Olympics Sports Rules for Bowling shall govern all Special Olympics competitions.
Bowling sport rules dated January 2009 will be in effect for the 2009-2010 SONC program year and can
be found at www.sonc.net under the resource library.

The United States Bowling Congress is the National Governing Body for bowling in the United States
and their rules can be found at www.bowl.com. The USBC will also have information on the Baker
System Format.



1
This is a USBC rule and is enforced for the athlete’s safety.
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SONC Interpretations and Modifications
This section is intended to be used in conjunction with the NGB Rules and SOI Rules; therefore, those
rules are not repeated here but they will be enforced unless in direct conflict to SONC modifications.

All Bowling Events
     A bowler may only compete in one event.
     Singles, singles ramp, doubles and team competition will run according to a scratch tournament.
     Foul lights will be on during competition.
     Any athlete arriving late for singles competition will begin play with the score to count from the
       frame then being bowled. A zero will be given for all prior frames.
     All doubles and team members must play every game. For doubles or team members
       arriving late, coaches will have the option of scratching that athlete from the competition, or a
       zero score will be entered for each frame they are slated to bowl.

Singles & Ramp
    There have been no changes to singles competition for the 2009-2010 program year.
    Twelve scores are required for each athlete with state-level event registration. Three of those
       scores must be from a qualifier (held in May/June), or a printout from a bowling house to verify
       those scores.
    Singles bowlers will bowl in league play format at state-level competition.
    Ramp bowlers and those competing in wheelchairs have the option of bowling straight away
       (i.e. open bowling).
    At the regional tournaments, final scores will be based upon the athlete’s three-game total
       scratch scores.

Doubles (Traditional & Unified)
    Doubles will use the Baker System format.
    Scoring: Instead of each player having his/her own score, the combined effort of the team
      constitutes a game.
    In the Baker System, doubles partners take turns bowling frames within one game (as opposed
      to two bowlers bowling separate games). Each bowler bowls one frame at a time, regardless of
      the number of pins on the lane. For example, if Bowler 1 hits 4 pins, Bowler 1 bowls again to try
      and pick up the spare in that frame. Then, Bowler 2 bowls the next frame.
    Team captains and/or coaches may change the bowling order, but may only do so between
      games.

                                                 Doubles
                                            Frame      Bowler
                                               1         1
                                               2         2
                                               3         1
                                               4         2
                                               5         1
                                               6         2
                                               7         1
                                               8         2
                                               9         1
                                              10         2

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         Athletes in doubles must practice in accordance with the Baker System and submit scores as a
          pair. Three of the scores submitted for teams must be verifiable scores from the bowling house,
          and must have the team name on the printout. The athletes associated with the doubles should
          be indicated on the printout by the coordinator submitting registration. Printouts must
          accompany the registration form. A back-up 12-game average for each player is also requested.
          This is to place the athlete in singles competition should their partner scratch.
         Doubles competition will not use league format. All doubles will play in “open bowling format,”
          meaning doubles will bowl on the same lane for all games.
         At the regional tournaments, final scores will be based upon the doubles five-game total
          scratch score.

Team (Traditional & Unified)
    Teams will use the Baker System format.
    At the regional tournaments, final scores will be based upon the team five-game total scratch
      score.
    A registered team consists of five players. Teams will be allowed to bowl with a minimum roster
      of three and a maximum roster of five at the state level event. See table for appropriate bowling
      order for teams.
    In the Baker System, team members take turns bowling frames within one game (as opposed to
      five bowlers bowling separate games). Each bowler bowls one frame at a time, regardless of the
      number of pins on the lane. For example, if Bowler 1 only hits 4 pins, Bowler 1 bowls again to
      tray and pick up the spare in that frame. Then, Bowler 2 bowls the next frame, then Bowler 3,
      and so on.

                       3 person team          4 person team             5 person team
                      Frame Bowler            Frame    Bowler          Frame    Bowler
                         1        1              1        1               1        1
                         2        2              2        2               2        2
                         3        3              3        3               3        3
                         4        1              4        4               4        4
                         5        2              5        1               5        5
                         6        3              6        2               6        1
                         7        1              7        3               7        2
                         8        2              8        4               8        3
                         9        3              9        1               9        4
                        10        1             10        2              10        5

         Team captains and/or coaches may change the bowling order, but may only do so between
          games.
         Team competition will not use the league format. All teams will play in “open bowling format,”
          meaning all players of one team will bowl on the same lane for all games.
         If a team falls below three bowlers, the two remaining bowlers will be moved to singles.
         Team averages are based on scores from 12 games that must be submitted with registration. If
          athletes are competing team, they must practice in accordance with the Baker System and
          submit scores as a team. Three of the scores submitted for teams must be verifiable scores
          from the bowling house, and must have athlete names on the printout2. Printouts must


2
    SONC modification of Section B.2.d.a.
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       accompany registration form. A back-up 12-game average for each player is also requested.
       This is to place the athlete in singles competition should their team fall below three players.

Special Notices
    State-level competition for bowling will be offered in the form of two regional tournaments in the
      east and west on the same day in December.
    Unified Bowling
      o Local programs participating in Unified bowling should notify SONC of their intentions and
          include participation numbers on the census form.
      o Each local program is required to have a coach certified in Unified Sports before beginning
          training.
    Ramp Bowling
      o If an athlete uses a ramp to bowl, please bring a ramp for each bowler to competition.
          Programs have the option of supplying a ramp assistant for the athlete(s).

Event Registration
    Regional state-level competition (please submit to appropriate area director by the registration
      deadline):
      o Regional Bowling entry form




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